Sunday, May 30, 2021

FASD News - 21/2021

The Sun - I thought I was hanging after a night on the tiles – it turns out I was having a surprise baby, I’d spent months boozing
A MUM who thought she was hungover after a night out downing vodka was stunned to discover she was pregnant - and in labour.
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Healthline - Your Guide to Resources for Children with Developmental Disabilities
Children with developmental differences often need extra services to support their physical health and mental well-being. But researching and connecting with specialists and other service providers can sometimes feel like a full-time job for parents and caregivers.
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The Fostering Network (UK) - Understanding FASD
Is the young person in your care showing extreme, unpredictable or unexplained behaviours, sudden outbursts and issues around development or learning? Is it possible they were exposed to alcohol in the womb?
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CanFASD Blog (Canada) - Embraced: The Quest to Make a Film
When our son was twelve, he exploded with a vengeance. Without warning, amidst a crowded outdoor concession stand, he power-kicked a soccer ball directly into his sister’s head. So I loaded him into a van for a road trip to explore, “why the anger?” Every few seconds he said something chilling, then contradicted it in the next sentence. I remained silent except to state, “I’m sorry” or “are you hungry?”.
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Review of Optometry - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Responsible for Vision Problems
Exposure to prenatal alcohol can result in a number of functional impairments, including ophthalmological abnormalities such as ptosis, refractive errors, strabismus, subnormal visual acuity and optic nerve hypoplasia. In those diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), such ophthalmic abnormalities often result in visual perception problems (VPPs).
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ABC News (Australia) - Telethon Kids Institute helping WA Police reframe interactions with people with neurological impairments
A leading child health researcher is helping police officers in regional Western Australia have safer interactions with people who have neurological conditions such as foetal alcohol spectrum disorders or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
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Birthing for Life - Can You Drink Wine While Pregnant? Here’s Why NOT
Any amount of alcohol intake during pregnancy leads to intrauterine fetal exposure and can cause a wide range of deficits known as Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. For this reason, the global recommendation among medical groups is for pregnant women to avoid any type of alcohol consumption, including beer, wine and spirits.
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Parents 1st UK (UK) - Avoiding alcohol during pregnancy – share your tips and ideas
Pregnancy is a life changing event, and this may affect our close relationships, especially if parents are feeling overwhelmed. Most of us are tempted to have 'just the one' drink when we’re feeling stressed.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
FASD Hub Australia - Meet Dr Hayley Passmore: Reframe Training
After the Banksia Hill Project uncovered high rates of FASD and severe neurodevelopmental impairments in young people in detention, researchers at the Telethon Kids Institute developed Reframe Training - a course to help professionals coming into contact with these young people understand their needs and respond appropriately.
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Charlotte Winder - People with FASD talk about FASD
Eight interviewees share their thoughts about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder with the Guelph Wellington Dufferin FASD Action Group.
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PA Care Partnership - Improving Outcomes by Modifying Approaches for Those with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
This training builds on the first FASD training provided. Due to the brain damage caused by prenatal alcohol exposure, which spans the intellectual spectrum, evidence-based practices that rely on verbal interactions and reward and consequence approaches such as point, level, and privilege systems, are often not successful with them and set them up to fail.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 3, Episode 5 - Education: Insights From The Professionals
This week we're chatting to Ailsa: teacher, FASD Education Advisor and Mum to get her insights on how educators manage neurodiverse classrooms and what she has learned from parenting and homeschooling a child with FASD.
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PA Care Partnership - Improving Outcomes by Recognizing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
When an individual “fails” in treatment and other services, we often label the person as being non-compliant, unmotivated, or disruptive. However, their behavior may well be due to brain damage caused by prenatal alcohol exposure, which is much more common than most people suspect.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 3, Episode 4 - Education: Things Everyone Needs To Know About FASD And Education
In this weeks episode we cover some of what we consider to be the most important things teachers and education professionals need to know about FASD in an education setting.
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The Change Starts Here Collaborative - Homeschooling + FASD
Welcome to our channel!  We are a new Collaborative working together to serve families of kids with neurodiversity.  Connect with us!
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CUPH - Interview with Dr. David Wargowski, MD @ diagnosing FASD
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FASD Hub Scotland - Factsheets – FASD
These resources will be added to regularly please check back for updates, if you can’t find what you are looking for here please feel free to call the helpline and speak to one of the FASD Advisors.
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Proof Alliance - 2021 Proof Alliance Virtual Benefit
Join us as we celebrate and highlight recent advances in our work to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and support all impacted throughout Minnesota and beyond.
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The FASD Success Show - #066 Dr. Catherine Lebel: New INFO on FASD and the Brain
Today I am stoked to have a returning guest, Dr. Catherine Lebel. We get down to science today. But don't worry, I help make this accessible.  We are talking about a recent FASD research paper she wrote and a current study she is working on.
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Health Translations - Alcohol and pregnancy - what you need to know
This document is available in English as well as in languages other than English. Links to the English and multilingual resources can be accessed further below. To download information click on the selected language. This will take you directly to the resource.
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Blackpool Better Start (UK) - Be Your Baby’s Hero – Keep Alcohol at Zero
A new Super Babies campaign has been launched in Blackpool to raise awareness of the dangers of drinking alcohol during pregnancy. The campaign, which features four super-babies, highlights the benefits that an un-born baby gets when it isn’t exposed to alcohol.
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RESEARCH
