Monday, January 21, 2019

FASD News - 3/2019

The Times (UK) - Babies being born brain damaged by alcohol is a national emergency
There is a public health emergency looming over our country, a hidden epidemic of staggeringly damaging proportions that demands our attention. It is the damage being done to thousands of children every year before they are born through exposure to alcohol during pregnancy, so-called foetal alcohol spectrum disorders. (Canada) - Sisters living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Skylar and Cassie More are sisters from the same birth mother who were adopted 12 years ago alongside their brother Jacob. All three children were diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, or FASD, which is estimated to affect up to four per cent of Canadians — and potentially hundreds of thousands of people in Ontario.
The News Tribune - Glass of wine while pregnant? ‘The only safe amount to drink is none,’ new study says
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy — even light drinking — is not safe for babies’ health, UW researchers found in a study of twins, siblings and fetal alcohol syndrome published in the journal Advances in Pediatric Research.
UW Medicine Newsroom - Genetic risks play part in fetal alcohol syndrome
A study of 84 twin/sibling pairs exposed to alcohol in utero shows that two fetuses exposed to identical levels of alcohol can experience strikingly different levels of neurological damage.
Narconon Colorado (USA) - An Estimated 40,000 Children Born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Every Year
Alcohol use during pregnancy is the leading preventable cause of learning disabilities, birth defects and developmental disabilities in children. The term Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) refers to the varying range of effects that can occur to an individual who was exposed to alcohol prenatally. An estimated 40,000 babies are born in the United States each year with FASD.
Psychiatry Advisor - Pregnancy Reduces the Risk for Alcohol Use Disorder Among Women and Their Partners
Pregnancy appears to be a key motivator in reducing alcohol use disorder, according to the results of a study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
SANDS (UK) - New NHS plan to help pregnant women quit drinking alcohol and smoking
NHS England has launched a new plan to help drinkers and smokers who are admitted to hospital to quit. More than half a million patients who smoke, including pregnant women and their partners, will be helped to stop.
Clinical Psychology Today – Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Hidden Disability
FASD is a lifelong, persistent condition caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. Research suggests a deficit in health care professional´s knowledge surrounding the symptomatology and treatment of FASD, which can result in misdiagnosis or missed-diagnosis of the condition.

FASD and The Justice System – Transforming Practices (March 5, 2019, Canada)
This session builds on the momentum of the previous 3 years of one-day FASD & the Law sessions held before the International FASD Conference

Bridge a Life BaL - The Gathering: FASD June 21, 2018
Bridge A Life's monthly training: The Gathering.
A coach or navigator approach is a new model that is now increasingly used in pediatric health care contexts. This webinar will provide an overview of what a coach is and the current evidence that exists in the use of a coach for parents of children with disabilities. Three research projects funded by CHILD-BRIGHT that use a coach model at three transition points in a child’s development will also be highlighted.
FASD Norge - ARENDAL The host of EUFASD 2020 NORWAY
Regional kompetansetjeneste for barn med medfødte russkader
RK-MR, Sørlandet sykehus Helse Sør-Øst
UW Medicine - Genetic risks play part in fetal alcohol syndrome
A study of 84 twin/sibling pairs exposed to alcohol in utero indicates there’s no safe limit of alcohol exposure for pregnant mothers.
Chris Hunter - This Is Me | Strategies - Reduce Stimulation
Part of the This Is Me - FASD Learning Program. This video demonstrates how reducing stimulation to people with FASD can help them focus better.

