Wednesday, May 31, 2017

Alcohol News - 22/2017

Wall Street Journal - Women and Alcohol: One Glass a Day Linked to Cancer
Even one small glass of wine or beer a day increases the risk of women developing breast cancer, according to a new report. Even the experts are surprised by the results. WSJ's Tanya Rivero reports.
Addiction Now - The effects of alcohol and marijuana on academic performance
Researchers from various universities in Connecticut analyzed the combined impact of alcohol and marijuana on the academic performance of college students and found that even moderate use of both substances can negatively impact a person’s grade point average (GPA).
Montreal Gazette (Canada) - We're consuming less alcohol, but not thanks to the Quebec government: poll
Quebecers are drinking less alcohol than they did five years ago, although statistics on excessive drinking in this province remain worrisome, a survey made public Tuesday suggests.
Quartz (Africa) - The global alcohol business is expanding in Africa and that’s bad news for health
The alcohol industry is doing exactly what the tobacco industry did several decades ago to ensure growth and increase profits: expanding into Africa as an underdeveloped market. As a result, exposure to alcohol in African countries is expected to increase in the next few years. With it comes alcohol-related health and social problems.
The Cambodia Daily (Cambodia) - Government Bans Alcohol, Citing ‘Disorder’
The government has issued a temporary nationwide ban on selling and consuming alcohol over the weekend to avoid “disorder” during Sunday’s commune elections, continuing a regular election policy in Cambodia.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - Alcohol behind spike in people presenting to A and E after self-harm on St Patrick's Day and other public holidays
Alcohol is behind a spike in people presenting to A and E with self-harm injuries on public holidays, with St Patrick's Day showing the highest numbers of hospitalisations, new research suggests.
Helsinki Times (Finland) - Finns Party unwilling to compromise on alcohol law reform
The parliamentary groups of the three ruling parties will convene today to seek common ground on a bill to reform the alcohol legislation of Finland, after failing to agree on a compromise proposal presented by the Centre Party on Tuesday.
YLE News (Finland) - Alcohol-induced injuries flood Finland's hospitals, public price tag is high
A 2016 report from Nordic Healthcare Group found that people with alcohol problems make up one third of the patients seeking out urgent medical care in Finland.
ABC Online (Australia) - Calls to extend alcohol sale ban to Aboriginal people at remote roadhouses in central Australia
More and more alcohol is being illegally trafficked into the Aboriginal communities of the Ngaanyatjarra Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (NPY) Lands in central Australia, an area that is officially 'dry'.
News-Medical.net - Study finds direct link between adolescent lying and early alcohol usage
Adolescents who have a greater tendency to lie to their parents are also more likely to start using alcohol at an earlier age, while excessive parental supervision may aggravate rather than solve the problem.
Cyprus Mail (Cyprus) - Teens’ easy access to alcohol a ‘huge problem’
MPs sounded the alarm on Wednesday over the ease with which minors have access to alcohol as they pondered a bill to raise the legal age for consumption from 17 to 18.
Xinhua (Lithuania) - Lithuania to raise legal drinking age, shorten alcohol selling hours
Legal drinking age would be increased to 20 years-old in Lithuania and further alcohol selling hours restrictions would be introduced, the country's parliament (Seimas) agreed on Thursday.
The Arctic Journal (Greenland) - Unhappy hour
When discussing alcohol consumption in Greenland, Denmark often provides a frame of reference. Back in the 1980s, every resident over the age of 14 put away 20 litres of alcohol a year, about twice as much as Danes. Since then, consumption is down by more than half, and is now lower than in Denmark, which has stayed the same.
STA - Slovenska Tiskovna Agencija (Slovenia) - Parliament lifts ban on alcohol at sports events
The National Assembly has passed amendments to the act restricting the use of alcohol that reverse a ban on the sale of alcoholic beverages at sporting events.

