Friday, December 2, 2016

#AVMSD: Once in a lifetime opportunity to protect child health

Europe faces a childhood obesity epidemic; up to a third of 11-year olds is overweight or obese. Youth binge drinking is widespread and causes major harm, while nearly half the European youth tried alcohol before the age of 13. Health problems starting in childhood often last a lifetime.

The current revision of the Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMSD)is the opportunity to ensure children are not exposed to the marketing of products that are damaging for their health.

A coalition of health organisations have called on the European Parliaments to minimise the exposure of young people up to the age of 18 to the promotion of these products; for a ban of alcohol and high in fat, sugar and salt similar to that imposed on tobacco; and, the possibility for countries to limit promotion by broadcasts from other countries.
Source: EU reporter

Wednesday, November 30, 2016

Alcohol News - 48/2016

Medical News Today - Alcohol: Link between liver and brain may control consumption
A hormone link between the brain and the liver may control people's alcohol consumption - depending on which version they carry of a particular gene. This could be a target for treatments that reduce the desire for alcohol in problem drinkers.
BMC Blogs Network - Worrying gaps in people’s awareness of alcohol and cancer
Published today in BMC Public Health a new study highlights worrying gaps in the UK public's awareness of cancer risks associated with alcohol. Cancer Research UK have previously presented the data from the study as a report.
Medical Xpress (Australia) - Students risking health with alcohol and energy drink mix
Young people are fuelling big nights out by drinking alcohol mixed with energy drinks to help them party through the night, according to a new Victorian government report.
The Korea Herald (South Korea) - Convenience stores become biggest seller of alcohol drinks
Convenience stores have become the largest market for selling alcohol drinks, a market report showed Wednesday, apparently due to more people choosing to drink alone or with their families.
Eleven Myanmar (Myanmar) - MPs want alcohol distilleries monitored
A proposal to oversee the sewage treatment system of alcohol distilleries was recorded by the Lower House on Tuesday. MP Aung Kyaw Kyaw Oo of Hlaing Constituency submitted the proposal which was debated by 11 Mps.
TRBusiness (Russia) - Russia’s Federal Agency calls for inflight alcohol restrictions
Russia’s Federal Air Transport Agency (FATA) held a top level round table on the growing problem of dealing with unruly passengers last week, with FATA head Alexander Neradko calling for new rules, the creation of ‘black lists’ of problem passengers and stiffer other penalties for offenders.
Healio - Telephone intervention effective for alcohol use disorder in military members
Motivational interviewing with feedback delivered over the telephone reduced drinking and alcohol dependence and increased substance use treatment rates among active-duty military with untreated alcohol use disorders.
AllAfrica.com (Uganda) - Govt Bans Sale of Alcohol in Sachets
Government has given alcohol manufacturers up to September 2017 to stop production of alcohol in sachets or face the consequences of the law, Daily Monitor has learnt.
Otago Daily Times (New Zealand) - DCC makes case for alcohol restrictions
The Dunedin City Council argued its case for alcohol restrictions after a supermarket planner claimed its policy was a ''knee-jerk'' response not based on evidence.
Knowridge Science Report - A small amount of alcohol could mean trouble for women
Drinking too much can make you feel bad the next morning, but for some women, drinking more than a moderate amount could also be very dangerous.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - Heaviest drinkers to be hit hardest by alcohol price plan
Almost 15pc of adults who drink to excess and favour the cheapest booze could be affected by the Government's plan to introduce minimum pricing, according to a new study.
Medical Xpress - Initial hospital contact for alcohol issues predicts cirrhosis
An initial hospital contact for alcohol problems is a significant predictor of alcoholic liver cirrhosis, particularly for patients 40 to 59 years and those diagnosed with harmful use or dependence, according to a study published online Nov. 16 in Hepatology.
Flanders News (Belgium) - "10 alcoholic drinks per week is enough!"
A new guideline for alcohol consumption has been released by the Association for Alcohol and Drugs Problems (VAD).