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin - Review of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a preventable, lifelong disability that disproportionately affects Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. This review provides a comprehensive synthesis of the available information on FASD among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with reference to the limitations on population-based data and evaluated programs.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - The frequency of severe Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in the neonatal period using data from the French hospital discharge database between 2006 and 2013
This study provides the first national estimate of neonatal diagnosis of FAS, and more broadly pFASD, in France. Although our data certainly underestimate the real prevalence of FASD, they provide a minimal estimate of the burden of alcohol use during pregnancy.
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Biological Psychiatry - Corticostriatal circuit models of cognitive impairments induced by fetal exposure to alcohol
The term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) includes a group of diseases caused by fetal alcohol exposure (FAE). FASD patients display heterogenous socio-emotional and cognitive deficits, particularly in the domain of executive function, which share symptoms with other neuropsychiatric disorders.
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Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Sleep problems among children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)- an explorative study
The results support the clinical observation that sleep disorders appear to be an important health problem in individuals with FASD. In particular distorted sleep architecture and apneic/hypopneic events need further attention.
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The FASEB Journal - Altered Developmental Programming in a Dual Model of Maternal and Paternal Alcohol Consumption
According to the CDC, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. This definition places the fault for FASD-associated mental and physical defects exclusively on the mother.
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Child Neuropsychology - Measurement of neurodevelopmental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in Ukrainian preschool children
To examine the potential of a nonverbal battery in early identification of cognitive problems in alcohol-exposed children, 291 prospectively identified Ukrainian children were evaluated using a test battery focusing on early executive functioning (EF) and visuospatial skills, areas of cognitive development particularly sensitive to PAE in older children.
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Behavioural Brain Research - Effects of postnatal ethanol exposure and maternal separation on mood, cognition and hippocampal arborization in adolescent rats
Ethanol exposure and early life stress during brain development are associated with an increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders.
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Wellcome Open Research - Risk messages relating to fertility and pregnancy: a media content analysis
Frequent science-based risk messages in the UK media frame mothers as vectors of potential harm to children, who are the focus of health outcomes. Largely, the media does not introduce misinformation, but reports press releases faithfully with additional caveats and expert commentary.
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The FASEB Journal - Epigenetic Toxicity: Preconception Paternal Alcohol Exposure and the Programming of Offspring Birth Defects
Paternally inherited alterations in epigenetic programming are emerging as a relevant factor in numerous developmental disorders. Despite the exclusive association of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) with maternal drinking, research from our lab indicates that paternal alcohol use is a relevant factor in this debilitating condition.
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Neuronal Cell Culture - Fetal Brain Injury Models of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Examination of Neuronal Morphologic Condition Using Sholl Assay
The lack of a convenient in vitro human neuronal model to study alcohol-induced neurodegenerative diseases, such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), prompted us to develop human neuronal culture and in vitro human FAS model by incubating cells with physiologically relevant EtOH concentration (50 mM).
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udiMundus - Substance use, mental health and dual disorders on pregnancy: results of prevalence and treatment rates in a developed country
Smoking and substance use during pregnancy are major preventable causes of mortality and morbidity, having a bidirectional and deleterious relationship with the mental health of the mother and child.
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Women's Mood Disorders - Substance Use Disorders in Pregnancy and Lactation
Women use substances and, for some, this use continues during pregnancy. It is not uncommon for women with substance use disorders to have a co-occurring mental health condition.
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The FASEB Journal - Prenatal alcohol exposure causes structural and functional cardiac defects, which can be prevented with folate supplementation
Increased regurgitant blood flow has been linked to endocardial cushion defects and resultant congenital heart diseases (CHDs). Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has been shown to alter early blood flow resulting in abnormal endocardial cushions and CHDs.
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Global Pediatric Health - The Burden of Adverse Neonatal Outcome among Antenatal Substance Users in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Substances mainly khat, alcohol and cigarette are used during pregnancy in Ethiopia. However, to this date, there is no pooled evidence about the burden of adverse neonatal outcomes among the substance users during pregnancy in the country.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Changes in alcohol consumption during pregnancy and over the transition towards parenthood
Further awareness of the risks associated with male-partner drinking could provide substantial public health benefits. Successful facilitation and implementation of interventions and harm reduction strategies for harmful drinking over the pre- to postnatal period could benefit from further consideration of socioeconomic status and education level, particularly for men.
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Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research - Partner influence as a factor in maternal alcohol consumption and depressive symptoms, and maternal effects on infant neurodevelopmental outcomes
Partner influence is an important contributor to prenatal alcohol use and maternal depressive symptoms, over and above the effect of SES. The significant paths from prenatal alcohol exposure to infant neurodevelopmental outcomes underscore the importance of partner influence during pregnancy.
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IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Oslo Universitetssykehus (Norway) - Nytt magasin om Føtalt Alkohol Spektrum forstyrrelser
Magasinet er rettet mot både fagpersoner og foreldre, og inneholder artikler om utredning/diagnose og hvilke tiltak som kan være til hjelp, samt intervju med foreldre til barn med FASD.
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AssoCareNews (Italy) - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): sensibilizzazione ed educazione sanitaria alla gestante
Presentiamo oggi uno studio sul tema “The Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): sensibilizzazione ed educazione sanitaria alla gestante”.
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FASD Netzwerk Nordbayern e.V. (Germany) - Wanderausstellung "ZERO!"
Die ersten zehn Monate eines Babys, wie es sich entwickelt und zu einem lebensfähigen Menschen wird, sind etwas ganz Besonderes.
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Thursday, May 27, 2021

