Thursday, August 27, 2020

Alcohol News - 34/2020

BBC News (UK) - Call for law change to strengthen labelling of alcohol

Health experts and charities have called on the UK and Scottish government to act on "inadequate" labelling of alcohol products.
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Deutche Welle (Germany) - Coronavirus: Germany's beer capital Munich to ban alcohol if cases rise
Munich will partially ban alcohol if coronavirus cases reach a certain threshold. The rule comes amid an uptick in infections in the city, often dubbed Germany's beer capital.
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Reykjavik Grapevine (Iceland) - Alcohol Consumption On The Rise Due To COVID-19
According to a Fréttablaðið report and sales numbers published by the State Alcohol and Tobacco Company of Iceland, ÁTVR, total sales so far this year are about 14% higher than last year, and particularly went up in March and April when the first wave of coronavirus infections was at its highest.
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EurekAlert (USA) - Premature deaths from alcoholic liver disease rising as gap between men and women narrows
Since the early 2000s, alcoholic liver disease deaths among non-Hispanic whites, particularly women, have increased more rapidly than rates among other ethnic groups., reports a new study in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
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ERR News (Estonia) - Police ban nighttime alcohol sales in Ida-Viru County
To stop the spread of the coronavirus infection, the police have banned the sales of alcohol during the night at the entertainment and catering establishments of Ida-Viru County as of Saturday. Prime Minister Jüri Ratas has said he supports the ban.
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Quartz (USA) - How Americans’ drinking is changing during the pandemic
New dietary guidelines (pdf) issued by the US Department of Agriculture last week suggest that men should limit their alcohol consumption to one drink per day, down from a previous limit of two. (For women, the recommendation has held steady at one drink per day.)
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People Management Magazine (UK) - Employer support on alcohol and drug misuse lacking, report finds
Organisations urged to treat this as a wellbeing rather than disciplinary issue, as research finds a quarter of employees are drinking more because of Covid-19.
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Independent Online (South Africa) - Link between alcohol consumption and increasing number of trauma cases in hospitals ’undeniable’
Gauteng acting MEC for Health Jacob Mamabolo says recent statistic have proven that there is a direct correlation between alcohol consumption as well as the increasing number of trauma cases that hospitals have to deal with.
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BBC News - Coronavirus: 'I became alcoholic during lockdown'
Before lockdown, Chris McLone was looking forward to a good year. In his late 40s, he felt fit and healthy, enjoying life with a successful career as a sales manager.
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Wauchope Gazette (Australia) - Harms of drinking alcohol at home are often overlooked
A 2020 poll of alcohol drinkers in Australia revealed that most drink higher quantities of alcohol while at home. It is a trend that started even before the COVID-19 lockdowns.
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The Brussels Time (Belgium) - Brussels-North bans sale of ‘takeaway’ alcohol after 10:00 PM
The mayors of the municipalities that make up the Brussels-North police zone prohibit the sale of “takeway” alcoholic drinks after 10:00 PM, following numerous complaints about nuisance in public places.
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British Liver Trust (UK) - British Liver Trust calls for alcohol strategy to tackle alcohol härm
The British Liver Trust is calling for the Government to adopt a joined up alcohol strategy to tackle the negative effects of the UK’s drinking culture and save lives.
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Alcohol Change (UK) - Drinking in the dark: alcohol labelling is failing consumers

Our new research, produced in collaboration with the Alcohol Health Alliance, has found that alcohol labels in the UK do not contain the information consumers need, and calls for mandatory comprehensive labelling.
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FARE (Australia) - Annual Alcohol Poll 2020: We drink more alcohol and most often at home – even before COVID-19 lockdowns
The home is where the majority of Australians who use alcohol have the largest quantity per occasion and drink most freque­­ntly, rather than at pubs, clubs or restaurants.
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NordAN - Dr Eeva Ollila: As long as alcohol advertising is allowed, campaigns may be of limited effectiveness
More attention to the negative effects of alcohol in terms of increasing many chronic diseases, including cancer, should be paid, argues dr Eeva Ollila, Senior Medical Officer at the Cancer Society of Finland.
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Thursday, August 20, 2020

