Thursday, June 17, 2021

Alcohol News - 24/2021

WHO - Global action plan on alcohol: 1st draft
The harmful use of alcohol causes approximately 3 million deaths every year and the overall burden of disease and injuries attributable to alcohol consumption remains unacceptably high. The pace of development and implementation of alcohol policies has been uneven in WHO regions, and resources and capacities for implementation of the WHO Global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol 10 years after its endorsement do not correspond to the magnitude of the problems.
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BBC (Scotland) - Scottish alcohol sales drop to lowest level in 26 years
The amount of alcohol sold per person in Scotland last year fell to its the lowest level for 26 years. Public Health Scotland figures show 9.4 litres of pure alcohol were sold per adult in 2020, the equivalent of each adult in the country drinking 18 units a week.
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Medical News Today (Europe) - Europeans drank less alcohol in first months of the pandemic, survey shows
Researchers gathered data from almost 32,000 alcohol users from 21 European countries from late April to late July 2020. The responses indicated that drinking in Europe declined on average during these first months of the pandemic.
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Forbes (USA) - Alcohol Consumption In The United States Saw Its Most Significant Volume Gain In Almost Two Decades In 2020.
While 2020 saw unprecedented upheaval in Americans' lives, it did not slow their taste for alcohol. In fact, the year posted the largest volume gain in the US in nearly twenty years.
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Adirondack Daily Enterprise - Alcohol abuse and sexual assault and misconduct are closely connected
Sexual assault and alcohol are closely connected. A person who has consumed alcohol often finds their ability to think clearly and logically is impaired. Individuals become confused and incapacitated, and perpetrators take advantage of this.
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CNN - Alcohol beverage companies made an estimated $17.5 billion on underage drinking in 2016, study says
An estimated $17.5 billion of beer and liquor sales in the United States in 2016 was consumed by minors, with the products of three companies -- AB InBev, Molson Coors Beverage Co. and Diageo -- accounting for nearly 45% of underage youth consumption, a new study found.
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EurekAlert - Young adults' alcohol use increases when casually dating
When young adults are more interested in socializing and casually dating, they tend to drink more alcohol, according to a new paper led by a Washington State University professor.
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WebMD - Study: Want to Have a Baby? Mind Your Alcohol
Most women know that drinking alcohol during pregnancy can endanger the fetus before they know they’re pregnant and that there’s no established safe amount while pregnant.
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The Verge - YouTube is banning alcohol, gambling, and politics from its ‘most prominent’ ad slot
YouTube will no longer be accepting ads relating to alcohol, gambling, politics, or “prescription drug terms” for its masthead ad slot, which appears at the top of the website and app, Axios first reported.
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The Lancet - Alcohol-related harm during the COVID-19 pandemic
In 2020, deaths from alcohol-specific causes in England and Wales increased by almost 20% compared with 2019, according to the UK's Office for National Statistics; 80% of the alcohol-specific deaths were due to alcohol-related liver disease.
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Medical Xpress (Australia) - Young Australians and COVID-19: Increased depression, anxiety, but reduced alcohol-related härm
There was a significant increase in depression and anxiety symptoms for young Australians during COVID-19, but no greater help-seeking from mental health professionals, says a new report.
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Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Ireland kept on drinking during Covid — unlike most European states, where consumption fell
Ireland and the UK were outliers in Europe during the early phase of the Covid-19 pandemic when alcohol consumption declined in the majority of 21 countries surveyed, a new study has found.
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The Chronicle - Outrage at WHO’s call to prevent ‘child-bearing age’ women from drinking
The World Health Organisation has been accused of sexism after releasing a draft report that pushed for women of “child-bearing age” to be prevented from drinking alcohol.
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The Island (Sri Lanka) - Doctors oppose online sale of booze
The Sri Lanka Medical Association (SLMA) and the Government Medical Officers Association (GMOA) yesterday registered their opposition for a Finance Ministry decision to allow consumers to purchase liquor online through supermarket chains.
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Movendi International - Joint Event Report: Lessons For Alcohol Policy From the Coronavirus Crisis
On May 27, during the 74th session of the World Health Assembly, the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe, Movendi International, the NCD Alliance and the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) jointly organized a virtual event on the lessons learned about alcohol policy needs from the coronavirus crisis.
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Société canadienne du cancer (Canada) - Why Canadians affected by cancer are ditching alcohol
For some Canadians, drinking alcohol is part of their social life and can be a way to relax after a long day. In fact, 2 out of 10 Canadian adults drink alcohol daily. But did you know that drinking any type of alcohol raises your risk of developing cancer?
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Oncology Republic - Explain ‘how’ and ‘why’ to reduce alcohol consumption
A ‘why’ approach, such as educating consumers on the carcinogenic properties of alcohol, has long been considered superior to a ‘how’ approach, such as coaching consumers to resist peer pressure.
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Sunday, June 13, 2021

