Wednesday, November 28, 2018

Alcohol News - 48/2018

BBC News (Scotland) - TV alcohol adverts could face '9pm watershed'
Drink adverts could be banned on TV before the "9pm watershed" under Scottish government plans to curb alcohol abuse.
USA TODAY (USA) - Fixes for the US drinking problem are hard to sell
When health officials wanted to reduce deaths from tobacco, they spread messages about the proven cancer risks, pushed to ban smoking in public places and worked to raise taxes on cigarettes. (Scotland) - More than 35,000 alcohol-related hospital admissions in a year in Scotland
More than 23,000 Scots were taken to hospital because of their drinking last year, with people from the most deprived areas seven times more likely to need help than those in the most affluent.
Fortune (USA) - Alcohol-Related Deaths Are On the Rise with Death Rate of Women Increasing Dramatically
Alcohol related deaths are on a sharp rise in the United States, according to new research published by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington, first reported by USA Today.
Science Daily - Alcohol dependence, psychiatric disorders share genetic links
An international team of researchers has identified a gene that regulates how quickly the body metabolizes alcohol as a key risk factor for alcohol dependence. The researchers also linked genetic factors associated with alcohol dependence to other psychiatric disorders.
The Independent (UK) - Alcohol is killing women at an alarming rate – so why aren’t we talking about it?
Women are the target of a force-fed story that wine is their best friend, “mommy-juice” makes children more tolerable, low-calorie booze is good for them, a glass of red wine a night is healthy – and that all of this is perfectly okay, just don’t get addicted.
The National - Health expert calls for minimum alcohol pricing across Europe
THE rest of the UK and Europe should follow Scotland’s example by introducing minimum unit pricing (MUP) for alcohol, a health expert has said.
10News - Lowering alcohol use increases mental health, study shows
The San Diego-based Institute of Public Strategies reminded residents Tuesday that reduced alcohol usage plays a large part in suicide prevention and increased mental health, especially among teenagers and young adults.
The Irish Sun (Ireland) - Ireland set to become the first European country to adopt World Health Organisation recommendations to reduce alcohol harm
Today, Ireland will become the first European country to adopt World Health Organisation recommendations to reduce alcohol harm.
BBC News (Scotland) - Public health approach at heart of new drug and alcohol strategy
Scotland's first drugs strategy for a decade focuses on treating the issue as a public health concern rather than a criminal justice issue.
Scottish Government (Scotland) - Alcohol Framework 2018
Updated framework setting out our national prevention aims on alcohol.
Oxford University Press Blog - Anywhere, anytime: children’s exposure to alcohol marketing
Alcohol is linked to over 200 medical conditions, causes a number of cancers and a raft of social issues that collectively place a major burden on society. Children are particularly susceptible to the harms from alcohol consumption due to their developing brains and inexperience regarding consumption risks.
IAS - Nanny states and grown-up debates on alcohol policy
Debates on alcohol policy are necessarily complex and controversial, and a complete consensus on how we should regulate this area will not be achieved. Like other lawful but regulated products, alcohol presents benefits and harms that may be understood from ranging perspectives.
NDARC (Australia) - Women’s alcohol consumption catching up to men: why this matters
Women are catching up to men in rates of alcohol consumption and this has important implications for how we think about our community response to harmful alcohol use.
University of Sidney (Australia) - Alcohol marketing code failing to protect young people: new report
The alcohol industry’s code of conduct does not adequately protect young people from exposure to alcohol marketing, University of Sydney research reveals.
The Lancet (UK) - Alcohol drinking patterns and liver cirrhosis risk: analysis of the prospective UK Million Women Study
In middle-aged women, cirrhosis incidence increases with total alcohol intake, even at moderate levels of consumption. For a given weekly intake of alcohol, this excess incidence of cirrhosis is higher if consumption is usually without meals, or with daily drinking.
News Medical - Recently diagnosed cancer patients more likely to drink alcohol and use tobacco, finds study
Recently diagnosed cancer survivors are more likely to drink alcohol, use tobacco, and frequent tanning beds than people in later stages of recovery, according to a research team from the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute and Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center.
The Guardian - Letting children try alcohol at home won’t deter binge drinking, say UK experts
Parents are being urged to delay the moment their child first drinks alcohol because it can damage the growing brain.
WCRF - Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer: a Global Perspective. Alcoholic Drinks and the risk of cancer

