Sunday, May 12, 2019

FASD News - 19/2019


National Post - Canadian study identifies five most vulnerable groups for FASD
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is substantially more prevalent for people in five vulnerable groups including children in care, Indigenous populations and people in prison, according to a global study by Canadian researchers.
Nunatsiaq News (Canada) - Yes, it’s possible to screen for FASD, experts say
An unknown number of Nunavut residents with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, or FASD, are being denied the help they need, because territorial agencies do little screening or diagnosis and because no one has ever tried to pull together information that already exists on the disability’s prevalence.
Wadena Pioneer Journal - Fetal alcohol syndrome is 100% preventable
Are you between the ages of 18-35? Are you thinking about becoming pregnant? Even if you aren't planning on becoming pregnant, did you know 50% of pregnancies are unplanned? That means 50% of women who are pregnant were not expecting to be pregnant and may use alcohol in the early, most critical stage of a baby's development.
Daily Pioneer - No amount of alcohol safe during pregnancy: Study
Teenagers who are exposed to alcohol while in the womb exhibit altered brain connections consistent with impaired cognitive performance, according to a study.
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - The campaigning family with a personal interest in foetal alcohol syndrome
Maryelen and her husband Billy have six kids . . . three birth children and three they lovingly adopted. The birth mother’s heavy drinking during pregnancy left the three adoptive kids with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Brinkwire - Not even one glass of wine a week is safe during pregnancy, study finds
No amount of alcohol is safe for women to drink while they’re pregnant, according to research. Drinking can harm the development of a baby’s brain in any quantity or at any stage during pregnancy, scientists found.
Microbioz India - Lifestyle factors affecting on reproductive function in male and female – A Complete Review
Infertility is a worldwide issue affecting 15-18% of couples globally, amounting more than 45 million couples. In the era of increasing awareness, many things are changing and already changed.
CanFASD Blog (Canada) - Guest blog: Thoughts on the FASD International Conference- Shelley More
I had the great fortune to attend 3 days of the International FASD Conference, Vancouver at the beginning of March thanks to the generous sponsorship of CanFASD.
CAMH - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder prevalence up to 40 times higher in some subpopulations worldwide
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) affects people from all racial, ethnic and sociological backgrounds. However a major new review of the world literature has found that FASD is 10 to 40 times higher in certain groups than the general population according to a study published by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in the journal Addiction.
HNGN - Understanding The Tragedy of Brain Damage at Birth
As citizens, we are accorded with rights to enable our mental and physical well-being. But there are thousands of unborn children who don't have such rights because they suffer at the hands of expectant mothers who risk their lives and well-being, by consuming alcohol and drugs through their pregnancies.
Change.org (Canada) - Parents of Children with FASD need support, access to services and funding.
FASD can be likened to having a child with Alzheimers. What they learn today, they may not even remember tomorrow.
Winnipeg Sun (Canada) - How these Winnipeg classrooms are rethinking lessons for kids with FASD
‘They’re just kids that are coming to school. They just want to be accepted and be successful.’
NOFASD Australia (Australia) - GOING FOR COFFEE: AN OBSTACLE COURSE OF STIMULUS
Picture an air filter. What does it do? It stops all the dust and bits from entering your home and filling your house and body with all sorts of things they don’t really need. I liken this to what happens when I get what always feels like an attack – an overload of sensory stimuli. My filter does not work like everyone else’s – like yours does, not unless you also have FASD.
Alomogordo Daily News - Criminalizing disability: Special needs kids who don’t get help in school are ending up in jail
It was right after the fifth-period bell last October that Sebastian Montano lay face down in the grass outside Alamogordo High School, screaming for his mother, as two police officers pinned him to the ground and thrust a Taser in his back.
AdoptionUK (UK) - FASD sufferers 'failed by clinicians' report finds
Sufferers of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are being failed by clinicians according to a new report published today.