Alcohol News - 21/2021

Elemental - Alcohol Is the Enemy of the Bipolar Brain
As a former mental health nurse and recovering alcoholic, I write a lot about alcohol use and mental health. To my mind, not enough has been done to educate the general public about the dangers of alcohol use combined with mental illness.
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Dominican Today (Dominican Republic) - New measures: alcohol consumption in stores and public spaces ends at 5:00 p.m. throughout the week
Among the new measures to control the resurgence of COVID-19 affecting Greater Santo Domingo, the authorities ordered restrictions on the sale of alcohol for consumption in businesses and public spaces.
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WHO Europe - 5 facts about alcohol and cancer
This factsheet provides five important facts for policy makers, health professionals and the general public about the links between alcohol consumption and a range of cancer types.
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Helsinki Times (Finland) - Survey: Over 25% of Finns concerned about alcohol use of loved one
MORE THAN ONE IN FOUR Finns have been worried about the alcohol use of a family member or another loved one in the past 12 months, indicates a survey commissioned by the Finnish Association for Substance Abuse Prevention (EHYT).
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USA Today - ‘Gray area’ drinking is not a medical diagnosis, but experts say it can still be a problem. What is it and what are the signs?
Teuscher is now nine years sober, but she wished she could have recognized the signs of her unhealthy relationship with alcohol years before it spiraled out of control.
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Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Alcohol consumption plummeted by almost 20% in first three months of 2021
The amount of alcohol consumed in the first quarter of this year was down substantially on the same period in 2020.
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Medscape - The End of Happy Hour? No Safe Level of Alcohol for the Brain
There is no safe amount of alcohol consumption for the brain; even moderate drinking adversely affects brain structure and function, according a British study of more 25,000 adults.
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MedicalXpress - No such thing as safe alcohol consumption, study says
A new study from the University of Oxford concluded that drinking alcohol had affected the brain's gray matter area, "important bits where information is processed," according to the study's lead author, Anya Topiwala.
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Anadolu Agency - OECD report sheds light on human, economic cost of alcohol consumption
Diseases and injuries from alcohol consumption above 1 to 1.5 drinks per day lead to medicinal costs that equal about 2.4% of total health expenditure each year, according to a report released by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on Wednesday.
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Alcohol Justice (USA) - Government Under the Influence of the Spirits Industry
Alcohol Justice, the San Rafael, California-based alcohol industry watchdog and the California Alcohol Policy Alliance (CAPA) are charging the California Legislature with being under the influence of restaurants, bars and the alcohol spirits industry.
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Magnet (Australia) - Australians still dim about demon drink
One in five Australians are still ignorant of the harms caused by drinking alcohol, with young people especially oblivious to the risks, survey results show.
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Irish Mirror (Ireland) - 'There's a danger that drinking has got much worse during Covid lockdowns'
The word “spike” has become ­so familiar to us in the last year due to spikes in Covid-19 ­infections and admissions to hospitals. But there have been other ones running in parallel – spikes in alcohol deaths.
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Scotsman (Scotland) - Scots have 'head in the sand' attitude towards risks of alcohol consumption and bowel cancer, says charity
Around 3,700 people a year die from alcohol-related causes in Scotland according to most recent data, and people must become more aware of the risk factors and mitigations, said Alcohol Focus Scotland.
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FirstPost - Colorectal cancer: Avoid red meat and alcohol consumption as they may increase risk
Ever since the COVID-19 pandemic has hit the world, people are giving more attention to their health, lifestyle, and choices. Among the many diseases that have brought fear in people, colorectal cancer (CRC) is one that currently needs urgent attention.
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Thursday, May 20, 2021

Alcohol News - 20/2021

OECD - Governments should step up their efforts to tackle harmful alcohol consumption
Investing in policies to reduce harmful alcohol consumption would save millions of lives. The economic benefits of putting them in place would also be much higher than the costs, according to a new OECD report.
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CNN - Drinking any amount of alcohol causes damage to the brain, study finds
There is no such thing as a "safe" level of drinking, with increased consumption of alcohol associated with poorer brain health, according to a new study.
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Study Finds - Drinking alcohol can cause immediate heart rhythm problems in people with AFib
When it comes to alcohol, doctors continue to find there’s a fine line between how much is good or bad for the heart.
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Business Tech (South Africa) - A lobby group wants these 10 alcohol restrictions during South Africa’s third wave
The South African Alcohol Policy Alliance (Saapa) has called on the government to restrict alcohol sales and advertising in South Africa as part of the fight against the third wave of Covid-19 in the country.
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SciTechDaily - Red Meat Intake, Heavier Alcohol Use, and Poor Education Linked to Colorectal Cancer
A new paper in JNCI Cancer Spectrum, published by Oxford University Press, indicates that several non-genetic factors — including greater red meat intake, lower educational attainment, and heavier alcohol use — are associated with an increase in colorectal cancer in people under 50.
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New York Post (USA) - Proposed NY law would lower state blood alcohol limit to .05
New York could become just the second state in the US to lower its legal blood alcohol limit to from .08 to .05 under a proposed new bill — a move its advocates say would save countless lives.
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660 News (Canada) - More Canadians leaning on drugs, alcohol to push through pandemic: survey
Are Canadians okay? More than a year into the pandemic, a new survey finds we’re relying on drugs and alcohol to get us through our days more than usual.
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Nordic Roads (Norway) - Half of e-scooter riders in Oslo have driven while under the influence of alcohol
43 percent of e-scooter riders rode with a blood alcohol-level above the legal limit and they see it as unlikely to be stopped in alcohol control.
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Addiction Proffesional - Instagram, Snapchat Linked with Increased Alcohol Use by New College Students
Exposure to alcohol-related content on social media platforms has been linked with an increase in alcohol consumption by college students, according to new research released this week by Loyola Marymount University.
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EWN (South Africa) - ALCOHOL IS A MAJOR CONTRIBUTOR TO ASSAULT CASES IN SA, SAYS CELE
Police Minister Bheki Cele says alcohol abuse is the albatross around the South African Police Service's neck.
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SW Londoner (UK) - Charity calls on Government to act after alcohol-related deaths reach record high
A leading national alcohol charity has called on the Government to react and move quickly to tackle rising numbers of alcohol-related deaths.
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MedicalXpress - Alcohol problems are severely undertreated, researchers report
Some 16 million Americans are believed to have alcohol use disorder, and an estimated 93,000 people in the U.S. die from alcohol-related causes each year. Both of those numbers are expected to grow as a result of heavier drinking during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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PharmacoEconomics - What are the Economic Costs to Society Attributable to Alcohol Use?
If all cost components were to be considered, the economic costs of alcohol consumption would amount to 1306 international dollars (Int$) per adult (95% confidence interval 873–1738), 1872 Int$ per drinker (95% CI 1279–2466), or equivalent to 2.6% (95% CI 2.0–3.1%) of the gross domestic product.
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Sunday, May 16, 2021

