Tuesday, December 23, 2014

Alcohol News - 51/2014

The Guardian (UK) - Scottish Labour leader criticised over proposal to end football alcohol ban
The leader of the Scottish Labour party, Jim Murphy, has been criticised by women’s organisations working with the victims of domestic abuse after he suggested that the ban on alcohol at Scottish football matches should be lifted.
Medical Daily - Breastfeeding And Drinking: Important Information For New Moms To Consider Before Indulging In Eggnog This Holiday
There are many factors that play into whether or not a woman should drink alcohol while breastfeeding, and the only way for a new mother to definitively know if having a cocktail over the holiday could harm her newborn is by discussing the matter with her physician.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - When alcohol and drugs are involved, it can only bring heartache and loss of life
Today, tomorrow or next week, some motorist will decide they are fit to drive despite having had a few drinks or taken illegal drugs. The journey is short, they will tell themselves, or on a quiet road with little or no traffic.
Medical Xpress - Alcohol apps aimed at young
Apps with names like 'Let's get Wasted!' and 'Drink Thin' have led a James Cook University Professor to call for Government action on alcohol advertising on mobile devices.
Medical Xpress - Study links suicide risk with insomnia, alcohol use
A new study is the first to show that insomnia symptoms mediate the relationship between alcohol use and suicide risk, and that this mediation is moderated by gender. The study suggests that the targeted assessment and treatment of specific sleep problems may reduce the risk of suicide among those who use alcohol.
The Local (Sweden) - Sweden seeks ban on foreign booze advertising
Two powerful Swedish lobby groups have turned to the European Commission to try and get a complete ban on alcohol advertising on television, after it emerged some channels were dodging the ban by being registered abroad.
Irish Health (Ireland) - Beware of mixing alcohol with meds
People are being reminded of the potential dangers of mixing alcohol and medicines over the Christmas and New Year period.
AsiaOne (Singapore) - Public drinking ban one option for new alcohol curbs
An islandwide ban on public drinking may be on the cards, if Singapore takes a page out of Queensland's liquor control measures. Consumption of alcohol is not allowed in all public places in the Australian state.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Call for ban on alcohol advertising at sport events
The Government has been told to end alcohol sponsorship of sports clubs and ban any advertising of beer, wine and spirits during televised matches by a ministerial forum.
FleetNews (UK) - 84% of motorists support alcohol immobilisers on cars
Almost 84% of UK motorists would support the introduction of technology designed to immobilise vehicles if sensors detect that the driver is over the legal blood alcohol content (BAC) limit.
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association - Alcohol Combined With Drug Abuse Leads to More Overdoses and Deaths
People treated in an emergency department (ED) for abusing opioid pain relievers (OPRs) or benzodiazepines frequently drink alcohol with the drugs, exacerbating their risk for overdose.
Scoop.co.nz (New Zealand) - Ban On Alcohol Advertising Just One Step
Family First NZ says that a proposed ban on alcohol advertising at sports events as recommended by a ministerial forum is an important move, but will not solve the binge drinking and alcohol abuse issue on its own.
Medical Xpress - Density of alcohol outlets in rural areas depends on the town's average income
Alcohol outlets tend to be concentrated in lower-income areas. Given that alcohol-related problems such as trauma, chronic disease, and suicide occur more frequently in areas with a greater density of alcohol outlets, lower-income populations are exposed to increased risk. This study examines the distribution of rural outlets in the state of Victoria, Australia, finding towns had more outlets of all types where the average income was lower and where the average income in adjacent towns was higher, and that this was consistent with retail market dynamics.

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Alcohol News - 50/2014

Live Science - Energy Drinks Plus Alcohol May Encourage Drunk Driving
People who mix energy drinks with alcohol may be more likely to drive drunk than those who consume only alcohol, according to a new study.
U.S. News & World Report - Alcohol Before Bedtime Won't Help Your Sleep, Study Finds
As many as one in five Americans turns to alcohol sometimes to help them fall asleep, but that can lead to sleep problems later in the night, a new study finds.
Prague Post (Czech Republic) - Czechs to fight alcohol, gambling as illegal drugs
The Czech Republic will start fighting alcohol and gambling as illegal drugs under the changes in the national strategy in the anti-drug policy approved by the government today, national anti-drug coordinator Jindřich Vobořil has told journalists.
Buffalo News - Smoking complicates treatment of alcohol abuse, study shows
Cigarettes and alcohol seem to go together, so much so that alcoholism is far more common in smokers than in nonsmokers.
BBC News (Canada) - Canadian navy sailors face near-total alcohol ban
Canada's navy has imposed a near-total ban on its sailors from drinking while at sea. Previously, sailors were permitted to drink while off duty; now they will only be allowed to on special occasions at the captain's discretion.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - New alcohol limits mean testing times
New lower drink-drive limits will be harder on rural communities where there are no taxis and buses to get home from hotels or clubs. But like previous law changes over car seat restraints, speed, alcohol and smoking, rural communities need to come to terms with lower alcohol limits and change their habits accordingly, say police and Rural Women.
TheHealthSite - Alcohol abuse linked to deadly lung conditions
Alcohol abuse can expose one to life threatening lung conditions, an American scientist said here Monday, suggesting Indian teenagers should refrain from excesses.
The Guardian (UK) - Dying for a drink: alcohol-related deaths and illness cost us dearly
Alcohol is a factor in 8-10% of GP consultations in the UK every day. There are more than 10m alcohol-related visits to the NHS a year. Admissions for alcohol misuse are likely to hit 1.5m a year unless the government steps in to tackle the problem.
Channel News Asia - 1 in 10 fatal accidents worldwide linked to alcohol: Study
Middle East, the Asia Pacific and Africa trend below global average, according to World Health Organisation data analysed by Allianz.
New York Times (USA) - Why Colleges Haven't Stopped Binge Drinking
Despite decades of research, hundreds of campus task forces and millions invested in bold experiments, college drinking in the United States remains as much of a problem as ever.
The Guardian (UK/Australia) - Australian and UK alcohol industry lobbyists are hijacking policy – study
Industry lobbyists are hijacking government alcohol policy reform discussions and hampering efforts in Australia and the UK to curb drinking rates, health experts say.
Medical Xpress - Study finds the mere presence of alcohol is enough to make women appear more sexually available
With office Christmas party season in full swing a new Deakin University study provides a timely reminder of the role alcohol plays in unwanted sexual advances.
Medical Daily - Domestic Violence Rates Fall With Tighter Laws On Alcohol Control In Bars, Liquor Stores
Consequences for excessive alcohol use, including drunk driving, injuries, and long-term health issues, tend to get all of the headlines, while the relationship between alcohol abuse and domestic violence seems to fall by the wayside.
Malta Independent Online (Malta) - Anti-drink driving campaign launched: Alcohol and driving a deadly mix, authorities warn
The authorities have teamed up to convey one message: “If you are going to drive, don’t drink”, since it is a deadly mix if one decides to do the contrary.
Science Codex - Call to change concept of harm reduction in alcohol policy
A new policy paper by a University of York academic calls for limits on the influence of the drinks industry in shaping alcohol policy because it has a 'fundamental conflict of interest'.


