Thursday, October 27, 2016

Alcohol News - 43/2016

Scotsman (Scotland) - SNP wins alcohol minimum price court battle
The Scottish Government has won its legal battle to introduce alcohol minimum pricing in Scotland after the Court of Session today kicked out an objection by the drinks industry.
Science Daily - Mixing energy drinks, alcohol may affect adolescent brains like cocaine
Drinking highly caffeinated alcoholic beverages triggers changes in the adolescent brain similar to taking cocaine, and the consequences last into adulthood as an altered ability to deal with rewarding substances, according to a study.
CNN - Women now drink nearly as much alcohol as men, study finds
The report, published in the medical journal BMJ Open, analyzed 4 million people born between 1891 and 2001 and found that, historically, men were more likely to drink alcohol, and in amounts that would damage their health. (Switzerland) - Alcohol ban eased for volunteer firefighters
Members of Switzerland’s volunteer firefighter service will be allowed to tackle blazes after consuming moderate amounts of alcohol from next year. The change in the law will allow more community rescue workers to spring into action in emergencies.
The Guardian (Australia) - Governments accused of failing to fully recognise role of alcohol in family violence
A coalition of alcohol experts including doctors and researchers have accused federal, state and territory governments of failing to properly acknowledge the role of alcohol in family violence.
The New Arab (Iraq) - Iraqi president calls for revision of alcohol ban
Iraqi President Fuad Masum on Wednesday called for parliament to revise a law passed over the weekend that included a provision banning alcohol.
Science Daily - Teenagers influenced by video games with alcohol, smoking content
Images and references to alcohol and tobacco in popular video games may be influencing UK teens who play the games and the age restriction system is not working, according to a new study.
Live Science (USA) - ER Visits for Alcohol Intoxication Are Going Up
Visits to the emergency room for alcohol intoxication in the United States have increased by more than 50 percent over the past decade, a new study finds.
Newstalk 106-108 fm (Ireland) - Calls for support for health labelling of alcohol, amid breast cancer link
The Irish Cancer Society (ICS) is warning of the links between alcohol and breast cancer. It claims over one-in-ten breast cancer cases and deaths are caused by alcohol.
Irish Health - Low awareness of alcohol link to breast cancer
The link between alcohol and breast cancer is well established but public awareness of this remains low, the Irish Cancer Society (ICS) has warned.
Medical News Today - Schizophrenia risk increased with alcohol, drug abuse
There has been a wealth of research on the impact that alcohol, cannabis, and other drugs might have on the risk of developing schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders.
The Times (UK) - Alcohol bill faces ‘ferocious industry lobbying’
The alcohol industry has been accused of “ferocious lobbying” against a government bill to introduce minimum unit pricing and restrict advertising. (China) - Most Chinese teenagers have tried alcohol
A nationwide survey shows that underage drinking has become a major public health threat in China. In the past two years, some 30,000 middle school students have participated into the poll that shows more than half of them have tried alcohol at least once.
Huffington Post Australia - Alcohol In The Years Before Pregnancy Increases Breast Cancer Risk
When you're young, single and having a drink, thoughts of pregnancy, or worse, cancer tend to not be on your mind. Yet new Cancer Council Victoria research has shown for the first time that women who drink between puberty and their first pregnancy are more likely to develop breast cancer later in life.
Medscape - Alcohol and Smoking Linked to Premature Death in Many Cancers
Eleven of the 15 cancers responsible for premature death and loss of healthy life years in US residents are closely linked to smoking and alcohol, a new study shows. (Belgium) - Belgium must increase cost of alcohol: experts
Alcohol in Belgium should be regulated the same way as tobacco and prices should rise steeply to tackle its societal harms, an expert group recommended ahead of the government’s alcohol policy overhaul, set to begin Monday, according to Belgian daily Nieuwsblad. (New Zealand) - Beer labels featuring cute cartoons appeal to minors, Alcohol Healthwatch says
Alcohol watchdogs are concerned beer branding featuring cute cartoons or resembling softdrinks, may be too appealing to minors.
The Copenhagen Post (Denmark) - Danish government would allow minors to serve alcohol
The Danish government is moving to allow 15-year-olds to serve alcohol in restaurants. Currently, the minimum age is 18.

