Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Alcohol News - 26/2017

Independent (Ireland) - Drink driving is getting worse: alcohol factor in 38pc fatal crashes
DRINK-driving is getting worse. April this year was the worst month for drink-driving offences in five years. Alcohol is a contributory factor in 38pc of all fatal crashes. This is a real crisis. All over the country, we're asking ourselves, "How did this happen? How did this become normal?"
MinuteHack - Marketing Alcohol: From Baby Boomers To Generation Z
There was a time when each new generation of legal drinkers signalled a fresh opportunity; marketers looked at loyal older customers living longer lives, then at the new arrivals and rubbed their hands with glee.
Madhyamam (India) - Drunk drivers are like suicide bombers: Court
Drunken drivers are no less than "suicide bombers", a sessions court has said while refusing to show leniency to such a person by upholding his five-day jail term.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Underage teens' access to alcohol becoming 'out of control' in Dunedin
Dunedin police are investigating further allegations of sober drivers peddling alcohol to underage teens, as more parents come forward with concerns. (Canada) - Vancouver restaurants may have to list alcohol percentages on menus
The City of Vancouver wants restaurants and bars to start listing the alcohol percentages of drinks on their menus, but an industry group isn't exactly toasting the idea.
BBC News (Wales) - Minimum alcohol pricing for Wales back on table
Plans to introduce a new law setting a minimum price for alcohol in Wales could be revived by the Welsh Government.
Herald Sun (Australia) - Aussie drinking habits revealed in alcohol consumption report
BEER drinkers are most brand loyal, our taste for wine improves with age, and Baby Boomers are the biggest boozers, a report has found.
CTV News (Canada) - Report shows thousands hospitalized due to harmful consumption of alcohol
A new study shows there are more hospitalizations for alcohol consumption than for heart attacks and thousands of Canadians have been admitted for alcohol-related conditions over the last few years.
NIT - Study confirms long-term foetal alcohol effects
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder caused by their mothers drinking alcohol during pregnancy are more likely to fail at school, talk about killing themselves and have problems paying attention.
NDTV - Beware! Excessive Boozing May Make You Age Fast, Warn Experts
Lots have been said and researched about the harmful effects of excessive alcohol consumption by experts from across the globe. (Ireland) - 'Our children's television viewing is bombarded with the thrills and spills of alcohol'
MANY PARENTS WHO have enjoyed raising their families may well have encountered a time when their child invented an imaginary friend. This is certainly not unusual and is widely regarded as a routine part of normal childhood development.
Washington Post - Even moderate drinking causes atrophy in brain area related to memory, learning
Popular belief, backed up by various studies, holds that a moderate amount of alcohol can be good for your heart. Might it have a similar effect on your brain?
The Times (Scotland) - MacAskill calls for new steps to beat scourge of alcohol
Scots should only be allowed to buy supermarket alcohol via separate tills and fewer outlets should be permitted to sell drink in an effort to denormalise a habit causing 22 deaths a week, says a former justice minister.
The Hippocratic Post (UK) - A&E departments failing young people with alcohol problems
Nine of out of ten Accident and Emergency (A&E) departments are failing to identify young people with alcohol problems, preventing them from getting the vital help they need, according to a recent study published in the Emergency Medical Journal.
Olive Press (Spain) - Alcohol and drug checkpoints increased on Spain’s roads this weekend
SPAIN is to see an increase in alcohol and drug checkpoints on its roads this weekend. Checkpoints will be especially increased on conventional roads and roads with a high incident rate.
The Conversation AU (Australia) - Paramedics treating more young women for alcohol intoxication than men
More young people are needing emergency assistance for alcohol intoxication than in previous years, new data from Western Australia show.
Medical Xpress - Important role of GPs in reducing alcohol-related harms
Two new reports launched at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh on 22 June 2017, involving the University of Stirling, highlight the important role that GPs have in raising the issue of alcohol use in GP consultations.