FASD News - 23/2021

The Conversation - #WineMom: Humour and empowerment or binge drinking and mental health challenges?
As fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) prevention researchers, we are increasingly interested in the growing popularity of this phenomenon and its portrayal on social media.
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EurekAlert - Partners play pivotal role in pregnant women's alcohol use and babies' development
A new study by a team of University of Rochester psychologists and other researchers in the Collaborative Initiative on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (CIFASD) finds that partners of mothers-to-be can directly influence a pregnant woman's likelihood of drinking alcohol and feeling depressed, which affects their babies' development.
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The Bury Times (UK) - New programme to support women who drink alcohol while pregnant launches in Bury
A NEW programme to support women who drink alcohol while pregnant is launching in Bury. The launch on Tuesday, June 1 2021 follows the successful implementation of the programme in the region last year.
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Burnham-On-Sea.com (UK) - Brean boy, 9, writes and publishes book to raise funds for health charity
A Brean youngster has written and published a new book to raise funds for a special cause close to his heart. Aston Tooker, 9, was diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in 2018, and is keen to raise awareness of the condition.
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BabyGaga (Ireland) - Ireland: One Of Top Countries For Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
New research shows that the rates of pregnant women presenting drug and alcohol addictions have been on the rise in recent years, with Ireland one of the leading countries for prenatal alcohol exposure.
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Emmaus Holder (USA) - FASD Across America
As the older brother of two boys with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, knowing the challenges it poses has motivated me to raise awareness for this disability and tell of the damage it can do. I will be riding my bike across the country, a 4,000-mile journey, to discuss the experiences of those with FASD, and caring for those with FASD.
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FASD Awareness - A Wobbly Day
Each day my daughter does the ‘calendar’. She made this herself with me. Why do I do this with her?
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WISHTV (USA) - Cyclist’s cross-country ride raises money for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
A 19-year-old student from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is riding his bike from North Carolina to Los Angeles to raise money and awareness for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
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CanFASD - #WineMoms in Research
As an FASD prevention and women’s health researcher, I have a particular interest in understanding women’s alcohol use. Since becoming involved in the field of FASD, I have been struck by the pervasiveness of alcohol in our society, from alcohol advertisements to television storylines and social media memes.
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Orchids - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Vision Problems
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is known to play a role in causing certain ophthalmological problems, including ptosis, refractive errors, strabismus, subnormal visual acuity, and optic nerve hypoplasia.
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Psychology Today - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Adoption
When I was in graduate school at the University of Rochester, I attended a colloquium by Marshall Schecter, a psychiatrist from nearby Syracuse.
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Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre (Australia) - New review of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder says more work is needed with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander families
The Alcohol and Other Drugs Knowledge Centre has published a Review of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. The review states that FASD is a preventable, lifelong disability.
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Science Media Centre - expert reaction to study looking at drinking alcohol and the chances of becoming pregnant
“The title of the press release reads that ‘women should avoid alcohol in second half of menstrual cycle’, but it then goes on to clarify this refers to those who are trying for a baby.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Child Care Answers - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in a Nutshell
Join us as we welcome Susan Elsworth with Indiana NOFAS. This session defines Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder(FASD) and explains the disorders on the spectrum and symptoms associated with FASD.
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SJ CHILDS SHOW - FASD Hope and Blazing New Homeschool Trails with Natalie Vecchione
What is FASD? Learn More in this Episode with Natalie Vecchione, Founder of the FASD Hope Foundation and Author of the New Book: Blazing New Homeschool Trails: Educating and Launching Teens with Developmental Disabilities.
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The Friend I Wish I Had - Discussing FASD and MID with Robbie Seale
n this episode, Robbie and I speak about FASD and MID. Robbie Seale is the podcast host of FASD Family Life. She shares her story about parenting children with FASD and she teaches us so much about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. We share and educate each other about the characteristics of these 'invisible disabilities'.
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AKCenterForResourceFamilies - FASD Across the Lifespan: Session 5 Middle School and Challenging Behaviors
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NHS - Making sense of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
This resource is for parents and carers of children and teenagers who have a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) to provide ideas and suggestions to help ensure that they have the best lives possible. This booklet refers to anyone who is caring for, or involved in the care of a child with FASD, as a parent or carer.
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FASD Family Life – A Message from the heart
Welcome to FASD Family Life the podcast where we get real about raising children and youth with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Robbie Seale, podcast host, is the mother of five amazing kids; four of whom were adopted and prenatally exposed to alcohol.
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RESEARCH
Cornell University - Detecting Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in children using Artificial Neural Network
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a syndrome whose only difference compared to other children's conditions is the mother's alcohol consumption during pregnancy. An earlier diagnosis of FASD improving the quality of life of children and adolescents.
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Disease Models & Mechanisms - Transcriptomic analyses of gastrulation-stage C57BL/6J and C57BL/6NHsd mouse embryos with differential susceptibility to alcohol
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are a serious public health concern, affecting approximately 5% of live births in the US. The more severe craniofacial and central nervous system malformations characteristic of FASD are caused by alcohol exposure during gastrulation (embryonic day 7 in mice; 3rd week of human pregnancy).
