Wednesday, May 22, 2019

Alcohol News - 21/2019

Metro - Giving up alcohol at 24 hasn’t been a life sentence – it has set me free
From the age of 12 it stripped me of my dignity, dreams and self-respect. All it gave me was the constant inability to show up for the life I deserved, and it’s taken me over 10 years to see this. (Ireland) - One in five adults classified as a hazardous drinker – report
Ireland needs to examine and assess its deep-rooted cultural norm relating to alcohol, according to a Drinkaware survey, which shows that more than one in five adults are classified as a hazardous drinker.
The New York Times - How Much Alcohol Can You Drink Safely?
Humans have been drinking fermented concoctions since the beginning of recorded time. But despite that long relationship with alcohol, we still don’t know what exactly the molecule does to our brains to create a feeling of intoxication.
The Guardian - How cleaning helped me rebuild what alcohol had ruined
If you’ve ever done a real detox off drugs and alcohol to get clean, the whole notion of cleaning your flat as a way to some sort of psychological Nirvana seems suspect. Yet this is exactly what the new cleaning gurus, like Marie Kondo, Mrs Hinch (2.4m Instagram fans and counting) and Lynsey “Queen of Clean” Crombie, would have us believe. (New Zealand) - Alcohol is a factor in at least a third of all homicide cases
Alcohol fuelled a fight between Ngaire Tukiwaho and her partner. But her 1-month-old son was the ultimate victim. Brad Flahive examines the connection between booze and homicide for The Homicide Report.
The Drum (USA) - Alcohol advertisers warned of possible court action for flouting rules
Alcohol brands are being warned that they must be ready to face potential court action for conveying irresponsible messages to consumers through advertising, including the inadvertent targeting of underage drinkers.
Cyprus Mail (Cyprus) - Cypriot teens consume more alcohol than EU counterparts
Cyprus minors consume a lot of alcohol compared with those in other European countries, and little is done to regulate the sale of alcohol to those under the age of 18, the secondary-school parents association said on Tuesday.
The Guardian (UK) - Britons get drunk more often than 35 other nations, survey finds
Drinkers in the UK get drunk more than any other nation in the world, findings from a global survey suggest.
EURACTIV (EU) - Romania torpedoes EU deal on alcohol excise duties over moonshine
Member states clashed on the reform of alcohol excise duties during a meeting of EU financial ministers last Friday (17 May), as the Romanian Presidency of the EU tried to raise the maximum limit on home distillation, in pursuit of its own national interest.
The Bolton News (UK) - 1,000 children a year brain damaged by alcohol in the womb in Greater Manchester
A THOUSAND children are born a year with brain damage in Greater Manchester because their mums drank while expecting – now health bosses have launched a pilot to end the "hidden epidemic".
HUB (USA) - Majority of campus alcohol policies fail to receive 'most effective' rating from experts
Alcohol policy experts and researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health who evaluated common university alcohol policies found that fewer than half of the approaches for reducing problematic alcohol consumption rated as "most effective."
The BMJ - Helen Salisbury: Alcohol excess—time for new measures?
In a recent issue of The BMJ I was struck by two articles on the same theme: when industries make money from selling products that cause harm, can we expect them to contribute meaningfully to improving public health? One covered the World Health Organization’s recent instruction to its staff not to engage with the alcohol industry when developing public health policy and to warn governments against such collaboration.
MDEdge (UK) - More than 40% of U.K. physicians report binge drinking
Occupational distress among physicians is tied to increased odds of substance use, sleep disturbance, binge eating, and poor health in general, a cross-sectional study of 417 U.K. doctors shows.
Automotive News (USA) - Devote more r&d to prevent drunken driving
While many new and emerging issues grab headlines, drunken driving is still the leading cause of highway deaths.