Sunday, November 27, 2016

FASD News - 47/2016

UPI.com - Blood test may spot babies at risk for fetal alcohol syndrome
A blood test on expectant mothers may help identify infants at risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), according to a new study.
GenomeWeb - Circulating Maternal MicroRNAs Distinguish Infants Affected by Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
MicroRNAs circulating in mothers' blood may predict outcomes in infants exposed prenatally to alcohol, according to a new study from researchers in the US and Ukraine.
PsychCentral.com - Best Parenting Strategies for Kids with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
A new study by researchers at the University of Rochester sheds light on how parents and caregivers of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) can best help their kids achieve to the best of their abilities, and at the same time, maintain peace at home and at school.
Parent Herald - Parenting Children With Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorders: How Important Are Pre-Emptive Strategies?
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders or FASDs are a difficult condition not just for children who have it but to their parents and guardians as well. FASDs require parenting strategies that can help children have their best chance both at home and at school.
The Science Explorer - Teenage Binge Drinking Can Affect Brain Function of Future Offspring, Study Finds
Repeated binge drinking during adolescence can affect brain functions in future generations, potentially putting offspring at risk for such conditions as depression, anxiety, and metabolic disorders, a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine study has found.
ScienceBlog.com - How thinking about behavior differently can lead to happier Fetal Alcohol Spectrum families
A new study from the University of Rochester sheds light on how parents and caregivers of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) can best help their kids, and at the same time, maintain peace at home and at school.
Parent Herald - Pregnancy And Alcohol Consumption: Learn One Essential Knowledge Every Pregnant Women Must Know
Latest research uncovers stronger relation between alcohol consumption during pregnancy and alcohol-related diseases on children. Expecting mothers are advised to heed previously understated warnings against alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Williams Lake Tribune (Canada) - Caregivers of FASD children find solace in support group
Having a support group is crucial, say two women who are raising children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the Williams Lake area.
OkotoksOnline.com (Canada) - FASD Awareness Increased During Holiday Season
The Foothills Fetal Alcohol Society is spreading the the awareness of FASD. Everything a woman eats and drinks goes to the baby during pregnancy and alcohol crosses easily into the baby’s body from the mom.
The Australian (Australia) - Scourge of drunken pregnancy leaves lifelong scars
My impression of the social malaise in Fitzroy Crossing is akin to a friend with a chronic illness who, though sick for a long time, enjoys periods of relative improvement.
Herald Sun - Educated women more likely to continue drinking alcohol throughout pregnancy, study finds
UNIVERSITY educated women, aged in their early to mid-30s and who smoke, are more likely to continue drinking alcohol throughout pregnancy.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS - 6 Things Educators and School Staff Should Know About FASD
Children and teenagers with FASD require specific supports that are unique from other developmental disabilities and conditions. Many educators and school personnel have not been trained on these specific needs. If a parent has sent you this video, they are trying to provide you with tools that can help you work more effectively with their child.
New Zealand Health - Alcohol and Pregnancy: When you Drink Alcohol So Does Your Baby
Information on the risks of drinking alcohol during pregnancy and while breastfeeding, including the risk of causing birth defects such as fetal alcohol syndrome.

RESEARCH
Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Dietary choline levels modify the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in rats
Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a range of physical and behavioral alterations; however, the outcome among children exposed to alcohol during pregnancy varies widely.
Alcohol - Long-term alterations to DNA methylation as a biomarker of prenatal alcohol exposure: From mouse models to human children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Rodent models of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) have revealed that prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) results in differential DNA cytosine methylation in the developing brain.
American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology - Cohesive Referencing Errors During Narrative Production as Clinical Evidence of Central Nervous System Abnormality in School-Aged Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Cohesive referencing errors during narrative are a viable behavioral marker of the kinds of central nervous system abnormality associated with prenatal alcohol exposure, having significant potential to become a valuable diagnostic and research tool.
Exceptionality Education International - Resilience in the Face of Adversity: Stories from Adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
This study explored the school and life experiences of four adults diagnosed with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) from an urban area in western Canada.
PURDUE UNIVERSITY - Biochemical changes in animal models of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a completely preventable disease, that has profound effects on life-long health and function of the affected individual.
Child Neuropsychology - Factors predictive of a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Neuropsychological assessment
A variety of neurodevelopmental impairments related to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnoses have been consistently documented. However, it is not clear whether such variables are predictive of a diagnosis.
Child Neuropsychology - Social perception in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Although the profile of social cognitive difficulties is well recognized in children with certain neurodevelopmental disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), this profile is not as well established in other clinical pediatric populations.
PLOS one - Plasma miRNA Profiles in Pregnant Women Predict Infant Outcomes following Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are difficult to diagnose since many heavily exposed infants, at risk for intellectual disability, do not exhibit craniofacial dysmorphology or growth deficits.
THE UNIVERSITY OF ALABAMA - The role of self-efficacy on child welfare workers' fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) training and practice
This study is a secondary data analysis of a purposeful sample of frontline child welfare workers (i.e. child protect services, foster care workers).