Sunday, December 14, 2014

FASD News - 49/2014

NEWS and ARTICLES
The Daily Tar Heel - New study by UNC researchers finds higher percentage of alcohol-related birth disorders
For Zebulon resident Becky Brantley, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders affects pretty much everything her son does on a day-to-day basis. Brantley, who adopted a child with full fetal alcohol syndrome, said her son has struggled to come to terms with the depths of his disease.
Grand Falls-Windsor Advertiser - Parenting a child with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) doesn’t involve any extra challenges, just different challenges
“Every child comes with their own set of unique characteristics and this is just a different set of challenges for that child,” said Mary, a foster mother of five years who has cared for close to 20 children, including one now with FASD.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Conservatives drop Yukon MP Ryan Leef’s FASD bill
A private member's bill, that brought Yukon MP Ryan Leef a lot of attention, has been dropped by the Conservative government.
Practical Ethics - Foetal alcohol syndrome, compensation and harm
A case currently before the UK Court of Appeal could have far-reaching implications for mothers who drink during pregnancy. Lawyers for a seven-year-old child with foetal alcohol syndrome caused by her mother’s heavy drinking, argue she should receive compensation from the government-funded Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority as she has been the victim of a crime.
Telegraph.co.uk (UK) - Child whose mother drank excessively while pregnant will not win pay-out
A young child is not entitled to criminal injuries compensation after her mother drank excessively while pregnant, the Court of Appeal has ruled. Lord Dyson, the Master of the Rolls, sitting with Lord Justice Treacy and Lady Justice King, considered the case at a one-day hearing last month.
The Epoch Times (Canada) - Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in North Prompts New Bill
The Liberals are looking to introduce a bill on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder after a near identical bill presented by Yukon Conservative MP Ryan Leaf was stalled at committee for further study to define the disorder.
The Shout (Australia) - Industry actively targeting drinking whilst pregnant: DrinkWise
DrinkWise has several valuable initiatives in place to inform consumers of the dangers of drinking whilst pregnant, CEO John Scott has reaffirmed.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - Drinking when pregnant: Is it harmless or an act of denial?
With 80 per cent of women in Ireland admitting to drinking alcohol when pregnant, Aoife Stuart Madge asks if we are ignoring the risks.
Toronto Star - Toronto author pens memoir about raising adopted son with fetal alcohol syndrome
Although his adoption and challenges with fetal alcohol syndrome are the main subjects of Not Exactly As Planned: A Memoir of Adoption, Secrets and Abiding Love, he doesn’t read books, Rosenbaum says.
Waterloo Region Record - Police officers mentor children with fetal alcohol disorder
Matthew Colombo dreams about being a police officer. That's because the 11-year-old Elmira boy has a role model he hopes to emulate some day — Const. William Hand.

MATERIALS and VIDEOS
Links between FASD and justice system explored in provincial HSJCC webinar
People with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are more likely than their non-affected peers to come into contact with the justice system. Sheila Burns and Cheryl Neave from the FASD Ontario Network of Expertise (FASD ONE) explained why in a recent webinar hosted by the Provincial Human Services and Justice Coordinating Committee (HSJCC), with the support of the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet).
Replies to Prevalence and Characteristics of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

UPCOMING EVENTS
The 6th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder - March 4 – 7, 2015
This advanced level conference continues to bring together experts from multiple disciplines to share international research. From the pure science, to prevention, diagnosis and intervention across the lifespan, the conference will address the implications of this research and promote scientific/community collaboration.

RESEARCH
Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Selective cognitive deficits in adult rats after prenatal exposure to inhaled ethanol
Increased use of ethanol blends in gasoline suggests a need to assess the potential public health risks of exposure to these fuels. Ethanol consumed during pregnancy is a teratogen. However, little is known about the potential developmental neurotoxicity of ethanol delivered by inhalation, the most likely route of exposure from gasoline–ethanol fuel blends.
Behavioural Brain Research - Prenatal ethanol exposure alters met-enkephalin expression in brain regions related with reinforcement: possible mechanism for ethanol consumption in offspring
The endogenous opioid system is involved in ethanol reinforcement. Ethanol-induced changes in opioidergic transmission have been extensively studied in adult organisms. However, the impact of ethanol exposure at low or moderate doses during early ontogeny has been barely explored.
Journal of Clinical Nursing - Dutch midwives' experiences with implementing health counselling to prevent prenatal alcohol use
Journal of Alcoholism and Drug Dependence - Influence of maternal alcoholism on the brain benzodiazepine receptor development in human embryo and fetus during ontogeny
Signaling mechanisms that are required for proper neuronal development and how these processes are impaired by ethanol resulting in harmful consequences to brain development are very important for our understanding.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Helsingin Sanomat (Finland) - Odottava äiti käytti alkoholia rajusti – vammautuneena syntynyt tyttö jää Britanniassa korvauksitta
Äidin alkoholinkäytön takia raskausaikana vaikeasti vammautunut lapsi ei ole oikeutettu korvauksiin, päätti brittiläinen oikeusistuin torstaina.
15min (Lithuania) - JK teismas paskelbs sprendimą dėl „nėštumo nusikaltimo“
Byloje, kuri kėlė susirūpinimą dėl galimo motinų pavertimo nusikaltėlėmis, britų teismas turi nuspręsti, ar moteris, nėštumo metu smarkiai gėrusi, įvykdė „smurtinį nusikaltimą“ prieš savo vaiką.
Neue Nordhäuser Zeitung (Germany) - Frühe Prävention
Im Reha-Zentrum Sülzhayn fand vergangene Woche eine Fortbildung zum Thema "FASD" - Fetale Alkoholspektrumsstörung statt. Die Folge der Störung sind eine lebenslange Behinderung. Wie man die daraus resultierenden Probleme möglichst präventiv abfedert, das wurde den Teilnehmern von Experten vermittelt...
Klikk.no (Norway) - Hvem ville vel gitt toåringen sin en drink?
Julebordssesongen er allerede i gang, og for mange er julebord ensbetydende med et høyt inntak av alkohol.
Gazeta.pl (Poland) - Dlaczego tysiąc dzieci rodzi się z FAS? Winne "drobne grzeszki"
Najwybitniejsi polscy ginekolodzy przygotowali pierwsze oficjalne stanowisko adresowane do lekarzy opiekujących się ciężarnymi. Jego przesłanie brzmi, że nawet najmniejsza dawka alkoholu może spowodować nieodwracalne skutki dla zdrowia dziecka, czyli alkoholowy zespół płodowy - FAS (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome).