Wednesday, May 15, 2019

Alcohol News - 20/2019

The New York Times (USA) - Women, Alcohol and Perceived ‘Sexual Availability’
When Brock Turner, the former Stanford swimmer who was found guilty in 2016 of sexually assaulting an unconscious woman on campus, appealed his conviction, he and his lawyers devoted 60 pages to how intoxicated the victim seemed. He lost the appeal.
Medical News Today - Why might smoking and drinking alcohol raise the risk of osteoporosis?
Recent research has uncovered a cell mechanism that could help explain why smoking, alcohol, and other modifiable factors could raise the risk of developing the bone disease osteoporosis.
Medical News Today - Global alcohol intake has increased by 70%, study warns
A large new study published in The Lancet found that, across the globe, rates of individual alcohol consumption have soared. This, the authors warn, is a dangerous pattern that policymakers must address.
The Guardian (UK) - One in five harmed by others drinking alcohol over past year, survey finds
One in five people in England have been harmed by others drinking alcohol over the past year, a survey has found.
ANSA (Italy) - Alcohol risk for 8.6 mn Italians, youth
Some 8.6 million Italians are at-risk consumers of alcohol, a new reports said Tuesday. - Pin Project Helps Servers Tell People They're Abstaining From Alcohol
The pin initiative allows servers to nonverbally communicate to coworkers and patrons that they won’t be drinking during a shift.
NDTV - Is Drinking Alcohol In Moderation Good For The Heart? Study Says No
Alcohol drinkers often quote some scientific evidence and research studies that have suggested in the past that moderate alcohol consumption may actually offer protective benefits for the heart.
Irish Post (Ireland) - Irish drinkers 'consume twice as much alcohol as the global average'
IRELAND’S ANNUAL alcohol consumption continues to rise, despite notable decreases across the rest of Europe.
New Vision (Uganda) - Poverty, alcohol abuse tearing families apart, says minister
The challenges, she noted, have resulted in high crime rates, immoral behaviour, lawlessness, conflict, diseases, poverty, violence against children and high level of illiteracy.
The Local Germany (Germany) - German teenagers drinking less alcohol: Study
A study into the drinking habits of young people has revealed a continued decrease in regular alcohol consumption among German teenagers.
The Swaddle - Kids Exposed In Utero to Alcohol Show Altered Brain Structure Years Later
A new study has found that teenagers who were exposed to alcohol while in the womb showed altered brain connections that impair their cognitive performance.
The BMJ - Alcohol use: global target to reduce harm is likely to be missed as intake rises
The World Health Organization’s target to cut the harmful use of alcohol by 10% by 2025 is unlikely to be met, researchers have warned, after finding that the total volume consumed worldwide each year increased by 70% from 1990 to 2017. (Netherlands) - Could an alcohol ban be coming to the canals of Amsterdam?
It may well be. A small majority of the municipal council has voted in favour of investigating whether or not it is possible to ban alcohol use on boats on the canals of Amsterdam.
British GQ - What happens if we all stop drinking?
For all the talk about millennials shunning drinking, it’s the generation below – the oldest of which are 24 – that abstain like never before. We ask the experts: what would happen if we all just... stopped?
Esperance Express (Australia) - 2019 Annual Alcohol Poll | Risky drinking a bigger problem in regional Australia
A higher percentage of Australians living in regional, rural and remote communities were engaging in risky drinking compared to their city counterparts and, in turn, were more concerned about the resulting harm.
Mirage News (Australia) - New report finds alcohol advertising is impossible to escape for Aussie kids
The regulation of alcohol marketing is so weak in Australia that alcohol advertisements are being seen on school buses, across from primary schools, and before children’s videos on YouTube, an analysis of complaints made to the Alcohol Advertising Review Board (AARB) has found.
BMJ Open (England) - Alcohol-related harm to others in England: a cross-sectional analysis of national survey data
This exploratory study, using data collected through the Alcohol Toolkit Survey, shows that AHTO affects 20.1% of the population of England. Even apparently minor harms, like being kept awake, can have a negative impact on health, while aggressive harms are clearly of concern. - Recently updated: Alcohol, Cancer and Your Health booklet
Did you know you can reduce your chance of getting cancer if you avoid alcohol or drink only a little?

Sunday, May 12, 2019

FASD News - 19/2019

National Post - Canadian study identifies five most vulnerable groups for FASD
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is substantially more prevalent for people in five vulnerable groups including children in care, Indigenous populations and people in prison, according to a global study by Canadian researchers.
Nunatsiaq News (Canada) - Yes, it’s possible to screen for FASD, experts say
An unknown number of Nunavut residents with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder, or FASD, are being denied the help they need, because territorial agencies do little screening or diagnosis and because no one has ever tried to pull together information that already exists on the disability’s prevalence.
Wadena Pioneer Journal - Fetal alcohol syndrome is 100% preventable
Are you between the ages of 18-35? Are you thinking about becoming pregnant? Even if you aren't planning on becoming pregnant, did you know 50% of pregnancies are unplanned? That means 50% of women who are pregnant were not expecting to be pregnant and may use alcohol in the early, most critical stage of a baby's development.
Daily Pioneer - No amount of alcohol safe during pregnancy: Study
Teenagers who are exposed to alcohol while in the womb exhibit altered brain connections consistent with impaired cognitive performance, according to a study.
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - The campaigning family with a personal interest in foetal alcohol syndrome
Maryelen and her husband Billy have six kids . . . three birth children and three they lovingly adopted. The birth mother’s heavy drinking during pregnancy left the three adoptive kids with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Brinkwire - Not even one glass of wine a week is safe during pregnancy, study finds
No amount of alcohol is safe for women to drink while they’re pregnant, according to research. Drinking can harm the development of a baby’s brain in any quantity or at any stage during pregnancy, scientists found.
Microbioz India - Lifestyle factors affecting on reproductive function in male and female – A Complete Review
Infertility is a worldwide issue affecting 15-18% of couples globally, amounting more than 45 million couples. In the era of increasing awareness, many things are changing and already changed.
CanFASD Blog (Canada) - Guest blog: Thoughts on the FASD International Conference- Shelley More
I had the great fortune to attend 3 days of the International FASD Conference, Vancouver at the beginning of March thanks to the generous sponsorship of CanFASD.
CAMH - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder prevalence up to 40 times higher in some subpopulations worldwide
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) affects people from all racial, ethnic and sociological backgrounds. However a major new review of the world literature has found that FASD is 10 to 40 times higher in certain groups than the general population according to a study published by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in the journal Addiction.
HNGN - Understanding The Tragedy of Brain Damage at Birth
As citizens, we are accorded with rights to enable our mental and physical well-being. But there are thousands of unborn children who don't have such rights because they suffer at the hands of expectant mothers who risk their lives and well-being, by consuming alcohol and drugs through their pregnancies. (Canada) - Parents of Children with FASD need support, access to services and funding.
FASD can be likened to having a child with Alzheimers. What they learn today, they may not even remember tomorrow.
Winnipeg Sun (Canada) - How these Winnipeg classrooms are rethinking lessons for kids with FASD
‘They’re just kids that are coming to school. They just want to be accepted and be successful.’
Picture an air filter. What does it do? It stops all the dust and bits from entering your home and filling your house and body with all sorts of things they don’t really need. I liken this to what happens when I get what always feels like an attack – an overload of sensory stimuli. My filter does not work like everyone else’s – like yours does, not unless you also have FASD.
Alomogordo Daily News - Criminalizing disability: Special needs kids who don’t get help in school are ending up in jail
It was right after the fifth-period bell last October that Sebastian Montano lay face down in the grass outside Alamogordo High School, screaming for his mother, as two police officers pinned him to the ground and thrust a Taser in his back.
AdoptionUK (UK) - FASD sufferers 'failed by clinicians' report finds
Sufferers of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are being failed by clinicians according to a new report published today.