UPCOMING
CoramBAAF (UK) - Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): what works for children? ONE DAY CONFERENCE (23 May 2019, London)
This conference provides an important opportunity to look at ‘what works’ for children with FASD. It aims to bring together people who are actively involved in parenting, caring for, and working with children with FASD to explore how they might best help families to successfully manage the disorder, meet the needs of affected children and support them to reach their full potential.
Graf Recke Stiftung (Germany) - Fetale Alkoholspektrum-Störung (FASD) (10.10.2019)
Dass Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft schädlich ist, ist bekannt. Dass Behinderungen, die daraus entstehen können, unter dem Terminus Fetale Alkoholspektrum-Störung (FASD) gefasst werden und Kinder nicht aus ihnen »herausgefördert« werden können, ist noch deutlich zu wenig bekannt.
NTIUPSTREAM - 2019 Webinar 2: Developing a Prenatal SBIRT System – An Ethical Approach to Prevention and Intervention - Live Webinar (May 14, 2019)
Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a proven strategy for improving pregnancy outcomes for women who are using a variety of substances.

VIDEOS and RESOURCES
fasd.org.pl (Poland) - Foundation Family fom A to Z
the Foundation works for FASD to Poland. We have working scientifically and clinically for children with FASD for many years.In Poland there is no systemic help for children, so after many years I decided to set up the 'Family from A to Z Foundation' that would work for children with FASD living in adoptive and foster families. The Foundation is active since 2017, and its work is backed up by clinical research made by prof. A. Urbanik and Teresa Jadczak-Szumiło PhD.
and
Bridgeway Family Homes - FASD Treatment Homes
Bridgeway In-Service Training with Amanda Rawn-Alton.
NOFAS-UK - My Brain, Me And FASD
A resource to help young people understand their FASD and emphasises coping strategies.
Obstetrics and gynecology guidelines - Fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol in pregnancy
CDC (USA) – Vital Signs: Pregnancy-related deaths
Every pregnancy-related death is tragic, especially because about 60% are preventable. Still, about 700 women die each year from complications of pregnancy. A pregnancy-related death can happen during pregnancy, at delivery, and even up to a year afterward (postpartum).
CDC - An Alcohol-free pregnAncy is the best choice for your bAby.
The organizations and resources below can provide you with more information on FASDs, drinking and pregnancy, and how to get help if you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant and cannot stop drinking.
Red Shoes Rock - 2019 Red Shoes Rock Kick Off
Looking to find the 2019 Artwork for your Red Shoe Rock Events and Swag – We can’t wait to see what you do with these – HAVE FUN if you need the original artwork for translation work email info@redshoesrock.com and we will help you.