Alcohol News - 33/2020

BBC News (South Africa) - South Africa: Queues as ban on alcohol and cigarettes ends
For the first time in weeks, South Africans are allowed to buy alcohol and cigarettes as the government relaxes lockdown restrictions introduced to curb the spread of coronavirus.
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The Journal (Ireland) - Pricing survey finds weekly alcohol limit can be reached for under €8
IRISH PEOPLE CAN reach their weekly limit for low-risk alcohol consumption for less than €8, according to a new price survey of the nation’s off-licences.
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News Medical - Language used to describe alcohol intoxication may give insight into drinking habits
People have always used different words to describe the inebriating effects of alcohol, from "blotto" in the 1920s to "honkers" in the 1950s. Now, new Penn State research suggests the language young adults use to describe the effects they feel from drinking may give insight into their drinking habits.
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ERR News (Latvia/Estonia) - Latvia's cross-border alcohol trade is flourishing again
Despite the lowering of the alcohol excise duty and travel restrictions implemented to stop the spread of coronavirus, Latvia's cross border trade is going well.
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Safety and Health (UK) - Survey finds many young adults think it’s OK to drink alcohol while pregnant
More than 1 out of 4 young adults don’t know pregnant women shouldn’t drink alcohol, results of a recent survey out of the United Kingdom show.
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The University of Newcastle (Australia) - Recognising the hazardous effects of ‘pre-loading’ with alcohol
Data from the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women’s Health (ALSWH) has revealed the significant risks associated with pre-loading with alcohol.
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Spectrum News (USA) - ABC Officials Say Alcohol Sales Videos No Laughing Matter
Experienced alcohol sales professionals on Friday said trying to disguise yourself as a senior won't get past a watchful cashier.
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Healio - Miscarriage risk increases with each week of alcohol consumption during pregnancy
The risk for miscarriage increases with each week of alcohol consumption in early pregnancy, regardless of the amount consumed, according to a study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
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Daily Mail (UK) - Giving youngsters small sips of beer and wine to encourage safe consumption increases risk of problem drinking
Allowing teenagers to have smalls sips of alcohol at home can increase their risk of problem drinking, a new study has found.
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The Sun (UK) - Millions of Brits are drinking more alcohol since the start of lockdown sparking addiction fears
MILLIONS of Brits are drinking more booze since the start of lockdown — sparking fears they could struggle to shake the habit.
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Croakey (Australia) - Alcohol harm hiding in the home
Pubs, clubs and restaurants have been off-limits for many during the COVID-19 pandemic, but this restriction hasn’t curbed Australians’ drinking habits.
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Flux Magazine (UK) - What we can all learn from the city that is encouraging people to ditch alcohol
‘Doing drinking differently’ is one official aim and outcome of a detailed consultation project into the impact of alcohol on one of the UK’s biggest cities – and perhaps there’s a message in there for us all.
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New Mexico department of Health (USA) - New Mexico’s alcohol-related death rate remains highest in the U.S.
The New Mexico Department of Health on Friday announced that New Mexico continues to have the highest rate of alcohol-related death in the U.S., according to a recently published report by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
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Intouch Public health (Australia) - Alcohol and young Australian women: a not so healthy mix
What do Drake, Pink and Luke Bryan have in common? These artists have the most songs with at least one reference to alcohol in the Billboard Hot 100 music charts. In fact, from 2007 to 2016, an average of 22.4 per cent of songs from Billboard’s Hot 100 year-end charts included one or more mentions of alcohol.
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Scoop (New Zealand) - Local Alcohol Policy Brings Stricter Controls On Sale And Supply Of Alcohol
The sale and supply of alcohol in Horowhenua will be subject to stricter controls in future, following Horowhenua District Council’s adoption of a Local Alcohol Policy for the district.
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Sunday, August 16, 2020

