Thursday, February 13, 2020

Alcohol News - 6/2020

ERR News (Estonia) - Study: Estonian school children drinking less alcohol
Surveys of Estonian schoolchildren show alcohol consumption increased in the 1990s, remained stable in the early 2000s and has begun to decline since 2003, a University of Tartu student's master thesis shows.
The Sydney Morning Herald - Why older women don't think the alcohol guidelines apply to them
Older women are drinking at risky levels and don’t feel the alcohol guidelines apply to them, a new study reveals. Previous research has found "risky drinking" among older Australian adults is on the rise. The new study set out to explore why.
Forbes - Alcohol Ads On Social Media Could Encourage Underage Drinking
New research has found that social media could be sending out positive messaging about alcohol use – and that increased use of social media by just one hour a day resulted in an a 0.45 unit upsurge in the frequency of alcohol consumption among teenage students in the 7th to 11th grades.
NDTV Food - Alcohol Use Disorder In Parents May Affect Brain Functioning In Children; Says Study
A new research confirmed that if the parents suffered from alcohol use disorder, it could negatively impact the children's brain transitions. - Helpful Behaviors May Increase Alcohol Abuse In Those With Previous Dependence
Past research has long established that co-dependency and enabling behaviors are detrimental, but a new study from the University of Nebraska–Lincoln suggests well-intentioned, healthy support from an intimate partner can be counterproductive when not guided by a professional counseling process.
Isle of Wight Radio (Isle of Wight) - 80 Per Cent Rise In Alcohol Related Hospital Admissions On The Isle Of Wight
The Isle of Wight has seen an 80 per cent rise in the number of people admitted to hospital due to alcohol in the last seven years.
Movendi (WHO) - WHO: Countries Request Accelerated Action on Alcohol
A decision unanimously adopted at the World Health Organization’s Executive Board meeting calls the global alcohol burden a “public health priority”. In the decision, countries request “accelerated action” on alcohol harm.
Gillings School News - Researchers find little progress on alcohol policy globally, call for stronger approach
Alcohol causes three million deaths per year worldwide. Almost ten years ago, the World Health Organization (WHO) adopted a voluntary global strategy for reducing harmful use of alcohol. However, a new analysis by researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Boston University reports that few countries have adopted effective measures to decrease alcohol consumption.
EurekAlert - Fewer liquor stores may lead to less homicide
Reducing the number of businesses in Baltimore that sell alcohol in urban residential areas may lower the homicide rate, according to new research.
Increasing taxes on specific types of alcohol and implementing policies that reduce its availability have differing effects on specific subgroups according to a new study from ARG biostatistician Meenakshi Sabina Subbaraman and colleagues.
The Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Alcohol and health: time for an overdue conversation
According to a new report from the US National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), 944 880 people aged 16 years or older in the USA died from alcohol-related causes between 1999 and 2017. During this period, the age-adjusted death rate from alcohol increased from 16·9 to 25·5 per 100 000; nearly a third of alcohol-related deaths were from liver disease.
​Cancer To​​day - Drinking After a Diagnosis
INCREASINGLY, studies point to risks posed by alcohol to people who have been diagnosed with cancer. Drinking may be associated with worsened cancer-related outcomes, such as recurrence or death, although this research is in its early stages.

Sunday, February 9, 2020

FASD News - 5/2020

EurekAlert - Self-care linked to greater confidence in parents of children with FASD
Children diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD)--caused by prenatal alcohol exposure--often face lifelong developmental, cognitive and behavioral problems.
ABC News (Australia) - Health experts warn Aussie drinking culture is causing hidden epidemic in children
Fetal alcohol specialists on the Sunshine Coast say the syndrome has become a hidden epidemic, with the number of children affected by prenatal alcohol exposure now believed to outnumber those diagnosed with autism and cerebral palsy. (Canada) - Advocates seek more support for people struggling with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Vicky Morinville's daughter has been called lazy and difficult because she was born with a disability that's largely misunderstood and hard to diagnose.
The Kingston Whig-Standard (Canada) – Wynne revives Kiwala´s fetal alcohol disorder bill
A piece of legislation championed by former Kingston and the Islands MPP Sophie Kiwala is to get a second chance at Queen’s Park. (New Zealand) - People with brain injuries, developmental issues 'over-represented' in justice system
New Zealand's justice system is not set up for the high proportion of prisoners living with brain injuries and learning difficulties, potentially keeping them in the system and hampering rehabilitation, a report has found.
Office of the Prime Minister’s Chief Science Advisor (New Zealand) - What were they thinking? A discussion paper on brain and behaviour in relation to the justice system in New Zealand
Like all good trilogies, Ian Lambie’s series of three discussion papers exploring factors that have led Aotearoa New Zealand to have a high incarceration rate has turned out to have a fourth part.
East London and West Essex Guardian Series (UK) - Study reiterates call to avoid drinking alcohol during pregnancy
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy leads to poorer cognitive functioning in children, according to scientists. (UK) - The inconvenient truth about drinking while pregnant
When I first became pregnant over ten years ago I was given a long list of health advice: don’t eat sushi, soft cheese or rare steak; don’t sleep on your back; stick to one coffee a day, and just one or two glasses of wine a week.
Edmonton and area Fetal Alcohol Network - CANFASD: LET’S TALK ABOUT FASD AND MENTAL HEALTH
Bell Let’s Talk launched in 2010 as a campaign to build understanding and catalyze action on mental health. The campaign has grown over the last 10 years and has been extremely influential in raising Canadians’ awareness of mental health.

IOGT-NTO (Sweden) - Alcohol, pregnancy and infant health – a shared responsibility
Alcohol, pregnancy and infant health – a shared responsibility, is a new report from the IOGT-NTO in collaboration with CERA at the University of Gothenburg, the Swedish Society of Nursing, the Swedish Association of General Practice and the SAFF Foundation.
American Addiction Centers - Dangers of Drinking Alcohol While Pregnant
A leading nationwide provider of substance abuse treatment, American Addiction Centers treats clients struggling with drug addiction, alcohol addiction, and mental health/behavioral health issues.
Concept Clear - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome | Risks, Pathology, Clinical Presentation and Treatment
In this lecture, we discuss the Risks, Pathology, Clinical Presentation and Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
Susan Wendel – FASD
Please complete a short evaluation after viewing the video.

The Lancet. Neurology - Diagnosis, epidemiology, assessment, pathophysiology, and management of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) frequently causes neurodevelopmental disorder, yet fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are often undiagnosed. Global prevalence rates of 0.77% for FASD and European / North American rates of 2–5% highlight the need for neurologists to engage in identification, assessment, and treatment of this preventable disorder.
Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability - Preliminary psychometric analysis of a neurobehavioural screening tool for foetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Results provide preliminary evidence that the NBST has adequate psychometric properties and may be a useful adjunctive screening tool for the medical diagnosis of FASD.
Logopedia Silesiana - Phoneme Analysis Ability in Children with the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Studies on FAS children show that only twenty per cent of sixyear- olds and fifty per cent of ten-year-olds can manage the task of phoneme operations. It is a natural consequence of the problems with memorising sounds and the linear order of words.
Research in Developmental Disabilities - Self-care in caregivers of children with FASD: How do caregivers care for themselves, and what are the benefits and obstacles for doing so?
Caregivers use a variety of strategies and face significant obstacles in self-care. Confidence in self-care may be associated with lower stress and greater satisfaction in the parenting role. - Meconium Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters (FAEE);A Biomarker for Quantifying Fetal Alcohol Exposure
How can clinicians know if a baby was seriously exposed to alcohol in pregnancy? This is critical to diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). - Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
I am working in a center for children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. I have heard that hyperbaric chamber treatment may improve these children’s neurobehavioral achievements. Is this true?
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Health Needs Assessment in Brazil
The results of the current study indicate that FAS and FASD are prevalent disorders in Brazil, and more policies targeting alcohol intake during pregnancy must be developed.
Frontiers in Neuroscience - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Leads to Attention Deficits in Both Male and Female Rats
We show that the binge drinking pattern of PE led to attention deficits in both sexes of rats even though no major teratogenic effects were observed. Therefore, this rodent model can be used to study neural mechanisms underlying attention deficits caused by PE and to explore effective intervention approaches for FASD.
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research - Use of Cannabis in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
In children and young adults with FASD, cannabis, mostly cannabidiol (CBD), has been associated with a marked and statistically significant improvement in serious disruptive behavior. These cases suggest that the efficacy and safety of CBD should be tested in well-controlled studies.
Neuroscience - Unisensory and Multisensory Responses in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): Effects of Spatial Congruence
While it is generally accepted that structural and functional brain deficits underlie the behavioral deficits associated with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), the degree to which these problems are expressed in sensory pathology is unknown.
Journal of Biophotonics - In vivo hemodynamic imaging of acute prenatal ethanol exposure in fetal brain by photoacoustic tomography
Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) can lead to structural and functional abnormalities in fetal brain. Although neural developmental deficits due to PEE have been recognized, the immediate effects of PEE on fetal brain vasculature and hemodynamics remain poorly understood.
International journal of Epidemiology - Evidence of detrimental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on offspring birthweight and neurodevelopment from a systematic review of quasi-experimental studies.
Systematic reviews of prenatal alcohol exposure effects generally only include conventional observational studies. However, estimates from such studies are prone to confounding and other biases.
Journal of Neuroinflammation - Immune network dysregulation associated with child neurodevelopmental delay: modulatory role of prenatal alcohol exposure
Taken together, this comprehensive assessment of immune markers allowed for the identification of unique immune milieus that are associated with alcohol exposure as well as both alcohol-related and alcohol-independent neurodevelopmental delay.
Advances in Nutrition - Docosahexaenoic Acid: Outlining the Therapeutic Nutrient Potential to Combat the Prenatal Alcohol-Induced Insults on Brain Development
This review will discuss the current evidence for the beneficial role of DHA in protecting against neuronal damage and its potential in mitigating the teratogenic effects of alcohol.
The Anatomical Record - Moderate prenatal ethanol exposure in the rat promotes kidney cell apoptosis, nephron deficits, and sex‐specific kidney dysfunction in adult offspring
Although the impact on adult kidney function was relatively minor, these data highlight that even at moderate levels, alcohol consumption during pregnancy can have deleterious long‐term outcomes and should be avoided.
Public Health Report - Paternal Involvement and Maternal Perinatal Behaviors: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2012-2015
Use of information on the AOP in addition to marital status provides a better understanding of factors that affect maternal behaviors.
J Public Health Manag Pract. - Variations by Education Status in Relationships Between Alcohol/Pregnancy Policies and Birth Outcomes and Prenatal Care Utilization: A Legal Epidemiology Study.
Effects of alcohol/pregnancy policies on birth outcomes and prenatal care use vary by education status, with women with more education typically experiencing health harms and women with less education either not experiencing the harms or experiencing health benefits.

20 Minuten (Germany) - 2000 Kinder sind krank, weil Mutter getrunken hat
Der Kopf ist klein, die Oberlippen sind schmal und die Lidspalten sind kurz. Eine verminderte Intelligenz und starke Verhaltensauffälligkeiten sind weitere Spuren, die der Alkohol im Mutterleib beim Nachwuchs hinterlassen hat. Bis zu 425 Kinder werden pro Jahr mit einem fetalen Alkoholsyndrom (FAS) geboren, wie die «Aargauer Zeitung» schreibt.
Wochenblatt-Reporter (Germany) - Interaktive Ausstellung ZERO
Was passiert mit einem Fötus, wenn Alkohol über die Plazenta in seinem winzigen Körper ankommt?
Ticinonline (Italy) - Duemila neonati all'anno con disturbi dovuti al consumo di alcol
Hanno la testa piccola, un labbro superiore sottile e la palpebra corta. E presentano un deficit intellettivo e problemi comportamentali.

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Alcohol News - 5/2020 (UK) - NHS reveals record-breaking number of alcohol-related hospital admissions
The NHS has today revealed that in 2018, a staggering 1.3million people were admitted to hospital because of alcohol, a figure that represents 7.4% of all hospital admissions across the country.
The New York Times (USA) - What Does It Mean to Have a Serious Drinking Problem?
One day in the fall of 2018, I woke up feeling wrecked. The night before I’d had beers with colleagues and wound up braying loudly to one of them about something she’d confided and what I thought she should do.
INSIDER - Drinking alcohol every day can speed up brain aging by one week per session, according to a study of more than 17,000 people
Over time, drinking a little bit more alcohol than recommended could accelerate the brain's aging process, according to a new study.
Healthline - Study Finds That No Amount of Alcohol Is Safe During Pregnancy
For expectant parents, few issues have the ability to cause controversy like consuming alcohol while pregnant. While women in the United States have been warned to avoid all alcohol during pregnancy, some research has found that small amounts of alcohol during pregnancy may be safe.
Financial Times (France) - Paris puts alcohol-free drinks at the centre of cocktail week
On Friday night, 16 people lined up around a long wooden table laden with metal shakers, buckets of ice, lemon, and other ingredients, ready to listen to a bartender give a cocktail-making class.
Bloomberg (USA) - The Dry January Conversation No One Is Having
A month of sobriety can be a valuable opportunity to examine a relationship with drinking. Unfortunately, these 31 days are one of only a few times in the year when there is national attention directed at alcohol use, even as it continues to be a significant public health issue.
TVNZ (New Zealand) - Alcohol exposure in NZ supermarkets 'like advertising candy' to children, researcher says
There's room for improvement in how alcohol is sold in New Zealand's supermarkets, including potentially moving wine and beer away from busy areas, Victoria University research suggests.
Prague Morning (Czechia) - One in Seven Czech Adults is an Alcoholic, Study Says
The average Czech drinks 14.4 liters of pure alcohol a year, which is twice as much as the global average with Czech men consuming four times more alcohol than women, according to a poll conducted by leading research agency MEDIAN for the Ministry of Health.
TheMayorEU (Brussels) - No drinking of alcohol in pedestrian zones of Brussels as of today
As of today, 1st February, drinking alcohol in the public spaces belonging to the pedestrian zone of Brussels is prohibited throughout the night. In effect between midnight and 6 a.m. the ban will be enforced for six months - until the beginning of August 2020.
The Brussels Times (Belgium) - Belgium’s alcohol-free ‘Tournée Minérale’ month starts 1 February
The fourth edition of ‘Tournée Minérale’, an initiative to go the entire month of February without alcohol, will start on Saturday.
Wall Street Journal - Booze Ads on Social Media Stir Controversy
Health concerns are sparking restrictions on advertising alcohol on billboards and television, but on social media—which transcends national borders—lax age controls and the use of influencers make booze marketing hard to police.
Yahoo Finance - Alcohol advertisements might be banned from social media
Alcohol ads stir up controversy after a study shows alcohol ads are being viewed by children under the age of 21. Yahoo Finance’s On The Move panel discusses.
Thrive Global - What Happens To A Child In An Alcoholic Family?
Last week a wonderful family called me. They were worried about their little boy. Both parents were in recovery and had grown up in alcoholic families. They were concerned about their child. He was 7 and every night he awoke with terrors of days gone by. Time was when he lived with his natural father who had been active in addiction.
Basis Online - Super Bowl swigs: Applying social practice theory to alcohol consumption
Some things just go hand in hand: peanut butter and jelly, birthdays and cake, football and beer. In fact, It’s very difficult to imagine attending a Super Bowl party that has no beer. But why is that?
Global Legal Monitor - Uruguay: Law Regulating Alcohol Consumption Enacted
On January 8, 2020, Law No. 19855 regulating the consumption of alcoholic beverages was published in Uruguay’s official gazette. The new Law aims to manage the risks and prevent the harm resulting from the “problematic consumption” of alcoholic beverages. Additionally, it adopts measures to protect and ensure the rights, comprehensive well-being, and health of people in the country.
BU School of Public Health - Little Progress on Alcohol Policy Globally
A new analysis led by a School of Public Health researcher finds that few countries have adopted effective measures to reduce alcohol consumption, and that alcohol continues as the seventh leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and the leading cause for people 15­–49 years old.
IOGT-NTO (Sweden) - Alcohol, pregnancy and infant health – a shared responsibility
Of all the lifestyle choices we make in conjunction with pregnancy, none are of greater importance to the child’s future health and development than the ones we make in relation to alcohol.
Irish Cancer Society - Cancers for which alcohol is a risk factor
Alcohol is a major risk factor for certain head and neck cancers, particularly mouth cancer, throat cancer and cancer of the larynx (voicebox).
ADF - Alcohol and bowel cancer: common companions
Alcohol causes, or increases the risk of, different cancers including breast, pancreatic, throat, mouth and bowel cancer. In Australia, it is estimated that 3,208 cancer diagnoses in 2010 were attributable to alcohol.

Thursday, January 30, 2020

Alcohol News - 4/2020

Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can lead to low birth weight and poor cognitive function, according to scientists.
BBC News (Scotland) - Alcohol off-sales fall in first year of minimum pricing
The amount of alcohol sold in Scotland's shops fell during the first year of minimum pricing but sales increased south of the border.
Medical Xpress - Making cancer risks clear boosts public support for higher alcohol prices
People who learn alcohol is a carcinogen—fewer than 25 percent of Canadians who consume alcohol are aware it can cause cancer—are almost two times more likely to support policies that raise the price of beer, wine and spirits.
Nursing Times (UK) - Reversal of alcohol duty cuts ‘would fund 40,000 nurses’
A group of leading health and care organisations has written to the chancellor calling for an increase in alcohol duty to help pay for more nurses and other key services.
New research may uncover key predictors for the combination of major depressive disorder and alcohol use dependence—information that could aid in both prevention and treatment.
Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Beyond Dry January: Is it time to reassess our relationship with alcohol in the longer term?
Many of us entered 2020 promising to give up alcohol for a month and, if you’ve stuck with it, steering clear of booze for that long can feel like a huge achievement. But will you be breathing a sigh of relief and hitting the bar hard in February? Or has a month off given you a slightly different outlook? (Luxembourg) - STRATEGY TO REDUCE ALCOHOL ABUSE TARGETS YOUNGSTERS
The government’s national action plan to tackle the misuse of alcohol has been approved by the Council of State.
The Australian (Australia) - Breaking free from alcohol, our most dangerous drug
Yesterday, on Australia Day, I was sober for 50 years. Since I stopped drinking and drugging on January 26, 1970, Alcoholics Anonymous has continued to teach me that for an alcoholic one drink is too many and 100 is not enough.
CapeTalk (South Africa) - New law on 0% blood-alcohol limit for drivers to be strictly enforced, says FARR
Zero-tolerance for drunk drivers is the way to go, says the Foundation for Alcohol Related Research. The Foundation for Alcohol Related Research (FARR) says it supports the incoming law taking a zero-tolerance approach to drunk driving.
YLE News (Finland) - Can "Dry January" help quench Finland's thirst for alcohol?
Many people in Finland are wrapping up a month of abstinence from alcohol, known as “tipaton tammikuu” or Dry January in English. Annika Eloranta of the Network for Preventive Substance Abuse Work (EPT) told All Points North that Finns drink 10.4 litres of hard liquor per person each year, a number that was declining but has bubbled up slightly in recent years.
TASS (Russia) - Aeroflot to return alcoholic beverages in economy class flights
Russia's Aeroflot will return alcoholic beverages in economy class flights starting February 1, the company told TASS on Thursday.
UrduPoint (Russia) - Nearly Third Of Crimes In Russia Committed Under Alcohol Influence – Statistics
Almost one in three offenses in Russia were committed last year under the influence of spirits, official figures published Monday by the Interior Ministry showed.

