Sunday, August 12, 2018

FASD News - 32/2018

PhillyVoice.com (France) - French winemakers are not pleased with new warning labels
The French may love their wine, but the government is cracking down – and French winemakers are not happy. Health Minister of France Agnès Buzyn wants to implement a larger warning label on wine bottles and wine producers don't understand the need for it.
ABC Local (Australia) - New tool to help screen for Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Diagnosing brain impairments caused by alcohol consumption during pregnancy remains a challenge in Australia, but new eye-tracking technology could help change that.
Newshub (New Zealand) - 772 NZ babies born affected by drugs, alcohol, prescription medicine in past five years
Hundreds of Kiwi babies have been born recently affected by drugs, alcohol, or prescription medicine - causing serious damage to their health.
AAP News - Maternal Alcohol Use During Lactation and Child Development
Gibson and Porter1 are commended for providing information on a difficult-to-research and poorly understood topic: longitudinal child developmental effects of maternal substance use via breast milk.
Washington Post - Environmental toxins are seen as posing risks during pregnancy
Leading up to and during pregnancy, women are told to avoid alcohol and cigarettes, to make sure they get enough folate and omega-3 fatty acids, and to get adequate sleep and exercise.
Forensic Scholars Today - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and Problem Fragmentation (Opinion Piece)
As a social problem and a consequence of the plethora of alcohol caused harms, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is characterised by complexity, ambiguity, and a lack of agreement on definition and solutions.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
CanFASD - Why FASD Research Matters to Caregivers
Why FASD Research Matters to Caregivers - a conversation with the CanFASD Family Advisory Committee.
Psychlopaedia.org - 20 myths about fetal alcohol spectrum disorder debunked
Awareness of FASD is on the rise, but many parents and health professionals are yet to recognise the symptoms of the disorder, or the scale of the problem. Children from all backgrounds are affected, making this a hidden epidemic behind many behavioural and learning issues.
Northwest Strategies - What is FASD

RESEARCH
British Journal of Occupational Therapy - Elements for developing community-based interventions for adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A scoping review
Current literature about interventions for adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is limited, which is a concern, due to the high prevalence of FASD.
Alcoholism: Clinical and experimental research - Mapping the spectrum of prenatal alcohol effects with dense surface models of the face and brain
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) refers to the spectrum of teratogenic effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) represents the extreme end of the spectrum and comprises somatic and neural growth deficiency, neurobehavioral impairment and a distinctive facial appearance (Hoyme et al., 2016).
core.ac.uk - Evaluation of a Retrospective Diary for peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy drinking in Scotland: a cross-sectional study
Women reported higher consumption levels when completing the Retrospective Diary, especially regarding peri-conceptual ‘binge’ drinking.
Loyola University Chicago - Mechanisms and Consequences of Epigenetic Inheritance Following Parental Preconception Alcohol Exposure
Recent advances in genomics research have revealed that preconception behaviors and experiences of mothers and fathers, including diet, environmental toxicants, and drug abuse, can impact future offspring through epigenetic mechanisms.
Development and Psychopathology - Testing the programming of temperament and psychopathology in two independent samples of children with prenatal substance exposure
Prenatal programming models have rarely been applied to research on children with prenatal substance exposure, despite evidence suggesting that prenatal drug exposure is a form of stress that impacts neurodevelopmental outcomes and risk for psychopathology.
Development and Psychopathology - Atypical fetal development: Fetal alcohol syndrome, nutritional deprivation, teratogens, and risk for neurodevelopmental disorders and psychopathology
Accumulating evidence indicates that the fetal environment plays an important role in brain development and sets the brain on a trajectory across the life span.
Behavioural brain Research - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Increases Risk of Psychostimulant Addiction
Prenatal ethanol exposure (PE) causes many cognitive and behavioral deficits including increased drug addiction risk, demonstrated by enhanced ethanol intake and behavioral phenotypes associated with addiction risk.
PloS one - Retinal Wnt signaling defect in a zebrafish fetal alcohol spectrum disorder model
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder caused by prenatal alcohol exposure includes ocular abnormalities (microphthalmia, photoreceptor dysfunction, cataracts).
Experimental eye research - Retinal structure and function in monkeys with fetal alcohol exposure
Exposure to ethanol in utero leads to several brain development disorders including retinal abnormalities whose underlying cellular pathogenesis remains elusive.
The New Zealand Medical Journal - Alcohol consumption in New Zealand women before and during pregnancy: findings from the Growing Up in New Zealand study
Drinking is common in New Zealand women before pregnancy, particularly among European and Māori women. Some women consume small amounts of alcohol and some engage in heavy drinking in pregnancy.
University of the Witwatersrand - Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on 3-week-old Sprague-Dawley rat proximal tibia: an immunohistochemical and three-dimensional micro computed tomography X-Ray investigation
Intrauterine alcohol exposure is detrimental to fetal and postnatal development. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe effect of prenatal alcohol exposure.
Am Acad Pediatrics - Drinking or Smoking While Breastfeeding and Later Cognition in Children
Exposing infants to alcohol through breastmilk may cause dose-dependent reductions in their cognitive abilities. This reduction was observed at age 6 to 7 years but was not sustained at age 10 to 11 years.
Am Acad Pediatrics - Maternal Alcohol Use During Lactation and Child Development
Gibson and Porter1 are commended for providing information on a difficult-to-research and poorly understood topic: longitudinal child developmental effects of maternal substance use via breast milk.
HeinOnline - The Right to Health of the Child in Prenatal Stage

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Corriere della Sera (Italy) - Bere alcol in allattamento riduce le capacità cognitive fino ai 6 anni del bimbo
I danni sul feto dovuti all’assunzione di alcol in gravidanza sono noti da tempo. Ora emerge che i bambini allattati al seno da madri che bevono alcol hanno capacità cognitive ridotte. Lo ha evidenziato una nuova ricerca appena pubblicata sulla rivista Pediatrics.
Sveriges Television (Sweden) - Här dricker flest kvinnor alkohol under graviditeten
FAS eller fetalt alkoholsyndrom är en medicinsk diagnos på alkoholrelaterade fosterskador som ger livslånga och varierande funktionsnedsättningar hos barnet. I Sverige diagnostiseras årligen mellan 100 och 200 barn med FAS.

Wednesday, August 8, 2018

Guest interview: Phil Cain, author of “Alcohol Companion”

Phil Cain has a background in mathematics and journalism. He has been a correspondent for Southeast Europe and was a founder of VoxPolitics, which charted the use of the internet in democracy. In 2016 he published Alcohol Companion, a groundbreaking science-based account of alcohol for professionals and general readers. It is supported by a readers’ newsletter and discussion group.

Let´s start with the media. What is your view on how impartial and objective media is when it reports on alcohol and especially alcohol policies? Alcohol advertising ban is one of the WHO´s alcohol policy "best-buys" and at the same time, alcohol advertising is a huge income source for media.
Alcohol advertising helps pay a substantial percentage of the cost of our media, while also perpetuating unhelpful myths and misunderstandings about the product. Alcohol advertising must also increase overall demand for alcohol, despite claims to the contrary. The burden of proof should lie with those who suggest otherwise, given advertising’s effect in every other sphere it is practised. Clearly, this economic plumbing and cultural wallpaper does not improve the way alcohol is treated in journalism and drama, and other content. In English-speaking media, at least, alcohol is often treated as a lighthearted topic, despite often having a serious impact on our mental and physical health and wellbeing. That should change, although it will be difficult. That said, we should not let these structural and cultural biases distract us from another problem: Alcohol is, like it or not, an incredibly complicated topic to cover. It is by far the most difficult topic I have ever covered. This is why I felt I had to start with a deep and thorough investigation, my book, Alcohol Companion. I still draw heavily on it in my ongoing coverage and commentary. We cannot reasonably expect every journalist to undergo such an initiation.

Alcohol News - 32/2018

Metro - Scientists explain why alcohol gives you the ‘drunchies’ and makes you eat rubbish food
Craving a kebab, pizza or greasy burger on the way home from the pub is all down to sugar levels in the blood, according to new research.
Psychology Today - Can Aggression Lead You to Drink More Alcohol?
It’s a well-established fact that drinking alcohol makes people more aggressive. For instance, 19 out of 20 acts of violence on a college campus involve alcohol consumption.
Forbes - Does Drinking Alcohol Really Protect Against Dementia? Not So Fast.
The alcohol research has been a bit maddening in recent years—one study seems to tell us that moderate drinking is beneficial for health, and the next that it will kill us. A new study making the rounds appears to suggest that both heavy drinking and abstinence are linked to dementia over the years, while moderate drinking is linked to reduced risk.
Specialty Pharmacy Times - Hepatitis C Worsens Outcomes in Patients Who Abuse Alcohol
The interaction between alcohol abuse and hepatitis C virus (HCV) can compromise overall survival outcomes, according to a study published in Clinical Epidemiology.
EURACTIV (EU) - MEPs ask Commission to reject industry’s alcohol labelling proposal
A group of MEPs has called on the European Commission to turn down an industry proposal on alcohol labelling, claiming that alcoholic beverages should no longer enjoy a preferential regime compared to other foodstuffs.
The Conversation AU - Drink, drank, drunk: what happens when we drink alcohol in four short videos
Alcohol is a depressant, a diuretic, and a disinfectant. These generally aren’t pleasant attributes, but people have been drinking alcohol for thousands of years – some of the earliest written texts mention or contain recipes for beer, and pottery shards from China show people may have been making alcohol as far back as 7,000BCE.
Science Daily - Alcohol increases tuberculosis-related deaths in young mice
Alcohol increases the mortality of young but not old mice infected with the tuberculosis-causing bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and this effect is mediated by the production of a protein called interferon-alpha.
Belfast Telegraph (Northern Ireland) - Minimum pricing on alcohol could be a healthy move for Northern Ireland
In May Scotland introduced a legal minimum price for alcohol of 50p per unit. That implied a major escalation in the prices of what had previously been some of the cheapest drinks: a £1.99 bottle of cider rose to £5.
ERR News (Estonia) - Survey: Over half of Estonians favour lowering alcohol excise duty
According to the results of a recent survey commissioned by daily Postimees and conducted by Kantar Emor, more than half of Estonians are in favour of lowering the alcohol excise duty in Estonia.
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - Alcohol charities call for more action to tackle alcoholism across Monklands
Alcohol charities supporting people across Airdrie and Coatbridge have called for further action to tackle alcoholism in Monklands.
The Canberra Times (Australia) - Middle-aged drinking among Canberrans at sobering levels
When they aren’t opining about roundabouts, politicians and quiet streets, outsiders often form the view that Canberra is, for better or for worse, an overwhelmingly healthy place. There’s clean air, top-notch drinking water and a big lake around which the city’s many exercise junkies may jog or cycle on those crystal clear mornings.
Stanthorpe Border Post (Australia) - Alarming truths found in drug and alcohol report
CHILDREN as young as 12 years old are accessing everything from ice and prescription pills to alcohol on the Granite Belt, a new report has found.
Russia Beyond (Russia) - No more vodka for young Russians
Russians are gradually losing one of their most famous characteristics: They’ve stopped drinking! Vodka and the average Russian used to be the closest of friends, but in recent years they’ve gone different ways.