FASD News - 32/2020

Baby Gaga - Survey: 20% Of Women Drink In The First Trimester

Even though medical professionals have issued strong warnings against drinking alcohol during pregnancy, a new survey reveals that a surprising number of women admit to consuming alcohol while expecting.
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Baby Gaga - Is A Little Alcohol Ever Okay During Pregnancy?
Pregnancy comes with responsibility. You have to eat healthy meals, drink water, exercise, and the number one rule; do not take alcohol. Once moms discover that they are pregnant, they are told a list of rules which include not taking even a sip of alcohol.
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Healio - Miscarriage risk increases with each week of alcohol consumption during pregnancy
The risk for miscarriage increases with each week of alcohol consumption in early pregnancy, regardless of the amount consumed, according to a study published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
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RNZ (New Zealand) - Family fights chaotic system in caring for disabled foster child
A Woodville family says it has been a nightmare trying to get funding and support to look after their severely disabled foster child.
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Parent Herald - Reasons You Should Quit Alcohol When You Become Pregnant
If you are trying to conceive or you are already pregnant, then you should give up alcohol. Both the male and the mum should quit drinking if they want to conceive successfully.
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University of Otago (New Zealand) - Otago experts deemed ‘critic and conscience’ of society
Public health specialist Professor Michael Baker from the University of Otago, Wellington, today receives the Critic and Conscience of Society Award for his extraordinary efforts in keeping the citizens of New Zealand informed about the COVID-19 crisis and public health issues in general. While, lecturer and social worker Associate Professor Anita Gibbs also receives the award for her tireless advocacy raising the profile of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in New Zealand.
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Institute for Attachment and Child Development - 3 differences between FASD & RAD: Finding the right path
A couple doesn’t understand why things seem to get worse for their adopted child. Despite a diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and years of intervention treatment services, he continues to frighten his parents.
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COMING UP
BC Council for Families - Understanding Fetal Alcohol and Other Neurobehavioural Conditions: A Brain-Based Approach (Nov 4, 2020, Canada)
Fetal Alcohol / Neurobehavioural conditions (FA/NB) encompass the spectrum of brain-based conditions with a wide range of symptoms. This workshop establishes a research-informed foundation linking brain function with behaviours and introduces an emerging best practices approach to developing effective person-specific strategies in all settings.
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INOFAS - FASD In A Nutshell presented by INOFAS (Lunch & Learn) (August 25th, USA)
This training defines FASD, explains the disorders on the spectrum, and symptoms associated with FASD.
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Seashell Trust - Intro to Supporting Children & Young People with FASD (22 October, 12 November, 18 November, 2 December 2020; Scotland)
This one day course is uniquely co-designed and co-delivered by specialists from the Seashell Trust Outreach Team and The National Organisation for FASD.
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Montgomery County Office Of Drug And Alcohol - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Effects on Physical and Behavioral Health (September 14, 2020; Online)
Please join us for a free webinar to learn more about the physical and behavioral effects of FASD.
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INOFAS - It's A Brain Thing (September 8th; USA)
Children and adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD's) struggle with many of the cognitive skills that everyday situations demand of us. When they cannot meet expectations, people in their life often believe they are intentionally defiant, oppositional, lazy, or unintelligent.
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Surrey Place – MOVING FORWARD: Building Resilience in FASD (September 9, 16 and 23, 2020; Canada)
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is one of the most prevalent brain-based disabilities developed as a result of maternal consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. The condition may lead to physical, mental, learning, behavioural and/or social skill impairments with possible lifelong implications.
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The CHC - FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) event (September 11, 2020; Pennsylvania USA)
Anytime is a good time to raise awareness about FASD, please join us for this special event on Friday September 11, 2020.
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Parents Helping Parents - A Conversation about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder with Nate Sheets, FASD Specialist & Behavior Consultant (September 23, 2020; Canada)
This webinar is especially for parents, families and professionals who live and work with individuals who have, or are suspected of having, FASD.
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David Deere - 2020 Virtual FASD Conference: A Conversation with the Experts (September 10-11, 2020; Online Event)
In place of an all-day, in-person conference, None for Nine is hosting a series of mini-lectures covering seven topics. Each hour will begin with a short presentation of the topic lasting 25-30 minutes.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
PAHO - New publication to assist healthcare providers in the diagnosis and recognition of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
PAHO has published a training workbook on Assessment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), in Spanish and English, aimed at healthcare providers, to assist in the diagnosis and recognition of FASD.
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NOFAS - 2020 FASD Awareness Month/Day Packet
The 2020 NOFAS FASD Awareness Month/Day packet is now available as a downloadable PDF. The packet contains sample social media messages, a sample proclamation and news release, and a list of events and resources.
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CanFASD - Understanding FASD in the Criminal Justice System: A Research Update
This panel discussion dives into the relationship between Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and the criminal justice system. This webinar features Dr. Kaitlyn McLachlan, the Justice Research Lead with the Canada FASD Research Network.
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Bethany - Parenting a Child with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
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Aucdnetwork - Educational Strategies for Working with Students with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
There is no one size fits all approach to working with individuals with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Working with students who have a FASD be challenging for parents, educators, and others providing services and supports to the students in the educational setting.
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prenatalalcoholexposure.com - The Silent Epidemic: A Child Psychiatrist’s Journey Beyond Death Row
The Silent Epidemic is a global warning about the tragedy of brain damage caused by our social drug of choice – alcohol, and the hope of early screening, identification, and treatment.
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FASD Success - Sara Messelt: Arming FASD Advocates
Sometimes I go on Twitter – not much – but what I do notice is there are a lot of people who talk about how the system needs to change but then they don’t do anything about it.
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CanFASD - FASD Awareness Month
September 9th is International FASD Day. First celebrated in 1999, FASD day is devoted to raising awareness of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) to improve prevention of FASD and diagnosis and support for individuals with FASD.
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Bissell Centre - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum of Services
Through community development, advocacy and intensive supports, Bissell Centre’s Fetal Alcohol Spectrum of Services (FASS) program  enhances the community’s capacity for prevention and awareness through education, and supports for the well-being of individuals, families affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and their caregivers.
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Health Nexus Santé - PSA FASD September 9th, 2020
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CanFASD - CanFASD responds to new FASD Assessment training resource
It has come to our attention that many organizations are questioning if they should use this workbook in Canada as this project was funded by the World Health Organization (WHO).
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CanFASD - FASD Month 2020 is Almost Here!
Help us raise awareness of FASD in Canada! Submit a short video of yourself telling us what FASDis to you. Deadline is August 31!
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RESEARCH
Child Neuropsychology - Early delay of gratification predicts later inhibitory control and academic performance in children with prenatal alcohol exposure
These findings indicate that early inhibitory capacity persists into middle childhood in those with FASD, and may be a promising target for early intervention to improve later cognitive outcomes in these children.
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Aotearoa New Zealand Social Work - Improving treatment and outcomes for young people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in the youth justice system: A social work led response and practice framework
Based on the research findings, an FASD-informed practice framework has been developed as a tool to guide social workers who are working with young people with FASD in the Aotearoa New Zealand YJ system and beyond.
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Reproductive Toxicology - Folic acid reduces the ethanol-induced morphological and behavioral defects in embryonic and larval zebrafish (Danio rerio) as a model for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)
We conclude that in this FASD model, EtOH exposure produced several teratogenic and behavioral defects, FA reduced, but did not totally prevent, these defects. Understanding of EtOH-induced behavioral defects could help to identify new therapeutic or prevention strategies for FASD.
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Medicine - Porencephaly in an Italian neonate with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder
This case shows that FAD should be considered in neonates with rare neurological diseases as porencephaly. In neonates and infants born to a mother who did not report alcohol use, EtG measure in hairs can significantly improve diagnosis of FASD, so allowing to exclude genetic diseases associated with similar clinical findings.
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Psychiatry, Psychology and Law - Reframe the Behaviour: Evaluation of a training intervention to increase capacity in managing detained youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and neurodevelopmental impairments
The first study to investigate the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) within an Australian juvenile detention centre has identified the highest known prevalence of FASD among a justice-involved population worldwide.
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American Journal of Occupational Therapy - The Best Possible Start: Perspectives of Parents of Children With or at High Risk for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
This qualitative study explored the converging and diverging needs of biological and adoptive parents raising young children with or at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
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Alcohol - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Maternal Glutamine Supplementation Alter the mTOR Signaling Pathway in Ovine Fetal Cerebellum and Skeletal Muscle
These findings suggest prenatal alcohol exposure and maternal GLN supplementation during the third trimester-equivalent alters the mTOR signaling cascade which plays a possible key role in alcohol-induced developmental damage.
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Stigma and Health - Abortions due to the Zika virus versus fetal alcohol syndrome: Attributions and willingness to help
This research applies the attribution–affect–action (AAA) model (Weiner, 1980) to investigate contextual and dispositional determinants of reactions toward pregnancy termination.
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Frontiers in Pediatrics - Murine Models for the Study of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An Overview
Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated to different physical, behavioral, cognitive, and neurological impairments collectively known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. The underlying mechanisms of ethanol toxicity are not completely understood.
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BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Multi-service prevention programs for pregnant and parenting women with substance use and multiple vulnerabilities: Program structure and clients’ perspectives on wraparound programming
The programs involved in the Co-Creating Evidence study have impressively blended social and primary care and prenatal care. Their success in respectfully and flexibly responding to women’s diverse needs, interests and readiness, within a community-based, wraparound service delivery model paves the way for others offering pre- and postnatal programming.
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NeuroImage: Clinical - Validity of automated FreeSurfer segmentation compared to manual tracing in detecting prenatal alcohol exposure-related subcortical and corpus callosal alterations in 9- to 11-year-old children
This is the first study to demonstrate in a pre-adolescent cohort the ability of automated segmentation with FreeSurfer to detect regional volume changes associated with pathology similar to those found using manual tracing.
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Research Square - Protocol for an economic evaluation and budget impact assessment of a randomised, steppedwedge controlled trial for practice change support to increase routine provision of antenatal care for maternal alcohol consumption

