Sunday, February 9, 2020

FASD News - 5/2020

EurekAlert - Self-care linked to greater confidence in parents of children with FASD
Children diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD)--caused by prenatal alcohol exposure--often face lifelong developmental, cognitive and behavioral problems.
ABC News (Australia) - Health experts warn Aussie drinking culture is causing hidden epidemic in children
Fetal alcohol specialists on the Sunshine Coast say the syndrome has become a hidden epidemic, with the number of children affected by prenatal alcohol exposure now believed to outnumber those diagnosed with autism and cerebral palsy.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Advocates seek more support for people struggling with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Vicky Morinville's daughter has been called lazy and difficult because she was born with a disability that's largely misunderstood and hard to diagnose.
The Kingston Whig-Standard (Canada) – Wynne revives Kiwala´s fetal alcohol disorder bill
A piece of legislation championed by former Kingston and the Islands MPP Sophie Kiwala is to get a second chance at Queen’s Park.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - People with brain injuries, developmental issues 'over-represented' in justice system
New Zealand's justice system is not set up for the high proportion of prisoners living with brain injuries and learning difficulties, potentially keeping them in the system and hampering rehabilitation, a report has found.
Office of the Prime Minister’s Chief Science Advisor (New Zealand) - What were they thinking? A discussion paper on brain and behaviour in relation to the justice system in New Zealand
Like all good trilogies, Ian Lambie’s series of three discussion papers exploring factors that have led Aotearoa New Zealand to have a high incarceration rate has turned out to have a fourth part.
East London and West Essex Guardian Series (UK) - Study reiterates call to avoid drinking alcohol during pregnancy
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy leads to poorer cognitive functioning in children, according to scientists.
Telegraph.co.uk (UK) - The inconvenient truth about drinking while pregnant
When I first became pregnant over ten years ago I was given a long list of health advice: don’t eat sushi, soft cheese or rare steak; don’t sleep on your back; stick to one coffee a day, and just one or two glasses of wine a week.
Edmonton and area Fetal Alcohol Network - CANFASD: LET’S TALK ABOUT FASD AND MENTAL HEALTH
Bell Let’s Talk launched in 2010 as a campaign to build understanding and catalyze action on mental health. The campaign has grown over the last 10 years and has been extremely influential in raising Canadians’ awareness of mental health.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
IOGT-NTO (Sweden) - Alcohol, pregnancy and infant health – a shared responsibility
Alcohol, pregnancy and infant health – a shared responsibility, is a new report from the IOGT-NTO in collaboration with CERA at the University of Gothenburg, the Swedish Society of Nursing, the Swedish Association of General Practice and the SAFF Foundation.
American Addiction Centers - Dangers of Drinking Alcohol While Pregnant
A leading nationwide provider of substance abuse treatment, American Addiction Centers treats clients struggling with drug addiction, alcohol addiction, and mental health/behavioral health issues.
Concept Clear - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome | Risks, Pathology, Clinical Presentation and Treatment
In this lecture, we discuss the Risks, Pathology, Clinical Presentation and Treatment of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
Susan Wendel – FASD
Please complete a short evaluation after viewing the video.

