Sunday, January 22, 2017

FASD News - 3/2017

EurekAlert - The global toll of fetal alcohol syndrome
Worldwide, an estimated 119,000 children are born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) each year, a new study from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) shows.
Independent Tribune (USA) - NCRC researcher makes breakthrough in fetal alcohol disorder
A North Carolina Research Campus expert and his research has been endorsed by the National Institutes for Health for work in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
TVO - How a bracelet is helping first responders understand fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
A new MedicAlert program teaches police and paramedics how to approach people with FASD — and keeps those afflicted with the disorder out of prison.
Fox17 - Drinking alcohol while pregnant causes higher risk of birth defects in babies
When one thinks about a birth defect they may not realize that there are choices individuals can make to help prevent certain conditions in their newborn children.
Miami Herald - Simple steps and newborn screenings can prevent or help treat birth defects
Each January, the March of Dimes, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other national groups come together to focus on birth defects and their prevention during National Birth Defects Prevention Month.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Department of Family Medicine and Community Health - FASD and Occupational Therapy
Marianne Gernetzke, MS, OTR/L describes what an occupational therapist is and the role of an occupational therapist in the life of a patient with FASD.
PARPA - Against FAS
Even a lowest dose of alcohol drunk by a pregnant mother can cause irreversible damage in her child resulting from tendency to negative emotions to physical damage.

RESEARCH
The Lancet Global Health - Estimation of national, regional, and global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Alcohol use during pregnancy is common in many countries and as such, FAS is a relatively prevalent alcohol-related birth defect. More effective prevention strategies targeting alcohol use during pregnancy and surveillance of FAS are urgently needed.
The European Health Psychologist - Understanding Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) refers to a spectrum of disorders caused by prenatal alcohol consumption. Alcohol consumption during pregnancy and its interference with the development of the fetus and child is complex and highly variable. However, little is known regarding which alcohol consumption patterns most strongly predict FASD.
Maternal and Child Health Journal - Challenges and Progress in Building a Comprehensive Statewide System for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Prevention in Hawai‘i
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) has been a maternal and child public health concern in Hawaiʻi for over the past decade.
Current Opinion in Psychiatry - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Africa
Alcoholism - Differential Recruitment of Brain Regions During Response Inhibition in Children Prenatally Exposed to Alcohol
Response inhibition is a distinct aspect of executive function that is frequently impaired in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Toxicological Sciences - Mechanisms involved in porcine early embryo survival following ethanol exposure
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy is still a cause of preventable birth defects and developmental disabilities. However, little is known about the impact of ethanol on preimplantation embryos and the molecular mechanisms involved.
Human Molecular Genetics - High dietary folate in pregnant mice leads to pseudo-MTHFR deficiency and altered methyl metabolism, with embryonic growth delay and short-term memory impairment in offspring
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) generates methyltetrahydrofolate for methylation reactions. Severe MTHFR deficiency results in homocystinuria and neurologic impairment.
East Carlina University - Predicting Length of Treatment Involvement for Substance Using Perinatal Women in an Integrated Inpatient Healthcare Program
Services for perinatal (pregnant and one year postpartum) women are limited, and inpatient settings where women receive substance abuse services specific to the perinatal population, although ideal, are rare in eastern North Carolina.
International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine - Prenatal Child Protection. Ethics of Pressure and Coercion in Prenatal Care for Addicted Pregnant Women
If pregnant women are unwilling or unable to assume their responsibility for the health and wellbeing of the child they are carrying, prenatal child protection becomes a societal and professional concern.
The Lancet Global Health - High global prevalence of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome indicates need for urgent action
In The Lancet Global Health, Svetlana Popova and colleagues1 report unacceptably high global prevalence rates of alcohol use in pregnancy (9·8%) and fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) (14·6 cases per 10 000 population) and estimate that each year 119 000 children are born with FAS.
Alcoholism - Differentiating the Effects of Familial Risk for Alcohol Dependence and Prenatal Exposure to Alcohol on Offspring Brain Morphology
Offspring with a family history of alcohol dependence (AD) have been shown to have altered structural and functional integrity of corticolimbic brain structures. Similarly, prenatal exposure to alcohol is associated with a variety of structural and functional brain changes.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Hamburger Abendblatt (Germany) - Jede vierte Schwangere trinkt Alkohol
Weltweit trinkt jede zehnte Frau während der Schwangerschaft Alkohol. In Europa betrifft das sogar jede vierte. Das ist das Ergebnis einer Meta-Analyse, über die Forscher jetzt im Fachmagazin "The Lancet Global Health" berichten.
Osservatorio Malattie Rare (Italy) - Sindrome feto-alcolica: in Italia prevalenza della malattia sorprendentemente alta
Secondo uno studio pubblicato su Lancet Global Health, nel mondo circa il 10% delle donne beve alcol in gravidanza, nel nostro Paese si arriva al 50%.
SPIEGEL ONLINE (Germany) - Jede vierte Schwangere in Deutschland trinkt Alkohol
Vielerorts kommen mehr Babys mit Alkoholschäden zur Welt als mit Down-Syndrom. Vor allem in Europa nehmen es Schwangere mit der Abstinenz häufig nicht so genau - und riskieren damit schwere Schäden beim Kind.
Kehitysvammaliitto (Finland) - Kehitysvammaliitto pitäisi väkevämmät alkoholijuomat Alkossa
Kehitysvammaliitto vastustaa alkoholijuomien myynnin laajentamista. Hallituksen esitysluonnoksessa alkoholilain kokonaisuudistukseksi esitetään, että entistä väkevämpiä alkoholijuomia saisi myydä jatkossa myös kaupoissa, kioskeilla ja huoltoasemilla.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

Alcohol News - 3/2017

Independent (Iceland) - Iceland knows how to stop teen substance abuse but the rest of the world isn’t listening
In Iceland, teenage smoking, drinking and drug use have been radically cut in the past 20 years. Emma Young finds out how they did it, and why other countries won’t follow suit.
International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Some 119,000 children born with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome
An estimated 119,000 children are born with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) each year, according to a new study from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) in Toronto, Canada.
Fox News - Alcohol ads should be banned from sporting events, says study
Beer and football go together like, well, beer and football. But, according to a new British study, alcohol and sports is a dangerous combination.
Psychology Today - Age-Related Mortality Associated with Alcohol Use Disorder
It is well established that people with alcohol use disorder (AUD) have a higher risk of dying early than those without this disorder.
Deutsche Welle - Why drinking alcohol makes us hungry
Ever come home from a night of drinking and desperately craved French fries or pizza? Researchers say they have found the underlying mechanism: Alcohol makes your brain think you are starving.
Hindustan Times (India) - To discourage alcohol consumption, MP govt asks shops to keep list of regular buyers
The Madhya Pradesh government has said liquor shops in the state will have to keep a list of regular customers and police stations will have names of criminals, who regularly commit excise-related crimes, in a bid to discourage alcohol consumption.
MedicalResearch.com - Cannabis Use Linked To Early Drinking and Alcohol Problems
We know that development of alcohol use disorder progresses through several stages of alcohol use, from beginning to drink, to engaging in problem drinking, and then to developing alcohol use disorder, but we don’t know whether the same factors are associated with each step in this progression.
Healio - Hospital patients with alcohol problems 10 times as likely to have alcoholic liver cirrhosis
Hospitalized patients who have alcohol problems had a significantly greater risk for developing alcoholic liver cirrhosis compared with the general population, according to the results of a Danish nationwide, registry-based, prospective cohort study.
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - Alcohol campaigners call for total ban on cut-price booze in Scotland
Alcohol campaigners have called on the Scottish Government to ban all special offers on booze in shops and supermarkets.
Express.co.uk (Scotland) - SNP to consider banning alcohol sponsorship to improve the nation's health
SPORTING events sponsored by drinks firm may soon be a thing of the past if a SNP-supporting pressure group gets its way.
Ecomony (Sweden) - Swedish Government to Outlaw Online Alcohol
The Swedish government has proposed a new law that could pass as soon as the first of January 2018. The law would effectively make it illegal for e-commerce shops to sell wine or other alcoholic beverages to Swedish consumers.
Scoop.co.nz (New Zealand) - Alcohol and drug driving most affect our sense of safety
Drivers under the influence of alcohol or drugs have the greatest impact on our perception of public safety, according to results from a national safety perception survey conducted by insurance group IAG New Zealand.
thejournal.ie (Ireland) - Ireland has the worst rates in the world for drinking during pregnancy
A GLOBAL STUDY published recently suggests that over 60% of Irish mothers drink alcohol during pregnancy.