Uptake of clinical guidelines requires practice change support. It is hypothesized that the implementation strategy, if found to be effective, will also be cost-effective, affordable and scalable. This protocol describes the economic evaluation that will address these hypotheses.
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Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology - Mendelian randomisation approaches to the study of prenatal exposures: A systematic review
Prenatal MR studies frequently discuss issues that affect all MR studies, but rarely discuss problems specific to the prenatal context, including selection on pregnancy and effects of postnatal exposure.
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Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report - Alcohol Use and Co-Use of Other Substances Among Pregnant Females Aged 12–44 Years — United States, 2015–2018
Pregnant respondents in the first trimester reported higher current alcohol use than respondents in the second or third trimester. Among first trimester respondents, 19.6% reported current alcohol use and 10.5% reported binge drinking; among second or third trimester respondents, current drinking and binge drinking were reported by 4.7% and 1.4%, respectively.
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Journal of Population Therapeutics & Clinical Pharmacology - Ten years of evidence for the diagnostic assessment of preschoolers with prenatal alcohol exposure
The assessment of preschoolers with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is challenging for many diagnostic teams and clinicians. The 2016 Canadian Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) diagnostic guidelines describe the assessments recommended for individuals with PAE in various age groups.
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The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology - Screening for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in forensic mental health settings
Exploratory screening outcomes varied considerably between tools. Findings highlight the need for additional research to identify rates of FASD in forensic mental health settings, and to develop evidence-based screening and assessment approaches, and practice guidelines, for this setting.
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IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Oborniki Naszemiasto (Poland) - Konkurs osób dla osób w ciąży - 9 miesięcy pełnych miłości
Urząd Miejski w Obornikach oraz Gminna Komisja Rozwiązywania Problemów Alkoholowych w Obornikach organizuje konkurs fotograficzny „9 miesięcy pełnych miłości”. Konkurs jest kierowany do osób w ciąży mieszkających na terenie gminy Oborniki.
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Spektrum Patholinguistik (Germany) - Pragmatische Kompetenzen von Kindern mit Fetalen Alkohol-Spektrum-Störungen (FASD)
Eines von 300 Neugeborenen in Deutschland ist von Fetalen Alkohol-Spektrum-Störungen (FASD) betroffen.
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Gesundheit (Germany) - Kinder aus der Schnapsflasche
Sind 100 Meter weiter als ein Kilometer? Wie lang dauert eine halbe Stunde? Passt ein großer Topf in einen kleineren? Grit Wagner kann diese Fragen nicht beantworten. Löcher im Gehirn - so beschreibt die 46-Jährige die Auswirkungen ihrer vorgeburtlichen Schädigung, verursacht durch den hohen Alkoholkonsum ihrer Mutter während der Schwangerschaft.
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Thursday, August 13, 2020

