Sunday, September 30, 2012

FASD News - 39/2012

NEWS and ARTICLES
YLE.fi (Finland) - Finland moves to commit pregnant addicts
Today pregnant alcohol and drug abusers can only be forced into treatment if they’re considered to be risking their own health. Under current law, risks to the fetus are not ample grounds for committing a woman to professional care against her will.
The Australian (Australia) - Under-reported FASD 'an invisible disability'
FOETAL alcohol syndrome disorder has been widely under-reported and a diagnostic tool is urgently needed, a West Australian parliamentary report into "the invisible disability" says.
The Mayerthorpe Freelance (Canada) - Programs help those who have FASD live daily lives without risktaking
Alberta's help for those who have the diverse brain injuries caused when mothers drink while pregnant - is starting to extend through daily life including courts, says Teresa O'Riordan.
Fox News (USA) - Task force: Screen all adults, pregnant women for alcohol misuse
Health providers should screen all adults and pregnant women for risky drinking habits, a government-backed expert panel said in new draft recommendations.
Delhi News Record - Education vital to stopping alcohol use during pregnancy
Despite an increasing societal awareness about the risks of alcohol use during pregnancy, local data suggests there is still a need for more public education on the issue.
Northland Independent Community (New Zealand) - Foetal alcohol syndrome a life sentence
A retired teacher in Kerikeri says that he sees too many pregnant women enjoying alcohol. For Sam McHarg, the future of these women's children is the issue. Foetal alcohol syndrome creates huge challenges in the lives of children, which many never overcome.
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - Mum's heavy drinking left me with foetal alcohol syndrome and learning difficulties
SCOTS DJ Peter Bowers reveals the challenges people with learning difficulties face when trying to settle down and find a parter in new BBC Scotland documentary, Seeking Someone Special.
Anniston Star (USA) - Fetal Argument: County DA to begin prosecution of mothers who use drugs during pregnancy
The decision to prosecute local women who give birth to babies in drug withdrawal started — perhaps unsurprisingly — with a pregnant woman.

MATERIALS
Haldimand and Norfolk alcohol and pregnancy report 2012
Information in this report is presented from the Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System (RRFSS). RRFSS is an ongoing telephone survey of adults 18 and over who live in private households.
Australian Indigenous Health Bulletin - Addressing fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Australia
This report was produced by the National Indigenous Drug and Alcohol Committee as a position paper on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD). The report contains an overview of FASD in Australia, including the health and social impacts of alcohol use during pregnancy.

COMING UP
The ASANTE Centre - FASD: Supporting Ages & Stages Conference
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) has a profound impact on individuals, families and all aspects of society. This interior regional conference will explore ways to educate others about FASD, throughout all the stages of development, from infancy to adulthood.
Government of Alberta - FASD Learning Series 2012-13
FASDlive 2012 Power Point Presentations
FASDlive 2012: Expanding Our Vision is quickly approaching. Outlined below are the power points from the speakers we have received so far. We will continue to update the list as they come in to us.

RESEARCH
Alcoholism - Further Development of a Neurobehavioral Profile of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
The results of this study indicate that the neuropsychological effects of AE are clinically meaningful and can be used to accurately distinguish alcohol-affected children from both typically developing children and children with ADHD.
Medical News Today - Earliest Fetal Learning Can Be Damaged By Maternal Drinking During Pregnancy
While it has become clear that drinking during pregnancy can damage the fetal central nervous system, these outcomes can also be influenced by factors such as timing, type, amount, and duration of alcohol exposure.
Alcoholism - The Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder on Psychopathology and Behavior
This study examined prevalence of psychiatric disorders and behavioral problems in children with and without prenatal alcohol exposure (AE) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Alcoholism - Fetal Brain Function in Response to Maternal Alcohol Consumption: Early Evidence of Damage
Studies of the adverse neurobehavioral effects of maternal alcohol consumption on the fetus have been largely confined to the postnatal period, after exposure to alcohol has finished.