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BMJ Open - Prenatal Exposure And Child brain and mental Health (PEACH) study: protocol for a cohort study of children and youth with prenatal alcohol exposure
This project will forge new understanding of FASD and mental health from a neurobiological perspective, highlighting key time periods (ie, sensitive windows) and brain regions (ie, that may be susceptible to neurostimulation), while identifying factors that predict individual trajectories of anxiety and depression symptoms.
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American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - Prenatal alcohol-related alterations in maternal, placental, neonatal, and infant iron homeostasis
In this study, greater PAE was associated with an unfavorable profile of maternal-fetal iron homeostasis, which may play mechanistic roles in PAE-related ID later in infancy.
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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Individual and community-level predictors of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia: a multilevel logistic regression analysis
The study revealed that alcohol consumption during pregnancy is prevalent in Gondar town. Both individual- and community-level predictors were found to be associated with alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
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Brain Imaging and Behavior - Combining neuroimaging and behavior to discriminate children with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder with and without prenatal alcohol exposure
In many patients, ostensible idiopathic attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) may actually stem from covert prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), a treatment-relevant distinction.
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Drug and Alcohol Review - Predictors of alcohol use during pregnancy in Australian women
Results emphasise the importance of asking about special occasion drinking, the link between pre-pregnancy drinking and ongoing drinking during pregnancy, and the need to understand why women disagree with the national guideline.
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Current Developments in Nutrition - Fetal Alcohol Growth Restriction Is Not Attributable to Infant Feeding Practices in a Prospective Birth Cohort in Cape Town, South Africa
Infant feeding practices among heavy drinkers and controls were very similar in this low-SES cohort. Fetal alcohol growth restriction was not attributable to differences in infant feeding practices and is thus likely a teratogenic effect of PAE.
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Theseus.fi - The Risks of Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Use for the Fetus: Descriptive Literature Review
The aim of this thesis was to study the harmful effects of prenatal drug and alcohol use for the exposed fetus. The purpose was to conduct a literature review, and with it raise awareness of the risks of prenatal substance use.
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Current Developments in Nutrition - In a Preclinical Model of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure, an Iron Supplementation Intervention Reduces Anxiety-Like Behavior in Both Sexes and Improves Growth in Males
This work is the first to investigate gestational iron supplementation as an intervention for alcohol-exposed pregnancies. These results suggest iron supplementation may improve outcomes such as growth in males and anxiety in both sexes in alcohol-exposed populations.
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Pediatric Research - Prenatal alcohol exposure and adverse fetal growth restriction: findings from the Japan Environment and Children’s Study
Low-to-moderate alcohol consumption during pregnancy might affect fetal growth. Public health policies for pregnant women are needed to stop alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
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American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Heterogeneity in prenatal substance use screening despite universal screening recommendations: findings from PRAMS, 2016-2018
Our study finds that despite recommendations for universal prenatal substance use screening, there are differences in who is actually asked about substance use during prenatal care appointments.
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Human Reproduction - The association between alcohol intake and fecundability during menstrual cycle phases
Results suggest an inverse association between alcohol and fecundability, and support the relevance of menstrual cycle phases in this link.
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Research Square - Factors Inuencing Medical Students' Attitudes Towards Substance Use During Pregnancy
Our study shows that about 20% of surveyed medical students favoured punishing substance-using pregnant women. Awareness and training work seems to be necessary to ensure adequate care and support for this already vulnerable population.
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medRxiv - Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in Greater Manchester, UK: an active case ascertainment study
Despite high levels of prenatal alcohol exposure in the UK, evidence on the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is lacking. This paper reports on FASD prevalence in a small sample.
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Frontiers in Pharmacology - Patchouli Alcohol Modulates the Pregnancy X Receptor/Toll-like Receptor 4/Nuclear Factor Kappa B Axis to Suppress Osteoclastogenesis
The incidence of osteoporosis, which is primarily characterized by plethoric osteoclast (OC) formation and severe bone loss, has increased in recent years. Millions of people worldwide, especially postmenopausal women, suffer from osteoporosis.
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IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Schwarzwälder Bote (Germany) - Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft kann schlimme Folgen haben
Alkohol während der Schwangerschaft kann gravierende Folgen haben: Das Kind wird unter Umständen mit der Behinderung FASD geboren. Annette Hauer hat sich zur Fachfrau fortbilden lassen und will nun für das Thema sensibilisieren.
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Radio TOK FM (Poland) - Skutki picia alkoholu w ciąży mogą sięgać czterech pokoleń. "Nawet diagności mają problem z rozpoznaniem FAS"
Czasami picie w ciąży nie wywoła FAS, ale utworzy podatność na zmiany w kolejnych pokoleniach, która ujawni się nawet po spożyciu niewielkiej ilość alkoholu - tłumaczy dr Teresa Jadczak-Szumiło, psycholog i pedagog zajmująca się m.in. badaniem płodowego zespołu alkoholowego.
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Le Cronache Lucane (Italy) - FAD : corsi sul counselling telefonico e sulla Sindrome Feto-Alcolica
Formazione a distanza, ancora posti disponibili per i corsi sul counselling telefonico e sulla Sindrome Feto-Alcolica.
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Pädiatrie - Fetale Alkoholspektrumstörungen – Versorgung von Kindern und Jugendlichen
FASD ist laut statistischer Schätzung die häufigste bei Geburt bestehende chronische Erkrankung und geht mit erheblichen Einschränkungen der selbstständigen Alltags- und Lebensgestaltung einher.
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Ohne Alkohol mit Nathalie (Germany) - FASD – Schäden durch Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft
Wie viel Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft ist ok? Nichts. Nada. Niente. Zero. Wirklich. Warum nicht, das erfährst Du in diesem Video.
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Thursday, June 10, 2021