Alcohol News - 32/2020

BBC News (South Africa) - Coronavirus and South Africa's toxic relationship with alcohol

South Africa's ban on alcohol during the coronavirus pandemic has prompted the BBC's Vumani Mkhize to reflect on why he and his country have such a toxic relationship with drink.
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The Conversation UK - Alcohol addiction: could the brain’s immune system be the key to understanding and treating alcoholism?
Alcohol abuse is a serious problem worldwide. In England alone, over 350,000 alcohol-related hospital admissions – and over 5,000 alcohol-related deaths – were reported in 2018.
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News Medical (Australia) - Alcohol consumption rises in Australia as COVID pandemic continues
A new survey from the Alcohol and Drug Foundation has found that 12 percent of Australians have begun consuming alcohol on a daily basis since the coronavirus pandemic began a few months back.
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Science Daily - Miscarriage risk increases each week alcohol is used in early pregnancy
Each week a woman consumes alcohol during the first five to 10 weeks of pregnancy is associated with an incremental 8% increase in risk of miscarriage, according to a new study.
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New Zealand Doctor Online (New Zealand) - New research shows declining alcohol and cigarette use in New Zealand youth
A new study co-led by a Te Herenga Waka—Victoria University of Wellington researcher shows that cigarette smoking is now rare in high school students, and binge drinking has declined since 2012.
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ERR News (Estonia) - Government supports restricting alcohol sales in Tartu County
At a cabinet meeting held on Thursday, August 6, the Estonian government decided to support the establishment of a restriction on the sale of alcohol at catering and entertainment establishments in Tartu County, as sought by the Police and Border Guard Board (PPA).
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YLE News (Finland) - Finland's alcohol tax may rise next year
The programme of Finland's current coalition government calls for an additional 50 million euros in revenues from the taxation of alcohol, and this could well mean a tax rise in 2021, Minister of Finance Matti Vanhanen (Cen), has told the Finnish news agency STT.
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Food Navigator Asia (India) - Alcohol policy action: India emerges as top supporter of control policies as researchers blast ANZ changes
India has emerged as the top supporter of stronger alcohol policy implementation in a new study, where researchers also criticised labelling changes in Australia and New Zealand and called for stronger, more effective measures to be put in place.
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Alcohol Change (UK) - The UK is in recession – so what does this mean for alcohol harm?
The COVID-19 pandemic has seen manufacturing output tumble to a record low; the hospitality and leisure sectors have faced unprecedented challenges with shops, bars, restaurants and gyms shut for large periods of 2020; and March and April saw UK construction suffer its largest slump on record.
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Samoa Observer (Samoa) - Sensible alcohol policy within reach
Alcohol is killing Samoans, both quickly and slowly. We can do something about it but it will take commitment to real action. We can’t afford to wait any longer.
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Balance - Alcohol marketing and young people: why our young people are still on the frontline?
We are bombarded by high profile mass media advertising and marketing – from TV ads to billboards, sponsorship of a football team or celebrity endorsement.
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World Bank Blogs - Taxes on tobacco, alcohol, and sugar-sweetened beverages reduce health risks and expand fiscal space for Universal Health Coverage post-COVID 19
Seven months after the first cases of a new coronavirus (COVID-19) were reported in China, the pandemic’s toll continues to increase, despite global containment and mitigation efforts. People of any age with certain underlying medical conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, obstructive pulmonary diseases, and obesity and diabetes, are at increased risk for severe illness and death from COVID-19.
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Thursday, August 6, 2020

