Sunday, February 21, 2021

FASD News - 7/2021

CBC (Canada) - How My Teen With A Disability Is Teaching Me About Dignity
Dignity is defined as the state or quality of being worthy of honour or respect. It comes from the Latin dignitas, meaning worthy.
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News Medical - New research examines how alcohol exposure impacts aspects of neuroplasticity
It is now well accepted that the birth and integration of new neurons continue beyond development and into adulthood. New discoveries and insights on how alcohol impacts this and other plastic processes are discussed in "Alcohol and Neural Plasticity," a special issue of Brain Plasticity.
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Healthing - As kids with FASD turn 18, worry over support intensifies
Many families across the country are struggling to figure out what comes next for their adult child living with a developmental disability.
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Hello Sunday Morning - I didn’t know alcohol could harm my baby, before knowing I was pregnant
I conceived my first child at 30. I had been married for 4 years when I ceased my long-term use of the birth control pill. I continued to drink alcohol at weekends, socially, but knew about avoiding certain foods and to reduce my caffeine intake. I am well educated and had done my research. I didn’t want to completely change my lifestyle, as long as my approach was ‘safe’ for my developing baby.
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Eileen Devine - Tending Both Sides of the Parenting Coin
When I ask how you’re doing, knowing intimately what’s involved in parenting a child who requires massive amounts of your time and energy, the thing I am most curious and concerned about is how you are doing at a physiological, nervous-system level.
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CanFASD - Top FASD Research Articles of 2020
Announcing our list for the top FASD articles of 2020! Every January CanFASD does a literature search for research that was published within the previous year. This year the search revealed over 400 articles published on FASD in 2020.
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March of Dimes – Beyond Labels
Stigma may stop someone, including a pregnant woman, from accessing the health and support services they need.
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ABC News (Australia) - FASD has no cure and is often misdiagnosed, but there is hope and help for those affected
This is what happened to Jessica, who says there were clear signs she had issues throughout her childhood, but her symptoms were dismissed as phases she would grow out of.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
CanFASD - Identifying Best Practices for FASD Prevention, Intervention, and Support
More and more online opportunities for professional development are popping up in our increasingly virtual environment. Although there are lots of courses out there for specific professions, there are very few online learning opportunities for the range of professionals who work with people with FASD and women who are at risk of having a child with FASD.
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FASD Hub Australia - Meet Dr Nicole Hayes
Meet Dr Nicole Hayes, who is exploring the impact of sleep difficulties on children with FASD and their carers. She hopes this research will help identify ways we can support these children and families in their daily lives.
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FASD Hub Australia - Meet Dr Rebecca Pedruzzi
Meet Dr Rebecca Pedruzzi from the Telethon Kids Institute, whose research goal is to ensure women and their families are supported through effective public health campaigns to make the decision not to drink during pregnancy.
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Change.org - Recognition of FASD as a Disability in the QLD Education System
We are calling to recognise FASD as a disability under the QLD Education Adjustment Program (EAP) to give these kids the support they need. The lack of recognition of FASD as a disability is profoundly limiting the educational engagement of this vulnerable population.
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Adoption with Nyree - Could your ADOPTED child have fetal alcohol syndrome?
Adopting a child with fetal alcohol syndrome which is often undiagnosed and the common behaviours to expect. Many children with fetal alcohol syndrome go undiagnosed and unsupported throughout their lives. Here are some common behaviors for you to understand that may help you on your adoption journey as an adoptive family.
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Rural FASD Support Network - FASD Transitional Planning
Pateresa Winter of the Lakeland Centre for FASD in Cold Lake, Alberta share how they have provided transitional planning for youth and young adults with FASD for the past 12 years in a rural setting.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 2, Episode 6 - Why Does Your Child With FASD Lie?
In this week's episode we open up the conversation around this very tricky aspect of living with FASD. So many parents, carers, teachers and other professionals really struggle with what feels like being lied to, we talk about what it really is and how we make the adjustments required to handle it.
