Sunday, July 16, 2017

FASD News - 28/2017

Science Daily - Drinking alcohol while pregnant could have transgenerational effects
Soon-to-be mothers have heard the warning - don't drink while pregnant. Experts have issued numerous statements about the dangers of alcohol consumption during pregnancy, as it can lead to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).
Sky News Australia (Australia) - WA youth suicide inquest to focus on FASD
An inquest into a cluster of suicides by Aboriginal youths in WA's Kimberley region will hear from experts on foetal alcohol spectrum disorder, which is considered a likely contributing factor in some of the deaths.
Duncan Banner - Column: Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, a preventable disorder
This week we continue our series on children with a discussion of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, FASD. FASD is entirely preventable and caused by drinking while pregnant. Women who drink while pregnant can give birth to babies with FASD.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Misunderstood and bullied: Teen with fetal alcohol syndrome asks for compassion
When Marsha Munn adopted a baby boy 14 years ago, she knew her friend, the birth mother, liked to drink and party. She didn't know about fetal alcohol syndrome.
UB News Center - Why does prenatal alcohol exposure increase the likelihood of addiction?
One of the many negative consequences when fetuses are exposed to alcohol in the womb is an increased risk for drug addiction later in life. Neuroscientists in the University at Buffalo Research Institute on Addictions are discovering why.
National Indigenous Times - Study confirms long-term foetal alcohol effects
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder caused by their mothers drinking alcohol during pregnancy are more likely to fail at school, talk about killing themselves and have problems paying attention.
Medical Xpress - Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders lag in emotional understanding
A new study reveals that children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) show a striking developmental delay in their understanding of emotions. Even in those children with an average IQ, researchers found that their emotional understanding was lagging by two to five years behind their typically developing peers.
BMC Blogs Network - Alcohol and fertility: what all women’s health professionals should know
In the review article “Alcohol and fertility: how much is too much” published in Fertility Research and Practice, Dr. Kristin Van Heertum and Dr. Brooke Rossi discuss what we really need to know about alcohol and fertility. The authors review a wide variety of data and provide a summary of the most salient points.

VIDEOS AND MATERIALS
YourAlberta - FASD and Women
Ashley Baxter and Dr. Therese Grant discuss how FASD impacts everyone differently, and how when coupled with childhood trauma, it can lead to layers of victimization. This presentation aims to provide an overview of what trauma looks like, what FASD looks like and what methods work when working with this population.
YourAlberta - FASD and Justice – A Moderated Discussion
In this moderated interview, Sharon Pearcey and Donna Kristiansen, will seek to answer questions and give expert guidance about navigating the justice system.
YourAlberta - FASD and the Law – A Moderated Discussion
This moderated discussion will seek to answer questions and give expert guidance about navigating the legal system. We will explore the special needs of a person with an FASD who is navigating the courts and the legal system, and the creative ways our panelists have overcome them or believe they can be surmounted.
Clinical Eye Openers - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and Developmental Outcomes
Eminent Presentation by Professor Claire D. Coles (Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA, US) at the Ukrainian Catholic University, Lviv, Ukraine, April 2017. Published in Clinical Eye Openers site (http://ceo.medword.net).
AlcoholFreePregnancy - Webinar: Introduction to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: The Medical Assistant’s Role
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is an umbrella term used to describe the range of effects that can be caused by exposure to alcohol in utero, including growth deficiencies, facial abnormalities, central nervous system impairment, behavioral disorders, and impaired intellectual functioning.