Alcohol News - 23/2021

SciTechDaily (USA) - Alcohol Companies Earn Billions From Underage Drinking
Underage youth consumed $17.5 billion worth, or 8.6 percent, of the alcoholic drinks sold in 2016. Products from three alcohol companies — AB Inbev, MillerCoors and Diageo — accounted for nearly half of youth consumption, according to a new study published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
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ERR News (Estonia) -  Study: Alcohol consumption, related deaths in 2020 up from prior year
Estonian residents in 2020 consumed 10.5 l of absolute alcohol per adult (15+), 1.7 percent up from the year prior. There were 108 more deaths directly related to alcohol, a study by the Estonian Institute of Economic Research shows.
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RTE (Ireland) - Alcohol addiction services 'woefully inadequate'
Alcohol Action Ireland has said that treatment facilities and services available for those with alcohol addiction issues are "woefully inadequate" and the issue needs much more focus and investment.
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People.com (USA) - Women Now Drink as Much as Men - And Are Prone to Sickness Sooner, Study Says
Women suffer from the negative health effects of alcohol more quickly than men do, even with a smaller amount of alcohol consumption, according to research.
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Science Daily - Drinking alcohol is linked to reduced chances of pregnancy
A study of the associations between drinking alcohol and the chances of becoming pregnant suggests that women who want to conceive should avoid heavy drinking. In the second half of menstrual cycle even moderate drinking is linked to reduced chances of pregnancy.
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ABC (Australia) - What alcohol is really doing to Michelle
What would be a good enough reason for you to actually cut back on booze? If you were gaining weight? If you were tired all the time? Having relationship difficulties? What about cancer?
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The Independent (Japan) - Tokyo 2020: Olympics Village considers alcohol ban as part of strict Covid-19 measures
Tokyo Olympics chiefs are considering a ban on alcohol in the Olympic village due to the Covid restrictions that currently apply in Japan.
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The New Daily (Australia) - The ‘inconvenient truth’ about alcohol that could help people quit drinking
Everyone knows that smoking causes cancer, but what about drinking? The evidence that alcohol is a carcinogen – a substance with the capacity to cause cancer in humans – has long been clear, but research shows more public awareness of alcohol’s harms is needed.
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NZMA (New Zealand) - NZMA Urges Minister To Review Alcohol Law
In recent days, there has been media coverage of the damage alcohol causes to many New Zealanders, and the strain and difficulties medical staff face in dealing with alcohol-related harm.
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FARE (Australia) - Landmark report highlights failures by Woolworths and shows need for reform
The full report by the Woolworths-appointed panel, led by Danny Gilbert AM, into the company’s now abandoned plan to build an alcohol megastore in Darwin, was released today.
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Prison Policy Initiative (USA) - New data: State prisons are increasingly deadly places
New data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics shows that state prisons are seeing alarming rises in suicide, homicide, and drug and alcohol-related deaths.
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DInsights (Indonesia) - Government to Ban Investment in Alcohol Industry
President Joko Widodo issued Presidential Regulation (Perpres) No. 49/2021, revising investment permits in certain sectors.
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LA Times (USA) - Armed and drunk: Off-duty cops get into trouble drinking. LAPD rules fail to prevent it
Early one morning last month, off-duty Los Angeles Police Officer Nicolas Quintanilla-Borja allegedly threatened to kill his cousin and another man with a handgun in Inglewood before being arrested by local police, prosecutors said.
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Jacaranda.fm (South Africa) - Stricter booze laws ‘can make SA safer place for children’
As the government marks the end of Child Protection Week, the Southern African Alcohol Policy Alliance in SA (SAAPA SA) believes stronger liquor legislation can make South Africa a safer place for children.
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Friday, June 4, 2021

Alcohol News - 22/2021

CBS News (USA) - Airlines pull back on alcoholic beverages on flights amid bad passenger behavior
Travelers won't be able to take the edge off with a drink on many flights, as United Airlines becomes the latest carrier to limit its alcohol policy due to unruly passengers. Southwest and American announced last week they would extend previous suspensions on alcohol service.
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Stylist - Anxiety and alcohol: this is how drinking can increase your anxiety
Initially I warmed to drinking because of the confidence element,” explains Tanya, 30, reminiscing about her late teen years when she was plagued with anxiety and painfully shy. “In the beginning, drinking almost alleviated that [anxiety]. I definitely used it as ‘liquid courage’.”
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The Atlantic (USA) - America Has a Drinking Problem
A little alcohol can boost creativity and strengthen social ties. But there’s nothing moderate, or convivial, about the way many Americans drink today.
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Forbes - Why Are Wines’ Alcohol Content Growing So High?
Blame California’s winemakers if you like for the soaring alcohol levels in their wines, but the practice is becoming so widespread globally that finding a red wine under 14.5% alcohol is getting more difficult than finding one at or above that critical number. And white wines are not far behind.
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Technology Networks - Partners Play a Role in Pregnant Women's Alcohol Use
A new study by a team of University of Rochester psychologists and other researchers in the Collaborative Initiative on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (CIFASD) finds that partners of mothers-to-be can directly influence a pregnant woman’s likelihood of drinking alcohol and feeling depressed, which affects their babies’ development.
Read more