Wednesday, January 11, 2017

Alcohol News - 2/2017

Malta Independent (Malta) - Wardens empowered to breathalyse drivers, zero alcohol limit for taxi, bus drivers –traffic law bill
A draft bill will go through its first reading in parliament tonight that is aimed towards making Malta’s roads safer for both drivers and pedestrians. Among the proposed changes, that would need to go through a parliamentary debate before being made law, is that those individuals who are paid to drive passengers – such as taxi drivers and bus drivers – have an alcohol limit of zero.
The Guardian - Alcohol advertising is aggressive and linked to youth drinking, research finds
Leading health researchers from around the world including Australia have presented the strongest evidence to date that alcohol advertising is at times aggressive and reaching children, and is associated with youth drinking.
Addiction: Special Issue: The Regulation of Alcohol Marketing: From Research to Public Health Policy
IBJ.com - Starbucks ends ‘Evenings’ alcohol program
The Seattle-based coffee chain on Tuesday is ending its “Evenings” program, which offered beer, wine and small-plate noshes in 439 U.S. stores, including as many as nine in the Indianapolis area.
The Scientist - Neural Mechanism Links Alcohol Consumption to Binge Eating
Consuming calorie-dense foods usually induces a feeling of satiety in animals. But in humans, large amounts of alcohol—the second most calorie-dense nutrient after fat—can trigger overeating.
Medical Daily - Alcohol And Memory: Drinking To Forget May Strengthen Bad Memories, Hurt Sufferers Of PTSD
Many people try to deal with unpleasant memories by drinking alcohol, but a new study has suggested that this coping mechanism doesn't work, and may actually worsen certain mental health conditions such as Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
CBS sports.com (USA) - Report: Texas fans drink most alcohol per capita in the country
According to a Wall Street Journal report, Texas fans drank the highest amount of beer-per-capita in the 2016 season, putting Longhorns fans at No. 1 in the nation in beer sales.
Irish Times (Ireland) - Self-harm with alcohol abuse rises on public holidays
Over 30 patients are treated for self-harm every day in hospitals and a third of cases involve alcohol, new research shows.
Science Daily (USA) - Ignition interlock laws reduce alcohol-involved fatal crashes
Estimated 1,250 alcohol-involved fatal crashes were prevented in 21 states where mandatory interlock laws have been implemented.
Sky News Australia (Australia) - Alcohol most concerning drug in WA
Alcohol is still the drug that causes most concern to Western Australian health professionals, prompting a new government website showing the financial and health benefits of reducing consumption.
The Times (UK) - Alcohol blamed as liver cancer quadruples
The number of people diagnosed with liver cancer in Ireland has more than quadrupled in 20 years and is set to continue rising.
Yahoo7 News (Australia) - Helping children with drug and alcohol addiction deemed 'near impossible'
At least 20 Aboriginal people were filmed fighting on Seaview Road last week, with experts warning alcohol and drug-fuelled violence is rife.

Sunday, January 8, 2017

FASD News - 1/2017

CBC.ca (Canada) - New Okanagan clinic aims to help adults with undiagnosed FASD
Organizers of a new clinic opening Thursday in Vernon, B.C., say they want to catch missed diagnoses of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in adults, including inmates at a nearby jail.
Minneapolis Star Tribune - Editorial counterpoint: Prenatal damage to brains is preventable
The editorial “ ‘Stronger brains’ start developing at birth” (Dec. 26) describes an excellent recent forum on the importance of stimulation and enrichment in the first three years of life.
Minneapolis Star Tribune - Spread the word that 'stronger brains' start developing at birth
“The number one predictor for who will be in prison at age 18 is the number of words in their vocabulary at kindergarten,” according to keynote speaker George Halvorson. Halvorson is a former Minnesota health care executive who now chairs the pioneering First 5 California commission, which promotes and supports educational development in a child’s first five years.
KBZK Bozeman News (USA) - More than gourmet dog treats: Montana business raises awareness of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Lissie's Luv Yums in Great Falls uses Treasure State ingredients to create gourmet dog biscuits for four-legged friends. But as MTN's Julianne Dellorso reports in this week's Montana Made, it provides a helping hand for humans, as well.
Daily Herald (USA) - Their Voice: Raising awareness for fetal alcohol syndrome
January is officially National Birth Defects Prevention Month. According to the Center for Disease Control, “every 4.5 minutes a baby is born with a major birth defect in the United States.”
Knowridge Science Report - Teenage binge drinking can affect brain functions in future offspring
Repeated binge drinking during adolescence can affect brain functions in future generations, potentially putting offspring at risk for such conditions as depression, anxiety, and metabolic disorders, a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine study has found.
Times Record (USA) - As more women drink, some states take action
As the holidays approach, state and local governments are gearing up for a predictable surge in drunken driving and emergency room visits related to binge drinking.
CorrectionsOne - Report: Most Ore. death row inmates suffer significant mental impairments
And executing people with intellectual disabilities is unconstitutional, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in 2002, because it amounts to cruel and unusual punishment.
FASD Families - 10 WAYS KIDS WITH FASD ARE DIFFERENT
People love to give well meaning and unsolicited advice, particularly when it comes to parenting. I’m fairly certain that folks don’t mean to be insulting or annoying when they tell me that my kids are completely normal and that I just need to relax more.
Edmonton and area Fetal Alcohol Network Society - FASD YEAR IN REVIEW 2016: OUR SACRED BREATH
I thought, for my last post of the year, it would be interesting to review FASD happenings in 2016. At first I thought I wouldn’t find much, but I found it’s been a busy year!

