Monday, January 21, 2019

FASD News - 3/2019

The Times (UK) - Babies being born brain damaged by alcohol is a national emergency
There is a public health emergency looming over our country, a hidden epidemic of staggeringly damaging proportions that demands our attention. It is the damage being done to thousands of children every year before they are born through exposure to alcohol during pregnancy, so-called foetal alcohol spectrum disorders. (Canada) - Sisters living with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Skylar and Cassie More are sisters from the same birth mother who were adopted 12 years ago alongside their brother Jacob. All three children were diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, or FASD, which is estimated to affect up to four per cent of Canadians — and potentially hundreds of thousands of people in Ontario.
The News Tribune - Glass of wine while pregnant? ‘The only safe amount to drink is none,’ new study says
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy — even light drinking — is not safe for babies’ health, UW researchers found in a study of twins, siblings and fetal alcohol syndrome published in the journal Advances in Pediatric Research.
UW Medicine Newsroom - Genetic risks play part in fetal alcohol syndrome
A study of 84 twin/sibling pairs exposed to alcohol in utero shows that two fetuses exposed to identical levels of alcohol can experience strikingly different levels of neurological damage.
Narconon Colorado (USA) - An Estimated 40,000 Children Born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Every Year
Alcohol use during pregnancy is the leading preventable cause of learning disabilities, birth defects and developmental disabilities in children. The term Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) refers to the varying range of effects that can occur to an individual who was exposed to alcohol prenatally. An estimated 40,000 babies are born in the United States each year with FASD.
Psychiatry Advisor - Pregnancy Reduces the Risk for Alcohol Use Disorder Among Women and Their Partners
Pregnancy appears to be a key motivator in reducing alcohol use disorder, according to the results of a study published in the American Journal of Psychiatry.
SANDS (UK) - New NHS plan to help pregnant women quit drinking alcohol and smoking
NHS England has launched a new plan to help drinkers and smokers who are admitted to hospital to quit. More than half a million patients who smoke, including pregnant women and their partners, will be helped to stop.
Clinical Psychology Today – Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Hidden Disability
FASD is a lifelong, persistent condition caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. Research suggests a deficit in health care professional´s knowledge surrounding the symptomatology and treatment of FASD, which can result in misdiagnosis or missed-diagnosis of the condition.

FASD and The Justice System – Transforming Practices (March 5, 2019, Canada)
This session builds on the momentum of the previous 3 years of one-day FASD & the Law sessions held before the International FASD Conference

Bridge a Life BaL - The Gathering: FASD June 21, 2018
Bridge A Life's monthly training: The Gathering.
A coach or navigator approach is a new model that is now increasingly used in pediatric health care contexts. This webinar will provide an overview of what a coach is and the current evidence that exists in the use of a coach for parents of children with disabilities. Three research projects funded by CHILD-BRIGHT that use a coach model at three transition points in a child’s development will also be highlighted.
FASD Norge - ARENDAL The host of EUFASD 2020 NORWAY
Regional kompetansetjeneste for barn med medfødte russkader
RK-MR, Sørlandet sykehus Helse Sør-Øst
UW Medicine - Genetic risks play part in fetal alcohol syndrome
A study of 84 twin/sibling pairs exposed to alcohol in utero indicates there’s no safe limit of alcohol exposure for pregnant mothers.
Chris Hunter - This Is Me | Strategies - Reduce Stimulation
Part of the This Is Me - FASD Learning Program. This video demonstrates how reducing stimulation to people with FASD can help them focus better.