CoramBAAF (UK) - Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): what works for children? ONE DAY CONFERENCE (23 May 2019, London)
This conference provides an important opportunity to look at ‘what works’ for children with FASD. It aims to bring together people who are actively involved in parenting, caring for, and working with children with FASD to explore how they might best help families to successfully manage the disorder, meet the needs of affected children and support them to reach their full potential.
Graf Recke Stiftung (Germany) - Fetale Alkoholspektrum-Störung (FASD) (10.10.2019)
Dass Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft schädlich ist, ist bekannt. Dass Behinderungen, die daraus entstehen können, unter dem Terminus Fetale Alkoholspektrum-Störung (FASD) gefasst werden und Kinder nicht aus ihnen »herausgefördert« werden können, ist noch deutlich zu wenig bekannt.
NTIUPSTREAM - 2019 Webinar 2: Developing a Prenatal SBIRT System – An Ethical Approach to Prevention and Intervention - Live Webinar (May 14, 2019)
Screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) is a proven strategy for improving pregnancy outcomes for women who are using a variety of substances.

VIDEOS and RESOURCES (Poland) - Foundation Family fom A to Z
the Foundation works for FASD to Poland. We have working scientifically and clinically for children with FASD for many years.In Poland there is no systemic help for children, so after many years I decided to set up the 'Family from A to Z Foundation' that would work for children with FASD living in adoptive and foster families. The Foundation is active since 2017, and its work is backed up by clinical research made by prof. A. Urbanik and Teresa Jadczak-Szumiło PhD.
Bridgeway Family Homes - FASD Treatment Homes
Bridgeway In-Service Training with Amanda Rawn-Alton.
NOFAS-UK - My Brain, Me And FASD
A resource to help young people understand their FASD and emphasises coping strategies.
Obstetrics and gynecology guidelines - Fetal alcohol syndrome, alcohol in pregnancy
CDC (USA) – Vital Signs: Pregnancy-related deaths
Every pregnancy-related death is tragic, especially because about 60% are preventable. Still, about 700 women die each year from complications of pregnancy. A pregnancy-related death can happen during pregnancy, at delivery, and even up to a year afterward (postpartum).
CDC - An Alcohol-free pregnAncy is the best choice for your bAby.
The organizations and resources below can provide you with more information on FASDs, drinking and pregnancy, and how to get help if you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant and cannot stop drinking.
Red Shoes Rock - 2019 Red Shoes Rock Kick Off
Looking to find the 2019 Artwork for your Red Shoe Rock Events and Swag – We can’t wait to see what you do with these – HAVE FUN if you need the original artwork for translation work email and we will help you.

Addiction - Prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among special subpopulations: a systematic review and meta‐analysis
Global subpopulations of children in care, correctional, special education, specialized clinical and Aboriginal populations have a significantly higher prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder compared with the general population, which poses a substantial global health problem.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Collaborative Action on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention: Principles for Enacting the Truth and Reconciliation Commission Call to Action #33
The consensus statement provides guidance for developing community- and culture-led FASD prevention programs and highlights the importance of Indigenous knowledge systems in developing and researching FASD prevention in, and with, Indigenous communities.
Contemporary Justice Review - Aboriginal youth with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and enmeshment in the Australian justice system: can an intercultural form of restorative justice make a difference?
Aboriginal youth with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are overrepresented in the justice system. FASD results from prenatal alcohol exposure, and may lead to cognitive, social and behavioural difficulties that increase susceptibility to contact with the justice system.
Dartmouth College - Radial Migration and Pyramidal Neuron Form and Function in the Somatosensory Cortex of a Mouse Model of FASD
INSTITUTE OF BIOMEDICAL SCIENCES - Roles of very long chain fatty acids in pathophysiology of FASD
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are caused by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). These children suffer from life-long learning and intellectual disabilities, and other behavioral deficits.
Simon Fraser University - An Evaluation of the Predictive Validity of the SAVRY and YLS/CMI in Justice-Involved Youth with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Despite the high prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in youth criminal justice settings, there is currently no research supporting the use of violence risk assessment tools in this population.
Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Nurses and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Prevention
This toolkit was designed for nurses to facilitate the recognition and prevention of FASD and address gaps that exists around alcohol use.
Health Research Policy and Systems - To what extent is Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder considered in policy-related documents in South Africa? A document review
Although this study revealed the existence of targeted and generic clauses that could be attributed to the prevention and management of FASD, the sustained high prevalence of FASD in South Africa, as reported in the literature, calls for more holistic and comprehensive approaches to tackle the FASD problem in South Africa.
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research - Listening Difficulties in Children With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: More Than a Problem of Audibility
Children with FAS but not other FASDs may be at a particular risk for hearing loss. However, listening difficulties in the absence of hearing loss—presumably related to suprathreshold processing deficits—are prevalent across the entire fetal alcohol spectrum.
Birth defects research - Oxidative stress and DNA damage in the mechanism of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
This review covers molecular mechanisms involving oxidative stress and DNA damage that may contribute to morphological and functional developmental disorders in animal models resulting from exposure to alcohol (ethanol, EtOH) in utero or in embryo culture.
Clinical Archives of Communication Disorders - Articulation in children with fetal alcohol syndrome
Results suggest specific oral motor deficits contribute at least as much to communication disorder in young FAS speakers as possible phonetic-linguistic deficits.
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - Glucocorticoid programming mechanism for hypercholesterolemia in prenatal ethanol-exposed adult offspring rats
Our previous studies showed that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) elevated blood total cholesterol (TCH) level in adult offspring rats. This study was aimed at elucidating the intrauterine programming mechanism of hypercholesterolemia in adult rats induced by PEE.
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Fetal Cerebral Artery Mitochondrion as Target of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Prenatal alcohol exposure results in an array of developmental abnormalities known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs). Despite the high prevalence of FASDs, therapeutic interventions against accidental or intended exposure of developing fetuses to alcohol are limited.
Universite de Rennes - Environmental exposure during pregnancy. Views and attitudes of general practitioners
The exposure of pregnant women to toxic environmental agents can lead to serious damage to the woman as well as to the unborn child; this deserves particular attention from primary health care services.
Neuropeptides - Decreased behavioural and neurochemical effects of angiotensin IV following prenatal alcohol exposure in the mouse
This study aimed to explore a possible mechanism underlying the sex differences and the effects of PAE in male mice.
Preventive Medicine - Risk factors for alcohol use among pregnant women, ages 15–44, in the United States, 2002 to 2017
To prevent severe prenatal harm, health care providers should focus on women at higher risk for binge drinking during pregnancy: women with tobacco or drug use, alcohol use disorder, or depression, and women who are unmarried, Black, or of lower socioeconomic status.
Journal of Addiction Medicine - The Association Between Antenatal Maternal Self-reported Substance Use, Maternal Characteristics, and Obstetrical Variables
Substance use disorders during pregnancy are an often underestimated cause of maternal, fetal, and neonatal complications. Limited studies have examined the relationship between maternal characteristics and associated illicit or nonillicit drug use.