Monday, September 24, 2012

Alcohol News - 39/2012

YLE News (Finland) - Finland moves to commit pregnant addicts
Doctors may soon be able to force expectant substance abusers into treatment if a bill under review is written into law.
YLE Uutiset (Finland) - Finnish anti-drinking ad scares Americans sober
Alcoholic parents appear as monsters in a new Finnish anti-drinking campaign that captured the attention of the American news network CNN.
Huffington Post (USA) - Children Can Easily Buy Alcohol On eBay And Other Websites, Reports Show
The Internet can already seem like a dangerous place for a child. There are the persistent concerns of cyber bullies and sexual predators, as well as a child's potential exposure to inappropriate content like pornography.
IPPmedia (Africa) - Global meeting on alcohol policy formulation kicks off
The third international conference on alcohol policy formulation in the East Africa region begins in Arusha tomorrow. The two-day conference will attract 80 participants from the region as well as Malawi, Sweden and Norway, who have a wealth of knowledge to share on the impact of irresponsible drinking and the role of alcohol policy can play in reducing the negative impact of drinking.
CBC.ca - Letting kids sip alcohol may not stave off binge drinking
Some parents allow their children to sip alcohol, thinking it will help them to resist peer pressure later — but that might not be the best approach, the authors of an American study say.
Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Social media condemned for alcohol marketing
AUSTRALIA'S peak medical body has censured the social media giant Facebook for allowing alcohol companies to target children.
ABC Online (Australia) - Committee calls for action on fetal alcohol disorder
Parliamentary committee in Western Australia says fetal alcohol spectrum may be more prevalent than Down's Syndrome-- but a lack of data means no-one really knows how prevalent it is. The committee has found that the incidence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Aboriginal communities could be higher than 25-percent.
Guardian Express - Eight Weeks Abstinence from alcohol initiate healthier bones for alcoholics with Osteoporosis
To understand Osteoporosis and its effect on the body, breaking down the word (Osteoporosis) might be as good of a starting place as any.
BBC News (UK) - Alcohol and obesity cause liver disease death rise
Alcohol abuse and obesity are to blame for a big rise in liver disease in the North West, says a report.
RedOrbit - Symptoms Of Alcohol Abuse, Not Dependence, May Better Reflect Family Risk For Alcohol Use Disorders
Individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) vary widely in their age of onset of use, patterns of drinking, and symptom profiles. AUDs are often ‘divided’ into two categories: alcohol abuse (AA) and alcohol dependence (AD), with AA perceived as a milder syndrome that might develop into AD over time.
Times of India (India) - Alcohol linked to aggression: Experts
Alcoholism has long been linked to aggression. City psychiatrists and NGOs peg the percentage of domestic violence in households where men are alcohol addicts at 75% and say it cuts across all sections of the society.
Malta Independent Online (Malta) - Campaign encourages alcohol-free pregnancy
An increase in binge drinking among young women has led the health authorities to launch a campaign urging women to avoid drinking during pregnancy.
Berwick Today (UK) - Minimum alcohol pricing considered in Northumberland
COUNTY residents have been told by supporters of a minimum price for alcohol that supermarkets would be hit hardest and local pubs would not be affected.
News-Medical.net - Light alcohol consumption may increase risk of certain cancers
The majority of observational studies have shown that alcohol intake, especially heavy drinking, increases a number of upper-aero-digestive tract (UADT) and other cancers, and even moderate drinking is associated with a slight increase in the risk of breast cancer.
PsychCentral.com - Maternal Binge Drinking Slows Some Fetal Brain Functions
Fetuses exposed to heavy binge drinking required significantly more time to habituate, or adjust, to repeated stimulation in the womb and also showed greater variability in test performance, according to a new study.
Nyasa Times (Malawi) - Malawi NGOs call for alcohol policy adoption
Alcohol Policy Alliance, a grouping of some Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) has started mobilizing support to push for quick adoption of Alcohol Policy by Malawi Parliament.

