Sunday, January 10, 2021

FASD News - 1/2021

Blue Mountains Gazette (Australia) - Bendigo researcher Kerryn Bagley raising awareness of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
KERRYN Bagley was working as a child and adolescent counsellor when she met a young child who she thought might have an acquired brain injury.
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Gisborne Herald (New Zealand) - Alcohol during pregnancy has life-long costs
We are writing to wish you and all your readers a safe and relaxing Christmas — and to remind everybody that when an unborn child is exposed to alcohol in the womb, they are at high-risk of developing a serious disability, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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Brinkwire - Experts advise that alcohol impairs brain growth and dignity, from the cradle to the grave
The evidence for the deleterious effects of alcohol were persuasive, but now experts were able to pinpoint three main stages in life when the effects of alcohol are likely to be severe.
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March of Dimes (USA) - JANUARY IS NATIONAL BIRTH DEFECTS PREVENTION MONTH
Birth defects are structural changes that affect one or more parts of the body (e.g. heart, brain, foot). They develop most often during the first three months of pregnancy, when a baby’s organs are forming and can cause problems in overall health, how the body develops and functions.
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Public Ethics - Should Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy Be Recorded on The Child’s Health Record?
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term for a range of conditions that can result from drinking during pregnancy. It can include physical, mental and behavioural problems, including life-long learning disabilities.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
NAMI North Carolina - Thursdays with NAMI, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder - December 3, 2020
This edition includes two dynamic individuals, Myles Himmelreich and Kathy Hotelling. Myles grew up living with FASD. He was bounced around in Canada’s foster system until the age of 3, when he found his forever home with the Himmelreich family.
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FASD Awareness - FASD Awareness #BeAware
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 2, Episode 1 - Nick and Sharon Tassone, Setting up CAMP - A FASD Community
We're back! Happy New Year and welcome to Season 2 of Spotlight on FASD! This week we're chatting to Nick & Sharon Tassone, the wonderful, determined and motivated mother and son duo who co-founded CAMP- A FASD Community.
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CDC - Birth Defects Surveillance Toolkit
The Birth Defects Surveillance Toolkit serves as a resource for those looking to establish or enhance a surveillance programme for birth defects. It provides an overview of the purpose and importance of these types of programmes, and serves as a companion for planning, implementing, and evaluating a programme.
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Proof Alliance NC - Videos & Podcasts
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CBC - FASD and the Justice System
People living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder - or FASD - all too often get involved in the justice system, as victims or witnesses of crimes, or sometimes as perpetrators.
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RESEARCH
Drug and Alcohol Dependence - The prevalence, child characteristics, and maternal risk factors for the continuum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A sixth population-based study in the same South African community
Seventeen years after the first study in this community, FASD prevalence remains high at 16 %-31 %. The FAS rate may have declined somewhat, but rates of PFAS and ARND seemed to plateau, at a high rate.
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Current Addiction Reports - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal Axis Activity of the Offspring in Humans: a Systematic Review
In children/adolescents, the normal cortisol circadian rhythm is altered in PAE participants with a FASD diagnosis, who show increased evening cortisol levels. These findings support the programming effects of alcohol on the HPA stress system.
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Molecular Neurobiology - Ethanol Gestational Exposure Impairs Vascular Development and Endothelial Potential to Control BBB-Associated Astrocyte Function in the Developing Cerebral Cortex
Ethanol consumption during pregnancy or lactation period can induce permanent damage to the development of the central nervous system (CNS), resulting in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
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Child Abuse & Neglect - Characterizing adverse childhood experiences among children and adolescents with prenatal alcohol exposure and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Children and adolescents with PAE experience high rates of early adversity. Practice and policy initiatives are needed to improve early detection of ACEs among children with PAE and PAE among children with ACEs.
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Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Autism Spectrum Disorder in 39 Children and Adults: Examination of Behavioural and Cognitive Profiles
Overall, the ASD+PAE group had a more complex and severe presentation of symptoms. The relationship between ASD, FASD, and PAE as well as the value of providing an ASD diagnosis in the context of PAE are discussed.