Tuesday, December 9, 2014

Alcohol News - 49/2014

BBC News (Scotland) - Alcohol consumption in Scotland falling
Alcohol consumption in Scotland has fallen by the equivalent of 38 million pints of beer a year since 2009.
BBC News (UK) - Minimum alcohol price law 'could save £900m'
Setting a minimum alcohol price of 50p per unit could save Wales nearly £900m over 20 years by cutting crime and illness, a report has claimed.
BBC News - Foetal alcohol syndrome case dismissed by Court of Appeal
A child born with foetal alcohol syndrome is not legally entitled to compensation after her mother drank excessively while pregnant, the Court of Appeal has ruled.
New Era - ‘How alcohol abuse led me to getting HIV/AIDS’
When sober, Paul Witbooi would not be able to talk to women. But a sip of alcohol would give him courage to propose to women. Witbooi’s predicament was so known among his community that people started calling him an “old virgin”. He found solace in alcohol, which he however abused to get involved with women.
MorningAdvertiser.co.uk (Wales) - Welsh Government to push ahead with alcohol minimum pricing policy
The Welsh Government has indicated it will push ahead with alcohol minimum unit pricing (MUP) policy following the publication of a report which showed it could save healthcare services £131m over 20 years.
BBC News (Scotland) - Scotland cuts drink-drive alcohol limit
A new law has come into force which makes the legal drink-drive limit in Scotland lower than elsewhere in the UK.
BBC News (Nothern Ireland) - Alcohol: Jim Wells plans to bring in minimum pricing per unit
Health Minister Jim Wells has said he plans to introduce minimum pricing per unit of alcohol in Northern Ireland.
Cancer Research UK (UK) - Boozy young Brits will drink nearly 4,000 calories in alcohol on festive season nights out
As the nation gears up for the festive season it’s not just the goose that’s getting fat, the waistbands of the nation could be expanding too, in particular among 18-34 year olds. New figures* released today by Cancer Research UK’s Dryathlon® indicate that the average young British adult will consume an estimated 3,700** calories in alcohol alone on evenings out and parties throughout the upcoming Christmas season.
Expatica Belguim (Belgium) - Alcohol abuse up among youngsters
Alcohol consumption levels among youngsters aged between 15 and 24 are "alarmingly high" according to the latest health poll conducted by the Scientific Institute for Public Health (WIV), De Standaard reports.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - Around 500 cancer deaths a year caused by alcohol
AROUND 500 of the 900 people who are diagnosed with alcohol-related cancers annually will die of the disease, it emerged yesterday.
pitpass.com - Eurocare continues F1 alcohol sponsorship attack
European group seeking ban on alcohol sponsorship in F1 continues its attack despite FIA's attempt to distance itself.
Health24 (South Africa) - Alcohol and drugs are the main causes of partner abuse in SA
The latest Peace Maker Barometer survey, completed on the 9th of November 2014, reveals that alcohol and drugs are perceived to be the leading cause of partner abuse in South Africa.