Monday, September 17, 2012

Alcohol News - 38/2012


Medical Daily (Finland) - Terrifying PSA Asks: Are You a Monster When You're Drunk? [VIDEO]
A Finnish non-profit organization has created an advertisement that aims to stop parents from being drunk around their children.
Read more
The Baltic Course (Lithuania) - Degutiene: higher excise duty on alcohol could fight alcoholism in Lithuania
The issue of raising excise duty on alcohol requires more deliberation, yet, it could be one of the measures to fight growing alcoholism in Lithuania, says Seimas Speaker Irena Degutiene.
Baku Today (Latvia) - 95% of Latvian high school seniors drank alcohol
5% of students 8-10 classes in Latvia at least once drank alcohol, and 25000 of them consume alcoholic beverages at least once a week, the 14 September, reporter BakuToday with reference to data Research Centre for disease prevention and control.
ERR News (Estonia) - Homicides Down, but Alcohol Seen as Fueling Assault and Battery
Murders and other homicides were down by 16 percent in the first six months of the year while cases of assault and/or battery increased 11 percent, prompting concern from officials.
Helsinkin Sanomat (Finland/Russia) - Alcohol remains a major health concern in Russian Karelia
"Long live Karelia" Denis Vlasov shouts, raising his hands up in the air. It is Wednesday evening in Petrozavodsk, the capital of Russian Karelia. It is nearly ten in the evening, and under new rules, sales of vodka must end at 11:00 PM. Vlasov is also getting some while he can. "I drink on fishing trips and whenever I want to hug women", he says with a hearty laugh.
ABC News (Sweden) - Swedish Police to Parents: Pick up Your Drunk Kids
Teenagers drinking, brawling, vomiting and passing out. It's a weekend ritual in many parts of the world that often begs the question: Where are the parents?
The Local (Sweden) - Systembolaget to launch home delivery
Swedish state-owned alcohol monopoly retailer Systembolaget has been given the green light to begin offering a home delivery service.
Wall Street Journal (Chech Republic) - After Poisonings, Czech Republic Bans Hard Liquor
The Czech Republic continued Sunday to enforce a ban on sales of hard liquor, as deaths and injuries from methanol-laced bootleg alcohol rose and as Poland prohibited sales of spirits imported from its southern neighbor.
The Atlantic - Study: Red Wine Is Healthier When It's Non-Alcoholic (Sorry)
Drinking red wine in moderation has been shown to ward off heart disease, and many have latched onto the research as an excuse to indulge a little bit, or a lot. But where does alcohol factor into the benefits?
CBS News - Consuming three or more alcoholic drinks daily may raise risk for hemorrhagic stroke
Having three or more alcoholic beverages each day may put you at higher risk of having a a type of hemorrhagic stroke known as an intracerebral hemorrhage at an earlier age, according to a new study.
The Press Association (UK) - Alcohol price plan faces objection
A controversial plan to set a minimum price for alcohol is being delayed by an objection from Bulgaria, an industry body has revealed.
Science Codex - Abstinence from alcohol plus physical exercise can help reclaim bone loss due to alcoholism
Osteoporosis, or reduced bone mineral density (BMD), is defined by an absolute decrease in total bone mass, caused mostly by an imbalance between osteoclastic bone resorption and osteoblastic bone formation.
Science Codex - Symptoms of alcohol abuse, not dependence, may better reflect family risk for alcohol use disorders
Individuals with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) vary widely in their age of onset of use, patterns of drinking, and symptom profiles. AUDs are often 'divided' into two categories: alcohol abuse (AA) and alcohol dependence (AD), with AA perceived as a milder syndrome that might develop into AD over time.
ABC Online (Australia) - Alcohol abuse causing forgotten children
The repurcussions of harmful drinking are never localised. The Salvation Army has released new research about alcohol abuse in families.
TVNZ (New Zealand) - Alcohol reform an opportunity missed – expert
A leading Auckland researcher in suicide prevention says the government missed a trick when the alcohol laws passed through parliament unchanged last month.
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland) - Revealed: The cost of alcohol abuse by council area in Scotland
ALCOHOL-RELATED harm could cost more than £1000 per person in Scotland's largest council, new figures have revealed.
Phys.org - Research: Substances present in alcohol found to influence superconductivity
In previous research, the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) discovered that iron telluride compounds [Fe(Te,S) system], which are iron-based superconducting related substances, become superconductors when simmered in alcoholic beverages.
BBC News (UK) - Help kids in drink abuse homes, says commission
The government should pay as much attention to the parents who drink too much as it does to those who misuse illegal drugs, says a report.
Taranaki Daily News (New Zealand) - Linking alcohol abuse to high youth suicide
Dr Cranshaw pointed out New Zealand has the second highest rate of youth suicide in the OECD and that alcohol is the major factor in youth suicide.
eGov monitor (UK) - Alcohol pricing in England could save elderly lives
Introducing a minimum price of 50p per unit of alcohol could help save 5,000 lives each year, according to new research.
Irish Examiner (Ireland) - Alcohol is the most used date rape drug
Alcohol is the most common date rape drug in the country, according to rape crisis groups. The Rape Crisis Network Ireland said that while there was little evidence to show that better-known rape drugs, such as Rohypnol, were being used, alcohol was regularly involved in sex attacks.