Sunday, October 23, 2016

FASD News - 42/2016

SDSU Newscenter - Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Disorder More Easily
Early-childhood clinicians such as pediatricians and child psychologists are often the first to raise the alarm for families with children who exhibit developmental disorders, such as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). - "It's hard to ask that question, so we miss it."
"It's a tough subject to bring up, use of something that is legal. I don't know why it is, it just is 'Hey did you drink?' you know it's hard for doctors to ask that question for some reason, so we miss it." Dr. James Hocker, Medical Director of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Children's Hospital of Illinois, explains.
Peoria Journal Star (USA) - Effects of alcohol on unborn children can last a lifetime
While Dr. James Hocker knows that nearly any mother would never knowingly harm her child, up to 1 in 20 children could suffer lifelong effects because of decisions made by their pregnant mothers.
The Australian (Australia) - FASD ‘a generational time-bomb burden’
The profoundly damaging consequences of heavy drinking by pregnant mothers, malnutrition in early childhood and inter­generational “psychic trauma” are neither properly diagnosed nor treated in Aborigines coming into contact with the law, a royal commission has heard. (Canada) - FASD a lesser-known health concern in Halton
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the leading known cause of preventable developmental disability among Canadians, says Halton FASD Chair Cheryl Gustafson.
ChronicleLive (UK) - Number of children affected by mothers drinking alcohol while pregnant is 'snowballing'
The number of children in care affected by their mothers drinking alcohol while pregnant is “snowballing”, a doctor has warned.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Fran Lowe: We need to examine relationship with alcohol
On Friday, September 9 a service was held at Hastings Hospital to commemorate Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Awareness Day.
Marketwired (Canada) - Ministers From Across Canada Gather in Halifax to Discuss Justice and Public Safety Priorities
They discussed the challenges that the justice system faces in appropriately responding to those with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and other neurocognitive disabilities and agreed to publicly release the Final Report of the Steering Committee on FASD and Access to Justice.
ChronicleLive (UK) - Fathers-to-be urged to join pregnant partners in alcohol abstinence
Gateshead Council has heard an urgent plea for young mums, and dads, to steer clear of alcohol during pregnancy to help tackle foetal alcohol syndrome.
The Guardian (Australia) - Royal commission told foetal alcohol disorder and hearing loss contributing to incarceration
Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and hearing loss were both likely impacts on the high rates of Indigenous people in the child protection and criminal justice systems, the royal commission has heard.
WHO Europe (Scotland) - Recent Scottish Government actions to limit alcohol intake during pregnancy
In Scotland, there has been increasing recognition in recent years of the particular risks of alcohol consumption for certain sectors of the population, including pregnant women.