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usgovACF - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (audio description)
Parenting a child with a disorder on the fetal alcohol spectrum can present many challenges for foster and adoptive families. It is vital for these families and the professionals who support them to understand the reasons behind any learning and behavioral challenges so they—together—can “try differently.”
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FosterFamiliesNC - Introduction to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Recent research has shown that 1 in 20 first graders have Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, but so few physicians, allied health professionals, and parents really know how this lifelong developmental disability manifests itself.
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AKCenterForResourceFamilies - FASD Across the Lifespan: Session 1 Introduction and Diagnosis
In Session one of the FASD Across the Lifespan Training Series, Marilyn Pierce-Bulger present information about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and prenatal alcohol exposure and details the diagnostic process in Alaska.
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Proof Alliance – Let's Have a Conversation
We appreciate you joining us in having an important talk about fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, or FASD. FASD occurs when a baby is exposed to alcohol in the womb, leading to lifelong brain injury, among many other potential conditions.
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AUCD FASD SIG - Services and Supports for Adults with FASD
When children with disabilities become adults, there is a significant reduction in services and supports available. For individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), however, that loss of services is even more dramatic.
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Elephant In The Room – Podcast: Caring for those with FASD
Talking about raising and caring for individuals with FASD. The trials, the tribulations...the love.
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RESEARCH
Global Pediatric Health - Institutionalized Children and the Risk of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD); A Primer for Clinicians, Adoption Staff and Parents
A large proportion of adopted institutionalized children may not follow a normal developmental trajectory. If not afflicted by FASD, there is a positive impact of adoption on children’s cognitive development and in general they are comparable to their non- adopted peers.
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Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability - “It’s ignorant stereotypes”: Key stakeholder perspectives on stereotypes associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, alcohol, and pregnancy
Our results align with research about difficult experiences of FASD stakeholders. However, while Canadian news analyses found people with FASD portrayed as criminals, our participants identified mostly non-crime stereotypes. Participants also sometimes shifted the burden of motherhood stereotypes from low-income to higher-income women.
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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada - Perspectives of Canadian Health Care Providers on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A brief report exploring 15 years
The findings from these surveys may inform the development of ongoing educational initiatives to help HCPs with screening for alcohol use during pregnancy and early diagnosis and prevention of FASD.
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European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - Evidence-based interventions for children and adolescents with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders – A systematic review
There are only a few randomized-controlled trials regarding therapy research for children and adolescents with FASD. Evidence-based intervention studies indicate that especially the combination of parent and child sessions present a promising approach for the treatment of FASD.
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Estimated Prevalence of Harmful Alcohol Consumption in Pregnant and Non‐pregnant Women in Saxony‐Anhalt (North‐East Germany) Using Biomarkers
Estimated prevalence rates differ greatly with respect to the biomarkers and cut‐offs used. The isolated measurement of CDT/%CDT might result in an overestimation of harmful alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Read more

Journal of Neuroscience Research - Ethanol modulation of cerebellar neuroinflammation in a postnatal mouse model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are alarmingly common, result in significant personal and societal loss, and there is no effective treatment for these disorders.
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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Barriers and enablers of implementation of alcohol guidelines with pregnant women: a cross-sectional survey among UK midwives
Our results suggest that skill development and reinforcement of support from colleagues and the wider maternity system could support midwives’ implementation of alcohol advice at each antenatal appointment, not just at booking could lead to improved outcomes for women and infants.
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Plos one - Protective factors against tobacco and alcohol use among pregnant women from a tribal nation in the Central United States
Identifying social determinants of tobacco and alcohol use during pregnancy is critical to improving health outcomes for the next generation. This is especially important on a rural Tribal Nation where influences such as isolation, cultural barriers, and historical trauma have made it uniquely challenging to prevent substance use during pregnancy.
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Children - Maternal Tobacco and Alcohol Use in Relation to Child Malnutrition in Gauteng, South Africa: A Retrospective Analysis
This study determined the association between maternal tobacco and alcohol use, and malnutrition, among infants aged ≤ 12 months (n = 300), in selected health facilities situated in Gauteng, South Africa.
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Molecular Medicine Reports - Prenatal ethanol exposure impairs the formation of radial glial fibers and promotes the transformation of GFAPδpositive radial glial cells into astrocytes
During embryonic cortical development, radial glial cells (RGCs) are the major source of neurons, and these also serve as a supportive scaffold to guide neuronal migration. Similar to Vimentin, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) is one of the major intermediate filament proteins present in glial cells.
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Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research - Phosphatidylethanol as Blood Biomarker of Alcohol Consumption in Early Pregnancy: An Observational Study in 4067 Pregnant Women
In an unselected pregnant population in Norway 1.4 % had a positive PEth sample around gestational week 12 whereas 0.4% had a positive sample around week 24. The use of PEth as an alcohol biomarker should be further investigated as a possible diagnostic tool in the antenatal setting.
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BMC Psychiatry - Magnitude and associated factors of substance use among pregnant women attending antenatal care in public hospitals of eastern Ethiopia
The magnitude of antenatal substance use in the study area was 26.5%. Pre- pregnancy substance use, partner substance use, monthly house hold income and family substance use were found to be positively associated with substance use during pregnancy.
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Child Maltreatment - Prenatal Substance Exposure and Child Maltreatment: A Systematic Review
State and federal policies regarding substance use in pregnancy, specifically whether a notification to child protective services is required, continue to evolve. To inform practice, policy, and future research, we sought to synthesize and critically evaluate the existing literature regarding the association of prenatal substance exposure with child maltreatment.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Timing of mortality in mothers with recurrent convictions for driving under the influence of alcohol and their children, from childbirth to child age 17
Severe maternal AUD, as characterized by rDUI, increases the risk for child mortality over that of Controls through age 17. Delays in rDUI maternal mortality until child age 6 may indicate a period when maternal referral for intervention to reduce harm to child and mother is likely to be especially effective.
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Public health nursing - Intimate partner violence, prenatal stress, and substance use among pregnant Black women
Perceived stress during pregnancy partially mediated the association between previous experience of IPV and marijuana use among pregnant Black women. Interventions are needed to reduce IPV that would lower stress during pregnancy and consequently substance abuse to improve pregnancy outcomes and maternal and newborn health.
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Public Health Reports - Discordance Between Perinatal Alcohol Use Among Women and Provider Counseling for Alcohol Use: An Assessment of the Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System
Disparities in alcohol counseling occurred despite the national recommendation for universal screening and counseling prenatally. Continued integration of universal screening for alcohol use during pregnancy is needed.
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Thursday, February 18, 2021

Alcohol News - 7/2021

Sante Publique France (France) - Modelling the number of avoidable new cancer cases in France attributable to alcohol consumption by following official recommendations: a simulation study
This simulation study of the French general population predicted that perfect adherence to the French government's alcohol consumption guidelines (no more than 10 standard alcoholic drinks per week and two per day) would prevent almost 16,000 cancer cases per year.
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The Conversation (Nigeria) - Alcohol use is worryingly high among Nigerian students: here’s who is most at risk
In most parts of Nigeria, there’s very little control over the sale and distribution of alcohol. It’s available in small and portable packaging and people of any age can buy it. It’s not uncommon for bars to be situated near schools.
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Business Tech (South Africa) - Cape Town moves ahead with new alcohol laws
Western Cape premier Alan Winde says that the province plans to introduce further regulations around the sale of alcohol in an effort to curb abuse.
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BBC News (UK) - Covid: Worries about parents' drug and alcohol use soar
There has been a dramatic rise in the number of children needing help because their parents are misusing drugs and alcohol, a charity says.
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BBC News - 'My mum was an alcoholic and it was a massive secret'
Growing up with a parent who has a drinking problem can profoundly affect children in many ways. Children of alcoholics are more likely to suffer from depression, struggle in school, and experience abuse and violence at home. Many find that they are still deeply affected by their parent's drinking as adults - like Becky Ellis Hamilton.
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CNY Central - CNY doctor sees significant increase in liver disease patients related to alcohol abuse
Since the pandemic shutdowns started in March, hospitals have seen an increase in patients with liver disease by as much as 50 percent, according to a study by the Kaiser Family Foundation.