FASD News - 19/2021

Government of Western Australia (Australia) - Mental Health Commission awarded for outstanding campaigns
The Mental Health Commission has been named Advertiser of the Year 2020 at the 30th Campaign Brief Awards, recognising the success of its Think Mental Health, Alcohol.Think Again and Drug Aware programs in 2020.
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Times LIVE (South Africa) - Sindiwe Magona on writing 'When the Village Sleeps'
Years ago I read an article in The Echo (a local community newspaper) about a teen mom who said she'd deliberately maimed her unborn child for the higher grant that deformed babies receive.
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Nordic Welfare Centre - Support and follow-up for children exposed to alcohol and drugs before birth - in a Nordic perspective
The Nordic Welfare Center coordinates a Nordic project focusing on support and follow-up for children who have been exposed to alcohol and drugs during pregnancy.
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The Guardian (UK) - Pupils in England ‘waiting up to five years for special needs plan’
Children with special educational needs and disabilities face long delays and bureaucratic hurdles before getting extra support from local authorities in England, with those from better-off families able to pay for private services, according to a report by Ofsted.
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Kids Brain Health Network - Better Understanding the Needs of Families Living with FASD during the Pandemic and Beyond
Individuals living with neurodevelopmental disabilities and their families have faced additional challenges over the last year, ones that might extend beyond the pandemic. In response to this, KBHN Chief Scientific Officer Dr. James Reynolds and his PhD student Maude Champagne undertook a project to better understand the social support needs of families raising children and youth living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and how these needs have been impacted during the pandemic.
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CanFASD (Canada) - International Nurses Day 2021
Happy International Nurses Day! Today we celebrate nurses around the globe. Nurses and other health care staff have been on the frontlines of this pandemic over the past year. We’d like to take a moment to thank them for all that they’ve done to support Canadians through these difficult times.
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Croakey (Australia) - Prison is no place for a child: health, justice groups slam NT youth justice reforms
Leading Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous health and justice groups have condemned proposed Northern Territory youth justice reforms which they say flout the recommendations of the Don Dale Royal Commission and will see the number of Aboriginal children behind bars “skyrocket”.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
CanFASD - Student Spotlight: Emerging FASD Research in Canada
This webinar features three presentations from students and early career researchers working in the field of FASD.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 3, Episode 3 - Education: Reduced Hours & Part-Time Timetables
In this weeks episode we talk about the benefits of reduced hours during the typical school day and the potential of part-time timetables for children and young people living with FASD.  With Clare Devanney Glynn and Jessica Rutherford.
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John Howard Society - Ripples of Hope - Advocating & Supporting People with FASD
Through JHS Pacific's Speaker Series, we were joined by FASD experts, advocates, and people with personal experience to discuss how we can address stigma and provide support for people with FASD.
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Thrive Children's Centre - FASD: Strengths
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PA Care Partnership - Improving Outcomes by Recognizing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
When an individual “fails” in treatment and other services, we often label the person as being non-compliant, unmotivated, or disruptive. However, their behavior may well be due to brain damage caused by prenatal alcohol exposure, which is much more common than most people suspect.
Read more