Wednesday, November 14, 2018

Alcohol News - 46/2018

CNN (USA) - All adults should be screened for unhealthy alcohol use, new guidelines say
All adults, including pregnant women, should be screened for unhealthy alcohol use by their primary care physicians, the United States Preventive Services Task Force advises.
ERR News (Estonia) - Study: Majority of Estonian residents support laxer alcohol policy
More than half of all Estonian residents support as liberal an alcohol policy as possible or one with few restrictions (54% in all), while another third favour more stringent restrictions, according to the alcohol yearbook, titled "Market, consumption and damages of alcohol in Estonia," introduced at a National Institute for Health Development (NIHD) conference on Tuesday.
Medical Xpress - Alcohol ads with pro-drinking comments on Facebook boost desire to drink
Alcohol advertisements on social media sites such as Facebook can increase young adults' desire to drink if the ads contain pro-drinking comments from users. That's according to new research in the current issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
EurekAlert - Colder, darker climates increase alcohol consumption and liver disease
Where you live could influence how much you drink. According to new research from the University of Pittsburgh Division of Gastroenterology, people living in colder regions with less sunlight drink more alcohol than their warm-weather counterparts.
BBC News (Northern Ireland) - Alcohol poisoning in children on the rise
More than 300 children have been admitted to hospital in Northern Ireland for alcohol poisoning in the last six years, the BBC has learned.
The Irish Sun (Ireland) - Government ‘move to introduce Minimum Alcohol Pricing Bill within weeks’ to stop supermarkets slashing booze prices for Christmas
THE Government is looking to bring a new bill into force to restrict Irish supermarkets from slashing booze prices before Christmas, it has emerged. (South Korea) -South Korea to restrict alcohol advertising, including by models
South Korea will ban advertisements by models drinking alcohol and beer gulping sound effects to entice viewers as part of measures to discourage high booze usage and prevent alcohol-related crimes.
Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Alcohol Awareness Week: How to talk to your children about alcohol
As children get older, one of the important ongoing conversations parents need to have with them is about alcohol.
Business Today (India) - Safety comes first! India lot stricter than other countries on alcohol limit for pilots
On Monday, the aviation sector watchers raised a toast to the regulator DGCA for suspending the flying license of Air India director of operations Arvind Kathpalia after he failed the alcohol test recently before his scheduled flight as pilot.
Birmingham Live (UK) - Record numbers of Birmingham kids excluded from school over drugs and alcohol
Record numbers of children are being excluded from Birmingham schools for using or supplying drugs, alcohol and cigarettes.
Caribbean News Now (Grenada) - Grenada PM planning to cut back on sale of alcohol to teenagers
The government of Prime Minister Dr Keith Mitchell is planning to cut back on the sale of alcohol to teenagers in Grenada before he leaves political office. The prime minister wants to ban the sale of alcohol to young people, especially young people of school age.
Read more
Business Insider - Sundar Pichai is ending Google's once famous partying culture by limiting drinking at work and threatening 'more onerous actions'
In response to a recent employee walkout protesting how Google has handled sexual-harassment cases, CEO Sundar Pichai released new policies for employees on Thursday.
Winthrop P. Rockefeller Cancer Institute - Alcohol and Cancer Risk
There is a strong scientific consensus that alcohol drinking can cause several types of cancer (1, 2). In its Report on Carcinogens, the National Toxicology Program of the US Department of Health and Human Services lists consumption of alcoholic beverages as a known human carcinogen.
BDJ - Alcohol and mouth cancer
There is now considered to be no safe limit for alcohol intake. Studies have shown that risk of mouth cancer increases with greater alcohol intake (in particular when associated with the use of tobacco).
Standard Media (Kenya) - Heavy-drinking women top in cancer screening
Women in Kenya who drink heavily are more likely to screen for cervical cancer than light drinkers or abstainers, a Ministry of Health report has said.
Swissinfo (Switzerland) - Binge drinking on the rise among young women
In Switzerland, binge drinking is commonplace among teenagers and young adults aged 34 and under. This is the conclusion of the 2017 Swiss Health Survey published by the Federal Statistical Office.
Daily Mail (UK) - 1 in 3 US veterans suffers depression and 25% binge-drink, survey finds
Depression and binge-drinking is woefully common among veterans, survey data show. The tormenting mental health condition affects one in four unemployed veterans and one in three who do work.
Hindustan Times (India) - Drink driving cases in Delhi up by 27%
As many as 33,000 people were caught driving in an inebriated state on Delhi’s roads this year, around 27% higher than last year, data from Delhi traffic police shows.

