Thursday, November 14, 2019

Alcohol News - 46/2019

Medical Xpress - Gamblers under the influence of alcohol place higher bets after losses
Gamblers don't always make rational decisions. Their approach to any given bet is often influenced by the bets, wins and losses that have come before it—even when those things have no bearing whatsoever on the outcome.
The Star Online - How alcohol addiction occurs: the brain 'learns' alcohol
Running into a former drinking buddy or passing a once-favourite bar can cause recovering alcoholics to relapse. But the biology behind why those setbacks happen was a mystery to scientists until just recently.
ERR News (Estonia) - OECD: Alcohol consumption in Estonia fell by almost a third in 10 years
Alcohol consumption in Estonia has declined significantly over the last decade, according to the latest Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) health report, but is still above average. (Ireland) - New rules to curb alcohol adverts near young people
New advertising rules introduced under the Public Health Alcohol Act of 2018 will prevent drinks companies from promoting their products near schools, playgrounds or on public transport.
ITV News (Wales) - Minimum alcohol pricing to be introduced in Wales next year
The Welsh Government will introduce a minimum unit price for alcohol of 50p from March next year after it was approved by the National Assembly.
News Now Finland (Finland) - Study: more young people trying cannabis, but not alcohol or cigarettes
Young people in Finland are drinking less alcohol and smoking fewer cigarettes, but they’re experimenting more regularly with cannabis.
Voxy (New Zealand) - New drinking stats show extra cause for concern - Alcohol Healthwatch
Alcohol Healthwatch warns that data released from New Zealand’s largest annual health survey show that our drinking culture is continuing to move in the wrong direction. More New Zealanders are drinking and more are drinking heavily and frequently.
BBC News (UK) - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: The 'heartbreaking' reality
The brothers, from Dromore, in County Down, are living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), meaning that exposure to alcohol in the womb has left them with life-long disabilities. (New Zealand) - Alcohol & regret: consequences and lessons learned
Stuff is again partnering with the Global Drug Survey, an international online effort to educate and reduce harm caused by alcohol and recreational drugs. The 2020 survey is now open.
Total Slovenia News (Slovenia) - Youth Say No to Cigarettes & Alcohol, Yes to Marijuana & Social Media
Tobacco and alcohol seem to be losing appeal among Slovenian youth, according to a survey presented at a round table debate in Otočec on Wednesday. However, the use of cannabis is on the rise along with social media and video games addictions.
RNZ (New Zealand) - E-scooter injury study: surgeons call for alcohol ban, curfew
A study has found 180 people ended up in Auckland City Hospital with an e-scooter injury in the first 19 weeks the scooters were on the road.
Surrey Live (UK) - Burden of booze in Surrey: Funding cuts, surge in deaths, and more shops selling alcohol
A data investigation has found funding for alcohol treatment is being stripped as councils pick and choose which services get cash following government cuts.
IAS - A question of intent: Alcohol advertising campaign case studies make for sobering reading
Producing and selling alcohol remains very good business in the UK, contributing around 2.5% of total UK GDP in 2014, around £46 billion. However, it also remains a business associated with a wide range of acute and chronic physical and mental health burdens for consumers, and for those around them.
Health Insurance and Protection (UK) - Half of London workers binge drink at least once a month
The survey of 26,000 workers for Vitality’s Britain’s Healthiest Workplace reveals 36% of Londoners drink more than the NHS recommended 14 units of alcohol per week (the equivalent of six pints of lager or 10 small glasses of low-strength wine.)

Sunday, November 10, 2019

FASD News - 45/2019

Newswise - Study Highlights Impact of Drinking in Pregnancy and Informs Regional Prevention Strategies
A recent study in a US Pacific Southwest city estimated that, at a minimum, 2% of first-grade schoolchildren had an FASD. A new report in the journal Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research describes the range of FASD among these children and the characteristics of their mothers.
North Carolina Health News (USA) - Does North Carolina do enough to help children affected by a mom’s prenatal alcohol use?
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is more common than many people think, with as many as one in 20 children affected. Many end up in foster care, special-education classes and often the courts, jails and prisons.
BBC News (Norther Ireland) - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: The 'heartbreaking' reality
The brothers, from Dromore, in County Down, are living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), meaning that exposure to alcohol in the womb has left them with life-long disabilities.
National Institutes of Health - Using both marijuana and alcohol during early pregnancy may increase the likelihood of disrupting fetal development
New preclinical research reported in animal models shows that exposure to compounds found in marijuana called cannabinoids (CBs), which includes cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), during early pregnancy can cause malformations in the developing embryo.
GPSpeak - FASD is forever, so let’s help make it never
Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a lifelong condition where diffuse brain injury is caused by antenatal alcohol use. It is thought that the prevalence of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder may be as high of 2 - 4% of the Australian population.