Brain Imaging and Behavior - Functional connectivity abnormalities and associated cognitive deficits in fetal alcohol Spectrum disorders (FASD)
Consistent with well-documented structural and microstructural abnormalities in prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), recent studies suggest that functional connectivity (FC) may also be disrupted.
European Journal of Medical Genetics - A review of the physical features of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
The fetal alcohol spectrum of disorders (FASD) includes four diagnostic categories for the clinical consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) in the unborn child.
IEEE Explore - A novel expert system for diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome using close range photogrammetry
Remaining necessary information will be received from the patient along with the output of last stage applies to expert system. Decision making in expert system is based on fuzzy method which is done in two stages.
Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Revised Guidelines Increase Specificity of Diagnostic Criteria for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Updated guidelines for the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) refine diagnostic criteria that were previously issued in 2005.
Alcohol - Recognition memory is selectively impaired in adult rats exposed to binge-like doses of ethanol during early postnatal life
This study explores the persistent cognitive consequences of ethanol administration in rat pups over postnatal days (PD) 4–9, modeling human third trimester consumption.
European Journal of Medical Genetics - Interventions in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: An international perspective
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are present across countries and cultures, with prevalence rates threatening to rise in the coming years.
Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology - Neuropsychological Aspects of Prevention and Intervention for FASD in Canada
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the leading cause of developmental disability among Canadians. As a result, FASD has emerged as a public health priority in Canada.
BioNanoScience - Enhanced Excitability of the Neonatal Rat Hippocampus After Acute Exposure to Ethanol
Enhanced excitability manifested by seizures and epilepsy is one of the characteristic features of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Children and Youth Services Review - Nutritional status of foster children in the U.S.: Implications for cognitive and behavioral development
Children in foster care are at greater risk for poor health, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental outcomes than are children in the general population.
Alcohol - Chronic binge alcohol consumption during pregnancy alters rat maternal uterine artery pressure response
We aimed to investigate pressure-dependent maternal uterine artery responses and vessel remodeling following gestational binge alcohol exposure.
Social Forces - Alcohol's Collateral Damage: Childhood Exposure to Problem Drinkers and Subsequent Adult Mortality Risk
The importance of childhood circumstances, broadly defined, for shaping adult health and longevity is well established.
Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - A Multi-stage Sparse Coding Framework to Explore the Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
In clinical neuroscience, task-based fMRI (tfMRI) is a popular method to explore the brain network activation difference between healthy controls and brain diseases like Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (PAE).
National Center for Biotechnology Information - Functional connectivity abnormalities and associated cognitive deficits in fetal alcohol Spectrum disorders (FASD)
Consistent with well-documented structural and microstructural abnormalities in prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), recent studies suggest that functional connectivity (FC) may also be disrupted. We evaluated whole-brain FC in a large multi-site sample, examined its cognitive correlates, and explored its potential to objectively identify neurodevelopmental abnormality in individuals without definitive dysmorphic features. Included were 75 children with PAE and 68 controls from four sites.

KREISZEITUNG Böblinger Bote (Germany) - Aufklären über eine kaum bekannte Behinderung
Die überregionale Selbsthilfegruppe FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Discorder, zu deutsch: Fetale Alkoholspektrum Störung) öffnet sich für Interessierte: An jedem dritten Mittwoch im Monat, also am 19. Oktober wieder, treffen sich die Teilnehmer aus dem Landkreis Böblingen und der Region Calw, Horb und Nagold von 20 bis 22 Uhr im Herrenberger Klosterhof.
Osservatorio Malattie Rare (Italy) - Gravidanza, da USA nuove linee guida per la diagnosi di 'spettro dei disturbi feto-alcolici'
Il National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), istituto statunitense che si occupa dei problemi legati all'alcolismo, ha affidato ad un gruppo di esperti il compito di redigere una serie aggiornata di linee guida per la diagnosi dello 'spettro dei disturbi feto-alcolici' (FASD), un termine 'ombrello' che include le diverse forme di anomalie e disabilità causate da un'esposizione prenatale all’alcol etilico.