Advances in Pediatric Research - Twin study confirms virtually identical prenatal alcohol exposures can lead to markedly different fetal alcohol spectrum disorder outcomesfetal genetics influences fetal vulnerability
Despite virtually identical PAE, fetuses can experience vastly different FASD outcomes. Thus, to protect all fetuses, especially the most genetically vulnerable, the only safe amount to drink is none at all.
European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - The causal web of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a review and causal diagram
The causal diagram that we present in this review provides a comprehensive summary of causal risk factors for FASD and can be used as a tool to inform data collection and statistical modelling strategies to minimise bias in future studies of FASD.
BORA - Mental Health and care situation in school-aged children prenatally exposed to alcohol and other substances: a hospital based study
In this hospital-based population of children prenatally exposed to alcohol and other substances, the children were found to have an increased risk of mental health problems affecting their daily life functioning, when compared to a reference group.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - A therapeutic approach to learning through creative storytelling
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of a Learning Programme designed around the animation film-making process, contextualising abstract concepts to address the cognitive limitations of children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Exploring the experiences of birth mothers whose children have been diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a qualitative study
FASD is often described in the literature as being completely preventable with the implication that it is the mother’s fault because they drank alcohol during pregnancy. However, a statement like this fails to portray the complexities of the phenomenon of women drinking during pregnancy.
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews - Alcohol exposure during embryonic development: An opportunity to conduct systematic developmental time course analyses in zebrafish
Ethanol affects numerous neurobiological processes depending upon the developmental stage at which it reaches the vertebrate embryo. Exposure time dependency may explain the variable severity and manifestation of life-long symptoms observed in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) patients.
BMC public health - Prevalence and characteristics of adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in corrections: a Canadian case ascertainment study
Findings showed disproportionately high estimated FASD prevalence in this representative sample compared to general population estimates in both Canada and the U.S. (2–5%), underscoring the need for improved FASD screening and diagnosis in correctional settings, and education for clinicians working in the justice context.
University of Manitoba - Investigating the effect of continuous ethanol exposure on differentiated neural stem cells; a study for potential FASD biomarkers
Mounting evidence suggests that PAE affects epigenetic mechanisms and alters the normal differentiation and development of neural stem cells (NSC) in fetal brain.
Genesis - Insights into retinoic acid deficiency and the induction of craniofacial malformations and microcephaly in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Research focus on characterizing the effects of retinoic acid deficiency during early development and on understanding the downstream signaling pathways involved in aberrant head and craniofacial development will reveal underlying etiologies of these disorders.
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - Corrections and connection to the community: A diagnostic and service program for incarcerated adult men with FASD
Previous research has demonstrated that impaired social and adaptive behavior due to prenatal alcohol exposure can be associated with severe conduct disorders in adolescence, mental health concerns, school failure, employment difficulties, substance abuse, difficulty with the law, and incarceration.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Substance use, comorbid psychiatric disorders and suicide attempts in adult FASD patients
Given that the body of research literature on FASD in adulthood is sparse, even a clinical sample of thirty individuals expands knowledge on mental health and substance use in the adult FASD population.
This study is based on an unauthorized translation of Diagnostic Guide for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: The 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, Third Edition, 2004 written by Susan J. Astley, Professor of Epidemiology.
The American journal of forensic medicine - Fatal Intestinal Obstruction in a Patient With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
We describe an 8-year-old white boy with a history of fetal alcohol syndrome and pica, who was found dead on the floor by his mother. The child died from massive intestinal dilatation causing asphyxia. We discuss the potential pathogenetic mechanisms of intestinal dilation in patients with fetal alcohol syndrome.
bioRxiv - The Effects of Alcohol and Cannabinoid Exposure during the Brain Growth Spurt on Behavioral Development in Rats
Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among pregnant women. Moreover, over half of pregnant women who are consuming cannabis are also consuming alcohol; however, the consequences of combined prenatal alcohol and cannabis exposure on fetal development are not well understood.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Behaviour and adaptive functioning in children and young people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a UK study
The purpose of this paper is to explore the profiles of behaviours and adaptive functioning in the UK children and young people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
South African Journal of Psychiatry - Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy in a general national population in South Africa
The study findings suggest links between socio-demographic and health variables and prenatal alcohol use, which may have public health policy implications.

NRZ (Germany) - Merkmale von Fetalen Alkoholspektrumsstörungen (FASD)
Kinder mit FASD können unter anderem organische Leiden, schwere Entwicklungs- und Wahrnehmungsstörungen und Hyperaktivität aufweisen.
Ärzte Zeitung (Germany) - 720.000 Euro Förderung für Prävention
Die Gesundheitsministerien von Bund und Bayern fördern das neue Kompetenzzentrum für Fetale Alkoholspektrumstörungen (FASD) in München.

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