Monday, April 17, 2017

FASD News - 15/2017

News-Medical.net - Study compares alcohol consumption during pregnancy across European countries
A study among over 7000 women in 11 European countries shows the proportion of women in Europe who drink alcohol when they know they are pregnant is lowest in Norway and highest in the UK.
Emporia Gazette - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders discussed
April is the month of the young child, and to open activities, St. Francis Community Services hosted a workshop on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders for community members.
Newcastle Herald (Australia) - New campaign tackles Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Hunter's multicultural communities
THE harmful effect of alcohol consumption during pregnancy is the focus of a new prevention campaign targeted at Newcastle’s multicultural communities.
Sioux Falls Argus Leader (USA) - Wanted: An end to health crises killing Native Americans
Fetal alcohol syndrome and higher infant mortality rates plague South Dakota reservations. Shannon County, located on the Pine Ridge reservation, also suffers from higher rates of sexually transmitted diseases, obesity and smoking than the rest of the state, according to county health rankings from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
Policy Options (Canada) - The invisibility of people with developmental disabilities
With the recent federal commitment to increase mental health funding across Canada, we need to turn our attention to people with developmental disabilities – individuals who are currently invisible within Canada’s mental health system. This group has some of the greatest needs for mental health services and supports, yet is rarely acknowledged or targeted in mental health efforts.
ScrollToday (UK) - Drinking during pregnancy? British women drink the most during pregnancy
According to a new survey that was conducted around 11 European countries and included 7,905 women, Britain (28.5 per cent) scored highest in alcohol consumption during pregnancy, followed by Russia (26.5 per cent) and Switzerland (20.9 per cent).
Derry Journal - Women who binge drink BEFORE becoming pregnant ‘more likely’ to have diabetic babies
Women who binge drink before they become pregnant can still harm their babies, warns new research.
US Department of Veteran Affairs (USA) - Alcohol and pregnancy: What women Veterans should know
Increasing numbers of women Veterans of childbearing age are enrolling in VA health care. Consequently, information on optimizing pregnancy outcomes is important for women Veterans, their families, and their providers.

RESEARCH
NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY - Epigenetic Mechanisms and Treatments of Fetal Alcohol Exposure-Induced Memory Impairment and Metabolic Dysregulation
In my thesis work, I aimed to identify underlying biological mechanisms of the FAE-induced hippocampus-based cognitive deficits that would lead to identify potential treatment targets to reverse the deficits.
Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy of Science - Alterations in cell cycle progression associated with transcription factor E2F1 in FASD
Phenotypes from alcohol exposure during fetal development, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), include facial dysmorphology, neurological underdevelopment and cognitive loss.
Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy - Effects of alcohol on Chk2 expression and cellular localization in a model of FASD and adult alcoholism
Fetal alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are associated with reduced proliferation and loss of large numbers of neural crest stem cells. Previous studies suggest that alcohol increases oxidative stress inducing DNA damage and increasing apoptosis in a p53 independent manor.
Proceedings of the West Virginia Academy - Effects of Alcohol on CHK-1 and Phospho-CHK-1 in Neuronal Stem Cell losses in FASD
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are associated with changes in proliferation and induced cell losses of neuronal stem cells during development. Alcohol induced oxidative stress has been noted in previous studies to cause chronic genomic instability and DNA damage.
University of British Columbia - Indigenous parents of students with special needs in education : the lived experience
Parents of students with special needs may experience stressors in association with their interaction with the education system. Meetings with multiple professionals can be intimidating, the process of assessment can be confusing, terminology used may be unfamiliar, and realizing their child is having challenges may be upsetting.
Alcoholism - Preventing Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Self-Administered Version of Project CHOICES With College Students and Nonstudents
Alcohol-exposed pregnancies (AEPs) are a preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities for which many women are at risk. The initial 5-session Project CHOICES intervention was found to prevent AEPs.
Neuroscience - Neonatal alcohol exposure reduces number of parvalbumin-positive interneurons in the medial prefrontal cortex and impairs passive avoidance acquisition in mice deficits not rescued from exercise
Developmental alcohol exposure causes a host of cognitive and neuroanatomical abnormalities, one of which is impaired executive functioning resulting from medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) damage.
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Harnessing neural stem cells for treating psychiatric symptoms associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and epilepsy
Brain insults with progressive neurodegeneration are inherent in pathological symptoms that represent many psychiatric illnesses. Neural network disruptions characterized by impaired neurogenesis have been recognized to precede, accompany, and possibly even exacerbate the evolution and progression of symptoms of psychiatric disorders.
British Journal of Music Therapy - Music therapy intervention effects in the non declarative memory of children with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome children (FAS)
This study aimed to investigate the effects of music therapy treatment applied to the non declarative memory development in the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome children (FAS).
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - In utero alcohol effects on foetal, neonatal and childhood lung disease
Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy exposes both premature and term newborns to the toxicity of alcohol and its metabolites. Foetal alcohol exposure adversely effects the lung.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Nationale Zorggids (Netherlands) - ZONMW PLEIT VOOR MEER KENNIS OVER FOETAAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM STOORNIS
Geboorteafwijkingen door alcoholgebruik tijdens de zwangerschap zijn vermijdbaar. Dat het foetaal alcohol spectrum stoornis (FASD) desondanks voorkomt, is te wijten aan onvoldoende effectieve preventie.
Hyvä Terveys (Finland) - ”Kysyisin äidiltä, miksi hän joi”
Äidin raskaudenaikainen alkoholinkäyttö uhkaa yhä tuhansien lapsien elämää Suomessa. Mikko on yksi FASD-nuori.
Rynek Zdrowia (Poland) - Ostrów Wielkopolski: kara w zawieszeniu dla matki pijanej podczas porodu
Na karę więzienia w zawieszeniu i zakaz picia alkoholu skazał w środę (12 kwietnia) Sąd Rejonowy w Ostrowie Wielkopolskim 33-letnią mieszkankę tego miasta, która mając ponad 3 promile alkoholu urodziła dziecko. Sąd uznał, że zachowanie matki narażało zdrowie i życie noworodka.

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