Although there have been thousands of published articles in FASD in general, there has been limited research specifically on adolescents and adults with FASD or on individuals across the lifespan.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS - FASD Support Program Presentation
The Bar Book Project - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
The purpose of this document is to collate published research, the findings of government reports and inquiries and academic commentary in relation to FASD, and the effects this may have on a person’s behaviour; development; physical, mental and social well-being; and links to contact with the criminal justice system.
American Academy of Pediatrics - The Role of Integrated Care in a Medical Home for Patients With a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
We know going alcohol free during pregnancy might be difficult. Don't worry, we're here to help and support you with resources, tips and advice.
FASD: Learning with Hope - Transitions and the D-word
Usually when we talk about transitions in supporting someone with FASD we talk about the little moments most people take for granted: the getting out of the house and into the car, the getting ready for bed after a busy a day.

Advances in Pediatric Research - Comparison of the 4-Digit Code, Canadian 2015, Australian 2016 and Hoyme 2016 fetal alcohol spectrum disorder diagnostic guidelines
The needs of individuals with FASD are best met when diagnostic systems provide accurate, validated diagnoses across the lifespan, the full spectrum of outcome, the full continuum of alcohol exposure; and utilize diagnostic nomenclature that accurately reflects the association between outcome and alcohol exposure.
Qualitative Health Research - Disability “In-Justice”: The Benefits and Challenges of “Yarning” With Young People Undergoing Diagnostic Assessment for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in a Youth Detention Center
Undertaking research with young people presents an array of methodological challenges. We report the findings from a qualitative study that took place alongside a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) prevalence study among detainees in Australia.
BMC Health Services Research - A guideline for the prevention and management of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in South Africa
FASD in South Africa deserves urgent attention. Developing a specific policy to guide programmes could enhance and coordinate the efforts towards preventing and managing FASD.
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - Sex offender treatment professional perceptions of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the Midwest
Findings suggest there is a strong need to develop educational and training programs that better equip professionals with the skills to assist clients with FASD in treatment settings for inappropriate sexual behavior.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: What does Public Awareness Tell Us about Prevention Programming?
The prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) does not appear to be diminishing over time. Indeed, recent data suggests that the disorder may be more prevalent than previously thought.
BMJ open - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders from childhood to adulthood: a Swedish population-based naturalistic cohort study of adoptees from Eastern Europe
Major cognitive impairments, psychiatric morbidity, facial dysmorphology, growth restriction and ophthalmological abnormalities accompanies FASD in adulthood. Recognition of FASD in childhood warrants habilitation across the lifespan.
Cerebral Cortex - Prenatal Exposure to Ethanol Alters Synaptic Activity in Layer V/VI Pyramidal Neurons of the Somatosensory Cortex
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) encompasses a range of cognitive and behavioral deficits, with aberrances in the function of cerebral cortical pyramidal neurons implicated in its pathology.
Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - Deficits in arithmetic error detection in infants with prenatal alcohol exposure: an ERP study
Overall, our research demonstrates that (a) the brain network involved in error detection can be identified and highly specified in TD young infants, and (b) this effect is replicable and can be utilized for studying developmental psychopathology at very early ages.
Neuropharmacology - Alcohol exposure in utero disrupts cortico-striatal coordination required for behavioral flexibility
these findings demonstrate how developmental exposure alters circuit-level activity leading to behavioral deficits and suggest a critical role for coordination of neural timing during behaviors requiring executive function.
IEEE - Cluster Analysis of Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy in the Safe Passage Study
The resulting cluster analysis was able to characterize alcohol consumption in a comprehensive framework capable of taking into account both quantity and timing of exposure as well as the occurrence of binge drinking.
Pediatric Clinics - Effects of Fetal Substance Exposure on Offspring Substance Use
Prenatal exposure to alcohol and drugs is associated with physical, cognitive, and behavioral problems across the offspring’s lifespan and an increased risk of alcohol and drug use in adolescent and young adult offspring.
Molecular Biology Reports - The protective effect of quercetin in the alcohol-induced liver and lymphoid tissue injuries in newborns
Recently published experimental and clinical studies indicate that oxidative stress leads to the pathogenesis and progression of alcohol-induced tissue injuries.
International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience - Episodic Prenatal Exposure To Ethanol Affects Postnatal Neurogenesis In The Macaque Dentate Gyrus And Visual Recognition Memory
Targeted effects of ethanol on early neural generation (cell cycle and cycle exit) correlate with the timing-dependent degradation in VPC performance and exposure during gastrulation results in notable deficits. These changes evidence a pattern of fetal programming underlying FAS.
BMC Psychiatry - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: neurodevelopmentally and behaviorally indistinguishable from other neurodevelopmental disorders
The findings question the uniqueness of children with FASD with respect to their neurodevelopmental impairments and behavioral manifestations.
EBSCO - Overcoming the challenges of caring for a child with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a Pilbara community perspective
This study aimed to investigate the experiences of caregivers in a remote Australian context. The findings will be valuable to inform programs at the family, community and broader policy levels that can help enhance children's development and wellbeing.

