Sunday, February 7, 2021

FASD News - 5/2021

ABC News (Australia) - FASD has no cure and is often misdiagnosed, but there is hope and help for those affected
A small number of people affected by FASD have facial features that make them stand out to those who know what to look for. But most sufferers don't look any different from anyone else and, like Jessica, they can go through life not knowing why some things are so much harder for them than others.
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EurekAlert - Pregnant questions
When health researchers ask pregnant women about their alcohol use, expectant women may underreport their drinking, hampering efforts to minimize alcohol use in pregnancy and prevent development of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in children.
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25ABC (USA) - Changing the stigma: Mother shares her story of substance abuse while pregnant
Every year, between 800 and 8,000 babies are born with fetal alcohol syndrome. It's a statistic that is 100% preventable when mothers in need find the right support.
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Yes Health Please - Researchers find a more accurate method to gauge prenatal alcohol use
When health researchers ask pregnant women about their alcohol use, expectant women may underreport their drinking, hampering efforts to minimize alcohol use in pregnancy and prevent development of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) in children.
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FASD Prevention News - Preconception Care to Optimize Health
Harm reduction and health promotion for women and their partners before conception are key to FASD prevention. Providing health information and supports during the preconception period provides an opportunity for men and women to actively plan for a healthy pregnancy and learn strategies such as healthy nutrition, supplementation, and reducing alcohol and other substance use.
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Our Sacred Breath - PARENTING, GROUNDHOG DAY AND FASD
Sharing (with permission) a wonderful piece about parenting a neurodivergent child and Groundhog Day by Lisa MacColl (Motherwell Magazine). While there is no mention of FASD, these are definitely similar experiences to supporting an individual with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder which is why I asked to share.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
FASD Hub Australia - 2018 FASD Clinical Workshop
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FASD Hub Australia - A conversation with Professor Carol Bower: Shining a Light on FASD
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FASD Hub Australia - Assessment & Diagnosis: there's more than the test results
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AllCEUs Counseling Education - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Mental Health and Criminal Justice
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the prevalence of FAS in the general population ranges from 2% to 5% for the entire continuum of FASD.
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Family Futures - Helping Families Heal - FASD with Dr Raja Mukherjee
The fifth video in a series of conversations hosted by a parent who has adopted a child through Family Futures. Here Angela asks Dr Raja Mukherjee, psychiatrist and leading expert on FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) about understanding what FASD is, what to look out for in your child, how to get a diagnosis and support, and how parents can best support children to manage symptoms.
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NTI Upstream - Honestly Adoption Webinar_Educational & Behavioral Interventions for Children & Teens with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
If you have adopted a child whose birth mother used drugs or alcohol during pregnancy, you are struggling daily with efforts to support your child’s schoolwork as well as teaching your child how to behave appropriately.
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Native Wellness Institute - Neuro-trauma: Better Understanding FASD with Jillene Joseph and guests
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 2, Episode 4 - How And When To Talk To Your Child About Their FASD Diagnosis
This week we talk about how and when you might talk to your child or young person about their diagnosis of FASD. We understand that everyone's story is unique so we offer some tips and advice that will help with this vital step in your journey.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Season 2, Episode 5 - Dr Alan Price, The Future of FASD Research
This week we talk to Dr Alan Price about some of his research around FASD and trauma, the prevalence of FASD in the UK and his PHD on FASD and Trauma.
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FASD Success - Tracy Mastrangelo: School Success
One challenge many caregivers have is how to both respond to the struggles their kiddos with FASD have in the school system and how to appropriately work within that system to make change.
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FASD Success - Megan Tucker: FASD and Harm Reduction
Today’s episode comes with a trigger warning. Also, if you play our episodes while your children are in the room, I suggest you wear headphones or listen when alone because we talk openly about challenging behaviours, addictions, mental health, truancy, running away and suicide.
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RESEARCH
Journal of Adolescence - Completed secondary education among youth with prenatal substance exposure: A longitudinal register-based matched cohort study
Inferior educational outcomes may not be directly linked with prenatal substance exposure but may rather reflect the extent of evolving offspring's mental and/or behavioural disorders over time influenced by childhood adversities.
