Sunday, June 28, 2015

FASD News - 25/2015

AllAfrica.com - Rwanda: Alcohol During Pregnancy Is a Recipe for Disaster, Experts Say
Experts say alcohol has adverse effects on pregnant women and has also got the potential to prevent women from getting pregnant.
Shalom Life - Exclusive: An Interview With Author Linda Rosenbaum
If you’re looking for the next great read, then look no further. Linda Rosenbaum’s new book Not Exactly As Planned is full of heartbreak and triumph as she navigates the rocky road of adoption and raising a son with fetal alcohol syndrome. This critically acclaimed book talks about her son Michael, who was born with fetal alcohol syndrome, and his battle with alcohol abuse long before he’s old enough to take a sip.
Mail & Guardian Online (South Africa) - The unforgiving days of too much wine and never enough roses
A cruel, unrelenting cycle of poverty, drinking and fetal alcohol syndrome robs families of all hope.
Globalnews.ca (Canada) - Parents of 14-year-old with mental health issues see shortfalls in system
The parents of a 14-year-old who was initially denied mental health treatment at the IWK Health Centre said they see shortfalls in the province’s mental health system and are calling for improvements.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Ms. G, Winnipeg woman in 90s fetus rights case, watches son graduate
A recovered glue-sniffing addict whose pregnancy made headlines in the 90s watched her teenage son graduate from high school in Winnipeg on Friday.
Saskatoon StarPhoenix (Canada) - Researchers discuss FASD and criminal justice system
Although many people living with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are not violent, that segment of the population still has a high incidence of involvement with the criminal justice system.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Couple frustrated by lack of FASD disclosure in adoption aren't alone, Calgary woman says
A Calgary woman says she also had problems getting vital health information from Alberta's adoption services about fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
CBC.ca (Canada) - David Swann says better screening for FASD needed before adoption
Liberal leader David Swann says adoptive parents need to have all possible information about any medical conditions the children may have prior to adoption, including fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
Pulse Nigeria (Nigeria) - 'Drinking during pregnancy can cause the child to become a criminal' - Expert says
He further said criminality was one of the possible outcomes of exposure to alcohol before birth, adding that brain damage, learning disability and poor behaviour affected up to one in every 100 infants.
BBC News - Drinking in pregnancy 'significant' cause of childhood brain damage
One of the UK's leading experts in child health is calling for stronger warnings on alcohol to alert women to the dangers of drinking while pregnant.
American Psychological Association (USA) - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are more common than thought, say researchers at congressional briefing
Many women aren't fully aware of the risks associated with drinking while pregnant, and the public needs more information on the symptoms and severity of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), according to experts who spoke at a congressional briefing.

UPCOMING
Research on Adolescents and Adults: If Not Now, When? April 6 -, April 9, 2016
Although there have been thousands of published articles in FASD in general, there has been limited research specifically on adolescents and adults with FASD or on individuals across the lifespan.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
YourAlberta - What’s New in FASD Research
The presenters discuss emerging research in FASD and how this research can impact practice.
YourAlberta - A First Nations Community Response to FASD
This session explores a First Nations community response to FASD in a community based, culturally informed and collective way.
AlcoholFreePregnancy - The Interface of FASD and Co-Occurring Issues - NOFAS Webinar - Daniel Dubovsky
Many individuals with an FASD have co-occurring mental health and other issues. Some reasons for this are genetic vulnerability, personality structure, repeated experience of loss, trauma, and stress, and environmental experiences.