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Alcohol News - 42/2016

The Guardian - Most countries get more calories from alcohol than soft drinks – study
People in the UK and many other countries get more of their calories from alcohol than from sugary drinks like cola and lemonade, according to new data which suggests that tackling Britain’s drink problem may be more important for health than cracking down on sugar consumption.
CBN News - Dangerous Consequences for Women Who Buy the Myth 'Alcohol Is Safe'
Alcoholism remains a leading cause of death in the United States. But even with all the research poured into the problem, it's a condition that's often misunderstood.
The Hindu - Smoking, alcohol affect DNA in cells
Measuring changes at cellular level in smokers and alcohol consumers, researchers have shown both smoking and consumption of alcohol cause formation of micronuclei, binucleate, karyolysis and karyohexis — cellular phenomenon associated with undesirable changes to DNA within the nucleus of a cell besides being biomarkers for exposure to toxic chemicals.
Munchies_ Food by VICE (UK) - British Politicians Drank Nearly $60,000 Worth of Alcohol Last Year
For British MPs, the exact number of post-work pints at Westminster’s watering holes, all those cheeky glasses of red with dinner at the bankside cafeteria, and flutes of networking event fizz are laid out every year in the Government Wine Cellar’s report.
Medical Xpress - Diagnosing fetal alcohol disorder more easily
Early-childhood clinicians such as pediatricians and child psychologists are often the first to raise the alarm for families with children who exhibit developmental disorders, such as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). But pediatricians usually aren't specialists, and the hallmarks of FASD can be subtle.
Daily Illini - Drinking habits shift toward ‘Drunkorexia,’ study finds
University students starve themselves all day long in order to get drunk quicker and without consuming extra calories.
Boston University - More Alcohol Ads, More Drinking
The more brand-specific alcohol advertising that young drinkers are exposed to, the higher their consumption of those brands, according to a new study led by researchers from the Boston University School of Public Health (SPH).
RARHA (EU) - European Joint Action on Reducing Alcohol Related Harm - Share the Results
The Joint Action Reducing Alcohol Related Harm final conference takes place on October 13-14 in Lisbon, Portugal. The insights from the Workgroups, presented at the conference, have a strong accent on mutual member states cooperation and knowledge sharing, spanning wide range of topics on reducing alcohol related harm considering future challenges and impact on public health policy in Europe.
Irish Examiner - Cynical drinks industry advertising is shameful
PSYCHOLOGICAL thriller The Girl on the Train doesn’t need any more plaudits, but the accolade it deserves most will probably never feature on an Oscar nominee list. Emily Blunt, who plays sad, unreliable lead character Rachel, should get the gong for “best female screen drunk ever”.

Thursday, October 13, 2016

Alcohol News - 41/2016

RARHA (EU) - RARHA Final Conference happens this week in Lisbon
The Joint Action Reducing Alcohol Related Harm final conference takes place on October 13-14 in Lisbon, Portugal. The insights from the Workgroups, presented at the conference, have a strong accent on mutual member states cooperation and knowledge sharing, spanning wide range of topics on reducing alcohol related harm considering future challenges and impact on public health policy in Europe.
The Guardian (Australia) - Royal commission told foetal alcohol disorder and hearing loss contributing to incarceration
Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and hearing loss were both likely impacts on the high rates of Indigenous people in the child protection and criminal justice systems, the royal commission has heard.
Medical News Today - Parental absence increases chance of nicotine and alcohol use in children
Rsearch published this week in Archives of Disease in Childhood examines risky behavior in children who have experienced parental absence. Adding to earlier studies, the results show that behavioral changes begin earlier than previously thought.
Kyiv Post (Ukraine) - UNIAN: Ban on alcohol sales in Kyiv at night becomes effective October 12
Business entities, holders of relevant licences, are banned from selling alcohol as well as soft alcoholic beverages and beer from 23:00 to 10:00.
The Asia Foundation - In Asia (Cambodia) - Addressing Alcohol Abuse Critical to Preventing Intimate Partner Violence in Cambodia
In 2014, Cambodia’s government endorsed its second National Action Plan for Violence Against Women—one of a handful of critical steps the country has taken recently in eliminating violence against women. While this is good news, the overall prevalence rate of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the last decade has changed little.
CNN - Kids allowed sips of alcohol are more likely to drink in high school, study says
If you've already allowed your kids to take a little sip of your beer or wine from time to time, you probably won't be pleased when you hear the findings of a new report.
The Guardian (UK) - I stopped drinking alcohol and discovered Sunday brunch
Last week I had the joyous task of room-hunting in London. The majority of flatshares I came across online were looking for candidates who were “young professionals” (tick), “considerate” (tick), “tidy” (small tick) and “willing to socialise from time to time over a beer or glass of wine”. This is where I faltered.
Epilepsy Research UK - Study Highlights The Link Between Excessive Alcohol Drinking And SUDEP
The findings of a study at Southern Illinois University suggest that alcohol withdrawal in people with epilepsy (i.e. the alcohol-free period that follows a prolonged period of regular/heavy drinking) increases the risk of death following a seizure.
The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Australians are drinking less alcohol as prices rise and club trading hours fall, research shows
Australians' famed boozing habits are on the wane, and increasing the price of alcohol and reducing pubs and clubs' trading hours could be responsible, new research suggests.
Yakima Herald-Republic - Three Keystones of Breast Cancer Prevention: Diet, Exercise, and Reducing Alcohol Consumption
So, you’re doing regular breast self-exams, getting an office exam from your doctor once in a while, and if you’re a bit older, you’re going in for regular mammograms as well. You don’t have any family history of breast cancer, so you’re in the clear, right?
Irish Times (Ireland) - Irish cut out bread before alcohol to lose weight
People are more likely to cut down on bread than alcohol in an effort to eat healthily and lose weight, according to a survey that also suggests people are using the internet to diagnose their ills and make decisions on health. (Ireland) - Budget 2017: Smokers have been hit hard again, but alcohol and petrol are staying the same
The hike is the only tax increase in Budget 2017, Minister for Finance Michael Noonan said today. It means that there are no excise duty increases in the other traditional ‘old reliables’ of alcohol or petrol.
Times of Malta (Malta) - Zero alcohol limit for public transport drivers
Drivers of minibuses, buses, taxis and chauffeur-driven cars would be barred from drinking any alcohol at all while on duty under a proposal to tackle drunk-driving.
The Sunday Guardian - Link between alcohol and cancer is medically proven
The truth about alcohol, unknown to many, is that it is listed as a “proven human carcinogen” by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, which is affiliated to the World Health Organisation.
ChronicleLive (UK) - Number of children affected by mothers drinking alcohol while pregnant is 'snowballing'
The number of children in care affected by their mothers drinking alcohol while pregnant is “snowballing”, a doctor has warned.
Read more
MaltaToday (Malta) - National Alcohol Policy to focus on drunk driving and underage drinking
Minister for the Family and Social Solidarity says government will be taking steps in the coming days to address the problem of drunk driving.
Vanguard - Reduction in alcohol remedies liver problems
Reduction in intake of alcohol could help treat liver cirrhosis, Dr. Okezie Emenike, an Abuja based medical doctor, has said.