RESEARCH
Addiction - Prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among special subpopulations: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
Global subpopulations of children in care, correctional, special education, specialized clinical and Aboriginal populations have a significantly higher prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder compared with the general population, which poses a substantial global health problem.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Collaborative Action on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention: Principles for Enacting the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Call to Action #33
The consensus statement provides guidance for developing community- and culture-led FASD prevention programs and highlights the importance of Indigenous knowledge systems in developing and researching FASD prevention in, and with, Indigenous communities.
Contemporary Justice Review - Aboriginal youth with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and enmeshment in the Australian justice system: can an intercultural form of restorative justice make a difference?
Aboriginal youth with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are overrepresented in the justice system. FASD results from prenatal alcohol exposure, and may lead to cognitive, social and behavioural difficulties that increase susceptibility to contact with the justice system.
Dartmouth College - Radial Migration and Pyramidal Neuron Form and Function in the Somatosensory Cortex of a Mouse Model of FASD
INSTITUTE OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES - Roles of very long chain fatty acids in pathophysiology of FASD
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are caused by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). These children suffer from life-long learning and intellectual disabilities, and other behavioral deficits.
Simon Fraser University - An Evaluation of the Predictive Validity of the SAVRY and YLS/CMI in Justice-Involved Youth with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Despite the high prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in youth criminal justice settings, there is currently no research supporting the use of violence risk assessment tools in this population.
Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Nurses and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Prevention
This toolkit was designed for nurses to facilitate the recognition and prevention of FASD and address gaps that exists around alcohol use.
Health Research Policy and Systems - To what extent is Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder considered in policy-related documents in South Africa? A document review
Although this study revealed the existence of targeted and generic clauses that could be attributed to the prevention and management of FASD, the sustained high prevalence of FASD in South Africa, as reported in the literature, calls for more holistic and comprehensive approaches to tackle the FASD problem in South Africa.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - Listening Difficulties in Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: More Than a Problem of Audibility
Children with FAS but not other FASDs may be at a particular risk for hearing loss. However, listening difficulties in the absence of hearing loss—presumably related to suprathreshold processing deficits—are prevalent across the entire fetal alcohol spectrum.
Birth defects research - Oxidative stress and DNA damage in the mechanism of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
This review covers molecular mechanisms involving oxidative stress and DNA damage that may contribute to morphological and functional developmental disorders in animal models resulting from exposure to alcohol (ethanol, EtOH) in utero or in embryo culture.
Clinical Archives of Communication Disorders - Articulation in children with fetal alcohol syndrome
Results suggest specific oral motor deficits contribute at least as much to communication disorder in young FAS speakers as possible phonetic-linguistic deficits.
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - Glucocorticoid programming mechanism for hypercholesterolemia in prenatal ethanol-exposed adult offspring rats
Our previous studies showed that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) elevated blood total cholesterol (TCH) level in adult offspring rats. This study was aimed at elucidating the intrauterine programming mechanism of hypercholesterolemia in adult rats induced by PEE.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Fetal Cerebral Artery Mitochondrion as Target of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Prenatal alcohol exposure results in an array of developmental abnormalities known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Despite the high prevalence of FASDs, therapeutic interventions against accidental or intended exposure of developing fetuses to alcohol are limited.
Universite de Rennes - Environmental exposure during pregnancy. Views and attitudes of general practitioners
The exposure of pregnant women to toxic environmental agents can lead to serious damage to the woman as well as to the unborn child; this deserves particular attention from primary health care services.
Neuropeptides - Decreased behavioural and neurochemical effects of angiotensin IV following prenatal alcohol exposure in the mouse
This study aimed to explore a possible mechanism underlying the sex differences and the effects of PAE in male mice.
Preventive Medicine - Risk factors for alcohol use among pregnant women, ages 15–44, in the United States, 2002 to 2017
To prevent severe prenatal harm, health care providers should focus on women at higher risk for binge drinking during pregnancy: women with tobacco or drug use, alcohol use disorder, or depression, and women who are unmarried, Black, or of lower socioeconomic status.
Journal of Addiction Medicine - The Association Between Antenatal Maternal Self-reported Substance Use, Maternal Characteristics, and Obstetrical Variables
Substance use disorders during pregnancy are an often underestimated cause of maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. Limited studies have examined the relationship between maternal characteristics and associated illicit or nonillicit drug use.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Nauka W Polsce (Poland) - W ciąży nie ma bezpiecznej ilości alkoholu
Dzieci, których matki spożywały alkohol w czasie ciąży, mają zaburzone działanie połączeń w mózgu. Naukowcy twierdzą, że dla płodu nie istnieje ani bezpieczny okres, w którym można pić, ani bezpieczna ilość etanolu.
Blogosfere (Italy) - Alcol in gravidanza: nessuna quantità è sicura
Durante la gravidanza, non esiste una quantità di alcol sicura da assumere. Questo è ciò che emerge da un nuovo studio pubblicato sulla rivista Chaos, dell’American Institute of Physics, i cui autori hanno scoperto che gli adolescenti che erano stati esposti all'alcol mentre erano nell'utero mostravano connessioni cerebrali alterate, associabili a una compromissione delle prestazioni cognitive.
El Medico Interactivo (Spain) - No hay cantidad segura de alcohol durante el embarazo
Las personas que estuvieron expuestos al alcohol en el útero fueron más propensos a tener problemas con las conexiones a través de su cuerpo calloso

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