Sunday, May 14, 2017

FASD News - 19/2017

WHO Bulletin - Counting the costs of drinking alcohol during pregnancy
Researchers are starting to shed light on the true extent of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Svetlana Popova talks to Fiona Fleck.
Fairview Post - Drumming for prevention and support for FASD
NW FASD and the City of Grande Prairie Community Social Development presented a session on drumming and conversation about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the New to You Thrift Store basement May 3.
Canada NewsWire (Canada) - Public Health Agency of Canada investing in projects to address Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can result in a baby being born with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), which includes a range of physical, mental or behavioural difficulties that last a lifetime. No amount of alcohol is safe during pregnancy.
KTUU.com (USA) - Results are in from study that put pregnancy tests in bars
A two year experiment that brought Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder education and pregnancy tests to bar bathrooms in Alaska stopped some women from drinking. That conclusion comes from researchers with the University of Alaska Anchorage Institute for Circumpolar Health Studies.
Eyewitness News (South Africa) - PROGRAMME LAUNCHED TO REDUCE FASD CASES IN HEX RIVER VALLEY
The Western Cape Social Development Department has launched a programme in the Hex River Valley area to target the high number of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) cases.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - Teenage murderer denied sentence appeal over concerns he has FASD
A teenage killer has failed to get his jail term reduced after his lawyer argued his Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) was a mitigating factor in his sentencing.
Valley Courier - Amarah's Corner: Doctor shares effects of alcohol, opiates on babies
Does drinking alcohol during pregnancy harm a baby? Prenatal exposure to alcohol can damage the developing fetus and it is the leading preventable cause of birth defects, intellectual delays and disabilities.
Southgate News Herald - Motherhood requires sacrifice for benefit of the child; avoid alcohol, tobacco and drugs during pregnancy
Mother’s Day is a day when we can appreciate every mother figure in our lives. Being a mother is a very important responsibility and it requires sacrifice for the benefit of the child.
Advocate Daily - FASD should be considered at all stages of criminal justice system
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a significant issue in the criminal justice system — but instead of unnecessary blanket amendments that focus on the sentencing stage, reforms should aim for better treatment and policies throughout the legal process, Toronto criminal and civil litigator Laurelly Dale writes in The Lawyers Weekly.
VICE (Canada) - The invisible disability caught in Canada’s prison system
It’s just one of the many problems that people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) face in the criminal justice system due to difficulties with impulse control, learning from mistakes and understanding complex instructions or abstract concepts of cause and effect.
MJA InSight - Zika prep confirms microcephaly and FASD link
A LANDMARK 25-year study into the baseline rate of microcephaly in Australia has confirmed an important link between the neurological condition and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Alexandra Pfleging - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Webinar
PreventionInstitute1 - FASD: Let's move from shame to blame, to support and care
“My mom loved me.” When talking about FASD, there is often shame and blame. That does not help anyone. The best way to help moms and people living with FASD is to provide support and understanding.
Professionals without Parachutes - Supporting Individuals with FASD
A PD resource created in collaboration with Edmonton Regional Learning Consortium and Professionals without Parachutes. Video 1 of 3 explores the effects of alcohol on the developing brain.
CanFASD - Kelly Coons interview
FASD Forever's Jeff Noble interviews FASD researcher Kelly Coons at the 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Vancouver for Canada FASD Research Network.

RESEARCH
Neurology - The role of genetics in ethanol-induced cell death in the forebrain and brainstem
Our research aim is to identify the genes responsible for the underlying molecular mechanisms mediating apoptotic cell death in the developing central nervous system following prenatal alcohol exposure in a mouse model.
The Lancet - Unreliable estimation of prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome
We thank Katrine Strandberg-Larsen and colleagues from Denmark and Simona Pichini and colleagues from Italy for their comments on our paper. Both comments underline the immense interest in the related public health problems of alcohol use during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS).
The FASEB Journal - Transcriptional & Translational Effects of Developmental Ethanol on Thyroid Function of Zebrafish
Hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis is critical for fetal growth and development especially within the central nervous system. Disruption of neonatal thyroid function such as congenital hypothyroidism may lead to cognitive and physical disorders if untreated.
Acta Physiologica - Neurological and Neuropsychological Effects of Low and Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Several explanations for the diverse results in research on Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) or Alcohol-Related Neuro-developmental Disorder (ARND) might be at hand: timing, amount and patterns of alcohol exposure, as well as complex epigenetic responses.
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law - Putting Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) on the Map in New Zealand: A Review of Health, Social, Political, Justice and Cultural Developments
The damaging effects of alcohol intake have long been recognised as an issue for New Zealand society since the introduction of alcohol by early settlers.
Alcohol - Interactions of early-life stress and prenatal alcohol exposure on executive control
There is growing consensus that moderate alcohol intake during pregnancy can lead to lasting cognitive impairments. These impairments, categorized as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are characterized by deficits in working memory, response inhibition, and behavioral flexibility.
Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Deficits in spatial learning and memory in adult mice following acute, low or moderate levels of prenatal ethanol exposure during gastrulation or neurulation
Debate continues on the merits of strictly limiting alcohol consumption during all of pregnancy, and whether “safe” consumption levels and/or times exist.
Forensic Scholars Today - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in Detoxification Centers: A Call on Withdrawal Management Professionals to Become FASD-Informed
This article explores the challenges associated with identifying and diagnosing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in detoxification centers throughout the United States.
Alcohol - Genome-wide profiling of differentially spliced mRNAs in human fetal cortical tissue exposed to alcohol
Excessive alcohol consumption results in significant changes in gene expression and isoforms due to altered mRNA splicing. As such, an intriguing possibility is that disturbances in alternative splicing are involved in key pathological pathways triggered by alcohol exposure.
Alcohol - Prenatal alcohol exposure: Fetal programming, alcohol-stress interactions, and sex differences in outcome
BMJ - Maternal alcohol disorders and school achievement: a population cohort record linkage study in Western Australia
Children of mothers with alcohol use disorders are at risk of not meeting minimum educational benchmarks in numeracy and literacy, with the risk highest among Indigenous children.
Clinical Epigenetics - Associations between maternal risk factors of adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes and the offspring epigenetic clock of gestational age at birth
A recent study has shown that it is possible to accurately estimate gestational age (GA) at birth from the DNA methylation (DNAm) of fetal umbilical cord blood/newborn blood spots.
J Dev Behav Pediatr - Comorbid Mental Disorders in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Review.
Increased rates of mental disorders in people with FASD are commonly reported. Mental health providers should routinely consider FASD in the diagnosis and management of mental illness and developmental disorders.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
kobinet-nachrichten (Germany) - Einheitliches Verfahren bei Behindertenausweisen
"Das grundlegende Problem liegt darin, dass das Fetale Alkoholsyndrom nicht als eigene Kategorie in der Versorgungsmedizin-Verordnung aufgeführt ist. Das führt dazu, dass keine einheitliche Begutachtung stattfindet, sondern die körperlichen und geistigen Funktionsstörungen einzeln bewertet werden", so der CDU-Bundestagsabgeordnete und ehemalige Behindertenbeauftragte der Bundesregierung Hubert Hüppe.
Huis aan Huis (Netherlands) - ‘Je snapt het pas met een FASD-pas’
Mensen met het Foetaal Alcohol Syndroom (FAS) kunnen zich binnenkort identificeren als FAS-patiënt, om het dagelijkse leven zo een stuk eenvoudiger te maken. In Hardegarijp werd woensdag de eerste landelijke FASD*-pas uitgereikt door voormalig Tweede Kamerlid Lutz Jacobi.

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