Sunday, September 28, 2014

FASD News - 38/2014

CBC.ca (Canada) - Ontario FASD diagnostic services can't meet the demand
Medical experts say a lack of diagnostic services in Ontario is preventing people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder from reaching their full potential.
CBCNews (Canada) - Nunavut FASD posters provoke strong reaction
The Nunavut government’s dramatic new campaign to prevent fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is provoking a strong reaction from residents.
ABC Online (Australia) - Indefinite jail terms for FASD sufferers inappropriate, WA Chief Justice Wayne Martin says
WA Chief Justice Wayne Martin has said it is not appropriate for people with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) to be indefinitely locked up under laws for the mentally impaired charged with crimes.
Kansas.com (USA) - Foley family copes with fetal alcohol disorder
Crystal Chmielewski is playing with the family dog two hours before her orientation at Bridges. "I'm pretty excited," the 19-year-old says about her first day at the Sauk Rapids High School program that will help her prepare for a career.
Alaska Highway News - Resources for FASD available
Unlike many diseases and disorders, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is entirely preventable, and various local resources are available to help families and childrenaffected. 
Northern Journal (Canada) - Volunteers stitch together picture of FASD
As of last week, a new quilt hangs in the Northwest Territories Legislature, depicting personal stories about the impact of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) on communities across the territory.
SABC (South Africa) - N Cape govt to tackle Foetal Alcohol Syndrome
The Northern Cape government wants liquor stores and taverns to stop selling alcohol to pregnant women.
Frontiers - Fetal alcohol and the right to be born healthy…
Finding the cause and applying the insights towards prevention and treatment forms the ultimate goal of most disease research. This strategy has been successfully used to make diseases like Scurvy and Smallpox, a history.

UPCOMING
Third European Conference on FASD
Building on the success of the first European conference on FASD (Kerkrade, Netherlands, 2010) and the second European conference on FASD (Barcelona, Spain, 2012), we are pleased to announce the third European conference on FASD, to be held in Rome.
7th Annual Fall FASD Conference – November 22, 2014
The conference has been organized by the FASD Collaboration Roundtable’s participating agencies’
representatives to provide an opportunity for learning and networking around FASD through a variety of forums, including lecture, information tables and group discussions.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Mothers to Baby - 2014 FASD Awareness Month
Did you know it's estimated that 1 in 100 kids are affected by prenatal alcohol exposure? Many women need help to stop drinking during pregnancy. Get expert help on www.MotherToBaby.org
YourAlberta - Strengthening Parent-Child Attachment Relationship in Children and Parents
Dr. Sonya Vellet summarizes 50 years of research in the areas of attachment, child mental health, brain development and FASD.

RESEARCH
European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Prenatal exposure to binge pattern of alcohol consumption: mental health and learning outcomes at age 11
The objective of the study is to investigate whether episodic binge pattern of alcohol consumption during pregnancy is independently associated with child mental health and academic outcomes.
Developmental Psychobiology - Exposure to ethanol on prenatal days 19-20 increases ethanol intake and palatability in the infant rat: involvement of kappa and mu opioid receptors
Prenatal exposure to ethanol on gestation Days 19–20, but not 17–18, increases ethanol acceptance in infant rats. This effect seems to be a conditioned response acquired prenatally, mediated by the opioid system, which could be stimulated by ethanol's pharmacological properties (mu-opioid receptors) or by a component of the amniotic fluid from gestation-day 20 (kappa-inducing factor).
PLoS One - Prenatal alcohol exposure increases postnatal acceptability of nicotine odor and taste in adolescent rats
Human studies indicate that alcohol exposure during gestation not only increases the chance for later alcohol abuse, but also nicotine dependence. The flavor attributes of both alcohol and nicotine can be important determinants of their initial acceptance and they both share the component chemosensory qualities of an aversive odor, bitter taste and oral irritation.
Alcohol - Chronic prenatal ethanol exposure alters expression of central and peripheral insulin signaling molecules in adult guinea pig offspring
Maternal ethanol consumption during pregnancy can produce a range of teratogenic outcomes in offspring. The mechanism of ethanol teratogenicity is multi-faceted, but may involve alterations in insulin and insulin-like growth factor (IGF) signaling pathways.
Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society - The clinical utility and specificity of parent report of executive function among children with prenatal alcohol exposure
Prenatal alcohol exposure and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) result in behavioral issues related to poor executive function (EF). This overlap may hinder clinical identification of alcohol-exposed children.
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - Study protocol: Asking QUestions about Alcohol in pregnancy (AQUA): a longitudinal cohort study of fetal effects of low to moderate alcohol exposure
Despite extensive research, a direct correlation between low to moderate prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders has been elusive. Conflicting results are attributed to a lack of accurate and detailed data on PAE and incomplete information on contributing factors.
PLoS One - Inhibition of histone H3K9 acetylation by anacardic acid can correct the over-expression of Gata4 in the hearts of fetal mice exposed to alcohol during pregnancy
Cardiovascular malformations can be caused by abnormalities in Gata4 expression during fetal development. In a previous study, we demonstrated that ethanol exposure could lead to histone hyperacetylation and Gata4 over-expression in fetal mouse hearts.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
BimbiSaniBelli (Italy) - Alcol in gravidanza: conseguenze sul cervello del neonato
Nonostante gli esperti lo sostengano da anni, non tutte le donne pensano che bere alcol in gravidanza sia davvero nocivo. Alcune sono convinte che piccole quantità non facciano male né a loro né al bambino. In realtà, non è così, anche se è vero che i rischi maggiori si hanno con un consumo elevato di bevande alcoliche.

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