Sunday, November 11, 2018

FASD News - 45/2018

HuffPost UK - An Open Letter to Prince Harry and Meghan – And All Parents-To-Be
You are expecting a baby! Oh, the dreams and hopes and joy of it all. Congratulations from one British-American family to another. Each of us wants a bright future for our children, no matter how many ‘u-s’ we have in our words or ‘zeds’ that fall by the wayside.
Radio New Zealand (New Zealand) - Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder workshop response overwhelms organiser
A hui about foetal alcohol spectrum disorder has received so much interest it's had to be moved to a bigger venue - and there's still a waitlist.
The Advocate (Tasmania) - Support from Tasmania for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder warning labels on alcohol packaging
The state’s peak drug and alcohol body says alcohol packaging should be mandatorily labelled to warn pregnant women about the harm of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. (Canada) - Northern Saskatchewan program raises awareness of alcohol-related harms
New funding has allowed the Saskatchewan Prevention Institute to expand, allowing the Youth Action for Prevention (YAP) program to better engage people in northern areas of the province about the harms of alcohol.
The Globe and Mail (Canada) - Study finds newborns of Ontario women with developmental disabilities are more likely to be taken into protective custody
Newborns of Ontario women with intellectual and developmental disabilities are 30 times more likely to be taken into protective custody than the rest of the population, according to a new study that says these separations can be harmful to both babies and their mothers.
At CanFASD, we have been working to create a common definition of FASD for use in a Canadian context.
Revere Health - The Reality of Drinking During Pregnancy
If you have recently become pregnant, you’re probably receiving a lot of advice from family and friends regarding pregnancy dos and don’ts. Some of the advice you hear may be contradictory.

Alcohol Healthwatch - Our Science, Our Stories: 2nd Australasian FASD Conferenc (AUSTRALIA 21-22 NOV 2018)
We encourage you to attend this important conference, happening at a critical time of FASD action in both Australia and New Zealand.
CTRI - Live Stream: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder – Strategies for Supporting (Mar 12 - Mar 13, 2019)
This workshop will review five pillars for success when supporting individuals with FASD. These include a focus on Strengths, Healthy Relationships, Promoting FASD Self Awareness, Adaptations Strategies, and Team-Based Support.