Tuesday, December 2, 2014

Alcohol News - 48/2014

TheParliamentMagazine.eu (EU) - Thought Leader | Eurocare: EU alcohol strategy
As we prepare to host the sixth European alcohol policy conference on 27 and 28 November in Brussels, the European Alcohol Policy Alliance (Eurocare) is calling on the new commission to introduce an up to date, comprehensive and evidence-based EU alcohol strategy to reduce alcohol-related harm.
Fox News - Origins of human alcohol consumption revealed
Human ancestors may have begun evolving the knack for consuming alcohol about 10 million years ago, long before modern humans began brewing booze, researchers say.
Science World Report - Scientists Discover Gene Network Linked to Alcohol Abuse
Scientists may have discovered the gene network responsible for alcohol abuse. They've identified a network of genes that appear to work together that influence alcohol dependence. The new findings could potentially help lead to future treatments and therapies for alcoholics.
Lifehacker Australia - Drink Less Alcohol By Quitting Smoking First
A scientific study has discovered that it’s more difficult to quit alcohol if you also smoke. Apparently, the receptors in the brain linked to alcohol withdrawal are effected by frequent tobacco use, causing cravings to remain high. In other words, wannabe teetotalers should consider quitting smoking first.
Morocco World News (Morocco) - Moroccans Consume 131 Million Liters of Alcohol Per Year
At a time the Moroccan law clearly states that only foreigners are allowed to buy and consume alcoholic beverages, a new study conducted by Euromonitor for the British Magazine The Economist has found that Moroccans are actually the ones putting money in the pockets of liquor distributors and manufacturers.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - People as young as 20 dying from alcohol abuse
PEOPLE as young as 20 have died from alcohol-related illnesses, one of the countries leading consultants has revealed.
The Guardian (UK) - Doctors call for tougher laws on alcohol abuse to tackle liver disease crisis
Senior doctors are calling for tougher government action on alcohol abuse, after warning that Britain is the only country in western Europe except Finland where liver disease has increased over the past three decades.
The Moscow Times (Russia) - Alcohol Kills 500,000 Russians Annually
Around 500,000 Russians die due to alcohol abuse every year, Russia's health and safety watchdog said in a statement Monday.
CBS News - Women, alcohol, and a potential unseen risk
Women in America are drinking more than ever in recent history, and they are suffering growing consequences.
Channel News Asia (Australia) - How Australian cities combat alcohol misuse - Part 1
In the first of a four-part series, Channel NewsAsia looks at how Australian cities have attempted to combat alcohol misuse, starting with tougher criteria for alcohol licences.
LA Daily News - ‘Drink responsibly’ message not effective, says study on alcohol advertising
The “drink responsibly” or “enjoy in moderation” messages tucked into liquor and beer ads don’t impress Jennifer Romo.
The-review (USA) - ELDERLY ABUSING DRUGS, ALCOHOL IS GROWING
A surge in baby boomers has driven up the number of elderly people abusing drugs or alcohol, bringing more attention to the sometimes-delicate problems involved in treating addiction in the aging.
Headlines & Global News - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Is More Common Than We Thought, Study Says
Fetal alcohol syndrome is more common than we thought, according to Inquisitr, and studies show that binge drinking is the culprit.
TheParliamentMagazine.eu (EU) - EU 'can and must do more' on tackling alcohol-related harm
Alcohol is still the third biggest cause of preventable death and disease in Europe, with alcohol-related illness responsible for more than 100,000 deaths a year. It’s clear we need a coordinated strategy at EU-level to help reduce harmful alcohol consumption and safeguard the health of our citizens.
Daily Mail - Drinking a glass of wine is the same as downing three shots of vodka, says NHS chief as he warns of 'silent killer'
An NHS chief has said alcohol is becoming a 'silent killer' in the UK as he warned middle class drinkers that a glass of wine is just as harmful as downing three shots of vodka.

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

Alcohol News - 47/2014

The Guardian (UK) - Young people increasingly alcohol abstainers or risky drinkers, drug survey finds
National drug survey finds smoking on the decline and methamphetamine use stable, but people in remote areas much more likely to use drugs.
Zee News - Empty liquor bottles can reveal alcohol use
Can counting the empty liquor bottles in dustbins gauge drinking habits of people? Yes, say researchers, adding that this is an inexpensive, unobtrusive and relatively easy method.
Mirror.co.uk (UK) - The lethal Polish booze that's 95% alcohol available to teenagers on internet
Online shopping giant Amazon has halted sales of the 95%-alcohol vodka that killed a girl at her 18th birthday party.
TheParliamentMagazine.eu (EU) - Alcohol must be 'top public health priority'
Raising awareness and developing a common evidence base are crucial to reducing alcohol-related harm, write Gauden Galea and Lars Møller.
The West Australian (Australia) - Worry over teen alcohol harm
Alcohol-fuelled violence, drink-driving and damage to developing brains are the biggest fears of West Australians when it comes to young people drinking.
ITAR-TASS (Russia) - Alcohol to blame for half of suicides in Russia — analysts
Russia is among the top ten countries with the highest suicide rates with one in two cases related to alcoholism, professor of the Serbsky Institute’s laboratory of ecological and social problems says.
Romania-Insider.com (Romania) - Study: One in ten young Romanians drink alcohol several times a week
One in ten young Romanians drink alcohol several times a week, while 44% don’t consume alcohol at all, according to a study published on the Romanian Ministry of Youth’s website. Almost 20% of respondents say they drink alcohol once every few months, 13% – few times a month, 8% – once a month and 7% – once a week.
Medical Daily - Long-Term Effects Of Alcohol Impair Brain's Pathways That Underlie Impulse Control
The idea alcohol has negative effects on the brain isn’t anything new. Previous studies, however, have only measured these effects through behavior and post-mortem studies — not scans of the actual brain.
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - Young people's alcohol awareness campaign team up to raise cash for vulnerable kids
CAT COCHRANE explains how the groups Whose Round and Best Bar None have combined to raise cash for vulnerable children across Scotland throughout the festive period.
USA TODAY (USA) - Study: Heavy drinkers are rarely alcoholics
A new study by the CDC and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration finds that 1 in 3 American adults meet the definition of heavy drinking—for men, having five or more drinks in one sitting or 15 or more in a week; for women, having four or more drinks in one sitting or eight or more in a week.
Scotsman - Drinkers snubbing ‘unrealistic’ alcohol limits
DRINKERS are disregarding alcohol guidelines because they say the limits are too removed from their own lifestyle.

Sunday, November 23, 2014

FASD News - 46/2014

NEWS and ARTICLES
Medical Xpress - Study reveals much higher prevalence of fetal alcohol exposure
Nearly five percent of U.S. children may be affected by fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, according to a new study at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. The number is significant given
that previous estimates put the occurrence of these disorders at around one percent.
STLtoday.com - Partnership offers tools to help parents keep babies safe
Safe Babies is a program offered by the Jefferson County Community Partnership to help parents of newborns provide a safer life for their child. It offers classes to parents on sudden infant death syndrome, shaken baby syndrome, prenatal drug exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Should drinking alcohol when pregnant be illegal?
Lawyers for a seven-year-old child with foetal alcohol syndrome, argue the child should receive compensation from the government-funded Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority as this child has been the victim of a crime. In this case the mother is alleged to have drunk heavily during pregnancy, despite warnings that this might harm her unborn child. For compensation to be awarded, the court must agree that the mother's actions were criminal.
Argus Leader‎ - Fetal alcohol syndrome affects many children
Dr. Gene Hoyme, a clinical geneticist and president of Sanford Research, talks about fetal alcohol syndrome in children, and what research shows about who is affected.
Western News (Canada) - Study confirms dangers of fetal alcohol exposure
It represents the biggest single cause of developmental disabilities among newborns in Canada and the United States – exceeding $14 billion in health-care costs annually. And while the prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) remains a high priority, Western researchers are convinced an alcohol culture will make it tougher to get the message out – no matter how much proof scientists provide.