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Nordbayern.de (Germany) - Erlangen: Farbenfrohe Feier im Frankenhof
Auf die Torte, fertig, los!“ Ob bemalen, gestalten oder essen – das Motto am Samstag lautet: „Torte statt Worte.“ Die Jugendkunstschule Erlangen (Juks) lädt ab 13 Uhr zur großen Jubiläumsfeier in den Frankenhof ein. In 30 Jahren wurden hier Tonnen an Material verbaut, verklebt, vermalt, verfilmt, verzaubert. Teilnehmer von damals sind längst erwachsen.
Kehitysvammaliitto (Finland) - Sote-uudistus tarvitsee tuekseen laatukriteereitä
Sote-uudistus voi lisätä eri kunnissa asuvien henkilöiden yhdenvertaisuutta, kun laajan väestöpohjan maakunnat ovat yksittäisten kuntien sijasta vastuussa palvelujen järjestämisestä.

Thursday, November 24, 2016

Alcohol News - 47/2016

Holyrood.com (Scotland) - Scottish Government wins European award for its work to reduce alcohol harm
The European Reducing Alcohol Harm Award was given by Eurocare, an alliance of public health organisations from 25 European countries, in recognition of a “comprehensive range” of evidence-based policies.
AAFP News (USA) - Surgeon General Issues Landmark Report on Alcohol, Drugs
One in seven people in the United States will develop a substance use disorder at some point in their lifetime -- yet only 10 percent of them will receive treatment.
ERR News (Estonia) - New Estonian government: Excise duties on beer, wine, cider to rise
The new Estonian coalition government sworn in on Wednesday is planning to raise the beer excise duty by 65 percent to 13.7 cents per percentage by volume for a liter of beer as of July 2017, and by 166 percent from the present to 22.09 cents per percentage by volume for a liter of beer by 2020.
The Southland Times (Australia) - Surprising amount of calories in alcohol revealed
The Cancer Council Victoria has released a new analysis of popular alcoholic drinks that shows some exceed 240 calories, or 1000 kilojoules each, which is a similar amount of calories in a Mars Bar or a slice of takeaway pizza.
Wall Street Journal (UK) - Report Warns of Alcohol-Related Cancer Deaths in England
England could suffer 135,000 cancer deaths caused by alcohol consumption over the next two decades should current drinking trends continue, according to a new report published Friday.
AlterNet (USA) - Sobering Stats: Alcohol Abuse in College Far More Prevalent Than Thought
According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, we should be worrying way more about drinking in college than about drug use. Alcohol is the most widely abused drug among America’s young.
Prague Daily Monitor (Czech Republic) - About 640,000 Czechs are risky alcohol drinkers
About 640,000 Czechs over 15 drink alcohol in a risky way and may be addicted to it, and another 540,000 drink in a way that harms them, being close to risk-drinking, according to a report on the use of drugs in 2015 submitted to the government yesterday.
TASS (Russia) - Watchdog says over 9,000 die from alcohol poisoning in Russia in 2016
A total of 9,300 people died from alcohol poisoning in the first three quarters of 2016, the press service of Russia’s Federal Service for Surveillance on Consumer Rights Protection and Human Wellbeing (Rospotrebnadzor) said in a statement on Thursday.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - Alcohol: the obnoxious villain of our hospital emergency departments
More than one in 10 patients turning up at Wellington Hospital's emergency department shows signs of hazardous drinking, new research shows.
FoodNavigator-Asia.com - Social media blurs lines between alcohol and sport, researchers claim
An Australian study into how alcohol companies use sport to sell their products via social media suggests that businesses go beyond simple promotion by encouraging their audiences to create and share their own booze-boosting content.
News-Medical.net - Women more susceptible to damaging effects of alcohol, says Houston Methodist expert
Drinking too much can make you feel bad the next morning, but for some women, drinking more than a moderate amount could also be very dangerous.
The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - What is the cost to our lives of self-medicating with alcohol?
Whether it's the after-work wine-down with colleagues, the sneaky G&T to help survive the homework/dinner/bath/bed frazzle, or the blissful pop of the champagne cork at that long-planned catch-up with the girls, women are increasingly getting through life with a glass in their hand.
BBC News (Scotland) - Bid to appeal against minimum alcohol pricing to Supreme Court
The Scotch Whisky Association has applied to appeal in the UK Supreme Court against minimum pricing for alcohol in Scotland.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Ottawa updating city alcohol policy ahead of 2017 celebrations
The City of Ottawa is loosening its liquor rules to allow alcohol to be served and consumed on some streets and sidewalks in 2017, but party animals gearing up to celebrate Canada's 150th birthday shouldn't expect a lawless "Bourbon Street" bacchanal.

