Sunday, September 27, 2020

FASD News - 38/2020

The Conversation (Canada) - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder amid COVID-19: Fewer services, potential boost in rates
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the leading developmental disability in Canada. Despite its preventable nature, there is concern among FASD researchers about a potential increase in FASD prevalence rates as a result of COVID-19, in addition to the impact the pandemic is having on the community.
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Hull Daily Mail (UK) – Mum's drinking during pregnancy gave son brain injury
A Yorkshire grandmother has revealed how her grandson's mood swings turned out to be a brain injury caused by her daughter drinking during pregnancy.
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Science Blog - Advances in Research on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are the broad range of neurodevelopmental and physical effects that result from prenatal exposure to alcohol.
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Daily Mail (UK) - Fury over controversial plans that could see pregnant women who drink of a single glass of wine have it recorded on their baby's medical records as charity warns it would be a 'gross infringement' of data privacy
Fury was sparked today over controversial plans that may see pregnant women who drink alcohol have all their consumption recorded on their baby's medical records — even if they only had a single glass of wine.
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The Cold Lake Sun (Canada) - Local artists the focus during annual FASD gala
For 20 years now the Lakeland Centre for FASD has been serving the greater Cold Lake region.  With offices in Cold Lake, Bonnyville, St Paul, and Lac La Biche, the Centre offers diagnostic services for children and adults, resource information and development; a mothers-to-be mentorship program, and summer camp.
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The Guardian (UK) - Drinking during pregnancy is not without risk
Zoe Williams could not be more wrong (Bilge, booze and misogyny: why I’m outraged by a new idea to police pregnant women, 18 September): drinking in pregnancy is everyone’s concern. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (Nice) consultation document provided compelling arguments explaining why society should be concerned about foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
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Drink Tank (Australia) - Facing disability: For the first time I have been given the tools to survive
Jessica shares her lived experience of FASD in an effort to arm individuals, families, carers and health professionals with information to create successful interventions and support. She feels awareness and action are key to not only slow the rate of children being born affected by prenatal alcohol, but also to be able to accurately assess and diagnose those children, so they have the best chance for happiness and success.
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NoFASD Australia - A BIRTH MOTHER’S STORY
I am a birth mother of a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and this is my story. I conceived my daughter at the age of 30. She is now 16. Only seven weeks after ceasing the birth control pill, I discovered I was pregnant. It never occurred to me to stop drinking alcohol as soon as I stopped using contraception.
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Hello Sunday Morning - I didn’t know alcohol could harm my baby, before knowing I was pregnant
I conceived my first child at 30. I had been married for 4 years when I ceased my long-term use of the birth control pill. I continued to drink alcohol at weekends, socially, but knew about avoiding certain foods and to reduce my caffeine intake. I am well educated and had done my research. I didn’t want to completely change my lifestyle, as long as my approach was ‘safe’ for my developing baby.
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CanFASD - What FASD is: a caregiver’s perspective
When asked to write this blog on what FASD means to me, I struggled.  FASD is a complicated disability with many challenging aspects.  I finally decided that, in my experience, FASD to this point has meant missed opportunities.
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Planet Radio (Scotland) - 1 in 20 Scottish babies affected by mothers' drinking
Health experts are campaigning for more understanding of a syndrome which affects 1 in 20 children. Statistices on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder show it is more prevalent than has been believed for youngsters in Scotland, with around 1 in 20 affected.
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News GP (Australia) - A perfect storm for spike in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
As alcohol use increases during the pandemic, Dr Magdalena Simonis and Dr Karin Hammarberg argue the spike is likely – and we need to be ready.
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Department of Health (Australia) - Australia leading the fight against FASD
As part of International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Awareness Day, the Morrison Government has committed nearly $24 million of funding for FASD Diagnostic and Support Services.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
The Scottish Parliament - MEMBERS' BUSINESS: RECOGNISING THE IMPACT OF ALCOHOL FOETAL SPECTRUM DISORDERS
That the Parliament recognises the prevalence and significant impact of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) in Scotland, as discussed at the meeting of the parliamentary Cross Party Group on Improving Scotland’s Health: 2021 and Beyond on 26 February 2020.
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ENDpae - An Invisible, Life-Long Disability
NDpae is a life-long disorder caused by alcohol interfering with the development of the foetal brain; this is also known as Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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FASDHub Scotland - 5th #FASDMonth webinar - Professional Round Table discussion
This is the 5th in the series of #FASDMonth webinars and took place on Wednesday 23rd September, hosted by FASD Hub Scotland/Adoption UK.
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Six Nations of the Grand River - SNGR Covid-19 Podcast Update with Lori Davis Hill for the dates of Sept 24th - 28th
SNGR Covid-19 Podcast Update with Lori Davis Hill for the dates of Sept 24th - 28th Guest: Floretta Hill, talking FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder)
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NHS - Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) - What Educators need to know
If you work in an educational setting, from early years to secondary school, you will meet children and young people affected by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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FASD Success - #039 Claire Mafranc from Struggling Single Mom to Successful with a Vision
Are you a single mom, or even feel like a single mom – alone, isolated, without close family or friends? Wondering if life as a caregiver with an individual with FASD is going to be a constant state of chaos and confusion? It doesn’t have to be that way.
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Honestly Adoption - How To Find Success With FASD
Parenting a child, or young adult, with a FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder) can be daunting, and just plain hard. If you're like many parents, you've tried everything, and you're losing your hair for pulling it out.
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RESEARCH
Journal of Occupational Therapy, Schools, & Early Intervention - Exploring Self-Regulation Strategy Use in Adolescents with FASD
Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) experience a range of cognitive, behavioral, and physical difficulties, including difficulties with self-regulation. We investigated self-regulation strategy use in adolescents with FASD who completed a self-regulation intervention program.
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Journal of Neuroscience Research - Neuroinflammatory contribution of microglia and astrocytes in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Ethanol exposure to the fetus during pregnancy can result in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). These disorders vary in severity, can affect multiple organ systems, and can lead to lifelong disabilities.
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International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology - Effects of high fat diet and maternal binge-like alcohol consumption and their influence on cocaine response in female mice offspring
Therefore, in female offspring, some effects triggered by one of these factors, PLAE or a HFD, were blunted by the other, suggesting a close interaction between the involved mechanisms.
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Adoption & Fostering - Carer stress in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: the implications of data from the UK national specialist FASD clinic for training carers
Total stress scores among carers of children with FASD were elevated and far exceeded the threshold score on the PSI, suggesting a need for ‘further professional consultation’. Consideration of parental needs and the development of evidenced-based interventions specific for these carers are highlighted as areas for future development.
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EThOS - An insight into the experiences of teachers educating children with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Northern Ireland
This study explored the experiences of teachers who have worked with children and young people diagnosed with FASD in Northern Ireland.
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OpenUCT - Tissue Parameter Mapping in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), which are caused by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), affects people around the world. Certain communities in South Africa have among the highest reported incidences of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in the world.
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APHA's 2020 VIRTUAL Annual Meeting and Expo - Health and human services providers role in preventing fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD)
Results found a variation between studies on the role of age, race, and education level as risks factors for an alcohol exposed pregnancy (AEP).
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UC San Diego - Language and Communication Abilities in Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
The results of this study provide important information regarding the relations between basic language abilities and higher-level communication skills of adolescents with FASD. Interventions targeting working memory, inhibition, and attention may improve language abilities, which in turn may improve communication skills.
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Biology of sex differences - Association between fetal sex and maternal plasma microRNA responses to prenatal alcohol exposure: evidence from a birth outcome-stratified cohort
Most persons with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) remain undiagnosed or are diagnosed in later life. To address the need for earlier diagnosis, we previously assessed miRNAs in the blood plasma of pregnant women who were classified as unexposed to alcohol (UE), heavily exposed with affected infants (HEa), or heavily exposed with apparently unaffected infants (HEua).
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The Atrium - Screening approaches for detecting fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in children, adolescents, and adults: A systematic review
Identification of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) may help facilitate the provision of supports and services for those who need them. Screening has been proposed as an important step in recognizing those at risk of having FASD.
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Journal of Public Health - Changes of drinking behavior in Korean pregnant women for the last 20 year
According to the results of the study in 2017, the rate of pregnant women who drink alcohol after pregnancy was decreased compared to 1997 and 2008. However drinking behavior severity has increased in 2017.
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Early Human Development - Maternal alcohol and drug use during pregnancy affects the motor behaviour and general movements of infants aged 3–4 months
The study describes an abnormal movement character of infants exposed to alcohol and/or addictive drugs in pregnancy when their motor repertoire was assessed at three to four months of age. The AIMS also showed negative effects on their motor behaviour.
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Neuropharmacology - Prenatal alcohol exposure reduces posterior dorsomedial striatum excitability and motivation in a sex- and age-dependent fashion
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE)-induced clinical symptoms have been widely reported but effective treatments are not yet available due to our limited knowledge of the neuronal mechanisms underlying behavioral outputs.
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American Behavioral Scientist - The Complexities of Criminal Responsibility and Persons With Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: How Can Therapeutic Jurisprudence Help?
Using therapeutic jurisprudence as a framework, we examined whether problem-solving courts (e.g., mental health court) could be used to address the needs of a person with IDD and offer a different understanding and potential solution to nonjudicial decision makers that satisfies the principles of both criminal responsibility and public safety.
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Digital Repository - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Placental Insufficiency Results in Reduced Neuronal Complexity in the Rat Prefrontal Cortex
This is the first study to investigate the dendritic complexity following PAE combined with PI within the frontal cortex. Given the importance of this region to executive function, this may provide insight into the long-term deficits that are observed and provide support for interventions.
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Neurobiology of Disease - In utero alcohol exposure exacerbates endothelial protease activity from pial microvessels and impairs GABA interneuron positioning
In utero alcohol exposure can induce severe neurodevelopmental disabilities leading to long-term behavioral deficits. Because alcohol induces brain defects, many studies have focused on nervous cells.
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Current Biology - Spatial Cognition: Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and the Memory Puzzle
A new study shows that moderate prenatal alcohol exposure alters multiple features of hippocampal spatial responses, leading to inflexible and less precise representations of our surroundings.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Associations of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Offspring Harmful Alcohol Use: Findings from the Raine Study
Observed associations for maternal prenatal alcohol exposure but not maternal pre-pregnancy alcohol use suggests a biological mechanism for intrauterine alcohol exposure on the risk of harmful alcohol use in the offspring.
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Revista de la Facultad de Medicina - Characterization of prenatal exposure variables in a group of children aged 0-5 years with congenital heart defect treated in Cali, Colombia
Congenital heart defects (CHD) have an estimated prevalence of 4 to 9 cases per 1 000 births, and they have a significant impact on child morbidity and mortality. This prevalence variability has been attributed to regional differences in terms of genetic and environmental factors, among others.
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Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Cognitions and behaviors related to risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancies among young adult women
This study assessed alcohol and sex-related cognitions and behaviors, including alcohol-related sexual expectancies, descriptive norms, and protective behavioral strategies, associated with women’s risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy.
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Birth Defects Research - Physical activity may be an adjuvant treatment option for substance use disorders during pregnancy: A scoping review
The findings from this review may inform the development of future clinical trials to test the effect of structured exercise programs as an adjunctive treatment option for pregnant women with substance use disorders.
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Journal of Midwifery & Womens Health - Applying Ethical Principles When Discussing Alcohol Use During Pregnancy
Over the past 2 decades, more women in the United States are engaging in excessive alcohol use, including women of reproductive age. Consuming alcohol in amounts greater than recommended limits is associated with an increased risk for adverse health effects, such as breast cancer, hypertension stroke, spontaneous abortion, and infertility.
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IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Wprost.pl (Poland) - 80 proc. Polek spożywa alkohol, a ile proc. pije w ciąży? Szokujące dane
80 proc. Polek spożywa alkohol, a 15 proc. pije również w czasie ciąży, co naraża płód na poważne zaburzenia ujawniające się nawet wiele lat po narodzinach dziecka – wynika z danych przedstawionych w środę, podczas konferencji prasowej online, zorganizowanej z okazji obchodzonego 9 września Światowego Dnia Świadomości FASD.
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Metro (Netherlands) - Mijn ingewikkelde lieve bonuszoon heeft FASD
Wendy Hoekstra heeft deze lezerscolumn geschreven omdat het deze maand de FASD Awareness Month is. „Ik wil dat FASD bekender wordt zodat kinderen (net zoals mijn bonuszoon) en oudere mensen met FASD betere hulp en meer begrip kunnen krijgen.” Ook wil ze duidelijk maken dat er al bij „één glas alcohol drinken hersenbeschadiging kan ontstaan.”
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MDR (Germany) - Alkoholmissbrauch in Schwangerschaft: Keine Entschädigung für Kinder
Kinder haben grundsätzlich keinen Anspruch auf Entschädigung, wenn die Mutter während der Schwangerschaft Alkohol getrunken hat. Der besteht nur bei einem versuchten Schwangerschaftsabbruch, urteilte das Bundessozialgericht.
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Tagmedicina (Italy) - Bere alcol durante la gravidanza può causare problemi al neonato, anche a lungo termine
Nel mondo, circa il 60% delle donne beve alcol durante la gravidanza ed ogni anno nascono circa 120 mila bambini (in Italia quasi 2500) che probabilmente svilupperanno lo spettro dei disordini feto-alcolici (FASD).
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Parlamentni (Czech Republic) - Univerzita Karlova spustila informační kampaň "Stop alkoholu v těhotenství"
V České republice se ročně narodí až 3 000 dětí s příznaky FASD (Fetal alcohol syndrom disorders) v důsledku užívání alkoholu matkami během těhotenství. Univerzita Karlova připravila informační kampaň, která má na tyto problémy upozornit.
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Der Springer Medizin Podcast (Germany) - Was Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft anrichten kann
Kein Alkohol für Schwangere – man sollte meinen, dass das heute eigentlich jede Frau weiß. Trotzdem ist Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft nach wie vor ein Riesenproblem: In Deutschland kommen jedes Jahr mehr als 10.000 Neugeborene mit Alkoholschäden zur Welt. Dr. Reinhold Feldmann, Walstedde, erklärt in dieser Podcast-Episode die Folgen mütterlichen Alkoholkosums und räumt mit einigen Mythen zum Thema auf.
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