UPCOMING
FH Münster - Certificate course for FASD specialist - 3 April 2017 - 16 January 2018
The participants (in German) of the certificate course are to be enabled to work professionally with FASD-infected people in their own working contexts as well as to act as multipliers in their own institution and to advise other specialists and, if appropriate, relatives of patients.
Interprofessional Continuing Education - 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder - March 1-4, 2017
The 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is an advanced level conference that continues to bring together experts from multiple disciplines to share international research.
Alberta Government - Who Cares for the Caregiver? – Registration. January 19, 2017
A presenter from Caregivers Alberta will discuss how family and friends need to first identify they are a caregiver. Understanding why it’s important to be supported and the risks associated with stress is critical.
The Honor Society of Nursing, Sigma Theta Tau International - Interprofessional Collaborative Partnerships to Create Healthy Environments: Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - 17 March 2017
The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) along with Practice Implementation Centers (PICs) and Discipline Specific Workgroups (DSWs) have embarked on an interprofessional collaborative practice project to enhance professional's clinical skill sets for the prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs), by employing the expanded use of alcohol screening and brief intervention. This innovative collaboration entails work from 6 disciplines and numerous national partners.
University of Michigan - Challenges in the Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - March 28, 2017
CHGD 2017 Winter Seminar Series “The First 1,000 Days” features Drs. Sandra Jacobson and Joseph Jacobson, Wayne State University, on Tuesday, March 28, 2017. Drs. Jacobson’s presentation is entitled “Challenges in the Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.”

VIDEOS
Childbirth Classes Online - Effects of alcoholism effects of drinking alcohol while pregnant fetal alcohol syndrome
When a pregnant person drinks alcohol, some of that alcohol easily passes across the placenta to the fetus. People with this condition may have problems with their vision, hearing, memory, attention span, and abilities to learn and communicate. You can prevent fetal alcohol syndrome by avoiding alcohol during pregnancy.
The Arc of Riverside County CA - Dr. Nora Baladerian Sits Down with Arc Riverside To Discuss Advocacy for People with Disabilities
The Arc of Riverside County CA - Arc Riverside Interviews Clara Garcia, Advocate for Children with Disabilities

RESEARCH
Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology - Neuropsychological Aspects of Prevention and Intervention for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Australia
A key challenge for Australian clinicians, policy makers and researchers is to collaborate on a coordinated, national response to FASD that is data-driven and aligned with international guidelines and study protocols.
Alcoholism - Cardiac Orienting Response as an Early Indicator of Impairment in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
World Journal of Neurology - Drinking during pregnancy: Potential role of endocannabinoid signaling in fetal alcohol effects
The current discussion will touch upon some of the mechanistic explanations about the role of eCB signaling system in FASD and provide further guidance for future direction.
Scientific Reports - Pre-conception and prenatal alcohol exposure from mothers and fathers drinking and head circumference: results from the Norwegian Mother-Child Study (MoBa)
Although microcephaly is a feature of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, it is currently unknown whether low-to-moderate prenatal alcohol exposure affects head circumference. Small magnitude associations reported in observational studies are likely to be misleading due to confounding and misclassification biases.
Walden University - Referral and Treatment Settings for Pregnant Women
Drug and alcohol addiction in pregnant women is a significant public health issue. The purpose of this study was to assess drug and alcohol addiction in pregnant women and the setting in which they sought service or treatment to determine whether U.S. Census regions and race data could predict the type of addiction service or treatment that pregnant addicts chose.
Read more
Clinical research involving pregnant women - Better Safe Than Sorry: Risk, Stigma, and Research During Pregnancy
Choosing to act within a precautionary paradigm is often the smart choice for pregnant women and for healthcare practitioners and researchers who interact with them.
Technolgia Alimentaria - THE EFFECT OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION ON MATERNAL AND CORD BLOOD ELECTROLYTE AND TRACE ELEMENT LEVELS
Earlier studies demonstrated that alcoholism significantly alters electrolyte and trace element homeostasis. However, the existing data on the interplay between maternal alcohol consumption and fetal trace element status are contradictory.
Journal of Drug Issues - Is There an Association With History of Prenatal Exposure to Cocaine and Other Substances?
Research on the association between prenatal substance exposures and adaptive functioning among young adults is limited, with inconsistent conclusions. In a prospective longitudinal study of 138 urban young adults, prenatal substance exposures were identified at birth from maternal self-report, urine screens, and/or infant meconium.
Environmental Epigenetics - Perinatal maternal alcohol consumption and methylation of the dopamine receptor DRD4 in the offspring: the Triple B study
Maternal alcohol use during the perinatal period is a major public health issue, the higher ends of which are associated with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and a range of adverse health outcomes in the progeny. The underlying molecular mechanisms remain largely unknown but may include the epigenetic disruption of gene activity during development.
Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Risk-taking, locomotor activity and dopamine levels in the nucleus accumbens and medial prefrontal cortex in male rats treated prenatally with alcohol
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PA) restricted to days 8–20 of rat gestation reduces the activity of the dopaminergic neurons (DA) in the ventral tegmental area (VTA).
American Family Physician - The CDC's Recommendations to Help Prevent Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) affect an estimated 2% to 5% of children in the United States.1 Persons with FASDs have lifelong behavioral, intellectual, and physical disabilities that are solely the result of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Child's Nervous System - Prenatal alcohol–induced neuroapoptosis in rat brain cerebral cortex: protective effect of folic acid and betaine
Alcohol consumption in pregnancy may cause fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in the infant. This study aims to investigate prenatal alcohol exposure related neuroapoptosis on the cerebral cortex tissues of newborn rats and possible neuroprotective effects of betaine, folic acid, and combined therapy.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Helsinkin Sanomat (Finland) - Äiti joi odotusaikana, Eevaliisa sai elinikäiset vauriot – ”En osaa ajatella, että äiti tuhosi elämäni”
KUN äiti odotti Eevaliisaa ja tämän siskoa, hän joi. Se tuntuu Eevaliisan elämässä vielä yli 30 vuoden kuluttua. ”Kun tulee tunne – ilo, suru tai suuri innostus – yritän pysäyttää sen”, hän kuvailee.
Kölnische Rundschau (Germany) - Wenn Alkohol das Ungeborene schädigt – junge Selbsthilfegruppe in Euskirchen
Ihr Leben hatte sich Petra Eller (Namen aller Mütter und Kinder geändert) einmal ganz anders vorgestellt. Von einer glücklichen Familie hatte sie geträumt, als ihr Mann und sie, damals 28 Jahre alt, ein kleines Baby adoptierten.
Gäubote- Die Herrenberger Zeitung (Germany) - "Schlimmstenfalls reicht ein Rausch zur Unzeit"
Alkohol ist für ungeborene Kinder eines der schlimmsten Gifte, warnt Heike Schöffler. Die Affstätterin leitet eine Selbsthilfegruppe FASD Herrenberg, die sich im Herbst auch für die Öffentlichkeit geöffnet hat. Die Abkürzung FASD steht für Fetal Alkohol Spectrum Disorder - oder übersetzt - für Fetale Alkoholspektrum-Störung.
Khỏe Plus 24h (Vietnam) - Thói quen sinh hoạt của cha ảnh hưởng thế nào đến trẻ?
Theo The Paper, một nghiên cứu phát hiện việc uống rượu của người cha trước khi mang thai con cái sẽ gây những ảnh hưởng tiêu cực cho trẻ khi chào đời; người cha quá già có thể là nguyên nhân khiến trẻ mắc tâm thần phân liệt, chứng tự kỷ và nhiều rủi ro khác.
Malbork1 (Poland) - Konferencja o problemach dzieci
W Szkole Łacińskiej odbyła się konferencja zorganizowana przez Centrum Profilaktyki i Terapii Uzależnień w Malborku pod hasłem: „ Dziecko z FAS/FASD - kontekst medyczny, psychologiczny i społeczny”.

Wednesday, January 4, 2017

Alcohol News - 1/2017

Science Nordic - When alcohol ruins the holidays — and beyond
Nine adults told researchers in detail how parental drinking affected their childhood years, especially during the holidays. The problem was swept under the rug to maintain a façade of a normal, happy family, while the kids felt betrayed by other adults around them.
The Independent - Alcohol drinkers struggle to reduce intake due to their partners' encouragement, says research
Partners sabotage each other's attempts to cut down on drinking, with men worse than women, new research suggests.
ABC News (USA) - New Health Warning Links Alcohol and Heart Problems
CNN - Alcohol abuse linked to higher heart risks, study says
An estimated 10 million to 15 million Americans abuse alcohol, meaning excessive drinking negatively affects their lives. Now, research suggests a link between too much drinking and heart problems, the No. 1 cause of death worldwide.
International Business Times (Russia) - Russia Alcohol Deaths Update: Over 26K Liters Of Surrogate Booze Confiscated After Poisoning Outbreak
Motivated by a recent outbreak of alcohol poisoning cases in Siberia, officials have confiscated more than 26,000 liters of illegal alcohol in Russia, news agency TASS reported Monday.
The Institute of Cancer Research - The acceptable poison: drinking alcohol will remain a personal choice despite links to cancer
Alcohol is everywhere in modern Western society, but with growing evidence of a link to cancer, ICR PhD student Kevin Litchfield asks how long the status quo will last.
Los Angeles Times (USA) - Utah may lower the legal alcohol limit to .05% -- a first in the nation
An effort is underway in the state to lower the legal blood-alcohol concentration for driving to .05 — a first in the nation. Currently, all 50 states have a .08 cap, eschewing suggestions from the National Transportation Safety Board to redefine what constitutes drunk driving.
Irish Examiner (Ireland) - New law to fight drink-driving ‘likely’; lower alcohol limit possible
Transport Minister Shane Ross has said the spike in deaths on Irish roads last year was “calamitous”, and has said dramatic and tough new laws to stamp out drink-driving are likely.
ABC News - How Alcohol Affects the Body in Cold Weather
Popping a bottle of champagne during a New Year's Eve bash may be a tradition, but drinking in excess while ringing in 2017 can be especially dangerous in cold weather.
The Independent - When media use pictures of drunk girls in alcohol stories, we’re being misled
When the English artist William Hogarth produced his infamous engravings of prosperous “Beer Street” and chaotic “Gin Lane” in the mid-18th century, it reflected efforts to control London’s supposed gin crisis. Gin consumption had risen from very little at the beginning of the century to 19 million gallons per year by the 1750s, and many people had become alarmed.
Herald Scotland (Scotland) - Kenny MacAskill: Alcohol killed my friend. That's why I support minimum pricing
LIKE most people I’ve done the walk of shame to the bottle bank. Neighbours were in for the Bells and friends and family on Ne’erday. Significant alcohol was consumed as the debris confirmed. More than we should have, but it was a special occasion.
The Bolton News (UK) - Rise in numbers of children being suspended for drug and alcohol-related incident in schools in Bolton
THE number of children being thrown out of Bolton schools for drinking and taking drugs has more than quadrupled in just a year.
The Guardian (UK) - 'Dad was an alcoholic': MP Jonathan Ashworth urges action on drinking
Childhood memories of growing up with an alcoholic father have prompted the shadow health secretary to call for greater recognition of the damage done by excessive drinking.
Arutz Sheva (Israel) - Report: Half of Israeli high schoolers drink alcohol regularly
Roughly half of Israeli high school students drink alcohol regularly, a new study shows, while one in eight smokes cigarettes.
The Globe and Mail - Even light alcohol consumption may cause an irregular heartbeat
It’s called “holiday heart” because it happens to binge drinkers who feel a flutter or irregular heartbeat after too many cocktails at parties. But a research review suggests it can happen after just one drink.
Kathimerini (Greece) - No alcohol for drivers, say Greek coroners
Greek coroners are advising those driving during the holidays to abstain from alcohol altogether. Ahead of the New Year’s celebrations, the Hellenic Society of Forensic Medicine noted that local morgues are always filled with the bodies of young people at this time of year.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Alcohol News - 52/2016