The Independent (UK) - DRINKING ALCOHOL WITHIN GOVERNMENT GUIDELINES STILL HARMS THE BRAIN, HEART AND LIVER, STUDY FINDS
Drinking any amount of alcohol, even within government guidelines, still has a toxic effect on our organs, a new study suggests.
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Sunday World (Ireland) - Almost 10% of Irish motorists have gotten behind the wheel after drinking, RSA reveals
One in four drivers have admitted getting behind the wheel the morning after a night out even when they suspected they might still be over the limit.
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News Medical - Overweight or obesity amplifies harmful effects of alcohol on the liver
Led by the University of Sydney's Charles Perkins Centre, the study looked at medical data from nearly half a million people and found having overweight or obesity considerably amplified the harmful effects of alcohol on liver disease and mortality.
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NewsWise (USA) - Heavy-drinking young adults reduce problematic alcohol use early in pandemic, but young women face increased mental health burden
A novel longitudinal study on heavy drinking in young adults and the psychological impacts of COVID-19 has revealed some unexpected findings that challenge preconceived notions regarding pandemic-related alcohol use.
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Sidney Morning Herald (Australia) - Is it time to face the facts about alcohol and cancer?
We know all too well the cancer risks posed by smoking, the sun and asbestos, but for many of us, alcohol somehow slips under the radar.
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UGA Today - Caregiver alcohol abuse can mean long-term stress on kids
Children raised by caregivers who struggle with alcohol-use problems are more likely to deal with the symptoms of post-traumatic stress for longer periods of time, according to a new study from the University of Georgia.
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Sky News (UK) - COVID-19: Nearly half of UK adults going through pandemic job loss are drinking more alcohol – survey
Nearly half of adults in the UK going through job loss are drinking more than they would have done before the pandemic, a new survey suggests.
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Daily Mail - Alcohol is harmful to health... even if you stick to Government guidelines
Drinking within the Government guidelines still causes potentially harmful changes to the body’s organs, a study suggests.
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IOL (South Africa) - Debate rages on whether to reduce motorists’ alcohol limit to 0% or not?
Deliberations are currently underway to determine whether the alcohol limit should be reduced, thus restricting motorists from drinking and driving.
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VeryWell Mind - The Link Between Alcohol and Aggression
The stereotype of the "angry drunk" may be rooted in fact, at least for some people in whom alcohol and anger are associated. In fact, according to the World Health Organization, the use of alcohol is more closely associated with aggressive behavior than any other type of psychotropic substance.
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Futures Recovery Healthcare - Alcoholism in Women is on the Rise: What You Need to Know
Women are drinking more alcohol and experiencing serious health issues from alcohol consumption at unprecedented—and alarming—rates. And while excessive drinking can cause problems for anyone, statistics show that women who drink have a higher risk for certain alcohol-related issues than their male counterparts.
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The Scotsman (Scotland) - Study hailed as ‘powerful evidence’ that minimum alcohol pricing in Scotland reduces härm
New research showing that sales of alcohol in Scotland fell by almost 8% after the introduction of minimum pricing has been hailed as “powerful, real-world evidence” of the success of the policy.
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Plan H (Canada) - Canada's Chief Public Health Officer Releases Report on National Alcohol Consumption
A new report by the Chief Public Health Officer aims to increase Canadians' awareness about the health impacts of alcohol consumption.
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NordAN (Norway) - Remark: better roads, wiser cars, higher fines? Why is Norway doing so great?
Just one person died as a result of traffic accidents across all age groups in Oslo in 2019. For the first time ever, no children under the age of 16 died in traffic at all in Norway in the whole of 2019.
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Sunday, May 30, 2021