Nauka W Polsce (Poland) - W ciąży nie ma bezpiecznej ilości alkoholu
Dzieci, których matki spożywały alkohol w czasie ciąży, mają zaburzone działanie połączeń w mózgu. Naukowcy twierdzą, że dla płodu nie istnieje ani bezpieczny okres, w którym można pić, ani bezpieczna ilość etanolu.
Blogosfere (Italy) - Alcol in gravidanza: nessuna quantità è sicura
Durante la gravidanza, non esiste una quantità di alcol sicura da assumere. Questo è ciò che emerge da un nuovo studio pubblicato sulla rivista Chaos, dell’American Institute of Physics, i cui autori hanno scoperto che gli adolescenti che erano stati esposti all'alcol mentre erano nell'utero mostravano connessioni cerebrali alterate, associabili a una compromissione delle prestazioni cognitive.
El Medico Interactivo (Spain) - No hay cantidad segura de alcohol durante el embarazo
Las personas que estuvieron expuestos al alcohol en el útero fueron más propensos a tener problemas con las conexiones a través de su cuerpo calloso

Thursday, May 2, 2019

Alcohol News - 18/2019

The New York Times (USA) - New York Bans Alcohol Ads on Most City Property
Citing the health risk to young people and vulnerable populations, the city announced the ban that could lead to a loss of $3 million in yearly advertising fees.
EL PAÍS in English (Spain) - Cellphones and alcohol: a recipe for sexual harassment in Spain
It’s Saturday night in Madrid, and the area around Atocha station is buzzing with young people walking into or out of nearby nightclubs. Some of them are holding a can of beer, others a cigarette. Everyone has a cellphone in their hand.
The Wire (India) - How Alcohol and Tobacco Cause Poverty
The district of Gadchiroli has 1.2 million people, spread across 1,500 villages and three towns. A district sample survey we carried out in the years 2015 and 2016 showed that 41% of men had consumed alcohol in the past 12 months, spending a total of Rs 80 crore.
Body and Soul - The truth about how alcohol affects your body as you get older
There’s no denying Australians love a drink. But there’s only so much we can handle before our bodies start to suffer. A 2016 National Drug Strategy Household Survey found men in their 40s and women in their 50s are the most likely to drink at a problematic level.
Quinte News (Canada) - Alcohol related injuries locally top Ontario stats
Hastings Prince Edward Medical Officer of Health has concerns regarding the Ontario government’s move toward increased availability of alcohol.
Medical Xpress - Alcohol ads in sport fuel drinking culture
Repeated exposure to alcohol advertising in sport—either at venues or during media coverage of matches—can have long-term effects on drinking attitudes, according to a new international study. (Canada) - Stricter alcohol regulations would protect public health, psychologist says
The Atlantic provinces have some of the least strict enforcements surrounding alcohol, says Kara Thomson, an assistant professor in the Department of Psychology at St. Francis Xavier University in Antigonish.
NY1 (USA) - The New Buzz is No Booze. Two City Bars Go Alcohol-Free.
The vibe at Listen Bar is typical of the city's bar scene. The lighting is mellow, the music is moving, and the drinks are flowing.
The Costa Rica News (Costa Rica) - Excessive Consumption of Alcohol by Youth at “Megafiestas” Is Alarming
Authorities of the Institute on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (IAFA), alert the families of the Region for the excessive consumption of alcohol by young people in the so-called “mega-parties”, parties in big houses and villages, among others.
The BMJ (UK) - PHE’s partnerships with gambling and alcohol industry-funded charities: time to put the cards on the table
Social determinants of health (such as income, social status, educational level, and physical or social environments) are firmly in the mainstream of health policy, exemplified by their inclusion in the government’s “Prevention is better than cure” policy paper.
The Local Switzerland (Switzerland) - Switzerland scraps blood alcohol limits for rubber boat captains
The changes have been made because it is “too difficult” to test the blood alcohol limit of people operating these types of vessels and because these non-motorized craft pose only a minimal risk, the government said in a statement.
Newcastle Herald (Australia) - CSIRO can't justify pro-alcohol research
Shocking revelations that Australia's publicly-funded scientific institution, the CSIRO, is in bed with the alcohol industry have been made in the prestigious British medical journal, The Lancet, by former CSIRO scientist, Dr Saul Newman.
Daily Mail (USA) - Rise in US pregnant women drinking alcohol: 1 in 9 occasionally drink and 4% binge-drink, CDC report says
The rate of women are drinking alcohol while pregnant has gone up in the United States, new data show.
Medical Xpress - No safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy, suggest researchers
An international group of researchers has taken one of the first major steps in finding the biological changes in the brain that drive fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
Longevity LIVE - The World Has A Drinking Problem Says WHO
The WHO (World Health Organization) says 283 million individuals are currently battling alcohol-use disorders and over 3 million people have died of alcohol-related diseases each year. Its annual global status report provides a general review of alcohol consumption and harms in relation to the UN Sustainable Development Goals (1). The report also describes what the world’s nations are doing to counter the growing burden of drinking-related diseases and deaths.
CTV News - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder more prevalent in certain groups: study
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is more prevalent among some vulnerable populations, including orphans, inmates and Indigenous groups, according to a new Canadian-led study. The findings also reinforce the message that there is “no safe amount” of alcohol a pregnant woman can drink, researchers say.
Health Scotland (Scotland) - Minimum Unit Pricing for alcohol: one year on
Today marks the first anniversary of Minimum Unit Pricing (MUP) legislation coming into force in Scotland. Alcohol harm is a significant public health issue, and people in our poorest areas experience the most harm.

