Sunday, November 1, 2015

FASD News - 43/2015

MedPage Today - AAP: Any Alcohol Exposure in Pregnancy Is Risky for Baby
Because children exposed to any amount of alcohol during pregnancy are at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), the American Academy of Pediatrics reaffirmed its recommendation that no amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy. (Canada) - Campaigns hopes to lower FASD
A new campaign was launched in Edmonton today, aimed at helping expectant mothers stop drinking alcohol during pregnancy. The creators say “Here for Her” is a non-judgmental way of convincing pregnant women not to endanger their babies.
ABC Online (Australia) - Screening for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder could impact level of youth crime, experts say
Screening juveniles for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) could help break the cycle of youth crime, leading paediatricians and youth justice workers say.
The Australian (Australia) - Alcohol-damaged kids with FASD winding up in prison
Ask teachers at Perth’s juvenile jail how many of their students display the telltale signs of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and they invariably say: “Most of them.”
The Manitoban (Canada) - Mentorship Program Helps At-Risk Pregnant Women, Report Finds
The Manitoba Centre for Health Policy at the University of Manitoba recently released an analysis of the InSight Mentoring Program, a provincial program intended to help prevent the development of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).
eNewsChannels (USA) - Helping families facing FASD and RAD, Ranch for Kids awarded re-licensure by State of Montana
The Ranch for Kids, a therapeutic program bringing hope and healing to families facing FASD and RAD, announced today that it is again fully licensed by the State of Montana. News - When Pregnant Women Drink, Their Babies Do Too
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a press release recently that one in 10 pregnant women reported drinking alcohol in the past 30 days. (USA) - Fetal alcohol syndrome should be considered in death penalty case
Ernest Johnson is scheduled to die by lethal injection on Nov. 3, but has documented intellectual disability (IQ of 67) and fetal alcohol syndrome. The death penalty in this case is prohibited by the Eighth Amendment of the Constitution and upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in Atkins v. Virginia 536 U.S. 304 (2002).
University of Texas at Austin News (USA) - NIH Grant Seeks Early Intervention to Prevent Fetal Exposure to Alcohol, Marijuana, and Tobacco
A $2 million grant from the National Institutes of Health will help researchers at The University of Texas at Austin’s School of Social Work test a health intervention to reduce fetal exposure to alcohol, marijuana and tobacco during early pregnancy.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - No alcohol is best for mums-to-be
That is the latest warning from two eminent medics, echoing advice from the Department of Health here.
NPR - Why Do People Get So Bent Out Of Shape About Drinking While Pregnant?Women shouldn't drink when they're pregnant — absolutely no alcohol at all, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics. But it's been getting a lot of pushback about that edict.

CPI - How to Help Someone Who Has a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Because of the nature of their disability, individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) have very specific needs. CPI’s Nonviolent Crisis Intervention® training program is relevant for those supporting individuals with FASD, and there are specific considerations and possible adaptations for making your training as applicable as possible to this very unique group. - The debate is over! How much alcohol can women really drink while pregnant?
If your doctor has ever told you that small amounts of alcohol are safe to drink during pregnancy, a new report is proving them wrong.

Neuroscience - Prenatal exposure to ethanol stimulates hypothalamic CCR2 chemokine receptor system: possible relation to increased density of orexigenic peptide neurons and ethanol drinking in adolescent offspring
Clinical and animal studies indicate that maternal consumption of ethanol during pregnancy increases alcohol drinking in the offspring. Possible underlying mechanisms may involve orexigenic peptides, which are stimulated by prenatal ethanol exposure and themselves promote drinking.
Neuroscience - Prenatal alcohol exposure and prenatal stress differentially alter glucocorticoid signaling in the placenta and fetal brain
Adverse intrauterine environments increase vulnerability to chronic diseases across the lifespan. The hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis, which integrates multiple neuronal signals and ultimately controls the response to stressors, may provide a final common pathway linking early adversity and adult diseases.
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - Prenatal alcohol exposure: an assessment strategy for the legal context
Studies over the last two decades have shown that people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) have the kind of brain damage that increases risk of criminal behavior.
Neural Regeneration Research - Neurotoxicity of prenatal alcohol exposure on medullary pre-Bötzinger complex neurons in neonatal rats
Prenatal alcohol exposure disrupts the development of normal fetal respiratory function, but whether it perturbs respiratory rhythmical discharge activity is unclear.
Medical Hypotheses - Could a first-trimester blood phosphatidylethanol concentration >/= 4nM be useful to identify women with moderate-to-heavy prenatal alcohol exposure who are at high risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes?
It is accepted that blood phosphatidylethanol (PEth) concentrations are reliable biomarkers of ethanol (alcohol) exposure. We therefore conducted a preliminary study to test the hypothesis that elevated blood PEth concentrations can help to identifying women with prenatal alcohol exposure who are at higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes.
Pediatrics - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Prenatal exposure to alcohol can damage the developing fetus and is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and intellectual and neurodevelopmental disabilities. In 1973, fetal alcohol syndrome was first described as a specific cluster of birth defects resulting from alcohol exposure in utero.
Alcohol and Alcoholism - The economic burden of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Canada in 2013
FASD is a significant public health and social problem that consumes resources, both economic and societal, in Canada. Many of the costs could be reduced with the implementation of effective social policies and intervention programs.
Pharmacological Research - Epigenetic mechanisms: a possible link between autism spectrum disorders and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
The etiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) still remains unclear and seems to involve a considerable overlap between polygenic, epigenetic and environmental factors.
Applied Neuropsychology: Child - Cognitive and adaptive skill profile differences in children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder with and without comorbid fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) often present with comorbid attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), which can complicate diagnosis and treatment planning.
BMC Health Services Research - Integrating care for individuals with FASD: results from a multi-stakeholder symposium
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) has a significant impact on communities and systems such as health, education, justice and social services. FASD is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that results in permanent disabilities and associated service needs that change across affected individuals' lifespans.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES (Netherland) - 'Eén glaasje heeft al effect op kind'
Uit nieuw onderzoek van de American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) blijkt dat als er gedronken wordt in het eerste semester er 12 keer zoveel kans is op Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) waardoor kinderen risico lopen op leer- en ontwikkelingsachterstanden.
Brasil Post (Brasil) - Gestantes não devem beber uma só gota de álcool -- e em qualquer fase da gravidez
Não há quantidade de álcool segura a ser consumida durante a gravidez. Essa é a nova recomendação da Academia Americana de Pediatria, baseada em estudo publicado no periódico científico Pediatrics.
BimbiSaniBelli (Italy) - L’alcol in gravidanza è un rischio per lo sviluppo del feto
L’alcol è una sostanza tossica in grado di oltrepassare la placenta e raggiungere il feto alle stesse concentrazioni con cui è stato assunto dalla madre, mettendone in pericolo lo sviluppo

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