Sunday, August 31, 2014

FASD News - 34/2014 - Alaska Boy Uses Music to Cope with FASD
When the Lavigueure family found out their adopted son Shaun had fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, they were shocked and didn't believe it. (Canada) - Yukon's 'pioneer' FASD residence is working: staff
In a private apartment building Henry's voice might cause noise complaints. But Colette Acheson, vice-president of Options for Independence, says it's a small example of a behaviour that is understood here. Dun Kenji Ku is a residence for adults with FASD.
Maple Ridge News - New way to fight FASD
Maple Ridge’s Asante Centre is doing ground-breaking work in the field of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, with the new program Through an Aboriginal Lens.
The Guardian (Australia) - Disability 'criminalised' by treatment of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Disability is being criminalised through the treatment of people with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders within Australia’s justice system, advocates have argued at a Northern Territory inquiry.
Irondequoit Post (USA) - Council highlights risks of drinking alcohol while pregnant
The National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence of the Rochester Area is joining its national and international partners to increase awareness of the risks of drinking alcohol while pregnant for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Day on Sept. 9.
Otago Daily Times (New Zealand) - Single drink binge can damage
A single drinking binge in late pregnancy could harm child development, research on rats from the University of Otago suggests.
Medical Daily - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Lead To Excessive Weight Gain And Obesity Later In Life
The U.S. Surgeon General first advised women against drinking alcohol during pregnancy back in 1981. However, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are still a leading preventable cause of birth defects and childhood disabilities among children in the United States.
First People Worldwide - Alcoholism, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, and the Native American Woman, First Peoples Worldwide
Fetal alcohol syndrome has devastating effects on all those around it. It is a disease that has the power to destroy childhoods, families, and in some cases even an entire culture. This paper aims to explore the causes and effects of alcoholism as a general ailment, and more specifically fetal alcohol syndrome, on the culture of Native American societies.
Sky News (Australia) - NT government focusing on pregnant drinkers
High-flying career women in the inner city and Aboriginal women living in remote communities are both looking down the barrel of the same gun: the risk of having babies with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).

EUFASD - Third European Conference on FASD
Building on the success of the first European conference on FASD (Kerkrade, Netherlands, 2010) and the second European conference on FASD (Barcelona, Spain, 2012), we are pleased to announce the third European conference on FASD, to be held in Rome.
First Baltic Conference “Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders”
Conference aims to raise awareness of health policy makers, medical doctors, public health professionals, social and educational workers about prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), provision of support and special education for children who have FASD.
Webinar - Awareness of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD): Making the Connections!
Please join us to learn about the connections and progress of collaborative efforts from three compelling perspectives of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
Alberta - 2014 Alberta FASD Conference
The Government of Alberta invites you to join us in this important multidisciplinary conference focused on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and its impact on individuals, families, communities and society at large. The conference will feature keynote presentations and over 30 breakout sessions discussing the latest practices in FASD prevention, assessment and support.

European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry - Maternal pre-pregnancy risk drinking and toddler behavior problems: the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study
Maternal risk drinking may be a risk factor for child behavior problems even if the mother has discontinued this behavior. Whether pre-pregnancy risk drinking is an independent predictor of child behavior problems, or whether a potential effect may be explained by maternal alcohol use during and after pregnancy or other adverse maternal characteristics, is not known.
Human Brain mapping - Longitudinal MRI reveals impaired cortical thinning in children and adolescents prenatally exposed to alcohol
Brain imaging studies suggest that cortical thickness decreases during childhood and adolescence, in concert with underlying structural and synaptic changes required for cognitive maturation and regional specialization of function.
Addiction Biology - Moderate alcohol exposure during early brain development increases stimulus-response habits in adulthood
Exposure to alcohol during early central nervous system development has been shown variously to affect aspects of physiological and behavioural development. In extreme cases, this can extend to craniofacial defects, severe developmental delay and mental retardation.
Scandinavian Journal of Psychology - Cognitive, emotional and social development in adolescents born to substance using women
The aim of this article is to investigate the long-term developmental consequences of being born to a substance-using mother, focusing on cognitive functions, attention, emotional and social development.