Courthouse Libraries BC - Challenges of FASD for Legal Professionals
In this 1-hr presentation, Dr. Lori Cox from the Eastern Door Centre and Nogemag Healing Lodge outlines the challenges legal professionals face in working with people with FASD. Dr. Cox also provides tips for effective communication with clients with FASD.
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FASD Furfighters - WHAT WE DO
We are a team of pups that are spreading awareness about FASD, one of the leading developmental disabilities in the world. Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is 2.5 times more common than Autism.
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FASD Awareness - Layla's Life, My Words: An insight into the world of a child with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder by Shushma Jain
Shushma Jain sheds light on ‘invisible disabilities’ such as FASD, Cystic Fibrosis, anxiety, sensory processing disorder and attachment parenting. She reveals what strategies she uses to support her child and why she took the decision to home-educate her indefinitely last year.
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FASDHub Scotland - Miranda Eodanable, PhD research student Edinburgh University
Hi my name is Miranda and I am a PhD student at the University of Edinburgh.   I am carrying out research into Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder - known as FASD.
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FASDHub Scotland - Gemma speaking about parenting a child with FASD
Listen to adoptive mum Gemma speaking during the launch of the 2020 Adoption Barometer in September 2020.  Gemma openly and candidly speaks about her experience of parenting a child with FASD and the support she has received from FASD Hub Scotland and Adoption UK.
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Centre of Excellence for Womens Health - FASD Prevention: An Annotated Bibliography of Articles Published in 2020
An Annotated Bibliography of Articles Published in 2020. Each year Canada FASD Research Network (CanFASD) and CEWH compile published research articles related to FASD prevention from around the world.
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National FASD E-School - Welcome to our e-school
You’ll get access to cutting-edge information. You'll be connected with others who are at the forefront of learning about FASD.
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FASD Collective - Priority Issues Facing Youth with FASD
The FASD Collective is gathering input on the priority issues facing youth with FASD in Calgary and Area. The survey will take less than 5 minutes to complete and your responses will be anonymous.  Please share this survey, but try to limit responses to 2 - 3 per organization.
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FASD Success - #065 Talking Social Work, FASD and Parents Helping Parents
The episode this week is a chat with three cool and awesome advocates who are doing great things for caregivers and individuals with FASD. It may be in my home province of Ontario, but what they have to say and are doing can inspire and help where you are.
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RESEARCH
DocWire News - Prenatal Exposure And Child brain and mental Health (PEACH) study: protocol for a cohort study of children and youth with prenatal alcohol exposure
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which is caused by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), affects an estimated 4% of North Americans, and is the most common preventable cause of intellectual disability.
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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Objective assessment of alcohol consumption in early pregnancy using phosphatidylethanol: a cross‐sectional study
One in nineteen women consumed alcohol during early pregnancy with a high percentage not reporting this use to their obstetric care provider.
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Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - Substance use among women who are pregnant: Examining treatment completion by race and ethnicity
Substance use during pregnancy is a critical public health issue that affects both the mother and the fetus. While research has assessed racial differences in treatment completion among women who are pregnant for specific types of substances, few studies have evaluated treatment completion for a variety of substances.
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WORCESTER POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE - National FASD: Social Media Reimagined
It is important to look at the relationship dynamics between people with FASD and their supporting communities, who are also directly affected by these disorders. Along with affecting the lives of those diagnosed, these disorders also greatly impacts the lives of the caregivers and family members of those with FASD.
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Acta Ophthalmologica - Visual perception problems and quality of life in young adults with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Young adults with FASD in the present study had more VPPs and worse VRQoL and HRQoL than healthy controls. In the FASD group, VPPs were reported in childhood as well as in early adulthood.
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Alcohol - Developmental ethanol exposure causes central nervous system dysfunction and may slow the aging process in a Drosophila model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Alcohol is a known teratogen, and developmental exposure to ethanol results in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Children born with FASD can exhibit a range of symptoms including low birth weight, microcephaly, and neurobehavioral problems.
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European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - Assessing the needs of caregivers of children and adolescents with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Results from a survey among families and professionals in Germany
The results of the present study indicate that FASD caregivers are supported insufficiently, while most of their needs remain unmet. Health care planners and providers thus urgently need to identify and implement measures to better address FASD caregivers’ needs and demands.
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Europe PMC - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders-diagnosis, prognosis, and prevention
Besides health promotion and education of the general population, the knowledge transfer to doctors and other medical, psychological, and pedagogical professionals is of particular relevance.
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Paediatrics - Prenatal Exposure And Child brain and mental Health (PEACH) study: protocol for a cohort study of children and youth with prenatal alcohol exposure
This project will forge new understanding of FASD and mental health from a neurobiological perspective, highlighting key time periods (ie, sensitive windows) and brain regions (ie, that may be susceptible to neurostimulation), while identifying factors that predict individual trajectories of anxiety and depression symptoms.
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Creighton University - What is the effectiveness of sensory- and motor-based activities on improving sensory, motor, and executive functioning of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs)?
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) impact approximately 2-5% of 6-7 year olds in the United States, affecting their executive functioning, sensory, and motor regulation.
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BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health - Preconception alcohol consumption and risk of miscarriage in over 4.5 million Chinese women aged 20–49 years
Preconception alcohol consumption was associated with higher odds of miscarriage, and an increasing risk was found with paternal and maternal alcohol drinking. Periconception alcohol abstinence was inversely associated with miscarriage.
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Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research - Effects of advanced maternal age and acute prenatal alcohol exposure on mouse offspring growth and craniofacial phenotype
Our results indicate that maternal age modulates the effects of PAE, but that the effects of this combination on offspring outcomes is more complex than simply scaling the effects of either factor.
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Maternal and Child Health Journal - Pre-pregnancy and Prenatal Alcohol use Among American Indian and Alaska Native and Non-Hispanic White Women: Findings from PRAMS in Five States
Factors associated with prenatal alcohol use differ between AI/AN women and NHW women, suggesting the need for tailored interventions.
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Maternal and Child Health Journal - Pregnancy and Binge Drinking: An Intersectionality Theory Perspective Using Veteran Status and Racial/Ethnic Identity
Intersectionality Theory suggests that the stressors from membership in two vulnerable groups may lead to increased disparities. The results of this study highlight the unique experience of being a veteran and identifying as a member of a racial/ethnic minority group.
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Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research - Effects of advanced maternal age and acute prenatal alcohol exposure on mouse offspring growth and craniofacial phenotype
Our results indicate that maternal age modulates the effects of PAE, but that the effects of this combination on offspring outcomes is more complex than simply scaling the effects of either factor.
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IN OTHER LANGUAGES
NDR (Germany) - Fetales Alkoholsyndrom: Der lange Weg zur Diagnose
Bei Familie Böttcher zu Hause ist es meistens laut. Ihre Pflegesöhne sind oft aufbrausend und wütend, können sich nur schlecht auf eine Sache konzentrieren.
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ORF on Science (Germany) - Wie sehr Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft schadet
Wenn Schwangere Alkohol trinken, kann das schwere Folgen für das ungeborene Kind haben: lebenslange, teils schwere Behinderungen. Jedes Glas ist eines zu viel, warnen Expertinnen und Experten. Sie fordern mehr Aufklärungsarbeit.
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CAIRN.info (France) - Syndrome d’alcoolisation fœtale et troubles causés par l’alcoolisation fœtale
Le Syndrome d’Alcoolisation Fœtale (SAF) est l’expression la plus sévère de ce que l’on appelle les Troubles Causés par l’Alcoolisation Fœtale (TCAF), soit l’ensemble des troubles potentiellement causés chez un individu par la consommation d’alcool par la mère durant sa grossesse.
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SuchtpraeventionBE (Germany) - Bin traurig, dass meine Mutter getrunken hat
Alle Beeinträchtigungen auf Grund des Alkoholkonsums werden unter dem Kürzel "FASD“ (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder) zusammengefasst. In vielen Fällen manifestiert sich FASD in Merk- und Lernschwierigkeiten, Sprechstörungen, Hyperaktivität und Impulsivität.
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Thursday, May 13, 2021