Sunday, May 28, 2017

FASD News - 21/2017

CBC.ca (Canada) - FASD program in Waterloo region grabs provincial attention
A program that helps youth and families in Waterloo region deal with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is receiving provincial attention.
Irish Medical Times (Ireland) - Calling time on alcohol in pregnancy is long overdue
Even a short time ago some obstetricians were not adequately stringent about alcohol consumption.
The Sun (UK) - BOOZY BIRTH Mum reveals how she was HUNGOVER while in labour… after not realising she was pregnant
A MUM has revealed how she was HUNGOVER while in labour – after she didn’t realise she was pregnant and had been out binge drinking just hours before her baby arrived.
The Gazette: Eastern Iowa Breaking News and Headlines (USA) - University of Iowa police host surprise birthday visit for teen with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
When Amy DeLine reached out to University of Iowa Police Sgt. Dave Bloem about having officers at the department put together a birthday card for her son, Bloem thought, “I can do a lot more than that.”
Washington Post - There is no risk-free level of alcohol use during pregnancy
By writing that studies are “ambiguous” in “Five myths about pregnancy” [Outlook, May 14], Amy Tuteur framed the issue of a safe level of alcohol use during pregnancy as an ongoing debate between opposing sides, each with scientific validity.
CANFASD (Canada) - Safest not to drink during pregnancy, best recommendation
CanFASD, Canada’s leading FASD research network, says that a recent article posted by the The Guardian presents potentially harmful information about pregnancy and alcohol. The article posted on Thursday, May 18th claimed that warning pregnant women over dangers of alcohol goes too far. A similar article posted to The Telegraph states that advising women not to drink while pregnant is “sexist” and causes “needless anxiety”.
Inquisitr - UNIVERSITY OF HELSINKI: ALCOHOL DURING EARLY PREGNANCY PERMANENTLY DAMAGES BABIES
Daunting new research out of the University of Helsinki claims that drinking alcohol, even during the early weeks of pregnancy, can cause irreversible damage to an unborn baby. The researchers claim that in the early stages of pregnancy, even before many women realize that they are pregnant, alcohol exposure can cause symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome.
The Nutrition Experts - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome – A Global Issue
A study done by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Canada found that every year more than 100,000 children are born worldwide with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). FAS is a lifelong disorder with a known cause and it is preventable.
The Mighty (UK) - The Conversations We're Avoiding About Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Here we are again. Another study shows that the U.K. is among the top countries for drinking alcohol during pregnancy. A new Norwegian study shows that 28.5 percent of women in the U.K. drink when they know they are pregnant – placing the UK ahead of Russia (26.5 percent) and Switzerland (20.9 percent).

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Carolyn Blackburn - Developing Inclusive Practice for Young Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) have emerged as a major phenomenon within the education and health care systems. Prenatal exposure to alcohol is known to result in a range of birth anomalies for infants and children. Children with FASD experience a range of developmental delays, which limit their participation and progress in a range of educational and social settings.
AlcoholFreePregnancy - NOFAS Webinar: FASD and the Role of Occupational Therapy
Occupational therapy and FASD share one thing in common – both are fairly unknown. Yet, it is important to understand both in the intervention of FASD. FASD is a brain-based disorder that impacts daily activity.
UW - Department of Family Medicine and Community Health - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Physician's Perspective
Dr. Wargowski has over 25 years of clinical experience in the identification of syndromes and the assessment of individuals with congenital anomalies and developmental disorders, including fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