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The Scotsman (Scotland) - Coronavirus in Scotland: Alcohol sales drop during pandemic but concerns over increase in ‘home alone’ drinking
While alcohol consumption as a whole reduced, charities raised concerns about increases among those who were already drinking more heavily.
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The Print - Alcohol abuse can change male DNA for three months after stopping, says NIMHANS study
Excessive consumption of alcohol, resulting in alcohol use disorder (AUD), alters DNA in men, and these changes can persist for at least three months during both complete withdrawal and reduction in consumption, suggests a new study from National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru.
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CITY - Mental health disorders and alcohol misuse more common in LGB people
Lesbian, gay and bisexual people are significantly more likely to have mental health conditions and report alcohol and drug misuse than heterosexual people according to a new study.
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University of Sheffield - New study reveals how the first lockdown impacted alcohol consumption
A new report from the University of Sheffield has revealed the impact the early stages of the Covid-19 pandemic has had on alcohol consumption in Scotland and England.
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The BMJ - Ian Hamilton: Alcohol related deaths are on the rise, but we remain a nation in denial
The UK is stuck in a deadly catch-22 where access to help for alcohol addiction is harder, while people drinking at hazardous levels have increased their consumption, writes Ian Hamilton.
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Broadview Magazine - More older women are drinking too much. A new sobriety movement aims to help
I could never stop at just one. I always had at least two glasses of red wine. Often three. Sometimes four. Occasionally I could polish off an entire bottle in an evening. How did it come to this?
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SurvivorNet - Should Every Bottle of Alcohol Carry a Cancer Warning? The New Push From Major Public Health Organizations
With so many sheltering in place at home worldwide during the pandemic, people are drinking at home more than they otherwise might; health organizations want Congress to act: By putting cancer warning on alcohol labels. Medscape reported the news, writing: “The proposal is outlined in a Citizen Petition issued to the Treasury department’s Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Trade Bureau.”
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Movendi International - African, European Communities Denounce European Union External Action Collusion with Big Alcohol, Make 3 Requests for Change
We are community-based and civil society groups from Africa, Europe and around the world and we wish to express our deep concern about revelations that the European Union External Action is encouraging and even part-funding the alcohol industry to interfere in public policy making of a sovereign country, in this particular case South Africa.
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SHAAP - Alcohol monopolies
Scotland has made progress in reducing harm from alcohol and an important part of that approach has been attention to regulating the price, availability and marketing of alcohol, known as the World Health Organization's ‘Best Buys’.
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Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Partners or Opponents? Alcohol Industry Strategy and the 2016 Revision of the U.K. Low-Risk Drinking Guidelines
The present case adds new insights into the political strategies of alcohol industry actors to undermine public health, providing evidence of confrontational tactics. It draws attention to the failure of self-regulatory regimes to incorporate basic public health messaging.
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Alcohol Research Group (USA) - CAMPAIGN LAUNCHES TO LET YOUNG WOMEN KNOW ALCOHOL CAUSES BREAST CANCER
Seventy-five percent of women are unaware that drinking alcohol increases their risk of developing breast cancer, yet in the United States, there are approximately 19,000 cases of alcohol-attributable breast cancer each year.
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Thursday, February 11, 2021

Alcohol News - 6/2021

News Medical - Pandemic-fueled alcohol abuse creates wave of hospitalizations for liver disease
As the pandemic sends thousands of recovering alcoholics into relapse, hospitals across the country have reported dramatic increases in alcohol-related admissions for critical diseases like alcoholic hepatitis and liver failure.
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The Conversation (Australia) - A minimum price for alcohol helped curb problem drinking in the Northern Territory — is it time for a national rollout?
The “floor price” for alcohol introduced by the Northern Territory in 2018 reduced the consumption of cask wine by half, without significantly impacting sales of other types of alcohol, according to our new analysis of the policy’s effectiveness.
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Otago Daily Times (New Zealand) - The link between alcohol and rugby
The Highlanders, by all measures the most popular sports team in the South, have never been afraid of doing things a little differently.