Alcohol News - 19/2021

People (USA) - To-Go Alcohol Orders from Restaurants and Bars Made Permanently Legal in Texas
House Bill 1024 allows beer, wine and alcoholic drinks to be included in pickup and delivery food orders from establishments with mixed-beverage permits and on-site kitchens.
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MedicineNet - Alcohol Is No Friend to Social Distancing
Maintaining adequate social distance from strangers — a key COVID-19 preventive measure — can be tough when you're drinking alcohol, researchers say.
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BBC (UK) - Alcohol deaths highest for 20 years in England and Wales
Alcohol killed more people in 2020 in England and Wales than in any of the previous 20 years, official data shows.
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DATAC (Canada) - Alberta court upholds random drug and alcohol testing
The Alberta Court of Queen’s Bench has recently issued a decision on Phillips v. Westcan Bulk Transport Ltd, upholding a non-unionized employer’s use of random drug and alcohol testing in Alberta for safety sensitive positions.
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Daily Mail (UK) - It's the return of the booze cruise as British tourists can get cut-price alcohol and perfume in Europe from next week
British tourists will be able to enjoy tax-free shopping in Europe for the first time from Monday. Those buying alcohol, perfume, fashion and technology in the EU will be able to claim more than a fifth off the purchase price thanks to Brexit.
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The Irish Times (Ireland) - Taoiseach appeals to North to align with State on minimum unit pricing for alcohol
The Northern Ireland Executive has seven months to consider the introduction of minimum unit pricing (MUP) for alcohol at the same time as the Republic, according to Taoiseach Micheál Martin.
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Newstalk (New Zealand) - Chlöe Swarbrick: Alcohol advertisement ban will reduce glamorisation, härm
Green Party MP Chloe Swarbrick has drafted a member's bill which would seek to ban alcohol advertisements.
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Metro - My mother’s alcohol abuse gave me a real distrust of social drinkers
During university, it seemed like my peers felt it impossible to enjoy the stench and sticky floors of nightclubs without drowning themselves in snakebite and vodka doubles.
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Newstalk - THE DAMAGING RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WOMEN AND ALCOHOL
We take a closer look at the damaging relationship between women and alcohol in this country with Dr Orla Crosbie, Consultant Gastroenterologist with CUH and Samantha Kelly, CEO of Women’s Inspire Network and recovering alcoholic.
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Politicshome (UK) - Ministers must face up to the addiction crisis and its devastating consequences
The huge increase in alcohol related deaths is one of the worst consequences of the Covid-related mental health emergency. Without action, many more could pay a tragic price.
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European Parliamentary Research Service (EU) - Alcohol labelling [Policy Podcast]
In its Europe's Beating Cancer plan, published in February 2021, the European Commission suggests several actions concerning alcoholic beverages.
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OECD - New OECD report on harmful alcohol consumption launches Wednesday 19 May 2021
Alcohol can be a source of individual pleasure and social enjoyment, and its production and trade represent an important part of the economy in many countries. Harmful alcohol consumption, however, ranks among the leading causes of death and disability worldwide.
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Inside Wales Sport (France) - In France, obesity and alcohol-related illnesses have been reported in a study
The study was made public at the European Congress on Obesity (10–13 May). According to one study, obesity and alcohol-related chronic diseases, including cirrhosis or heart disease, may increase significantly in France by 2030 if nothing is done to prevent the disease.
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Daily Mail (UK) - Pubs will NOT be forced to list calories on booze! Government drops obesity-busting plan to put health warnings on alcohol due to industry 'on its knees'
The Government has ditched plans to force pubs to list calories in drinks as part of a drive to tackle Britain's obesity crisis, Downing Street has confirmed.
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Thursday, May 6, 2021