RESEARCH
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health - Replication of High Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Prevalence Rates, Child Characteristics, and Maternal Risk Factors in a Second Sample of Rural Communities in South Africa
Prevalence and characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and total fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were studied in a second sample of three South African rural communities to assess change.
NeuroImage: Clinical - Cortical gyrification is abnormal in children with prenatal alcohol exposure
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) adversely affects early brain development. Previous studies have shown a wide range of structural and functional abnormalities in children and adolescents with PAE.
Genetics and Molecular Biology - Teratogens: a public health issue – a Brazilian overview
Congenital anomalies are already the second cause of infant mortality in Brazil, as in many other middle-income countries in Latin America. Birth defects are a result of both genetic and environmental factors, but a multifactorial etiology has been more frequently observed.
University of Manitoba - Effects of docosahexaenoic acid supplementation on global gene expression in fetal brain in rats exposed to ethanol prenatally
Prenatal alcohol exposure is known to change genes involved in signal transduction and neurological system processes, thus affecting normal fetal brain development.
Journal of Child and Family Studies - Educating Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Caregiver Support Needs
The purpose of this study was to identify caregivers’ needs in helping youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) succeed in school.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Prevalence of Externalizing Disorders and Autism Spectrum Disorder among Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Due to their central nervous system impairments, children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) commonly exhibit externalizing behaviours such as hyperactivity, impulsivity, and/or delinquency.
GLIA - Acute oligodendrocyte loss with persistent white matter injury in a third trimester equivalent mouse model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Alcohol exposure during central nervous system (CNS) development can lead to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Human imaging studies have revealed significant white matter (WM) abnormalities linked to cognitive impairment in children with FASD; however, the underlying mechanisms remain unknown.
Alcohol - Maternal alcohol exposure during mid-pregnancy dilates fetal cerebral arteries via endocannabinoid receptors
Prenatal alcohol exposure often results in fetal alcohol syndrome and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Mechanisms of fetal brain damage by alcohol remain unclear. We used baboons (Papio spp.) to study alcohol-driven changes in the fetal cerebral artery endocannabinoid system.
The FASEB Journal - The Effect of Alcohol Exposure in Utero on The Cerebral Circulation
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) comprises several syndromes and permanent birth defects caused by in utero exposure to alcohol.
Birth Defect Research - Genetic vulnerabilities to prenatal alcohol exposure: Limb defects in sonic hedgehog and GLI2 heterozygous mice
Genetic factors influence the physical and neurobehavioral manifestations of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Animal models allow the investigation of specific genes that confer vulnerability to, or protection from, birth defects associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs).
Paediatrics & Child Health - Ten-year experience of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder; diagnostic and resource challenges in Indigenous children
Although fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) can have a disproportionate impact in some Indigenous communities, there is a paucity of literature on its epidemiology.
Global Qualitative Nursing Research - “No Alcohol Is Recommended, But . . .”: Health Care Students’ Attitudes About Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy
Canadian findings suggest that health care providers require further training and education to support their work preventing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). However, the knowledge and training of health care students in relation to FASD remains largely unexplored.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Rynek Zdrowia (Poland) - Kraków: powstanie ośrodek leczenia dzieci z FASD
Centrum leczenia dzieci z FASD (spektrum płodowych zaburzeń alkoholowych) powstanie w Krakowie. Taki oddział planuje uruchomić Wojewódzki Specjalistyczny Szpital Dziecięcy im. św. Ludwika w Krakowie. Ma powstać w przebudowanym głównym budynku lecznicy.
NRZ (Germany) - FASD-Selbsthilfegruppe berät jetzt Pflege- und Adoptiveltern
Gregor Hötzel erweitert die Emmericher FASD-Selbsthilfegruppe um Beratung von werdenden Pflege- und Adoptiveltern. Wie der Eltener helfen kann.
Gäubote - Die Herrenberger Zeitung (Germany) - Selbsthilfegruppe FASD zu Pflegestärkungsgesetz
Die Selbsthilfegruppe FASD - also Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder oder Fetale Alkoholspektrum Störung - trifft sich am Mittwoch, 17. Mai, um 20 Uhr im Klosterhof in Herrenberg.
Dziennik.pl (Poland) - Niewidzialne dzieci z FAS. Kłamstwo jedyną szansą na pomoc
FAS, alkoholowy zespół płodowy, to konkretna choroba. Żyją z nią tysiące dzieci w Polsce. Jednak aby ją leczyć, trzeba wykorzystywać luki w prawie, a czasem po prostu kłamać.

Wednesday, May 24, 2017

Alcohol News - 21/2017

Live Science - How Alcohol & Gut Fungus Team Up to Damage Your Liver
Heavy drinking can lead to liver disease, but a new study suggests that it's not just the alcohol that damages the liver — fungi that commonly live in the human gut appear to contribute to the disease as well.
American Institute for Cancer Research - Just one alcoholic drink a day increases breast cancer risk
Drinking just one glass of wine or other alcoholic drink a day increases breast cancer risk, finds a major new report by the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) and the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF).
EurekAlert - Moderate drinking may not ward off heart disease
Many people believe that having a glass of wine with dinner--or moderately drinking any kind of alcohol--will protect them from heart disease. But a hard look at the evidence finds little support for that.
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - New law to help limit teenagers access to alcohol praised by top Monklands cop
Monklands police are warning local residents about the consequences of helping under-age drinkers get their hands on alcohol.
Helsinki Times (Finland) - Working group meets to iron out details of alcohol law reform
A governmental working group convened yesterday to re-commence its discussions about the upcoming reform of Finland's alcohol legislation more than a year after finding an agreement on the reform bill, Outi Mäkelä (NCP), a member of the working group, reveals to Uusi Suomi.
Science Daily - Exposure to alcohol before birth may make drinking more appealing to teens
Fetal alcohol exposure (FAE) reduces the taste system’s responsiveness to the bitter flavor and burning sensation of many varieties of alcoholic beverages, new research shows. These factors make alcohol unappealing to some people, but, for reasons that are unclear, are less of a deterrent in young people exposed to alcohol before birth.
BBC News - When mum or dad is an alcoholic
One in five children in the UK are said to be negatively affected by their parents' drinking, and the effects can last well into adulthood. Four women - Karen, Liz, Hilary and Lynne - spoke to Jo Morris about growing up with a parent dependent on alcohol.
Science Daily (USA) - Tens of millions of Americans drink alcohol at dangerously high levels, study finds
Nearly 32 million adults in the United States consumed more than twice the number of drinks considered binge drinking on at least one occasion, according to a 2013 survey that asked about past-year drinking. This higher level of drinking is associated with increased health and safety risks.
Medical News Today - Weight loss surgery may cause alcohol addiction
More and more people in the United States are opting for bariatric, or weight loss, surgery. However, new research finds that one of the most common forms of weight loss surgery may raise the risk of alcohol dependence.
Toronto Sun (Canada) - Journalists’ brains below average due to alcohol and caffeine: Study
According to a study released Thursday by neuroscientist Dr. Tara Swart in association with the London Press Club, the highest functions of the human brain operate at a lower level in journalists than the average population.
South African Broadcasting Corporation (South Africa) - Alcohol linked to recent spike of rapes, murders
Gender-based violence activists say alcohol is at the centre of most of the rapes and murders experienced in recent weeks. The country has seen a rise in the number of women and children who have been abused, raped or killed, sparking public outrage.
Globalnews.ca (Canada) - 35% of Canadian teens riding with alcohol-impaired drivers: study
A new study has found one in three high school students has ridden with a driver who has been drinking, while nearly one in five has been in a car with a driver who has smoked marijuana.
RTN Newspaper (Spain) - Spain gets tougher on alcohol controls
INCREASED ALCOHOL testing on Saturday and Sunday mornings is to be introduced on Spanish roads following a string of tragic accidents involving cyclists and drunk drivers in recent weeks.

Wednesday, May 17, 2017

Alcohol News - 20/2017

News-Medical.net - Alcohol may change personality less than we think, say researchers
In a study published in Clinical Psychological Science, people typically reported a personality change between their sober and drunken state, yet observers watching from the outside noticed less of a change, with the only exception being increased extraversion among drinkers.
National Institutes of Health (USA) - Study finds tens of millions of Americans drink alcohol at dangerously high levels
Nearly 32 million adults in the United States (13 percent of the U.S. population aged 18 and older) consumed more than twice the number of drinks considered binge drinking on at least one occasion, according to a 2013 survey that asked about past-year drinking.
Riverine Herald - Alcohol linked to cancer return
Drinking as little as little 6g of alcohol a day — less than one standard drink — may increase the risk of breast cancer returning for survivors of the disease.
Dublin Live (Ireland) - Events company apologises after furious parents lash underage party
A company specialising in promoting events for underage school children has apologised after being accused of promoting the use of alcohol and drugs on its Facebook page.
The Scotsman (Scotland) - New alcohol laws set to slash Scots underage drinking
GIVING or serving alcohol to a child or young person in a public place is now an offence in Scotland after new laws were introduced.
Medical Xpress - How harmful is alcohol for the adolescent brain?
Under 18, no alcohol. In spite of this slogan, adolescents still have access to alcohol. But how harmful is that one beer for the adolescent brain? Research, including in Leiden, may provide the answer.
HuffPost UK - Don’t Be Under Any Illusions About Mental Health And Alcohol
Although alcohol can temporarily reduce symptoms of social anxiety - which is the reason many turn to it - it is usually only a temporary fix, and can increase symptoms of anxiety, irritability, or depression just a few hours later.
News-Medical.net - Study finds link between socioeconomic status and harm from alcohol consumption
Drinking heavily is disproportionately harmful for the poorest in society, with a greater risk of dying or becoming ill due to alcohol consumption.
UPI.com (Ireland) - Irish consume the most alcohol in Europe, study confirms
Because people in different countries drink different types of alcohol, precisely calculating consumption can be difficult. But researchers at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology developed a novel questionnaire to account for regional differences.
The Advertiser (Australia) - Push to ban 24-hour sale of alcohol rejected by SA Opposition
A PUSH by the State Government to force pubs and clubs to stop selling liquor for at least three hours a day will face opposition from the Liberal Party.
The Economist (Scotland) - How Scotland kicked its drink problem
ON A Monday night the Grove, a pub in Glasgow’s West End, is quiet. A small bevy of old-timers clutch pints around the bar. The barmen are surprised to hear that fewer of their countrymen are dying of drink.
Baltic Times (Baltics) - Baltic countries agree on alcohol policy cooperation
Baltic health ministries at a meeting in Vilnius on Tuesday agreed on common plans for developing alcohol, tobacco and healthy eating policies, which include exchanging information and experiences related to imposing of restrictions on the accessibility of alcohol, equalization of tobacco products and engaging in cooperation with the food industry.

Sunday, May 14, 2017

FASD News - 19/2017

WHO Bulletin - Counting the costs of drinking alcohol during pregnancy
Researchers are starting to shed light on the true extent of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Svetlana Popova talks to Fiona Fleck.
Fairview Post - Drumming for prevention and support for FASD
NW FASD and the City of Grande Prairie Community Social Development presented a session on drumming and conversation about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the New to You Thrift Store basement May 3.
Canada NewsWire (Canada) - Public Health Agency of Canada investing in projects to address Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can result in a baby being born with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), which includes a range of physical, mental or behavioural difficulties that last a lifetime. No amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy.
KTUU.com (USA) - Results are in from study that put pregnancy tests in bars
A two year experiment that brought Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder education and pregnancy tests to bar bathrooms in Alaska stopped some women from drinking. That conclusion comes from researchers with the University of Alaska Anchorage Institute for Circumpolar Health Studies.
Eyewitness News (South Africa) - PROGRAMME LAUNCHED TO REDUCE FASD CASES IN HEX RIVER VALLEY
The Western Cape Social Development Department has launched a programme in the Hex River Valley area to target the high number of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) cases.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - Teenage murderer denied sentence appeal over concerns he has FASD
A teenage killer has failed to get his jail term reduced after his lawyer argued his Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) was a mitigating factor in his sentencing.
Valley Courier - Amarah's Corner: Doctor shares effects of alcohol, opiates on babies
Does drinking alcohol during pregnancy harm a baby? Prenatal exposure to alcohol can damage the developing fetus and it is the leading preventable cause of birth defects, intellectual delays and disabilities.
Southgate News Herald - Motherhood requires sacrifice for benefit of the child; avoid alcohol, tobacco and drugs during pregnancy
Mother’s Day is a day when we can appreciate every mother figure in our lives. Being a mother is a very important responsibility and it requires sacrifice for the benefit of the child.
Advocate Daily - FASD should be considered at all stages of criminal justice system
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a significant issue in the criminal justice system — but instead of unnecessary blanket amendments that focus on the sentencing stage, reforms should aim for better treatment and policies throughout the legal process, Toronto criminal and civil litigator Laurelly Dale writes in The Lawyers Weekly.
VICE (Canada) - The invisible disability caught in Canada’s prison system
It’s just one of the many problems that people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) face in the criminal justice system due to difficulties with impulse control, learning from mistakes and understanding complex instructions or abstract concepts of cause and effect.
MJA InSight - Zika prep confirms microcephaly and FASD link
A LANDMARK 25-year study into the baseline rate of microcephaly in Australia has confirmed an important link between the neurological condition and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Alexandra Pfleging - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Webinar
PreventionInstitute1 - FASD: Let's move from shame to blame, to support and care
“My mom loved me.” When talking about FASD, there is often shame and blame. That does not help anyone. The best way to help moms and people living with FASD is to provide support and understanding.
Professionals without Parachutes - Supporting Individuals with FASD
A PD resource created in collaboration with Edmonton Regional Learning Consortium and Professionals without Parachutes. Video 1 of 3 explores the effects of alcohol on the developing brain.
CanFASD - Kelly Coons interview
FASD Forever's Jeff Noble interviews FASD researcher Kelly Coons at the 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Vancouver for Canada FASD Research Network.