Sunday, June 25, 2017

FASD News - 25/2017

NDTV - Here's Why Pregnant Women Shouldn't Drink Alcohol Or Smoke
Researchers have revealed an association between a fetus's exposure to smoking and specific patterns of aberrant behaviour as a toddler, at school age, and as a teen and propose that these patterns form a continuum.
The Rebel - Feminism’s new low: Advising against drinking during pregnancy is “sexist”
According to an article in the British national newspaper, The Telegraph, “experts” are suggesting guidelines stating it’s best to abstain from alcohol while pregnant are alarmist, stigmatizing and sexist.
Edmonton Journal (Canada) - Judges aim to launch special court to handle high volume of those with mental health issues
People suffering from mental illness and neurological issues accused of crimes may be appearing before a specialized court in Edmonton by this fall, provincial court officials told the Edmonton Police Commission on Thursday.
Kids Brain Health Network - Life with a neurodisability goes beyond the brain
Diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder as a 12 lb., year-old infant, her health trajectory had been atypical from the start. But when Travis told her doctor she suspected the fainting was linked to her FASD, she was met with a dismissive response.
MOFAS - Keeping Routines for Children with an FASD
Having a routine for children with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) can help reduce stress and anxiety. Children with an FASD have permanent brain injuries that can impact communication, understanding, responses to stress, and more.
University of Sidney (Australia) - Responding to fetal alcohol impacts in children
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) are more likely to fail at school, have attention problems and talk about killing themselves, according to their teachers, says University of Sydney research.
Sphere (Canada) - Employment and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Are you familiar with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or FAS in your practice? You may know it is a result of heavy drinking during pregnancy. Some studies even suggest that if a father drinks too much, there are similar consequences.

Children in Scotland - Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): supporting children and young people - 30th August 2017
Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are lifelong conditions that have a significant impact on the life of the individual and those around them. Prenatal exposure to alcohol can interfere with normal development to cause growth deficiency and alterations to the internal organs, skeleton and central nervous system. Often, the conditions go undiagnosed or are misdiagnosed, for example as autism.
Alberta - 2017 National Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Conference
We are happy to invite you to join us and our partners at the 2017 National Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Conference in Calgary, Alberta on October 24-27, 2017.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS - FASD and Pregnancy clinical knowledge
Ausmed - Education for Nurses - What You'll Learn - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder VLA
This Video Learning Activity (VLA) will provide an overview of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, firstly looking at prevention. If we know what FASD is and what to look for, we can better screen for it to prevent it.
Camrose Open Door - Open Door FASD Presentation
Embryology - Abnormal Development - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Embryology is an educational resource for learning concepts in embryological development, no clinical information is provided and content should not be used for any other purpose. - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
The effects of FAS can include physical problems and problems with behavior and learning. There is no known safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy or when trying to get pregnant. There is also no safe time to drink during pregnancy.

Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology - A descriptive study of a community-based home visiting program with preschool children prenatally exposed to alcohol
Research suggests that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) increases the risk of insecure caregiver-child attachment and related negative child emotional behavioural outcomes.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging - Radiological studies of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in humans and animal models: An updated comprehensive review
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders encompass a wide range of birth defects in children born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancy.
Child Psychiatry & Human Development - Evidence Supporting the Internal Validity of the Proposed ND-PAE Disorder
The internal validity of the proposed Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) was evaluated in children diagnosed with either Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) or partial FAS who were 3–10 years of age and had enrolled in a math intervention study.
Conneticut College - The Effects of Fetal Alcohol Exposure on Gene Expression and Associated Behavioral Markers in Sprague Dawley Rats
Alcohol is a dangerous recreational substance because of its availability and the economic, social, and biological problems that it can cause. Fetal alcohol exposure, although preventable, is particularly harmful to a developing embryo.
Research in Developmental Disabilities - Feasibility study of a family-focused intervention to improve outcomes for children with FASD
Growing evidence shows that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) can benefit from interventions, and specifically interventions focused on improving self-regulation.
The Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education - A Rat Model of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: A Series of Undergraduate Laboratory Exercises for Biopsychology Courses
Many undergraduate students are aware that consuming alcohol during pregnancy can result in many serious physical and behavioral deficits.
European Journal of Paediatric Neurology - Typical cerebellar allometry is disturbed in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Toward new MRI neuroanatomic markers
In the absence of physical characteristics of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS), etiologic diagnosis of non-syndromic forms of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (NS-FASD) remains probabilistic.
Alcoholism - Facial curvature detects and explicates ethnic differences in effects of prenatal alcohol exposure
Our objective is to help clinicians detect the facial effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) by developing computer based tools for screening facial form.
Advances in Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Caregivers of Youth with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Hopes for Them as Adults
Caregivers of youth with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder participated in telephone interviews about their hopes for their youths as adults.
Alcohol - A modified Timeline Followback assessment to capture alcohol exposure in pregnant women: Application in the Safe Passage Study
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has been linked to poor pregnancy outcomes, yet there is no recognized standard for PAE assessment, and the specific effects of quantity, frequency, and timing remain largely unknown.
Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics - Behavior in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Remote Australia: A Population-Based Study
To document behavior in children residing in very remote Western Australian communities as rated by parent/caregivers and teachers. We hypothesized that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) would have higher rates of problematic behavior than children without FASD.
International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience - Effects of prenatal binge-like ethanol exposure and maternal stress on postnatal morphological development of hippocampal neurons in rats
Alcohol is one of the most commonly used drugs of abuse negatively affecting human health and it is known as a potent teratogen responsible for fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which is characterized by cognitive deficits especially pronounced in juveniles but ameliorating in adults.
Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet. - Psychometric Properties of Brief Screening Tests for Alcohol Use Disorders during Pregnancy in Argentina
In other cultural contexts, studies have concluded that T-ACE and TWEAK are the best instruments to assess pregnant women. In contrast, our results evidenced the low reliability of those instruments and a better performance of the AUDIT in this population. - Two Recent Approaches to FASD Diagnosis: An Issue Paper
Over the last 50 years, a significant amount of research and clinical expertise has been devoted to characterizing the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the developing fetus.
BMC Psychology - Neurodevelopmental profile of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A systematic review
In an effort to improve the screening and diagnosis of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), research has focused on the identification of a unique neurodevelopmental profile characteristic of this population.
Drug Alcohol Depend - Who is most affected by prenatal alcohol exposure: Boys or girls?
Boys and girls had mostly similar outcomes when prenatal alcohol exposure was linked to poor physical and neurocognitive development. Nevertheless, sex ratios implicate lower viability and survival of males by first grade, and girls have more dysmorphology and neurocognitive impairment than boys resulting in a higher probability of a FASD diagnosis.

Interia (Poland) - Mamo, nie pij w ciąży
Co najmniej dwa procent dzieci w Polsce cierpi z powodu zaburzeń rozwoju spowodowanych piciem alkoholu przez matki podczas ciąży. To więcej niż liczba maluchów z autyzmem.
Hyvä Terveys (Finland) - ”Kysyisin äidiltä, miksi hän joi”
Äidin raskaudenaikainen alkoholinkäyttö uhkaa yhä tuhansien lapsien elämää Suomessa. Mikko on yksi FASD-nuori.