Sunday, April 28, 2019

FASD News -17/2019

National Post - How two generations coped with a FASD diagnosis
Very little was known about FASD when Dolores gave birth to Kim in 1971. Now Dolores is helping raise Kim’s daughter Sarah, who is also living with FASD.
It’s been 45 years since researchers revealed the risks of drinking during pregnancy. But as Vanessa Hrvatin reports, rates of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder are three times higher than previously believed — just as more women are drinking, and drinking more, than ever before.
FASD is associated with a bewildering number of symptoms. But as Vanessa Hrvatin writes, the biggest barrier to early detection and treatment may be social not biological.
Regina Leader-Post (Canada) - Frank talk on the stigma of FASD at a Vancouver shelter
“Every time I picked up the pipe and lighter, I hated myself.” Meet the women raising babies after fighting alcohol and drug addictions.
Kids in care suffer disproportionately from prenatal exposure to alcohol. But prospective parents say they are too often in the dark about what’s ahead of them. As Vanessa Hrvatin discovers, that can lead to heartbreaking outcomes.
Ottawa Citizen (Canada) - Living with FASD: Adoptive parents share strategies they learned from their three children
The Mores have learned what helps their kids best — but it’s not always been easy. The story of the Smith Falls, Ont., family is just one in our series on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
The West Australian (Australia) - Northern exposure for FASD aid
Raised in Anchorage, Alaska, by her grandparents, alarm bells rang for nine-month-old Tami Eller’s carers when it became clear her head was not growing.
Winnipeg Sun (Canada) - How these Winnipeg classrooms are rethinking lessons for kids with FASD
‘They’re just kids that are coming to school. They just want to be accepted and be successful.’
Daily Mail (USA) - Rise in US pregnant women drinking alcohol: 1 in 9 occasionally drink and 4% binge-drink, CDC report says
The rate of women are drinking alcohol while pregnant has gone up in the United States, new data show.
Science Daily - No safe amount of alcohol during pregnancy, suggest researchers
An international group of researchers has taken one of the first major steps in finding the biological changes in the brain that drive fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. New work using chaos theory to analyze brain signals shows the long-term effects.

ColleMcvoy - The Quest to End Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders One Fact at a Time
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are the most common form of preventable brain injury in babies. Yet one in 20 children has FASD.
Calgary Herald - Disorder with 1,000 faces: The Calgary clinic diagnosing patients with FASD
Experts at a Calgary clinic discuss the rigorous testing that goes into diagnosing patients with FASD.
Health Nexus Santé - FASD Web Tutorial – Services
The purpose of this short video is to help user understand how to search for services on the website.
NEWS-on-Tour - Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft! Wie schädlich ist es wirklich?
Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft! Wie schädlich ist wirklich? Caritas Oberberg klärt auf... esperanza Schwangerschafts-/Eltern- und Väterberatung des Caritasverbandes für den Oberbergischen Kreis e.V., Talstraße 1, 51643 Gummersbach
ThinkTech Hawaii - Drinking and Gestating (Family Affairs)
NavNeuro - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder – With Dr. Jeffrey Wozniak
Today we give an overview of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), which includes a collection of disorders that occur when a fetus is exposed to alcohol. We discuss this topic with Jeffrey Wozniak, Ph.D., a neuropsychologist with extensive research and clinical experience in FASD.
nasgp - Alcohol exposure prenatally and its effects on children and young people
This is a guideline on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder from SIGN outlining the assessment and management of children who have had prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). It was published in Jan 2019.

