Sunday, April 12, 2015

FASD News - 14/2015

Irish Times - One glass of wine can stop foetus breathing, study claims
Professor Peter Hepper from Queen’s University Belfast carried out a study, the first of its kind, looking at the effects of low-level alcohol exposure on foetuses in the womb through the use of 18-weeks scans on women who drank two and a half units of alcohol per week; the equivalent to a glass of wine (200ml).
JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association - Missed Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Cases
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) often goes undetected in children, either because health care professionals miss the diagnosis or medical records don’t adequately document the signs and symptoms. But if children with FAS aren’t properly diagnosed, they’re excluded from records-based surveillance estimates, which are used to plan clinical services for kids with the syndrome.
Vital Record - New research may lead to better outcomes for children born with fetal alcohol syndrome
According to a recent study, about half of the 6.6 million pregnancies in the United States each year are unplanned. As a result, many women may not know they are pregnant in time to change behaviors that might be detrimental to unborn children, such as drinking alcohol.
The Newark Advocate - Spotlighting the dangers of alcohol during pregnancy
Sometimes, people assume that efforts to educate young people about substance abuse have to focus on teens and their parents.
iPolitics.ca (Canada) - Prison ombudsman to offer insights into detainees with fetal alcohol syndrome
People with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder wind up in correctional facilities across the country and face many challenges while there, says Correctional Investigator, Howard Sapers.
The State Journal-Register - Karel Homrig: Alcohol poses great risks to unborn children
April is National Alcohol Awareness Month, a time to increase public awareness and understanding, reduce stigma and encourage local communities to focus on alcohol and alcohol-related issues.
InsideHalton.com - Brampton man vows to demystify the jargon of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Noble Initiatives, a Brampton organization providing hope and education to those caring for someone with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), is hosting a conference in Mississauga, Thursday, April 9.
THV 11 (USA) - Senate passes alcohol and pregnancy bill
On Monday, the Arkansas Senate unanimously passed the Alcohol and Pregnancy Awareness Act.
iPolitics.ca (Canada) - Prisons falling behind in treating fetal alcohol cases: Sapers
Prisons are doing a poor job of treating inmates afflicted with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Correctional Investigator Howard Sapers told a justice and human rights committee Monday afternoon.
The Guardian (UK) - My mother, the alcoholic: living with foetal alcohol syndrome
Should heavy drinking in pregnancy be a crime? A recent test case in the UK was thrown out, but in the US hundreds of women have been imprisoned. We meet women and children affected by foetal alcohol syndrome.
Anishinabek News (Canada) - ‘Brain Gains’ session helps individuals with FASD
Aaron Bowerman Right to Play Coordinator at Sheguiandah First Nation hosted Anishinabek Nation Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Worker Laura Liberty and FASD front line workers. They all participated in an informative training session called “Brain Gains” aimed at improving physical activity levels for children exposed to alcohol during pregnancy.

VIDEOS
Sandy Ren - The Difficulties of FASD
We had the pleasure of interviewing a wonderful family about their experience with FAS (fetal alcohol syndrome), a type of birth defect in the FASD (fetal alcohol spectrum disorders) category.
Picture This: Life as a Parent of Children with FASD
A Photovoice Project that brought mothers together to talk about their experiences in caring for children with FASD.
MentalHealthTrust - FASD: The Basics PSA

RESEARCH
Human Brain Mapping - White matter integrity of the cerebellar peduncles as a mediator of effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on eyeblink conditioning
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) are characterized by a range of neurodevelopmental deficits that result from prenatal exposure to alcohol. These can include cognitive, behavioural, and neurological impairment, as well as structural and functional brain damage.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Effects of ethanol exposure in utero on Cajal-Retzius cells in the developing cortex
Prenatal exposure to ethanol exerts teratogenic effects on the developing brain. Here, we tested the hypothesis that exposure to ethanol in utero alters the disposition of Cajal–Retzius cells that play a key role in orchestrating proliferation, migration, and laminar integration of cortical neurons in the embryonic cortex.
Acta Neuropsychiatrica - Neuroimaging effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the developing human brain: a magnetic resonance imaging review
There is a critical gap in the literature of MRI studies in alcohol-exposed children under 5 years of age across all MRI modalities. The dynamic nature of brain maturation and appreciation of the effects of alcohol exposure on the developing trajectory of the structural and functional network argue for the prioritisation of studies that include a longitudinal approach to understanding this spectrum of effects and potential therapeutic time points.
BioMed Research International - Postnatal administration of allopregnanolone modifies glutamate release but not BDNF content in striatum samples of rats prenatally exposed to ethanol
Ethanol consumption during pregnancy may induce profound changes in fetal CNS development. We postulate that some of the effects of ethanol on striatal glutamatergic transmission and neurotrophin expression could be modulated by allopregnanolone, a neurosteroid modulator of GABA-A receptor activity.
Journal of Public Health - Romantic partner influences on prenatal and postnatal substance use in young couples
Alcohol, tobacco and other drug use (ATOD) among adolescent and young adult couples during prenatal and postnatal periods is a significant public health problem, and couples may mutually influence each others' ATOD behaviors.
Journal of Pediatrics - Universal screening programs for gestational exposures
International Immunopharmacology - The protective effect of vitamin E against prenatal and early postnatal ethanol treatment-induced heart abnormality in rats: a 3-month follow-up study
Ethanol consumption during pregnancy is associated with fetal heart malformation. However, the underlying mechanism of prenatal ethanol exposure causing heart malfunction is not well known.
Research in Developmental Disabilities - Community translation of the Math Interactive Learning Experience Program for children with FASD
The Math Interactive Learning Experience (MILE), a program designed to address academic and behavioral problems found in children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), was found to be effective in a randomized clinical trials with results that persisted at a 6-month follow-up.
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience - Self-regulation therapy increases frontal gray matter in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: evaluation by voxel-based morphometry
Children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder show executive function (EF) deficits, particularly in self-regulation skills, and abnormalities in brain regions critical for these skills. None of the validated EF interventions for these children has been evaluated with regards to impacts on brain structure.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Gesundheitsstadt Berlin (Germany) - Hilfe für alkoholgeschädigte Kinder geehrt
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, kurz FASD, ist zur Lebensaufgabe von Hans-Lduwig Spohr geworden. Seit über 40 Jahren beschäftigt sich der Arzt mit der Diagnostik angeborener
Le Monde (France) - Alcoolisation fœtale : les mesures avant-gardistes du Canada
De l’hôpital à la prison, des programmes scolaires aux interventions sociales, le Canada a développé des mesures avant-gardistes pour répondre aux défis posés par les troubles causés par l’alcoolisation fœtale (TCAF).
Neue Nordhäuser Zeitung (Germany) - Neues Führungspersonal in Sülzhayn
Heute hat Ingo Engelmeyer die Position des Klinikgeschäftsführers am KMG Reha-Zentrum Sülzhayn für Kinder, Jugendliche und junge Erwachsene mit neurologischem Schwerpunkt übernommen...

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