RESEARCH
Neurology - The role of genetics in ethanol-induced cell death in the forebrain and brainstem
Our research aim is to identify the genes responsible for the underlying molecular mechanisms mediating apoptotic cell death in the developing central nervous system following prenatal alcohol exposure in a mouse model.
The Lancet - Unreliable estimation of prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome
We thank Katrine Strandberg-Larsen and colleagues from Denmark and Simona Pichini and colleagues from Italy for their comments on our paper. Both comments underline the immense interest in the related public health problems of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
The FASEB Journal - Transcriptional & Translational Effects of Developmental Ethanol on Thyroid Function of Zebrafish
Hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis is critical for fetal growth and development especially within the central nervous system. Disruption of neonatal thyroid function such as congenital hypothyroidism may lead to cognitive and physical disorders if untreated.
Acta Physiologica - Neurological and Neuropsychological Effects of Low and Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Several explanations for the diverse results in research on Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) or Alcohol-Related Neuro-developmental Disorder (ARND) might be at hand: timing, amount and patterns of alcohol exposure, as well as complex epigenetic responses.
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law - Putting Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) on the Map in New Zealand: A Review of Health, Social, Political, Justice and Cultural Developments
The damaging effects of alcohol intake have long been recognised as an issue for New Zealand society since the introduction of alcohol by early settlers.
Alcohol - Interactions of early-life stress and prenatal alcohol exposure on executive control
There is growing consensus that moderate alcohol intake during pregnancy can lead to lasting cognitive impairments. These impairments, categorized as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are characterized by deficits in working memory, response inhibition, and behavioral flexibility.
Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Deficits in spatial learning and memory in adult mice following acute, low or moderate levels of prenatal ethanol exposure during gastrulation or neurulation
Debate continues on the merits of strictly limiting alcohol consumption during all of pregnancy, and whether “safe” consumption levels and/or times exist.
Forensic Scholars Today - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in Detoxification Centers: A Call on Withdrawal Management Professionals to Become FASD-Informed
This article explores the challenges associated with identifying and diagnosing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in detoxification centers throughout the United States.
Alcohol - Genome-wide profiling of differentially spliced mRNAs in human fetal cortical tissue exposed to alcohol
Excessive alcohol consumption results in significant changes in gene expression and isoforms due to altered mRNA splicing. As such, an intriguing possibility is that disturbances in alternative splicing are involved in key pathological pathways triggered by alcohol exposure.
Alcohol - Prenatal alcohol exposure: Fetal programming, alcohol-stress interactions, and sex differences in outcome
BMJ - Maternal alcohol disorders and school achievement: a population cohort record linkage study in Western Australia
Children of mothers with alcohol use disorders are at risk of not meeting minimum educational benchmarks in numeracy and literacy, with the risk highest among Indigenous children.
Clinical Epigenetics - Associations between maternal risk factors of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes and the offspring epigenetic clock of gestational age at birth
A recent study has shown that it is possible to accurately estimate gestational age (GA) at birth from the DNA methylation (DNAm) of fetal umbilical cord blood/newborn blood spots.
J Dev Behav Pediatr - Comorbid Mental Disorders in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review.
Increased rates of mental disorders in people with FASD are commonly reported. Mental health providers should routinely consider FASD in the diagnosis and management of mental illness and developmental disorders.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
kobinet-nachrichten (Germany) - Einheitliches Verfahren bei Behindertenausweisen
"Das grundlegende Problem liegt darin, dass das Fetale Alkoholsyndrom nicht als eigene Kategorie in der Versorgungsmedizin-Verordnung aufgeführt ist. Das führt dazu, dass keine einheitliche Begutachtung stattfindet, sondern die körperlichen und geistigen Funktionsstörungen einzeln bewertet werden", so der CDU-Bundestagsabgeordnete und ehemalige Behindertenbeauftragte der Bundesregierung Hubert Hüppe.
Huis aan Huis (Netherlands) - ‘Je snapt het pas met een FASD-pas’
Mensen met het Foetaal Alcohol Syndroom (FAS) kunnen zich binnenkort identificeren als FAS-patiënt, om het dagelijkse leven zo een stuk eenvoudiger te maken. In Hardegarijp werd woensdag de eerste landelijke FASD*-pas uitgereikt door voormalig Tweede Kamerlid Lutz Jacobi.