Thursday, June 22, 2017

Alcohol News - 25/2017

Fortune - Liquor Makers Are Now Marketing Alcohol Brands as “Experiences”
A few years ago, alcohol-beverage giant Diageo realized it had a problem. When Fireball-loving millennials wanted to take a shot, they weren't downing the company's Captain Morgan rum. (Canada) - Alcohol responsible for more hospital admissions than heart attacks last year: report
There were more hospital admissions in Canada last year for alcohol-related conditions than for heart attacks.
BBC News (Scotland) - Alcohol-linked deaths '54% higher in Scotland'
An average of 22 people a week died from alcohol-related causes in Scotland in 2015, figures show.
EURACTIV (EU) - Alcohol makers brace for EU-wide mandatory labelling
Makers of spirits and beer are exploring self-regulatory solutions to show consumers the ingredients contained in the alcohol they drink. However, they find the Commission’s timeline “too tight” and fear mandatory rules will eventually be imposed on them.
teleSUR English (Uruguay) - Uruguay Drafts Bill to Regulate Alcohol Consumption
Uruguay's President Tabare Vazquez has announced his plans to present a “ total holistic law” to tackle the nation’s rising dependence on alcoholism.
Scientific American - Raising Alcohol Taxes Can Curtail Assaults and Suicides
The woman disappeared. She had been coming to our group therapy sessions for months, and suddenly she stopped. Other group members told me why: she had been beaten so badly by her husband that she ended up in the hospital. - Deficits in attention and executive functioning linked to frequency of alcohol, drug use
Impairments in processing and using information that help with decision-making and planning simple tasks such as grocery shopping are linked with one's frequency of alcohol or drug use according to a new study.
MuMbrella (Australia) - Alcohol brands are tactically retreating from sports sponsorship, and we should celebrate
There has been a number of interesting moves from alcohol brands in recent months which indicate the tide could be turning on alcohol's association with sports. Michael Thorn, chief executive for The Foundation for Alcohol Research and Education, explores if we are witnessing a tactical retreat by an alcohol industry that sees the writing on the wall, or if this is the start of something bigger and even more significant - a quiet and complete surrender.
Lexology - The WTO’s “decision” on plain packaging for cigarettes: will alcohol be next?
Pursuant to the Tobacco Plain Packaging Act 2011 (“the Act”), tobacco companies in Australia are required by law to sell their products using a generic drab dark brown packaging that features large, aesthetically-confrontational health warnings.
YLE News - Research: Foetus absorbs mother's alcohol, nicotine intake in just two hours
Toxic substances such as nicotine and alcohol from alcoholic drinks can travel quickly through an expectant mother's placenta to her unborn baby, says a researcher from the University of Eastern Finland.
Addiction Now - How are underage drinkers influenced by alcohol ads?
Alcohol is the most used substance by adolescents in the U.S. People who are between 12 and 20 years old drink 11 percent of all alcoholic beverages consumed in the country, and a new study found that these underage drinkers are heavily influenced by marketing and advertising. (UK) - Britons cutting down on drinking as 40% say they are boozing less than a year ago
A record number of adults are consciously cutting back on their drinking, according to new figures.
Four in ten say they are consuming less alcohol now than they did a year ago, particularly young men who are shaking off their lager lout image. (Ireland) - Young people in Ireland are drinking less alcohol than their parents and this could be the reason why
Ireland is being hit by a wave of sobriety. The latest figures from the World Health Organisation show that our reputation for heavy drinking is now little more than a quaint historical stereotype.
Helsinki Times (Finland) - Ruling groups find agreement on alcohol law reform
The Finnish government will propose that the maximum alcohol content for beverages sold at grocery shops be raised to 5.5 per cent but also that the issue be designated as a matter of conscience in the first reading in the Parliament, thus allowing the members of the ruling parliamentary groups to exercise their own discretion in voting.