Alcohol News - 31/2020

Irish Examiner (Ireland) - 'Alcohol is the virus' best friend': Keeping pubs closed is safe thing to do, says expert
Public health expert Dr Gabriel Scally has warned that “alcohol is the virus' best friend” and that the only safe thing to do was to keep the wet pubs closed.
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Healthline (USA) - The Death Toll from Excessive Alcohol Consumption: What You Need to Know
Excessive alcohol use is responsible for 93,000 deaths and 2.7 million years of potential life lost every year in the United States.
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CGTN (Botswana) - Botswana bans sale of alcohol, suspends liquor licences in COVID-19 battle
The government of Botswana banned the sale and consumption of alcohol in public places and suspended all liquor licences as part of measures to contain the spread of the coronavirus.
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Forbes - Boozy Topo Chico Is Coming, But Coke’s Alcohol Strategy Remains A Secret
It’s been 37 years since Coca-Cola KO +1.1% has sold an alcoholic beverage in the U.S., but that will change in 2021 when the soda giant enters a crowded hard seltzer market through its Topo Chico brand.
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ABC News (Australia) - Australians tell us: Why I don't drink alcohol
Alcohol may be ingrained in Australian culture, but the stereotype of a nation of hard drinkers doesn't reflect reality. There's no one, homogeneous Australian drinking culture, says alcohol researcher and sociologist Amy Pennay of La Trobe University.
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Traveller - Plane travel and coronavirus: US passengers are (illegally) bringing their own alcohol on board
Airline passengers have long tucked those miniature bottles of booze into their carry-on bags or filled a to-go cup with cocktails so they don't ring up an in-flight bar tab, federal regulations against it be damned.
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BBC - 'The most important thing to me was alcohol'
Journalist and author Bryony Gordon has been speaking to BBC Radio 5 Live about her addiction to alcohol. Speaking to Nihal Arthanayake, she said: "It destroys people's lives and it destroys the lives of the people around them, and we need to talk about it way more."
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Alcohol Change UK - Drinking to cope? Stress, boredom and alcohol use during COVID-19 lockdown
In this blog, Dr Matt Parker, Neuroscientist and Alcohol Researcher at the University of Portsmouth, discusses the impact of COVID-19 lockdown on alcohol use.
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News24 (South Africa) - Booze ban: SAMRC professor hits back at alcohol industry critics of lockdown law
Professor Charles Parry of the South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) has hit back at the alcohol industry following a review they commissioned on a report which informed government’s ban on the sale of liquor.
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Dentistry Online (UK) - Alcohol led to higher loss of working years in the UK than cancer, study shows
Using mortality data from the Office for National Statistics (ONS), the report calculated the potential working years of life lost for individuals who died before the age of 65 years.
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2ser (Australia) - IS AUSTRALIA’S DRINKING CULTURE CHANGING?
It can be argued that alcohol holds a huge impact within Australia’s culture. Relaxing, work celebrations, sporting matches, social gatherings and parties, it’s not uncommon to expect alcohol in one form or another.
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NordAN - Why don’t people know that alcohol causes cancer?
Alcohol is classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as a Group 1 carcinogen. And we have known it more than 30 years now. The overall awareness of that fact is worryingly low, everywhere.
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Sunday, August 2, 2020