FASD News - 21/2021

The Sun - I thought I was hanging after a night on the tiles – it turns out I was having a surprise baby, I’d spent months boozing
A MUM who thought she was hungover after a night out downing vodka was stunned to discover she was pregnant - and in labour.
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Healthline - Your Guide to Resources for Children with Developmental Disabilities
Children with developmental differences often need extra services to support their physical health and mental well-being. But researching and connecting with specialists and other service providers can sometimes feel like a full-time job for parents and caregivers.
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The Fostering Network (UK) - Understanding FASD
Is the young person in your care showing extreme, unpredictable or unexplained behaviours, sudden outbursts and issues around development or learning? Is it possible they were exposed to alcohol in the womb?
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CanFASD Blog (Canada) - Embraced: The Quest to Make a Film
When our son was twelve, he exploded with a vengeance. Without warning, amidst a crowded outdoor concession stand, he power-kicked a soccer ball directly into his sister’s head. So I loaded him into a van for a road trip to explore, “why the anger?” Every few seconds he said something chilling, then contradicted it in the next sentence. I remained silent except to state, “I’m sorry” or “are you hungry?”.
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Review of Optometry - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Responsible for Vision Problems
Exposure to prenatal alcohol can result in a number of functional impairments, including ophthalmological abnormalities such as ptosis, refractive errors, strabismus, subnormal visual acuity and optic nerve hypoplasia. In those diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), such ophthalmic abnormalities often result in visual perception problems (VPPs).
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ABC News (Australia) - Telethon Kids Institute helping WA Police reframe interactions with people with neurological impairments
A leading child health researcher is helping police officers in regional Western Australia have safer interactions with people who have neurological conditions such as foetal alcohol spectrum disorders or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
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Birthing for Life - Can You Drink Wine While Pregnant? Here’s Why NOT
Any amount of alcohol intake during pregnancy leads to intrauterine fetal exposure and can cause a wide range of deficits known as Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. For this reason, the global recommendation among medical groups is for pregnant women to avoid any type of alcohol consumption, including beer, wine and spirits.
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Parents 1st UK (UK) - Avoiding alcohol during pregnancy – share your tips and ideas
Pregnancy is a life changing event, and this may affect our close relationships, especially if parents are feeling overwhelmed. Most of us are tempted to have 'just the one' drink when we’re feeling stressed.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
FASD Hub Australia - Meet Dr Hayley Passmore: Reframe Training
After the Banksia Hill Project uncovered high rates of FASD and severe neurodevelopmental impairments in young people in detention, researchers at the Telethon Kids Institute developed Reframe Training - a course to help professionals coming into contact with these young people understand their needs and respond appropriately.
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Charlotte Winder - People with FASD talk about FASD
Eight interviewees share their thoughts about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder with the Guelph Wellington Dufferin FASD Action Group.
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PA Care Partnership - Improving Outcomes by Modifying Approaches for Those with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
This training builds on the first FASD training provided. Due to the brain damage caused by prenatal alcohol exposure, which spans the intellectual spectrum, evidence-based practices that rely on verbal interactions and reward and consequence approaches such as point, level, and privilege systems, are often not successful with them and set them up to fail.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 3, Episode 5 - Education: Insights From The Professionals
This week we're chatting to Ailsa: teacher, FASD Education Advisor and Mum to get her insights on how educators manage neurodiverse classrooms and what she has learned from parenting and homeschooling a child with FASD.
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PA Care Partnership - Improving Outcomes by Recognizing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
When an individual “fails” in treatment and other services, we often label the person as being non-compliant, unmotivated, or disruptive. However, their behavior may well be due to brain damage caused by prenatal alcohol exposure, which is much more common than most people suspect.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 3, Episode 4 - Education: Things Everyone Needs To Know About FASD And Education
In this weeks episode we cover some of what we consider to be the most important things teachers and education professionals need to know about FASD in an education setting.
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The Change Starts Here Collaborative - Homeschooling + FASD
Welcome to our channel!  We are a new Collaborative working together to serve families of kids with neurodiversity.  Connect with us!
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CUPH - Interview with Dr. David Wargowski, MD @ diagnosing FASD
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FASD Hub Scotland - Factsheets – FASD
These resources will be added to regularly please check back for updates, if you can’t find what you are looking for here please feel free to call the helpline and speak to one of the FASD Advisors.
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Proof Alliance - 2021 Proof Alliance Virtual Benefit
Join us as we celebrate and highlight recent advances in our work to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and support all impacted throughout Minnesota and beyond.
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The FASD Success Show - #066 Dr. Catherine Lebel: New INFO on FASD and the Brain
Today I am stoked to have a returning guest, Dr. Catherine Lebel. We get down to science today. But don't worry, I help make this accessible.  We are talking about a recent FASD research paper she wrote and a current study she is working on.
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Health Translations - Alcohol and pregnancy - what you need to know
This document is available in English as well as in languages other than English. Links to the English and multilingual resources can be accessed further below. To download information click on the selected language. This will take you directly to the resource.
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Blackpool Better Start (UK) - Be Your Baby’s Hero – Keep Alcohol at Zero
A new Super Babies campaign has been launched in Blackpool to raise awareness of the dangers of drinking alcohol during pregnancy. The campaign, which features four super-babies, highlights the benefits that an un-born baby gets when it isn’t exposed to alcohol.
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RESEARCH