Alcoholism - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A review of the neurobehavioral deficits associated with prenatal alcohol exposure
This paper provides a comprehensive review of the cognitive and behavioral outcomes of prenatal alcohol exposure, including domains of general intelligence, executive functioning, language development, learning and memory, adaptive functioning, academic performance, and concurrent psychopathology.
Alcoholism - Are low to moderate average alcohol consumption and isolated episodes of binge drinking in early pregnancy associated with facial features related to fetal alcohol syndrome in five‐year‐old children?
These findings suggest that low to moderate levels of PAE or isolated binge exposures may place some fetuses at risk for FAS/PFAS. Thus, conservative advice is still for women to abstain from alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
WALDEN DISSERTATIONS AND DOCTORAL STUDIES - Preconception Health and Preterm Birth Differences Among U.S.-Born and Foreign-Born
Foreign-born Black women giving birth in the United States have superior preterm birth outcomes compared to their U.S-born Black peers. Many studies have focused on tobacco use and medical risk factors, but few have focused solely on preconception health.
Biology of Sex Differences - Chronic low alcohol intake during pregnancy programs sex-specific cardiovascular deficits in rats
Exposure to an adverse environment in early life can have lifelong consequences for risk of cardiovascular disease. Maternal alcohol (ethanol) intake is common and associated with a variety of harmful effects to the fetus.
Alcoholism - Ethanol Exposure Increases miR‐140 in Extracellular Vesicles: Implications for Fetal Neural Stem Cell Proliferation and Maturation
Collectively, the dysregulated miRNA content of extracellular vesicles following ethanol exposure may result in aberrant neural progenitor cell growth and maturation, explaining brain growth deficits associated with prenatal alcohol exposure.
Developmental Neuroscience - Functional Connectivity and Metabolic Alterations in Medial Prefrontal Cortex in a Rat Model of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Resting-State Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and in vivo Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Study
Prenatal ethanol exposure alters brain structure, functional connectivity, and behavior in humans and rats. Behavioral changes include deficits in executive function, which requires cooperative activity between the frontal cortices and other brain regions.

Aleteia PL (Poland) - Bezpieczna dawka alkoholu w ciąży nie istnieje. Świadectwo ojca 6-letniej Asi z zespołem FASD
Nazywane są „niewidzialnymi dziećmi”. Niewidzialnymi, ponieważ nie dostrzeżono ich przed urodzeniem, gdy sięgano po lampkę czerwonego wina, po kilka łyków piwa czy kieliszka wódki – pierwszego „za mamę”, drugiego „za dzidziusia”.
YLE (Finland) - Äidin alkoholinkäyttö vammautti Jennyn pysyvästi jo sikiönä – hänestä kasvoi silti moninkertainen voittaja
Jenny Kärkkäisellä todettiin FAS eli sikiön alkoholioireyhtymä (siirryt toiseen palveluun) jo synnytyslaitoksella. Hänellä oli näkövamma, aivovamma ja nivelvammoja. Hänen kasvonpiirteensä ja pieni kokonsa olivat tyypillisiä FAS-lapselle.

Wednesday, April 24, 2019

Alcohol News - 17/2019

Bustle (USA) - How Much Do People Spend On Alcohol? An Analysis Shows How Much People In U.S. Cities Spend Over A Lifetime
Recently,, an alcohol use disorder resource, looked at how much people spend on alcohol over the course of a year — and over the course of a lifetime. The results might just make your bank balance wince.
University of Cape Town News (South Africa) - A minimum unit price on alcohol could limit heavy drinking
In May 2018, Scotland introduced a minimum unit price of 50p per unit (8g) of alcohol, with the aim of reducing abusive drinking. Research had shown that a large proportion of very cheap alcohol consumed in Scotland took the form of heavy drinking, resulting in drunkenness and other socially unacceptable behaviour.
MuMbrella (Australia) - Junk food and alcohol ads scrapped by Queensland government
Queensland’s state government has announced it will ban junk food and alcohol ads at government-owned outdoor sites in an effort to combat childhood obesity.
Quartz - Why faking positive emotions at work can lead to heavier alcohol consumption
Here’s an experiment. Think of the last time you had a rough night at home: your kid threw a fit; your partner was insensitive; the bills were too high; your parents demanded too much. Now think of the next morning, when, being short on rest and patience, you went to work and forced a smile. You acted like everything was fine, even though internally, you felt way off your game.
The Brussels Times - University study finds reason to ban advertising of alcohol
A total ban on the advertising of alcohol is necessary from the public health point of view, according to a study conducted at the University of Ghent for the Belgian Federal Science Policy Office (Belspo) and relayed on Wednesday by the newspaper De Morgen.
The Moscow Times (Russia) - Half of Russia’s Alcohol Sold Illegally, Regulators Say
Almost half of the alcohol products sold in Russia last year were on the market illegally, the state Federal Alcohol Market Regulation Service (Rosalkogolregulirovanie) said this week. (Greece) - A third of Greeks drive under influence of alcohol
More than a third of Greek motorists drive while under the influence of alcohol, significantly above the European Union average, according to the Hellenic Society of Forensic Medicine.
Independent Online (South Africa) - Alcohol abuse a massive role in emergency incidents in Cape
Injuries related to alcohol abuse plays a dominant role in the province and is an increasing societal problem which is impacting and placing strain on the Western Cape Government Health Emergency Centres in the Cape Town Metropole.
Healthline - How ‘Mommy Juice’ Culture Is Normalizing Alcohol Addiction
If you think it’s becoming more difficult to avoid seeing phrases like that on social media, you’re not alone. Between memes, jokes between friends, and even movies dedicated to women and their love for wine, it can sometimes feel like there’s no escaping the “mommy juice” banter.
The Federalist - Almost Everything You Know About Alcohol Prohibition Is Wrong
We should stop comparing alcohol prohibition to other kinds of prohibition. Yes, it did fail, but the reasons for its failure cannot be extrapolated to other forms of prohibition.
EurekAlert (Australia) - Heavy drinkers consuming more than half of all alcohol
La Trobe University researchers have found the heaviest drinking 10 per cent of Australians drink over half the alcohol consumed in Australia, downing an average of six standard drinks per day.
VICE (India) - 'Ban Alcohol or We Won't Vote': Rural Women in South India Warn Political Leaders
Reeling from the consequences of rampant alcoholism among men in rural areas, many women in the south Indian state of Karnataka are protesting using their vote.
The Brussels Times (Belgium) - Tax evasion on alcohol sales increases in Belgium
Last year, excise duty evaded on beer, wine and spirits amounted to 17 million euros and 10.9 million in 2017, it emerged from Roel Deseyn's (CD&V) written question to the minister of finance Alexander De Croo (Open Vld), De Tijd reported on Tuesday. - April Is Alcohol Awareness Month: The Wide Spectrum of Alcohol Use Disorder
I used to work with a guy who ate a half of a donut and let the other half sit on his desk for the rest of the day. It didn’t bother him, but it drove me crazy. I couldn’t concentrate on anything he said with that tasty pastry lying there.
MyNation - World Liver Day: Here's how social drinking is killing your liver
The liver is one of the most hardworking organs in your body and it turns out your weekend party-mode may just be causing irreparable harm to your liver.
Vietnamnet (Vietnam) - VN lacks tight control over alcohol consumption
Vietnamese people consume alcoholic beverages in excess but the country lacks specific regulations for prevention of its harmful effects, Deputy Health Minister Nguyen Truong Son has said.
South China Morning Post - How binge drinking – even if you stop before you’re pregnant – can harm your baby’s life chances
Studies suggests that drinking while pregnant can affect children and grandchildren, and even drinking before conception can have harmful effects.
The Standard (Australia) - More than a quarter of family violence incidents involve alcohol in Warrnambool
Alcohol is involved in at least one-in-four domestic violence incidents that end up at the Warrnambool Base Hospital Emergency Department however Western Region Alcohol and other Drug Centre director Geoff Soma says that figure could be much higher.