RESEARCH
Acta Neuropsychiatrica - A study of the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on white matter microstructural integrity at birth
Background Neuroimaging studies have indicated that prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with alterations in the structure of specific brain regions in children. However, the temporal and regional specificity of such changes and their behavioural consequences are less known.
Placenta - Prenatal ethanol exposure and placental hCG and IGF2 expression
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is the main cause of preventable non-genetic mental retardation. Diagnosis of prenatal exposure to ethanol (PEE) is based on questionnaires and biomarkers in perinatal matrices. Early diagnosis of FASD is important to mitigate secondary disabilities that will arise later in life. It is important to identify biomarkers related to cellular damage caused by PEE.
Physiological Reports - Impaired arousal in rat pups with prenatal alcohol exposure is modulated by GABAergic mechanisms
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) increases the risk for The Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) in human infants. In rat pups, the arousal response to hypoxia is modulated by medullary raphe GABAergic mechanisms.
Cerebral Cortex - Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with regionally thinner cortex during the preadolescent period
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) may exhibit craniofacial dysmorphology, neurobehavioral deficits, and reduced brain volume.
Developmental Psychobiology - Embryonic alcohol exposure: towards the development of a zebrafish model of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a devastating disease of the brain caused by exposure to alcohol during prenatal development. Its prevalence exceeds 1%.
Alcohol and Alcoholism - Evaluation of a multilevel and integrated program to raise awareness of the harmful effects of prenatal alcohol exposure in a local community
To evaluate a multilevel program to raise awareness of the risks of prenatal exposure to alcohol in the area of Treviso (Italy). The program started in 2008 and consists of an action-research experience involving health professionals of maternal–child services, and in the campaign ‘Mamma Beve Bimbo Beve’, targeted to the childbearing-aged population.
Behavioural Brain Research - Anterior cingulate cortex surface area relates to behavioral inhibition in adolescents with and without heavy prenatal alcohol exposure
Prenatal alcohol exposure is associated with behavioral disinhibition, yet the brain structure correlates of this deficit have not been determined with sufficient detail. We examined the hypothesis that the structure of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) relates to inhibition performance in youth with histories of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure (AE, n = 32) and non-exposed controls (CON, n = 21).
Neuroscience - Prenatal ethanol exposure alters ethanol-induced Fos inmunoreactivity and dopaminergic activity in the mesocorticolimbic pathway of the adolescent brain
Prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) promotes alcohol intake during adolescence, as shown in clinical and pre-clinical animal models. The mechanisms underlying this effect of prenatal ethanol exposure on postnatal ethanol intake remain, however, mostly unknown.
Psychology of Addictive Behaviors - Prenatal substance exposure: what predicts behavioral resilience by early adolescence?
Understanding behavioral resilience among at-risk adolescents may guide public policy decisions and future programs. We examined factors predicting behavioral resilience following intrauterine substance exposure in a prospective longitudinal birth-cohort study of 136 early adolescents (ages 12.4–15.9 years) at risk for poor behavioral outcomes.
Journal of Substance Abuse and Alcoholism - The fetal alcohol spectrum disorder and homelessness project: making connections for promising practice
The focus of this brief paper is to describe a current research project exploring the lived experiences of individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) who are supported by the homeless-serving sector in Calgary, Alberta.
Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology - Exposure to female fertility pheromones influences men's drinking
Research has shown that humans consciously use alcohol to encourage sexual activity. In the current study, we investigated whether decision making about alcohol use and sex can be cued outside of awareness by recently revealed sexual signaling mechanisms.
International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Correlates of lifetime trauma exposure among pregnant women from Cape Town, South Africa
A cross-sectional survey of 298 pregnant women from Cape Town, South Africa was conducted to examine socio-demographic, reproductive health, mental health, and relationship correlates of lifetime trauma exposure and whether these correlates vary as a function of age.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Radio eM 107,6 FM (Poland) - W ciąży groźny nawet kieliszek wina
W Wojewódzkim Specjalistycznym Szpitalu Dziecięcym w Olsztynie odbyła się konferencja „Nie pozwól odlecieć swojemu szczęściu!” dotycząca profilaktyki używania substancji psychoaktywnych przez kobiety w ciąży.
alfemminile.com (Italy) - Fasd: FAS, ARND, ARBD/ I problemi del neonato dovuti al consumo di alcol in gravidanza
Bere alcolici durante la dolce attesa può portare gravi danni al neonato. FAS, ARND, ARBD sono le sindromi legate al consumo di alcol in gravidanza. Vi spieghiamo qui di seguito di cosa si tratta.
FOCUS Online (Germany) - Vollrausch im Mutterleib: Alkohol-Tabu zu unbekannt
Das Baby im Bauch trinkt mit: Bundesweit kommen jährlich rund 10 000 Jungen und Mädchen mit alkoholbedingten Schädigungen zur Welt. Dabei wäre ihr Schicksal vermeidbar, sagen Experten.
Onet.pl (Poland) - W ciąży ani kropli alkoholu
Dziecko w brzuchu matki pije razem z nią - ostrzegają eksperci. W Niemczech rodzi się rocznie 10 tys. dzieci z wadami rozwojowymi wywołanymi spożywaniem napojów alkoholowych przez matkę w trakcie ciąży.

No comments: