Sunday, December 11, 2016

FASD News - 49/2016

Iowa Public Radio (USA) - Proposal: Expand Child Abuse Reporting to Include Mother's Alcohol Use
Women who use legal drugs such as alcohol during pregnancy could be reported for possible child abuse under proposed legislation state lawmakers may be considering in January.
Macleans.ca (Canada) - How one woman overcame fetal alcohol syndrome and found art
That was the challenge that Jennifer Tourangeau put to her fellow graduates at Grande Prairie Regional College’s two-year visual arts and design program in Alberta this spring.
Medical Daily - 4 Easily Preventable Diseases To Eradicate In The New Year
One of the things that makes fetal alcohol syndrome more difficult to eradicate is that women struggling with alcohol addiction may be less likely to know they are pregnant, as risky behaviors related to alcohol and sex can go hand in hand.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Gov't won't support Liberal MP's proposed FASD Criminal Code amendments
Yukon MP Larry Bagnell says he's more "sad than frustrated" that his private member's bill looks set to die when it's voted on in the House of Commons next week.
Our Sacred Breath - 12 Wishes for My Daughter and FASD
This year my daughter and I celebrate our 11th Christmas together. We try to keep to a 3-gift limit: something you need, something you want, and something just for fun.
Alcohol Addiction Helpline (USA) - Alcohol and pregnancy: How it affects an unborn child
Alcohol is one of the most dangerous addictive substances that can affect a developing fetus. According to the Institute of Medical Report to Congress, alcohol produces the most serious neurobehavioral effects in the fetus, as compared to other substances of abuse, such as marijuana, heroin or cocaine.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Childbirth Classes Online - Alcohol during pregnancy Drinking Alcohol During Pregnancy: Is It Safe? What Are the Effects?
If you're pregnant and wondering if it's OK to indulge in the occasional small glass of merlot or to sip a little champagne on New Year’s Eve, the advice you receive may be confusing.
Omaha.com - Raising children with fetal alcohol syndrome
Nora Boesem of Newell, South Dakota, talks about the challenges of raising nine children with fetal alcohol syndrome. The children were adopted by Boesem and her husband, Randy.
Telethon Kids Institute - Making FASD history in the Fitzroy Valley
Dr James Fitzpatrick and his travelling health team travel to Muludja in WA's Fitzroy Valley to screen for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder.
Telethon Kids Institute - Pilbara FASD Project promo
A new project aimed at reducing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the Pilbara has been launched in South Hedland. The project called ‘Warajanga Marnti Warrarnja - Together we walk on country’ is a partnership between the Telethon Kids Institute and BHP Billiton in collaboration with Wirraka Maya Health Services and the Hedland FASD Network.
Telethon Kids Institute - No alcohol in pregnancy is the safest choice
If you're trying for a baby, pregnant or breastfeeding, no alcohol is the safest choice.

RESEARCH
Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol - Acute alcohol exposure during mouse gastrulation alters lipid metabolism in placental and heart development: Folate prevention.
Embryonic acute exposure to ethanol (EtOH), lithium, and homocysteine (HCy) induces cardiac defects at the time of exposure; folic acid (FA) supplementation protects normal cardiogenesis (Han et al., , ; Serrano et al., ). Our hypothesis is that EtOH exposure and FA protection relate to lipid and FA metabolism during mouse cardiogenesis and placentation.
Psychiatry, Psychology and Law - Sentencing Offenders with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD): The Challenge of Effective Management
The criminal justice system in Australia is increasingly being required to deal with offenders exhibiting the symptomatology of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). Disproportionately they are indigenous.
The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation - Evaluating System Change Initiatives: Advancing the Need for Adapting Evaluation Practices
This article describes key challenges experienced and addressed during the evaluation of the Government of Alberta’s 10-Year Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Strategic Plan (2007–2017).
UNIVERSITY OF DELAWARE - Microglial activation in the developing rodent brain following single-day moderate binge-alcohol exposure
Alcohol has been shown to activate microglia, the immune cells of the brain, which may contribute to lasting deficits in cognitive functioning seen in humans with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) and in rodent models of FASD.
The Lancet - Prenatal alcohol exposure and pregnancy and childhood outcomes: a systematic review of alternative analytical approaches
Investigation of the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in observational studies using standard analytical approaches such as multivariable regression can produce results that are biased by residual confounding or measurement error due to self-reported alcohol consumption.
Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology - Neuropsychological Aspects of Prevention and Intervention for FASD in the USA
The USA has relatively well-developed programs focused on the prevention of and intervention for prenatal alcohol exposure when compared with most other countries. This includes federal and state government programs involving extensive efforts by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Alcoholism - The Use of Cardiac Orienting Responses as an Early and Scalable Biomarker of Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Impairment
Considered the leading cause of developmental disabilities worldwide, fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are a global health problem. To take advantage of neural plasticity, early identification of affected infants is critical.
Alcohol and Alcoholism - Placental Morphology in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Gestational alcohol exposure is significantly associated with UPM, which could account for the higher rates of preterm delivery and reduced mean birth weights.
Women's Health Issues - A Comparison of Profiles of Transtheoretical Model Constructs of Change among Depressed and Nondepressed Women at Risk for an Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy
The efficacy of a series of interventions to reduce risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancies is well-established, yet some subsets of women remain at risk.
Vitamins and Hormones - Neurotrophins in the Brain: Interaction With Alcohol Exposure During Development
Decades of research examining both individuals with FASDs and animal models of developmental alcohol exposure have revealed the devastating effects of alcohol on brain structure, function, behavior, and cognition.
Alcohol Clin Exp Res - Exposure to chronic mild stress differentially alters CRH and AVP mRNA expression in the stress-responsive neurocircuitry of male and female rats prenatally exposed to alcohol
CMS differentially altered central HPA peptide expression in PAE and PF animals compared to their control counterparts, with a possible shift toward greater CRH mediation of HPA regulation in PAE males, and greater AVP mediation of HPA regulation in PF males.

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