Thursday, February 13, 2020

Alcohol News - 6/2020


ERR News (Estonia) - Study: Estonian school children drinking less alcohol
Surveys of Estonian schoolchildren show alcohol consumption increased in the 1990s, remained stable in the early 2000s and has begun to decline since 2003, a University of Tartu student's master thesis shows.
The Sydney Morning Herald - Why older women don't think the alcohol guidelines apply to them
Older women are drinking at risky levels and don’t feel the alcohol guidelines apply to them, a new study reveals. Previous research has found "risky drinking" among older Australian adults is on the rise. The new study set out to explore why.
Forbes - Alcohol Ads On Social Media Could Encourage Underage Drinking
New research has found that social media could be sending out positive messaging about alcohol use – and that increased use of social media by just one hour a day resulted in an a 0.45 unit upsurge in the frequency of alcohol consumption among teenage students in the 7th to 11th grades.
NDTV Food - Alcohol Use Disorder In Parents May Affect Brain Functioning In Children; Says Study
A new research confirmed that if the parents suffered from alcohol use disorder, it could negatively impact the children's brain transitions.
ScienceBlog.com - Helpful Behaviors May Increase Alcohol Abuse In Those With Previous Dependence
Past research has long established that co-dependency and enabling behaviors are detrimental, but a new study from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln suggests well-intentioned, healthy support from an intimate partner can be counterproductive when not guided by a professional counseling process.
Isle of Wight Radio (Isle of Wight) - 80 Per Cent Rise In Alcohol Related Hospital Admissions On The Isle Of Wight
The Isle of Wight has seen an 80 per cent rise in the number of people admitted to hospital due to alcohol in the last seven years.
Movendi (WHO) - WHO: Countries Request Accelerated Action on Alcohol
A decision unanimously adopted at the World Health Organization’s Executive Board meeting calls the global alcohol burden a “public health priority”. In the decision, countries request “accelerated action” on alcohol harm.
Gillings School News - Researchers find little progress on alcohol policy globally, call for stronger approach
Alcohol causes three million deaths per year worldwide. Almost ten years ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted a voluntary global strategy for reducing harmful use of alcohol. However, a new analysis by researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Boston University reports that few countries have adopted effective measures to decrease alcohol consumption.
EurekAlert - Fewer liquor stores may lead to less homicide
Reducing the number of businesses in Baltimore that sell alcohol in urban residential areas may lower the homicide rate, according to new research.
ARG - ALCOHOL POLICIES ARE MORE EFFECTIVE FOR SOME GROUPS THAN OTHERS
Increasing taxes on specific types of alcohol and implementing policies that reduce its availability have differing effects on specific subgroups according to a new study from ARG biostatistician Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman and colleagues.
The Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Alcohol and health: time for an overdue conversation
According to a new report from the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), 944 880 people aged 16 years or older in the USA died from alcohol-related causes between 1999 and 2017. During this period, the age-adjusted death rate from alcohol increased from 16·9 to 25·5 per 100 000; nearly a third of alcohol-related deaths were from liver disease.
​Cancer To​​day - Drinking After a Diagnosis
INCREASINGLY, studies point to risks posed by alcohol to people who have been diagnosed with cancer. Drinking may be associated with worsened cancer-related outcomes, such as recurrence or death, although this research is in its early stages.