Miten palvelujärjestelmää pitäisi kehittää, jotta se tukisi entistä paremmin henkilöitä, joilla on FASD eli sikiöaikaisen alkoholialtistuksen aiheuttama vamma?
Informationsdienst Wissenschaft (Germany) - Zielgenau helfen, wenn Alkohol das werdende Leben geschädigt hat
Wie kann es gelingen, auf junge Menschen individuell einzugehen, die von der Fetalen Alkoholspektrum-Störung (FASD) betroffen sind? Im Mittelpunkt des Fachtages „FASD – Lernen erlaubt?“ steht am Freitag, 8. November 2019, auf dem Campus Cottbus-Sachsendorf der BTU Cottbus–Senftenberg unter anderem diese Frage. (Germany) - Fetale Alkoholspektrumstörungen (FASD) durch Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft
Über 10.000 Kinder kommen jährlich wegen mütterlichem Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft mit Fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörungen (FASD) zur Welt. Die Auswirkungen spüren die Betroffenen oft ein Leben lang.
Slovenske novice (Slovenia) - Bodoči očetje, opustite alkohol
Na otrokov razvoj in zdravje ne vplivajo le materine navade, pomemben je tudi način življenja bodočih očetov.
YLE (Finland) - A-studion ohjelma palkittiin vuoden raittiustekona
Ylen A-studion Oili Orispään toimittama ohjelma Kohdussa myrkytetyt on saanut Raittiuden Ystävät ry:n Vuoden raittiusteko 2019 -tunnustuksen.

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Alcohol News - 45/2019

ERR News (Estonia) - Tallinn City Government greenlights late night alcohol sales restrictions
Tallinn City Government has approved limiting alcohol sales at "entertainment facilities" from June 1 next year, Baltic News Service reports.
The Independent (UK) - Alcohol consumption will soon follow smoking and meat-eating in becoming a social evil
I grew up in a teetotal household and my siblings still don’t drink. I was with my English ex-husband on my first visit to a pub and I asked the baffled bartender if they had any herbal teas. By the time we split up, I was pairing wine with my food and turning my nose up at the lower shelves in the alcohol aisles at Waitrose.
The Guardian (UK) - UK parents' drinking negatively affects over a third of children – study
More than a third of children in the UK are negatively affected by their parents’ alcohol use, research has suggested.
Jakarta Post (Indonesia) - Liquor waste contaminates Bengawan Solo, disrupts water supply
Liquid waste in the form of a traditional Javanese alcoholic drink called ciu has contaminated the Bengawan Solo River in Surakarta, Central Java, killing fish and disrupting the area’s clean water supply for residents.
As reported by Korea Times,South Korea’s Ministry of Health and Welfare is looking to enforce the ban in a bid to stop glamourising the consumption of alcohol.
Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Ban on alcohol ads near schools and playgrounds
Drinks firms will be hit with hefty fines from next week if they attempt to “lure” young people into alcohol addiction by advertising their products near schools, playgrounds or on public transport.
YLE News (Finland) - Survey: Two-thirds of employers grapple with alcohol-related problems
Two out of three trade union workers have encountered alcohol-related problems at their workplace, according to a survey published by the Central Organisation of Finnish Trade Unions (SAK) on Wednesday.
Miami Herald (USA) - Florida to start selling alcohol at men’s basketball games
Florida will sell alcohol at men's basketball games beginning with the team's season opener against North Florida. (Czech Republic) - Czech MPs approve tax hike on alcohol and tobacco, increase in parental benefits
The Chamber of Deputies, the lower house of Czech parliament, passed the parental benefit rise by 80,000 crowns to 300,000 as of January tonight after it unexpectedly returned to the approval of the government tax package. (Ireland) - Alcohol a factor in 75pc of road deaths during off-peak hours
When the first government road-safety strategy was introduced back in 1998 there were 458 people killed in road crashes. Last year, 142 people died as a result of road trauma. It's still an unacceptable toll, but it does show that efforts to improve road safety have worked. (Kenya) - Govt Set to Raise Minimum Price of Alcohol
Consumers of alcoholic beverages, especially spirits may have to dig deeper into their pockets to finance their appetite for the brew if a plan by Kenya Revenue Authority is to be executed.
BioNews - Alcohol causes epigenetic brain changes that could trigger cravings
The breakdown products of alcohol can travel to the brain and alter gene activity, which in turn could influence behaviour, suggests a new study in mice.
The Sun - Airlines accused of fuelling air rage by running ‘buy in bulk’ alcohol deals after Brits have boozy brawl at airport
AIRLINES have been accused of fuelling air rage by running “buy in bulk” alcohol deals. The warning comes just days after The Sun published footage of a Brit couple in a drunken brawl on an Alicante airport shuttle bus.
Baltic Times (Latvia) - Ban on carrying open containers of alcohol to be lifted in part of Latvia January 1
After the system of administrative justice is reformed, residents will no longer be banned from carrying open containers of an alcoholic beverage in public in part of Latvian cities and regions as of January 1, 2020.
Metro - Binging alcohol after Sober October is a ‘true risk’
Completing sober October is an impressive feat, and your liver is no doubt thanking you right about now if you managed. Whether it will be saying the same thing when you wake up on November 2 is a different matter.
OnuItalia (Italy) - WHO: Italy takes part in the consultation on the implementation of the Global Strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol
The WHO has opened a consultation, extended to Member States and all interested stakeholders, on results and challenges in implementing the “Global Strategy to Reduce Alcohol Abuse”, almost ten years after its launch, with a view to a renewed commitment towards horizon 2030 and the attainment of the “Sustainable Development Goals” in the field of health.
Chemico-Biological Interactions - Alcohol policies and alcohol-attributable cancer mortality in U.S. States
Although more restrictive alcohol control policies (e.g., higher alcohol taxes) are related to lower levels of alcohol consumption, little is known about the relationship between alcohol policies and rates of alcohol-attributable cancer.
The Telegraph (UK) - Unhealthy lifestyles fuel a 50 per cent rise in UK deaths from liver cancer
Britain's obesity epidemic has fuelled a 50 per cent rise in deaths from liver cancer in just a decade, new figures show.