Advances in Pediatric Research - Twin study confirms virtually identical prenatal alcohol exposures can lead to markedly different fetal alcohol spectrum disorder outcomesfetal genetics influences fetal vulnerability
Despite virtually identical PAE, fetuses can experience vastly different FASD outcomes. Thus, to protect all fetuses, especially the most genetically vulnerable, the only safe amount to drink is none at all.
European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - The causal web of foetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a review and causal diagram
The causal diagram that we present in this review provides a comprehensive summary of causal risk factors for FASD and can be used as a tool to inform data collection and statistical modelling strategies to minimise bias in future studies of FASD.
BORA - Mental Health and care situation in school-aged children prenatally exposed to alcohol and other substances: a hospital based study
In this hospital-based population of children prenatally exposed to alcohol and other substances, the children were found to have an increased risk of mental health problems affecting their daily life functioning, when compared to a reference group.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - A therapeutic approach to learning through creative storytelling
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of a Learning Programme designed around the animation film-making process, contextualising abstract concepts to address the cognitive limitations of children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Exploring the experiences of birth mothers whose children have been diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a qualitative study
FASD is often described in the literature as being completely preventable with the implication that it is the mother’s fault because they drank alcohol during pregnancy. However, a statement like this fails to portray the complexities of the phenomenon of women drinking during pregnancy.
Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews - Alcohol exposure during embryonic development: An opportunity to conduct systematic developmental time course analyses in zebrafish
Ethanol affects numerous neurobiological processes depending upon the developmental stage at which it reaches the vertebrate embryo. Exposure time dependency may explain the variable severity and manifestation of life-long symptoms observed in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) patients.
BMC public health - Prevalence and characteristics of adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in corrections: a Canadian case ascertainment study
Findings showed disproportionately high estimated FASD prevalence in this representative sample compared to general population estimates in both Canada and the U.S. (2–5%), underscoring the need for improved FASD screening and diagnosis in correctional settings, and education for clinicians working in the justice context.
University of Manitoba - Investigating the effect of continuous ethanol exposure on differentiated neural stem cells; a study for potential FASD biomarkers
Mounting evidence suggests that PAE affects epigenetic mechanisms and alters the normal differentiation and development of neural stem cells (NSC) in fetal brain.
Genesis - Insights into retinoic acid deficiency and the induction of craniofacial malformations and microcephaly in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Research focus on characterizing the effects of retinoic acid deficiency during early development and on understanding the downstream signaling pathways involved in aberrant head and craniofacial development will reveal underlying etiologies of these disorders.
International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - Corrections and connection to the community: A diagnostic and service program for incarcerated adult men with FASD
Previous research has demonstrated that impaired social and adaptive behavior due to prenatal alcohol exposure can be associated with severe conduct disorders in adolescence, mental health concerns, school failure, employment difficulties, substance abuse, difficulty with the law, and incarceration.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Substance use, comorbid psychiatric disorders and suicide attempts in adult FASD patients
Given that the body of research literature on FASD in adulthood is sparse, even a clinical sample of thirty individuals expands knowledge on mental health and substance use in the adult FASD population.
This study is based on an unauthorized translation of Diagnostic Guide for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: The 4-Digit Diagnostic Code, Third Edition, 2004 written by Susan J. Astley, Professor of Epidemiology.
The American journal of forensic medicine - Fatal Intestinal Obstruction in a Patient With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
We describe an 8-year-old white boy with a history of fetal alcohol syndrome and pica, who was found dead on the floor by his mother. The child died from massive intestinal dilatation causing asphyxia. We discuss the potential pathogenetic mechanisms of intestinal dilation in patients with fetal alcohol syndrome.
bioRxiv - The Effects of Alcohol and Cannabinoid Exposure during the Brain Growth Spurt on Behavioral Development in Rats
Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among pregnant women. Moreover, over half of pregnant women who are consuming cannabis are also consuming alcohol; however, the consequences of combined prenatal alcohol and cannabis exposure on fetal development are not well understood.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Behaviour and adaptive functioning in children and young people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: a UK study
The purpose of this paper is to explore the profiles of behaviours and adaptive functioning in the UK children and young people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
South African Journal of Psychiatry - Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy in a general national population in South Africa
The study findings suggest links between socio-demographic and health variables and prenatal alcohol use, which may have public health policy implications.

NRZ (Germany) - Merkmale von Fetalen Alkoholspektrumsstörungen (FASD)
Kinder mit FASD können unter anderem organische Leiden, schwere Entwicklungs- und Wahrnehmungsstörungen und Hyperaktivität aufweisen.
Ärzte Zeitung (Germany) - 720.000 Euro Förderung für Prävention
Die Gesundheitsministerien von Bund und Bayern fördern das neue Kompetenzzentrum für Fetale Alkoholspektrumstörungen (FASD) in München.