Wednesday, May 10, 2017

Alcohol News - 19/2017

Smithsonian - From Budweiser to Heineken, Alcohol Brands Are Rampant in Hollywood Films
This kind of scene is no accident, contends new research being presented Tuesday at the 2017 annual Pediatric Academic Societies Meeting. Alcohol brand placement has nearly doubled over the past two decades, the authors find, and most of that is likely paid product placement.
EURACTIV (Lithuania) - Lithuania’s new alcohol package raises eyebrows in industry
The Lithuanian government has unveiled new policy measures aimed at tackling alcohol-related harm, including increasing the legal age for buying and consuming alcoholic drinks.
The Guardian (UK) - More than a quarter of young adults in the UK do not drink alcohol – in data
Young adults in the UK are more likely to be teetotallers than their older counterparts, according to figures released this week. More than a quarter of 16- to 24-year-olds do not drink, compared with just over a fifth of the broader adult population.
The Independent (UK) - Number of Britons regularly drinking alcohol drops to 12-year low
Booze Britain has lost some of its fizz, according to new figures, which show drinking levels have fallen to their lowest in more than a decade.
VICE - Ten Questions You Always Wanted to Ask a Recovering Alcoholic
Alcohol is all fun and games until it's not anymore. It's clear that heavy drinking damages your insides—and possibly some relationships and bar stools. But much more can be destroyed when people start to become dependent on alcohol—which the NHS estimates in the UK is about 9 percent of men and 4 percent of women.
The Guardian (Australia) - Five alcohol companies paid no corporate tax for two years, analysis reveals
An analysis of the 13 largest foreign and Australian-owned alcohol producers shows five paid no corporate tax in 2013-14 and 2014-15, while two paid well below the statutory rate of 30%.
Daily Mail - Drinking just HALF a bottle of wine a week may increase the risk of breast cancer recurrence in women
Drinking just half a bottle of wine a week may increase the risk of breast cancer returning for survivors of the disease, a new study has found.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Calls to ban alcohol sponsorship in sport
Researchers are calling for a ban of alcohol sponsorship in sport after a study found audiences were exposed to a high frequency of alcohol marketing during sport broadcasts.
Irish Times (Ireland) - More than half of suicides linked to alcohol, all-Ireland forum told
More than half of all suicides on the island of Ireland are likely to involve alcohol, a forum on alcohol, self-harm and suicide was told on Wednesday.
BBC Sport (UK) - FA 'considering' relationship with gambling and alcohol firms - Greg Clarke
The Football Association is "considering" its relationship with gambling firms and alcohol companies, says the governing body's chairman.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Health Canada surveys drinkers in Yukon and N.W.T.
Health Canada is funding a new study that will attempt to shed light on drinking habits in the North, and what people know and believe about booze.
The Daily Vox (South Africa) - An Alcohol Advertising Ban Could Improve Public Healthcare
In the first part of this series we looked at how little legislation regulating alcohol advertising there is, and how the industry has been left to regulate itself. Muhammad Zakaria Suleman asks whether self-regulation is enough or whether alcohol advertising should be banned.
NH1 News (USA) - Report: Drug and alcohol misuse cost NH over $2.3 billion annually
The report, released Monday morning by the group New Futures, estimates that drug and alcohol misuse cost New Hampshire economy more than $2.36 billion in 2014. That’s equal to $1,780 for every person in the state, and it’s equal to 3.32% of New Hampshire’s annual gross product, according to the report.
dailytelegraph.com.au (Australia) - Northern beaches health: Data reveals we have risky drinkers and high breast cancer deaths
NEW health statistics reveal that although we are pretty healthy on the northern beaches, we drink too much and there is a worryingly high number of people dying from breast cancer.
TRBusiness (UK) - Airlines UK calls for action on big issues including alcohol
The UK industry association Airlines UK has set out several issues it wants any newly-elected UK Government to address after net month’s election, including criminalising passenger consumption of personal alcohol brought onboard as duty free or travel retail purchases.
eMaxHealth - Alcohol May Increase Risk of Skin Condition in Women
Drinking alcohol has a number of effects on the body that can impact the skin, says a board-certified dermatologist.