Wednesday, April 17, 2019

Alcohol News - 16/2019

Business Insider - I spent a weekend at Coachella, and my favorite part of the festival is a rule most people over 21 would probably hate
Before attending, I had heard that Coachella restricts all alcohol consumption to designated 21-plus areas away from the stage. I thought I would hate that rule, but it ended up creating a festival experience with fewer rude drunk people, less trash, and an overall nicer atmosphere.
Yahoo News (Australia) - More Aussies getting alcohol and drug help
More than 130,000 Australians sought help for drug problems last financial year, with alcohol the most common substance, according to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare report released on Wednesday.
Business Day (South Africa) - Is it time to introduce a minimum unit price on alcohol?
In May 2018, Scotland introduced a minimum unit price of 50p per unit (8g) of alcohol, with the aim of reducing abusive drinking. Research had shown that a large proportion of very cheap alcohol consumed in Scotland took the form of heavy drinking, resulting in drunkenness and other socially unacceptable behaviour.
YourTango - Why Labeling People 'Alcoholics' Is Just Another Form Of Victim Blaming
I'm sober, but I'm not an alcoholic — and my addiction isn't the real problem. I finally stopped using the addictive, carcinogenic drug ethanol — known by its street name, alcohol — a year ago.
Ottawa Citizen (Canada) - Experts worry that looser alcohol laws may encourage risky drinking
Ontario’s proposal to loosen the rules on drinking — especially in public — has worried a number of community groups wanting to see the province provide more resources for alcohol-related health-care costs.
Medical News Bulletin (Australia) - Most women don’t know the link between alcohol and breast cancer
A new study by Australian researchers investigated why middle-aged women increasingly drink alcohol despite the well-known association between alcohol and breast cancer. (Netherlands) - Health covenant heavily influenced by food and alcohol industry, say experts
The government covenant to promote public health is biased in favour of the food and alcohol industry, health law professors said on Friday.
Psychology Today - Warning Signs Your Co-Worker May Have an Alcohol Problem
April is National Alcohol Awareness Month, sponsored by the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence (NCADD), which works to raise awareness about the treatment and prevention of alcoholism, especially among today’s youth. - Tobacco and alcohol leading cause of head and neck cancer
THE leading causes of head and neck cancer are tobacco and alcohol use, the Department Health-Center for Health Development (DOH-CHD)-6 warned.
The Times - Call for global 50% rise in tax on sugar and alcohol
A global health taskforce advised by Nicola Sturgeon is recommending a 50 per cent increase in tax on rise in alcohol and sugar.
The Advocate (Tasmania) - Tasmania ranked second last in Australia on Alcohol Policy Scorecard
Tasmania has failed the most recent national Alcohol Policy Scorecard, ranking second last in the nation.
The Advocate (Australia) - Australian Institute of Health and Welfare releases new report on drug and alcohol services
The Alcohol Tobacco and Other Drugs Council says many treatment services have significant waiting lists for those who wish to receive help for substance abuse.

Sunday, April 14, 2019

FASD News - 15/2019

Manitoulin Expositor (Canada) - Editorial: Government must recognize the challenges of FASD
There is an inherent stigma that attaches to the medical condition known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) that must be solidly laid to rest if we are to build the political will that can force governments and their health agencies to put in place the supports needed to deal with one of the most insidious and pervasive, if largely invisible, health issues facing society.
NOFAS (USA) - An Alcohol-Free Pregnancy is the Best Choice for a Healthy Pregnancy
In observance of April's Alcohol Awareness Month, the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS) is raising awareness about the risk of prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). (Canada) - No formal grades past Grade 6 for Hamilton teen with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Seventeen-year-old James Gowland does not have formal grades beyond Grade 6 and does not have any friends. His father says this is because the public education system has failed James, who has fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
New Scientist - 3D facial analysis could help identify children with rare conditions
Children with rare conditions could be diagnosed quicker thanks to 3D facial analysis software.
So you know a little about me, my name is CJ and I am 35 years old. I was diagnosed with fetal alcohol syndrome when I was a baby. I was in foster care and then adopted by my last foster family when I was five years old, along with my older brother and sister who both also have FASD.
ProofAlliance - What are the Differences Between FASD and Autism?
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have a number of overlapping characteristics. They are both neurodevelopmental disabilities that can affect brain function, development, behavior, and social interaction.
CanFASD Blog - Genetic and Epigenetic Perspectives on the Role of Fathers in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Research evidence is clear that maternal prenatal alcohol exposure may lead to the child developing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). However, less research and discussion has focused on the potential contribution of paternal alcohol exposure on FASD.