Wednesday, January 16, 2019

Alcohol News - 3/2019

South China Morning Post - Alcohol on planes: is it time for a ban? Plus what to do with a drunk neighbour
On a recent Delta Air Lines flight between the US cities of Newark and Minneapolis, a passenger seated near Stephanie Wolkin downed five mini-bottles of vodka in rapid succession. (Ireland) - Government to introduce minimum alcohol pricing 'as soon as possible'
The Government plans to push ahead with plans to introduce minimum alcohol pricing in Ireland 'as soon as possible'.
ABC News (Australia) - Tough booze ban for WA's Pilbara to reduce alcohol-related violence
Western Australia's hard-drinking Pilbara mining region will be hit with tough new alcohol restrictions in a bid to crack down on alcohol-related violence and harm.
The BMJ (UK) - Why is Matt Hancock actively ruling out minimum unit pricing for alcohol?
It has been a week of mixed messages from the health secretary, Matt Hancock. In his statement to parliament on the NHS long term plan, he emphasised that at its heart is the principle that prevention is better than cure, and he highlighted the active role that the health service will take in helping people to cut their risk factors, including reducing alcohol intake.
3AW (Australia) - The “significant changes” around alcohol ads set to affect children
New research says Australian high school students are being exposed to as many as nine alcohol ads every month. And there’s particular concern around sporting events and how commercials are being integrated into stadiums and on TV.
The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - The link between alcohol ads and risky drinking in Australian teens
A study of thousands of Australian high school students over more than 10 years has found that exposure to alcohol advertising encourages them to participate in "risky drinking" behaviours.
Medical Xpress - Hundreds of genes affecting tobacco and alcohol use discovered
Tobacco and alcohol use, both genetically inheritable behaviors, influence risk for many complex diseases and disorders and are leading causes of mortality.
Bustle - How A Month Without Alcohol Can Benefit Your Health
With January almost halfway over, you may be focusing more on wellness goals, including Dry January. Of course, there are many ways a month without alcohol can benefit your health. - Study shows that even moderate alcohol consumption may increase risk of atrial fibrillation
Alcohol is ubiquitous in Western society, and rates of excessive use among adults remain high. Excessive alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF), but what are the effects of moderate and mild consumption on AF?
The Hindu (India) - State in urgent need of alcohol control policy: cancer surgeon
After waging a long battle to impose control measures on sale and use of tobacco, a cancer surgeon in the city is working towards bringing alcohol under a similar control policy in the State. - Alcohol and altitude — a potentially dangerous cocktail on airplanes
I’ve been through a host of Canadian airports and American ones, too, and while this is only my own anecdotal experience, one thing I’ve been noticing is the growing number of people who are clearly drunk — and who are not only boarded anyway, but demand, and are served, more alcohol on the plane as well. (UK) - Dangers of 'drunkorexia' revealed as people skip meals to drink alcohol
It’s something that affects as many as 40% of young Brits, yet you’ve probably never heard of ‘drunkorexia’.
World Health Organization (EU) - Every day, about 800 people in Europe die from alcohol-attributable causes
According to a recently published WHO fact sheet, Europe is still challenged by the need to reduce the burden of alcohol. Levels of alcohol consumption, and harm attributable to alcohol, remain very high – causing about 800 deaths a day.
BMC Public Health (Norway) - The handling of evidence in national and local policy making: a case study of alcohol industry actor strategies regarding data on on-premise trading hours and violence in Norway
Alcohol industry actors employed various strategies to shape perceptions and use of evidence to advance their interests. The particular strategies and arguments changed over time as new data and research became available, and also varied between the national and the local levels, and by categories of industry actors.
Xinhuanet (Bhutan) - Bhutan faces challenge of controlling alcohol abuse
Despite the government's efforts, controlling alcohol abuse still remains a major challenge in Bhutan, said a report presented at the National Council (the upper house of parliament) this week.

Wednesday, January 9, 2019

Alcohol News - 2/2019

The Northern Daily Leader (Australia) - NSW/ACT Alcohol Policy Alliance calls for tighter grog laws
A new push will be launched for earlier legal ‘last drinks’ and lockouts – like the conditions placed on licensed venues in Newcastle CBD, Sydney CBD and Kings Cross – to be rolled out across the state.
CBS Boston - Alcohol Is Harder To Handle As You Age, Expert Says
It only gets harder for adults to handle alcohol as they get older, according to an addiction medicine specialist. Aging also makes people more vulnerable to alcoholism, he says.
The Guardian - My name is Jack Monroe, and I’m an alcoholic. But now I’m recovering…
The food writer, journalist and campaigner opens up about how alcohol took over her life once fame struck. This is her mea culpa (USA) - 15 Million Americans Are Battling Alcohol Use Disorder
In fact, according to the National Institutes of Health, greater than 15 million people in the US are living with alcohol use disorder.
Newstalk ZB (New Zealand) - Health expert calls for tobacco-style tax excise for alcohol
Alcohol Healthwatch says every New Zealander would benefit from drinking less. Auckland DHB has joined 14 other health boards in calling for an overhaul of booze laws.
Psychology Today - 5 Reasons Alcohol Problems Are Especially Bad For Women
In my book, I use examples drawn from actual clients I’ve worked with. One of the clients whose story I tell, Terry (not her real name), is a wife and mother who struggles with an unhappy marriage for over a decade as her drinking escalates.
The Takeout (Qatar) - Qatar introduces 100-percent alcohol tax ahead of the 2022 World Cup
A 100-percent excise tax has been imposed on all alcohol imported into Qatar, a move that will result in an equal price increase to all “foreigners living in Qatar who have valid permits to buy alcohol,” according to a report in The New York Times.
The BMJ (UK) - NHS to set up new alcohol and tobacco services for patients admitted to hospital
The NHS will establish new dedicated alcohol and tobacco treatment services to help vulnerable problem drinkers and smokers admitted to hospitals in England.
AzerNews (Turkmenistan) - Turkmenistan limits retail sale of alcohol
The Law on Prevention of Harmful Effects of Alcohol, signed by Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov, came into force in Turkmenistan in the beginning of this year, Trend reports citing the Turkmen media.
Emerging Europe (EU) - Baltic States are EU’s biggest spenders on alcohol
Emerging European countries spend the most on alcohol, according to new figures from the European Union’s statistics department, Eurostat.
The Sun (UK) - 300 Brits a day rushed to A&E with alcohol poisoning
One of the worst days for alcohol-related admissions was when England played Sweden in the World Cup last year - with 711 footy fans needing hospital treatment.
Tech2 (Russia) - The ban on "dry alcohol" came into force in Russia
In Russia, from January 8, 2019, began to operate the rules of the law signed by President Vladimir Putin on December 27 of last year, prohibiting the production and circulation of powdered products with alcohol. In addition, the law prohibits the production of "dry alcohol" both food and non-food.
Royal College of Surgeons - Alcohol consumption can damage oral health, warn dental surgeons
As people across the UK pledge to do “Dry January” following alcohol-fuelled Christmas and New Year celebrations, a leading dental surgeon is urging individuals to limit their alcohol consumption for another important reason – their oral health.
Mail Online - Stroke warning to binge-drinkers
A stark warning about the risk of suffering a stroke caused by excessive drinking has been delivered by health campaigners.
Boston University (South Africa) - High-Risk Drinking Common in South Africa
Adults in South Africa consume more alcohol than adults in most other countries.
NZ Herald (New Zealand) - Study shows drink-driving culture still prevalent
Most New Zealanders have no issue driving to and from the bar and think it is fine to have one or two drinks before driving to another destination, a study into Kiwi drink-driving behaviour has revealed.

Sunday, January 6, 2019

FASD News - 1/2019

Women Fitness - 5 Ways Drinking Alcohol Can Affect Your Motherhood
Alcohol is a destructive substance. It has the power of ruining your life by affecting your health, relationships and finances. But the worst part is, your drinking can also affect the people closest to you.
2-minute medicine - Greater prenatal alcohol exposure trajectories linked to impaired growth and neurodevelopment
Prenatal alcohol exposure is known to cause growth and neurodevelopmental disorders in infants, but less is known about the relationship between PAE trajectory and its harmful effects.

Inebria Conference - Prevalence of Alcohol Consumption during Pregnancy and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Presented by Svetlana (Lana) Popova
MentalHealthTrust - FASD: Strength to Overcome
Adopt4LifeON - Adopt4Life Presents: FASD Webinar
In partnership with the Fetal Alcohol Resource Program (FARP), Adopt4Life is excited to present an intro to FASD, Supports and Parenting Strategies. Our speakers for this webinar are Kathryn Connors, Adopt4Life's Openness Specialist and Maude Champagne of Citizen Ottawa for FARP.
Challenged Hope - Children’s FASD Picture Book Series, and FASD Memoirs, by Barbara Studham