Australian Indigenous HealthBulletin - Review of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a preventable, lifelong disability that disproportionately affects Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. This review provides a comprehensive synthesis of the available information on FASD among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, with reference to the limitations on population-based data and evaluated programs.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - The frequency of severe Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in the neonatal period using data from the French hospital discharge database between 2006 and 2013
This study provides the first national estimate of neonatal diagnosis of FAS, and more broadly pFASD, in France. Although our data certainly underestimate the real prevalence of FASD, they provide a minimal estimate of the burden of alcohol use during pregnancy.
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Biological Psychiatry - Corticostriatal circuit models of cognitive impairments induced by fetal exposure to alcohol
The term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) includes a group of diseases caused by fetal alcohol exposure (FAE). FASD patients display heterogenous socio-emotional and cognitive deficits, particularly in the domain of executive function, which share symptoms with other neuropsychiatric disorders.
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Italian Journal of Pediatrics - Sleep problems among children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)- an explorative study
The results support the clinical observation that sleep disorders appear to be an important health problem in individuals with FASD. In particular distorted sleep architecture and apneic/hypopneic events need further attention.
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The FASEB Journal - Altered Developmental Programming in a Dual Model of Maternal and Paternal Alcohol Consumption
According to the CDC, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person whose mother drank alcohol during pregnancy. This definition places the fault for FASD-associated mental and physical defects exclusively on the mother.
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Child Neuropsychology - Measurement of neurodevelopmental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in Ukrainian preschool children
To examine the potential of a nonverbal battery in early identification of cognitive problems in alcohol-exposed children, 291 prospectively identified Ukrainian children were evaluated using a test battery focusing on early executive functioning (EF) and visuospatial skills, areas of cognitive development particularly sensitive to PAE in older children.
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Behavioural Brain Research - Effects of postnatal ethanol exposure and maternal separation on mood, cognition and hippocampal arborization in adolescent rats
Ethanol exposure and early life stress during brain development are associated with an increased risk of developing psychiatric disorders.
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Wellcome Open Research - Risk messages relating to fertility and pregnancy: a media content analysis
Frequent science-based risk messages in the UK media frame mothers as vectors of potential harm to children, who are the focus of health outcomes. Largely, the media does not introduce misinformation, but reports press releases faithfully with additional caveats and expert commentary.
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The FASEB Journal - Epigenetic Toxicity: Preconception Paternal Alcohol Exposure and the Programming of Offspring Birth Defects
Paternally inherited alterations in epigenetic programming are emerging as a relevant factor in numerous developmental disorders. Despite the exclusive association of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) with maternal drinking, research from our lab indicates that paternal alcohol use is a relevant factor in this debilitating condition.
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Neuronal Cell Culture - Fetal Brain Injury Models of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: Examination of Neuronal Morphologic Condition Using Sholl Assay
The lack of a convenient in vitro human neuronal model to study alcohol-induced neurodegenerative diseases, such as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), prompted us to develop human neuronal culture and in vitro human FAS model by incubating cells with physiologically relevant EtOH concentration (50 mM).
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udiMundus - Substance use, mental health and dual disorders on pregnancy: results of prevalence and treatment rates in a developed country
Smoking and substance use during pregnancy are major preventable causes of mortality and morbidity, having a bidirectional and deleterious relationship with the mental health of the mother and child.
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Women's Mood Disorders - Substance Use Disorders in Pregnancy and Lactation
Women use substances and, for some, this use continues during pregnancy. It is not uncommon for women with substance use disorders to have a co-occurring mental health condition.
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The FASEB Journal - Prenatal alcohol exposure causes structural and functional cardiac defects, which can be prevented with folate supplementation
Increased regurgitant blood flow has been linked to endocardial cushion defects and resultant congenital heart diseases (CHDs). Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has been shown to alter early blood flow resulting in abnormal endocardial cushions and CHDs.
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Global Pediatric Health - The Burden of Adverse Neonatal Outcome among Antenatal Substance Users in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Substances mainly khat, alcohol and cigarette are used during pregnancy in Ethiopia. However, to this date, there is no pooled evidence about the burden of adverse neonatal outcomes among the substance users during pregnancy in the country.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Changes in alcohol consumption during pregnancy and over the transition towards parenthood
Further awareness of the risks associated with male-partner drinking could provide substantial public health benefits. Successful facilitation and implementation of interventions and harm reduction strategies for harmful drinking over the pre- to postnatal period could benefit from further consideration of socioeconomic status and education level, particularly for men.
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Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research - Partner influence as a factor in maternal alcohol consumption and depressive symptoms, and maternal effects on infant neurodevelopmental outcomes
Partner influence is an important contributor to prenatal alcohol use and maternal depressive symptoms, over and above the effect of SES. The significant paths from prenatal alcohol exposure to infant neurodevelopmental outcomes underscore the importance of partner influence during pregnancy.
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IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Oslo Universitetssykehus (Norway) - Nytt magasin om Føtalt Alkohol Spektrum forstyrrelser
Magasinet er rettet mot både fagpersoner og foreldre, og inneholder artikler om utredning/diagnose og hvilke tiltak som kan være til hjelp, samt intervju med foreldre til barn med FASD.
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AssoCareNews (Italy) - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): sensibilizzazione ed educazione sanitaria alla gestante
Presentiamo oggi uno studio sul tema “The Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS): sensibilizzazione ed educazione sanitaria alla gestante”.
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FASD Netzwerk Nordbayern e.V. (Germany) - Wanderausstellung "ZERO!"
Die ersten zehn Monate eines Babys, wie es sich entwickelt und zu einem lebensfähigen Menschen wird, sind etwas ganz Besonderes.
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Thursday, May 27, 2021