Alcohol News - 18/2021

BBC (UK) - Alcohol deaths highest for 20 years in England and Wales
Alcohol killed more people in 2020 in England and Wales than in any of the previous 20 years, official data shows.
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BBC (Ireland) - Republic of Ireland to push ahead with alcohol minimum pricing
The Republic of Ireland's cabinet is expected to push ahead with alcohol minimum unit pricing, despite opposition from retailers.
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Futurity - SOME PARENTS ARE LAX ABOUT ALCOHOL WHEN TEENS HIT PUBERTY EARLY
Parents of teens who go through puberty early may be more lenient when it comes to letting them drink alcohol, according to a new study.
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DW (Turkey) - Turkey bans alcohol sales as coronavirus pandemic measure
As Turkey begins a strict three-week lockdown, many people are particularly angry about a nationwide ban on alcohol sales. Dissidents say the measure has nothing to do with the pandemic and fear a long-term prohibition.
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The Times (France) - How we gave up alcohol — despite France’s teetotaller taboo
When two French writers both published books about giving up alcohol, the reaction in France was incredulity. Then they discovered a subculture of secret non-drinkers shamed into silence by their country’s wine-lovers – including their president.
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Irish Examiner - Why women's love affair with booze is killing them
I read the fourth Health Research Board (HRB) overview on the alcohol situation in Ireland (Alcohol consumption, alcohol-related harm and alcohol policy in Ireland, 2021) with enthusiasm, wondering if it would or could possibly surprise me in any way.
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ABC (Australia) - Woolworths has abandoned its plan for a Dan Murphy’s in Darwin. But is that the end of the story?
Liquor giant Dan Murphy's likes to spruik the story of its namesake. "One man built his reputation on a handshake," the company says in promotional material.
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Stuff (New Zealand) - Intoxicated patients a risk to all in emergency room, senior clinician says
Intoxicated patients are putting pressure on emergency rooms and are a risk to themselves, staff and other patients, a clinical lead says.
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Daily Record (Scotland) - Minimum price of alcohol in Scotland should increase to 65p, say campaigners
A campaign group who work to reduce alcohol harm in Scotland have called for the minimum price to be upped to 65p per unit.
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The Daily Blog (New Zealand) - Kiwis Want Bigger Fines For Drunk And Disorderly Behaviour
Almost three-quarters (74%) of New Zealanders support tougher penalties for drunk and disorderly behaviour according to industry research. Furthermore, nearly two-thirds (65%) support on-the-spot fines minor alcohol-related offences, says the NZ Alcohol Beverages Council (NZABC).
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Alcoholism Drug Abuse Weekly - The effect of pandemic‐related alcohol marketing: No data yet
The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) has a page devoted to updates on state alcohol policies adopted in response to the pandemic, but it has no information on the effects of these policies, which include expanded home delivery, curbside pickup, to‐go cocktails and more.
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Movendi (Sweden) - Alcohol-Related Cancer Causes 1500 Deaths
Alcohol caused 1500 cancer deaths in Sweden in 2019. Despite the high rate of harm, Swedes remain largely unaware of alcohol’s cancer risk.
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Oman Observer (Oman) - Alcohol cause of one in 20 deaths
Alcohol kills three million people worldwide each year — more than AIDS, violence and road accidents combined, the World Health Organization said on Friday, adding that men are particularly at risk.
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Alcohol Health Alliance (UK) - AHA responds to highest alcohol death figures for England and Wales in 20 years
There were 7,423 alcohol-specific deaths last year – a rise of 20% from 2019, according to the latest data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS).
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SHAAP (Scotland) - Scottish Parliament election 2021- what do the manifestos say about alcohol?
Ahead of this year’s election to the Scottish Parliament, SHAAP has analysed the policy proposals on alcohol put forward in each of the main political parties’ election manifestos.
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Sunday, May 2, 2021