Wednesday, August 1, 2018

Alcohol News - 31/2018

CNN - Alcohol in breast milk may lead to lower cognition in kids, study finds
Children's exposure to alcohol through breast milk may cause a comparable drop in their cognitive abilities, according to a study published Monday in the journal Pediatrics.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Alcohol brands should be banned from sponsoring sports, researchers say
Researchers say alcohol brands should be banned from sponsoring sports due to the damaging impacts it has on children.
NEWS.com.au (Australia) - New ID scanner could make it a lot harder to buy alcohol
A PROPOSAL by the Western Australian government could make it a lot harder for some Aussies to buy alcohol with the introduction of an ID scanner in bottle shops.
Economic Times - Say no to alcohol, exercise regularly to reduce risk of cancer
A healthy diet and physical activities with no alcohol consumption can help in reducing overall cancer risk besides also lowering breast, prostate and colorectal cancer risks.
Newshub (New Zealand) - Kiwi kids exposed to alcohol ads over four times a day – study
The study by University of Otago and University of Auckland found children were exposed to ads in the home, licensed outlets and sports venues.
Medical News Bulletin - Can your alcohol consumption put you at risk for a heart attack?
A recent study in PLOS Medicine explored the controversial issue of the relationship between alcohol and the incidence rate of heart attacks.
Deutsche Welle (Germany) - Alcohol and the unforgiving liver
Small amounts of alcoholic beverages now and then can be broken down by the liver. However, long-term, too much alcohol damages not only the liver, but also the brain.
Novinite.com (Bulgaria) - Bulgaria in the Top Six in the World When it Comes to Alcohol Consumption
"Capital" reports that, according to the International Organization of Wine and Spirits Record (IWSR), Bulgaria is among the top six in the world for consumption of spirits per capita, as the statistics also include domestic production.
TTG - Travel backs ‘One Too Many’ responsible alcohol campaign
Airports, airlines and tour operators have teamed up to call with one voice for a clampdown on excessive pre-flight drinking.
BBC News (UK) - Every university 'needs' Alcoholics Anonymous meetings
Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings should take place in universities across the UK, student leaders have said.
DesMoinesRegister.com (USA) - Drunk drivers: Iowa is going to start asking where you had your last drink
Officials with the Iowa agency that approves liquor licenses are pairing up with a national organization to track where intoxicated drivers were last served or provided alcoholic beverages.
Read more
VietNamNet Bridge (Vietnam) - Alcohol-related harm equivalent to 1.3-3.3% of GDP
The cost of the harm done to society by alcohol consumption in Vietnam is valued at 1.3-3.3% of the nation’s gross domestic product (GDP), the World Health Organization (WHO) reported at a recent group meeting of the Ministry of Health in Hanoi.
Scoop.co.nz (New Zealand) - Time for Government action on reducing alcohol-related harm
University of Otago experts in addiction medicine and the health effects of alcohol are questioning what the barriers are to Government action on reducing alcohol-related harm and calling for change.
AllAfrica.com - Botswana: Alcohol Intake Declines
The Alcohol Levy has resulted in a decrease in alcohol consumption in Botswana to around seven litres of pure alcohol per capita in 2011/12 from eight litres in 2008.
The Sun - ‘It’s time for a ban on airport drinking’ – warns booze and violence expert
University professor Simon C Moore has argued that the comfort of all passengers outweighs the desires of a minority who want to “start their holiday early”.

Sunday, July 29, 2018

FASD News - 30/2018

CBC.ca (Canada) - More supports needed for people with FASD, say advocates
People diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) need lifelong supports, but the disorder is often misunderstood, say advocates.
PBS NewsHour - Fetal alcohol disorders are more common than you think
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a possible result from mothers drinking during pregnancy, has flown under the radar for decades. Now new conservative estimates published in The Journal of the American Medical Association show that anywhere from 1.1 to 5 percent of the U.S. population is affected, meaning it could be more common than autism.
PBS NewsHour - The story about drinking while pregnant that got our newsroom talking
On tonight’s PBS NewsHour, National Correspondent Amna Nawaz reports from Minnesota on a subject often referred to as the “invisible disability:” Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, or FASD, which can occur when a mother drinks during pregnancy.
PBS NewsHour - Why do pregnant women get confusing guidance about alcohol?
How much alcohol can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, a difficult to diagnose condition, sometimes called an "invisible disability"? Doctors don't know. While official guidelines say no amount of alcohol is safe to drink during pregnancy, women often receive mixed signals, even from their own physicians.
SDSU Newscenter (USA) - Professor Honored for Work on Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
SDSU neuropsychologist Sarah Mattson explores the cognitive and behavioral effects of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Man who died in Edmonton Remand Centre had FASD, should not have been in jail, says mother
Sylvie Salomon's desperate search for her son ended with a phone call Friday morning, informing her that Maxim Baril-Blouin had died in the Edmonton Remand Centre.
Newshub (New Zealand) - Many Kiwi mums-to-be don't stop drinking – study
Nearly a quarter of Kiwi mothers continue to drink alcohol when they're pregnant, a new study has found.
Virtual-Strategy Magazine - Alcohol and Pregnancy a Toxic Cocktail to Swallow
Despite ongoing debate among physicians and scientists about whether an occasional sip of wine or beer may harm a fetus, mixing pregnancy and alcohol can prove a toxic cocktail to swallow.
Health-e News (South Africa) - Expecting moms ignore alcohol dangers
Tshegofatso Makroti, a 30-year old mother from Ikageng township in Potchefstroom who drank alcohol regularly through five pregnancies, believes that although two of her babies were stillborn her drinking was not a problem.
LittleThings (UK) - New Survey Shows 35% Of People Think Drinking During Pregnancy Is Completely Healthy
One of the most widely accepted facts about a healthy pregnancy is also one of the most widely bemoaned: You’re not supposed to drink alcohol while you’re pregnant.
THE PSYCHLOPAEDIA (Australia) - Australia’s hidden epidemic of alcohol harm
Drinking too much alcohol in pregnancy may have a drastic impact on babies' brain development. But too often Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is overlooked as a cause of children's behavioural and learning issues.
NOFASGeorgia - AAP Article: “Myth: A Diagnosis of a FASD Does Not Change the Treatment Plan” – John Stirling, MD, FAAP
At first blush, it might appear that there’s little help in a diagnosis of a FASD. After all, most patients don’t come to the pediatrician with a Chief Complaint of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
CanFASD - Victimization in People with FASD
The goal of the current paper is to explore the issue of victimization in FASD and make recommendations for improving the justice process for these individuals.
Demeter - Mothers, Addiction and Recovery: Finding Meaning Through the Journey
This anthology is a collection of personal accounts, research, treatment approaches and policy commentary exploring women’s experiences of mothering in the context of addiction. Individual chapters focus on a variety of addictions during pregnancy or mothering including misuse of substances, food and smartphones.