FASD News - 30/2020

Scoop (New Zealand) - New Mandatory Labelling Rules For Alcohol Protect Kiwi Kids
New Zealand will be moving to mandatory pregnancy warning labels on alcohol products, Food Safety Minister Damien O’Connor has announced.
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ABC News (Australia) - Pregnancy warnings on alcoholic beverages will now be mandatory
Multi-coloured pregnancy warnings on alcoholic beverages will be mandatory in Australia after the Ministerial Forum on Food Regulation accepted new standards proposed by Food Standards Australia and New Zealand.
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Country94 (Canada) - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Awareness Campaign Launched
You may have noticed posts on social media about the dangers of alcohol-exposed pregnancy. The Canada Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Research Network recently launched their national 8-week awareness campaign.
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Study Finds (UK) - Alarming survey: 1 in 4 young adults don’t know women shouldn’t drink while pregnant
There are many risks that go along with drinking alcohol. For a pregnant woman, those risks can be especially harmful for their unborn child. Despite the dangers, an unnerving survey finds a quarter of young adults are unaware of the threat alcohol poses for a fetus.
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Science Blog - Choline supplements in young children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder have lasting cognitive benefiits
NIAAA-funded scientists report that early life dietary choline supplements improve some of the cognitive and behavioral symptoms associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) four years after treatment ended.
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Human Rights Campaign - On the 30th Anniversary of the ADA, Listen To Us
Living as a trans man as well as with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome has been difficult, to say the least. FAS is an invisible disability. People expect me to respond and handle things faster then my brain will allow.
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Telethon Kids Institute (Australia) - Alcohol industry lobbying puts babies at risk
Telethon Kids Institute researchers have urged Australia’s Food Safety Ministers to hold their nerve and resist alcohol industry efforts to water down health labels that will protect Australian babies from the lifelong effects of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS

CanFASD - Loss, Grief, and FASD
This panel discussion dives into the topics of loss, grief, and resilience in relation to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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1 News - BOTTLED SHAME
Every year up to 3000 Kiwi babies are born with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).  It's permanent brain damage caused by alcohol exposure in the womb.  Although FASD causes serious learning, social and emotional problems, there is no government funding to support those living with it.
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Brendan Preston Production - Voices: FASD & Housing in Yukon
The film focused on several individuals with FASD and their struggles in the context of finding and maintaining housing in the Yukon. The finished film was presented at a national symposium being hosted here in Whitehorse, which was attended by Social Workers, policy makers and NGO’s, and the feedback was incredible.
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Deep Blue Digital - Metabolic disorders - Fetal alcohol syndrome
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NAMI Piedmont Tri-County - Eileen Devine LCSW
Do you wonder why your child seems harder to parent than your friend's or family's children? Do you find yourself thinking "it doesn't matter what I do, even parenting my other children the same way, this child seems more unpredictable or harder to manage than others their same age"?
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RESEARCH
The Lancet - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: preventing collateral damage from COVID-19