Sunday, September 16, 2012

FASD News - 37/2012


NEWS AND ARTICLES
NIH (USA) - NIH statement on International FASD Awareness Day
International Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) Awareness Day, recognized every year on the ninth day of the ninth month, is an important reminder that prenatal alcohol exposure is the leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disorders in the United States.
Read more
CDC (USA) - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Awareness Day
September 9th is Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) Awareness Day. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause FASDs. Read about Melissa’s experience with alcohol use during pregnancy. Information about the new FASD app is also provided.
WellandTribune (Canada) - Give children with FASD opportunities to shine
Five years ago, if someone had told Melanie her adopted daughter would win three gold medals in a figure skating competition, she would have laughed. Her daughter, now nine years old, was born with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder — an umbrella term used to describe the issues experienced by someone whose mother drank during pregnancy.
The Chronicle Journal (Canada) - Fetal alcohol syndrome awareness on the rise
It takes a community to raise a child and to heal a child. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is a life-long illness that not only requires physical care, but spiritual care as well.
CBS Atlanta (USA) - At Emory University, experts try new approach to treating fetal alcohol syndrome
Health experts from the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a recommendation last week that every child be screened for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. It is believed that nearly one in every three women drink while they're pregnant, and experts at Emory University have started a new approach to the treatment of those babies born with FAS.
The Canberra Times (Australia) - Alcohol in pregnancy warning
Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can be more damaging to an unborn child than smoking or consuming other potential toxins, according to a leading expert on foetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
The New Age Online (South Africa) - Sobriety Week hopes to reduce high FAS statistics
As South Africa marks its annual Sobriety Week, the DA in the province says it is “deeply concerned that (alcohol abuse in pregnancy) statistics remain unacceptably high”.

RESOURCES
NOFAS-UK - Resources for teachers
Below is a list of resources about the issues and challenges faced by students with FASD and those working with them in UK educational settings.
NOFAS-UK - Educating Children and Young People with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: Constructing Personalised Pathways to Learning
The range of learning difficulties associated with children and young people who have Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) has been highlighted as an emerging but little understood area of Special Educational Needs.
SSAT - Complex Learning Difficulties and Disabilities (CLDD) research project
The Department for Education identified through feedback from schools that educators needed a new teaching and learning framework to meet the needs of children and young people with Complex Learning Difficulties and Disabilities (CLDD). SSAT was commissioned to develop resources to support schools in educating these children.
CCSA - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Readings and Resources
This page is intended to support Canadian practitioners addressing FASD by:
Providing recent, accurate information on the important and complex issue of substance use and pregnancy through this Web section and through a toll-free telephone information and reference service; and Serving as a gateway to other credible Canadian sources of information.
Human Relations Media - UNDERSTANDING FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME
In this video, viewers meet Liz, a teenager who is afflicted with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) because her mother drank alcohol during her pregnancy. FAS represents a spectrum of physical and emotional disorders that occur because of alcohol poisoning before birth.
NCBI (USA) - Resources for Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

RESEARCH
Pediatrics - Blood Alcohol Levels for American Indian Mothers and Newborns
Very little is known about the alcohol elimination rates of newborns who have had chronic alcohol exposure in utero. In these case reports, blood alcohol levels were taken immediately before delivery, at delivery, and postdelivery for 2 mothers who drank alcohol during their pregnancies and 3 single-birth newborns.
elmadrassa - Children with fetal disorders (FASD) have more severe behavioral problems that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study
Our results show that, overall, children with FASD have more severe behavioral problems, said Bush. In terms of social cognition and emotional processing, the base deficit in FASD appears to be the understanding and interpretation of another state of mind and emotions.
Hindawi - Severe Gastrooesophageal Reflux Disease Associated with Foetal Alcohol Syndrome
Prenatal alcohol exposure may have adverse effects on the developing foetus resulting in significant growth restriction, characteristic craniofacial features, and central nervous system dysfunction. The toxic effects of alcohol on the developing brain are well recognised.