UPCOMING
EUFASD - European Conference on FASD 2018 (September 24-26; Berlin Germany)
The EUFASD conferences bring together academics, educators, non-governmental organisations and charities, legislators and politicians, lawyers and individuals involved in the criminal justice system, birth and adoptive families alongside individuals who themselves have FASD; shared learning will help promote the understanding of this disorder in Germany, Europe and internationally.
NOFASD Australia - DEMYSTIFYING FASD IN YOUTH CONFERENCE – NSW (13th August, 2018)
After the success of their last FASD Training Day, the CICADA Centre NSW will host Demystifying FASD in Youth to empower GPs, paediatricians, psychiatrists, and allied and mental health professionals to develop knowledge and skills in FASD in children and adolescents.
CSUN - FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders) Network of Southern California 3-day Conference (October 25th-27th, 2018)
To provide an understanding of the link between brain function and behaviors. A Neurobehavioral Model and approach for parents, caregivers, support workers and professionals to aid in caring for individuals with FASD and other brain based disabilities.
Alcohol Healthwatch - Our Science, Our Stories: 2nd Australasian FASD Conference (Perth, Australia 21-22 Nov 2018)
Our Science, Our Stories, will feature our own Claire Gyde, inspirational writer and speaker and Chairperson of FASD-CAN, along with Canada’s Dr Svetlana Popova who has led groundbreaking research to ascertain FASD rates worldwide and in Canada.
NB Adoption Support Network - Learning about the FASD Spectrum: Information, Strategies & Personal Experi... (20 September 2018; Canada)
Do you want to learn more about the FASD spectrum? Maybe you are waitng to adopt and foster or maybe you are raising a child on the FASD Spectrum, or are wondering if your child may be on the Spectrum?
NewFound Families of Virginia - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)- Increasing Awareness webinar (AUGUST 23)
Have you been asked to accept a foster care placement or are raising a child with a diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)? Join us on Thursday, August 23 at 7:00 PM for our webinar, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders – Increasing Awareness.
FASD Okanagan Valley Assessment and Support Society - “Putting it together.” (September 6-7, 2018; Canada)
This conference brings together people from academia, clinical practice, service providers and the community.
The Halton FASD Resource Team - Four Night FASD Training Series for Parents and Caregivers (October 9, 2018)
The Halton FASD Resource Team is pleased to announce training for parents/ caregivers and professionals currently supporting someone with diagnosed or suspected fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
BCAdoption - External Brains Wanted with Dr. Diane Russell (September 10th, 2018; Canada)
In honour of FASD Awareness Day we are holding a full day workshop in partnership with the Foster Parent Support Services Society with Dr. Diane Russell where she will present her "External Brains Wanted" workshop.
InclusionBC - 8th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (March 6- March 9, 2019; Vancouver CANADA)
This advanced level conference/meeting continues to bring together global experts from multiple disciplines to share international research.

RESEARCH
University of Toronto - Analysis of Drosophila Nervous System Development Following a Brief Exposure to Ethanol
Improper neuronal mapping predisposes many of the neurodevelopmental deficits that arise in patients of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).
Neuroscience - Activity-dependent Signaling and Epigenetic Abnormalities in Mice Exposed to Postnatal Ethanol
Postnatal ethanol exposure has been shown to cause persistent defects in hippocampal synaptic plasticity and disrupt learning and memory processes.
bioRxiv - Moderate developmental alcohol exposure reduces repetitive alternation in a zebrafish model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Our data thus suggest that zebrafish may be a promising model system for studying the effects of alcohol on learning and decision-making, but also for developing treatments and interventions to reduce the negative effects of prenatal alcohol.
Early Human Development - Prenatal alcohol consumption and infant and child behavior: Evidence from the Growing Up in New Zealand Cohort
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy has a negative effect especially on infant temperament, even if small amounts of alcohol are consumed.
US Patent App - Method for the diagnosis of disorders caused by fetal alcohol syndrome
The present invention provides a method for the diagnosis of disorders caused by foetal alcohol syndrome, said method comprising the assaying of PLGF (placental growth factor).
Journal of Education, Health and Sport - THE EFFECTS OF SENSORY INTEGRATION TECHNIQUES ON MUSCLE TONE IN CHILDREN AFTER PRENATAL EXPOSURE TO ALCOHOL
The sensory integration technique exerts a beneficial effect on the normalization of muscle tone in children after prenatal exposure to alcohol.
Clinical Neurology and Neuroscience - Clinical Implications Related to the Use of Drugs Illicit and Licit During the Pregnancy
The use of drugs during the gestational period brings multiple consequences to the body of the mother and the fetus, of which are intrauterine growth restricted, congenital malformations, miscarriage, premature labour, premature separation of placenta, placenta previa and death Fetal.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Harm from Known Others' Drinking by Relationship Proximity to the Harmful Drinker and Gender: A Meta‐Analysis Across 10 Countries
The experience of harm attributable to the drinking of others differs by gender. For preventing harm to women, the primary focus should be on heavy or harmful drinkers in close proximity relationships; for preventing harm to men, a broader approach is needed.
Alcohol - Impact of moderate prenatal alcohol exposure on histaminergic neurons, histidine decarboxylase levels and histamine H2 receptors in adult rat offspring
Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) reduced the expression of histidine decarboxylase (HDC), the rate-limiting step in the synthesis of transmitter specific histamine, in dentate gyrus, frontal cortex and cerebellum of adult offspring, but not in the caudate nucleus, or ventral hypothalamus.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Göteborgs-Posten (Sweden) - Tusentals barn skadas av alkohol varje år
Vin, öl och sprit som dricks under graviditeten kan orsaka allvarliga fosterskador. Många barn blir till under sommaren, den årstid då vuxna dricker som mest alkohol. I år har dessutom den ovanligt varma sommaren ökat vår konsumtion, skriver bland andra Ihsan Sarman, barnläkare.
RTL Online (Germany) - Fetales Alkoholsyndrom: Dominiques (17) Mutter hat während der Schwangerschaft Alkohol getrunken
Dominique aus London hat es im Alltag schwerer als andere 17-Jährige: Sie hat Probleme sich zu konzentrieren, mit anderen Menschen zu kommunizieren, auch Körpersprache kann die junge Frau schlecht deuten - und all das geht auf die Kappe ihrer Mutter.

Thursday, July 26, 2018

Alcohol News - 30/2018

The Conversation UK - Alcohol: why we should call time on airport drinking
As the alcohol industry continues to make healthy profits, Britain is left counting the increasing cost of its unhealthy relationship with booze. From overstretched accident and emergency departments to a steady incidence of alcohol-related disease, the cost is massive. The most recent figures reveal that alcohol-related harms cost the NHS around £3.5 billion annually.
BBC News (UK) - Alcohol 'sensor' plan for drink-drive offenders
Devices which breath-test drivers before their cars start are being offered in County Durham in a bid to crack down on drink-driving.
Neurology Advisor - Association Between Alcohol Consumption, Cognitive Function Revealed
Light alcohol use is associated with increased cognitive function in older adults; an effect that is stronger in women and diminishes with greater alcohol consumption.
Irish Mirror (Ireland) - Alcohol and drug use blamed for rising violent attacks on Irish Rail services
Alcohol and drugs are to blame for the surge in violent incidents happening on Irish Rail services in the past two years.
Travel Market Report - Too Much Alcohol Can Nullify Travel Insurance
Travelers love to kick back and enjoy alcohol on vacation, but what many individuals may not be aware of is that their drinking could nullify their insurance if they aren’t careful.
PBS - Why do pregnant women get confusing guidance about alcohol?
While official guidelines say no amount of alcohol is safe to drink during pregnancy, women often receive mixed signals, even from their own physicians.
Express.co.uk - Alcohol damage: Six illnesses that can develop if you regularly exceed the limit
ALCOHOL damage is not always visible but often comes in stages. There is no safe drinking level according to government recommendations, but 10 to 20 years of regularly drinking more than 14 units a week can result in a number of illnesses and more serious health problems.
USA TODAY (USA) - Death by drinking: Alcohol fuels surge of cirrhosis deaths among young adults, study finds
Young adults suffered the greatest increase in deaths over recent years due to cirrhosis, according to a new study that blames alcohol consumption for the surge in fatalities.
Boulder Daily Camera (USA) - Alcohol remains most damaging drug, experts call for funding to focus on addiction
Colorado Rep. Jonathan Singer, D-Longmont, worked in child protection and substance abuse counseling before heading to the state legislature.
Express.co.uk (Spain) - Ibiza to BAN alcohol in all-inclusive holidays in bid to crack down on deadly craze
IBIZA and Magaluf could ban unlimited alcohol in all-inclusive holiday deals in a bid to crack down on the deadly 'balconing' craze - with the ban possibly introduced as early as September.
Medical Xpress - Study finds alcohol and drug treatment may be best served at home
Offering withdrawal services to certain people struggling with alcohol and other drug addictions in their own home may serve as an acceptable and less expensive treatment option, research led by Curtin University has found.
Otago Daily Times (New Zealand) - NZ's drinking culture linked to accidents
Research proves the New Zealand drinking culture leads directly to the emergency department.
Drink Tank (Australia) - Alcohol industry not a legitimate informant on health policy
The National Alcohol Strategy (NAS) is a document that would guide governments in their efforts to tackle alcohol harm. Australia has been without such a strategy since 2011. But now consultations are being undertaken to remedy that omission and finalise the adoption of the National Alcohol Strategy 2018-2026 before the year is out.
Daily Mail (UK) - Young adults are drinking themselves to death: Report reveals 240% spike in 20-somethings dying of alcohol-related liver disease since 1999
Young adults are drinking themselves to death by causing irreversible damage to their livers, a new study has found.
Medical Xpress - Alcohol, tobacco consumption tied to cancer mortality
Alcohol consumption per capita is positively associated with overall cancer mortality among older men and women over a 20-year period, according to a study published online July 13 in JAMA Network Open.

Wednesday, July 18, 2018

Alcohol News - 29/2018

Express.co.uk - Liver disease: Five early symptoms of organ damage caused by too much alcohol
LIVER disease is often caused by drinking too much alcohol. If the misuse of alcohol continues, it can lead to a condition called alcohols-related cirrhosis and serious complications can occur.
Express.co.uk - Alcohol advertising checks 'must focus more on social media'
THE rules on advertising alcohol must be tightened up because of the increase in social media, according to new research. Academics said the regulatory system for the marketing of alcohol was struggling to keep up with the pace and nature of technological change.
TTG (Spain) - Balearic Islands to explore all-inclusive alcohol restrictions
The Balearic Islands is considering stringent limits - or even an outright ban - on free, unrestricted alcohol provision on all-inclusive holidays.
Irish Times (Ireland) - Irish plan to put cancer warnings on alcohol being closely watched
It is a quirk of law that a bottle of alcohol-free beer must list its ingredients but there is no such requirement for a bottle containing actual alcohol.
Read more
Science Daily - Potential link between alcohol and death rates
Drinking heavily results in uncontrolled iron absorption into the body, putting strain on vital organs and increasing the risk of death, according to a new study published in the journal Clinical Nutrition.
Undark Magazine - A Major Industry-Funded Alcohol Study Was Compromised. How Many Others Are Out There?
LAST YEAR, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, part of the federal National Institutes of Health, laid out plans for what is a rarity in the realm of public health: a high quality clinical trial.
Washington Times - Even one month without alcohol improves health markers, study shows
Abstaining from alcohol for just one month can improve a number of health measurements, including lowering blood pressure and decreasing factors for cancer risk and diabetes, according to a recent study by researchers in the U.K.
Independent.ie (Ireland) - Dr Ciara Kelly: "We really need to realise that alcohol is a drug
Last weekend there were calls from gardai and emergency first responders in west Cork for parents to act more responsibly, after it was reported that multiple teenagers were highly intoxicated at an underage disco where the emergency services had to be called repeatedly.
swissinfo.ch (Switzerland) - Swiss experts recommend lower alcohol intake
Men should drink no more than two glasses of alcoholic beverages a day, women no more than one to keep their health risks low, the new government guidelines have recommended.
ABC Local (Australia) - Youth in justice system need more drug, alcohol services: report
A new report from the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare has found young people in the youth justice system are 30 times more likely than their peers to need access to alcohol and drug services.
Medical Xpress - The relationship between alcohol outlets and traffic crashes
A new study by the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation examines the relationship between the number and location of alcohol outlets (such as bars or liquor stores or other places where alcohol is sold) and traffic crashes.
Irish Mirror (EU/Spain) - European anti-alcohol campaigners asked to fight drunken flights to Spain from Ireland
European anti-alcohol campaigners have been asked to help fight against drunken tourism in Spain. Flights to Palma and Ibiza from Ireland and the UK have been identified as problem flights.
News-Medical.net - Study shows 'booster' emails can reduce drinking/alcohol-related problems among college students
College students entering adulthood often drink too much. Negative consequences can include missed classes, poor grades, a wide array of injuries, and even assault. Many academic institutions have addressed this problem by offering computer-delivered interventions (CDIs) for rapid and wide dissemination to students.
PerthNow (Australia) - A minimum floor price on booze would curb alcohol-related harm in WA, health experts argue
A MINIMUM floor price on alcohol would be one of the best ways to curb alcohol-related harm, according to health experts, as pressure ramps up on the State Government to introduce the measure.
EurekAlert (Australia) - Reducing Australia's cancer death rate
New research has revealed for the first time what impact cutting back on drinking and smoking as a population would have on Australia's cancer death rate.
Citizen (South Africa) - South Africans drinking themselves to death – report
The study called for effective policy measures to prevent alcohol-attributable harm ‘such as limitations of availability and affordability’.
HuffPost UK - Sexting And Not Drinking: Why Teen Pregnancy Rates Are At An All-Time Low
Teenage pregnancy rates are at an all-time low thanks to younger people spending more time on social media, drinking less alcohol and being family-orientated, according to a report by the British Pregnancy Advisory Service (bpas).
The Sideny Morning Herald - How can we prevent thousands of cancer deaths? Drink less
Thousands of cancer deaths would be prevented each year if Australians slashed their weekly alcohol intake by around five standard drinks, a major study examining almost 80 years of health records has revealed.
Nigerian Tribune (Nigeria) - 4.3% of cancers in Nigeria alcohol-induced —Study
In a new study, experts have attributed 4.3 percent of all cancer seen in Nigeria to alcohol consumption.

Sunday, July 15, 2018

FASD News - 28/2018

NEWS.com.au (Australia) - Federal government needs to take action against alcohol industry’s poor pregnancy warnings, doctors say
AUSSIE doctors have ripped into the alcohol industry’s approach to pregnancy warnings, saying poor labelling could have lifelong consequences for unborn children.
Globalnews.ca (Canada) - First of its kind database aims to reveal how FASD affects Canadians
Saskatchewan, like other provinces, does not collect specific data on how many people have fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The Canada FASD Research Network (CanFASD) is launching the first national database, and first globally, on the disorder.
Edmonton Journal (Canada) - Opinion: People must take dangers of FASD seriously
At first glance, Travis doesn’t seem like someone who was born with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Towering well past six feet, Travis appears to be a standard young adult —charming, personable, and handsome.
The West Australian (Australia) - Perth mums endanger children by drinking alcohol while pregnant
Alcohol-damaged children are a hidden epidemic, including in Perth’s western suburbs where women “from the chardonnay set” drink while pregnant, according to an expert.
702 (South Africa) - The human face of foetal alcohol syndrome
Watch the story of the life of Jade below, who, due to circumstances, was not able to stop her alcohol and substance abuse during pregnancy.
Mackay Daily Mercury (Australia) - Baby born with FAS after mum drank eight beers a day
LINDA McFadden's second baby nearly died from foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), but that wasn't enough for her to beat a debilitating addiction.
Magnolia Banner News (USA) - WARNING: FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME!
In all of my years of writing, there is a little three-letter word in the dictionary that I have never used before. The word is “sot,” and it means, “a habitual drunkard.”
Women's Health - Apparently 35 Percent Of People Think It’s Totally Fine To Drink During Pregnancy
Listen: It's totally normal to want a glass of wine after a long day at work—yes, even (or, honestly, especially) when you're pregnant.
News24 - Protect your unborn kids from alcohol
That small bit of alcohol you drink before realising you are pregnant can have life-long harmful effects on your baby.
The New Times - Alcohol and the reproductive system
It is harmful to health and damages various body parts like the liver, heart and nervous system. Alcohol also damages sexual reproductive health. The damage caused depends on the amount and type of alcohol consumed, and also the duration.
Daily Mail (UK) - Pregnant mother who drank TWO glasses of wine in one night reveals her husband 'hit the roof' and accused her of 'risking' their unborn baby's health - so who is right?
A mother has shared her concerns after her husband slammed her for drinking alcohol during the second trimester of her pregnancy.
HeraldLIVE (South Africa) - Drinking and smoking during pregnancy more deadly than we knew – study
The danger of even low levels of drinking and smoking by a pregnant woman have been researched in an extensive new study conducted in South Africa and America.
EurekAlert - How do state policies on alcohol use affect pregnant women and infants?
It is well known that if women drink while they are pregnant, they increase the chances that children may be affected by alcohol, including a broad range of serious defects referred to as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Le Roux Schoeman - FASD: The facts about drinking alcohol during pregnancy
American Academy of Pediatrics - Alcohol and Pregnancy: It’s Just Not Worth the Risk
There's no guarantee that a baby will be born healthy or grow up healthy. However, there is an absolute guarantee that a child will not have a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) if a mother does not drink alcohol while pregnant.
Helen Simpson - FASD Celebration of People!
The purpose of this video is to showcase the wonderful and amazing individuals in this world who have the diagnosis of FASD. This video celebrates them and everything they are capable of.
And see her new blog as well - Read here
Parenting and Child Health - Pregnancy and alcohol – risks and effects on the developing baby
If you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant, no alcohol is the safest choice.
Hawaii Island Recovery - ALCOHOL IN PREGNANCY: HOW DRINKING AFFECTS THE CHILD
Drinking alcohol in pregnancy significantly increases the risks of a number of alcohol-related birth defects. To what extent does drinking while pregnant affect the unborn child?

