Sunday, April 22, 2018

FASD News - 16/2018

CBC.ca (Canada) - Cases of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder up to 3 times higher in the GTA than predicted, CAMH report says
A study released Tuesday shows fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) may affect two to three times more children in the GTA than originally believed.
Lethbridge Herald - Education key to reduce number of FASD babies
Sending them to jail is no way to respond to people living with developmental challenges. Instead, a Lethbridge audience heard Thursday, a range of other alternatives is helping those with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) contribute to their community.
ABC Online (Australia) - Living with FASD
When Anne Russell had her children more than thirty years ago, drinking moderate amounts of alcohol during pregnancy was considered acceptable.
Juneau Empire - Our daughter lived with FASD for 45 years. This is her legacy.
Each of our children and grandchildren are a special gift. We love them for who they are, and taught them about faith and life. Each of them transforms us beyond our understanding.
Juneau Empire (USA) - Services, funding dwindle for those living with FASD
Larry and Laura Rorem adopted Tanya when she was 8 months old in 1973, not knowing that Tanya’s mother had consumed alcohol during pregnancy. In the first few weeks they had Tanya, the Rorems knew something was a little off, but couldn’t put their finger on it.
Otago Daily Times (New Zealand) - FASD action plan falls short: expert
Better diagnosis and treatment of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) could prevent miscarriages of justice like the Teina Pora case, a University of Otago researcher says.
Scoop.co.nz (New Zealand) - Time for spotlight on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Given about 5 per cent of New Zealanders suffer Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder with resulting productivity losses ranging from an estimated $49 to $200 million, a University of Otago lecturer is calling for more attention on the disorder.
The Lawyer's Daily - Fetal alcohol syndrome and blame
On Feb. 28, 2018, Justice Rajeev Anand, a youth court justice with the Saskatchewan provincial court, sentenced a young person to an adult sentence of life imprisonment after her plea to the second degree murder of a 6-week-old, Nikosis Jace Cantre.
The Advocate - Raising healthy babies take a whole community to support mothers and newborns
The same day data came out on maternal and baby health across the state, the brewing industry called for all brewers to put warnings on alcohol products ‘as a matter of urgency’.
Great Falls Tribune - How will I survive asks Great Falls's Lissie, who has fetal alcohol syndrome
Clark, who goes by “Lissie,” describes it as a struggle between the world of “Here and Now” and the world of “Up Here,” she says, pointing to her head.
Neuroscience News - Childhood Aggression Linked to Deficits in Executive Function
According to a new study, children with executive function deficits were more likely to show physical and reactive aggression later in life. Researchers suggest helping children to improve executive function could help to reduce aggression levels.
Medkit (France) - Some 8,000 children are born with a brain injured by alcohol every year in France
A staggering then that neurodevelopmental disorders associated with exposure in utero to alcohol are preventable. “If effective prevention was established several years ago, we would talk about more of this scourge,” said professor Gilles Crépin, a professor of medicine and member of the national Academy of medicine, during the symposium on “Alcohol and pregnancy: a social risk avoidable?” that was held on 12 April in Paris.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
FASDFOREVER - Making Sense of FASD Episode 1 Kyle Burt
In the very first Episode Jeff Noble interviews Kyle Burt. Kyle is an adult with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Jeff and Kyle talk about what it takes to be successful as an adult on the spectrum.
Colorado Child Welfare Training System - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
The Agenda with Steve Paikin - Tracking Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
A new study of the prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in 7 - 9 year olds in the Greater Toronto Area found that the old assumption that the disorder affected about 1% of the population significantly underestimated the problem of FASD.
MOFAS - Legislative Priorities
At MOFAS, we are deeply committed to the prevention of prenatal alcohol exposure. There are very few public health problems where there are such clear and compelling solutions available.

RESEARCH
Journal of Investigative Medicine - 135 Brain-derived neurotrophic factor polymorphism modifies the effects of developmental ethanol exposure
Here, we suggest a novel interaction between developmental EtOH exposure and BDNFmet/met. Specifically, BDNFmet/met increased the effects of EtOH on hippocampal morphology and hippocampal-dependent behaviours. These findings suggest that screening for this polymorphism may have some value in predicting FASD severity.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr - Experimental approaches to the investigation of behavioral disorders associated with prenatal alcohol exposure
The review is focused on the effects of exposure to alcohol during the prenatal period in animal models. The authors outline that prenatally alcohol-induced changes in motor and executive functions, learning and memory, stress reactivity and affective state are remarkably parallel between animals and humans.
CAMH - World Health Organization International Study on the Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol
Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
Population-based prevalence data on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among the general population of Canada are unavailable. To fill this gap, the objective of this study was to determine the population-based prevalence of FASD among elementary school students in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) in Ontario, Canada.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Special issue on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the most common neurodevelopmental disorder in the human population. Alcoholic beverages contain mostly one type of alcohol, ethanol. So, the story of FASD is the story of the effects of ethanol on the developing embryo.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology - A global research collaboration on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Prenatal exposure to alcohol resulting in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the most common and potentially preventable cause of brain and other developmental impairments in the Western world.
Developmental Neurorehabilitation - Physiological self-regulation and mindfulness in children with a diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Children with FASD could engage in a mindfulness task, and both groups showed an increase in RSA. Further research is needed to establish whether prolonged mindfulness practice could be beneficial.
Maastricht University - State of the art and setting priorities for fetal alcohol spectrum disorder(s) prevention and management
The aim of this study is to assess the current state of the art and setting priorities for FASD prevention and management.
Maastricht University - Identifying psycho-social determinants and environmental conditions related to alcohol consumption during pregnancy
In order to systematically plan health promoting programs, it is necessary to identify specific psycho-social determinants and environmental conditions related to maternal drinking.
The University of Queensland - Effects of developmental vitamin D deficiency and prenatal exposure to ethanol on brain development and behaviour in mice
There is a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and exposure to low levels of alcohol in pregnant women (Bodnar et al 2007, Daly et al 2012). However, there are a paucity of studies that have addressed the impact of both of these exposures on the offspring’s vulnerability to neuropsychological disorders later in life.
Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - Prenatal ethanol induces an anxiety phenotype and alters expression of dynorphin & nociceptin/orphanin FQ genes
Animal models have suggested that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) alters the κ opioid receptor system.
NeuroToxicology - Low arsenic concentrations impair memory in rat offpring exposed during pregnancy and lactation: Role of α7 nicotinic receptor, glutamate and oxidative stress
Inorganic arsenic (iAs) is an important natural pollutant. Millions of individuals worldwide drink water with high levels of iAs.
IOS Press - The association between alcohol outlet accessibility and adverse birth outcomes: A retrospective cohort study
Alcohol outlet accessibility is positively associated with alcohol consumption, although this relationship has not been thoroughly examined in pregnant women.
Women and Birth - Reasons for substance use continuation and discontinuation during pregnancy: A qualitative study
Recommendations are proposed for easier access to and more comprehensive services. Healthcare professionals and service providers should offer non-judgmental care by building high-quality relationships with pregnant women with substance use issues, to increase these women’s self-efficacy and empower them to discontinue substance use.
Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science - Nonprotein-coding RNAs in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Early developmental exposure to ethanol, a known teratogen, can result in a range of neurodevelopmental disorders, collectively referred to as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs).

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Gäubote - Die Herrenberger Zeitung (Germany) - Selbsthilfegruppe FASD im Klosterhof
Herrenberg - Die Selbsthilfegruppe FASD - also Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder oder Fetalen Alkoholspektrum-Störung - trifft sich am heutigen Mittwoch, 18. April, um 20 Uhr im Klosterhof in Herrenberg.

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