British Columbia - Finding Purpose: Living with FASD (October 9, 2019 Vancouver Canada)
In his presentation Myles will share life experiences on what it is like to live with a disability that is so stigmatized and misunderstood. By giving personal examples of sensory issues, processing, and executive functioning Myles hopes to encourage and inspire audiences, and society as a whole, to change the way they see and understand FASD.
Maryelen And Paula Mcphail - FASD WORKSHOP (May 10, 2019 UK)
Workshops for professionals - social workers, teachers, GPs, adoption services - that work along side anyone with FASD or may think they have FASD.

University of British Columbia - PDFs and video recordings from the FASD Conference 2019
These materials are only posted with speakers’ consent. If the session you are looking for is not listed below, it means that the speaker did not allow for his/her presentation to be available online.
Mini Learning Module - FASD Explained
Taking 30 minutes or less to complete, our Mini Learning Modules capture everything you expect from Open Future and deliver it in a bite size format.
Kids Brain Health Network - FASD Through a Variety of Lenses – Dr. James Reynolds
Dr. Reynolds also spoke last week about FASD in the classroom with the British Columbia Provincial Outreach Program for FASD (POPFASD). In the podcast “FASD Through a Variety of Lenses,” Dr. Reynolds shares his knowledge, experience and ideas around how educators can best support students with FASD.
FASD Ontario - Your source of accurate, up-to-date FASD information for Ontario
Welcome to FASD Ontario, your source of accurate, up-to-date Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) information for Ontario. This website will help you find the closest available FASD services, learn about a variety of FASD topics, read the latest news and find training. We hope you visit the site often.

Dev Period Med. - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders - diagnostic difficulties in the neonatal period and new diagnostic approaches
Diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome is based on the appearance of growth deficiency, the presence of the three key features of facial dysmorphism (short palpebral fissures, thin upper lip, smooth or flattend philtrum) and/or disorders in the central nervous system (minimum 3) and prenatal exposure to alcohol (confirmed if possible).
Journal of Fetal Alcohol Risk and Prevention - Understanding Contraceptive Behaviour to Prevent Unintended Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies
Given the lifelong impacts that can be experienced for individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), prevention of unintended alcohol-exposed pregnancies is an area that requires serious attention.
Reproductive Toxicology - Statistical sensitivity analysis for the estimation of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders prevalence
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are thought to be the leading cause of developmental disabilities worldwide. Accurate estimates of the prevalence of FASD have been lacking.
Physical and Occupational Therapy In Pediatrics - Sensory Processing in Young Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Sensory processing differences in young children with FASD are supported when compared to children with PAE who are “at risk” for future diagnoses.
VIU - Supporting students with FASD and trauma
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is a neurodevelopemental disorder which is caused from prenatal consumption of alcohol.
The FASEB Journal - A zebrafish FASD model for congenital heart defects
Mothers who drink during pregnancy expose their developing babies to ethanol, and excessive drinking often produces devastating birth defects collectively termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
Acta Neuropathologica Communications - Targeting the β2-integrin LFA-1, reduces adverse neuroimmune actions in neuropathic susceptibility caused by prenatal alcohol exposure
Recently, moderate prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) was shown to be a risk factor for peripheral neuropathy following minor nerve injury. This effect coincides with elevated spinal cord astrocyte activation and ex vivo immune cell reactivity assessed by proinflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL) -1β protein expression.
University of Alberta Libraries - Short- and Long-Term Impacts of A Working Memory Intervention for Children with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
This dissertation consists of two studies designed to: (1) determine the neurobehavioural profile reflecting the strengths and limitations of children with Parental Alcohol Exposure (PAE) and (2) evaluate the short- and long-term impacts of a 25-session Cogmed© intervention on improving working memory and other cognitive, learning, and behavioural functioning in children with PAE.
Nursing Outlook - Pregnant and Parenting Women with a Substance Use Disorder: Actions and Policy for Enduring Therapeutic Practice
Journal of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Risk and Prevention - Predictors of Alcohol Use Disorders in Argentinean Pregnant Women
Urgent action is needed in the region to prevent prenatal drinking, and pregnant women with an AUD should be the focus of distinct efforts.
Repozytorium UR - The effect of alcohol on neuroglia in the developing brain and in adults
During puberty, the young body undergoes transformation not only within the reproductive and hormonal systems, but also significant changes in the central nervous system (CNS).
Dev Period Med. - Asymmetric neonatal spasms as an early sign of brain malformation potentially caused by regular light alcohol consumption during the first 22 weeks of pregnancy, a clinical case report
Spasms in the form of seizures are rarely reported in the neonatal period. Their recognition has to lead to urgent brain imaging study to look for the underlying cause and to implement timely, appropriate corrections in the treatment strategy.
Am Acad Pediatrics - Misalignment of Coronary Microvasculature Detected in a Model of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure using Optical Coherence Tomography
Congenital coronary anomalies can result in severe consequences such as arrhythmias and sudden death. Research has been dedicated to coronary development, but gaps exist in this area of study due to a lack of tools to visualize all the vessels.