Sunday, October 15, 2017

FASD News - 41/2017

ABC Online (Australia) - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder prevention project underway in regional cities
A multi-million-dollar project aiming to raise awareness and curb cases of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) will be rolled out in two regional Australian locations.
Futurity: Research News - Immune cells may not be at root of fetal alcohol syndrome
Scientists are challenging the theory that cells in the brain’s immune system are the culprit behind the neurological damage that occurs in babies exposed to alcohol while in the womb.
Psychiatry Advisor - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Update & Expert Q&A
Prenatal alcohol exposure is the most common preventable cause of developmental disabilities and birth defects.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - One in two Kiwi pregnancies risk fetal alcohol disorders
Up to one in two pregnant women may be exposing their unborn child to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a University of Otago researcher says.
Newcastle Herald (UK) - Education is best way to help bottle babies
LAST month a Newcastle couple opened up about the challenges of parenting their foster son, who had been diagnosed with foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
TheSpec.com (Canada) - Calgary brothers with FAS who raped teen need structure, supervised environment: lawyers
Lawyers for two brothers with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder who repeatedly raped a teenage girl say their clients should spend years in prison.
Michigan Radio (USA) - Mother discovers child suffers disability from prenatal alcohol exposure and wants to warn others
There is an agony that descends upon a family when a child is diagnosed with a neurological and behavioral disability. Imagine adding to that by realizing this child’s disability is 100% incurable, and 100% preventable.
Medical News Bulletin - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Significant Global Problem
A study of the global prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) estimates that it affects as many as 8 out of 10,000 children, highlighting the need to improve public education about the potential harm of drinking alcohol during pregnancy.
Newcastle Herald (UK) - FASD's impact unrecognised
The welcome news that the Local Drug Action Team (LDAT) led by Tony Brown has been successful in securing funding to Make FASD History provides much-needed opportunity for public education about the devastating effects of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in our community.
WHMI - Vaupel Introduces Resolution Regarding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
A local lawmaker has introduced a resolution to bring awareness to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in the state of Michigan.
UPI.com - Genetic variation linked to damage from prenatal alcohol exposure found
Researchers at the University of Helsinki have identified a genetic factor associated with damage caused by the consumption of alcohol during pregnancy.
MedIndia - Alcohol can Cause Neurological Damage Without Involving Brain's Immune System
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are seen in children who are exposed to alcohol while in the womb. Lately, the theory that the cells in the brain's immune system cause neurological damage is being questioned by scientists, reveals a new study.
Adoption.com - Raising a Child With FASD: A Journey To Diagnosis and Understanding
Our daughter was recently diagnosed with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Prior to adopting, I didn’t know a lot about it. Turns out that many medical professionals don’t know much, either.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Pennsylvania Department of Human Services - Preventing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Footage from a September 2017 event in the Pennsylvania State Capitol.
FASD Communities - Platteville At-A-Glance
Come take a look around the beautiful community of Platteville, Wisconsin where we have the first ever supportive home for individuals with FASD - Aloha Communities Platteville.
NIHOD - Tom Donaldson (NOFAS) discusses the NIAAA Alcohol Treatment Navigator
Tom Donaldson, President and CEO of the National Organization on Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (NOFAS), discusses the value of the NIAAA Alcohol Treatment Navigator. For more, visit https://alcoholtreatment.niaaa.nih.gov.
NOFAS - NOFAS Facts of the Day for FASD Month, Sept. 2017
In recognition of September as FASD Awareness Month, NOFAS posted an FASD-related fact on social media each day in September,. Facts covered various facets of FASD, including pediatrics, prevention, addiction, adults with FASD, education, and public health.

