Sunday, October 23, 2016

FASD News - 42/2016

SDSU Newscenter - Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Disorder More Easily
Early-childhood clinicians such as pediatricians and child psychologists are often the first to raise the alarm for families with children who exhibit developmental disorders, such as fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
Ciproud.com - "It's hard to ask that question, so we miss it."
"It's a tough subject to bring up, use of something that is legal. I don't know why it is, it just is 'Hey did you drink?' you know it's hard for doctors to ask that question for some reason, so we miss it." Dr. James Hocker, Medical Director of the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit at the Children's Hospital of Illinois, explains.
Peoria Journal Star (USA) - Effects of alcohol on unborn children can last a lifetime
While Dr. James Hocker knows that nearly any mother would never knowingly harm her child, up to 1 in 20 children could suffer lifelong effects because of decisions made by their pregnant mothers.
The Australian (Australia) - FASD ‘a generational time-bomb burden’
The profoundly damaging consequences of heavy drinking by pregnant mothers, malnutrition in early childhood and inter­generational “psychic trauma” are neither properly diagnosed nor treated in Aborigines coming into contact with the law, a royal commission has heard.
InsideHalton.com (Canada) - FASD a lesser-known health concern in Halton
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the leading known cause of preventable developmental disability among Canadians, says Halton FASD Chair Cheryl Gustafson.
ChronicleLive (UK) - Number of children affected by mothers drinking alcohol while pregnant is 'snowballing'
The number of children in care affected by their mothers drinking alcohol while pregnant is “snowballing”, a doctor has warned.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Fran Lowe: We need to examine relationship with alcohol
On Friday, September 9 a service was held at Hastings Hospital to commemorate Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Awareness Day.
Marketwired (Canada) - Ministers From Across Canada Gather in Halifax to Discuss Justice and Public Safety Priorities
They discussed the challenges that the justice system faces in appropriately responding to those with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and other neurocognitive disabilities and agreed to publicly release the Final Report of the Steering Committee on FASD and Access to Justice.
ChronicleLive (UK) - Fathers-to-be urged to join pregnant partners in alcohol abstinence
Gateshead Council has heard an urgent plea for young mums, and dads, to steer clear of alcohol during pregnancy to help tackle foetal alcohol syndrome.
The Guardian (Australia) - Royal commission told foetal alcohol disorder and hearing loss contributing to incarceration
Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder and hearing loss were both likely impacts on the high rates of Indigenous people in the child protection and criminal justice systems, the royal commission has heard.
WHO Europe (Scotland) - Recent Scottish Government actions to limit alcohol intake during pregnancy
In Scotland, there has been increasing recognition in recent years of the particular risks of alcohol consumption for certain sectors of the population, including pregnant women.

RESEARCH
Brain Imaging and Behavior - Functional connectivity abnormalities and associated cognitive deficits in fetal alcohol Spectrum disorders (FASD)
Consistent with well-documented structural and microstructural abnormalities in prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), recent studies suggest that functional connectivity (FC) may also be disrupted.
European Journal of Medical Genetics - A review of the physical features of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
The fetal alcohol spectrum of disorders (FASD) includes four diagnostic categories for the clinical consequences of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) in the unborn child.
IEEE Explore - A novel expert system for diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome using close range photogrammetry
Remaining necessary information will be received from the patient along with the output of last stage applies to expert system. Decision making in expert system is based on fuzzy method which is done in two stages.
Current Developmental Disorders Reports - Revised Guidelines Increase Specificity of Diagnostic Criteria for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Updated guidelines for the diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) refine diagnostic criteria that were previously issued in 2005.
Alcohol - Recognition memory is selectively impaired in adult rats exposed to binge-like doses of ethanol during early postnatal life
This study explores the persistent cognitive consequences of ethanol administration in rat pups over postnatal days (PD) 4–9, modeling human third trimester consumption.
European Journal of Medical Genetics - Interventions in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: An international perspective
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are present across countries and cultures, with prevalence rates threatening to rise in the coming years.
Journal of Pediatric Neuropsychology - Neuropsychological Aspects of Prevention and Intervention for FASD in Canada
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the leading cause of developmental disability among Canadians. As a result, FASD has emerged as a public health priority in Canada.
BioNanoScience - Enhanced Excitability of the Neonatal Rat Hippocampus After Acute Exposure to Ethanol
Enhanced excitability manifested by seizures and epilepsy is one of the characteristic features of the fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Children and Youth Services Review - Nutritional status of foster children in the U.S.: Implications for cognitive and behavioral development
Children in foster care are at greater risk for poor health, physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental outcomes than are children in the general population.
Alcohol - Chronic binge alcohol consumption during pregnancy alters rat maternal uterine artery pressure response
We aimed to investigate pressure-dependent maternal uterine artery responses and vessel remodeling following gestational binge alcohol exposure.
Social Forces - Alcohol's Collateral Damage: Childhood Exposure to Problem Drinkers and Subsequent Adult Mortality Risk
The importance of childhood circumstances, broadly defined, for shaping adult health and longevity is well established.
Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - A Multi-stage Sparse Coding Framework to Explore the Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
In clinical neuroscience, task-based fMRI (tfMRI) is a popular method to explore the brain network activation difference between healthy controls and brain diseases like Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (PAE).
National Center for Biotechnology Information - Functional connectivity abnormalities and associated cognitive deficits in fetal alcohol Spectrum disorders (FASD)
Consistent with well-documented structural and microstructural abnormalities in prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), recent studies suggest that functional connectivity (FC) may also be disrupted. We evaluated whole-brain FC in a large multi-site sample, examined its cognitive correlates, and explored its potential to objectively identify neurodevelopmental abnormality in individuals without definitive dysmorphic features. Included were 75 children with PAE and 68 controls from four sites.

IN THER LANGUAGES
KREISZEITUNG Böblinger Bote (Germany) - Aufklären über eine kaum bekannte Behinderung
Die überregionale Selbsthilfegruppe FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Discorder, zu deutsch: Fetale Alkoholspektrum Störung) öffnet sich für Interessierte: An jedem dritten Mittwoch im Monat, also am 19. Oktober wieder, treffen sich die Teilnehmer aus dem Landkreis Böblingen und der Region Calw, Horb und Nagold von 20 bis 22 Uhr im Herrenberger Klosterhof.
Osservatorio Malattie Rare (Italy) - Gravidanza, da USA nuove linee guida per la diagnosi di 'spettro dei disturbi feto-alcolici'
Il National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), istituto statunitense che si occupa dei problemi legati all'alcolismo, ha affidato ad un gruppo di esperti il compito di redigere una serie aggiornata di linee guida per la diagnosi dello 'spettro dei disturbi feto-alcolici' (FASD), un termine 'ombrello' che include le diverse forme di anomalie e disabilità causate da un'esposizione prenatale all’alcol etilico.

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