Wednesday, November 16, 2016

Alcohol News - 46/2016

UPI - Drinking alcohol may increase risk for prostate cancer
Drinking may raise the risk of prostate cancer, and the more men drink the greater their risk, a new analysis of 27 studies suggests.
News Medical - Preventive interventions for adolescent alcohol and drug use may need to begin in early childhood
Research from the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions suggests the approach to preventing alcohol and drug use by some adolescents should begin in early childhood.
Express.co.uk - Is YOUR eyesight failing? Drinking THIS much alcohol could cause blindness
PROLONGED and heavy drinking could have dangerous implications for eyesight an opthalmologist has warned - as it kills cells in tissue in the body.
ABC Online (Australia) - Alcohol-related crime 'costing Canberrans $12m per year' in property damage, healthcare, policing
Alcohol-related crime is costing Canberra taxpayers nearly $12 million a year, new research suggests. The Deakin University study measured a range of factors including police and court costs, healthcare bills for victims of crime, lost output and property damage.
WVLT (USA) - Surgeon General to release landmark report on alcohol, drugs and health
U.S. Surgeon General Vivek H. Murthy will release a report on substance misuse and related disorders Thursday. The report, titled "Facing Addition in America: The Surgeon General's Report on Alcohol, Drugs, and Health" is the first-ever Surgeon General report of its kind.
Washington Post - Alcohol banned from stadiums, streets at 2022 World Cup in Qatar
Beer and sports may go hand-in-hand in some parts of the world, but not Qatar, where FIFA plans to stage the 2022 World Cup. Officials in the conservative Middle Eastern country announced on Tuesday it would ban the public consumption of alcohol during the tournament, including on streets, public squares and in the stadiums.
Jakarta Post (Indonesia) - Alcohol prohibition bill stalled until 2017
A controversial alcohol prohibition bill is unlikely to be finished this year since its initiator, the United Development Party (PPP), has not gone beyond gathering perspectives from Muslim clerics and other interested parties.
BBC News (Scotland) - Half of alcohol sold in Scotland 'below minimum price'
At least half of the alcohol sold in Scotland does not meet impending minimum pricing legislation, a survey suggests.
Medical News Today - Alcohol damage to fetus measured by new blood test
The effect of alcohol on the developing fetus is difficult to predict; however, earlier interventions can help minimize the damage. Researchers from America and Ukraine have joined forces to design a blood test that might help solve this problem.
Cancer Research UK - 10 things you might not know about alcohol and cancer
It’s alcohol awareness week, so we thought we’d tackle some of the most frequently asked questions about alcohol and cancer. From working out what on earth a unit of alcohol is, to clearing up some myths about popular hangover cures, here’s what you need to know about alcohol and cancer.
dailytelegraph.com.au - Adding alcohol to depression only makes matters worse
DEPRESSION and alcohol are a very bad mix. This weekend, we seem to have a lot of serious depression, a fair bit of it, made worse by the bad decision to get intoxicated.
Business Review (Romania) - Analysis. How are alcohol brands in Romania linking their products with the hottest cultural events
Local BTL strategies seem to be coloring the cultural scene, offering promotions and surprises to those attending festivals and events across Romania.
Belfast Telegraph (Northern Ireland) - Doctors appalled by abuse of alcohol call for minimum pricing
Doctors have demanded action over the "alarmingly high" level of alcohol consumption across Northern Ireland.
Parent Herald - Adult Alcohol Abuse: Negotiating Parenting For Alcoholic Addict Parents
Alcohol abuse is seen as an easy way to heal emotional imbalances that come as a result of broken marriages. However, it is a matter of concern when it comes to children's custody. The courts and law enforcing agencies say that it is crucial to convert the time child spend with his parents as productive.
Science Daily - Teenage binge drinking can affect brain function of future offspring
Repeated binge drinking during adolescence can affect brain functions in future generations, potentially putting offspring at risk for such conditions as depression, anxiety, and metabolic disorders, a study has found.
Finland Times (Finland) - Child orgs against new alcohol law
Many organisations fighting child abuse are working to stop the process of a new legislation on alcohol.

