Sunday, October 20, 2013

FASD News - 41/2013

The Irish Times (Ireland) - Study finds 80% of Irish women drink during pregnancy
A high level of alcohol consumption in pregnancy has been reported by an international birth study led by researchers in Cork who found Ireland had the highest proportion of drinking during pregnancy.
SBS (Australia) - Concerns over FASD funding review
Twenty million dollars committed by the former federal government to help battle FASD is now under review..
St. Albert Gazette (Canada) - Parents of children with disabilities get creative
For St. Albert mother Michelle Gillespie, raising a child with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) has been nothing short of a challenge.
Medical News Today - Binge drinking during pregnancy linked to negative emotions
Researchers in Norway found that negative affectivity is linked to light alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy.
Science Daily (Norway) - One in 10 Women Drink a Little Alcohol While Pregnant
Researchers in Norway found that negative affectivity is linked to light alcohol use and binge drinking during pregnancy. Results published in Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, a journal of the Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology, show 16% of women had light alcohol use in the first trimester and 10% in the second trimester.
Transforming The Nation's Healthcare - Pregnancy drinking link to academic performance
Drinking while pregnant can adversely affect your child’s future academic performance, according to new research from The University of Queensland.
kfor.com (USA) - Binge drinking is a serious, under-recognized problem among women and girls
According to the Centers for Disease Control, 1 in 8, nearly 14 million, US women binge drink about three times a month. Women average six drinks per binge.
Counsel and Heal - Glass of Wine a Week Significantly Cuts Chances of Pregnancy
Having just one or two glasses of wine a week could lower a woman's chance of conceiving by a third, a new study suggests. Researchers found that having three or more glasses a week may lower the chance of becoming pregnancy by two thirds.
Tennant & District Times (Australia) - Puppet masters set for FASD film launch
Everyone is invited to a forum at the Civic Centre to herald the release of Barkly Fights Back, a story about taking control of community problems and paving the way to a better future.

MATERIALS and VIDEOS
Telethon Institute for Child Health Research: Newsletter

RESEARCH
Pediatrics - Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in Child Care Settings: A Meta-analysis
Children often enter a child-care system (eg, orphanage, foster care, child welfare system) because of unfavorable circumstances (eg, maternal alcohol and/or drug problems, child abuse/neglect). Such circumstances increase the odds of prenatal alcohol exposure, and thus this population can be regarded as high risk for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research - Exploring the prevention of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in the Northwest Territories of Canada: Brightening our home fires
Engagement with women in the NT on FASD prevention was important in broadly identifying the linkages between trauma and alcohol use while respecting context and stigma around alcohol use and pregnancy.
The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research - Inhibition of cholinergic muscarinic signaling by ethanol: Potential mechanism of developmental neurotoxicity and biological plausibility for the beneficial effects of choline supplementation
Central nervous system dysfunctions are among the most significant effects of in utero exposure to ethanol. Ethanol has been shown to affect neurons and glial cells, causing cell loss and impaired cell migration and maturation. Multiple mechanisms have been suggested to underlie the effects of ethanol, including interference with growth factors, cytokines, cell adhesion molecules and neurotransmitters.
The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research - On fitting a triangle into a circle: A study on employment outcomes of adults with FASD who attended postsecondary institutions
For those individuals who did not graduate or were not employed, symptoms of FASD and other disabilities (e.g., substance abuse and mental health problems) were related to these negative outcomes. However, a supportive network of friends and family contributed to success in postsecondary studies and employment.
The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research - A practical testing battery to measure neurobehavioral ability among children with FASD
A brief, practical set of tests can discriminate between children with and without FASD and provide useful information for interventions for affected children.
The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research - Case management reduces drinking during pregnancy among high-risk women
Making an enduring change in drinking behavior is difficult in this social setting. Nonetheless, CM provided by skilled and empathic case managers reduced maternal drinking at critical times, and, therefore, alcohol exposure levels to the fetus.
The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research - Estimation of alcohol content of wine, beer and spirits to evaluate exposure risk in pregnancy: Pilot study using a questionnaire and pouring task in England
These findings support the hypothesis that when pouring their own drinks, individuals are poor at estimating each drink’s alcohol content. This has implications for public health strategies. Glass size and the level of alcohol concentration have different implications in different countries. For those drinking during pregnancy, however, the message that “no exposure is no risk” remains true.
The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research - The value of the neuropsychological assessment for adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: A case study
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is an umbrella term that reflects the range of potential effects resulting from Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (PAE). Individuals with FASD may demonstrate cognitive, functional and adaptive challenges that are as debilitating as those experienced by individuals with the full fetal alcohol syndrome.
The International Journal of Alcohol and Drug Research - FASD service delivery: Exploring current systems of care from the caregivers' perspective
Study results emphasize the need for further research exploring the concept that caregivers experience specific caregiving stages, and that programming factors should align with caregivers’ needs in each of these stages. Participants’ narratives also suggest that the results of this study may be relevant beyond its regional specificity and limited sample size, and may in fact reflect the experiences of caregivers across jurisdictions.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Side2 (Norway) - JEG HAR EN HJERNESKADE FORDI MOREN MIN DRAKK ALKOHOL I SVANGERSKAPET
Jeg er så lei meg for alle bekymringene jeg påfører foreldrene mine. Nå får jeg ikke lenger hjelp av psykologen min heller. Tror de har gitt meg opp. Jeg har en hjerneskade fordi moren min drakk alkohol i svangerskapet, og det kan jo ikke behandles. Vet du noen plass familien min kan få hjelp?
Deutsches Ärzteblatt (Germany) - Fetales Alkoholsyndrom: Oft fehldiagnostiziert und falsch betreut
Durch eine erhöhte Sensibilisierung innerhalb der Ärzteschaft konnte die Unterdiagnostik der Fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörungen in den vergangenen Jahren verbessert werden. Im Erwachsenenbereich gibt es jedoch noch große, zum Teil strukturell bedingte Defizite.

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