Sunday, February 9, 2020

FASD News - 5/2020

EurekAlert - Self-care linked to greater confidence in parents of children with FASD
Children diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD)--caused by prenatal alcohol exposure--often face lifelong developmental, cognitive and behavioral problems.
ABC News (Australia) - Health experts warn Aussie drinking culture is causing hidden epidemic in children
Fetal alcohol specialists on the Sunshine Coast say the syndrome has become a hidden epidemic, with the number of children affected by prenatal alcohol exposure now believed to outnumber those diagnosed with autism and cerebral palsy.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Advocates seek more support for people struggling with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Vicky Morinville's daughter has been called lazy and difficult because she was born with a disability that's largely misunderstood and hard to diagnose.
The Kingston Whig-Standard (Canada) – Wynne revives Kiwala´s fetal alcohol disorder bill
A piece of legislation championed by former Kingston and the Islands MPP Sophie Kiwala is to get a second chance at Queen’s Park.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - People with brain injuries, developmental issues 'over-represented' in justice system
New Zealand's justice system is not set up for the high proportion of prisoners living with brain injuries and learning difficulties, potentially keeping them in the system and hampering rehabilitation, a report has found.
Office of the Prime Minister’s Chief Science Advisor (New Zealand) - What were they thinking? A discussion paper on brain and behaviour in relation to the justice system in New Zealand
Like all good trilogies, Ian Lambie’s series of three discussion papers exploring factors that have led Aotearoa New Zealand to have a high incarceration rate has turned out to have a fourth part.
East London and West Essex Guardian Series (UK) - Study reiterates call to avoid drinking alcohol during pregnancy
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy leads to poorer cognitive functioning in children, according to scientists.
Telegraph.co.uk (UK) - The inconvenient truth about drinking while pregnant
When I first became pregnant over ten years ago I was given a long list of health advice: don’t eat sushi, soft cheese or rare steak; don’t sleep on your back; stick to one coffee a day, and just one or two glasses of wine a week.
Edmonton and area Fetal Alcohol Network - CANFASD: LET’S TALK ABOUT FASD AND MENTAL HEALTH
Bell Let’s Talk launched in 2010 as a campaign to build understanding and catalyze action on mental health. The campaign has grown over the last 10 years and has been extremely influential in raising Canadians’ awareness of mental health.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
IOGT-NTO (Sweden) - Alcohol, pregnancy and infant health – a shared responsibility
Alcohol, pregnancy and infant health – a shared responsibility, is a new report from the IOGT-NTO in collaboration with CERA at the University of Gothenburg, the Swedish Society of Nursing, the Swedish Association of General Practice and the SAFF Foundation.
American Addiction Centers - Dangers of Drinking Alcohol While Pregnant
A leading nationwide provider of substance abuse treatment, American Addiction Centers treats clients struggling with drug addiction, alcohol addiction, and mental health/behavioral health issues.
Concept Clear - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome | Risks, Pathology, Clinical Presentation and Treatment
In this lecture, we discuss the Risks, Pathology, Clinical Presentation and Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
Susan Wendel – FASD
Please complete a short evaluation after viewing the video.