RESEARCH
Child Neuropsychol. - Factors predictive of a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder diagnosis: Parent and teacher ratings.
Diagnostic assessment in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is informed by multidisciplinary assessment incorporating objective (i.e., test measures) and subjective means, such as parent and teacher behavior ratings.
Journal of Neuroinflammation - Role of MCP-1 and CCR2 in ethanol-induced neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in the developing brain
MCP-1/CCR2 signaling played an important role in ethanol-induced microglial activation/neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration in the developing brain. The effects may be mediated by the interaction among MCP-1/CCR2 signaling, TLR4, and GSK3β.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - “But problems dwell so the urge is constant…..” Qualitative Data Analysis of the OST CHOICES Program
While understanding their milieu, our study also unraveled different struggles (such as violence, peer pressure, financial burden and depression) encountered by Native women in their daily lives.
Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice - Understanding and Supporting Adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder - Strategies for Health Professionals: an Opinion Piece
This editorial provides health professionals with information to understand and support adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Specific strategies related to initiating referrals to community services, communicating intentionally and responding positively to behavioral challenges are discussed.
Europe PMC - An evaluation of the predictive validity of the SAVRY and YLS/CMI in justice-involved youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Despite the high prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in youth criminal justice settings, there is currently no research supporting the use of violence risk assessment tools in this population.
Alcoholism - Regional patterns of alcohol‐induced neuronal loss depend on genetics: Implications for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Mutation of the nNOS gene substantially increases vulnerability to alcohol‐induced cell loss in a brain region where the gene is expressed (olfactory bulb), but not in a separate brain region, where the gene is not expressed (facial nucleus).
PloS one - Does prenatal alcohol exposure cause a metabolic syndrome? (Non-)evidence from a mouse model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Although prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) reduces offspring growth, it may increase obesity risk at adolescence. Animal models of PAE display glucose intolerance and increased adiposity, suggesting that PAE causes metabolic reprogramming.
PCOM PSYCHOLOGY DISSERTATIONS - An Analysis of Teachers’ Judgements of the Executive Capacities of Students Classified as Emotionally Disturbed/Behaviorally Disordered and a Matched, Non-Clinical Student Group
The findings of this study highlight the fact that assessment at this level could lead to better understanding of how and why EF is so broadly impacted across mental health disorders, and thus aid in improved interventions, targeted treatment, and increased positive outcomes for this population.
Philosophies and Sociologies of Bioethics - ‘Can Someone Please Decide?’ How the Media Represent the Risk of Drinking During Pregnancy
Taking the case study of a UK media controversy from 2007 to 2008 about apparently conflicting risk advice from two public health bodies about the recommended limits of alcohol during pregnancy, this chapter will examine how the prevention paradox can play out in public and explain the delicate public position public health advice can find itself.
Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy - “I think we should all be singing from the same hymn sheet” – English and Swedish midwives’ views of advising pregnant women about alcohol
Many countries have adopted abstinence guidelines for pregnant women, due to uncertainty around the risk of harm caused by small amounts of alcohol. There is a lack of research exploring frontline midwives’ attitudes towards alcohol use during pregnancy and comparisons of practices in different countries.
Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Evaluation of a retrospective diary for peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy drinking in Scotland
Women reported higher consumption levels when completing the Retrospective Diary, especially regarding peri-conceptual ‘binge’ drinking. Routine clinical practice methods may not capture potentially harmful or irregular drinking patterns.
Journal of Advanced Nursing - Peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy drinking
Significant peri-conceptual consumption levels suggest a substantial proportion of alcohol-exposed pregnancies before pregnancy recognition.
University of New Mexico - Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Impairs Performance in an Object-Place-Paired-Associate Task
Memory impairments, including spatial and object processing, are often observed in individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Much attention has been directed towards the hippocampus, which displays significant alterations after moderate prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE).
Contemporary Drug Problems - Exploring Professional Accounts of the Transition Into Parenthood of Pregnant Women Who Use Substances
In this article, the aim is to analyze professional accounts of the transition of substance-using pregnant women into parenthood.
Am Acad Pediatrics - Misalignment of Coronary Microvasculature Detected in a Model of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure using Optical Coherence Tomography
Congenital coronary anomalies can result in severe consequences such as arrhythmias and sudden death. Research has been dedicated to coronary development, but gaps exist in this area of study due to a lack of tools to visualize all the vessels.
Families in Society - The Policy to Practice Gap: Factors Associated With Practitioner Knowledge of CAPTA 2010 Mandates for Identifying and Intervening in Cases of Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Exposure
This article describes results from a state-wide survey of social services professionals (n = 259) regarding knowledge of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act Reauthorization of 2010 (CAPTA), clinically based markers of prenatal substance exposure (PSE), and appropriate child protection responses following a PSE referral.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
tekk.tv (Germany) - Trinken während der Schwangerschaft ist nie in Ordnung – über 400 Bedingungen Co-auftreten mit fetalen Alkohol-Spektrum-Störung
Alkoholkonsum während der Schwangerschaft ist seit langem als No-No aufgeführt. Jüngste Forschungen haben diese Vorstellung jedoch in Frage gestellt und sich gefragt, ob das Trinken von Alkohol während des ersten Trimesters wirklich so schlimm ist, wie wir denken.
Max und das Fetale Alkoholsyndrom
Das Fetale Alkoholsyndrom (FAS) ist eine Fetale Alkoholspektrumstörung (FASD), die erheblichen Einfluss auf das Leben des Betroffenen und sein Umfeld hat. Am Beispiel Max wird erklärt, welche späteren Auswirkungen Alkoholgenuss beim Ungeborenen hervorrufen können.