Alcohol News - 21/2021

Elemental - Alcohol Is the Enemy of the Bipolar Brain
As a former mental health nurse and recovering alcoholic, I write a lot about alcohol use and mental health. To my mind, not enough has been done to educate the general public about the dangers of alcohol use combined with mental illness.
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Dominican Today (Dominican Republic) - New measures: alcohol consumption in stores and public spaces ends at 5:00 p.m. throughout the week
Among the new measures to control the resurgence of COVID-19 affecting Greater Santo Domingo, the authorities ordered restrictions on the sale of alcohol for consumption in businesses and public spaces.
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WHO Europe - 5 facts about alcohol and cancer
This factsheet provides five important facts for policy makers, health professionals and the general public about the links between alcohol consumption and a range of cancer types.
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Helsinki Times (Finland) - Survey: Over 25% of Finns concerned about alcohol use of loved one
MORE THAN ONE IN FOUR Finns have been worried about the alcohol use of a family member or another loved one in the past 12 months, indicates a survey commissioned by the Finnish Association for Substance Abuse Prevention (EHYT).
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USA Today - ‘Gray area’ drinking is not a medical diagnosis, but experts say it can still be a problem. What is it and what are the signs?
Teuscher is now nine years sober, but she wished she could have recognized the signs of her unhealthy relationship with alcohol years before it spiraled out of control.
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Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Alcohol consumption plummeted by almost 20% in first three months of 2021
The amount of alcohol consumed in the first quarter of this year was down substantially on the same period in 2020.
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Medscape - The End of Happy Hour? No Safe Level of Alcohol for the Brain
There is no safe amount of alcohol consumption for the brain; even moderate drinking adversely affects brain structure and function, according a British study of more 25,000 adults.
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MedicalXpress - No such thing as safe alcohol consumption, study says
A new study from the University of Oxford concluded that drinking alcohol had affected the brain's gray matter area, "important bits where information is processed," according to the study's lead author, Anya Topiwala.
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Anadolu Agency - OECD report sheds light on human, economic cost of alcohol consumption
Diseases and injuries from alcohol consumption above 1 to 1.5 drinks per day lead to medicinal costs that equal about 2.4% of total health expenditure each year, according to a report released by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on Wednesday.
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Alcohol Justice (USA) - Government Under the Influence of the Spirits Industry
Alcohol Justice, the San Rafael, California-based alcohol industry watchdog and the California Alcohol Policy Alliance (CAPA) are charging the California Legislature with being under the influence of restaurants, bars and the alcohol spirits industry.
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Magnet (Australia) - Australians still dim about demon drink
One in five Australians are still ignorant of the harms caused by drinking alcohol, with young people especially oblivious to the risks, survey results show.
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Irish Mirror (Ireland) - 'There's a danger that drinking has got much worse during Covid lockdowns'
The word “spike” has become ­so familiar to us in the last year due to spikes in Covid-19 ­infections and admissions to hospitals. But there have been other ones running in parallel – spikes in alcohol deaths.
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Scotsman (Scotland) - Scots have 'head in the sand' attitude towards risks of alcohol consumption and bowel cancer, says charity
Around 3,700 people a year die from alcohol-related causes in Scotland according to most recent data, and people must become more aware of the risk factors and mitigations, said Alcohol Focus Scotland.
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FirstPost - Colorectal cancer: Avoid red meat and alcohol consumption as they may increase risk
Ever since the COVID-19 pandemic has hit the world, people are giving more attention to their health, lifestyle, and choices. Among the many diseases that have brought fear in people, colorectal cancer (CRC) is one that currently needs urgent attention.
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Thursday, May 20, 2021

Alcohol News - 20/2021

OECD - Governments should step up their efforts to tackle harmful alcohol consumption
Investing in policies to reduce harmful alcohol consumption would save millions of lives. The economic benefits of putting them in place would also be much higher than the costs, according to a new OECD report.
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CNN - Drinking any amount of alcohol causes damage to the brain, study finds
There is no such thing as a "safe" level of drinking, with increased consumption of alcohol associated with poorer brain health, according to a new study.
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Study Finds - Drinking alcohol can cause immediate heart rhythm problems in people with AFib
When it comes to alcohol, doctors continue to find there’s a fine line between how much is good or bad for the heart.
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Business Tech (South Africa) - A lobby group wants these 10 alcohol restrictions during South Africa’s third wave
The South African Alcohol Policy Alliance (Saapa) has called on the government to restrict alcohol sales and advertising in South Africa as part of the fight against the third wave of Covid-19 in the country.
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SciTechDaily - Red Meat Intake, Heavier Alcohol Use, and Poor Education Linked to Colorectal Cancer
A new paper in JNCI Cancer Spectrum, published by Oxford University Press, indicates that several non-genetic factors — including greater red meat intake, lower educational attainment, and heavier alcohol use — are associated with an increase in colorectal cancer in people under 50.
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New York Post (USA) - Proposed NY law would lower state blood alcohol limit to .05
New York could become just the second state in the US to lower its legal blood alcohol limit to from .08 to .05 under a proposed new bill — a move its advocates say would save countless lives.
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660 News (Canada) - More Canadians leaning on drugs, alcohol to push through pandemic: survey
Are Canadians okay? More than a year into the pandemic, a new survey finds we’re relying on drugs and alcohol to get us through our days more than usual.
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Nordic Roads (Norway) - Half of e-scooter riders in Oslo have driven while under the influence of alcohol
43 percent of e-scooter riders rode with a blood alcohol-level above the legal limit and they see it as unlikely to be stopped in alcohol control.
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Addiction Proffesional - Instagram, Snapchat Linked with Increased Alcohol Use by New College Students
Exposure to alcohol-related content on social media platforms has been linked with an increase in alcohol consumption by college students, according to new research released this week by Loyola Marymount University.
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EWN (South Africa) - ALCOHOL IS A MAJOR CONTRIBUTOR TO ASSAULT CASES IN SA, SAYS CELE
Police Minister Bheki Cele says alcohol abuse is the albatross around the South African Police Service's neck.
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SW Londoner (UK) - Charity calls on Government to act after alcohol-related deaths reach record high
A leading national alcohol charity has called on the Government to react and move quickly to tackle rising numbers of alcohol-related deaths.
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MedicalXpress - Alcohol problems are severely undertreated, researchers report
Some 16 million Americans are believed to have alcohol use disorder, and an estimated 93,000 people in the U.S. die from alcohol-related causes each year. Both of those numbers are expected to grow as a result of heavier drinking during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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PharmacoEconomics - What are the Economic Costs to Society Attributable to Alcohol Use?
If all cost components were to be considered, the economic costs of alcohol consumption would amount to 1306 international dollars (Int$) per adult (95% confidence interval 873–1738), 1872 Int$ per drinker (95% CI 1279–2466), or equivalent to 2.6% (95% CI 2.0–3.1%) of the gross domestic product.
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