During the COVID-19 pandemic, slowing the spread of the disease and caring for people whose survival and health are jeopardised have rightly been prioritised. Now, attention is increasingly being focused on the unwelcome consequences of COVID-19 for individuals, families, communities, and society.
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Ursinus College - Altered Axon Guidance in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Review
The objective is to determine whether FASD alters mechanisms and pathways associated to axon guidance in various key regions of the brain that cause cognitive and behavioral deficits.
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Sleep Medicine - Parent-reported sleep problems in school-aged children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Association with child behaviour, caregiver and family functioning
Sleep problems in children and adolescents with FASD are common and associated with poorer child, caregiver and family outcomes. Future research needs to determine whether effective identification and management of sleep problems can reduce adverse outcomes.
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OAKTrust - Molecular Analysis of a Paternally Transmitted Placental Phenotype in a Mouse Model of Paternal Alcohol Exposure
This project investigates the reason why the placentas of mice sired by males exposed to alcohol prior to conception are larger and less efficient than placentas of control mice.
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Biology of Sex Differences - An interaction between fetal sex and placental weight and efficiency predicts intrauterine growth in response to maternal protein insufficiency and gestational exposure window in a mouse model of FASD
Our data indicate that the placenta is strongly involved in the fetal stress response and adapts in a sex-dependent fashion to support fetal development under the alcohol stressor. These variables may further influence the spectrum of intrauterine growth outcomes observed in those diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
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American Journal of Medical Genetics - Ocular measurements in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) describe a range of physical, behavioral, and neurologic deficits in individuals exposed to alcohol prenatally. Reduced palpebral fissure length is one of the cardinal facial features of FASD.
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Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Mandatory pregnancy health warning labels on alcohol: Listen to the experts not the Industry
On 17 July 2020, Ministers on the Forum of Food Regulation will have the opportunity to approve pregnancy health warning labels on alcohol that have been developed by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ).
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Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology - Treatment algorithm for the use of psychopharmacological agents in individuals prenatally exposed to alcohol and/or with diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)
Psychotropic medication treatment of individuals who have experienced prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has lagged behind psychosocial interventions.
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Human Brain Mapping - Different brain profiles in children with prenatal alcohol exposure with or without early adverse exposures
These findings show different brain structure and mental health symptom profiles in children with PAE with and without postnatal adversity, highlighting the need to consider adverse postnatal exposures in individuals with PAE.
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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Connecting People with People: Diagnosing Persons with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Using Telehealth
While ongoing efforts have been made to increase the capacity of communities to provide early FASD diagnosis, there continues to be on-going challenges, particularly for remote and rural communities. Telehealth is the use of technology to connect communities at a distance and has been effectively used in medicine for several decades.
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Mindfulness - Caregivers of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Psychosocial Factors and Evidence for Self-compassion as a Potential Intervention Target
The current findings revealed shame, pride, guilt and self-compassion were associated with caregiver psychological distress. Self-compassion and shame were identified as unique contributors to caregiver psychological distress.
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Journal of Public Health Policy - Opioid exposure in newborns: lessons learned from fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
The increasing incidence of opioid-exposed pregnancies in the United States is a concerning public health challenge. Analysis of the public health responses to prenatal alcohol exposure may inform future prevention and treatment strategies.
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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada - Screening and Intervention Practices for Alcohol Use by Pregnant Women and Women of Childbearing Age: Results of a Canadian Survey
Strategies are needed to improve familiarity with and uptake of the Alcohol Use and Pregnancy Consensus Clinical Guidelines. Particular attention should be given to education and training regarding the use of validated screening questionnaires and brief intervention practices.
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Global Pediatric Health - Searching for the Fetal Alcohol Behavioral Phenotype
This narrative review presents the emerging published evidence on the existence of a phenotypic behavior in children with fetal alcohol spectrum behavior. Such a phenotype, exhibiting high sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values, may assist clinicians and families in identifying children who often miss some of the information needed for full diagnosis, but who may benefit from these screening tools in mobilizing help to these youngsters and their families.
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Alcohol and Alcoholism - Change Over Time in Australian Newspaper Reporting of Drinking During Pregnancy: A Content Analysis (2000–2017)
A stronger abstinence message during pregnancy has been communicated through Australian newspaper media over time. The mixed messaging and large number of articles not endorsing a position on consumption may reflect the inconclusiveness of the evidence on harms from low to moderate levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
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Nutrition Reviews - A systematic review of economic evaluations of antenatal nutrition and alcohol interventions and their associated implementation interventions
The current evidence base has important gaps that limit its value to decision makers. Incorporating health economic principles and methods into health promotion interventions will inform decisions about how to derive value from investment in healthcare.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Association of prenatal alcohol exposure with preadolescent alcohol sipping in the ABCD study
This study shows that any alcohol use during pregnancy may play an important role in very early alcohol use experimentation among offspring by ages 9–10.
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Nuclear Medicine and Biology - GABAa receptor density alterations revealed in a mouse model of early moderate prenatal ethanol exposure using [18F]AH114726
Early moderate PEE may induce long-term alterations in the GABAaR system that persisted into adulthood.
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Alcohol Use Trajectories Before and After Pregnancy Among Adolescent and Young Adult Mothers
Adolescent and young adult mothers show heterogeneous risky drinking trajectories from prepregnancy to postpregnancy. Pregnant women in the transitional age of early adulthood who report exposure to caregiver alcohol use, more friends who drink, and coping motives for drinking may have elevated risk for moderate–heavy drinking during the perinatal period and may benefit from targeted intervention.
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BMC Public Health - Social predictors of alcohol use and cessation during pregnancy among Japanese women: the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study
Women with higher education were more likely to consume alcohol in early pregnancy and to cease between early pregnancy and middle pregnancy. Working women were more likely to consume alcohol throughout pregnancy in Japan.
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