Sunday, October 9, 2016

FASD News - 40/2016

Healio - AAP researchers release guidelines on new pediatric neurobehavioral disorder
Researchers associated with the AAP have published in Pediatrics guidelines for the diagnosis and management of the newly proposed mental diagnosis neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure.
West - Welfare Society Territory (Spain) - Children arrive from the East already victims of alcohol
Use of alcohol during pregnancy is among the most common causes of intellectual disability acquired during infancy. A condition termed fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is totally preventable by pregnant women abstaining completely from drinking alcoholic beverages. (Canada) - Support services for FASD inconsistent across Canada, prof says
A Saskatchewan university professor says Canada needs to step up its support and services for those living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Both Jocelyn and Benjamin have been diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). FASD is an umbrella term describing the range of effects that can occur in an individual who is exposed to alcohol while their mother is pregnant. FASD may cause physical, mental, or behavioral effects, as well as a variety of other learning disabilities.
Middlewich Guardian (UK) - MP supports campaign highlighting risk of alcohol during pregnancy
MIDDLEWICH MP Fiona Bruce has helped launch a new campaign to highlight the rise in Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) among children and new born babies.
Healthy Critics - Birth Defects In New Born Can Be Caused By Father’s Lifestyle
Whenever a child is born with a defect at birth, the mother’s lifestyle always puts in question. But what is the newborn is born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) even though the baby’s mother has never taken any alcohol in her lifestyle. This shows that even a father’s life style is able to affect the lifestyle of a newborn during conception.

Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research - Fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol in pregnancy – GUIDELINES
Obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive medicine guidelines. Pregnancy.
FASD Research Project
This research project is lead by Dr. Michelle Stewart at the University of Regina. Working with her team of students, Dr. Stewart has a multi-level research project in three key areas: FASD & Social Justice, FASD & the Lived Experience, Strengths-Based Workshops.
Still thinking of what to do with kids this Halloween? Don’t worry, we did the homework for you. Your Halloween celebration can include much more than just costumes and trick-or-treating. These simple, not-too-scary Halloween games will help you host the best Halloween party ever! We also have a piece on relationships and so much more! Happy reading!
NJAAP - FASD - Part 2 - Assessment Management of FASD
NeuroDevNet - My Adult FASD Diagnosis: Clarity for a Man and his Mom

BMC Psychiatry - Guidelines for identification and treatment of individuals with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder and associated fetal alcohol spectrum disorders based upon expert consensus
The association of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) results in a complex constellation of symptoms that complicates the successful diagnosis and treatment of the affected individual.
Neuroethics - Closing Gaps: Strength-Based Approaches to Research with Aboriginal Children with Neurodevelopmental Disorders
There is substantial literature on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) research involving Aboriginal children, but little related literature on other common neurodevelopmental conditions such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or cerebral palsy (CP) for this population.
UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE - Alterations to hippocampal neuroplasticity across the lifespan in a rodent model of FASD
Alcohol exposure in utero can result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrums Disorders (FASD) in the child. Patients with FASD exhibit permanent structural changes in various brain regions, including the hippocampus and functional impairments in many aspects of cognition and behavior.
Alcoholism - Second-Trimester Ultrasound as a Tool for Early Detection of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Early detection of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) is desirable to allow earlier and more comprehensive interventions to be initiated for the mother and infant. We examined prenatal ultrasound as an early method of detecting markers of the physical features and neurobehavioral deficits characteristic of FASD.
Australian Medicine - Researchers closer to DNA test for FASD
Canadian researchers believe they are closer to developing a DNA test for Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), after identifying distinct patterns associated with the DNA of children who were exposed to alcohol in the womb.
Pediatrics - Alcohol-Related Neurobehavioral Disabilities: Need for Further Definition and Common Terminology
The adverse effects of alcohol on the developing human comprise a continuum of disabilities termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Alcoholism - Effects of Ethanol on Cellular Composition and Network Excitability of Human Pluripotent Stem Cell-Derived Neurons
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) in animal models results in excitatory–inhibitory (E/I) imbalance in neocortex due to alterations in the GABAergic interneuron (IN) differentiation and migration.
Texas University - Preconception Chronic Male Alcohol Exposure Induces FAS Like Growth Restriction
Epidemiologic studies demonstrate that alcohol is the most prevalent teratogen to which humans are exposed. In the US, it is estimated that at least one percent of children suffer from fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) or alcohol-related birth defects associated with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS).
Alcoholism - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Pair Feeding Differentially Impact Puberty and Reproductive Development in Female Rats: Role of the Kisspeptin System
Reproductive maturation is initiated with the onset of puberty, which activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and coincidences with increased expression of the hormone kisspeptin within the hypothalamus.
Brain Sciences - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure and Whisker Clipping Disrupt Ultrasonic Vocalizations and Play Behavior in Adolescent Rats
Rats exposed to ethanol prenatally show reduced play fighting, and a combination of prenatal ethanol exposure and neonatal whisker clipping further reduces play fighting compared with ethanol exposure alone.
Pediatrics - Neurobehavioral Disorder Associated With Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Children and adolescents affected by prenatal exposure to alcohol who have brain damage that is manifested in functional impairments of neurocognition, self-regulation, and adaptive functioning may most appropriately be diagnosed with neurobehavioral disorder associated with prenatal exposure.
Journal of Oral Science - Prenatal alcohol exposure reduces mandibular calcium and phosphorus concentrations in newborn rats
Previous studies suggest that prenatal alcohol exposure affects fetal bone development, including bone quality. This study evaluated the chemical composition of mandibles from newborn rats after maternal 20% alcohol consumption before and throughout gestation.
JOSHUA - Mechanisms of Ethanol-Induced Developmental Neurotoxicity
During synaptogenesis, the developmental stage referred to as the brain growth spurt period, inhibition of neuronal activity can be accomplished by blocking N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDA) receptors or by excessive activation of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors in the developing brain.
Journal of Women, Politics & Policy - Preventing Tragedy in Canada? Risk and Responsibility in Government Discourses about Alcohol Consumption and Pregnancy
The feminist analysis presented in this article interrogates the fundamental assumptions that informed the first document produced by the Canadian government about alcohol consumption during pregnancy.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES (Poland) - Nawet minimalna ilości alkoholu w ciąży może zaszkodzić dziecku
Ciąża powinna być okresem absolutnie wolnym od alkoholu - mówili w Krakowie specjaliści zajmujący się diagnozowaniem i leczeniem dzieci z FASD, czyli z zaburzeniami, które są następstwem zatrucia alkoholowego dziecka w okresie prenatalnym.
Dobré noviny (Slovakia) - Pivovarníci upozorňujú na riziká pitia alkoholu počas tehotenstva
Fetálny alkoholový syndróm je súbor telesných a mentálnych vývinových porúch plodu, ktoré vznikajú následkom konzumácie alkoholu v tehotenstve. Na riziká upozorňuje kampaň Pivovary Topvar.
FAS project 2025 (Netherlands) - FAS2025
Het FAS-project geeft kinderen met het Foetaal Alcohol Syndroom een gezicht. FAS is het directe gevolg van het alcoholgebruik van de moeder tijdens de zwangerschap.