RESEARCH
American Family Physician - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) result from intrauterine exposure to alcohol and are the most common nonheritable causes of intellectual disability. The percentage of women who drink or binge drink during pregnancy has increased since 2012.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Maternal Iron Nutriture as a Critical Modulator of FASD Risk in Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy places the fetus at risk for permanent physical, cognitive, and behavioral impairments, collectively termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Alcoholism - Commentary on Montag et al. (2017): The Importance of CBPR in FASD Prevention with American Indian Communities
Prenatal alcohol consumption is a public health concern due to potential lifelong physical and cognitive effects in offspring, often presenting in the form of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) or other fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
University of Cape Town - Intraparietal Sulcus Morphology in Children Prenatally Exposed To Alcohol
The intraparietal sulcus (IPS) is a prominent feature in the parietal lobe that separates the inferior- and superior parietal lobules and extends posteriorly from the postcentral sulcus (PCS) to end in the occipital lobe.
Brain Research - Developmental ethanol exposure alters the morphology of mouse prefrontal neurons in a layer-specific manner
Chronic developmental exposure to ethanol can lead to a wide variety of teratogenic effects, which in humans are known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Behavioural Brain Research - Mitigation of postnatal ethanol-induced neuroinflammation ameliorates trace fear memory deficits in juvenile rats
Impairments in behavior and cognition are common in individuals diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). In this study, FASD model rats were intragastrically intubated with ethanol (5 g/kg/day; 5E), sham-intubated (SI), or maintained as naïve controls (NC) over postnatal days (PD) 4–9.
Behavioural Brain Research - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Zebrafish in the analysis of the milder and more prevalent form of the disease
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) represent a large unmet medical need. Exposure of the developing human embryo to alcohol can lead to life-long suffering.
Northcentral University - A Systematic Review of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Federal Case Law: Implications for Psychologists and Competency to Stand Trial Evaluators
Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Competition between ethanol clearance and retinoic acid biosynthesis in the induction of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Several models have been proposed to explain the neurodevelopmental syndrome induced by alcohol exposure of human embryos, known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). One of the proposed models suggests a competition for the enzymes required for retinoic acid biosynthesis.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology - Understanding and Managing Sleep Disruption in Children with FASD
Accumulating evidence has revealed high rates of sleep disruption among children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health - Australian guide to the diagnosis of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A summary
Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder caused by prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). In some individuals, characteristic facial features result from the teratogenic effect of first trimester PAE.
Biochemistry and Cell Biology - The Manitoba Youth Justice Program: Empowering and Supporting FASD Affected Youth in Conflict with the Law
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) describes a constellation of physical, cognitive, neurologic and behavioral impairments resulting from prenatal exposure to alcohol.
Mspace - The Manitoba mothers and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder study: a retrospective population-based cohort study using linked administrative data
Identifying maternal risk factors associated with giving birth to children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is integral to the development of effective prevention strategies, however, there are no Canadian data in this area.
Laurentian University - "If we have the knowledge, then that is power to help our expectant moms": Northern Ontario health care students' knowledge and attitudes addressing alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
The current document is a paper-based dissertation investigating health care professionals’ knowledge, attitudes, and self-efficacy regarding fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) and alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Reproductive Sciences - The Effect of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Fetal Growth and Cardiovascular Parameters in a Baboon Model of Pregnancy
Prenatal alcohol exposure often results in an array of fetal developmental abnormalities termed fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs).
Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in a prospective sample of young adults: Mental health, substance use, and difficulties with the legal system
Few studies have focused on the transition to adulthood in adults with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). In this study, we examine the occurrence of problem behavior at this transition, including mental health problems, substance use, and difficulties with the legal system.
The Journal of Special Populations - FETAL ALCOHOL SPECTRUM DISORDER AND SEXUALLY INAPPROPRIATE BEHAVIORS: A CALL ON SEX OFFENDER TREATMENT CLINICIANS TO BECOME INFORMED
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder resulting from prenatal alcohol exposure is a permanent condition that can include a range of adaptive, cognitive, social, and physical impairments.
Brain Sciences - Impact of Prenatal and Subsequent Adult Alcohol Exposure on Pro-Inflammatory Cytokine Expression in Brain Regions Necessary for Simple Recognition Memory
Microglia, the immune cells of the brain, are important and necessary for appropriate neural development; however, activation of microglia, concomitant with increased levels of secreted immune molecules during brain development, can leave the brain susceptible to certain long-term changes in immune function associated with neurological and developmental disorders.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Mindener Tageblatt (Germany) - Das Ungeborene trinkt mit - Erstes Treffen von FASD-Betroffenen
Die Folgen von Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft sind gravierend: Bei den betroffenen Kindern kann eine sogenannte fetale Alkohol-Spektrum-Störung (FASD) auftreten, darunter fallen körperliche und besonders auch geistige Beeinträchtigung.
Aktuality.sk (Slovakia) - Alkohol v tehotenstve môže ublížiť vášmu dieťaťu (rozhovor)
Alkohol v tehotenstve niektoré ženy taja, hovoriť o príčine poškodenia dieťaťa je pre niektoré matky stále tabu, varuje odborníčka Petra Šteinecker.

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