Wednesday, November 9, 2016

Alcohol News - 45/2016

Flanders Today (Belgium) - Health minister rejects proposal to ban sale of alcohol in night shops
Federal health minister Maggie De Block has refused to accept a proposed ban on the sale of alcohol in service stations and night shops. Proponents of the measure argue it would make an important contribution to reducing alcohol abuse among young people.
Time - Alcohol Will Be Banned in Public Spaces During the 2022 Qatar World Cup
Qatari officials have banned alcohol in streets and other public places during the 2022 FIFA World Cup in the country’s capital, Doha, organizers said Tuesday. Officials in the Gulf state are also seeking alcohol bans in World Cup stadiums during the tournament.
Drug and Alcohol Review - How the alcohol industry relies on harmful use of alcohol and works to protect its profits
The alcohol industry have attempted to position themselves as collaborators in alcohol policy making as a way of influencing policies away from a focus on the drivers of the harmful use of alcohol (marketing, over availability and affordability).
BBC News - Pubs 'should reveal alcohol calories'
Pub and bar owners should provide warnings on the health dangers of alcohol or be denied a licence, a parliamentary committee has heard.
Science Daily - Stressed-out rats consume more alcohol, revealing related brain chemistry
Rodents that had been exposed to stress had a weakened alcohol-induced dopamine response and voluntarily drank more alcohol compared to controls, a new study has found. The blunted dopamine signaling to ethanol arose due to changes in the circuitry in the ventral tegmental area, the heart of the brain's reward system.
STV News (Scotland) - Daytime alcohol sale ban suggested to curb addiction
A Scottish health board has outlined radical proposals to ban shops from selling alcohol before 5pm.
NHS Shetland says curbing licensing hours would be a "big help" in tackling the country's drinking problem.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Alcohol servers should be trained to spot sexual assault, Toronto councillor says
Coun. Kristyn Wong-Tam would like bar and restaurant staff to be better trained to spot and intervene in incidents of sexual harassment and violence.
The Guardian (Scotland) - Scottish ministers ban police from searching children for alcohol
Scottish ministers have banned police from stopping and searching children for alcohol without legal cause after they found little evidence to support its use.
Travelers Today - Ban On Alcoholic Drinks Before And During Flights Receives Tremendous Support
Many have supported the control of drinking alcohol before boarding an airplane. As detailed on reports by Daily Mail, bans on drinking alcohol before flights have been applied by some airlines already such as Jet2. Jet2 has banned selling alcohol on their early morning flights.
CTV News - New data reveals alcohol's cancer toll
Comparing the cancer risk of people who drink, to that of people who do not, researchers calculated that alcohol was responsible for an estimated five per cent of all new cancer cases.
The Arctic Journal (Greenland) - Greenland settlement stops alcohol sales
High rates of alcohol consumption in one far northern settlement have led the government to declare it dry.
Interfax (Ukraine) - Ukrainian government increases minimum alcohol prices
Ukraine's Cabinet of Ministers has approved new increased minimum alcohol prices, in particular, the floor price of a half-liter bottle of vodka was increased from UAH 54.90 to UAH 69.78.
Total Croatia News (Croatia) - Croatia in the World's Top 5 for Alcohol Consumption
The Portal Daily Viz, with the help of data from the World Health Organization, created a map which is solely based on the data of alcohol consumption throughout the countries of world.
Irish Medical Times (Ireland) - Senators lobbied heavily on alcohol bill
Multinational corporations have been carrying out “extensive lobbying” of members of the Seanad on the Public Health (Alcohol) Bill 2015, according to Senator David Norris.
Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy - A narrative review of alcohol consumption as a risk factor for global burden of disease
Since the original Comparative Risk Assessment (CRA) for alcohol consumption as part of the Global Burden of Disease Study for 1990, there had been regular updates of CRAs for alcohol from the World Health Organization and/or the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.

Sunday, November 6, 2016

FASD News - 44/2016

CBC.ca (Canada) - Yukon NDP promises better mental health care, support for FASD
Yukon's NDP is promising to slash wait times for mental health care in half, within two years of forming government.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Team to develop first medication guidelines for FASD
A team of international experts at the University of Saskatchewan are meeting today to discuss developing medication guidelines for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
The Press (New Zealand) - West Coast schools struggle with the behaviour of children of P-addicted parents
Children born to P-addicted parents are turning up to school with behavioural problems and high-learning needs, stretching schools and social services, a report has found.
EurekAlert - Michael E. Charness honored for contributions to understanding alcohol's impact
Michael E. Charness, MD, professor of neurology and associate dean of veteran's affairs at Boston University School of Medicine, was recently awarded the 2016 Mark Keller Honorary Award from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA).
Bend Bulletin (USA) - New numbers prompt new warnings about drinking during pregnancy
Women’s health experts in Oregon say despite research that’s accumulated since the 1970s linking alcohol during pregnancy to birth defects, they’re still seeing evidence of the practice, and will continue their advocacy campaigns on the subject.
Read more
Adoptive Families - "The Blank Spaces"
In this personal essay, one woman describes her fears for her toddler's future based on extensive prenatal alcohol exposure — but finds she can't be angry at his birth mom.

