Sunday, July 30, 2017

FASD News - 30/2017

Belfast Live (Northern Ireland) - Co Down mum's mission to help other parents with children affected by Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Alison McNamara, from Dromore , wants to help other families who have children left with disabilities after the birth mother drank during pregnancy.
National Institutes of Health - NIH-funded mouse study sheds light on neural risks associated with prenatal alcohol exposure
Prenatal exposure to even low doses of alcohol may lead to severe and highly variable deficits in the brain of a fetus, according to a new study conducted in mice.
The Sunshine Coast Daily (Australia) - Australia's 'massive epidemic' of fetal alcohol sickness
AUSTRALIA is drowning in a "massive epidemic” of fetal alcohol disorders, a scholar has told a judge.
Medical Daily - Two Common Drugs May Reverse Fetal Alcohol Syndrome's Brain Damage When Given After Birth
The common drugs thyroxine and metformin show promise as a treatment for fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) after research showed they were able to reverse some of the brain damage from this condition in mice when given soon after birth.
Independent.ie (Ireland) - Patricia Casey: When will we call time on pregnant women drinking in Ireland?
Last week Health Minister Simon Harris launched a new strategy: Reducing Harm, Supporting Recovery - a health-led response to drug and alcohol use in Ireland 2017-2025.
Kennebec Journal & Morning Sentinel (USA) - Maine could face higher fetal alcohol syndrome rates, Colby conference professional says
Babies born in Maine probably will be more susceptible to physical and behavioral effects of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders because of higher rates of alcohol and drug use in the state compared to other parts of the country, according to a professional at a recent conference at Colby College.
Medical News Bulletin - Any Level of Alcohol During Pregnancy Results in Craniofacial Anomalies
Prenatal alcohol exposure typically leads to fetal alcohol syndrome and associated disorders. Muggli and colleagues found that even low levels of alcohol exposure are linked to craniofacial anomalies in children, which may indicate cognitive disorders even at low levels of alcohol exposure.
Blasting News - Another side-effect of alcohol discovered in fetuses
The long lasting effects of alcohol consumption by pregnant women on fetuses is increasingly surfacing. A recent study revealed another harmful effect of alcohol on the developing fetus in rats.
Daily Star - Strengths of people with disabilities emphasized
Researchers Dr. Rebecca Caines and Dr. Michelle Stewart from the University of Regina held workshops in the city. They were conducted in partnership with the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Society Yukon (FASSY) and other community organizations.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
AlcoholFreePregnancy - NOFAS Webinar: FASD Intervention and Treatment
Although prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) affects children’s behavior and leaning, there has been limited attention to specific methods for intervention and treatment for children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Ontario Ministry of Children and Youth Services - Aboriginal Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Child Nutrition Program
The Aboriginal Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and Child Nutrition Program is designed and delivered by Indigenous service providers to Indigenous children, youth and families across Ontario.

RESEARCH
Journal of Neuroinflammation - TLR4 response mediates ethanol-induced neurodevelopment alterations in a model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Inflammation during brain development participates in the pathogenesis of early brain injury and cognitive dysfunctions. Prenatal ethanol exposure affects the developing brain and causes neural impairment, cognitive and behavioral effects, collectively known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Human Brain Mapping - Localized reductions in resting-state functional connectivity in children with prenatal alcohol exposure
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are characterized by impairment in cognitive function that may or may not be accompanied by craniofacial anomalies, microcephaly, and/or growth retardation.
Alcoholism - Placental Proteomics Reveal Insights into Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
We conclude that the placenta is a valuable organ not only to understand FASD etiology but it may also serve as a diagnostic tool to identify novel biomarkers for detecting the outcome of fetal alcohol exposure.
PloS one - Heterogeneity of p53 dependent genomic responses following ethanol exposure in a developmental mouse model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Prenatal ethanol exposure can produce structural and functional deficits in the brain and result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). In rodent models acute exposure to a high concentration of alcohol causes increased apoptosis in the developing brain.
Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities - Perceptions of FASD by Minnesota public defenders
Persons diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are more likely to come into contact with the criminal justice system than general population controls. Although previous survey evidence has suggested that federal district attorneys are limited in their knowledge of the psycholegal impairments presented by defendants with this condition, such research has yet to have been conducted with state-specific public defenders.
Scientific Reports - Mechanisms underlying neuro-inflammation and neurodevelopmental toxicity in the mouse neocortex following prenatal exposure to ethanol
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) constitute a wide range of disorders that arise from prenatal exposure to ethanol (EtOH). However, detailed reports regarding the adverse effects of prenatal EtOH exposure on neocortical morphology and its underlying pathogenic mechanisms are limited.
Alcoholism - Children with Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Exhibit Atypical Gait Characteristics
Impaired motor function in children with histories of prenatal exposure to alcohol has been previously reported but, to date, no studies using quantitatively-based analyses have been performed to assess gait in these children.
The University of British Columbia - Pregnant women´ s perceptions of information about alcohol use during pregnancy: a qualitative pilot study
A significant percentage of women in the United States and Canada continue to use alcohol in pregnancy despite the clear recommendations of total abstinence from policy makers.
JARID - Disconnected lives: Women with intellectual disabilities in conflict with the law
Women with intellectual/developmental disabilities struggle to manage the impact of intergenerational trauma, exacerbated by issues of substance abuse and addiction, poor coping skills and minimal education, all of which impact their sense of well-being.
University of Namibia - Guidelines for healthcare professionals to manage children with foetal alcohol syndrome at health facilities in Khomas region, Namibia
In this study, the researcher explored and described the views of health care professionals who are managing children with foetal alcohol syndrome at public health facilities in the Khomas Region in Namibia.
Australasian Psychiatry - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder: diminished responsibility and mitigation of sentence
The objective of this study was to consider the implications of a recent Western Australia Court of Appeal decision in which an indigenous youth who had been sentenced for the manslaughter of his neonate child was later diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder.
Journal of Family Social Work - Serving families with child maltreatment and substance use disorders: A decade of learning
An increase in parental substance use disorders (SUD) and the number of infants and toddlers entering foster care has prompted federal and state efforts to change the treatment paradigm toward more integrated and family-centered strategies.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Mynewsdesk (Sweden) - FASD - en osynlig, men förebyggbar funktionsnedsättning
En av 67 kvinnor som konsumerar alkohol under graviditeten kommer att föda ett barn med fetalt alkoholsyndrom, FAS, vilket innebär att det globalt föds omkring 119 000 barn med FAS varje år, säger Svetlana Popova, läkare och forskare som arbetar på uppdrag av WHO.
Wochenblatt.de (Germany) - FASD - Kein Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft
Das Gesundheitsamt Mühldorf und das Berufliche Schulzentrum Mühldorf informierten über FASD, einer lebenslangen Beeinträchtigung wegen Alkoholkonsums während der Schwangerschaft.

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