Thursday, July 12, 2018

Two thirds of Brits have no idea how many calories are in their tipple

10 July, 2018, LONDON – finder.com press release

Over two thirds (68%) of Brits have no idea how many calories are in the alcohol they drink, according to new research from personal finance comparison site finder.com.

This includes an estimated 2.7 million Brits who think there are less than 40 calories in a pint, despite the actual figure often being more than 200. The survey found that millennials were four-times more likely to think this than baby boomers, and they also underestimated by the largest amount across all alcohol types.

In contrast, baby boomers tended to think there are more calories in alcohol than there really are. For example, their guess for the amount of calories in a shot of vodka was, on average, 112 - more than double the actual amount of 54.

Men are 20 per cent more likely to be clueless about the calories they’re drinking, even though they consume double the amount women do every week.

The average Brit takes on 94,380 calories from booze every year, or 1,815 a week, which could see them put on 27lbs (or 12.2kg) in weight over the year.

For those watching their waistlines, two surprisingly calorific drinks to avoid are sambuca, which has around 45% more calories than other common spirits, such as gin, and alcopops, which are the most calorific choice at 155 calories per unit of alcohol.

Your choice of mixer can also make a big difference. Opting for standard tonic rather than diet with your double measure of gin adds 53 calories overall and means that you’re actually taking in a similar amount of calories per unit of alcohol to beer (89 vs 85).

To see the calorie content of popular alcoholic drinks, with further surprising findings and analysis, visit: https://www.finder.com/uk/alcohol-calories

Jon Ostler, UK CEO at finder.com, said: “Healthy living and self-awareness have become more common, so it’s surprising to see the number of people who still lack basic knowledge about alcohol. We don’t need to become a nation of calorie counters or give up drinking altogether, but it’s important to understand that certain alcoholic drinks are as fattening as fast food. The average person drinks more calories per week than you would get in three Big Macs, but they don’t necessarily realise it’’.


Wednesday, July 11, 2018

Alcohol News - 28/2018

BBC News (UK) - Alcohol-related brain damage at 10-year high
The number of people admitted to hospital in Scotland with alcohol-related brain damage has reached a 10-year high.
The Sun (Spain) - Tourists heading to Ibiza and Majorca may face booze limit at BRITISH airports
THE Balearic government is going to call for a limit on alcohol consumption at airports in a bid to curb the growing problem of drunk passengers on flights.
DutchNews.nl (Netherlands) - Educated Dutch among most likely in Europe to drink regularly
Well-educated Dutch and Belgian citizens are more likely than almost anyone in Europe to drink alcohol at least once a week, according to a study published on Tuesday.
9News - Teen drinkers more likely to battle alcohol abuse in adulthood
When it comes to underage drinking, how often a teenager drinks rather than how much they drink has been found to be a bigger indicator of problems later in life.
The Conversation US - Alcohol’s health benefits hard to prove, but harms are easy to document
I research alcohol use and the associations between drinking and a wide range of problems. While the rising opioid epidemic has been receiving a lot of attention in the past five years, it is important to remember that alcohol is involved in a greater number of deaths and physical and social problems.
EurekAlert - Alcohol consumption is associated with nocturnal leg cramps
New research finds that, among patients over 60 years old, there is a strong association between consumption of alcoholic beverages and nocturnal leg cramps.
The New Times - Alcohol and the reproductive system
Alcohol is one of the most common abusive substances known and used worldwide for all occasions, and for relaxation as well.
Science Daily - Study examines alcohol's effects on sexual aggression
New research examines alcohol's 'in the moment' effects on sexual aggression, or the acute effects of alcohol on men's decisions about how to respond to sexual refusals in a dating simulation.
Irish Mirror (Ireland) - Retired Irish men aged 50+ are more likely to have an alcohol problem, study finds
Men who are over 50 and retired are more likely to have a boozing problem, research has found. The study carried out by the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland suggests “older adults remain vulnerable to alcohol-related harm”.
Rugby World - LISTEN: Special podcast on Rugby World’s recent alcohol investigation
Rugby World’s own Alan Dymock hosts a special podcast for the Times’ Ruck based on our latest investigation in the current issue of the magazine – an in-depth look at some rugby players’ struggles with alcohol misuse, addiction and related mental health issues.
Independent Online (South Africa) - How alcohol kills South Africans
When alcohol kills it discriminates - it picks on the poor and sick and goes lightly on the rich.
7Q2 (South Africa) - The human face of foetal alcohol syndrome
Watch the story of the life of Jade below, who, due to circumstances, was not able to stop her alcohol and substance abuse during pregnancy.
Alcohol Concern (UK) - New report calls for overhaul of “ineffective” alcohol marketing regulation
In a new report published today (6 July 2018) a leading alcohol charity is calling on the UK Government to undertake a thorough review of how alcohol marketing is regulated.
EurekAlert - How do state policies on alcohol use affect pregnant women and infants?
It is well known that if women drink while they are pregnant, they increase the chances that children may be affected by alcohol, including a broad range of serious defects referred to as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
MEDPage Today - Critically Ill Patients Who Abuse Alcohol at Greater Risk for ARDS
Chronic alcohol abuse is a significant, independent risk factor for the development of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) among critically ill patients, especially among those with sepsis, researchers report.