RESEARCH
Drug and Alcohol Dependence - The continuum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in a community in South Africa: Prevalence and characteristics in a fifth sample.
Very high rates of FASD continue in this community where entrenched practices of regular binge drinking co-exist with challenging conditions for childbearing and child development in a significant portion of the population.
Am J Psychiatry - Perinatal Substance Abuse: At the Clinical Crossroads of Policy and Practice
University of Alberta - Mental Health Co-morbidity in Children and Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Children and adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) present with a
range of physical, mental, behavioral, and cognitive challenges which can result in poor longterm
outcomes.
eNeuro - Developmental ethanol exposure leads to long-term deficits in attention and its underlying prefrontal circuitry
Chronic prenatal exposure to ethanol can lead to a spectrum of teratogenic outcomes that are classified in humans as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD). One of the most prevalent and persistent neurocognitive components of FASD is attention deficits, and it is now thought that these attention deficits differ from traditional Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in their quality and response to medication.
Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): an Approach to Effective Prevention
The objective of the current contribution is to propose an evidence-based, six-step approach to develop effective programs for prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
International Journal of Nursing & Clinical Practices - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Case Study and Global Perspective on Foundations of Inter-professional and Clinical Education
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) may involve a combination of lifelong and complex behavioral effects, physical defects, and learning disabilities, in a person who was exposed to alcohol before birth.
Archive of Disease in Childhood - What can be done to lessen morbidity associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders?
Fetal alcohol syndrome and its wider spectrum of presentation fetal alcohol spectrum disorders represent a range of disorders that are sometimes difficult to recognise as they may present in a way that overlaps with other conditions.
Journal of Pregnancy and Child Health - Use of Alcohol during Pregnancy in France: Another French Paradox?
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy in human may cause Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) in the worst cases or Fetal Alcohol Effects (FAE) in the lightest cases. FAS inevitably induce growth retardation, craniofacial as well as congenital malformations and irreversible cognitive and behavioural deficits in the children whereas FAE lack malformations but are still accompanied by lifelong cognitive deficits.
The Clinical Neuropsychologist - Preschool self regulation predicts later mental health and educational achievement in very preterm and typically developing children
Early assessment of regulation in addition to behavioral screening may improve the early identification of preschool children at mental health risk.
Current Developmental Disorders Reports - The Detection of Fetal Alcohol Exposure by FAEEs Meconium Analysis
Fetal alcohol exposure can be assessed either retrospectively by directly asking mothers or reliable informants through structured interviews and screening questionnaires or actually by measuring biomarkers of alcohol consumption in pregnancy or in the perinatal phase.
Brain Science - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Affects Progenitor Cell Numbers in Olfactory Bulbs and Dentate Gyrus of Vervet Monkeys
Fetal alcohol exposure (FAE) alters hippocampal cell numbers in rodents and primates, and this may be due, in part, to a reduction in the number or migration of neuronal progenitor cells.
Genomics Data - Gene expression in the mouse brain following early pregnancy exposure to ethanol
Exposure to alcohol during early embryonic or fetal development has been linked with a variety of adverse outcomes, the most common of which are structural and functional abnormalities of the central nervous system.
The Brown University Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacology Update - New diagnosis proposed for disorder associated with prenatal alcohol exposure
While fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a well-established diagnosis, children and adolescents who do not have the syndrome but have been affected by prenatal exposure to alcohol may have brain damage resulting in impairments of neurocognition, self-regulation, and adaptive functioning, according to experts from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Onetz.de (Germany) - Ein kleiner Schluck macht doch nichts oder?!
Ein kleiner Schluck macht doch nichts, oder? Falsch. Jedes Jahr kommen allein in Deutschland rund 10 000 Kinder mit Schädigungen zur Welt, die auf den Alkoholkonsum der Mutter während der Schwangerschaft zurückzuführen sind.