Thursday, October 31, 2019

Alcohol News - 44/2019

Medical News Today - Alcohol intake and reduced brain volume: What explains the link?
Excessive alcohol consumption carries many risks, including heart and liver problems, a higher risk of cancer, and even brain damage.
McKnight's Long Term Care News - Common medications mixed with alcohol may increase falls risk
Some common medications may interact with alcohol, making seniors more vulnerable to falls, according to a new study from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland.
Healthline - How Marijuana Use Can Increase Your Risk for an Alcohol Overdose
If you use alcohol along with other drugs, you may be increasing your risk for an alcohol overdose, researchers say.
East Africa Monitor (Uganda) - Uganda finally taking a stand for effective alcohol regulation
In a long-overdue move, Ugandan authorities have approved the National Alcohol Control Policy in a bid to curb alcohol abuse nationwide. With Ugandans among the highest consumers of alcohol in Africa— more than one-fifth of the population engages in binge drinking—and the alcohol industry pushing back against effective regulation at every turn, such a public health crackdown by Kampala will be no small undertaking.
The RiotACT (Australia) – Students consuming less alcohol but binge-drinking attitudes unchanged
Canberra university students are drinking less than they were three years ago, but attitudes towards binge drinking haven’t changed according to a new report released yesterday (30 October).
Science Daily - Years of education may impact drinking behavior and risk of alcohol dependence
Higher educational attainment -- spending more years in education -- may impact people's drinking behavior and reduce their risk of alcohol dependence, according to a new study.
The Daily Cardinal (USA) - City study shows correlation between alcohol-dense areas, police presence
A recent City of Madison study on the density of alcohol-selling establishments revealed a higher use of city resources associated with alcohol-dense areas.
BBC News - Cancer risk 30 times higher for smokers who drink, research suggests
Smokers who drink alcohol are 30 times more likely to get mouth or throat cancer than those who use tobacco or alcohol alone, new guidance suggests.
BBC News (UK) - Public alcohol ban by-law bid gathers 'mixed' response in Borders
A study into proposals for by-laws banning the consumption of alcohol in public places in the Borders has received a "mixed" response.
The Brussels Times (EU) - EU households spend more on alcohol and narotics than governments on the environment
The average EU household spent more on narcotics and alcohol throughout 2017 than EU governments did on environmental protection, new Eurostat figures show.
HospiMedica - Frequent Alcohol Consumption Linked to AF Risk
A new study reveals that people who imbibe small amounts of alcohol almost every day are more at risk of developing atrial fibrillation (AF) than occasional binge drinkers.
The Irish Sun (Ireland) - Alcohol major factor in three quarters of road deaths in off-peak hours, Road Safety Authority say
ALCOHOL was a major factor in 75 per cent of deaths on the roads in off-peak hours, research has revealed.
A new study by the University of Wisconsin Population Health Institute reveals the financial magnitude of adult binge drinking in Wisconsin.
ABC News (Australia) - Older people out-drink younger Australians on a regular basis
A 53-year-old mother out-drinking her 19-year-old son may be surprising, but new data shows this is a common trend for Australia's older generations.

Sunday, October 27, 2019

FASD News - 43/2019

The Advocate (Australia) - Senate inquiry into Foetal Alchol Spectrum Disorder hoped to instigate change
A mother raising national awareness about foetal alcohol spectrum disorder says governments must acknowledge FASD as a widespread social issue before more children are born with this preventable condition.
The Sector (Australia) - UQ researcher heads to Canada to study major cause of child psychological issues
University of Queensland (UQ) Associate Professor Deborah Askew will use her newly awarded Churchill Fellowship to visit urban First Nations communities in Canada and Alaska to learn more about a major cause of child psychological issues – fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
Independent Online (South Africa) - SA's cheap alcohol leaves Western Cape battling Foetal Alcohol Syndrome
South Africa’s “incredibly cheap” alcohol pricing and weekend binge drinking by women working on farms are some of the factors blamed for the prevalence of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) across the province. (New Zealand) - Alcohol firms 'nudge' women to drink during pregnancy, according to study
Big booze companies are spreading misinformation about how safe alcohol is to drink while pregnant, a new study has found. (Canada) - Should alcohol products on P.E.I. come with warnings about drinking and pregnancy?
Two fetal alcohol spectrum disorder experts from Australia say their country is moving in the right direction when it comes to preventing the disorder.
Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News - Epigenetic Targets Described for Treating Alcohol Abuse and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, and the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, have shown how acetate that is produced when the liver breaks down alcohol travels to the brain, where it is involved in epigenetic processes that impact on the expression of genes involved in learning and memory.
Mirage News - Alcohol industry-funded websites fail to give full evidence on key risks of alcohol consumption in pregnancy
Alcohol industry-funded bodies may increase health risk to pregnant women by disseminating misinformation on their websites, according to a new study published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
Guardian - Why men should stop drinking alcohol six months before trying for baby
Men should quit alcohol six months before trying for a baby to protect them from congenital heart diseases, scientists warn.
Science Daily - Consuming alcohol leads to epigenetic changes in brain memory centers
New research revealed a surprising pathway that shows alcohol byproducts travel to the brain to promote addiction memory. They show how acetate travels to the brain's learning system and directly alters proteins the regulate DNA function, impacting how some genes are expressed and ultimately affecting how mice behave when given environmental cues to consume alcohol. (South Africa) - South Africa: Foetal Alcohol Syndrome - 'Not Enough Support for Rural Women'
With high levels of Foetal Alcohol Syndrome in the Western Cape's rural areas, questions were raised on Tuesday about what the provincial Department of Social Development was doing to help vulnerable women and communities.
CanFASD (Canada) - Let’s Make FASD Part of the Conversation This Election
Federal election campaigns are currently underway in Canada and candidates across the nation are campaigning fiercely for your vote. There are many social, political, and environmental issues that are currently impacting Canada, as well as the rest of the world.

FASD Hub Australia - Training & Support
A look at the strengths, challenges and hopes for young Australians living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
Drymester GMHSC - #DRYMESTER FASD The Signs and Symptoms
#DRYMESTER Drinking any amount of alcohol can cause difficulties during pregnancy. This could result in Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), causing lifelong disabilities for your child.
Program Lead CAPCCPNPNetwork - Network Webinar Archive - FASD, October 2019
Archived Webinar of the Ontario Network of CAPC/CPNP Projects
originally presented: October 4, 2019 Title: Importance of Discussing Alcohol and Birth Control
Penn Medicine News - Drinking to Remember: Consuming Alcohol Leads to Epigenetic Changes in Brain Memory Centers
Penn study of mouse models show clear implications for new targets to treat alcohol abuse syndrome and fetal alcohol syndrome