Wednesday, June 14, 2017

Alcohol News - 23/2017

The Guardian (Lithuania) - Last orders for Lithuanian teenagers as government cracks down on alcohol
Opposite the Keulė Rūkė bar and BBQ joint near the main train station in Lithuania’s capital, Vilnius, a 6ft-high mural has appeared in recent weeks. It depicts three of Lithuania’s leading politicians as the Taliban, complete with suicide bombs and machine guns. Scrawled underneath the image are the words: “The party is over.”
Business Insider - Uber will try to change its 'bro culture' by cutting down on alcohol at work
Uber will now start cutting back on workplace partying in an effort to turn around its so-called "bro culture."
The Independent - Drinking any amount of alcohol during pregnancy can change the way babies' faces form, study finds
Drinking even small amounts of alcohol when pregnant could alter a baby's features, a new study has found.
The Times (Ireland) - Alcohol marketing in TV sport breaks spirit of law
Alcohol marketing appeared on screen once every other minute during broadcasts of the European Championships last summer, a new study has found. (USA) - Researchers find higher rates of alcohol misuse among women in rural Appalachian Ohio
Appalachia -- stretching from the southern tier of New York state to northern Alabama, Mississippi and Georgia -- has long experienced deep economic distress and deprivation, and the gamut of accompanying social problems.
The South African (South Africa) - Binge-drinking SA Youth are using ‘transactional sex’ to get themselves alcohol: Study
Soul City Institute and the STRIVE consortium carried out the research focused on rural and urban teenagers and their relationship with booze.
Packaging News (UK) - Health expert calls for graphic warnings on alcohol packaging
Judith Mackay, an adviser to the World Health Organisation who fought against the tobacco lobby in Asia, said a change in packaging could help “de-normalise” excessive alcohol or calorie consumption. - Concurrent use of alcohol and marijuana among drivers increases risk of fatal crashes
Use of marijuana in combination with alcohol by drivers is especially dangerous, according to a latest study conducted at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. - Even Moderate Drinking May Harm Brain Function
Alcohol consumption, even in moderation, is linked to a greater risk of adverse brain outcomes and a more severe decline in cognition, according to a new U.K. study published in the journal The BMJ.
Deccan Chronicle - High alcohol consumption puts women at risk of diabetes
Binge drinking in teens, may raise a woman's chance of type 2 diabetes. According to a study regular high alcohol consumption from the age of 16 is associated with higher glucose concentrations in women's blood, an important risk factor for type 2 diabetes, later in life.
Science Daily - Higher alcohol consumption leads to greater loss of muscle tissue in postmenopausal women
Both aging and menopause are known to affect sarcopenia, which is a loss of muscle mass and strength, which in turn affects balance, gait, and overall ability to perform tasks of daily living. A new study is one of the first to link alcohol consumption with a higher prevalence of sarcopenia in postmenopausal women.
The Local Italy (Italy) - Turin bans late night alcohol sales after stampede that injured 1,500
Turin mayor Chiara Appendino on Thursday introduced a measure clamping down on the sale of takeaway alcoholic drinks in the evening, after a stampede in one of the city's main squares on Saturday night left over 1,500 people injured.
Healio - Less benefit from light alcohol consumption than previously thought
The apparent observed health benefits of stable moderate drinking, and the risks associated with abstention, may be overstated among middle-aged adults, according to research published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
Focus News (Moldova) - Accent TV: In Moldova the advertising of alcoholic beverages is banned
The Government of the Republic of Moldova approved a bill, according to which a number of restrictions on advertising of alcoholic beverages would be introduced.
TASS (Russia) - Russians cut down on smoking and drinking, says health minister
The level of alcohol and tobacco consumption in Russia has sizably declined, Russian Minister of Health Veronika Skvortsova told a European session on non-infectious diseases of the World Health Organization.
JOE (Ireland) - Ireland may drink less than they did in 2005, but numbers are on the rise again
Irish people are drinking a lot less than we did at the height of the Celtic Tiger years, according to a report from the World Health Organisation, but our boozing culture is in danger of taking over once again. Well, 25% less, to be precise, although Alcohol Action Ireland have warned that the trend is on the rise once again.

Sunday, June 11, 2017

FASD News - 22/2017 (Canada) - Extreme FASD could mean rapist brothers not criminally responsible, say lawyers
Two young brothers who randomly kidnapped and raped a grade 12 student are both suffering from such severe cases of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) their lawyers say they may not be criminally responsible for their actions.
Medscape - Low Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Affects Facial Development
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), even at low levels, is consistently associated with differences in craniofacial shape among affected children, a new study shows. Differences resemble midfacial abnormalities associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
The Good Men Project - How Do You Get Through to a Child Who Doesn’t Think Logically?
We used to think that carrying a piece of drywall around with us so we could bang our head into it every time we had to re-explain something to our kid, or try to reason with him, was the ticket. And then, we discovered a better way to connect.
Romper - What Does It Mean If You Crave Alcohol While Pregnant? Science Can Explain Those Beer Cravings
Cravings are weird. There are times when you can pretty much set a clock by them, like "three days before my period, I will singlehandedly empty my kitchen of food." But in pregnancy it's different, and so are the cravings. What does it mean if you crave alcohol while pregnant?
Simon Fraser University - PhD research praises B.C. program treating indigenous youth living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Billie Joe Rogers has devoted the past five years to completing her PhD thesis, which evaluates a B.C. provincial program to support indigenous youth living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and involved in the juvenile justice system.
By writing that studies are “ambiguous” in “Five myths about pregnancy” [Outlook, May 14], Amy Tuteur framed the issue of a safe level of alcohol use during pregnancy as an ongoing debate between opposing sides, each with scientific validity.