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Volume 86, January 2021, Pages 15-27
Child Psychiatry & Human Development - Psychopharmacological Treatments in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Review
Psychiatric symptoms in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) present with high prevalence and morbidity, often across symptom domains, e.g. ADHD-like symptoms, emotional dysregulation and sleep problems.
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Neuroscience - Differential Cortical Pattern in Auditory Task Oddball Paradigm in Children Exposed to Alcohol during Pregnancy
The negative effects of fetal alcohol exposure on child development are well documented. This study investigated the electrophysiological processing of cortical level acoustic signals in a group of 21 children prenatally exposed to alcohol.
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Brain Sciences - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and the Facial Phenotype in Adolescents: A Study Based on Meconium Ethyl Glucuronide
The present study demonstrates visible effects of the facial phenotype in exposed adolescents. Facial malformation was associated with a child’s cognitive performance in the alcohol-exposed group. The EtG biomarker was a better predictor than maternal self-reports.
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Alterations in Insulin Levels in Adults with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
The bidirectional effects on insulin level and insulin resistance associated with PAE may indicate differential rates of diabetes disease impact or differential PAE impact in the brain and peripheral areas involved in insulin production and signaling. These alterations may contribute to their metabolic disease risk.
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Psychoneuroendocrinology - Altered social recognition memory and hypothalamic neuropeptide expression in adolescent male and female rats following prenatal alcohol exposure and/or early-life adversity
Taken together, our data provide novel insight into how the early postnatal environment may mediate outcomes of PAE as well as the power of animal models to interrogate the relationship between these pre- and postnatal insults.
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Anesthesia & Analgesia - Prenatal Exposure to General Anesthesia and Childhood Behavioral Deficit
Prenatal exposure to general anesthetics is associated with increased externalizing behavioral problems in childhood. However, given the limitations of this study and that avoiding necessary surgery during pregnancy can have significant detrimental effects on the mother and the child, further studies are needed before changes to clinical practice are made.
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Journal of Women's Health - Pathways from Maternal Adverse Childhood Experiences to Substance Use in Pregnancy: Findings from the All Our Families Cohort
Exposure to adversity in childhood can lead to socioeconomic and mental health difficulties that increase risk for substance use in pregnancy. Addressing these difficulties before pregnancy may help to reduce the potential for substance use in pregnancy.
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American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology - 216 Substance use during pregnancy and postpartum among women with perinatally-acquired HIV
Substance use during and after pregnancy may be a critical determinant of health for women living with HIV (WLHIV), but little is known about substance use patterns among pregnant and postpartum women living with perinatally-acquired HIV (WLPHIV).
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Family Resilience and Recovery from Opioids and Other Addictions - Barriers to Care for Pregnant Women Seeking Substance Use Disorder Treatment
The number of pregnant women who are using opioids during pregnancy and the number of pregnant women seeking treatment for opioid use disorder during pregnancy have increased dramatically in the past decade.
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Int J Environ Res Public Health - Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) among Children Adopted from Eastern European Countries: Russia and Ukraine
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disorders. Children adopted internationally from countries where alcohol consumption during pregnancy is very high are at greater risk for FASD.
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International Journal of Epidemiology - Evidence of detrimental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on offspring birthweight and neurodevelopment from a systematic review of quasi-experimental studies
Systematic reviews of prenatal alcohol exposure effects generally only include conventional observational studies. However, estimates from such studies are prone to confounding and other biases.
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Alcoholism - Validity and Reliability of Executive Function Measures in Children with Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: Correspondence Between Multiple Raters and Laboratory Measures
Findings from this study indicate that behavior ratings can be used to supplement laboratory measures but may not be measuring cognitive abilities regardless of whether a clinical diagnosis is present.
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Affilia - The Shame of Drinking Alcohol While Pregnant: The Production of Avoidance and Ill-Health
In this article, we examine the operation of shame in the alcohol use habits of pregnant women and the responses of their families and associated institutions. Using a narrative–discursive approach, we interviewed 13 women, living in a low-resource setting in South Africa, who had consumed alcohol while pregnant.
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Alcoholism - Estimated Prevalence of Harmful Alcohol Consumption in Pregnant and Non‐pregnant Women in Saxony‐Anhalt (North‐East Germany) Using Biomarkers
Estimated prevalence rates differ greatly with respect to the biomarkers and cut‐offs used. The isolated measurement of CDT/%CDT might result in an overestimation of harmful alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
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