RESEARCH
Sci Rep. - Mechanisms underlying neuro-inflammation and neurodevelopmental toxicity in the mouse neocortex following prenatal exposure to ethanol.
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) constitute a wide range of disorders that arise from prenatal exposure to ethanol (EtOH). However, detailed reports regarding the adverse effects of prenatal EtOH exposure on neocortical morphology and its underlying pathogenic mechanisms are limited.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Metabolomics and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A Mini-Review
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a major public health issue that encompasses an array of physical, neurological and behavioral effects due to alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Journal of Applied Toxicology - Maternal alcohol consumption and altered miRNAs in the developing fetus: Context and future perspectives
Alcohol is a teratogenic agent that can cause a wide range of developmental disorders, and sometimes, the effects persist throughout an individual's lifetime.
Cerebral Cortex - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure and Neocortical Development: A Transgenerational Model of FASD
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, or FASD, represent a range of adverse developmental conditions caused by prenatal ethanol exposure (PrEE) from maternal consumption of alcohol.
Neuropharmacology - Maternal alcohol binge drinking induces persistent neuroinflammation associated with myelin damage and behavioural dysfunctions in offspring mice
Alcohol binge drinking is on the increase in the young adult population, and consumption during pregnancy can be deleterious for foetal development. Maternal alcohol consumption leads to a wide range of long-lasting morphological and behavioural deficiencies known as foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), associated with neurodevelopmental disabilities.
Bulletin of the World Health Organization - Counting the costs of drinking alcohol during pregnancy: researchers are starting to shed light on the true extent of alcohol consumption during pregnancy
Alcohol is poisonous to the developing fetus throughout the entire nine months of gestation. When a mother-to-be consumes alcohol, it goes directly to the fetus through her blood stream.
Acta Pediatrica - Alcohol exposure during pregnancy altered childhood developmental trajectories in a rural South African community
This study examined the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on childhood development trajectories in a rural South African community between 2003 and 2008.
Birth Defects Research - Differences in neural crest sensitivity to ethanol account for the infrequency of anterior segment defects in the eye compared with craniofacial anomalies in a zebrafish model of fetal alcohol syndrome
Ethanol (ETOH) exposure during pregnancy is associated with craniofacial and neurologic abnormalities, but infrequently disrupts the anterior segment of the eye. In these studies, we used zebrafish to investigate differences in the teratogenic effect of ETOH on craniofacial, periocular, and ocular neural crest.
Neurogenesis - Disruptions to hippocampal adult neurogenesis in rodent models of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Exposure of the embryo and fetus to alcohol can lead to abnormal physical, neuroanatomical, and behavioral development, collectively known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs).
Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Effects of early-life adversity on immune function are mediated by prenatal environment: Role of prenatal alcohol exposure
The contribution of the early postnatal environment to the pervasive effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is poorly understood. Moreover, PAE often carries increased risk of exposure to adversity/stress during early life.
Scandinavian Journal of Public Health - Care and supportive measures in school-aged children with prenatal substance exposure
Prenatal exposure to substances, including alcohol, opiates, and a number of illicit drugs, may have a negative impact on fetal development. Studies have shown that substance exposure can influence a child’s neurodevelopment and the need for care and supportive measures.
Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse - Smoking and alcohol use among women in Russia: Dual risk for prenatal exposure
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can produce adverse outcomes; maternal smoking compounds this risk. We examined prevalence of smoking and associations between smoking and alcohol use in Russian women of childbearing age (N = 648).
European Psychiatry - Effect of prenatal exposure to alcohol on the development of brain vessels in human embryos and fetuses
Maternal alcoholization during pregnancy significantly influences the development of the cerebral circulatory system, manifesting mainly in changes in the vascularization of the growing brain.
European Psychiatry - Effect of chronic exposure of Losartan in mouse prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) model
Foetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a condition that currently affects 1% of babies born in Europe and North America. It is characterised by memory impairment, developmental delay and distinctive facial features.
Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment - Mental Health in School-Aged Children Prenatally Exposed to Alcohol and Other Substances
Prenatal exposure to substances can possibly influence a child’s neurodevelopment and may impact on subsequent mental health. We investigated the mental health status of school-aged children referred to a pediatric hospital with a history of prenatal exposure to alcohol or other substances.
Brain Imaging and Behavior - Neural correlates of verbal memory in youth with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure
Prenatal alcohol exposure can impact both brain development and neurobehavioral function, including verbal learning and recall, although the relation between verbal recall and brain structure in this population has not been examined fully.
Alcohol - Talking to Parents About Behavioral Problems in Children Following Prenatal Illicit Substance Exposure
A 36-month-old girl with a reported history of prenatal substance exposure is brought to an outpatient pediatric clinic to establish care and receive immunizations to enroll in daycare.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Kinderaerzte-im-Netz (Germany) - Erste gemeinsame Tagung zur Fetalen Alkohol Spektrums-Störung (FASD) in Berlin
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, FASD oder Alkoholspektrumstörung heißt die Behinderung, mit der jedes Jahr in Deutschland zwischen 3.000 und 4.000 Kinder zur Welt kommen. FASD ist wahrscheinlich die häufigste angeborene Störung mit Intelligenzminderung. FASD entsteht, wenn die Mutter während der Schwangerschaft Alkohol trinkt.
Ziarul Evenimentul (Romania) - Efectele alcoolului consumat în timpul sarcinii
Conform unui studiu realizat recent la Universitatea Riverside din California, Statele Unite, citat de UPI, consumul de alcool în timpul sarcinii nu are efect negativ numai asupra copilului aflat în perioada intrauterină, ci şi a viitoarelor generaţii
ElEspectador.com (Spain) - Lo que le puede pasar a su hijo a largo plazo si consume alcohol en el embarazo
Ingerir alcohol durante la gestación, así sea de forma esporádica, interrumpe el sistema nervioso central y contribuye al daño cerebral y a la neurodegeneración en adolescentes y adultos, según científicos de la Universidad Pompeu Fabra, en Barcelona.
iReactor (Russia) - Употребление алкоголя во время беременности может вызвать нарушение развития мозга ребенка...
Ученые призывают всех будущих матерей не пить во время беременности. Центр по контролю и профилактике заболеваний (CDC) опубликовал многочисленные материалы об опасностях употребления алкоголя во время беременности, поскольку это может привести к нарушениям функции плода в спиртовой среде (FASD) у новорожденных....
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