Wednesday, May 3, 2017

Alcohol News - 18/2017

Vice (Norway) - Norway Is Ultra-Restrictive on Buying Booze, and People Like It
Where can you buy a bottle of wine in Norway on a Friday night? Trick question: You can't, because the Wine Monopoly closes at 6 pm. You can pick up a six-pack of beer at the supermarket, but only until 8. On Saturdays, the cutoff for buying booze is even earlier—3 pm—and then you're out of luck until Monday morning.
The Times (UK) - Girls and young women are most likely to go binge drinking
Young women have emerged as the group most likely to indulge in binge drinking, despite lower overall levels of alcohol consumption among the young.
Reuters - African American women not immune to alcohol-breast cancer link
Having more than one alcoholic drink a day has long been linked to increased breast cancer risk in studies involving mostly white women, but new U.S. research finds similar risk increases among black women.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Canadians spent $22.1B on alcohol last year, StatsCan says
Canada remains a nation of beer lovers, but wine and spirits are becoming almost as popular as brew.
Radio New Zealand (New Zealand) - Wellington police and health warned by alcohol authority
Police and health officials have been told to stop challenging liquor licensing applications just because they failed to negotiate earlier closing times for Wellington's bars.
Washington Post (USA) - Montgomery County to begin carding anyone purchasing alcohol
County officials in Maryland have announced a new policy for buying alcohol. WRC-TV of Washington reports (http://bit.ly/2oTB6r0 ) officials in the county north of the U.S. capital announced anyone purchasing alcohol will soon be carded regardless of how old they look.
Science Daily - Link between alcohol consumption, cardiac arrhythmias found in drinkers at the Munich Octoberfest
Researchers who studied beer drinkers at the Munich Octoberfest have found that the more alcohol consumed the higher was the likelihood of developing abnormal heart rhythms called cardiac arrhythmias.
vestnik kavkaza (Turkey) - Turkey’s Antalya authorities issue alcohol ban
The Antalya police department issued a ban on alcohol consumption in outdoor locations on possibilities that drinking could cause “disturbance” to the surrounding.
NEWS.com.au (Australia) - Australia’s drinking culture exposed in national report
ABOUT a million Australian children are harmed as a result of their carer’s drinking, a report on the nation’s relationship with alcohol shows.
Daily Mail (UK) - Six mothers of babies with fetal alcohol syndrome reveal the agony of being branded alcoholics - while struggling to cope with their child's severe behavioral disability
When Natyra Teske was 18 years old, she found out she was eight weeks pregnant. Still in high school in Alberta, Canada, she and her boyfriend were shocked and nervous - but excited.
The Conversation UK - Football’s unholy alliance with alcohol sends a dangerous message to young people
Last year, as 24 football-mad nations across Europe cheered on their heroes, and Portugal battled their way to UEFA Euro 2016 glory, do you remember seeing any alcohol marketing pitch-side?
Winchester Herald Chronicle (USA) - Drunk driving is still the biggest killer on our roads
In response to recent reports regarding an increase in drug impaired driving, Mothers Against Drunk Driving wants to remind the public that drunk driving is still the biggest cause of traffic deaths and injuries in the nation.
TVNZ (New Zealand) - Call for ban on alcohol sponsorship of sport after young women revealed as NZ's most extreme drinkers
New research showing young women in their twenties are the most extreme group of Kiwi drinkers has sparked a call for alcohol sponsorship of sport to be banned and taxes to be slapped on all alcohol beverages.
Sunderland Echo (UK) - Cheap booze is easier than ever to get in poor areas
Cheap alcohol is easier than ever to buy despite the dramatic surge in pub closures - especially in deprived areas.
Herald Sun (Australia) - PARTY program: Real-life horror stories drum home dangers of alcohol and drug misuse
A PROGRAM to confront high school students with real-life horror stories in our hospitals is being expanded to drum home the dangers of drug and ­alcohol misuse.