Thursday, October 6, 2016

Alcohol News - 40/2016

The Telegraph (UK) - Alcohol now so cheap 13 pints can be bought for price of cinema ticket
Teenagers are able to buy more than 13 pints of cider for the price of a cinema ticket, according to a new report which says children are being put at risk by “pocket money prices.”
Medical Xpress - Drinking alcohol during puberty is associated with future psychological disorders
Alcohol consumption onset between 11 and 13 years old is associated with an increased risk of psychological disorders in the future, according to a study conducted by the Complutense University of Madrid. The most common symptoms of more than 3,000 adolescents who participated in the research were bodily discomfort, hostility and aggression.
South China Morning Post (Hong Kong) - Hong Kong children drinking alcohol as young as 10, study finds
Younger people are starting to drink at just 10 years old, according to a new survey, renewing calls to strengthen regulation around the sale of alcohol to people aged below 18 years old.
The Guardian (Scotland) - Scotland to introduce alcohol testing and GPS tracking for tagged offenders
Offenders could have their sweat tested for alcohol or have their movements tracked using GPS tagging under community sentencing plans announced by the Scottish government. (Netherlands) - The bill for alcohol use adds up to €2.5bn, says ministry
Alcohol costs the Netherlands a net €2.5 billion a year, according to a report published by the health ministry.
Read more
The Guardian (Australia) - Alcohol: lockout laws substantially reduce violence, review finds
Lockout laws and restrictions on the sale of alcohol in late-night venues might be controversial but they substantially reduce rates of violence, a major international review has found.
Irish Times (Ireland) - One in three motorcyclists who died in crashes had drunk alcohol – study
A third of motorcyclists who died in crashes during a five-year period examined by the Road Safety Authority (RSA), drank alcohol before the collision.
Wall Street Journal (USA) - How Parents Can Curb Alcohol and Drug Use by Teens
A startling government report says about 40% of U.S. full-time college students engaged in binge drinking in the past month.
Medical Daily - Drinking In Bars: Loud Music May Cause You To Drink More Alcohol Than If You Were In A Quiet Setting
Bars and drinking go together like peanut butter and jelly, and now there may be a scientific reason for why. According to a study published earlier this month in the journal Food Quality and Preferences, sound can influence how much alcohol you end up drinking, and music may lead you to drink more than you would in a quieter environment.
Russia Beyond the Headlines (Russia) - Russian police want to introduce ‘idiot test’ for drunk drivers
Russia's traffic police reportedly are considering new options for assessing the intoxication levels of drivers, including best practices like the 'idiot test' from Germany. (UK) - Teenage British girls more likely to get drunk than boys – study
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) study found 31% of 15-year-old girls reported having been drunk at least twice compared with 26% of boys of the same age.