Sunday, June 11, 2017

FASD News - 22/2017

CBC.ca (Canada) - Extreme FASD could mean rapist brothers not criminally responsible, say lawyers
Two young brothers who randomly kidnapped and raped a grade 12 student are both suffering from such severe cases of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) their lawyers say they may not be criminally responsible for their actions.
Medscape - Low Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Affects Facial Development
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), even at low levels, is consistently associated with differences in craniofacial shape among affected children, a new study shows. Differences resemble midfacial abnormalities associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
The Good Men Project - How Do You Get Through to a Child Who Doesn’t Think Logically?
We used to think that carrying a piece of drywall around with us so we could bang our head into it every time we had to re-explain something to our kid, or try to reason with him, was the ticket. And then, we discovered a better way to connect.
Romper - What Does It Mean If You Crave Alcohol While Pregnant? Science Can Explain Those Beer Cravings
Cravings are weird. There are times when you can pretty much set a clock by them, like "three days before my period, I will singlehandedly empty my kitchen of food." But in pregnancy it's different, and so are the cravings. What does it mean if you crave alcohol while pregnant?
Simon Fraser University - PhD research praises B.C. program treating indigenous youth living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Billie Joe Rogers has devoted the past five years to completing her PhD thesis, which evaluates a B.C. provincial program to support indigenous youth living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and involved in the juvenile justice system.
The Prevention Conversation - THERE IS NO RISK-FREE LEVEL OF ALCOHOL USE DURING PREGNANCY
By writing that studies are “ambiguous” in “Five myths about pregnancy” [Outlook, May 14], Amy Tuteur framed the issue of a safe level of alcohol use during pregnancy as an ongoing debate between opposing sides, each with scientific validity.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Clinical Eye Openers - Diagnosis of the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Eminent Presentation by Professor Kenneth L. Jones, Department of Pediatrics, Dysmorphology Program, University of California at San Diego, USA - Published in Clinical Eye Openers site(http://ceo.medword.net).
Queensland Family and Child Commission - Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
FASD learning forum presentation by Anne Russell, Founder and Executive Officer Russell Family Fetal Alcohol Disorders Association.
Queensland Family and Child Commission - Raising a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Phillip Barrett, parent and carer, talks about raising a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
Shoma Mittra - Baby Steps Episode 2 Change is Coming

RESEARCH
Acta Neuropathologica Communications - PLGF, a placental marker of fetal brain defects after in utero alcohol exposure
Most children with in utero alcohol exposure do not exhibit all features of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), and a challenge for clinicians is to make an early diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) to avoid lost opportunities for care.
Read more
Journal of Addictions Nursing - Educational Opportunities for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Prevention
Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Who is most affected by prenatal alcohol exposure: Boys or girls?
Boys and girls had mostly similar outcomes when prenatal alcohol exposure was linked to poor physical and neurocognitive development. Nevertheless, sex ratios implicate lower viability and survival of males by first grade, and girls have more dysmorphology and neurocognitive impairment than boys resulting in a higher probability of a FASD diagnosis.
JAMA Pediatrics - Prenatal Alcohol Exposure - No Safe Amount
Prenatal alcohol exposure is important for every mother to consider. Many women know that it is important to avoid alcohol during the first trimester of pregnancy, but there are some myths that suggest that drinking a small amount of alcohol in the second or third trimester is okay.
Laurentian University - Living with a sibling diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
The following document is a two-paper manuscript-based thesis investigating the experiences of siblings of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). According to the sibling literature, individuals are impacted by living with a brother or sister with a disability, but, much of the research has focused on siblings of individuals with Autism, Down Syndrome, or developmental disability in general.
The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry - The Psychiatric Morbidity of Women Who Give Birth to Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD): Results of the Manitoba Mothers and FASD Study
To investigate differences in physician-diagnosed psychiatric disorders between women who gave birth to children with a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) diagnosis (study group) compared to women who gave birth to children without FASD (comparison group).
NeuroToxicology - Retinoic acid prevents synaptic deficiencies induced by alcohol exposure during gastrulation in zebrafish embryos
In this study, we examined the effects of alcohol exposure during gastrulation on zebrafish embryos, specifically focusing on excitatory synaptic activity associated with neurons (Mauthner cells) that are born during gastrulation.
The Neuroscientist - Ethanol and the Developing Brain: Inhibition of Neuronal Activity and Neuroapoptosis
Ethanol induces massive neuroapoptosis in the developing brain. One of the main hypotheses that has been put forward to explain the deleterious actions of ethanol in the immature brain involves an inhibition of neuronal activity.
JAMA Pediatrics - Association Between Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Craniofacial Shape of Children at 12 Months of Age
Any alcohol consumption has consequences on craniofacial development, supporting advice that complete abstinence from alcohol while pregnant is the safest option; it remains unclear whether the facial differences are associated neurocognitive outcomes of prenatal alcohol exposure.
JAMA Pediatrics - New Opportunities for Evidence in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
The simultaneous occurrence of 3 facial features (small palpebral fissures, a smooth philtrum, and a thin upper lip), assessed clinically, is currently required to diagnose fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS); the simultaneous occurrence of 2 of the 3 features is required to diagnose partial FAS.
Journal of Family Nursing - A Grounded Theory of Mothering in the Early Years for Women Recovering From Substance Use
Women in recovery from addiction experience significant sociostructural barriers to reestablishing self, family, and home after having a baby.
Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Self-reported health, use of alcohol and illicit drugs, and criminality among adults with foetal alcohol syndrome
To investigate self-reported physical and psychiatric problems, use of alcohol and illicit drugs, as well as conviction, and being a victim, of crime in adults with foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
Alcohol and Alcoholism - Systematic Review of Guidelines on Managing Patients with Harmful Use of Alcohol in Primary Healthcare Settings
All 17 guidelines recommended screening and brief interventions due to its associated health and financial benefits. Policy makers are highly encouraged to integrate these practices into primary healthcare settings taking the drinking status, culture and resources into account.
PAHO - Actual and predicted prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy in Latin America and the Caribbean: systematic literature review and meta-analysis
Behavioural Brain Research - SEX-SPECIFIC EFFECTS OF DEVELOPMENTAL ALCOHOL EXPOSURE ON COCAINE-INDUCED PLACE PREFERNCE IN ADULTHOOD
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is associated with high rates of drug addiction in adulthood. One possible basis for increased drug use in this population is altered sensitivity to drug-associated contexts.

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