Washington Post - For women, heavy drinking has been normalized. That’s dangerous.
The ads started popping up about a decade ago on social media. Instead of selling alcohol with sex and romance, these ads had an edgier theme: Harried mothers chugging wine to cope with everyday stress. Women embracing quart-sized bottles of whiskey, and bellying up to bars to knock back vodka shots with men.
Sky News (Australia) - Total alcohol ban issued for Coogee beach
Sydney's Coogee Beach is now an alcohol-free zone after 15 tonnes of rubbish was left to clean up on Christmas Day.
Daily Mail - Your brain on alcohol: Experts reveal what REALLY happens when you get drunk
Whether you plan to toast the New Year with champagne or liquor, every alcoholic drink will have one thing in common – the mind-altering molecule ethanol.
The Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Cricket has a dangerous relationship with alcohol
If you spent any time watching TV during the Australian summers of the late '70s or early '80s, chances are the Tooheys beer "How do ya feel?" cricket ads are seared on your memory.
The Conversation UK - When media use pictures of drunk girls in alcohol stories, we’re being misled
When the English artist William Hogarth produced his infamous engravings of prosperous “Beer Street” and chaotic “Gin Lane” in the mid-18th century, it reflected efforts to control London’s supposed gin crisis.
RT (Russia) - Most Russians want govt to raise minimum alcohol-purchase age
About three quarters of Russians would support the increase of minimum legal age of alcohol purchase from current 18 to 21 years, the state-run VTSIOM public opinion research center reports.
The Times (UK) - Middle aged in denial over alcohol and weight
The vast majority of middle-aged adults drink too much alcohol, are overweight or exercise too little, official figures show.
South African Broadcasting Corporation (South Africa) - Cape Town alcohol consumption a concern
The City of Cape Town says the amount of alcohol it has confiscated on beaches is of serious concern! More than 7000 litres of liquor has been confiscated from beach goers since the start of the festive season.
Medical News Today - Going dry for January? How reducing alcohol intake can benefit health
Do you plan to exercise more? Lose weight? Quit smoking? How about cutting down on alcohol intake? While that last question may have prompted a highly resistant shake of the head from many readers who enjoy their after-work beer or a glass of wine with dinner, there is no better time to review your alcohol intake.
Medical Daily - Alcohol And Your Eyes: 6 Ways Excessive Drinking Can Impair Your Vision
A night of heavy drinking may cause you to develop a pair of the dreaded “beer goggles,” but drinking large amounts of alcohol over a long period of time can damage a number of body parts, your eyes included.
Irish Independent (Ireland) - More than 1,000 children contact Childline on Christmas Day with alcohol abuse at home among issues
CHILDLINE got 1,040 contacts from children across Ireland on Christmas Day, the ISPCC has said, with alcohol abuse in the home one of themes rased.
The Local Spain (Spain) - Spain proposes fines for parents of underage drinkers
Spain’s new health minister has revealed that she wants to pass a law which would see parents of underage drinkers fined if they refused to take their children to special 'awareness courses' on drinking.

Monday, December 26, 2016

FASD News - 51/2016

 NEWS and ARTICLES
Healthline - The Best Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Blogs of 2016
We’ve carefully selected these blogs because they are actively working to educate, inspire, and empower their readers with frequent updates and high-quality information.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Parliament spikes FASD bill, Yukon MP and advocates disappointed
Yukon MP Larry Bagnell says he's disappointed in his fellow MPs for rejecting his bill that would allow special treatment of people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) involved in the criminal justice system.
CBC.ca (Canada) - 'I felt like I wasn't alone anymore': Edmonton child diagnosed with FASD after battle for testing
An Edmonton woman says her family has the help it needs after her niece was finally tested and diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder last month.
Whitecourt Star - Professionals warn that risk of FASD not worth it for holiday tipplers
As holiday festivities are kicking off, professionals are urging caution to those who may be pregnant, or are planning on it.
Medical Xpress (USA) - As more women drink, some states take action
Little has changed when it comes to America's alcohol problem, with one exception: substantially more women are drinking compared to a decade ago, and a higher percentage of them are binge drinking.
Newcastle Advertiser (South Africa) - Save your unborn child and abstain from liquor
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is a harsh reality, which affects babies who are born to women who drink. In an attempt to raise awareness about the syndrome, September 9 has been earmarked as Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Awareness Day.
The Washington Post - For women, heavy drinking has been normalized. That’s dangerous.
The ads started popping up about a decade ago on social media. Instead of selling alcohol with sex and romance, these ads had an edgier theme: Harried mothers chugging wine to cope with everyday stress. Women embracing quart-sized bottles of whiskey, and bellying up to bars to knock back vodka shots with men.