AAP News - Patterns of Prenatal Alcohol Use That Predict Infant Growth and Development
With these findings, we confirm that high, sustained PAE confers the highest risk for adverse infant outcomes but demonstrate that even low-to-moderate PAE continued across gestation is associated with certain deficits.
The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - Health, Social, Education, and Justice Outcomes of Manitoba First Nations Children Diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Population-Based Cohort Study of Linked Administrative Data
Young people with FASD are at risk for poor health, education, and social outcomes, but First Nations young people with FASD face comparably higher risks, particularly with child welfare and justice system involvement.
Journal of FASD Risk and Prevention - A Comparison of the Motor Skills of Young People in a Youth Detention Centre with Diagnosed Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Prenatal Alcohol Exposure, and a Reference Population
Visual motor integration and handwriting skills were often impaired in this population. Lower VMI scores were more prevalent in participants diagnosed with FASD, and therefore should be routinely assessed as part of a diagnostic assessment.
Alcoholism - Genetic Influences on the Amount of Cell Death in the Neural Tube of BXD Mice Exposed to Acute Ethanol at Mid‐Gestation
These studies demonstrate that the levels of ethanol‐induced cell death occur in strain‐ and region‐dependent manners. Novel QTLs on mouse Chr4 and Chr14 were identified that modulate the differential sensitivity to ethanol‐induced apoptosis in the embryonic brainstem.
Journal on Developmental Disabilities - "He's on the Streets, and Stealing, and Perpetuating the Cycle... and I'm Helpless": Families' Perspectives on Criminality in Adults Prenatally Exposed to Alcohol.
Despite the high rate of criminality in adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), little is known about the risk and protective factors associated with criminal behaviour in this population. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight families of adult children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) to better understand the factors that increase or decrease criminality.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Perceptions of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) at a Mental Health Outpatient Treatment Provider in Minnesota
Resulting from prenatal exposure to alcohol, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is characterized by deficits in adaptive and cognitive functioning. This disorder is typically accompanied by co-occurring disorders and conditions (e.g., mood, anxiety, psychosis, and substance use disorders).
Journal of Education, Health and Sport - ALCOHOLIC FETAL SYNDROME - A PROBLEM OF THE 21ST CENTURY?
It is estimated that in Poland about 30% of women consume alcohol in this period (also in small amounts), while in the US every year is born about 40,000 children who are diagnosed with FAS or related disorders.
Addictive Behaviors - “..that warm feeling that [alcohol] gave me was what I interpreted love would feel like..” Lived experience of excessive alcohol use and care proceedings by mothers in the family justice system in the UK
Despite excessive alcohol misuse in mothers being closely enmeshed with other issues, awareness and understanding of factors such as complex trauma, and how to support mothers with these factors, is limited, and should be considered in terms of improving research and best practice.
Cornell University - Photonic localization probe of molecular specific intranuclear structural alterations in brain cells due to fetal alcoholism via confocal microscopy
Molecular specific photonic localization is a sensitive technique to probe the structural alterations or abnormalities in a cell such as abnormalities due to alcohol or other drugs. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy by mother, or fetal alcoholism, is one of the major factors of mental retardation in children.
Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology - Alcohol Use in Pregnancy
Alcohol exposure during pregnancy results in impaired growth, stillbirth, and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. Fetal alcohol deficits are lifelong issues with no current treatment or established diagnostic or therapeutic tools to prevent and/or ameliorate some of these adverse outcomes.
The First Peoples Child & Family Review - What It Takes To Support A Loved One With FASD
This photovoice project was undertaken by the Family Advisory Committee of the Canada Fetal AlcoholSpectrum Disorder (FASD) Research Network to describe the experiences and the challenges faced bythose supporting loved ones with FASD.

Kaleva (Finland) - Alkoholi uhkaa ainakin satojen sikiöiden terveyttä
Alkoholi on merkittävin sikiön terveyttä uhkaava tekijä. Siitä huolimatta alkoholin aiheuttama FASD tunnistetaan huonosti. Suomalaistutkimuksella kerätään seurantatietoa päihteitä käyttäneiden äitien lasten elämästä. (Italy) - Sindrome feto-alcolica: come riconoscerla e tutto quello che c'è da sapere
La FAS è una sindrome che può portare a conseguenze di salute importanti per i bambini la cui mamma ha consumato alcolici nella fase della gestazione
Nordwest-Zeitung (Germany) - Alkohol im Mutterleib kann Baby lebenslang schaden
Wenn eine werdende Mutter zur Flasche greift, droht dem Ungeborenen das Fetale Alkoholsyndrom (FASD). Das kommt häufiger vor als gedacht, nicht nur bei Suchtkranken. Sabine und Stefanie Odegaard wollen diesen Menschen helfen.
W ciąży nie wolno pod żadnym pozorem spożywać alkoholu. Zmiany, jakie zachodzą w fizjologii dziecka są nieodwracalne. Mimo apeli specjalistów i rosnącej świadomości społecznej, ciągle aż sześć procent kobiet w Polsce pije w ciąży.