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NBC News - Covid crisis is exacerbating LGBTQ alcohol abuse, studies find
Social-distancing measures and lockdowns have disproportionately increased alcohol use in the LGBTQ community, studies find. Abigail Mazzarella, 26, often went to gay bars in Baltimore before Covid-19 stay-at-home measures were introduced.
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TIMESLive (South Africa) - Ramaphosa urged to tackle 'alcohol-related harm' after lockdown ends
President Cyril Ramaphosa has been urged to spell out in his state of the nation address (Sona) what practical steps the government will take to ensure a “sustained reduction in alcohol-related harm” after the lockdown is lifted.
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The Wall Street Journal - Giving Up Alcohol in the Era of Covid-19
Back in mid-March, as schools and businesses began to close and people headed home to hunker down, Amanda, a 44-year-old yoga instructor in Portland, Maine (who asked that her real name not be used for privacy reasons), decided to address one of the many worries that had begun to consume her day.
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Daily Mail - Teenagers with friends from a different school are more likely to drink alcohol and lie to their parents, study warns
New research has revealed that teens with friends outside school are more likely to drink alcohol and lie to their parents, than those whose main friendship group is at their own school.
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Business Tech (South Africa) - Push to raise the drinking age in South Africa: report
President Cyril Ramaphosa’s cabinet is currently reconsidering the Draft Liquor Amendment Bill in response to the harmful effects of alcohol seen during South Africa’s lockdown.
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UNSW Newsroom (Australia) - Can't remember last night? 48% of drinkers have had a blackout by age 19
Adolescents who had more and more blackouts each year had a much higher risk of developing severe alcohol problems.
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Eurocare (EU) - Is the EU official really asking the EU alcohol industry to help write other countries public health policies?
The EU delegation of the European Union to South Africa has requested European alcohol producers to carry out “activities…..around risks of alcohol abuse and mitigation measures” following changes in Government alcohol policy introduced in South Africa in response to the Covid- 19 pandemic.
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Insider (USA) - Millennials are irreparably damaging their livers as Americans drink more alcohol, doctors say
In the 11 months since the pandemic began, drinking rates and alcohol sales have been steadily increasing.
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PolandIn (Poland) - Poles spent more on alcohol, groceries in 2020: Nielsen
The pandemic has already diverted many shopping habits and has consequently driven thousands of companies to the brink of extinction, but last year, the fast-moving consumer goods market (FMCG) in Poland grew by 4.8 percent compared to 2019, to PLN 198.2 bn (EUR 44.1 bn), according to the Nielsen’s report referenced by Rzeczpospolita daily.
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Newark Advertiser (UK) - Southwell Town Council brings in alcohol ban during its Zoom meetings
Drinking alcohol during council meetings has been banned by a council. While updating its Zoom protocol, where Southwell Town Council has conducted its virtual meetings, a no alcohol rule caused a stir among councillors.
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Abp Live (India) - Liquor Likely To Become 50% Costlier As Delhi Govt Mulls New Excise Policy
An expert panel formed by the Delhi government has recommended a near 50% increase in liquor prices. It is pertinent to mention here that new guidelines pose a major threat for small and medium booze manufacturers.
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CTV News (Canada) - Disciplining sex-assault complainants for violating alcohol policy will no longer be allowed at Ontario colleges and universities
Ontario colleges and universities will no longer be allowed to ask sexual assault complainants irrelevant questions about their sexual history or discipline them for violating an institution’s drug and alcohol policy.
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STAT - Governments’ alcohol subsidies are harmful to public health
Each January, millions of people around the world make resolutions to cut back on the amount of alcohol they drink; many participate in the popular “dry January” pledge to give up alcohol altogether for a month.
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Sunday, February 7, 2021

FASD News - 5/2021

ABC News (Australia) - FASD has no cure and is often misdiagnosed, but there is hope and help for those affected
A small number of people affected by FASD have facial features that make them stand out to those who know what to look for. But most sufferers don't look any different from anyone else and, like Jessica, they can go through life not knowing why some things are so much harder for them than others.