MATERIALS and VIDEOS
David Boulding - Fetal Alcohol and the Law - Part 1
These two short animated films, about 10 minutes each, are for those who want a quick yet thorough introduction to Fetal Alcohol and the Law. We made these films because the topic of fetal alcohol goes to the heart of the difficulties in law, medicine, education, social services, and how we spend, or do not spend, our tax dollars.
Fetal Alcohol and the Law - Part 2
These two short animated films, about 10 minutes each, are for those who want a quick yet thorough introduction to Fetal Alcohol and the Law.
CBC - FASD classrooms in the northwest could be used as a model across Canada
The Keewatin Patricia school board has set up special FASD classrooms in Kenora, Dryden and Sioux Lookout.
YourAlberta - Strengthening Parent-Child Attachment Relationship in Children and Parents
Dr. Sonya Vellet and Mary Berube provide practical suggestions about what parents can do to strengthen relationships with FASD affected children and, thereby, give them the best start in life.
The Arc of the United States - FASD Prevention Series: Effects of FASD
FASD Prevention Series: What is Risky Drinking?
UMN Psychiatry - Neurodevelopmental Disorder associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

RESEARCH
European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Prenatal risk factors and postnatal central nervous system function
Risk factors prior to birth can be subdivided according to timing, duration, dosage of exposure, and their mode of action; these variables determine which tissues/organs in the offspring are affected and to what extent.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Maternal risk factors for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in a province in Italy
Underreporting of prenatal alcohol use has been demonstrated among Italian and other Mediterranean antenatal samples, and it was suspected in this sample. Nevertheless, several significant maternal risk factors for FASD have been identified.
European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Identifying maternal risk factors associated with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: a systematic review
To identify the demographic, psychological, and social maternal risk factors associated with the development of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). A bibliographic search was conducted in PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs, Web of Knowledge, and PsycINFO.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Gość Bielsko-Żywiecki (Poland) - Walczymy z legendą "lampki wina"
Kiedy ponad dwustu uczestników konferencji słucha prelekcji w absolutnej ciszy i zasypuje wykładowców gradem pytań, temat musi być niebagatelny...
Solinger Bote (Germany) - Solingen: Fachtagung zur Fetalen Alkoholspektrum- störung
Solingen/ Am Dienstag, 18. November findet in Solingen ein Fachtag über die Fetale Alkoholspektrumstörung (FASD) statt.

Wednesday, November 19, 2014

Alcohol News - 46/2014

KTAR.com - Snorting alcohol is dangerous trend among young adults
A new way to get drunk has local police departments and health agencies concerned. Young adults are now snorting small shots of alcohol, primarily gin. It is the latest fad in the world of intoxication and it is dangerous.
U.S. News & World Report (USA) - Alcohol Taxes May Give Boost to Public Health, Economy
Some may believe that raising taxes on alcohol products will cost jobs in the service sector, but a new study suggests that's made up for by job creation elsewhere.
Medical Xpress - When it comes to teen alcohol use, close friends have more influence than peers
A recent study by an Indiana University researcher has found that adolescents' alcohol use is influenced by their close friends' use, regardless of how much alcohol they think their general peers consume.
Medical News Today - Moderate alcohol benefits: only for 15% of population
Alcoholic consumption (ethanol intake) at "moderate" level, up to 1 drink a day for women (corresponding to 14 g or 0.6 ounces of ethanol) and 2 drinks a day for men is associated with a decreased risk of coronary heart disease.
New Hampshire Public Radio (USA) - Drug, Alcohol Abuse Drag Down N.H. Economy By $1.8 Billion
Drug and alcohol abuse put a $1.84 billion strain on the New Hampshire economy in 2012, according to a new study. That figure was almost three percent of the state’s GDP in that same year.
Medical Xpress - Chronic alcohol intake can damage white matter pathways across the entire brain
Chronic misuse of alcohol results in measurable damage to the brain. Chronic drinking may be particularly damaging to the integrity of frontal white matter tracts, which can interfere with cognitive and inhibitory control that, in turn, is important to achieve and maintain abstinence.
The Citizen (South Africa) - Alcohol causing erectile dysfunction in SA men
Almost half of South African men could be at risk of erectile dysfunction (ED) because of excessive drinking, according to a survey released on Wednesday.
The Guardian (UK) - Tories plan sobriety bracelet punishment for alcohol-related crimes
People who are convicted of criminal damage or common assault committed under the influence of alcohol could be forced to wear a “sobriety bracelet” for four months, as an alternative to going to prison.
To Your Health - Alcohol Consumption Strongly Linked to Risk of Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer is the second most common cancer in females and the third most common cancer in males worldwide.
Telegraph.co.uk (UK) - Hidden toll of drinking among retired professional women
Doctors have voiced alarm over a hidden toll of alcoholism among elderly middle class women, partly fuelled by the growth of online shopping delivery services.
ABC Online (Australia) - New laws target supply of alcohol to under-age drinkers in Western Australia
People who supply alcohol to under-age drinkers in Western Australia without their parents permission could face hefty fines if legislation being drafted is passed.
Evening Standard - 'Vodka ice cream for children’: Government accused of helping alcohol companies sell booze products to children
The Government is facing accusations that it is helping drinks companies sell alcoholic products to children.
Autoblog (EU) - European lobby group calls for end of alcohol sponsorship in F1
According to the letter published by the European Alcohol Policy Alliance, drunk driving accounted for 6,500 deaths (or 25 percent of road deaths) across Europe in 2010. Based on those numbers, and drawing a direct (if rather tenuous) correlation between drunk driving and alcohol sponsorship in motor racing, the organization known as Eurocare is calling on the FIA to ban liquor companies from sponsoring F1 teams and events.
VOX - Nutrition labels for alcohol, explained
Virtually everything you can buy at a grocery store comes with a nutrition label. Except one thing — alcoholic beverages. Why is alcohol exempt? The short answer is that, mainly as a legacy of Prohibition, alcoholic beverages aren't regulated by the FDA, but a different federal agency called the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) — and this agency doesn't require nutritional labeling.
Herald Scotland (Scotland) - Signs at Border to warn of new drink-drive limit
ELECTRONIC road signs near the Border with England are to be used to alert motorists entering Scotland to the forthcoming change in the drink-drive limit.
Otago Daily Times (New Zealand) - Earlier closing equals less harm: police
When people leave bars there will be trouble in the streets, but if they leave them earlier the trouble is likely to be less, Dunedin police say.