Thursday, January 23, 2020

Alcohol News - 3/2020

BBC News (Scotland) - 'More research needed' on underage drinkers and minimum pricing
NHS experts have said more research is needed into how minimum pricing for alcohol is affecting underage drinking.
BBC News (UK) - Call to tax 'hidden' sugar in pre-mixed alcoholic drinks
Many "ready to drink" pre-mixed spirits are packed with excessive sugar and hidden calories and should be subject to a sugar tax like fizzy drinks, health experts say.
YLE News (Finland) - Can "Dry January" help quench Finland's thirst for alcohol?
Many people in Finland are wrapping up a month of abstinence from alcohol, known as “tipaton tammikuu” or Dry January in English. Annika Eloranta of the Network for Preventive Substance Abuse Work (EPT) told All Points North that Finns drink 10.4 litres of hard liquor per person each year, a number that was declining but has bubbled up slightly in recent years.
94.5 PST (USA) - 1 in 3 New Jerseyans Lie About Their Alcohol Consumption
Let's be real, some of the questions that get asked at the doctor’s offices are on another level. Sometimes filling out the forms at the doctor's office can make you feel like a complete alcoholic but really you are just living your best life. (Canada) - Alcohol involved in almost half of snowmobile fatalities over the past decade
The Ontario Provincial Police has released a report in conjunction with Snowmobile Safety Week, indicating that over the past 10 snowmobile seasons they have investigated 175 snowmobile fatalities.
BBC News (Spain) - Spain's Magaluf and Ibiza crack down on alcohol-fuelled holidays
Spain's Balearic Islands have passed a law banning pub crawls and happy hours in three popular tourist destinations in a bid to crack down on alcohol-fuelled holidays.
RACGP (Australia) - Alcohol use stable, decline in smoking rates: AIHW
According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) findings, the apparent consumption of alcohol in 2017–18 is equivalent to an average of 2.72 standard drinks per day per consumer of alcohol aged 15 and over – an increase of just 0.02 since 2016–17.
EurekAlert - Combined prenatal smoking and drinking greatly increases SIDS risk
Children born to mothers who both drank and smoked beyond the first trimester of pregnancy have a 12-fold increased risk for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) compared to those unexposed or only exposed in the first trimester of pregnancy, according to a new study supported by the National Institutes of Health.
Psychiatry Advisor - Alcohol Consumption Worsens Global Burden of Disease
Study results published in Lancet Public Health underscores the significant worldwide burden of disease attributable to alcohol. Alcohol-attributable death rates were highest in Eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, and countries with low human development indices (HDIs). Across countries, alcohol use disproportionately affected young people and men.
Technology Networks - How Alcohol Addiction – and Abstinence – Remodel the Brain
Employing advanced technologies that allow whole brain imaging at single-cell resolution, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine report that in an alcohol-dependent mouse model, the rodent brain's functional architecture is substantially remodeled.
IAS (UK) - Young risky drinkers: overrepresented as victims and perpetrators of alcohol's harms to others
Adverse outcomes from drinking are borne not only by individual drinkers, but by their families, friends, and the broader community. Alcohol related harms are pervasive – they include everyday problems such having to clean up vomit on the streets, or having to pick up the slack of a work colleague who is hung over.
Baltic Times (Latvia) - Finance Ministry proposes to raise excise tax on alcohol gradually
The Finance Ministry proposes to raise the excise tax rate on alcohol gradually, said Finance Minister Janis Reirs' aide Ints Dalderis (New Unity) in an interview with the Latvian public radio today.
Independent (UK) - Almost three quarters of drinkers unaware of links between alcohol and cancer, poll claims
Almost three quarters of drinkers don’t know that any amount of alcohol can increase the risk of developing cancer, according to research.

Sunday, January 19, 2020

FASD News - 2/2020 (Canada) - As demand explodes, Manitoba's new FASD court expands to meet need
Manitoba's court designed to help offenders with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is tripling the number of hearings for adults to deal with skyrocketing demand for the unique hearings they began offering less than a year ago.
MD Linx - Ophthalmological findings in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders – A cohort study from childhood to adulthood
In this prospective cohort study, researchers ascertained if ophthalmological findings in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) continue into young adulthood.
Statesman Journal (USA) - Effect of new law: Former Salem death row inmate gets life sentence for prison murder
The report said Agee has a psychotic disorder, suffers from partial fetal alcohol syndrome and has brain defects, a low IQ and the adaptive functioning equivalent to that of a 7-year-old child.
Science Daily - Real risks associated with cannabis exposure during pregnancy
A new study has definitively shown that regular exposure to THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, during pregnancy has significant impact on placental and fetal development.
KFYR-TV (USA) - Birth Defects Prevention Month
January is Birth Defects Prevention Month and the North Dakota Department of Health is Partnering with organizations like March of Dimes and the National Birth Defects Prevention Network to give mothers information about how to prevent birth defects.
MD Linx - Identification of alcohol risk drinking behaviour in pregnancy using a web-based questionnaire: Large-scale implementation in antenatal care
Researchers investigated the feasibility of a web-based questionnaire when gathering information on alcohol consumption in pregnancy to recognize women with risk drinking behavior.
Manistee News Advocate - MDHHS offers tips during National Birth Defects Prevention Month
Every 4.5 minutes a baby is born with a birth defect in the United States. That’s why the Michigan Department of Health and Human Services (MDHHS) is joining with leading prenatal health experts from the National Birth Defects Prevention Network, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American Academy of Pediatrics, March of Dimes, Society for Birth Defects Research and Prevention and MotherToBaby this month to increase awareness of five critical tips to reduce the chances of having a baby with a birth defect.
The Star (UK) - Over 100 Sheffield babies born to mothers with alcohol or drug addictions
There were 128 babies born to mothers currently in treatment for drug or alcohol misuse; with ongoing problematic or dependent drug or alcohol use during pregnancy or where there was suspicion of drug use such as street sex workers.
Washingtonian (USA) - My Nine-Month Quest for a Decent Zero-Proof Cocktail
It seemed I couldn’t have timed my pregnancy better last year—at least when it came to hitting bars. Booze-free drinks not only had suddenly become socially acceptable but were actually cool among the bar cognoscenti.
The Chronicle of Social Change - The 10 Commandments of Working with Youth Impacted by Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
According to the Center for Disease Control, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) impact between 2 to 5 percent of the general population in the United States. When working with children who have come from homes where parents abuse alcohol and other drugs, the prevalence rates are going to be significantly higher.
FASD: Learning with Hope - Shining a Light on Our Loved One’s Interests When Parenting a Person with FASD
When our son was little he would obsess over light switches. Once he was tall enough, he would ‘play’ with the light switches, turning lights on and off and on and off and on and off.
engnews24h - Alcohol in pregnancy • Consequences also in the first weeks
Alcohol harms the unborn child in the womb. Even small amounts can have negative consequences for the child. Pregnant women should therefore completely avoid beer, wine, sparkling wine or high-proof alcohol – in every phase of pregnancy. Alcohol is also hidden in some foods.

