Sunday, November 1, 2020

FASD News - 43/2020

New Zealand Doctor Online (New Zealand) - ‘Epidemic’ of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder among Māori to come under spotlight
A University of Otago researcher has been awarded a grant to undertake vital research on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) which she says disproportionately affects Māori in epidemic proportions.
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Evening Telegraph (UK) - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Tayside mums reveal the reality of ‘invisible condition’
A recent report by Adoption Scotland found that more than one in three adopted children in Scotland are either diagnosed with or suspected to have fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). Now two mums from the Tayside area, whose adopted children both have the condition, have shared their stories.
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Millstone News (Canada) - $20,000 ‘Bell Let’s Talk’ grant helps local FASD kids and caregivers
Children’s Mental Health of Leeds & Grenville is pleased to receive a $20,000 grant from the Bell Let’s Talk Community Fund for the Rural FASD Support Network, which serves as a support and education group for individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and their caregivers in the counties of Lanark and Leeds-Grenville.
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Am J Psychiatry - Considering Prenatal Alcohol Exposure in a Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Framework
Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in humans are impossible to study via controlled experiments; we are limited to observational studies. Although alcohol is considered a teratogen, there is a lack of clarity about the nature of the association between prenatal alcohol exposure, particularly low-level exposure, and offspring development in part because of the potential for unmeasured factors to play a role.
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BabyGaga - Just 2 Drinks A Week Into Pregnancy Can Alter A Baby's Brain, Scientists Say
Consuming more than two alcoholic beverages per week during the early stages of pregnancy can be enough to stunt a baby's mental development. A University of Sydney study by scientists throws a slight wrench into a subject that most people seem to know because, in the opening weeks of gestation, many mothers aren't even aware that they are pregnant at all.
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The Good Men Project - Children With Disabilities Disproportionately Affected During COVID-19
The global pandemic has been hard on Canadians, but it has hit families affected by disability disproportionately, particularly young families. School-aged children with disabilities were suddenly without supports of any kind.
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Legislative Assembly of Ontario (Canada) - Bill 172, Education Statute Law Amendment Act (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder), 2020
There is a high prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) among children in Ontario, and the combination of deficits children with FASD face can make attending school a difficult and often traumatic experience.
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VIDEOS and MATERIAlS
Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Episode 3 - Let’s Talk About FASD and Sleep
In this episode we start to scratch the surface about how sleep is impacted by Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
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RESEARCH
Springer - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in adults
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a common cause of a congenital developmental disability acquired in the womb due to alcohol consumption by the mother during pregnancy.
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Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability - Long-term outcomes following Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) diagnosis in adulthood
An FASD diagnosis in adulthood can benefit individuals through more access to supports/services and greater personal understanding and adaptation.
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Child: Care, Health and Development - Comparing outcomes of children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in the child welfare system to those in other living situations in Canada: Results from the Canadian National FASD Database
Results offer rare insight into the lives of youth and adolescents under age 18 with diagnosed FASD who reside in child welfare care in contrast to those living with biological parent(s) or with adoptive or other family members.
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Languages - Language Development Disorder in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), a Case Study
Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause developmental damage in children. There are different types and ranges of alterations that fall under the name of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
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Ann Pediatr Res.- Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Chorioamnionitis Results in Microstructural Brain Injury in a Preclinical Investigation
The combination of moderate PAE+CHORIO results in an increased mortality, concomitant with diffuse microstructural brain injury noted in young adolescent offspring at PD28.
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Addiction - Are psychosocial interventions effective in reducing alcohol consumption during pregnancy and motherhood? A systematic review and meta‐analysis
In pregnant women identified as consuming alcohol, psychosocial interventions appear to increase abstinence rates compared with usual care or no intervention.
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Obstetrics, Gynaecology & Reproductive Medicine - Substance misuse in pregnancy
The combination of a chaotic, unpredictable lifestyle, financial constraints and lack of support associated with substance misuse makes optimising care a real challenge. However neonatal and maternal outcomes can be improved when kind, respectful care is provided and women engage with maternity and drug and alcohol services.
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Adversity and Resilience Science - Best Practices for Engaging Pregnant and Postpartum Women at Risk of Substance Use in Longitudinal Research Studies: a Qualitative Examination of Participant Preferences
There are significant barriers in engaging pregnant and postpartum women that are considered high-risk (e.g., those experiencing substance use and/or substance use disorders (SUD)) into longitudinal research studies.
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WIRedSpace - The effect of intrauterine alcohol exposure on postnatal skeletal development in Sprague Dawley rats
The detrimental effects of intrauterine alcohol exposure are well known, however, many women around the world continue to drink alcohol while pregnant. The deleterious effects include neurological deficiencies, intrauterine and postnatal growth retardation as well as craniofacial and skeletal deformities in addition to short stature and osteoporosis, with high propensity to fracture.
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CMAJ Open - Nurse home visiting and prenatal substance use in a socioeconomically disadvantaged population in British Columbia: analysis of prenatal secondary outcomes in an ongoing randomized controlled trial
We found no evidence that NFP was effective in reducing rates of prenatal cigarette and alcohol use; however, it led to reduced prenatal cannabis use, and in smokers it led to modest reductions in cigarette use.
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Addiction - Are psychosocial interventions effective in reducing alcohol consumption during pregnancy and motherhood? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Alcohol use by pregnant and parenting women can have serious and long-lasting consequences for both the mother and offspring. We reviewed the evidence for psychosocial interventions to reduce maternal drinking.
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Journal of Affective Disorders - Prenatal alcohol and tobacco use and the risk of depression in offspring at age of 17 years: findings from the Raine Study
Offspring exposed to prenatal alcohol and tobacco use had greater risks of depressive symptoms compared with unexposed offspring, suggesting early screening and prevention of these exposures could possibly reduce depressive symptoms in offspring.
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International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Association between maternal alcohol use during pregnancy and gestational diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis
Our findings suggest that there is no discernible association between maternal alcohol use during pregnancy and risk of GDM. However, given other possible pregnancy complications and adverse birth outcomes induced by alcohol use, women who have been pregnant and are planning to become pregnant should quit drinking.
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Universidad de Huelva - Health advice on alcohol consumption in pregnant women in Seville (Spain)
he recommended health advice to avoid alcohol consumption during pregnancy does not effectively reach a large proportion of pregnant women. Developing institutional programmes which help healthcare professionals to carry out effective preventive activities of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder is needed.
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IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Junis Konferens (Sweden) - Alkohol, graviditet och små barns hälsa
Av alla livsstilsval som görs i samband med en graviditet, har få så stor betydelse för barnets framtida hälsa och utveckling som valen kring alkohol. Samhället som helhet måste ha vilja, kunskap och förmåga att stärka familjen med både barn och föräldrar i fokus.
https://vimeo.com/463032836
https://vimeo.com/465292886
https://vimeo.com/467705880
https://vimeo.com/470083147

Milano Today (Italy) - La diagnosi impossibile dei bimbi Fasd: a Milano arriva l'associazione che aiuta le famiglie
„Si chiama Aidefad, è nata nel 2018, e ha l'obiettivo di supportare i genitori creando al contempo una valida rete di professionisti esperti di questa sindrome“
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BimbiSaniBelli (Italy) - No all’alcol in gravidanza,: i danni al feto durano a lungo
Sempre più giovani donne bevono vino, liquori, cocktail. Se però si assume alcol in gravidanza, i danni al feto possono essere numerosi e seri
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