Wednesday, November 12, 2014

Alcohol News - 45/2014

YLE.fi (Finland) - Closer watch on alcohol imports
Over the past four months, Finnish customs officers have questioned over 3000 passengers and scrutinized imports of 37,000 litres of drink brought in from Estonia. The crucial question is whether the alcohol is intended for personal use or not. Almost all travelers seem to have taken the rules to heart.
The Telegraph - FIA President Jean Todt under fire for failure to ban alcohol sponsorship in Formula One
Jean Todt, the FIA President, has come under fire for failing to ban alcohol sponsorship in Formula One, as pressure to ban alcohol advertising in sport at a European level grows.
NEWS.com.au (Australia) - Young Australian women are most dependent on alcohol
THEY’RE out at clubs late at night, drinking to excess and paying for it the next day. Young, cashed-up professional women are the most “high risk” or dependent on alcohol, new research claims.
Lifehacker - This Infographic Shows How Alcohol Contributes to Weight Gain
We already know that drinking alcohol adds calories and affects our metabolism, but the extent that alcohol contributes to weight gain is pretty sobering.
Manchester Evening News (UK) - Call for drink-drive limit to be slashed to ZERO as police launch Christmas blitz
In Greater Manchester, which has the worst record in the country for under-18 drink-driving - police say they are already sending a clear message that the only truly safe limit is to abstain.
BMC Medicine - Why does society accept a higher risk for alcohol than for other voluntary or involuntary risks?
Societies tend to accept much higher risks for voluntary behaviours, those based on individual decisions (for example, to smoke, to consume alcohol, or to ski), than for involuntary exposure such as exposure to risks in soil, drinking water or air. In high-income societies, an acceptable risk to those voluntarily engaging in a risky behaviour seems to be about one death in 1,000 on a lifetime basis.
New Zealand Doctor Online (New Zealand) - Enough is enough: drunks in EDs being violent and harming others
In the largest survey of alcohol harm in emergency departments undertaken in Australasia, the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine (ACEM) has demonstrated that alcohol harm is having a devastating effect on patients and clinicians in Australia and New Zealand.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - 92% of emergency staff abused by drunks, poll finds
Pushing, punching, spitting and biting are all behaviours emergency department staff have to deal with when treating drunk patients, a new survey has found - and a startling nine out of every 10 staff have been subjected to the abuse.
BBC News (Estonia) - Estonia: Council plans Tallinn booze ban
Stag-night organisers may have to drop the Estonian capital Tallinn from their weekend itinerary, as the city council plans to introduce a major clampdown on public drinking.


Monday, November 10, 2014

Why does society accept a higher risk for alcohol than for other voluntary or involuntary risks?

Dealing with risk is a critical, complex and not always fully consistent endeavour in modern high-income societies [1],[2]. This contribution will examine the way the risks associated with alcohol are handled, restricting our examinations to mortality and health risks. We first introduce the classic separation between involuntary and voluntary risks [3]. Voluntary risk is associated with activities in which individuals participate by choice, and where they use their own value system and experience to determine if the risk of a voluntary activity is acceptable to them. Examples are to smoke, to consume alcohol or to ski. Involuntary risks are associated with activities, conditions or events to which individuals might be exposed without their consent. Examples of involuntary risks include the risks of natural disasters (earthquakes, floods, and so on), or technology-related risks such as bad air quality or contaminated water. As Starr showed in his seminal paper [3], societies tend to accept much higher risks for voluntary behaviours than for involuntary exposure. The latter risks are often dealt with by special agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency in the US or the European Environment Agency in Europe.
Read further from HERE

Sunday, November 9, 2014

FASD News - 44/2014

NEWS and ARTICLES
Health24.com (USA) - Foetal alcohol syndrome in US higher than suspected
Although drinking during pregnancy has long been considered taboo, new research suggests that at least 1 in 20 U.S. children may have health or behavioural problems related to pre-birth alcohol exposure.
SBS (Australia) - Indigenous Elders call for caution over FASD
Indigenous welfare groups and Elders have urged the federal government not to stigmatise Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders as part of moves to combat Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
The Australian (Australia) - Void in data as fetal alcohol babies in crisis
FETAL Alcohol Spectrum Disorders are at “crisis levels in many indigenous communities”, according to the Parliamentary Secretary to the Prime Minister, who will use a new report to argue for tougher welfare rules to take control of the disorder.
BBC News - 'Stronger warnings needed' over pregnant women drinking
Campaigners and doctors are calling for stronger warnings about drinking during pregnancy, ahead of a legal test case on foetal alcohol syndrome.
Sydney Morning Herald - Bottle babies: the devastation of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders
No one's sure how many Australians are affected by foetal alcohol spectrum disorders, but the consequences for those who are can be devastating.
Stroud News and Journal - Judges hear pregnancy 'crime' case
The Court of Appeal has reserved its judgment on whether a pregnant woman committed "a crime of violence" against her child when she drank a "grossly excessive" amount of alcohol while pregnant.
Growing Your Baby (USA) - Study ‘1 in 20 U.S. Children May Have Health or Behavioral Problems Related to Alcohol Exposure Before Birth’
Is it safe to drink while you’re pregnant? Studies that have been released over the past couple years have made the answer to this question a little blurry. Some say yes, others absolutely no – and in between you get the ones that say a glass of wine is fine…
The Stir (UK) - Child Sues Mom for Drinking While She Was Pregnant
Can a fetus sue? That's the question a London court will have to decide after a 7-year-old child's guardians have decided to sue the child's mother for allegedly drinking heavily during her pregnancy.

MATERIALS
UNSW - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders - Strategies to address information gaps
Health-care providers and policy makers need accurate and timely data in a useable format to monitor and prevent FASD. There is widespread concern about the lack of information on FASD and the impact this has on health-care planners and providers in managing the problem in a timely and effective way.