IHDCYH Talks Entretiens de l'IDSEA - What it takes: Supporting loved ones with FASD
Dorothy Reid, Family Advisory Committee, Can FASD Research Network.
FASD Network of Saskatchewan – You received an FASD diagnosis. Now What? Infographic
Receiving an FASD diagnosis can seem overwhelming but here are 5 general tasks that can help start you on your journey with FASD.
EFAN - FASD Strategies, Not Solutions
This Booklet is designed for caregivers and professionals who, in their everyday lives, encounter children and youth affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
The Mom's View - FASD: The Reality of Drinking During Pregnancy #tmvfeature
Today on The Mom's View, we welcome special guest, Judy (, to give us some insight on her life and her advocacy for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
Telethon Kids Institute - ALCOHOL AND PREGNANCY
Many people ask what is a safe amount to drink when pregnant? The answer is that the only way to guarantee that a child will not be born with FASD is to completely abstain from alcohol throughout a pregnancy.
Proof Alliance - Exciting News from MOFAS
MOFAS has officially been renamed Proof Alliance. Our mission remains the same: to prevent prenatal alcohol exposure and to improve the quality of life for people living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Proof Alliance - We used to smoke on airplanes. Drive without seatbelts. Use lead paint and asbestos. But then we woke up. Looked at the facts. And, as a society, we decided to change things.
My Healthy Globe - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
FASD Awareness SE #BEAWARE - FASD #Be Aware
The film was commissioned by the Charity FASD Awareness SE, to draw a greater awareness of the condition and its impact on individuals, families, care-givers and society in general.
FASD Awareness SE #BEAWARE - Reasons Women Drink While Pregnant
This film was commissioned by the Charity FASD Awareness SE. These films are a powerful tool to help FASD Awareness SE promote and educate the public worldwide of the possible effects drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause to a developing foetus.
Saskatchewan Ministry of Education - Planning for Students with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
This document is intended to assist educators in meeting the needs of students who are affected by prenatal alcohol exposure. Across Saskatchewan, school personnel have been working to find the best approaches for meeting the needs of all students.
read more
Special Books by Special Kids - Living with an Invisible Disability (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder)
Johnny is diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol syndrome. His biological mother abused drugs and alcohol while he was in the womb. Now, his adoptive sister has committed to be his guardian as they enter adulthood together.

Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Coordinated Tcf7l2 regulation in a mouse model implicates Wnt signaling in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Mouse models of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) have repeatedly identified genes with long-term changes in expression, DNA methylation, noncoding RNA and histone modifications in response to neurodevelopmental alcohol exposure.
BMC Public Health - Exploring service providers’ perspectives on the prevention and management of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in South Africa: a qualitative study
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is among the leading causes of developmental and intellectual disabilities in individuals. Although efforts are being made toward the prevention and management of FASD in South Africa, the prevalence remains high.
PsyArXiv - Systematic literature review on which maternal alcohol behaviors are related to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is a worldwide problem. Maternal alcohol consumption is an important risk factor for FASD. It remains unknown which alcohol consumption patterns most strongly predict FASD. The objective of this study was to identify these.
BMC Public Health - A systematic review of prevention interventions to reduce prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in indigenous communities
Overall, there is little evidence that previous interventions aiming to reduce the risk of prenatal alcohol exposure or FASD in Indigenous populations have been effective.
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Speech Impairment in Boys With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Findings indicate that the speech impairment in boys with FASD results from a combination of deficits in multiple subsystems and should be approached as a disorder rather than a developmental delay.
Journal of Addiction Medicine - A Multicountry Updated Assessment of the Economic Impact of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Costs for Children and Adults
The data on the economic burden of FASD are scarce, and the existing estimates likely underestimate the full economic impact of this disorder on the affected individuals, their caregivers, and society.
Journal of addiction medicine - A Current Evaluation of the Economic Costs for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD): A Comment on the Systematic Review by Greenmeyer et al.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is common and associated with economic costs greater than comparable other childhood and adult disorders. We need to turn our attention to prevention and mitigation.
Early Human Development - Dermatoglyphics in children prenatally exposed to alcohol: Fluctuating asymmetry (FA) as a biomarker of alcohol exposure
Heavy prenatal ethanol exposure (demonstrated by high levels of FAEEs) alters the neuroectoderm developmental program during pregnancy: PAE correlates with FAABRC, which behaves as a dermatoglyphic variable sensitive to FASD and deserves to be studied as a surrogate marker of neurodevelopmental damage during foetal development.
Human Kinetics Journals - FAST Club: The Impact of a Physical Activity Intervention on Executive Function in Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Physical activity (PA) has been demonstrated to have positive effects on cognitive function, particularly executive function (EF) skills. Animal models suggest PA may be effective in ameliorating some of the neuropsychological effects of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), but this approach has not been extended to humans.
Alcohol - Neonatal alcohol exposure augments voluntary ethanol intake in the absence of potentiated anxiety-like behavior induced by chronic intermittent ethanol vapor exposure
These data recapitulate clinical observations of enhanced sensitivity for alcohol dependence following developmental alcohol exposure, which may reflect enhanced motivational drive rather than potentiated negative affect.
Pediatric Neuropsychiatry - A Diagnosis of Exclusion: Demystifying Neurodevelopmental Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Neurodevelopmental disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (ND-PAE) is the DSM-5 diagnostic term to describe the effects of alcohol exposure on the central nervous system and brain during the embryonic and fetal period.
Hypertension Research - Association between alcohol consumption during pregnancy and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in Japan: the Japan Environment and Children’s Study
This study examined the association between maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy in the Japan Environment and Children’s Study, a nationwide birth cohort study.
Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Prenatal alcohol exposure and offspring alcohol use and misuse at 22 years of age: A prospective longitudinal study
These results indicate that individuals exposed to as little as one drink per day during gestation are at risk of higher levels of drinking and more problems with alcohol by age 22.
2018 40th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBC) - Influence of prenatal alcohol and smoke exposure on neonatal vagal tone in response to head-up tilt
This paper investigates differences in the parasympathetically mediated heart rate response to head-up tilt in two populations of newborns. One group was unexposed to any drug during pregnancy, the other was exposed to both alcohol and smoking in utero.
Birth defects Research - Gestational age and socioeconomic status as mediators for the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on development at 6 months
Results suggest that PAE is associated with higher rates of preterm birth and that alcohol's effect on development in infancy may be both direct and mediated by shortened length of gestation.
Pediatrics in Review - Effect of Maternal Substance Abuse on the Fetus, Neonate, and Child
The abuse of certain drugs or medications during pregnancy can have detrimental effects on the fetus and neonate. Previous research has shown that 5% of pregnant women use 1 or more addictive substances.
Pediatrics - Comment on Drinking or Smoking While Breastfeeding and Later Cognition in Children
Several members of our research team read with interest the recent article by Gibson and Porter,1 entitled “Drinking or Smoking While Breastfeeding and Later Cognition in Children.”

SÜDKURIER Online (Germany) - Der Konstanzer Samuel ist 21 Jahre alt und trinkt keinen Alkohol: Weil seine Mutter während der Schwangerschaft trank, ist er seit seiner Geburt trockener Alkoholiker
Wenn die Freunde nach dem Sport anstoßen, greift Samuel zu Spezi oder Apfelschorle. Seine Mutter hat während der Schwangerschaft getrunken, der 21-jährige Konstanzer muss deshalb den Rest seines Lebens mit den Folgen des Fetalen Alkoholsyndroms leben.
Quarks (Germany) - Weibliches Video: Fetales Alkoholsyndrom: Hirnschäden durch Alkohol in Schwangerschaft
Das Trinken von Alkohol während ihrer Schwangerschaft kann dazu führen, dass das Baby einer Frau mit Geburtsfehlern und Entwicklungsstörungen geboren wird. In der Tat ist Alkohol (Bier, Wein oder Schnaps) die Hauptursache vermeidbarer Geburtsfehler und Entwicklungsstörungen in den Vereinigten Staaten.