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British Journal of Nutrition - Differential Effects of Maternal Diets on Birth Outcomes and Metabolic Parameters in Rats After Ethanol Consumption during Pregnancy
While the long-lasting effects of these outcomes are unknown, this study highlights the importance of maternal diet quality for maternal health and infant growth, and suggests that maternal nutrition intervention may be a potential target for alleviating FASD.
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psyarxiv.com - Corticostriatal deficits underlying cognitive impairments induced by fetal exposure to alcohol
The term Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) includes a group of diseases caused by fetal exposure to alcohol (FAE). FASD patients display heterogenous socio-emotional and cognitive deficits, particularly in the domain of executive function, which share symptoms with other neuropsychiatric disorders.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Health, social and legal outcomes of individuals with diagnosed or at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Canadian example
Individuals with FASD demonstrate a significant need for access to mental health and addiction services, especially among those with involvement in the child welfare and criminal justice systems.
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Executive and Social Functioning Across Development in Children and Adolescents with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
These findings support previous research on EF/SF deficits in adolescents with PAE while also addressing a gap in the literature concerning early childhood research on this topic.
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Massey University - Setting up for success : a qualitative study on teachers of students with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Teaching is a stressful and emotionally challenging profession with high attrition, effecting positive outcomes for students.
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - You Didn’t Drink during Pregnancy, Did You?
Self‐reported quantity of alcohol use varies greatly based on type of questions asked. Brief targeted questions about maximum number of drinks in 24 hours and total number of drinks at the most recent drinking episode provide much higher estimates of alcohol use and thus might be less affected by self‐reporting bias.
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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy - Various forms of alcohol use and their predictors among pregnant women in post conflict northern Uganda: a cross sectional study
This study indicates that alcohol use (any mount) during pregnancy is high while alcohol dependence, problematic and hazardous drinking is low. Knowledge and attitude were important predictors of alcohol use.
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Addiction - Pregnancy, partners and alcohol warning labels
Wilkinson & Ritter [1] provide a thought‐provoking commentary on substance use harm to others (HTO) research, policy and stigmatization of vulnerable populations. Of particular interest was a detected challenge of sorts, apparently aimed at researchers and advocates engaged in public health alcohol policy.
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Plos one - Consumption of alcohol and binge drinking among pregnant women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Prevalence and determinant factors
This study found a high level of alcohol consumption among pregnant women. Interventions to create awareness on the harmful effects of alcohol are needed. Moreover, strengthening social support during pregnancy and family planning services to reduce unplanned pregnancy and abortion should be considered.
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La Clinica Terapeutica - Challenges for Midwives’ Healthcare Practice in the Next Decade: COVID-19 – Global Climate Changes – Aging and Pregnancy – Gestational Alcohol Abuse
Alcohol assumption during pregnancy is responsible for serious damage to the fetus causing a wide range of pathological conditions related to Fetal Alcoholic Spectrum Disorder, leading cause of mental retardation in children of western countries.
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IN OTHER LANGUAGES
OX.pl (Poland) - Polski Instytut FASD rozkręca się w Ustroniu
Zafascynowani pomaganiem dzieciom, których matki piły alkohol w czasie cięży, otworzyli Polski Instytut FASD. Instytut działa od kilku miesięcy w centrum Ustronia, ale temat FAS w naszym powiecie przewija się już od jakiegoś czasu.
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Spektrum (Germany) - Welche Folgen hat Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft?
Manche Frauen meinen, ein Gläschen Sekt oder ein paar Schlucke Glühwein würden dem Baby in ihrem Bauch schon nicht schaden. Für das Gehirn des Ungeborenen können aber bereits kleine Mengen Alkohol schwer wiegende Folgen haben. Welche, das beantworten wir in unserer FAQ.
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Uusi Suomi (Finland)  -  Alkoholismin kieltäminen, Pertti ”Purtsi” Purhonen ja FASD-lapset
Onneksi Suomessa on paljon parantuneita ei-juovia alkoholisteja. Ongelma on siinä, että alkoholismi, joka usein on pitkäaikainen sairaus juuri vaikenemisen vuoksi, on ehtinyt vuosien aikana tuhota alkoholistin elämää ja heidän läheistensä elämää.
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