EUFASD - Research conference from 14th to 16th September 2020 (Arendal, Norway)

The call for Abstracts is now open
Digital Journal - Janet Wagner to Give a Webinar Presentation on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome to the CJJA (January 24, 2020)
Experienced banking attorney, Janet Wagner, takes her child health advocacy to the Council of Juvenile Justice Administrators as she gives a webinar presentation on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and how persons living with FAS can be helped.
Mercy Services - Working with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) - Train it Forward and/or Strategies & Sensory Training (10 March - 11 March, 2020; Fort Scratchley, Australia)
The Making FASD History in Newcastle Project is offering Working with FASD training over two days.
Quinte Children's Treatment Centre And Rebound Child & Youth Services - FASD Donna Debolt (10 February 2020; Quinte West, Canada)
We are excited to welcome Donna Debolt! Donna is a social worker in private practice who translated her 30 years with Child Protection into working as an outspoken advocate for children and adults who have lifelong risks for health, development, learning and functional difficulties associated with prenatal exposure to alcohol.
FASD Greater Manchester - NOFAS-UK FASD STRATEGIES WORKSHOP (January 21, 2020; Cheadle, United Kingdom)
FASD are hosting a free workshop run by Sandra Butcher, Chief Executive of NOFAS-UK and Jan Griffin, advisor to NOFAS-UK and member of the UK and EU Birth Mothers Network-FASD.
The FASD and the Brain-Based Approach workshop introduces a neurobehavioral approach to living with, caring for, and working with individuals and families impacted by FASD.
Diakonie Michaelshoven - Fortbildung „Umgang mit FASD“ in Köln (10.06.2020; Cologne, Germany)
The training gives a basic introduction to the topic of FASD. “Pedagogical guides” are introduced through everyday life and tested together. It is very important to maintain and change the care strategy.
The University of British Columbia - 9th International Research Conference on Adolescents and Adults with FASD (April 22-25, 2020; Vancouver, Canada)
Continuing on the work of eight previous conferences, there remains a clear need to examine relevant global research, programs and policies. What can we learn from practice based evidence? What does existing or emerging research tell us?

Mission Health - Why Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Is Critical
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term used to describe the range of effects that can occur in an individual who was prenatally exposed to alcohol. FASD is not a clinical diagnosis, rather a term that includes a group of developmental disorders resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure.
Nehemiah Koroma - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Video Presentation
Al Coates - Podcast Special - Adoption UK Scotland's FASD Hub
In the podcast Aily Brown the FASD lead co hosts with Scott and they introduce the Hub and the work that is undertaken. Scott also takes time to speak to a few professional and parents(Jessica, Judith and Jen) that have roles in the hub as well as a parent (Gemma) that has received support through the services that the Hub provides.
Susan Campbell - 3rd Annual Eastern Ontario FASD Symposium: Keynote Myles Himmelreich
Susan Campbell - 3rd Annual Eastern Ontario FASD Symposium: THE COMPLEX RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN FASD & JUSTICE
Susan Campbell - 3rd Annual FASD Symposium: TRANSITIONING INTO ADULTHOOD WITH
Susan Campbell - 3rd Annual FASD Symposium: NAVIGATING THE SCHOOL SYSTEM
The FASD Success Show - Maggie May Amazing Adult with FASD
Meet Maggie May. Maggie is a young adult with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. In her day-to-day life, Maggie wears many hats - she is a helper, a student, a speaker and moderator of a Private Facebook Group that supports people with FASD.

Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health - Community‐based child development service fetal alcohol spectrum disorder assessment: A retrospective clinic audit
The current study detailed the profile of children assessed for FASD and was the first to report the diagnostic profile of children assessed using the Australian Guide to the Diagnosis of FASD within a community child development service.
Addiction Biology - Lasting alterations induced in glial cell phenotypes by short exposure to alcohol during embryonic development in zebrafish
We report significant changes in wide‐spread glial cell phenotypes induced by embryonic alcohol exposure in the zebrafish brain and conclude that the zebrafish will advance our understanding of the mechanisms of this devastating disorder.
Brain Research - Neurodevelopment in Adolescents and Adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): a Magnetic Resonance Region of Interest Analysis
These cross-sectional findings suggest that at least some brain regions may become smaller at an earlier than expected age in individuals with FASD, and that sex is an important factor to consider when examining neural structures in FASD.
American Journal of Ophthalmology - Ophthalmological findings in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders – a cohort study from childhood to adulthood
Ophthalmological findings such as refractive errors, strabismus and fundus abnormalities are frequent in children with FASD and persist into early adulthood.
Maedica-a Journal of Clinical Medicine - Alcohol and Psychoactive Drugs in Pregnancy
Although often difficult to diagnose, the use of psychoactive drugs during pregnancy has become a commonly encountered occurrence. The present article aims to clarify the effects of alcohol, tobacco, narcotics, antidepressants, stimulants, halucinogenes and canabioids consumption on pregnancy and the newborn.
Neurotoxicity Research - Hydrogen Sulfide Attenuates the Neurotoxicity in the Animal Model of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Alcohol-induced neurocognitive defects offspring’s are included with activation of oxidative-inflammatory cascade followed with wide apoptotic neurodegeneration in many brain’s regions such as hippocampus.
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Midwives’ engagement in smoking- and alcohol-prevention in prenatal care before and after the introduction of practice guidelines in Switzerland: comparison of survey findings from 2008 and 2018
Seven years after its introduction, the effectiveness of the Guideline in increasing midwives’ engagement in smoking and alcohol use prevention appears limited despite midwives’ increased awareness.
Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing - Comparison of Awareness about Alcohol Use during Pregnancy among Female College Students by Drinking Levels: Using the Theory of Planned Behavior
It is necessary to increase the intention to abstain from alcohol during pregnancy for the female college students having problematic alcohol behavior. The following strategies are recommended for them; decreasing acceptable attitudes toward alcohol use during pregnancy and reinforcing the influence of social pressure toward to abstain from alcohol during pregnancy.
Heliyon - Concurrent nicotine exposure to prenatal alcohol consumption alters the hippocampal and cortical neurotoxicity
Prenatal Smoking and/or drinking is a major health concern around the world. Thus, our current study may lead to better insights into the molecular mechanisms of fetal alcohol and nicotine exposure on the developing offspring.
Developmental Neuropsychology - Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Associated with Prefrontal Cortical Deoxygenation in Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Relationships between neurodevelopmental functioning and hemodynamic changes in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) were contrasted between children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and children who differed relative to their history of PAE and the presence of other neurodevelopmental impairment.
Alcohol and Alcoholism - Identification of Alcohol Risk Drinking Behaviour in Pregnancy Using a Web-Based Questionnaire: Large-Scale Implementation in Antenatal Care
A web-based questionnaire was feasible when collecting information on alcohol consumption in pregnancy to identify risk drinking behaviour. Women with risk drinking behaviour had a low acceptance of referral to specialized care.
Acta Neuropsychiatr - Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with early motor, but not language development in a South African cohort.
PAE has potentially important consequences for motor development in the first 2 years of life, a period during which the most rapid growth and maturation occurs. These findings highlight the importance of identifying high-risk families in order to provide preventive interventions, particularly in antenatal clinics and early intervention services.
Nature - Prevalence of Alcohol Use in Late Pregnancy
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can result in detrimental developmental complications. The objective of this study was to estimate the most recent PAE prevalence data for the state of West Virginia (WV) and associated factors.
Folia medica Cracoviensia - Prenatal alcohol exposure and autonomic nervous system dysfunction: A review article
Alcohol is a recognized teratogen that affects various aspects of fetal development. Tissue that is particularly susceptible to its teratogenicity is neuronal tissue. The effect of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) on the central nervous system has been extensively studied, yet the knowledge on the influence of PAE on the autonomic nervous system is scarce.
Journal of Health Sciences and Medicine - Evaluations of pregnancy admitted to perinatology clinics that pregnants have fetal anomalies
An education program prepared for the pregnant women in our region about the goal of the diagnostic and screening tests and routine pregnancy controls will increase the chance of early diagnosis.
Journal of Adolescent Health - an Application to Substance Use and Unintended Pregnancy Risk
The Young Women’s Stress Study (YWSS), a longitudinal, community-based pilot study of young women in Georgia, takes a novel approach using biosocial theory and biodemographic methods to study interrelationships between behavioral, mental, physical and reproductive dimensions of adolescent health.

Süddeutsche Zeitung (Germany) - Mächtige Alkohol-Lobby
Kinder, die schon im Mutterleib vom Alkoholkonsum der Mutter betroffen waren, zeigen später oft Verhaltensauffälligkeiten. Die werden jedoch nicht immer richtig diagnostiziert, schreibt eine Kinderärztin.
Verneri TV (Finland) - FASD Suomi haastattelee: Anna Asikainen, sosiaalityöntekijä, FASD-asiantuntija
FASD Suomi teki vuonna 2019 kolme asiantuntijahaastattelua FASDin kanssa työskentelevistä ihmisistä. Tässä videossa haastateltavana on Anna Asikainen. Hänellä on pitkä työura sosiaalihuollon perhetyössä ja FASD-asiantuntijana.
Verneri TV (Finland) - FASD Suomi: Janina Niittymäki: alkoholin aiheuttamien sikiövaurioiden puheeksiottaminen
Kätilö Janina Niittymäki kertoo, kuinka ottaa esille alkoholin aiheuttamat sikiövauriot äitien kanssa käytävissä keskusteluissa.