Wednesday, January 2, 2019

Alcohol News - 1/2019

New York Times (Qatar) - A 6-Pack of Beer for $26? Qatar Doubles the Price of Alcohol
Getting a beer has never been easy in Qatar. But buying a six-pack will now set you back at least $26, thanks to an alcohol tax that went into effect on Tuesday.
euronews (EU) - In which EU countries do households spend the most on alcohol?
The European Union’s Baltic member states spend a higher share of their household expenditure on alcohol than any other countries in the bloc, according to new data.
RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty (Turkmenistan) - Turkmenistan Enacts Strict Law On Alcohol Sales
A new law has gone into effect in Turkmenistan that will sharply limit alcohol sales in the tightly controlled Central Asian country.
Forbes - The Science Of A 'Buzz': How Alcohol (Temporarily) Excites Nerves
Alcohol is something of a paradox in that it’s able to act as both a stimulant and a sedative. Indeed, many people who have consumed alcohol have probably experienced this first hand, and in the same order — first alcohol creates a stimulated ‘buzzed’ feeling which is followed by sedation.
HealthDay - Alcohol May Be Sabotaging Your Diet
It's a fixture at New Year's parties, but it's also is a calorie guzzler -- one drink can eat up 10 percent or more of a dieter's daily allotment, depending on how fanciful the beverage is.
Ahval (Turkey) - Turkey increases alcohol tax by 13.4 percent, drops imported tobacco tax
Turkey has raised consumption taxes on alcoholic beverages by 13.48 percent in 2019, while axing taxes on imported tobacco, independent news site T24 reported. - Drinking less alcohol may help smokers quit: study
There’s a biological reason why cigarettes and alcohol go together so well, according to new research out of Oregon State University.
Inverse - "Dry January" Benefits Last More Than Just a Month, Alcohol Study Reveals
Nothing says “post-Christmas crash” like extreme lethargy, a lack of funds, and unwanted weight gain. That’s what makes Dry January such a brilliant idea: Swearing off booze for the first 31 days of 2019, British researchers reveal in a new report, successfully reverses the consequences of the holidays — and provides a handful of other benefits, to boot.
FLARE - I’m Tired of Constantly Explaining Why I Don’t Drink
I never get bored of not drinking, but I *am* completely done with my sobriety prompting so. many. damn. Questions (Russia) - 'We are new Russians': How a hard-drinking nation curbed its alcohol use
Once the holder of the dubious title of one of the world's hardest-drinking nations, Russia has fallen steadily down the list — and Eduard Grigoriev likes to think his group can claim some of the credit.
Medical Xpress - Children with poor diet drink alcohol more often in adolescence
Children with unhealthy eating habits are at a higher risk of becoming regular alcohol drinkers at too early an age, even in their early teens, a study published in the journal Public Health Nutrition shows. The association with young teens' drinking habits is stronger than with other factors, such as parents' education and income.
MedPage Today - Alcohol, Psychological Distress Tied to REM Disorder
Previously unreported links between possible REM sleep behavior disorder (pRBD) and alcohol use, and psychological distress emerged in a nationwide Canadian study, researchers reported.

Sunday, December 23, 2018

FASD News - 51/2018

The Conversation UK (UK) - The problem of drinking in pregnancy – and what to do about it
Last year, it was reported that the UK has one of the worst rates of drinking while pregnant in Europe. These figures come from a study which shows 41% of women in the UK drank alcohol during their pregnancy.
Jacobs School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences News (USA) - Study Focuses on Effects of Prenatal Alcohol and Drug Use
The National Institutes of Health is funding researchers in the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology to study the effects of drinking, smoking and marijuana use during pregnancy.
Mirage News (Australia) - Safer Communities and Generational Change: NT Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Strategy
The Territory Labor Government is investing in generational change, today releasing the Territorys first Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Strategy to prevent and reduce its devastating impacts in our community.
Glasgow Live (UK) - Women trying for a baby advised to cut the fizz out this Christmas
NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde has issued advice to couples looking to conceive - and it means cutting out those Christmas party drinks.
TimesLIVE (South Africa) - Introducing substance use and abuse in SA brain behaviour and other perspectives
Substance abuse is an enormous social problem in South Africa, as elsewhere. But in South Africa in particular, tik (crystal meth, or methamphetamine) and alcohol are devastating society, aggravating poverty and crime, and contributing to child abuse and gender violence.

AlcoholFreePregnancy - Dr. Elizabeth Barlet shares her family story and works to prevent FASD
Watch Dr. Elizabeth Barlet share her experience of having a child with FASD, and her work as an ob-gyn to prevent FASD. Visit for more information.
AlcoholFreePregnancy - Vanessa Parisi on the Obgyn's role in Preventing FASD
Visit and for more information.
PreventionInstitute1 - FASD Realities and Possibilities - the Myles Himmelreich Story
Myles Himmelreich is a young man who lives with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. He eloquently speaks about his experiences, including both his challenges and his many successes.
SENTIMENT E - Recovering Hope: FASD (Documentary)
8 women tell poignant stores about their children w/ FASD (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders) and how they’re learning effective new ways to parent.
Program Lead CAPCCPNPNetwork - Network Archive Webinar FASD Education: Dec2018
The Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder – Ontario Network of Expertise, Education Action Group is dedicated to helping educators and caregivers understand the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the learning and behaviour of children and youth in our child care and education facilities across the province.
Bridgeway Family Homes - FASD PT. 1 November 2018
Bridgeway In-Service Training with Amanda Rawn-Alton
The Marulu FASD Strategy recently launched their new book Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and complex trauma: A resource for educators.

Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy - Changes to the somatosensory barrel cortex in C57BL/6J mice at early adulthood (56 days post-natal) following prenatal alcohol exposure
Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) have impaired sensory processing skills as a result of neurodevelopmental anomalies. The somatosensory barrel field of rodent brain is a readily accessible model for studying the effects of alcohol exposure.
Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Diagnosis and management of foetal alcohol specturm disorder
Our understanding of the diagnosis and management of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), has been increasingly refined in the last 45 years: This review highlights current understanding and identifies future areas for research.
Alcoholism - Detecting neurodevelopomental effects of early‐gestation ethanol exposure: a non‐human primate model of ethanol drinking during pregnancy
This FASD model takes advantage of the similarities between humans and rhesus macaques in gestational length relative to brain development, as well as similarities in ethanol self‐administration and metabolism.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - An evidence-based training and support course for caregivers of children with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in New Zealand
A short evidence-based specialist training course for parents and caregivers with an empowerment and peer-support orientation is beneficial to parenting children with FASD.
PsyArXiv - Identifying psychosocial determinants related to alcohol consumption during pregnancy: a systematic literature review
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is an important global health problem in need of prevention. For FASD prevention it is important to understand why pregnant women engage or do not engage in drinking alcohol.
Emerald Publishing Limited - Finding answers, improving outcomes: a case study of the Canada fetal alcohol spectrum disorder research network
A case study approach was undertaken to describe the network whose main focus and purpose is specifically research related to FASD.
Northern Territory Government of Australia - Addressing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the Northern Territory – 2018-2024
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a lifelong condition which is entirely preventable, by not consuming alcohol during pregnancy. Our vision for the future is that no children are born with this preventable disability.
Read more
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are a group of health conditions caused by the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy. Alcohol use by pregnant women is a global public health issue with lifelong consequences to the baby.
Frontiers in Neurology - The Early Developmental Outcomes of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: A Review
The outcomes related to lower levels of prenatal alcohol exposure as well as outcomes in specific developmental domains, are poorly understood. Further research should aim to clarify the more subtle or less easily measurable manifestations of prenatal alcohol exposure on early development when the potential for greatest impact of interventions is highest.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Responding to FASD: what social and community service professionals do in the absence of diagnostic services and practice standards
This research expands the knowledge base for social and community service practice in contexts where FASD maybe a factor contributing to poor health and well-being outcomes for clients.
Advances in Dual Diagnosis - Stigma as a dominant discourse in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
This paper highlights the issue of FASD and stigma through identification of relevant literature and expands the conversation to offer insights into the challenging terrain that individuals with FASD must navigate.
Academic Forensic Pathology - Investigating Mechanisms of Stillbirth in the Setting of Prenatal Substance Use
More research is needed to understand the biologic mechanisms of stillbirth. Such knowledge will be foundational to understanding how to prevent and treat the adverse effects of substances during pregnancy.
Birth Defects Research - Prenatal alcohol exposure prevalence as measured by direct ethanol metabolites in meconium in a Native American tribe of the southwest
Results of this study on the prevalence of PAE in the Navajo Nation, obtained for the first time with an objective comprehensive panel of meconium biomarkers, indicate that the rates in the NBCS may be comparable to the general U.S. population and are in accord with recent U.S. national survey estimates.
Behavioural brain Research - Moderate prenatal alcohol exposure impairs performance by adult male rats in an object-place paired-associate task
Moderate PAE and SACC control rats exhibited comparable performance. The results suggest that moderate PAE rats can learn to discriminate objects, but are impaired when required to discriminate between objects on the basis of spatial location in the environment.
The International Journal of Children's Rights - Does Ireland Measure Up? Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and the Application of Protection Rights under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child
This article examines protection rights under the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 (crc) and assesses the extent to which such protection rights are afforded to prenatal children in Ireland in the context of prenatal exposure to alcohol.

Radio PiK (Poland) - By lepiej zrozumieć specyfikę dziecka z FASD
O wspieraniu dzieci z diagnozą FASD, czyli Spektrum Poalkoholowych Uszkodzeń Płodu, rozmawiali dziś specjaliści w Toruniu. Spotkanie było też okazją też okazja do podsumowania działań Centrum Diagnozy i Terapii FASD oraz czuwającego nad bardziej skuteczną i kompleksową pomocą pracownika kluczowego. (Germany) - Aufklärung über die Fetale Alkoholspektrumstörung
Die Eltern von Kindern, Jugendlichen und Erwachsenen mit FASD verbindet ein gemeinsames Thema. Das Hilfesystem versagt ihnen die notwendige Unterstützung, obwohl ihre Kinder, egal in welchem Alter, darauf Anspruch haben.
Osservatorio Malattie Rare (Italy) - Sindrome feto-alcolica, A.I.D.E.F.A.D. chiede che non sia chiuso il Centro Alcologico del Lazio
Pochi giorni fa, l'Associazione Italiana Disordini da Esposizione Fetale ad Alcol e/o Droghe (A.I.D.E.F.A.D. - APS), organizzazione che si occupa di informare l’opinione pubblica sulle disabilità e i problemi derivanti dall’uso di bevande alcoliche durante la gravidanza, ha inviato una lettera aperta ai vertici della Regione Lazio per esprimere il proprio disappunto in merito alla prevista chiusura del CRARL
Neue Westfälische (Germany) - Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft: Lisa M. wird nie sein wie andere
Hartnäckig hält sich in der Gesellschaft die Idee, ein bisschen Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft schade schon nicht. Ein fataler Irrglaube, wie das Beispiel einer Betroffenen zeigt

