Sunday, December 6, 2020

FASD News - 48/2020

Gisborn Herald (New Zealand) - Taking action on FASD rates among Maori
A UNIVERSITY of Otago researcher who works in Gisborne has been awarded a grant to undertake vital research on Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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Stuff (New Zealand) - 'Bicultural approach needed' to address foetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Māori
Weaving Māori values in with those of western medicine will provide better outcomes for tangata whenua in the treatment of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder, researchers say.
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CanFASD – Book Review: FASD and the Online World
Every parent struggles with managing the internet and social media for their child(ren) but there are additional worries when it comes to raising a child with FASD in this digital world.
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS
PreventionInstitute1 - Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is complicated. Prenatal alcohol exposure impacts the brain and body. Each person is affected differently. Myles Himmelreich joins Marlene Dray and Bev Drew to help increase understanding of the complexities of FASD.
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First 5 Santa Clara County - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs)
This video explores what FASDs are, how FASDs affect behavior, and why FASDs are difficult to diagnose. Included are interviews with Dr. Ira Chasnoff, president of NTI Upstream and a Professor of Clinical Pediatrics at the University of Illinois College of Medicine in Chicago, Kathy Page of FASD NorCal, Christine Clifford, and Shirley Sparks, the FASD Parent Support Group Coordinator at Parents Helping Parents.
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Partnership for Maternal & Child Health of Northern New Jersey - Common Myths about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
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CanFASD - Sleep in Children with FASD
Sleep, or lack thereof, can be a problem for many people, but it can be a significant issue for those who have fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The aim of this video is to help you understand sleep disruption for children 6 years old and under with FASD and discuss some practical approaches to managing sleep.
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CanFASD - Parents of Individuals with FASD Raising their Grandchildren
Parents of individuals with FASD share their experiences in raising their grandchildren and talk about the role research can play in getting better supports.
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Spotlight on FASD - Podcast Episode 7 - An interview with Dr Raja Mukherjee, Part Two
In the second part of our brilliant interview with Dr Raja Mukherjee, he talks about why the narrative around FASD needs to change.
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The FASD Project – The Film
The FASD project is a film seeking to rapidly increase awareness of the risks of alcohol consumption in pregnancy within a short period of time, given the significant increase in alcohol consumption since the onset of the global pandemic.
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CanFASD - Pain as Experienced by People with FASD
Pain and FASD is a very complex, under-researched, and misunderstood topic. This panel discussion dives into the topic of pain as experienced by people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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RESEARCH
ERA - The Self-Awareness of Adolescents with FASD: A Secondary Analysis Study
These findings indicate that the online awareness of adolescents with FASD was consistent. Further study is needed to explore individuals' online awareness within FASD populations and examine whether online awareness is a potential area of strength for adolescents with FASD.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - An investigation of the link between prenatal alcohol exposure and sleep problems across childhood
Heavy PAE was associated with significantly more sleep problems across childhood and a higher probability of reporting persistent sleep problems, relative to children with no PAE. Implications for the understanding and management of sleep in young children with PAE and FASD are discussed.
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Brain Research Bulletin - Agmatine Improves the Behavioral and Cognitive Impairments Associated with Chronic Gestational Ethanol Exposure in Rats
This study provides functional evidences for the therapeutic potential of agmatine in cognitive impairment and other neurological complications associated with FASD.
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ERA - Achivement Motivation and Intervention Impacts in Adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
This dissertation consists of three separate papers that contribute to an increased understanding of achievement motivation and discuss how it can guide interventions for adolescents with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Fetal Alcohol Exposure Alters BOLD Activation Patterns in Brain Regions Mediating the Interpretation of Facial Affect
These findings of greater BOLD signal in the FAS/PFAS group in response to neutral faces suggest less efficient neural processing of more difficult to interpret emotions, and the weaker BOLD response to angry faces suggests altered processing of angry stimuli.
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ERA - Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Brain in Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Advances in Measuring Cortical Microstructure
This thesis provides novel contributions to the understanding of the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the developing brain and provides methodological advances for future studies of the development of cortical microstructure.
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Research Square - The Prevalence and Characteristic of Sleep Problems among Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).
Sleep disorders are more common among individuals with FASD than among healthy children. As distorted sleep can affect daily performance and worsen neurodevelopmental issues, it is vital for the pediatricians and other FASD specialists to include the question about sleep in the anamnesis.
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Acta Neuropathologica Communications - Prenatal alcohol exposure is a leading cause of interneuronopathy in humans
Our results are globally concordant with those previously obtained in mouse models, in which alcohol has been shown to induce an interneuronopathy by affecting interneuron density and positioning within the cortical plate, and which could account for the neurological disabilities observed in children with foetal alcohol disorder spectrum.
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Journal of Adolescence - Completed secondary education among youth with prenatal substance exposure: A longitudinal register-based matched cohort study
Inferior educational outcomes may not be directly linked with prenatal substance exposure but may rather reflect the extent of evolving offspring's mental and/or behavioural disorders over time influenced by childhood adversities.
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Journal of Biomedical Optics - Dose-response analysis of microvasculature changes in the murine fetal brain and the maternal extremities due to prenatal ethanol exposure
Results showed a dose-dependent reduction in vascular blood flow in fetal brain vessels when the mother was exposed to ethanol, whereas vessels in the maternal hindlimb exhibited concurrent vasodilation.
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Protocols for High‐Risk Pregnancies - Alcohol Use in Pregnancy and Lactation
Alcohol use during pregnancy has been associated with an increased risk of fetal death in some, but not all, studies. Most studies have focused on the negative effects of alcohol on fetal development.
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Archives of Disease in Childhood - Genetic testing in patients with possible foetal alcohol spectrum disorder
110 patients were included. 130 tests were carried out, including 86 array comparative genomic hybridisation tests. The overall diagnostic rate for a contributing genetic disorder was 3.6%, all being chromosomal disorders and chromosome copy number variants.
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Fetal Alcohol Exposure Alters BOLD Activation Patterns in Brain Regions Mediating the Interpretation of Facial Affect
These findings of greater BOLD signal in the FAS/PFAS group in response to neutral faces suggest less efficient neural processing of more difficult to interpret emotions, and the weaker BOLD response to angry faces suggests altered processing of angry stimuli.
Read more