Thursday, November 8, 2018

Alcohol News - 45/2018 (Canada) - Alcohol is killing Canadians, so why are we still drinking?
Most of us are aware of the commonly held belief that drinking wine is good for your heart, but few of us understand the serious dangers of drinking alcohol — even when it’s just one glass.
The Sydney Morning Herald (Thailand) - Alcohol recognised as leading cause of harm at global safety conference
Global safety experts meeting in Bangkok on Wednesday agreed to recognise that harmful alcohol use contributes to morbidity, injury and violence in all types of injuries. - Blackouts and Memory Gaps: How Alcohol and Trauma Affect the Brain
Dissociation is most common in trauma that involves a betrayal of trust. This is a survival mechanism that protects our need for social support.
Medical Xpress - Alcohol industry health campaigns miss the mark by a longshot
Alcohol industry social responsibility schemes strengthen their own commercial interests while failing to reduce harmful alcohol use, according to a new worldwide study led by the University of Connecticut.
Brunel University News (UK) - Alcohol most misjudged drug when it comes to harm
People young and old underestimate the dangers of alcohol more than any other drug, shows a new study from Brunel University London.
The Guardian (Australia/New Zealand) - Alcohol misuse by over-50s on rise in Australia and New Zealand, study finds
Adults over 50 in Australia and New Zealand are increasingly drinking at hazardous levels requiring hospitalisation, research presented at an international alcohol conference on Tuesday has found.
Irish Times (Ireland) - Alcohol advertising to be banned near schools from November 2019
Alcohol advertising will be banned within 200 metres of a school, crèche or a local authority playground from November 2019.
Donnybrookmail (Australia) - State government continue to mull over minimum alcohol price
Pressure is mounting again on the WA state government to introduce a minimum floor price for alcohol.
NHK WORLD (Japan) - Japan to set common alcohol standards for pilots
Japan's transport ministry is planning to create common standards for testing aircraft flight crew for alcohol levels. In recent cases, pilots with Japanese airlines were detained or missed flights because of excessive drinking.
IcelandReview (Iceland) - Increasing Support for Selling Alcohol in Stores
More Icelanders support the idea of selling beer and wine in grocery stores than last year, Vísir reports. The ratio of those supporting the sale of alcohol has increased by 5% in one year, from 31.1% to 36.1%. (Canada) - We're ignoring Canada's alcohol problem, chief public health officer warns
Canada's chief public health officer says she's worried about the rise in heavy drinking among Canadian women.
Wanted in Rome (Italy) - Rome extends alcohol ban
Rome mayor Virginia Raggi has banned the outdoor consumption of alcohol after 21.00 in the following areas: S. Lorenzo, Esquilino, the vicinity of Termini Station, Piazza Bologna, Viale Ippocrate and Piazzale delle Provincie.
The Advocate (Tasmania) - Alcohol a risk to unborn babies demanding education, awareness
Alcohol is a toxin that crosses the placenta and can disrupt development of the baby’s brain and other organs.
The Lancet - The global burden of disease attributable to alcohol and drug use in 195 countries and territories, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016
Alcohol and drug use can have negative consequences on the health, economy, productivity, and social aspects of communities.
Māori Television (New Zealand) - Māori children more exposed to alcohol marketing
Innovative camera research by the Universities of Otago and Auckland have found that Māori and Pacific children are five times more likely to be exposed to alcohol marketing than Pākehā children.
eCancer - Alcohol consumption and cognitive dissonance in the west
Prof Terry Slevin spoke to ecancer at the UICC World Cancer Congress in Kuala Lumpur about the attitude towards high cancer risk lifestyles, in particular alcohol.
Times of Malta (Malta) - Alcohol policy to be translated into law, action
An advisory body will help translate a new national alcohol policy into law and action - such as reviewing penalties for drink-driving and introducing new responsibilities for alcohol-serving venues.
The Lancet - New data to support much needed policy change
The systematic analysis of the global burden of disease attributable to alcohol and drug use from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 20161 published in The Lancet Psychiatry, is the most comprehensive and systematic global estimate to date of the adverse health effects of substance use.
Club of Mozambique (Mozambique) - Mozambique regulates alcohol business, consumption – report
The Mozambican government, through the National Inspection of Economic Activities (INAE), has launched a nationwide campaign to regulate the marketing and consumption of alcoholic beverages, particularly in the city of Maputo as part of a strategic bid to promote public health.