RESEARCH
Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Productivity losses because of morbidity attributable to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Canada: a demographic approach
About 0.03% of the Canadian workforce experiences a loss of productivity because of FASD-attributable morbidity, which translates to aggregate losses ranging from $418 million Canadian dollars (CND) to $1.08 billion CND annually.
Birth Defects Research Part C: Embryo Today: Reviews - Neural crest development in fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a leading cause of neurodevelopmental disability. Some affected individuals possess distinctive craniofacial deficits, but many more lack overt facial changes. An understanding of the mechanisms underlying these deficits would inform their diagnostic utility.
Pediatrics - Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Total dysmorphology scores differentiate significantly fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and partial FAS (PFAS) from one another and from unexposed controls. Alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND) is not as clearly differentiated from controls.
Endocrinology - Fetal Alcohol Exposure Disrupts Metabolic Signaling in Hypothalamic Proopiomelanocortin Neurons via a Circadian Mechanism in Male Mice
Early-life ethanol feeding (ELAF) alters the metabolic function of proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-producing neurons and the circadian expression of clock regulatory genes in the hypothalamus. We investigated whether the circadian mechanisms control the action of ELAF on metabolic signaling genes in POMC neurons.
Prenatal Diagnosis - Dose-response and time-response analysis of total fatty acid ethyl esters in meconium as a biomarker of prenatal alcohol exposure
Little is known on how the dose and timing of exposure co-influence the cumulative concentration of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium. The objective of the study was to assess the cumulative concentration of FAEEs in meconium as a biomarker of light, moderate, or heavy prenatal alcohol exposure occurring at either first, second, or third trimesters of pregnancy.
European Journal of Neuroscience - Prenatal alcohol exposure and adolescent stress - unmasking persistent attentional deficits in rats
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can produce a myriad of deficits. Unfortunately, affected individuals may also be exposed to the stress of an adverse home environment, contributing to deficits of attentional processes that are the hallmark of optimal executive function.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Grafschafter Nachrichten (Germany) - Wie Alkohol bei Schwangeren das Kind schädigt
Jährlich werden in Deutschland 4000 bis 5000 Kinder geboren, die geistig und körperlich geschädigt sind, weil die Mütter während der Schwangerschaft Alkohol getrunken haben. Die Kinder leiden am Fetalen Alkoholsyndrom. Hierzu gab es einen Infoabend.
Mamme.it (Italy) - BERE ALCOL IN GRAVIDANZA: UNA CAMPAGNA CI RICORDA CHE È UNA PERICOLOSISSIMA ABITUDINE
Bere e fumare in gravidanza sono due comportamenti molto dannosi per la salute del feto; sembrerà banale, sembrerà una cosa ovvia, ma secondo alcune statistiche ancora oggi, ogni anno, 1 bambino su 100 negli States e 1 su 200 in Europa nasce affetto dalla FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders), un termine che racchiude una serie di disturbi e malattie, sia mentali che comportamentali, derivanti dal consumo materno di alcol durante la gestazione.

Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Alcohol News - 44/2014

DigitalJournal.com (UK) - One in four young people in Briton never drink alcohol
According to a new report, one in four 16-30 year olds in England do not drink alcohol at all. They said they prefer to use the internet than go out drinking.
Times of India - Alcohol more injurious to women than men
Woman who find alcohol hard to resist even after three standard drinks are more likely to suffer from injury when compared with men, shows new research that includes patients from India.
Daily Mail (UK) - Over-60s drink twice as often as teens: Older people more likely to have alcohol in the evening whereas younger generation only drink at weekends
The over-60s drink twice as often as adults in their teens and twenties, a survey has found. They are inclined to enjoy a gin and tonic or few glasses of wine of an evening whereas younger generations just drink at weekends.
Business Standard (Singapore) - Singapore plans to restrict public consumption of alcohol
Singapore plans to restrict public consumption of alcohol and reduce hours for its retail sales from early next year, apparently following up on the country's worst riots in four decades in Little India precinct last year after the death of an Indian national.
BBC News - 'Stronger warnings needed' over pregnant women drinking
Campaigners and doctors are calling for stronger warnings about drinking during pregnancy, ahead of a legal test case on foetal alcohol syndrome.
BBC News - Alcohol calorie content: Labels needed, say doctors
Alcohol should have a calorie content label in order to reduce obesity, according to public health doctors.
The Canberra Times (Australia) - How many calories are in a glass of wine?
Leading surgeons are lobbying to get weight loss surgery made available through the public health system. In the Medical Journal of Australia yesterday, surgeons Michael Edye and Michael Talbot claim it's the best treatment option for some.
The Independent (UK) - ‘Urgent action’ needed to halt alcohol abuse in armed forces
Dangerous levels of alcohol consumption are “the norm” in the armed forces and the link between drinking and higher rates of violence among veterans must be investigated, MPs have warned.
BBC News (India) - India's Kerala High Court upholds alcohol ban
The Kerala High Court has upheld the state government's decision to ban the sale and consumption of alcohol to tackle the state's drink problem.
Poughkeepsie Journal (USA) - Study: Fetal alcohol disorder may be on the rise
Although drinking during pregnancy has long been considered taboo, new research suggests that as many as one in 20 U.S. children may have health or behavioral problems related to alcohol exposure before birth.
Medical Daily - How Alcohol Abuse Changes Physical Appearance Over 20-Year Span, With Help From Online Tool
We all know excess drinking can bring on plenty of damaging health issues, such as liver disease and mental health problems, but it can also take a toll on your physical appearance.
Read more and original study at Rehabs.com
Telegraph.co.uk (UK) - Rising numbers seek NHS help for alcohol problems
Rising numbers of people are receiving NHS treatment for alcohol problems, new figures show.
Medical News Today - Teen binge drinking linked to long-term brain changes
Binge drinking - defined as men consuming five or more drinks and women drinking four or more drinks in 2 hours - is a serious problem in the US.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Lower alcohol limit for drivers one month away
With just a month to go until a new lower alcohol limit for adult drivers comes into effect, police and road safety agencies are reminding drivers of the impending change.
Dalje.com (Croatia) - Croatia tops European alcoholism black list
Alcohol remains the biggest social problem in Croatia, putting the country, with about 200,000 alcoholics and 12.8 litres of pure alcohol drunk per capita, at the top of the rankings in Europe, and alcoholism is closely followed by addiction to narcotics and gambling.