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EurekAlert - Pregnant questions
When health researchers ask pregnant women about their alcohol use, expectant women may underreport their drinking, hampering efforts to minimize alcohol use in pregnancy and prevent development of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in children.
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25ABC (USA) - Changing the stigma: Mother shares her story of substance abuse while pregnant
Every year, between 800 and 8,000 babies are born with fetal alcohol syndrome. It's a statistic that is 100% preventable when mothers in need find the right support.
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Yes Health Please - Researchers find a more accurate method to gauge prenatal alcohol use
When health researchers ask pregnant women about their alcohol use, expectant women may underreport their drinking, hampering efforts to minimize alcohol use in pregnancy and prevent development of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in children.
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FASD Prevention News - Preconception Care to Optimize Health
Harm reduction and health promotion for women and their partners before conception are key to FASD prevention. Providing health information and supports during the preconception period provides an opportunity for men and women to actively plan for a healthy pregnancy and learn strategies such as healthy nutrition, supplementation, and reducing alcohol and other substance use.
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Our Sacred Breath - PARENTING, GROUNDHOG DAY AND FASD
Sharing (with permission) a wonderful piece about parenting a neurodivergent child and Groundhog Day by Lisa MacColl (Motherwell Magazine). While there is no mention of FASD, these are definitely similar experiences to supporting an individual with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder which is why I asked to share.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
FASD Hub Australia - 2018 FASD Clinical Workshop
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FASD Hub Australia - A conversation with Professor Carol Bower: Shining a Light on FASD
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FASD Hub Australia - Assessment & Diagnosis: there's more than the test results
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AllCEUs Counseling Education - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Mental Health and Criminal Justice
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the prevalence of FAS in the general population ranges from 2% to 5% for the entire continuum of FASD.
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Family Futures - Helping Families Heal - FASD with Dr Raja Mukherjee
The fifth video in a series of conversations hosted by a parent who has adopted a child through Family Futures. Here Angela asks Dr Raja Mukherjee, psychiatrist and leading expert on FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) about understanding what FASD is, what to look out for in your child, how to get a diagnosis and support, and how parents can best support children to manage symptoms.
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NTI Upstream - Honestly Adoption Webinar_Educational & Behavioral Interventions for Children & Teens with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
If you have adopted a child whose birth mother used drugs or alcohol during pregnancy, you are struggling daily with efforts to support your child’s schoolwork as well as teaching your child how to behave appropriately.
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Native Wellness Institute - Neuro-trauma: Better Understanding FASD with Jillene Joseph and guests
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 2, Episode 4 - How And When To Talk To Your Child About Their FASD Diagnosis
This week we talk about how and when you might talk to your child or young person about their diagnosis of FASD. We understand that everyone's story is unique so we offer some tips and advice that will help with this vital step in your journey.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 2, Episode 5 - Dr Alan Price, The Future of FASD Research
This week we talk to Dr Alan Price about some of his research around FASD and trauma, the prevalence of FASD in the UK and his PHD on FASD and Trauma.
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FASD Success - Tracy Mastrangelo: School Success
One challenge many caregivers have is how to both respond to the struggles their kiddos with FASD have in the school system and how to appropriately work within that system to make change.
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FASD Success - Megan Tucker: FASD and Harm Reduction
Today’s episode comes with a trigger warning. Also, if you play our episodes while your children are in the room, I suggest you wear headphones or listen when alone because we talk openly about challenging behaviours, addictions, mental health, truancy, running away and suicide.
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RESEARCH
Journal of Adolescence - Completed secondary education among youth with prenatal substance exposure: A longitudinal register-based matched cohort study
Inferior educational outcomes may not be directly linked with prenatal substance exposure but may rather reflect the extent of evolving offspring's mental and/or behavioural disorders over time influenced by childhood adversities.
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Volume 86, January 2021, Pages 15-27
Child Psychiatry & Human Development - Psychopharmacological Treatments in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Review
Psychiatric symptoms in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) present with high prevalence and morbidity, often across symptom domains, e.g. ADHD-like symptoms, emotional dysregulation and sleep problems.