FASD News - 17/2021

Maple Ridhe News (Canada) - More supports ‘urgently’ needed for those living with FASD
Those living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, FASD, face a future with little support, and a lack of understanding that is rife with racist assumptions.
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CBC (Canada) - Spike in young adult drinking raises alarm at N.B.'s fetal alcohol centre
Annette Cormier has a habit of thinking nine months out when she looks at behaviour patterns today. So when new research from UNB suggests a third of young adults in New Brunswick are drinking more during the pandemic, she asks herself: How many are women who don't yet know they're pregnant and the harm that can result?
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Essential Baby - Why dads-to-be should put down the beer: Alcohol before conception found to increase birth defect risk
Bad news for men hoping to become dads: new research has found a potential link between paternal preconception drinking and a higher risk of birth defects.
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New Era Newspaper (Namibia) - Dashed hopes, damaged lives … drinking while pregnant puts babies at risk
Of all children assessed for disability in the Erongo region, 25% were found with disabilities more likely related to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), a medical expert has said.
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USA Today - Two or more of these risk factors during pregnancy may increase a child's risk of mental health problems years later, study says
Doctors have long known that unplanned pregnancies in women with certain chronic health problems and exposure in the womb to substances like drugs and alcohol can lead to a child's increased risk for psychiatric or behavioral problems.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
The FASD Project – The Film
The FASD Project is a grass roots movement and documentary film bringing awareness to the invisible disability that is FASD.  1 in 20 Americans are impacted by FASD with little to no support readily available.
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Surrey Place - FASD Workshop - Central Region
FASD workers Eric Marier, Tara Leskey, Meera Sidhu, Jennie Hilts, Ginny Fazari and Jenna Rimmer will present information about the ten brain domains that may be affected by FASD.
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Health Nexus Santé - FASD: A Shared Responsibility - Promotional webinar
Health Nexus is pleased to announce the upcoming launch of our new FASD Service Provider Training!
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Surrey Place - FASD Workshop - Northern Region
FASD workers Eric Marier, Randy White/Kebeyaawsung, Chrysta Wood, Cereena Rows, Liane Guenette, and Kim Stewart will present information about the ten brain domains that may be affected by FASD.
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Surrey Place - FASD Workshop - Eastern Region
FASD workers Eric Marier, Dawn Miller and Victoria Gillan present information about the ten brain domains that may be affected by FASD.
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Accare Child Study Center - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders FASD (13 apr 2021)
Alcoholgebruik tijdens de zwangerschap kan tot ernstige schade leiden bij het ongeboren kind. Helaas gebeurt het nog vaak dat, bijvoorbeeld omdat een zwangerschap niet gepland is, de moeder tijdens de eerste periode gedronken heeft omdat zij zich nog niet bewust was van haar zwanger zijn.
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Qualified Tutor - Schools don’t work for children with FASD. Here’s how tutors can help out
Jessica Rutherford and Clare Devanney-Glynn are the pioneering hosts of the Spotlight on FASD Podcast (https://podcasts.apple.com/gb/podcast...​) and we welcome them on to discuss this condition in the sphere of education.
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AlcoholFreePregnancy - NOFAS Webinar: Putting the Pieces Together: Using Genes to Understand Variation in FASD
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OhioMHAS - Treatment, Advocacy and Resources for FASD
Video recording of webinar titled Treatment, Advocacy and Resources for FASD
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AlcoholFreePregnancy - Full Interview: NOFAS and NABCA Project, Featuring Steven Schmidt
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FASDHub Scotland - Adults with FASD intro
We are delighted to be working with Carol and Demi to establish an online community within Facebook for Adults with FASD living in Scotland.
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Lutherwood - FASD & Educational Accommodations
Individuals that are diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder face many challenges at home, in the community, and in the classroom.
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The Change Starts Here Collaborative - 10-Minute Training on FASD
If you want to learn more about FASD check out our site on this topic that includes resources and courses:
www.thecshcollab.com/fasd
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MUCH LAUGHTER - Alcohol in Pregnancy and FASD
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Jason Palmer - FASD Hope in Foster Care with Natalie Veccione
Natalie Vecchione, Co-Founder of FASD Hope and Host of the FASD Hope podcast series is also a seasoned guest and conference presenter about the basics of FASD and life as a mom of a young adult son living an FASD.
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National FASD - Welcome to our e-school
All courses follow the Best Practice in FASD Training Guide developed by National FASD and Seashell as part of a DHSC-funded project. The guide is available in the resources section.
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NIAAA - Interagency Coordinating Committee on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - April 2021
Interagency Coordinating Committee on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (ICCFASD) (open to the public)
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RESEARCH
BMJ Open - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder resources for educators working within primary school settings: a scoping review protocol
Many children affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) exhibit neurocognitive delays that contribute to secondary consequences, including a disrupted school experience.
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Journal of Public Health - Measuring and understanding public awareness of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in Alberta, Canada
The FASD Survey is a promising instrument to evaluate public awareness of FASD but it needs further improvement to make valid conclusions about FASD awareness.
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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Polymorphisms in SLC44A1 are associated with cognitive improvement in children diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: an exploratory study of oral choline supplementation
These SLC44A1 variants were previously associated with greater vulnerability to choline deficiency. Our data potentially support the use of choline supplements to improve cognitive function in individuals diagnosed with FASD who carry these effect alleles.
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Frontiers in Public Health - Policy Requirements for the Prevention and Management of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in South Africa: A Policy Brief
This policy brief is aimed to guide policymakers in developing a comprehensive and multi-sectoral policy for the prevention and management of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
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Scientific Reports - Investigating the effects of chronic perinatal alcohol and combined nicotine and alcohol exposure on dopaminergic and non-dopaminergic neurons in the VTA
The ventral tegmental area (VTA) is the origin of dopaminergic neurons and the dopamine (DA) reward pathway.
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iScience - Cell-type and fetal-sex-specific targets of prenatal alcohol exposure in developing mouse cerebral cortex
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) results in cerebral cortical dysgenesis. Single-cell RNA sequencing was performed on murine fetal cerebral cortical cells from six timed pregnancies, to decipher persistent cell- and sex-specific effects of an episode of PAE during early neurogenesis.
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DSpace/Manakin Repositoorium - Children born to substance abusing mothers
In our world today, we are facing an increase in mental health awareness. A major topic in this category is babies being born to addicted mothers. Children born to these mothers are entered into this world already needing help.
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Bone - Pravastatin ameliorated osteoarthritis susceptibility in male offspring rats induced by prenatal ethanol exposure
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a disease associated with a disorder of cholesterol metabolism. Our previous studies showed that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) caused cholesterol accumulation in articular cartilage and increased the susceptibility to OA in offspring.
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Maternal and Child Health Journal - Improved Maternal and Infant Outcomes with Serial, Self-Reported Early Prenatal Substance Use Screening
We identified improved maternal and infant outcomes with serial early prenatal substance use screening. Early maternal substance use identification is crucial for immediate referral for prevention and treatment, and for social and community services.
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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Healthy preconception and early-pregnancy lifestyle and risk of preterm birth: a prospective cohort study
A healthy prenatal lifestyle with multiple low-risk modifiable factors was associated with lower risk of PTB. Our findings may inform multicomponent preconceptional or early-pregnancy prevention strategies to mitigate PTB risk.
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Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment - Developing a model of care for substance use in pregnancy and parenting services, Sydney, Australia: Service provider perspectives
A harm reduction approach was crucial for promoting engagement of women with SUPPS, particularly child protection services. A greater focus on providing ongoing community-based support for mothers also has the potential to achieve sustainable positive outcomes for women and children.
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JAMA Network - Association of Preconception Paternal Alcohol Consumption With Increased Fetal Birth Defect Risk
Maternal alcohol consumption is closely associated with alcohol-related birth defects and neurodevelopment,1 and therefore, it is widely recommended for women to quit consuming alcohol before and during pregnancy.
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PrePrints - How Prenatal Exposures Shape the Infant Brain: Insights from Infant Neuroimaging Studies
Brain development during the prenatal period is rapid and unparalleled by any other time during development. Biological systems undergoing rapid development are at higher risk for disorganizing influences.
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BMC Research Notes - Maternal drinking and smoking. Can it explain the exceptional academic performance of LBOTE children? A preliminary analysis
Although children from language backgrounds other than English (LBOTE) may be disadvantaged in English-reliant exams, they outperform children from an English language background (ELB) on many Australian National Assessment Program–Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) assessments.
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Development and Psychopathology - Maternal pre- and postnatal substance use and attachment in young children: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Maternal substance use has often been associated with insecure and disorganized child attachment. We evaluated this association with a meta-analysis of young children and, further, systematically reviewed mediating and moderating factors between maternal substance use and child attachment.
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Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare - Alcohol and illicit and non-medical prescription drug use before and during pregnancy in Stockholm, Sweden: a cross-sectional study
Approximately one in 25 women reported using alcohol and approximately one in 200 reported using illicit or non-medical prescription drugs while pregnant. Alcohol use during pregnancy may have decreased in Stockholm, Sweden.
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