Clinical Eye Openers - Diagnosis of the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Eminent Presentation by Professor Kenneth L. Jones, Department of Pediatrics, Dysmorphology Program, University of California at San Diego, USA - Published in Clinical Eye Openers site(
Queensland Family and Child Commission - Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
FASD learning forum presentation by Anne Russell, Founder and Executive Officer Russell Family Fetal Alcohol Disorders Association.
Queensland Family and Child Commission - Raising a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Phillip Barrett, parent and carer, talks about raising a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
Shoma Mittra - Baby Steps Episode 2 Change is Coming

Acta Neuropathologica Communications - PLGF, a placental marker of fetal brain defects after in utero alcohol exposure
Most children with in utero alcohol exposure do not exhibit all features of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), and a challenge for clinicians is to make an early diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) to avoid lost opportunities for care.
Read more
Journal of Addictions Nursing - Educational Opportunities for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention
Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Who is most affected by prenatal alcohol exposure: Boys or girls?
Boys and girls had mostly similar outcomes when prenatal alcohol exposure was linked to poor physical and neurocognitive development. Nevertheless, sex ratios implicate lower viability and survival of males by first grade, and girls have more dysmorphology and neurocognitive impairment than boys resulting in a higher probability of a FASD diagnosis.
JAMA Pediatrics - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure - No Safe Amount
Prenatal alcohol exposure is important for every mother to consider. Many women know that it is important to avoid alcohol during the first trimester of pregnancy, but there are some myths that suggest that drinking a small amount of alcohol in the second or third trimester is okay.
Laurentian University - Living with a sibling diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
The following document is a two-paper manuscript-based thesis investigating the experiences of siblings of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). According to the sibling literature, individuals are impacted by living with a brother or sister with a disability, but, much of the research has focused on siblings of individuals with Autism, Down Syndrome, or developmental disability in general.
The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - The Psychiatric Morbidity of Women Who Give Birth to Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD): Results of the Manitoba Mothers and FASD Study
To investigate differences in physician-diagnosed psychiatric disorders between women who gave birth to children with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnosis (study group) compared to women who gave birth to children without FASD (comparison group).
NeuroToxicology - Retinoic acid prevents synaptic deficiencies induced by alcohol exposure during gastrulation in zebrafish embryos
In this study, we examined the effects of alcohol exposure during gastrulation on zebrafish embryos, specifically focusing on excitatory synaptic activity associated with neurons (Mauthner cells) that are born during gastrulation.
The Neuroscientist - Ethanol and the Developing Brain: Inhibition of Neuronal Activity and Neuroapoptosis
Ethanol induces massive neuroapoptosis in the developing brain. One of the main hypotheses that has been put forward to explain the deleterious actions of ethanol in the immature brain involves an inhibition of neuronal activity.
JAMA Pediatrics - Association Between Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Craniofacial Shape of Children at 12 Months of Age
Any alcohol consumption has consequences on craniofacial development, supporting advice that complete abstinence from alcohol while pregnant is the safest option; it remains unclear whether the facial differences are associated neurocognitive outcomes of prenatal alcohol exposure.
JAMA Pediatrics - New Opportunities for Evidence in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
The simultaneous occurrence of 3 facial features (small palpebral fissures, a smooth philtrum, and a thin upper lip), assessed clinically, is currently required to diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS); the simultaneous occurrence of 2 of the 3 features is required to diagnose partial FAS.
Journal of Family Nursing - A Grounded Theory of Mothering in the Early Years for Women Recovering From Substance Use
Women in recovery from addiction experience significant sociostructural barriers to reestablishing self, family, and home after having a baby.
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Self-reported health, use of alcohol and illicit drugs, and criminality among adults with foetal alcohol syndrome
To investigate self-reported physical and psychiatric problems, use of alcohol and illicit drugs, as well as conviction, and being a victim, of crime in adults with foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
Alcohol and Alcoholism - Systematic Review of Guidelines on Managing Patients with Harmful Use of Alcohol in Primary Healthcare Settings
All 17 guidelines recommended screening and brief interventions due to its associated health and financial benefits. Policy makers are highly encouraged to integrate these practices into primary healthcare settings taking the drinking status, culture and resources into account.
PAHO - Actual and predicted prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy in Latin America and the Caribbean: systematic literature review and meta-analysis
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is associated with high rates of drug addiction in adulthood. One possible basis for increased drug use in this population is altered sensitivity to drug-associated contexts.