Sunday, January 10, 2016

FASD News - 1/2016

Medical Xpress - Over 400 conditions co-occur with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), study finds
Researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) have identified 428 distinct disease conditions that co-occur in people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), in the most comprehensive review of its kind.
BBC News (UK) - New alcohol guidelines: What you need to know
the new guidelines for pregnant women have now been updated in England, Wales and Northern Ireland to be clear that no level of alcohol is safe to drink in pregnancy. (New Zealand) - Marlborough caregivers welcome government FASD plan
Marlborough residents are being encouraged to have their say on a government discussion paper on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. The document was released by the Ministry of Health in December and contains information that will inform an action plan on the disorder to be released by the government in June.
Times LIVE - Alcohol toxic during pregnancy
There are more than 428 medical conditions, diseases or developmental problems related to foetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
The Chronicle Journal - Avoid alcohol during pregnancy: doctor
Researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have identified 428 distinct disease conditions that can co-occur in people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, in the most comprehensive review of its kind.
St Helens Star (UK) - Marie Rimmer alarmed by rates of mums who drink through pregnancy
FRESH worries have been raised over the amount of mothers who drink through pregnancy in light of figures which show St Helens has the fourth highest rate in the country for women admitted to hospital through alcohol related illnesses.

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The Lancet - Comorbidity of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Of 5068 studies found, 127 met eligibility criteria for data extraction. From those studies, we identified 428 comorbid conditions co-occurring in individuals with FASD, spanning across 18 of 22 chapters of the ICD-10.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence - The continuum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in four rural communities in south africa: Prevalence and characteristics
Prevalence and characteristics of the continuum of diagnoses within fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were researched in previously unstudied rural, agricultural, lower socioeconomic populations in South Africa (ZA).
Alcoholism - Worldwide Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Literature Review Including Meta-Analysis
The worldwide pooled prevalence estimates are higher than assumed so far, but this was largely explained by geography and descent. Furthermore, prevalence studies varied considerably in terms of used methodology and methodological quality. The pooled estimates must therefore be interpreted with caution and for future research it is highly recommended to report methodology in a more comprehensive way.
ALCOHOLISM: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH - The Impact of Prenatal Ethanol Exposure on Neuroanatomical and Behavioral Development in Mice
In utero alcohol, or ethanol (EtOH), exposure produces developmental abnormalities in the brain of the fetus, which can result in lifelong behavioral abnormalities. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is a term used to describe a range of adverse developmental conditions caused by EtOH exposure during gestation.
ALCOHOLISM: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH - Interhemispheric Functional Brain Connectivity in Neonates with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: Preliminary Findings
Children exposed to alcohol in utero demonstrate reduced white matter microstructural integrity. While early evidence suggests altered functional brain connectivity in the lateralization of motor networks in school-age children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), the specific effects of alcohol exposure on the establishment of intrinsic connectivity in early infancy have not been explored.
ALCOHOLISM - Inhibition of Mammary Cancer Progression in Fetal Alcohol Exposed Rats by β-Endorphin Neurons
Fetal alcohol exposure (FAE) increases the susceptibility to carcinogen-induced mammary cancer progression in rodent models. FAE also decreases β-endorphin (β-EP) level and causes hyperstress response, which leads to inhibition of immune function against cancer.
ALCOHOLISM - Maternal Exposure to Ethanol During Pregnancy and Lactation Affects Glutamatergic System and Induces Oxidative Stress in Offspring Hippocampus
Alcohol abuse during pregnancy leads to intellectual disability and morphological defects in the offspring. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of chronic maternal ethanol (EtOH) consumption during pregnancy and lactation on glutamatergic transmission regulation, energy deficit, and oxidative stress in the hippocampus of the offspring.
Journal of Attention Disorders - Comparing Executive Functioning in Children and Adolescents With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and ADHD: A Meta-Analysis
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are associated with a range of neurocognitive impairments. Executive functioning deficits are a hallmark feature of both disorders.
Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse - Preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies among Hispanic women
Project Healthy CHOICES, a self-administered, mail-based prevention intervention, was developed for women at risk of an alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP). Participants were sent their assessment and study materials through the United States Postal Service.

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