Satakunnan Kansa (Finland) - FASD: Ainoa kehitysvamma, joka voidaan estää
Viime vuosina paljon kuultu lyhennys FASD tarkoittaa sikiöaikaisen alkoholialtistuksen vaurioita, joista vakavimmat aiheuttavat kehitysvamman. Asiasta on syytäkin puhua, sillä Suomessa syntyy vuosittain 600–1 000 sikiöaikaisen alkoholialtistuksen vaurioittamaa lasta. (Italy) - L’esposizione prenatale all’alcol causa obesità durante l’adolescenza
I deficit di crescita sono una caratteristica distintiva del Disturbo dello spettro fetale alcolico (FASD). Ora però un nuovo studio rileva che i tassi di obesità sono molto elevati negli adolescenti con Sindrome alcolica fetale parziale (PFA), e aggiunge che le ragazze sono maggiormente a rischio di sovrappeso, rispetto ai maschi, durante l’adolescenza.

Svenska Dagbladet (Sweden) - Fysisk aktivitet motverkar alkoholskador
Att bli utsatt för alkohol under fosterstadiet kan ge bestående skador. Nu visar kanadensiska forskare att fysisk aktivitet motverkar skadorna.

Tuesday, August 26, 2014

Alcohol News - 34/2014

Wall Street Journal - Which Country Drinks the Most Alcohol?
It has been established that the most expensive beer in the world is sold in Norway, while the cheapest can be chugged in Poland. But in which country is the most alcohol drunk?
WBAL Radio (USA) - Why Alcohol Is Still The Deadliest Drug In The U.S.
When we talk about the reasons for violent crime, we usually talk about the proliferation of guns, the lack of jobs, or not enough safe places for teens to go and be productive, but we rarely look at the problems associated with alcohol.
The Advertiser (Australia) - Alcohol-fuelled violence and anti-social behaviour ‘crisis’ prompts 24/7 police patrol parklands call
AN around-the-clock police presence is needed to combat growing safety fears in Adelaide’s southern parklands, city leaders have warned. - ALCOHOL ADVERTISING BANS SWEEP SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA
The ban on alcohol advertising is picking up steam as Kenya, Botswana and South Africa gear up to impose the new regulations in the sector.
Jamaica Observer (Jamaica) - Consultation before proposed alcohol policy, says Health Minister
The proposed alcohol policy will not be enacted without consultation with industry players, according to Minister of Health, Dr Fenton Ferguson.
BBC News (India) - India's Kerala state plans to ban alcohol sales
Authorities in the southern Indian state of Kerala have outlined plans to ban the sale and consumption of alcohol to tackle the state's drink problem.
Lifehacker Australia - Warning: Alcohol Can Increase Your Risk Of Cancer
Australians have become accustomed to labels on cigarettes warning about the risk of smoking causing cancer and other diseases. And our research, published in the latest edition of BMC Public Health, shows similar labels could help consumers better understand the harms of drinking alcohol.
ABC Online (Australia) - New strategy to tackle alcohol 'pre-loading'
Queensland police are rolling out a new strategy in a bid to prevent so-called alcohol pre-loading by young people who are planning a big night out.
Belfast Telegraph (Northern Ireland) - Over half of people in Northern Ireland 'in favour of minimum alcohol pricing': Latest study into drinking habits
Over half of people in Northern Ireland are in favour of a minimum price for alcohol, a study has revealed. Some three-fifths of those quizzed said they agreed with the introduction of a minimum price per unit of alcohol.
Belfast Telegraph (Northern Ireland) - 70% of those on probation battling drugs or alcohol
More than 3,500 offenders being supervised by probation services in Northern Ireland have problems with drug and alcohol misuse.
Manchester Evening News (UK) - Our £1.2bn a year bill to tackle alcohol abuse
A new joint crackdown aims to curb the toll of alcohol abuse on hospitals, policing and social care - and comes with a warning that sky-high mortality rates and hospital admissions must be brought down.
Health Behavior News Service - Counseling Has Limited Benefit on Young People Drinking Alcohol
Counseling techniques used to help young people with drinking problems may be of limited benefit, a new study suggests. In a systematic review published in The Cochrane Library, researchers found that an approach known as motivational interviewing did not substantially reduce drinking or alter alcohol-related behaviour. - Half-glass rule can limit alcohol consumption
Sticking to a general rule of pouring just a half glass of wine limits the likelihood of overconsumption, even for men with a higher body mass index. That's the finding of a new Iowa State and Cornell University study to be published in a forthcoming issue of the International Journal of Drug Policy.
Baltic Times (Estonia) - Tallinn to prohibit consumption of alcohol in public places
New plans could be put in place in Tallinn prohibiting drinking alcohol in public spaces, Postimees Online reports.
Herald Scotland (Scotland) - 1,000 under-age drinkers a year taken to hospital
Figures reveal 2,921 under 18s have been subject to emergency call-outs in the last three years. Paramedics have also witnessed 877 cases in the same period where youngsters under the influence of drugs have been taken to hospital.

Tuesday, August 19, 2014

Alcohol News - 33/2014

BBC News (UK) - Alcohol tax urged to fund abstinence-based rehab
Drink and drug addicts should be treated in abstinence-based treatment centres paid for with a new tax on alcohol, a think tank has urged.
Otago Daily Times (New Zealand) - Dunedin's local alcohol policy
The Dunedin City Council is working on one of its most contentious, and arguably most important, policies in recent years.
New Zealand Doctor Online (New Zealand) - Evidence of the dubious tactics of the alcohol industry
Nicky Hager’s latest book “Dirty Politics” reports the alcohol industry works behind the scenes to actively try and smear the professional reputation of people who promote effective alcohol reforms in New Zealand, as well as other public health campaigns.
Times LIVE - Drunk dials no mistake, alcohol is just a truth serum: study
A study has revealed that those drunken calls you made last night when you were drunk weren’t actually a mistake… you just didn’t care. (UK) - Royal Navy alcohol consumption 'curbed' after fatal submarine shooting
The Navy is taking steps to tackle binge drinking after the shooting of a commander on a nuclear powered submarine by a drunken colleague, the government has said.
ABC Online (Australia) - Alcohol-free parties to challenge Sydney's youth drinking culture
A "dangerous" youth culture of going out to "drink till we're on the floor" will be challenged by alcohol-free events in Sydney nightclubs, an anti-violence campaigner says. (Australia) - If alcohol bottles were labelled truthfully
ADVERTISEMENTS for alcohol always manage to focus on the glamour and glitz that comes with drinking whatever light beer or “top shelf” vodka is being peddled.
Medical Daily - Strict State Alcohol Laws Benefit Binge Drinkers Wanting To Slow Down
Each year, 80,000 deaths in the United States are attributable to alcohol and more than half of these fatalities are due to binge drinking — defined as downing four or more cocktails for women and five or more for men during a single drinking occasion.
The Conversation AU - Time to warn drinkers about the risk of cancer
Australians have become accustomed to labels on cigarettes warning about the risk of smoking causing cancer and other diseases. And our research, published in the latest edition of BMC Public Health, shows similar labels could help consumers better understand the harms of drinking alcohol.
Helsinki Times (Finland) - Finns Party calls for an overhaul of Finnish alcohol policy
Alcohol tax rates must be lowered, the sales of wine in grocery shops permitted and the monopoly of Alko gradually dissolved, the Finns Party demands in its most recent communiqué.
Asian Scientist Magazine (India) - Threefold Surge In Drinking Among Indian Teens
The proportion of men who start to drink alcohol in their teens has surged more than threefold over the past few decades in India, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health.

Wednesday, August 13, 2014

Alcohol News - 32/2014

The Guardian (UK) - Health warnings on alcohol bottles should be compulsory – MPs
Health warnings should be compulsory on bottles of wine, beer and spirits to raise awareness of the dangers of excessive drinking and the growing problem of liver disease, a group of MPs has said. (UK) - Nearly 4,000 children hospitalised with alcohol poisoning last year - including 52 aged under 11
Hundreds of children are being rushed to hospital every month with alcohol poisoning, shock new figures show.
The Economist (China) - The Chinese are drinking more
LI JUN, a construction worker from Shandong, sips a large bottle of Yanjing beer as he squats on the pavement and shares a lunchtime bag of noodles with a colleague. On such a hot day the beer quenches his thirst, he says; the alcohol will not affect his work because he is resting while he drinks. Many of his fellow workers are also enjoying a bottle.
The Independent - The science of alcohol: How does it affect your liver and heart?
Alcohol, the presumed panacea of low confidence, bad days in the office, and social cohesion, has built-up quite the reputation. The social drinkers, binge drinkers, occasional drinkers, and abstainers, after-all, all share an opinion on this 21 Century drug. (Canada) - 1 in 6 soldiers affected by alcohol-related or mental health issues
Nearly one in six full-time members of the Canadian Forces experienced symptoms of mental health or alcohol-related disorders over several months last year, a Statistics Canada survey suggests. (UK) - 'Don't drink alcohol two days in a row' Government health quango warns
In proposed new guidance Public Health England [PHE] will advise the public to avoid boozing two days in a row in order to help remain within official healthy guidelines.
Belfast Telegraph (UK) - Earnest debate on alcohol abuse is needed
Health Minister Edwin Poots' comment that he sees some merit in the proposal to charge patients who end up in hospital A&E departments as a result of drinking or taking drugs has some merit of its own.
Fox News (USA) - Country music’s drinking problem: Alcohol-related incidents at concerts getting out of hand?
Drinking songs have long been a staple of country music. But some are wondering if today’s chart-topping bro country tunes about shooting shots of tequila and getting drunk on planes are contributing to an increase in drunken incidents at country music concerts.
ABC Online (Australia) - More Tasmanians seek help for alcohol than other drugs, report shows
The drug Tasmanians mostly seek help for is alcohol, a new report on drug treatment in Australia shows.
BBC News (UK) - MPs call alcohol misuse a 'pandemic', says lobby group
Health warnings on alcoholic drinks should be introduced and the drink-drive limit cut, the All Parliamentary Party Group on Alcohol Misuse says.
The Moscow Times (Russia) - Russia's Presidential Staff Buys a Million Bottles of European Wine
While Russia was publicly wading into a war of words and sanctions with the West this year, the presidential administration bought more than a million bottles of wine from Europe — stocking up on more than its staff can possibly drink or serve out at receptions, a news report said.

Sunday, August 10, 2014

FASD News - 31/2014

Medical Daily - Drinking While Pregnant Causes Slow Brain Growth, Learning Difficulties Over Time
Pregnant women may find the nine months they’re carrying a baby difficult, but when it comes to how to be pregnant, there are only a few major rules to live by: eat right, exercise, and avoid caffeine, drugs, and alcohol. - Special Olympic athlete competing to be on cover of Runner’s World
Born with fetal alcohol syndrome, the accomplished runner overcame mental and physical challenges to excel on his middle and high school cross country teams before joining Special Olympics Indiana.
Alaska Native News - Governor Signs Midwife, FASD Legislation
In a move to ensure greater public safety in the field of midwifery, Governor Sean Parnell signed Senate Bill 156 into law. Sponsored by Senator Pete Kelly, the legislation updates the Certified Direct-Entry Midwife Practice Act. Additionally, the bill requires a certified direct-entry midwife to be licensed, practicing for two years, and attend 50 or more births as a primary or assistant midwife before being able to supervise an apprentice direct-entry midwife.
ABC Online (Australia) - Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder inquiry told men drinking could be as much to blame as women
An inquiry on Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) has been told men could be just as responsible for causing the condition as women.
IANS - Mother's alcohol consumption may make kids dull
Expecting mothers may give their drinking glass a goodbye kiss as researchers have found that parental alcohol exposure weakens brain activation in their children.
Yahoo!7 News (Australia) - NT govt focusing on pregnant drinkers
High-flying career women in the inner city and Aboriginal women living in remote communities are both looking down the barrel of the same gun: the risk of having babies with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
Consumer Health Research - FASD Social Skills Training: For Children and Parents
FASD, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, is a disorder that causes many children and adolescents who had pre-natal exposure to alcohol have difficulty developing friendships and social skills. Many do not know how to pick friends or initiate conversations.

International FASD day packet
Funding provided in part by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The contents of this packet are the sole responsibility of the organizations that developed it and do not necessarily represent the official views of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Front. Genet - Genomic factors that shape craniofacial outcome and neural crest vulnerability in FASD
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) causes distinctive facial characteristics in some pregnancies and not others; genetic factors may contribute to this differential vulnerability. Ethanol disrupts multiple events of neural crest development, including induction, survival, migration, and differentiation.
Science Daily - Prenatal alcohol exposure alters development of brain function: Neural basis for symptoms of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
In the first study of its kind, Prapti Gautam, PhD, and colleagues from The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital Los Angeles found that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) showed weaker brain activation during specific cognitive tasks than their unaffected counterparts.
Neuroscience - Prenatal ethanol exposure differentially affects hippocampal neurogenesis in the adolescent and aged brain
Exposure to ethanol in utero is associated with a myriad of sequelae for the offspring. Some of these effects are morphological in nature and noticeable from birth, while others involve more subtle changes to the brain that only become apparent later in life when the individuals are challenged cognitively.
Cereb. Cortex - Developmental Trajectories for Visuo-Spatial Attention are Altered by Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: A Longitudinal FMRI Study
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) reveals brain activation abnormalities during visuo-spatial attention and working memory among those with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in cross-sectional reports, but little is known about how activation changes over time during development within FASD or typically developing children.
Alcohol - Impact of Combined Prenatal Ethanol and Prenatal Stress Exposures on Markers of Activity-Dependent Synaptic Plasticity in Rat Dentate Gyrus
Prenatal ethanol exposure and prenatal stress can each cause long-lasting deficits in hippocampal synaptic plasticity and disrupt learning and memory processes. However, the mechanisms underlying these perturbations following a learning event are still poorly understood.
Alcoholism - Fetal Alcohol Programming of Hypothalamic Proopiomelanocortin System by Epigenetic Mechanisms and Later Life Vulnerability to Stress
Hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons, one of the major regulators of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, immune functions, and energy homeostasis, are vulnerable to the adverse effects of fetal alcohol exposure (FAE).
Alcohol and Alcoholism - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Up-Regulates the Cholesterol Transporters ATP-Binding Cassette A1 and G1 and Reduces Cholesterol Levels in the Developing Rat Brain
Maternal ethanol consumption may affect fetal brain development by increasing cholesterol transporters’ expression and reducing brain cholesterol levels.
Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology - Maternal Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy and the Risk of Orofacial Clefts in Infants: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
The teratogenic effects of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy include anomalies of craniofacial structures derived from the cranial neural crest cells. The presence of specific craniofacial anomalies contributes to the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Alcohol brief interventions in Scottish antenatal care: a qualitative study of midwives’ attitudes and practices
Midwives recognised the important role they could play in alcohol intervention activities in antenatal care. As the majority of women stop consuming alcohol in pregnancy, many will not need an ABI.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES (Poland) - Biskupi przeciwko pijaństwu: Kochająca matka zawsze trzeźwa
Trwamy w dziękczynieniu za historyczną kanonizację Jana Pawła II, który uczył nas, że święci nie przemijają, lecz pragną naszej świętości. Podejmujemy osobisty i narodowy rachunek sumienia z wierności słowom naszego nowego Świętego - czytamy w Apelu Zespołu Konferencji Episkopatu Polski ds. Apostolstwa Trzeźwości na sierpień 2014 r.
AGI - Agenzia Giornalistica Italia (Italy) - Alcol: esposizione prenatale altera sviluppo cervello
I bambini con Disturbo dello spettro fetale alcolico (Fasd) potrebbero avere problemi nello sviluppo del cervello. Uno studio del The Saban Research Institute of Children's Hospital di Los Angeles ha infatti scoperto che il Fasd e' legato a un'attivazione piu' debole del cervello durante compiti cognitivi specifici.
STERN.DE (Germany) - Mit diesen Schäden müssen Kinder leben
Ein Glas Sekt kann Folgen haben. Welche, das beschreibt "Zeit Online" anhand der Geschichte von Lisa. Die Zwölfjährige wird nie normal leben können, weil ihre Mutter in der Schwangerschaft trank.