RESEARCH
The Lancet. Neurology - Diagnosis, epidemiology, assessment, pathophysiology, and management of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) frequently causes neurodevelopmental disorder, yet fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are often undiagnosed. Global prevalence rates of 0.77% for FASD and European / North American rates of 2–5% highlight the need for neurologists to engage in identification, assessment, and treatment of this preventable disorder.
Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability - Preliminary psychometric analysis of a neurobehavioural screening tool for foetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Results provide preliminary evidence that the NBST has adequate psychometric properties and may be a useful adjunctive screening tool for the medical diagnosis of FASD.
Logopedia Silesiana - Phoneme Analysis Ability in Children with the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Studies on FAS children show that only twenty per cent of sixyear- olds and fifty per cent of ten-year-olds can manage the task of phoneme operations. It is a natural consequence of the problems with memorising sounds and the linear order of words.
Research in Developmental Disabilities - Self-care in caregivers of children with FASD: How do caregivers care for themselves, and what are the benefits and obstacles for doing so?
Caregivers use a variety of strategies and face significant obstacles in self-care. Confidence in self-care may be associated with lower stress and greater satisfaction in the parenting role.
motheriskinternational.com - Meconium Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters (FAEE);A Biomarker for Quantifying Fetal Alcohol Exposure
How can clinicians know if a baby was seriously exposed to alcohol in pregnancy? This is critical to diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
motheriskinternational.com - Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
I am working in a center for children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. I have heard that hyperbaric chamber treatment may improve these children’s neurobehavioral achievements. Is this true?
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Health Needs Assessment in Brazil
The results of the current study indicate that FAS and FASD are prevalent disorders in Brazil, and more policies targeting alcohol intake during pregnancy must be developed.
Frontiers in Neuroscience - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Leads to Attention Deficits in Both Male and Female Rats
We show that the binge drinking pattern of PE led to attention deficits in both sexes of rats even though no major teratogenic effects were observed. Therefore, this rodent model can be used to study neural mechanisms underlying attention deficits caused by PE and to explore effective intervention approaches for FASD.
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research - Use of Cannabis in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
In children and young adults with FASD, cannabis, mostly cannabidiol (CBD), has been associated with a marked and statistically significant improvement in serious disruptive behavior. These cases suggest that the efficacy and safety of CBD should be tested in well-controlled studies.
Neuroscience - Unisensory and Multisensory Responses in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): Effects of Spatial Congruence
While it is generally accepted that structural and functional brain deficits underlie the behavioral deficits associated with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), the degree to which these problems are expressed in sensory pathology is unknown.
Journal of Biophotonics - In vivo hemodynamic imaging of acute prenatal ethanol exposure in fetal brain by photoacoustic tomography
Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) can lead to structural and functional abnormalities in fetal brain. Although neural developmental deficits due to PEE have been recognized, the immediate effects of PEE on fetal brain vasculature and hemodynamics remain poorly understood.
International journal of Epidemiology - Evidence of detrimental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on offspring birthweight and neurodevelopment from a systematic review of quasi-experimental studies.
Systematic reviews of prenatal alcohol exposure effects generally only include conventional observational studies. However, estimates from such studies are prone to confounding and other biases.
Journal of Neuroinflammation - Immune network dysregulation associated with child neurodevelopmental delay: modulatory role of prenatal alcohol exposure
Taken together, this comprehensive assessment of immune markers allowed for the identification of unique immune milieus that are associated with alcohol exposure as well as both alcohol-related and alcohol-independent neurodevelopmental delay.
Advances in Nutrition - Docosahexaenoic Acid: Outlining the Therapeutic Nutrient Potential to Combat the Prenatal Alcohol-Induced Insults on Brain Development
This review will discuss the current evidence for the beneficial role of DHA in protecting against neuronal damage and its potential in mitigating the teratogenic effects of alcohol.
The Anatomical Record - Moderate prenatal ethanol exposure in the rat promotes kidney cell apoptosis, nephron deficits, and sex‐specific kidney dysfunction in adult offspring
Although the impact on adult kidney function was relatively minor, these data highlight that even at moderate levels, alcohol consumption during pregnancy can have deleterious long‐term outcomes and should be avoided.
Public Health Report - Paternal Involvement and Maternal Perinatal Behaviors: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2012-2015
Use of information on the AOP in addition to marital status provides a better understanding of factors that affect maternal behaviors.
J Public Health Manag Pract. - Variations by Education Status in Relationships Between Alcohol/Pregnancy Policies and Birth Outcomes and Prenatal Care Utilization: A Legal Epidemiology Study.
Effects of alcohol/pregnancy policies on birth outcomes and prenatal care use vary by education status, with women with more education typically experiencing health harms and women with less education either not experiencing the harms or experiencing health benefits.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
20 Minuten (Germany) - 2000 Kinder sind krank, weil Mutter getrunken hat
Der Kopf ist klein, die Oberlippen sind schmal und die Lidspalten sind kurz. Eine verminderte Intelligenz und starke Verhaltensauffälligkeiten sind weitere Spuren, die der Alkohol im Mutterleib beim Nachwuchs hinterlassen hat. Bis zu 425 Kinder werden pro Jahr mit einem fetalen Alkoholsyndrom (FAS) geboren, wie die «Aargauer Zeitung» schreibt.
Wochenblatt-Reporter (Germany) - Interaktive Ausstellung ZERO
Was passiert mit einem Fötus, wenn Alkohol über die Plazenta in seinem winzigen Körper ankommt?
Ticinonline (Italy) - Duemila neonati all'anno con disturbi dovuti al consumo di alcol
Hanno la testa piccola, un labbro superiore sottile e la palpebra corta. E presentano un deficit intellettivo e problemi comportamentali.