RESEARCH
Alcoholism - Fetal Alcohol Exposure Alters Blood Flow and Neurological Responses to Transient Cerebral Ischemia in Adult Mice
Although FASD is associated with lifelong intellectual disability, the mechanisms mediating the emergence of secondary mental health and physical disabilities are poorly understood.
Research in Developmental Disabilities - Intervention recommendations and subsequent access to services following clinical assessment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) experience multiple difficulties requiring various interventions. Researchers have called for investigation into service use with respect to clinically recommended interventions.
Alcoholism - An ERP Study of Response Inhibition in the Auditory Domain in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Previous event-related potential (ERP) studies of response inhibition in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) have used a visual Go/NoGo task to study the impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on response inhibition.
Deakin University - FASD: From isolation to inclusion in Australian schools
This research investigated pedagogical approaches required for the successful inclusion of children and young people living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
NIH - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders - From Research to Policy
Forty years ago, alcohol was not commonly recognized as a teratogen, an agent that can disrupt the development of a fetus. Today, we understand that prenatal alcohol exposure induces a variety of adverse effects on physical, neurological, and behavioral development.
JAMA - Association Between the Birth of an Infant With Major Congenital Anomalies and Subsequent Risk of Mortality in Their Mothers
Do mothers who give birth to an infant with a major congenital anomaly have an increased risk of mortality?
University of Toronto - Discontinuation Patterns of Substances of Abuse in Pregnancy in a Cohort of Women Seeking Addiction and Parenting Support: A Mixed Methods Study
Substance use during pregnancy is a major public health concern, stemming from potential physical and psychosocial harms to both the mother and child.
Handbook of Missing Persons - Pregnancy and Parenting Among Runaway and Homeless Young Women
Homeless youth face numerous challenging life circumstances, both prior to leaving home and while homeless. Examples of such difficult experiences include exceptionally high rates of pregnancy and early parenthood, particularly in comparison to their housed peers.
Alcoholism - A Comparison Among 5 Methods for the Clinical Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Despite the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and the importance of accurate identification of patients, clinical diagnosis may not be consistent across sites due to the heterogeneous nature of FASD and the characteristics of different diagnostic systems used.
Read more
Alcoholism - Letter to the Editor Regarding Coles, Gailey, Mulle, Kable, Lynch, and Jones (2016): A Comparison Among 5 Methods for the Clinical Diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum DisordersIN THIS LETTER to the Editor, I discuss a study conducted by Coles and colleagues (2016) that took on the important task of comparing the outcomes of 5 fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnostic systems when retroactively applied to the records of 1,581 patients.
Alcoholism - Response to Astley's Letter to the EditorRead more

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Hrvatska radiotelevizija (Croatia) - I povremeno konzumiranje alkohola u trudnoći opasno za fetus
Neke trudnice i dalje vjeruju da je potpuno bezopasno za vrijeme trudnoći povremeno popiti čašu alkoholnog pića, no sve je više dokaza o tome da čak i mala količina može ostaviti posljedice na fetus.
Aachener Nachrichten (Germany) - Benefizkonzert: Mehr als 1300 Euro gesammelt
Eigens aus Lingen an der Ems war die Vorsitzende des Vereins FASD Deutschland, Gisela Michalowski, nach Birgelen gekommen, um den Erlös aus dem Benefizkonzert entgegenzunehmen, das Paul und Uschi Antenbrink zugunsten des Vereins organisiert hatten.
Wochenblatt.de (Germany) - Schwangerschaft und Alkohol: Frauen mit hohem Bildungsstatus sündigen öfter
Ein Gläschen Sekt, ein Bier, Glühwein ... In der Vorweihnachtszeit gehört der Alkohol für viele dazu. Die KKH warnt vor den Folgen von Alkoholgenuss während der Schwangerschaft. Statistiken zufolge neigen gerade Frauen mit höherem Bildungs- und Sozialstatus dazu, zu sündigen.