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

Alcohol News - 31/2014 - Alcohol in womb slows teenage brain
Women who drink alcohol during pregnancy slow the development of their children’s brains well into their teenage years, affecting their ability to concentrate, research suggests.
Herald Sun (Australia) - Doctors call for ban on shopper docket alcohol advertisements
And it is time for archaic communications between hospitals and GPs to be overhauled, the Australian Medical Association says.
Yahoo News - Violent videogames linked to risk of crime, alcohol abuse
Violent videogames glorifying antisocial characters could increase teenage gamers' risk of criminal and other risky behavior like smoking and alcohol use, a US study said Monday.
The Guardian (UK) - 'Sobriety tags' for people who commit alcohol-linked crimes get London trial
Binge drinkers who commit minor crimes will be prevented from drinking for set periods using ankle tags that measure whether they are consuming alcohol, under a scheme to be trialled in London.
Monthly Prescribing Reference - History of Alcohol Abuse Linked to Memory Impairment
For middle-aged U.S. adults, a history of alcohol use disorder is associated with increased odds of severe memory impairment, according to a study published online June 9 in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.
Pulse (UK) - 90% of population 'would be unaffected' by minimum alcohol price
The impact of introducing a national Minimum Unit Price for alcohol would be 200 times greater for heavy drinkers with alcohol-related cirrhosis than for a moderate drinker, a study has found. - Alcohol Commercials Strongly Affect Underage Drinkers
New research shows a strong link between alcohol advertising and underage drinking. In fact, young drinkers are three times more likely to choose alcohol brands whose commercials appear on their favorite television shows compared to other alcohol brands, according to a new study from the Center on Alcohol Marketing and Youth (CAMY) at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Boston University School of Public Health.
Clinical Advisor - Alcohol abuse may increase dementia risk
A history of alcohol-use disorder is associated with increased odds of severe memory impairment in middle-aged patients, according to research published in the American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. - Just one or two alcoholic drinks a day may trigger memory problems in old age: researcher
Drinking just one or two glasses of wine a day may double the risk of severe memory loss in old age, according to researchers. (USA) - Reports of Alcohol-Related Family Trouble Remain Up in U.S.
More than one in three Americans (36%) say drinking alcohol has been a cause of problems in their family at some point, one of the highest figures Gallup has measured since the 1940s. Reports of alcohol-related family troubles have been much more common in recent decades than they were prior to 1990. (EU) - Inquiry launched into new EU Alcohol Strategy
The House of Lords is urging the pub sector to give its views on a new EU Alcohol Strategy.
Yahoo News (Iran) - Iran opens first state-run alcohol rehab center
Iran has opened the country's first, state-run rehab and treatment center for alcoholism, an Iranian semi-official news agency reported on Friday.
The Age (Australia) - Alcohol kills 15 Australians a day, national report shows
Fifteen Australians die each day and 430 are hospitalised because of alcohol, according to a report on the national burden of booze. (New Zealand) - Alcohol limits to be lowered
Legislation to lower adult drink-driving limits from December 1 has passed its final reading in Parliament. The Land Transport Amendment Bill 2013 will lower the adult breath alcohol limit from 400mcg of alcohol per litre of breath, to 250mcg.