Wednesday, December 19, 2018

Alcohol News - 51/2018

Fortune (USA) - Trump Administration Blocks Tax Breaks for Alcohol Companies
The Trump Administration finalized a regulation Monday that limits the ability of U.S. wineries and global alcohol companies to reduce their import taxes, a move which the government says is to prevent the companies from double-dipping on tax breaks, The Wall Street Journal reports.
The Verge - Teens are turning away from cigarettes and alcohol and toward vaping
Teens are better-behaved than ever when it comes to alcohol and drugs, but seem to have turned to vaping as their vice of choice, according to results from a nationally representative survey of adolescent drug use. (Canada) - Health Canada takes steps to restrict amount of alcohol allowed in sugary premixed beverages
Health Canada is taking steps to reduce the amount of alcohol allowed in the potent, sugary, premixed drinks that the agency says are becoming a growing risk to public health, especially for young people. (Australia) - Alcohol 'largest preventable' issue in Eds
One-in-seven people in Australian emergency departments on the weekend were there because of alcohol-related harm, a new survey suggests.
The Conversation AU (Australia) - Children’s health hit for six as industry fails to regulate alcohol ads
Australia is kicking off another summer of cricket. And if watching the series is a family affair, you may be concerned with the alcohol advertisements your children are being exposed to.
Townhall (China) - Chinese Universities to Ban Alcohol
University administrators across China have taken steps to ban alcohol on the campuses of universities outright even when students are of the legal drinking age. In the communist nation, the drinking age is currently set at 18, but many argue that the law isn't enforced. (UK) - Alcohol-related hospital cases hit 1 million
MORE than one million people are admitted to hospital every year with alcohol-related problems - double that of 10 years ago.
Science News - Drinking studies muddied the waters around the safety of alcohol use
For people who enjoy an occasional cocktail, 2018 was a sobering year. Headlines delivered the news with stone-cold certainty: Alcohol — in any amount — is bad for your health. “The safest level of drinking is none,” a group of scientists concluded.
World Health Organization (EU) - Joint WHO-EU project reveals difficult truths about alcohol consumption in Europe
The “Monitoring of national policies related to alcohol consumption and harm reduction” project (MOPAC) held its final meeting in Edinburgh on 19 November, where it presented its findings, which indicate that the harm caused by alcohol is still significant, and that reducing it will require increased efforts.
EurasiaNet (Turkmenistan) - Turkmenistan opens new front on alcohol in health drive
Turkmenistan has adopted strict new rules on where and when alcohol can be sold as part of what the government says is an attempt to promote healthy living.
BradfordToday (Canada) - New mandatory alcohol screening for drivers starts today
With Part 2 of Bill C-46 coming into effect tomorrow (Dec. 18, 2018), the Ontario Provincial Police will begin to exercise new authority for investigating impaired drivers on Ontario roads.
BBC News (Scotland) - Scottish Borders public alcohol ban by-law fate in the balance
A Scottish council is being asked to decide the fate of proposed by-laws banning the consumption of alcohol in public places.
EurekAlert - Internet-based interventions can help reduce problem drinking
Internet-based interventions may be effective in curbing various patterns of adult problem drinking in both community and health care settings, according to a study published December 18 in the open-access journal PLOS Medicine by Heleen Riper of VU University in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, and colleagues.
NSW Government (Australia) - Alcohol and driving
You don’t have to be drunk to be affected by alcohol. You might feel normal but no one drives well after drinking alcohol.
The New York Times (USA) - N.I.H. to Scrutinize Private Donations to Scientific Research Projects
After halting a discredited alcohol study, officials will enforce new policies to ensure that private support does not compromise scientific integrity.
Express - Drinking too much alcohol can lead to THREE different types of cancer
DRINKING too much alcohol can have a devastating impact on the body. If you drink more than 14 units a week you are at increased risk of developing cancer.