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Alcohol News - 5/2020

News-Medical.net (UK) - NHS reveals record-breaking number of alcohol-related hospital admissions
The NHS has today revealed that in 2018, a staggering 1.3million people were admitted to hospital because of alcohol, a figure that represents 7.4% of all hospital admissions across the country.
The New York Times (USA) - What Does It Mean to Have a Serious Drinking Problem?
One day in the fall of 2018, I woke up feeling wrecked. The night before I’d had beers with colleagues and wound up braying loudly to one of them about something she’d confided and what I thought she should do.
INSIDER - Drinking alcohol every day can speed up brain aging by one week per session, according to a study of more than 17,000 people
Over time, drinking a little bit more alcohol than recommended could accelerate the brain's aging process, according to a new study.
Healthline - Study Finds That No Amount of Alcohol Is Safe During Pregnancy
For expectant parents, few issues have the ability to cause controversy like consuming alcohol while pregnant. While women in the United States have been warned to avoid all alcohol during pregnancy, some research has found that small amounts of alcohol during pregnancy may be safe.
Financial Times (France) - Paris puts alcohol-free drinks at the centre of cocktail week
On Friday night, 16 people lined up around a long wooden table laden with metal shakers, buckets of ice, lemon, and other ingredients, ready to listen to a bartender give a cocktail-making class.
Bloomberg (USA) - The Dry January Conversation No One Is Having
A month of sobriety can be a valuable opportunity to examine a relationship with drinking. Unfortunately, these 31 days are one of only a few times in the year when there is national attention directed at alcohol use, even as it continues to be a significant public health issue.
TVNZ (New Zealand) - Alcohol exposure in NZ supermarkets 'like advertising candy' to children, researcher says
There's room for improvement in how alcohol is sold in New Zealand's supermarkets, including potentially moving wine and beer away from busy areas, Victoria University research suggests.
Prague Morning (Czechia) - One in Seven Czech Adults is an Alcoholic, Study Says
The average Czech drinks 14.4 liters of pure alcohol a year, which is twice as much as the global average with Czech men consuming four times more alcohol than women, according to a poll conducted by leading research agency MEDIAN for the Ministry of Health.
TheMayorEU (Brussels) - No drinking of alcohol in pedestrian zones of Brussels as of today
As of today, 1st February, drinking alcohol in the public spaces belonging to the pedestrian zone of Brussels is prohibited throughout the night. In effect between midnight and 6 a.m. the ban will be enforced for six months - until the beginning of August 2020.
The Brussels Times (Belgium) - Belgium’s alcohol-free ‘Tournée Minérale’ month starts 1 February
The fourth edition of ‘Tournée Minérale’, an initiative to go the entire month of February without alcohol, will start on Saturday.
Wall Street Journal - Booze Ads on Social Media Stir Controversy
Health concerns are sparking restrictions on advertising alcohol on billboards and television, but on social media—which transcends national borders—lax age controls and the use of influencers make booze marketing hard to police.
Yahoo Finance - Alcohol advertisements might be banned from social media
Alcohol ads stir up controversy after a study shows alcohol ads are being viewed by children under the age of 21. Yahoo Finance’s On The Move panel discusses.
Thrive Global - What Happens To A Child In An Alcoholic Family?
Last week a wonderful family called me. They were worried about their little boy. Both parents were in recovery and had grown up in alcoholic families. They were concerned about their child. He was 7 and every night he awoke with terrors of days gone by. Time was when he lived with his natural father who had been active in addiction.
Basis Online - Super Bowl swigs: Applying social practice theory to alcohol consumption
Some things just go hand in hand: peanut butter and jelly, birthdays and cake, football and beer. In fact, It’s very difficult to imagine attending a Super Bowl party that has no beer. But why is that?
Global Legal Monitor - Uruguay: Law Regulating Alcohol Consumption Enacted
On January 8, 2020, Law No. 19855 regulating the consumption of alcoholic beverages was published in Uruguay’s official gazette. The new Law aims to manage the risks and prevent the harm resulting from the “problematic consumption” of alcoholic beverages. Additionally, it adopts measures to protect and ensure the rights, comprehensive well-being, and health of people in the country.
BU School of Public Health - Little Progress on Alcohol Policy Globally
A new analysis led by a School of Public Health researcher finds that few countries have adopted effective measures to reduce alcohol consumption, and that alcohol continues as the seventh leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and the leading cause for people 15­–49 years old.
IOGT-NTO (Sweden) - Alcohol, pregnancy and infant health – a shared responsibility
Of all the lifestyle choices we make in conjunction with pregnancy, none are of greater importance to the child’s future health and development than the ones we make in relation to alcohol.
Irish Cancer Society - Cancers for which alcohol is a risk factor
Alcohol is a major risk factor for certain head and neck cancers, particularly mouth cancer, throat cancer and cancer of the larynx (voicebox).
ADF - Alcohol and bowel cancer: common companions
Alcohol causes, or increases the risk of, different cancers including breast, pancreatic, throat, mouth and bowel cancer. In Australia, it is estimated that 3,208 cancer diagnoses in 2010 were attributable to alcohol.