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Neuroscience - Differential Cortical Pattern in Auditory Task Oddball Paradigm in Children Exposed to Alcohol during Pregnancy
The negative effects of fetal alcohol exposure on child development are well documented. This study investigated the electrophysiological processing of cortical level acoustic signals in a group of 21 children prenatally exposed to alcohol.
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Brain Sciences - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and the Facial Phenotype in Adolescents: A Study Based on Meconium Ethyl Glucuronide
The present study demonstrates visible effects of the facial phenotype in exposed adolescents. Facial malformation was associated with a child’s cognitive performance in the alcohol-exposed group. The EtG biomarker was a better predictor than maternal self-reports.
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Alterations in Insulin Levels in Adults with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
The bidirectional effects on insulin level and insulin resistance associated with PAE may indicate differential rates of diabetes disease impact or differential PAE impact in the brain and peripheral areas involved in insulin production and signaling. These alterations may contribute to their metabolic disease risk.
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Psychoneuroendocrinology - Altered social recognition memory and hypothalamic neuropeptide expression in adolescent male and female rats following prenatal alcohol exposure and/or early-life adversity
Taken together, our data provide novel insight into how the early postnatal environment may mediate outcomes of PAE as well as the power of animal models to interrogate the relationship between these pre- and postnatal insults.
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Anesthesia & Analgesia - Prenatal Exposure to General Anesthesia and Childhood Behavioral Deficit
Prenatal exposure to general anesthetics is associated with increased externalizing behavioral problems in childhood. However, given the limitations of this study and that avoiding necessary surgery during pregnancy can have significant detrimental effects on the mother and the child, further studies are needed before changes to clinical practice are made.
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Journal of Women's Health - Pathways from Maternal Adverse Childhood Experiences to Substance Use in Pregnancy: Findings from the All Our Families Cohort
Exposure to adversity in childhood can lead to socioeconomic and mental health difficulties that increase risk for substance use in pregnancy. Addressing these difficulties before pregnancy may help to reduce the potential for substance use in pregnancy.
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American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - 216 Substance use during pregnancy and postpartum among women with perinatally-acquired HIV
Substance use during and after pregnancy may be a critical determinant of health for women living with HIV (WLHIV), but little is known about substance use patterns among pregnant and postpartum women living with perinatally-acquired HIV (WLPHIV).
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Family Resilience and Recovery from Opioids and Other Addictions - Barriers to Care for Pregnant Women Seeking Substance Use Disorder Treatment
The number of pregnant women who are using opioids during pregnancy and the number of pregnant women seeking treatment for opioid use disorder during pregnancy have increased dramatically in the past decade.
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Int J Environ Res Public Health - Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) among Children Adopted from Eastern European Countries: Russia and Ukraine
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disorders. Children adopted internationally from countries where alcohol consumption during pregnancy is very high are at greater risk for FASD.
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International Journal of Epidemiology - Evidence of detrimental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on offspring birthweight and neurodevelopment from a systematic review of quasi-experimental studies
Systematic reviews of prenatal alcohol exposure effects generally only include conventional observational studies. However, estimates from such studies are prone to confounding and other biases.
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Alcoholism - Validity and Reliability of Executive Function Measures in Children with Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: Correspondence Between Multiple Raters and Laboratory Measures
Findings from this study indicate that behavior ratings can be used to supplement laboratory measures but may not be measuring cognitive abilities regardless of whether a clinical diagnosis is present.
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Affilia - The Shame of Drinking Alcohol While Pregnant: The Production of Avoidance and Ill-Health
In this article, we examine the operation of shame in the alcohol use habits of pregnant women and the responses of their families and associated institutions. Using a narrative–discursive approach, we interviewed 13 women, living in a low-resource setting in South Africa, who had consumed alcohol while pregnant.