Thursday, January 16, 2020

Alcohol News - 2/2020

Technology Networks - Study of Over 170,000 Individuals Identifies Genes Associated With High Alcohol Consumption
Feeling the repercussions of over-indulging on the alcohol front over the festive period? Perhaps you've committed to a dry January as part of your 2020 New Year's resolution. Maybe you're completely teetotal and embracing a life of alcohol sobriety.
NDTV Food - Alcohol Addiction, Abstinence Related To Restructuring Of Brain? Find What The Study Says
The research also stated that the findings further undermine the idea of addiction to alcohol as a psychological condition or consequence of lifestyle. The findings were published in online journal PNAS. - Increase Of Alcohol Intake Higher Among Younger Cancer Survivors
A first-of-its-kind study published in the Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network found that there was an increase in alcohol intake among cancer survivors over time and that such rates were higher among younger individuals.
The Atlantic (USA) - America’s Favorite Poison
Regardless of how much Americans love to drink, the country could be safer and healthier if we treated booze more like we treat cigarettes. The lack of serious discussion about raising alcohol prices or limiting its sale speaks to all the ground Americans have ceded to the “good guys” who have fun. And judging by the health statistics, we’re amusing ourselves to death.
The New York Times (USA) - Alcohol Deaths Have Risen Sharply, Particularly Among Women
The number of women drinking dangerous amounts of alcohol is rising sharply in the United States.
Read more
Thrive Global - Would Removing Alcohol From the Workplace Improve Employee Well-Being?
The top HR trends reported for 2020 are employee engagement, eliminating sexual harassment, and nurturing employee mental health and work life balance, according to Smart Brief. The best way to be on top of these HR trends is to remove alcohol from your workplace.
The Brussels Times (Belgium) - Flemish youths on average start drinking alcohol at 14.6 years of age, study shows
The average Flemish secondary school student starts drinking alcohol at 14.6 years of age, a study by the Flemish Centre of Expertise for Alcohol and other Drugs (VAD) carried out during the academic year of 2017/2018 shows.
Independent Online (South Africa) - Dry January Challenge calls on SA to avoid drinking alcohol for the month
South African consumers of alcohol are some of the heaviest drinkers in the world, data published by the World Health Organisation shows, but according to sobriety advocate Janet Gourand, all is not lost.
ERR News (Estonia) - Alcohol counselor: No punishment can cure a disease
While those committing crimes should be punished, that punishment will not cure any disease, according to Kaja Heinsalu, an addiction treatment counselor who works with drink driving offenders. Heinsalu was speaking in the aftermath of weekend collision involving a drunk driver, which killed two women and a nine-month-old baby.
3AW (Australia) - This could be the best way to reduce alcohol-related crime in Australia
Researchers are calling for the introduction of a minimum floor price for booze to drive down alcohol consumption in Australia.
The Brussels Times (Belgium) - Less alcohol, but more drugs behind the wheel, police campaign shows
During the “Weekend without alcohol behind the wheel” police campaign from Friday 10 January to Monday 13 January, fewer people tested positive for alcohol, but more for drugs, the results show.
Newshub (New Zealand) - Hundreds of alcohol-related incidents by military personnel recorded by NZDF
The New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) is admitting it has a problem with alcohol. Newshub can reveal that Military Police recorded hundreds of drink-related episodes over the past two years.
Men's health UK (UK) - People Are Ditching Alcohol Altogether Instead of Doing Dry January
At first glance, the fact that just 14 per cent of respondents to a YouGov survey said that they were going to participate in Dry January this year, compared to 23 per cent last year, might make it seem that more Brits are back on the booze.
Buxton Advertiser (UK) - Fifth of drinkers regularly exceed government's weekly recommended alcohol limit
A fifth of drinkers exceed the government’s weekly recommended alcohol limit EVERY week, according to research.
Newswise - Drinking among sport-playing college students is strongly influenced by peer perceptions
Alcohol misuse among college students remains a major public health concern. Students’ perceptions of how much their peers are drinking, and of peers’ attitudes to alcohol, are known to be a key influence on their own alcohol use.
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Glasgow (UK) - Doctors and surgeons can provide vital evidence to help reduce alcohol harm
In this guest blog by Meg Griffiths, Communications Manager from Alcohol Health Alliance UK (AHA), she explains about evidence being needed for the UK having an alcohol strategy and how you can provide evidence on reducing alcohol harm.
Published in BMJ Open, the research — led by the University of Stirling and the Cancer Policy Research Centre at Cancer Research UK — revealed that 11 to 19-year-old current drinkers, who report high alcohol marketing awareness, are one-and-a-half-times more likely to be higher risk drinkers, compared to those who have low or medium awareness.
Scientists have identified six genes which they believe are linked to drinking alcohol in excess. By studying the genes of tens of thousands people, the team also found heavy drinking could raise the risk of developing lung cancer.
World Cancer Research Fund - How the alcohol industry persuades us to drink too much
It’s January. It’s dark, rainy … but possibly also ‘dry’. If, like an estimated 4 million other Brits, you’ve embarked on Dry January this year, it might be because you want to reset your relationship with alcohol, get a bit healthier or save some money. But you might also be wondering around now why it’s been a bit of a challenge – it should be easy, right? Well, the world of alcohol has been changing under our noses.
Everyday Health - Heavy Drinking May Damage the Heart Before Signs Appear, Study Finds
During the holiday season, alcohol consumption tends to rise. But the American Heart Association (AHA) reminds us that too much drinking can take a serious toll on our health.