Rural and remote Health - Overcoming the challenges of caring for a child with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a Pilbara community perspective.
The caregivers in this study have gained valuable knowledge and wisdom through caring for a child with FASD that can benefit health professionals and the broader community.
Expansion of risk‐based prevention strategies for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in the US and Canada would be economically efficient and worthwhile investment for society.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Fixing Our Aim to Aim for the Fix
FASD continues to be an enigma. Prevalence rates are high, but rates of diagnosis are low. FASD poses a huge clinical and public health burden, yet it receives only modest attention from clinicians.
bioRxiv - Genetic and bioinformatic approaches to characterize ethanol teratogenesis
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) describes the full range of defects that result from prenatal alcohol exposure. The clinical diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe outcome, characterized by facial dysmorphism and neurological deficits.
bioRxiv - A reduction in convergent extension underlies susceptibility to midfacial hypoplasia in the ethanol-sensitive mutant, vangl2
Consistent with an indirect model, a critical source of Shh signaling that separates the developing eye field into bilateral eyes, allowing the expansion of the midface, becomes mispositioned in ethanol-exposed vangl2 mutants.
BMJ open - Jandu Yani U ‘For All Families’ Triple P—positive parenting program in remote Australian Aboriginal communities: a study protocol for a community intervention trial
The population-based (Lililwan) study of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) revealed a high prevalence of FASD in the remote communities of the Fitzroy Valley, Western Australia (WA) and confirmed anecdotal reports from families and teachers that challenging child behaviours were a significant concern. - The impact of traumatic childhood experiences on cognitive and behavioural functioning in children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can cause lasting physical damage to the developing foetus including the brain. This brain damage can manifest as cognitive dysfunction and behavioural difficulties, which can be diagnosed as foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Developing a Case for Prevention
Children with FASD have many deficiencies, there are also many hidden strengths that can be analyzed and improved upon. FASD also is able to be looked at from a wide variety of angles, including an ecological perspective and though Piaget?s Theory of Cognitive Development.
Drug metabolism reviews - Quantifying fetal alcohol exposure by meconium fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE); association with adverse fetal outcomes and population estimates of fetal alcohol exposure
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) describes the wide range of adverse physical, behavioral and cognitive effects resulting from ethanol exposure during embryonic and fetal development.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Spatial Navigation in Children and Young Adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Rodent studies have consistently shown that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) impairs performance on the Morris water maze (MWM), a test of spatial navigation. A previous study comparing boys with fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) to controls found poorer performance on the virtual water maze (VWM), a human analogue of the MWM.
Frontiers in Pharmacology - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Misregulates Genes Involved In Iron Homeostasis Promoting A Mal-Adaptation Of Iron Dependent Hippocampal Synaptic Transmission And Plasticity.
Prenatal ethanol exposure (PAE) induces behavioral maladptations in offspring, including a deficit in memory formation which is part of the umbrella sign of Fetal Alcohol spectrum disorder. - Experiences of health care professionals regarding management of fetal alcohol syndrome in the Khomas region of Namibia
The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of health care professionals regarding the management of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) in the Khomas Region of Namibia. - From evidence to awareness, from epidemiological studies to government action and activity
From the first time international FASD-day was celebrated in South Africa in 1999 many researchers and organisations have worked on putting the spotlight on this public health concern. - The effects of moderate prenatal ethanol exposure on anxiety in a rodent model.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders encompass a range of behavioral and structural consequences following exposure to ethanol in utero. The goal of this study was to develop a rodent model of voluntary ethanol consumption during pregnancy. - Prenatal alcohol exposure disrupts Shh pathway and primary cilia genes in the mouse neural tube
Neurulation-stage alcohol exposure (NAE; embryonic day [E] 8-10) is associated with midline craniofacial and CNS defects that likely arise from disruption of morphogen pathways, such as Sonic hedgehog (Shh).
Journal of studies on alcohol and Drugs - Adverse Health Outcomes Associated With Fetal Alcohol Exposure: A Systematic Review Focused on Cardio–Renal Outcomes
The purpose of this study was to undertake a comprehensive review to identify all the available preclinical and clinical literature investigating cardiovascular and renal outcomes in offspring with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE).
Research in Developmental Disabilities - A fetal alcohol spectrum disorder diagnostic service and beyond: Outcomes for families
Given the global need for standardised FASD diagnostic procedures and accurate reporting of prevalence rates, the current study provides a contribution to the emerging diagnostic FASD literature, and insight into families’ experiences who have children diagnosed with FASD.