RESEARCH
The Lancet. Neurology - Diagnosis, epidemiology, assessment, pathophysiology, and management of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) frequently causes neurodevelopmental disorder, yet fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are often undiagnosed. Global prevalence rates of 0.77% for FASD and European / North American rates of 2–5% highlight the need for neurologists to engage in identification, assessment, and treatment of this preventable disorder.
Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability - Preliminary psychometric analysis of a neurobehavioural screening tool for foetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Results provide preliminary evidence that the NBST has adequate psychometric properties and may be a useful adjunctive screening tool for the medical diagnosis of FASD.
Logopedia Silesiana - Phoneme Analysis Ability in Children with the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Studies on FAS children show that only twenty per cent of sixyear- olds and fifty per cent of ten-year-olds can manage the task of phoneme operations. It is a natural consequence of the problems with memorising sounds and the linear order of words.
Research in Developmental Disabilities - Self-care in caregivers of children with FASD: How do caregivers care for themselves, and what are the benefits and obstacles for doing so?
Caregivers use a variety of strategies and face significant obstacles in self-care. Confidence in self-care may be associated with lower stress and greater satisfaction in the parenting role.
motheriskinternational.com - Meconium Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters (FAEE);A Biomarker for Quantifying Fetal Alcohol Exposure
How can clinicians know if a baby was seriously exposed to alcohol in pregnancy? This is critical to diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
motheriskinternational.com - Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
I am working in a center for children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. I have heard that hyperbaric chamber treatment may improve these children’s neurobehavioral achievements. Is this true?
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Health Needs Assessment in Brazil
The results of the current study indicate that FAS and FASD are prevalent disorders in Brazil, and more policies targeting alcohol intake during pregnancy must be developed.
Frontiers in Neuroscience - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Leads to Attention Deficits in Both Male and Female Rats
We show that the binge drinking pattern of PE led to attention deficits in both sexes of rats even though no major teratogenic effects were observed. Therefore, this rodent model can be used to study neural mechanisms underlying attention deficits caused by PE and to explore effective intervention approaches for FASD.
Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research - Use of Cannabis in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
In children and young adults with FASD, cannabis, mostly cannabidiol (CBD), has been associated with a marked and statistically significant improvement in serious disruptive behavior. These cases suggest that the efficacy and safety of CBD should be tested in well-controlled studies.
Neuroscience - Unisensory and Multisensory Responses in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): Effects of Spatial Congruence
While it is generally accepted that structural and functional brain deficits underlie the behavioral deficits associated with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), the degree to which these problems are expressed in sensory pathology is unknown.
Journal of Biophotonics - In vivo hemodynamic imaging of acute prenatal ethanol exposure in fetal brain by photoacoustic tomography
Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) can lead to structural and functional abnormalities in fetal brain. Although neural developmental deficits due to PEE have been recognized, the immediate effects of PEE on fetal brain vasculature and hemodynamics remain poorly understood.
International journal of Epidemiology - Evidence of detrimental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on offspring birthweight and neurodevelopment from a systematic review of quasi-experimental studies.
Systematic reviews of prenatal alcohol exposure effects generally only include conventional observational studies. However, estimates from such studies are prone to confounding and other biases.
Journal of Neuroinflammation - Immune network dysregulation associated with child neurodevelopmental delay: modulatory role of prenatal alcohol exposure
Taken together, this comprehensive assessment of immune markers allowed for the identification of unique immune milieus that are associated with alcohol exposure as well as both alcohol-related and alcohol-independent neurodevelopmental delay.
Advances in Nutrition - Docosahexaenoic Acid: Outlining the Therapeutic Nutrient Potential to Combat the Prenatal Alcohol-Induced Insults on Brain Development
This review will discuss the current evidence for the beneficial role of DHA in protecting against neuronal damage and its potential in mitigating the teratogenic effects of alcohol.
The Anatomical Record - Moderate prenatal ethanol exposure in the rat promotes kidney cell apoptosis, nephron deficits, and sex‐specific kidney dysfunction in adult offspring
Although the impact on adult kidney function was relatively minor, these data highlight that even at moderate levels, alcohol consumption during pregnancy can have deleterious long‐term outcomes and should be avoided.
Public Health Report - Paternal Involvement and Maternal Perinatal Behaviors: Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System, 2012-2015
Use of information on the AOP in addition to marital status provides a better understanding of factors that affect maternal behaviors.
J Public Health Manag Pract. - Variations by Education Status in Relationships Between Alcohol/Pregnancy Policies and Birth Outcomes and Prenatal Care Utilization: A Legal Epidemiology Study.
Effects of alcohol/pregnancy policies on birth outcomes and prenatal care use vary by education status, with women with more education typically experiencing health harms and women with less education either not experiencing the harms or experiencing health benefits.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
20 Minuten (Germany) - 2000 Kinder sind krank, weil Mutter getrunken hat
Der Kopf ist klein, die Oberlippen sind schmal und die Lidspalten sind kurz. Eine verminderte Intelligenz und starke Verhaltensauffälligkeiten sind weitere Spuren, die der Alkohol im Mutterleib beim Nachwuchs hinterlassen hat. Bis zu 425 Kinder werden pro Jahr mit einem fetalen Alkoholsyndrom (FAS) geboren, wie die «Aargauer Zeitung» schreibt.
Wochenblatt-Reporter (Germany) - Interaktive Ausstellung ZERO
Was passiert mit einem Fötus, wenn Alkohol über die Plazenta in seinem winzigen Körper ankommt?
Ticinonline (Italy) - Duemila neonati all'anno con disturbi dovuti al consumo di alcol
Hanno la testa piccola, un labbro superiore sottile e la palpebra corta. E presentano un deficit intellettivo e problemi comportamentali.

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