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Alcoholism - Estimated Prevalence of Harmful Alcohol Consumption in Pregnant and Non‐pregnant Women in Saxony‐Anhalt (North‐East Germany) Using Biomarkers
Estimated prevalence rates differ greatly with respect to the biomarkers and cut‐offs used. The isolated measurement of CDT/%CDT might result in an overestimation of harmful alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Read more

Thursday, February 4, 2021

Alcohol News - 5/2021

WHO Europe - World Cancer Day: know the facts – tobacco and alcohol both cause cancer
On World Cancer Day, marked on 4 February, WHO/Europe is focusing on the need to minimize exposure to both alcohol and tobacco. While many people understand the risks of developing cancer associated with smoking, many remain unaware that alcohol also causes cancer.
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EU Observer (EU) - EU Commission targets tobacco and alcohol in cancer fight
The European Commission unveiled on Wednesday (3 February) a €4bn plan to improve the fight against cancer - a leading cause of death with a substantial economic burden in the EU.
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EU Reporter (EU) - Commission publishes public consultation on the taxation of cross-border alcohol and tobacco purchases in the EU
The Commission has launched a public consultation on the taxation of cross-border alcohol and tobacco purchases in the EU.
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BBC News (UK) - Alcohol deaths hit record high during Covid pandemic
Deaths caused by alcohol hit a new high during the first nine months of 2020, provisional figures for England and Wales show.
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The Dominion Post (USA) - COVID-19, misconceptions about alcohol could lead to increased winter drinking
A recent study conducted by Rehabs.com, a website facilitated by American Addiction Centers, says 50% of West Virginians reported increased alcohol consumption during winter months.
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Forbes - Should There Be Calorie Labels On Alcohol? Experts Say Yes
While just about everything in the grocery store has nutritional and calorie information printed on it, one item has somehow avoided being labelled. That item being alcohol.
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News Medical - Greater retail availability of marijuana and alcohol associated with co-use among teens
New research from the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation examines whether recreational marijuana legalization in Oregon and marijuana and alcohol retail outlet density levels are associated with co-use and beliefs supportive of use of each among teens.
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Pulse Ghana (Ghana) - Alcohol is the second biggest cause of cancer – Ghanaians warned
In a statement, the non-governmental organisation said science has proven that alcohol is the second biggest cause of cancer.
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The South African (South Africa) - ‘Additional alcohol tax’ proposed to limit hospital admissions
Could raising the cost of liquor in South Africa help bring down the number of hospitalisations linked to consumption? Medical experts are proposing the introduction of a new ‘alcohol tax’, which would initiate a substantial increase in what we’d have to pay for our favourite boozy beverages.
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Psychiatric Times - Don't Raise a Glass: Alcohol Dependence Complicates Bipolar Disorder
There is evidence for an increased prevalence of comorbid substance use disorders (SUDs) in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), even when compared with other psychiatric disorders.
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Prague Morning (Czech Republic) - Czechs Third in the World in Alcohol per Capita
According to the Czech Statistical Office, an average Czech consumes 292 beers, 100 glasses of wine, and 175 shots of hard alcohol annually.
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My New Orleans - Teetotally on Trend: Are alcohol-free challenges the new black?
Raise your hand if you are finishing up Dry January this week. Chances are hardly any of you raised your hand as you read this, not because you think it’s weird to put your hand in the air for a computer or phone screen, but rather because not a lot of Louisianians are down with putting down their favorite libations the first month of the year.
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Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - Call for minimum alcohol pricing in Scotland to increase to curb lockdown drinking
SNP ministers have been called on to review minimum alcohol pricing as problem drinking rocketed across the UK during lockdown.
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Newswire (Canada) - Government of Canada supports first national guideline on high-risk drinking and alcohol use disorder
High-risk drinking and alcohol use disorder (AUD) can have significant health, social and economic consequences for individuals and communities. However, a lack of research, limited access to substance use specialists, and insufficient training resources mean that AUD can frequently go unrecognized or untreated in Canada.   
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Reuters (France) - France's Macron aims to tackle tobacco and alcohol in 10-year cancer plan
French President Emmanuel Macron wants the generation that will turn 20 in 2030 to be the first tobacco-free one, and also promised on Thursday to do more to warn about the dangers of alcohol, as part of a 10-year strategy to fight cancer.
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