DELFI (Lithuania) - Likus pusmečiui iki kūdikio pradėjimo, vyrai turėtų atsisakyti šio įpročio
Ne tik moterys turėtų nustoti vartoti alkoholį prieš pastodamos – naujas tyrimas rodo, kad prieš pradedant kūdikį, vyrai irgi turėtų nevartoti alkoholio, rašoma tinklalapyje
Ärzte Zeitung (Germany) - Besser keinen Alkohol bei Kinderwunsch!
Wirkt sich Alkoholkonsum vor der Befruchtung negativ auf das Ungeborene aus? Das haben chinesische Forscher untersucht. (Spain) - Identifican la clave de las recaídas en el alcoholismo
Los resultados del estudio son útiles para el posible tratamiento del trastorno por consumo de alcohol y, además, podrían tener implicaciones para comprender y combatir el síndrome de alcoholismo fetal
Cinque Quotidiano (Italy) - Salute, pediatri Cipe Lazio: campagna no-alcol in gravidanza in piazza a Roma
La campagna “No-alcol in gravidanza” sbarca in “Salute in piazza”, la giornata di sensibilizzazione e informazione sui temi legati al benessere e al vivere sani.
Ketju (Finland) - Enemmän huomiota FASD-lapsiin
”Muistan, millaista oli olla lapsi. Joitakin asioita muistan jopa ajalta, jolloin olin neljävuotias. Lapsena minusta tuntui usein, että aikuiset eivät ymmärrä lapsia aivan kuin he olisivat unohtaneet, millaista lapsen elämä on”, kertoo tuore lapsiasiavaltuutettu Elina Pekkarinen.

Thursday, October 24, 2019

Alcohol News - 43/2019

The Conversation AU (Australia) - How big alcohol is trying to fool us into thinking drinking is safer than it really is
The alcohol industry has labelled the current guidelines (two standard drinks per day and four in any heavy episode of drinking) as harsh, and voiced concern the guidelines may be tightened further.
Medical News Today - Atrial fibrillation: Daily alcoholic drink riskier than binge drinking
A new study suggests that drinking small amounts of alcohol frequently rather than having infrequent bouts of binge drinking is more likely to increase the risk of developing atrial fibrillation (A-fib), a condition in which the heart beats irregularly.
The Economist (UK) - Alcohol firms promote moderate drinking, but it would ruin them
Of all the substances people intoxicate themselves with, alcohol is the least restricted and causes the most harm. Many illegal drugs are more dangerous to those who use them, but are relatively hard to obtain, which limits their impact.
BBC - Can drinking red wine ever be good for us?
Want to boost your health? Eating more fruits and vegetables, and exercising, remain the best and most proven ways to do it – not pouring yourself a glass of wine.
Inverse - Scientists now know how alcohol tricks your brain into craving more alcohol
By the end of the evening, the taste of alcohol fades, but traces of the memories formed with a drink in hand linger on for years. The exact content of those memories might be hazy the next day, but the smells, sounds and sites of a familiar bar can be enough to trigger a strong alcohol craving that emanates from deep in the brain. Now scientists have an idea of why these memories feel so strong.
Around 25 shops and liquor stores in the Red Light District will not be allowed to sell alcohol on Wednesday afternoon in the run-up to the Champions League match between Ajax and Chelsea. Bars will be allowed to serve alcohol, but only for consumption in the bar. The municipality of Amsterdam hopes to prevent problems caused by drunk football fans, Het Parool reports.
Cancer Network - Cancer Atlas Points to Global Burden of Alcohol as Carcinogen
Some 4.2% of all cancer deaths were caused by alcohol consumption, according to the third edition of Cancer Altas, a report co-penned by the American Cancer Society (ACS), the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).
Medical Xpress - Global alcohol marketing treaty could reduce drinking harm
A Massey University researcher is calling for an international convention to control alcohol marketing similar to the one that has been used to help reduce tobacco harm worldwide.
ABC News (Australia) - Alcohol-related domestic violence and assaults drop dramatically one year on from floor price introduction
There has been a 26 per cent decrease in alcohol-related assaults in the Northern Territory since it introduced the country's first alcohol floor price and rolled out a range of new measures.
YLE News (Finland) - Alko runs afoul of law, ends wine tasting courses
State-owned alcohol monopoly retailer Alko has indefinitely suspended its public wine tasting courses. The decision follows a probe into the sessions by the National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health, Valvira, earlier this autumn.
Edinburgh News (Scotland) - Call to hide alcohol from view in shops, just like cigarettes
SHOPS should be required to screen alcohol from public view just like cigarettes, Edinburgh’s deputy council leader Cammy Day has said.
Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Young people changing Ireland's relationship with alcohol says community group
Young people are calling time on Ireland's problematic relationship with alcohol. Today marks the first anniversary of the Public Health Alcohol Act, and a group are delivering a message to "Enact the Act." (New Zealand) - Kiwi experts call for global clamp-down on big alcohol's sport sponsorship
The Rugby World Cup is "saturated" with booze sponsors but alcohol has no place in international or local sport, experts say. - Harm to Others from Drinking: Harm to Others from Drinking: Patterns in Nine Societies
The perception and attribution of problems related to alcohol consumption are sensitive to cultural contexts and change over time. Sometimes drinking may be related to an event (for example, a cart overturning in a ditch) that is not even recognized as caused by alcohol consumption.
IAS (UK) - Alcohol & marketing: IAS conference & report on gender stereotypes
This week the Institute of Alcohol Studies (IAS) held a conference on Alcohol & marketing: protecting the vulnerable with a range of presentations, audio , and animations available to download.
The New York Times - How Drinking Less Solved a Lot of Problems
Though I come from a family of beer drinkers, I was never much into drinking. I rarely drank as a teenager, and even into my 20s, drinking didn’t play a big part in my life, other than the fruity cocktails I enjoyed on occasion.