Research in Developmental Disabilities - Yarning about fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Outcomes of a community-based workshop
The current study identified key learnings from workshop facilitators and participants. The findings call attention to the importance of a co-design approach, where collaboration is vital to support the appropriate adaption of evidence-based practice to suit the local context.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - The prevalence, child characteristics, and maternal risk factors for the continuum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A sixth population-based study in the same South African community
Seventeen years after the first study in this community, FASD prevalence remains high at 16 %–31 %. The FAS rate may have declined somewhat, but rates of PFAS and ARND seemed to plateau, at a high rate.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence – Prenatal Substance Exposure and Developmental Trajectories of Internalizing Symptoms: Toddlerhood to Preadolescence
Prenatal tobacco exposure was associated with suboptimal developmental trajectories of internalizing symptoms in the context of prenatal poly-drug exposure, highlighting a need for continued and increased effort toward prevention of prenatal tobacco use.
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Europe BMC - Opinions on Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy and The Role of The Medical Staff as an Expert in This Regard - A Grounded Theory Analysis of Online Forum Discussions
lcohol consumption during pregnancy should be addressed regularly in the care of all pregnant women. In addition to information on consumption risks, information on support offers is relevant.
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Pediatric Research - Maternal alcohol consumption and risk of offspring with congenital malformation: the Japan Environment and Children’s Study
Maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy, even in early pregnancy, displayed no significant adverse impact on congenital malformations of interest.
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The BMJ – Lifetime perspective on alcohol and brain health
The maintenance of brain health is central to health and wellbeing across the lifespan.1 Evidence suggests three periods of dynamic brain changes that may be particularly sensitive to the neurotoxic effects of alcohol: gestation (from conception to birth), later adolescence (15-19 years), and older adulthood (over 65 years).
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International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - Suggestibility and confabulation among individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A review for criminal justice, forensic mental health, and legal interviewers
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) are conditions arising from prenatal alcohol exposure which results in a range of neurodevelopmental deficits in areas including cognition, memory, language, executive functioning, emotional regulation, and adaptive functioning.
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