Sunday, February 7, 2016

FASD News - 5/2016

The Call for Papers for EUFASD 2016 is open at http://www.eufasd.org/EUFASD_2016/home.php

USA TODAY (USA) - CDC: Young women should avoid alcohol unless using birth control
Women of childbearing age should avoid alcohol unless they're using contraception, federal health officials said Tuesday, in a move to reduce the number of babies born with fetal alcohol syndrome.
OZY - WHY THE BEST WAY TO PREVENT BIRTH DEFECTS ISN'T ABOUT ZIKA
Given the media frenzy around Zika virus, one might assume a disease responsible for 10 times as many birth defects in the United States — that’s one in 100 live births — would generate 10 times the attention in the media. Instead, that disease has slowly found its way to the back burner of our collective cognizance: fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Radio Canada International (Canada) - Most Canadians drink alcohol, unaware of risk
About 3,000 babies per year are born with fetal alcohol syndrome caused when women drink during pregnancy, notes the report. Some 330,000 Canadians have cognitive impairments caused this way.
Pawtucket Times - GIFFORD-JONES: FASD deserves as much attention as DWI
The figures are appalling. In the U.S. every year 40,000 children are born suffering with fetal alcoholic syndrome disease (FASD). In Canada, there are more than 300,000 children with this disease. The lifetime cost for each child is $5 million. So in Canada, the cost to taxpayers of caring for those with FASD is $600 billion, the size of the national debt. In the U.S., the figure is $6 trillion.
KTUU.com (USA) - Major change for students with FASD
For Alaskans students with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), a major change was just announced that will help them get a better education.
Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Don't drink if planning a pregnancy: avoiding foetal alcohol spectrum disorders
If you're trying to get pregnant, stop drinking. And if you're sexually active and drink alcohol, it's best to use contraception. That's the advice from health experts to protect unborn children from lasting damage, as new research reveals that millions of women risk exposing their developing babies to alcohol.
Pulse (UK) - GPnews: Health minister says he is 'genuinely excited' about changes to general practice
The BMA has released a report calling for better training and support to help healthcare professionals in the UK prevent, diagnose and manage fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), and reduce the number of children affected each year.

MATERIALS and VIDEOS
Soberpodcasts - Dr. Ira Chasnoff | Teens Growing up with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FASDs)
From my point of view (Shane – the podcast host) I have always looked at alcoholism and addiction as more of a learned behavior, or choice. This brought new light to the issues that we deal with in the family of alcoholism.
FASDFOREVER - School success with FAS(D)
Jeff Noble: My interview with Crystal Millions. Crystal lives with Fasd and currently attending University. Watch to find out what's making her successful.
Hartford HealthCare - Alcohol & Pregnancy do NOT mix
Nix the alcohol if you're even THINKING about getting pregnant, says the CDC! HHC's Dr. Michele Petrucelli has the facts.

RESEARCH
CDC - Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancies — United States, 2011–2013
The weighted prevalence of alcohol-exposed pregnancy risk among U.S. women aged 15–44 years was 7.3%. During a 1-month period, approximately 3.3 million women in the United States were at risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy.
University of New Mexico - EXPOSURE OF NEONATAL RATS TO ALCOHOL HAS DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTS ON CYTOKINE LEVELS IN THE CEREBELLUM AND HIPPOCAMPUS: POTENTIAL ROLE OF MICROGLIA AND ASTROCYTES
Drinking during pregnancy can result in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), an umbrella term that encompasses a wide array of symptoms ranging from neurocognitive deficits to physical malformations.
Current Topics in Developmental Biology - Gene–Environment Interactions and the Etiology of Birth Defects
It is thought that most structural birth defects are caused by a complex combination of genetic and environmental factors that interact to interfere with morphogenetic processes.
University of Cape Town - Multimodal neuroimaging and early neurobehavioral and developmental correlates of alcohol-exposed infants in Cape Town
This thesis explored the relative impact of prenatal alcohol exposure on the brain in infants as measured by multimodal brain imaging and the relationship of these findings to early neurobehavioral and developmental status.
Alternative Law Journal - Diversionary pathways for Indigenous youth with FASD in WA
The over-representation of Indigenous youth in the Western Australian criminal justice system has been described as a source of national shame. Rates of incarceration are the highest in the nation: around 80 per cent of youth in detention in Western Australia are of Indigenous descent, while Indigenous youth represent only 6 per cent of the population.
The American journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - A descriptive regional study of drug and alcohol use in pregnant women using results from urine drug testing by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry
Patterns of drug use during pregnancy may be changing. Identifying changes in pregnant women’s drug use may help to target prevention and treatment. Objective: To determine the regional prevalence of drug and alcohol use among pregnant women in Southern California.
University of Cape Town - Neuroimaging study of prenatal alcohol exposure effects on structural and functional connectivity in children
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) describe the spectrum of cognitive, behavioural and neurological impairments associated with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE).
FASD: moving toward sustainable assessment and support services in Ontario
It is important to understand that FASD is in fact, brain damage. These disorders and their variations are complicated and often misunderstood. This often results in distressing outcomes, such as failed school experiences, trouble with the law, strained relationships, and home and placement breakdowns.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Adults: Ethical and Legal Perspectives - Why People with FASD Fall for Manipulative Ploys: Ethical Limits of Interrogators’ Use of Lies
People with FASD are easily manipulated by others, and such social vulnerability is a major reason why they are so likely to get into serious legal and other forms of difficulty.
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Adults: Ethical and Legal Perspectives - Oral Language and Communication Factors to Consider When Supporting People with FASD Involved with the Legal System
Difficulties with oral language are always present for those with FASD. However, it is not always easy to appreciate where language skills are involved, as other areas such as cognition, behaviour, social skills and emotional regulation frequently involve communication skills, and they can be hard to separate. At this level, skills are complex and interactive.

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