Thursday, October 17, 2019

Alcohol News - 42/2019

BBC News (Wales) - Welsh minimum alcohol price set for March 2020
A law setting a minimum alcohol price in Wales will come into force on 2 March, under Welsh Government plans.
The Guardian - Alcohol industry 'puts pregnant women at risk', researchers say
Alcohol firms and bodies they fund are encouraging women to drink in pregnancy – putting their unborn child in danger – by publishing false and misleading information about the risks involved, new research claims.
Medical Xpress - Alcohol preloading leads to increased intoxication
People who preload alcohol before a night out drink more than they predict and are more intoxicated at the end of the night a Griffith University study has found.
Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Alcohol a factor in more than half of fatal fires
Long-awaited minimum unit pricing will help reduce the risk of fire deaths, says Alcohol Action Ireland. (Ireland) - Minister to seek approval on minimum pricing for alcohol
The Minister for Health has confirmed that he will seek Cabinet approval on the minimum unit price of alcohol by the end of the year.
The Conversation CA (Canada) - Canada needs an Alcohol Act to address the damage caused by this deadly carcinogen
With the opioid overdose crisis, concern about teens using electronic cigarettes and our fascination with the legalization of cannabis, our most dangerous legal drug continues to be ignored by Canadian policy-makers.
Washington Post (USA) - Bill would require new vehicles to have alcohol detectors to fight drunken driving
A new push is underway for federal legislation that would require new U.S. vehicles to have alcohol-detecting devices that stop drunk drivers before they get on the road. - Alcohol firms 'nudge' women to drink during pregnancy, according to study
Big booze companies are spreading misinformation about how safe alcohol is to drink while pregnant, a new study has found.
The Independent (UK) - Alcohol tax cuts cause nearly 2,000 extra deaths in seven years, study finds
Cuts in alcohol tax have led to nearly 2,000 extra deaths and more than 100,000 extra crimes in England in seven years, according to new research.
Contemporary Obgyn (USA) - Older women are consuming more alcohol
A new study indicates that binge drinking is becoming more prevalent among middle-aged women and clinicians need to do a better job of screening their patients for the condition. The results were presented at the North American Menopause Society 2019 Annual Meeting.
GMA - Babies at higher risk of heart defects if dad drinks alcohol before conception: Study
Does a dad's drinking matter as much as a mom's before conception? Researchers in China believe that a father's alcohol intake may actually affect a future child more than a mother's.
The Brussels Times (Belgium) - New measure banning alcohol consumption in central Brussels announced
The mayor of Brussels, Philippe Close, announced on Monday the introduction of a new measure to counter alcohol consumption in central Brussels.
AsiaOne (Hng Kong) - 'One day at a time': How a Hong Kong alcoholic gave up booze
"They call it 'the great remover': it removes everything that makes you happy," says Norm (not his real name) on the insidiousness of alcohol addiction.
GhanaWeb (Ghana) - Government urged to increase taxes on tobacco and alcohol in 2020 Budget
Stakeholders fighting against the spread of Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in the country are proposing an increment in taxes on tobacco, cigarette, alcohol and other sugar-sweetened products to increase their prices so as to make them unattractive for consumption.
University of Victoria (Finland) - New report - Finnish alcohol policy at the crossroads
A new study, commissioned by the Finnish alcohol monopoly, Alko and led by researchers at CISUR and a team of international experts, was released today, titled Finnish alcohol policy at the crossroads: The health, safety and economic consequences of alternative systems to manage the retail sale of alcohol.