Tuesday, October 28, 2014

Alcohol News - 43/2014

Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Time to tackle alcohol abuse
Alcohol misuse is one of Australia's major health issues. Alcohol-related harm pervades society. It is not just a problem of George Street in Sydney or Lygon Street in Melbourne or Fortitude Valley in Brisbane. The devastating consequences of alcohol misuse extend from our cities into rural and remote areas and the number of alcohol-related assaults tops 70,000 a year.
WebMD - More Kids Harmed by Pregnant Drinking Than Thought
Although drinking during pregnancy has long been considered taboo, new research suggests that as many as one in 20 U.S. children may have health or behavioral problems related to alcohol exposure before birth.
WAAY - State cigarette tax linked to alcohol consumption decline
A new study released earlier this year suggests raising state tobacco taxes may not only reduce the amount of smokers, but also alcohol consumption.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - Over 1,000 dead from alcohol in past 12 months
Pub and hotel staff are being urged to complete a new hard-hitting training course that shows the dark side of life behind the bar as it was revealed that more than 1,000 people died of alcohol-related causes in the last 12 months.
Manchester Evening News (UK) - Huge rise in number of women ending up in hospital because of alcohol abuse
The number of women ending up in hospital thanks to alcohol abuse has soared by 60pc in parts of Greater Manchester.
Science 2.0 - As Seen on TV: Advertising’s Influence on Alcohol Abuse
Excessive alcohol consumption is a leading cause of premature death in the U.S. and responsible for one in every 10 deaths. The statistics that describe the ways in which we drink ourselves to death are staggering.
Belfast Telegraph (Northern Ireland) - Worrying rise in alcohol abuse among Northern Ireland's elderly
Alarming numbers of senior citizens are turning to alcohol in what is being called one of Northern Ireland's biggest hidden problems.
Daily Mail (Scotland) - Scotland to cut drink drive limit in time for Christmas after 1 in 10 road deaths are linked to alcohol
The drink-drive limit is to be cut in Scotland in time for Christmas, it was announced today. Justice Secretary Kenny MacAskill revealed plans which to reduce the blood alcohol limit from 80mg in every 100ml of blood to 50mg from December 5.
Medical Xpress - Binge drinking in young men linked with increased risk of hypertension
Binge drinking in early adulthood is associated with an increased likelihood of high blood pressure in males, while low to moderate alcohol use in early adulthood is associated with a decreased likelihood of hypertension in females.
Cyprus Mail (Cyprus) - ‘Alcohol too easily accessible to minors in nightclubs’
CYPRUS HAS the second highest level of accessibility of alcoholic drinks for minors in nightclubs across Europe, parliament heard on Thursday.
Science Nordic - Few really boost health with alcohol
Only about 15 percent of the population can use their health as an excuse for enjoying a couple of glasses of red wine daily.
Iceland Magazine (Iceland) - 67 per cent of Icelanders oppose to the idea of allowing the sale of wine in grocery stores
A new researched carried out by Fréttablaðið newspaper reveals that 67 per cent of Icelanders are opposed introducing new laws that allow the sale of wine and beer in grocery stores. 30 per cent are in favour. The result comes as a surprise to Vilhjálmur Árnason, MP for the Independence Party, who presented the bill to Alþingi yesterday.
ERR News (Estonia) - Tallinn Health Committee Wants to Ban Alcohol Sale on Sundays
The Health Committee of Tallinn City Council has proposed a ban on selling alcohol in Tallinn on Sundays.

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Alcohol News - 42/2014

BBC News (UK) - Rise in liver deaths linked to alcohol
Public Health England says 24-hour drinking and higher levels of alcohol consumption are fuelling the "rapid and shocking" increase in death rates seen in recent years.
Herald Scotland (Scotland) - One child under 10 treated for alcohol abuse every week
HUNDREDS of children under 10 have been treated for alcohol-related injuries or illness in Scotland in the last three years, new figures show.
Irish Times (Ireland) - Be aware of the links between alcohol and cancer
Did you know that alcohol consumption is considered a risk factor for some types of cancer, and that limiting alcohol intake could reduce the risk?
Daily Mail - Obesity and alcohol may be more likely to trigger a heart attack than 'bad' genes
Lifestyle factors such as a poor diet, smoking and a lack of exercise are more likely to trigger heart attacks than family history, a new study has warned.
Communitycare.co.uk (UK) - Children living with parental alcohol abuse are being missed by system, report finds
Children living with parental alcohol misuse are missing out on support if their parents have not already sought treatment, according to a report by the children’s commissioner.
WalesOnline (Wales) - Young people in Wales drink more alcohol each week than any other part of the UK, new report reveals
Professor Mark Bellis, of Public Health Wales, says the impact of alcohol is creating an 'enormous pressure' on our health system.
Washington Post (France) - France, where children sip wine, wants to end binge drinking
When the French school semester started in September, most college students had no lack of drinking opportunities. As is common in other countries, French freshmen are usually encouraged to drink heavily in initiation ceremonies. But soon the excessive drinking could face a sudden end. According to a French draft health bill, inciting binge drinking could be punishable with up to a year in jail or a hefty fine.
BBC News (Finland/Scotland) - Finland backs Scottish minimum alcohol pricing
The Finnish government is set to give its support to the Scottish government in a controversial court case over minimum pricing levels for alcohol.
SunLive (New Zealand) - New alcohol limits looming
New drink drive laws halving the current alcohol driving limits will come in play on December 1. Under the new law the breath alcohol limit drops from 400 micrograms of alcohol per litre of breath to 250 micrograms of alcohol per litre breath.
Daily Mail (UK) - Alcopops are 'fuelling a rise in liver deaths', warn doctors as death rate rises 40% in just 10 years
The ‘alcopop generation’ is dying needlessly from liver disease fuelled by alcohol and obesity, a report warns.