Monday, September 3, 2012

Alcohol News - 36/2012


Science a Gogo - Alcohol rewires brain for PTSD
Heavy drinking appears to impair the brain's ability to recover from trauma and may put people at greater risk for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), say scientists from the University of North Carolina and the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Read more
BBC News (Scotland) - NHS report says Scots are drinking less alcohol
People in Scotland are drinking less alcohol, according to an NHS report analysing retail sales.
Medical News Today - Alcohol-Related Liver Diseases Detected With Blood Test
A color-coded "traffic light" blood test can diagnose liver cirrhosis and fibrosis in heavy alcohol drinkers much more easily and accurately than present diagnostic approaches, researchers from the University of Southampton and Southampton General Hospital, England, reported in the British Journal of General Practice.
GoodTherapy.org - Alcohol Use and Conduct Disorder in Adolescence Predicts Antisocial Behavior
Adult antisocial behavior (ASB) has been studied extensively in recent years. Determining the factors that contribute to and predict the onset of ASB is essential in order to identify those most at risk. In existing research, links between ASB and adolescent and childhood conduct disorder (CD) have been found.
Technorati - A Single Sip of Alcohol Could put Children at Risk of Alcoholism
Parents often think that letting their children have a sip of alcohol at home is a safe way to promote responsible drinking but this could put their child at future risk.
Counsel & Heal - Alcohol Permanently Damages Blood Stem Cells
A new study by researchers from the Medical Research Council (MRC) Laboratory of Molecular Biology claims that stem cells in the body's 'blood cell factory' -the bone marrow - are extremely sensitive to the main byproduct of alcohol, which causes a permanent damage to their DNA.
Toronto Star (Canada) - Turning around Ontario lives hurt by fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder is the most common of developmental disabilities, affecting an estimated one in 100 Canadians or 130,000 Ontarians. But this province lags far behind the rest of the country in addressing this complex yet preventable disability, and is unnecessarily relegating far too many people to the margins of society.
BBC News (UK) - MPs demand action on lost alcohol taxation
The UK's tax authorities should prosecute more people for alcohol smuggling, a committee of MPs says. The Public Accounts Committee says there were no more than six successful prosecutions each year, in the four years to 2009-10.
Donegal Democrat (Ireland) - ‘The more drink is available, 
the more people will drink’ - Dr Gerry Lane, consultant
Dr Gerry Lane, a consultant in emergency medicine at Letterkenny General Hospital, is widely known and respected for his unflinching honesty in a national road safety campaign on television. This week, he was equally hard-hitting about the effects of excess drink on people of all ages in Donegal.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Alcohol reformers keep pushing
MPs and lobby groups say once-in-a-generation alcohol reforms must be salvaged after one of the core measures was defeated in Parliament.
Voxy (New Zealand) - National MP admits Govt looking after alcohol industry
Nikki Kaye, National MP for Auckland Central, speaking on national television this morning (TV1 Breakfast) admitted that the government has the well-being of the alcohol industry very much in mind as it manages the current alcohol reform process.
British Journal of Psychiatry (UK) - The price of a drink: the potential of alcohol minimum unit pricing as a public health measure in the UK
The UK has seen a dramatic increase in alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm over the past 30 years.

Sunday, September 2, 2012

FASD News - 35/2012


COMING UP
EUFASD - Second European Conference on FASD
The European FASD Alliance is pleased to announce the Second European Conference on FASD – Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: clinical and biochemical diagnosis, screening and follow-up, which will take place in Barcelona, October 21 to 24, 2012.

NEWS
RedOrbit - Eye Movement Research Could Help Diagnose Neurological Disorders
USC-led team has designed a low-cost, easily-deployed method for detecting ADHD, Parkinson’s, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Researchers at the University of Southern California have devised a method for detecting certain neurological disorders through the study of eye movements.
World Socialist Web Site (South Africa) - Rising incidence of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome in South Africa
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) describes a range of permanent birth defects caused by the maternal intake of alcohol. The term Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is applied to children at the severe end of the spectrum. South Africa’s Western Cape and Northern Cape Provinces have the highest FAS prevalence in the world.
Doctors Lounge - Variation Noted in Pattern of Alcohol-Related Birth Defects
Exposure to alcohol early in pregnancy produces a pattern of facial and brain defects that can vary greatly depending on the time of exposure, according to an experimental study published online Aug. 22 in PLoS One.
Sky News (Australia) - Fetal Alcohol Syndrome under spotlight
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome came under the spotlight this week after the Federal Government announced new funding for programs targeting the problem.
Ministry of Children and Family Development (Canada) - New online tools boost FASD awareness in B.C.
To kick off Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Prevention and Support Month, the B.C. government is launching an awareness campaign with new online tools and an interactive quiz to get people of all ages involved.

SEPTEMBER 9
CDC - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Awareness Day
September 9th is Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASDs) Awareness Day. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can cause FASDs. Read about Melissa’s experience with alcohol use during pregnancy. Information about the new FASD app is also provided.
GEMS (South Africa) - International Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Day, 9 September 2012
Many mothers are not aware that drinking excessive amounts of alcohol during pregnancy can be harmful to their unborn baby. Alcohol may be toxic to the foetus and can cause a number of health problems for both the mother and the unborn child including spontaneous abortion, premature labour, stillbirth and foetal alcohol syndrome, which is a variety of different birth defects.

MATERIALS
Barry Carpenter Education - Information for parents, carers and professionals
FASD is a direct result of prenatal alcohol exposure and can be completely eliminated if pregnant women do not drink alcohol.

RESEARCH
NHS - Gross motor performance in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and following “moderate” to “heavy” levels of prenatal alcohol exposure: a systematic review
What is the prevalence of gross motor impairment in children 18 years or younger with a diagnosis of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder or exposed to "moderate" to "heavy" levels of alcohol prenatally?
The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse - A Review of Evidence-Based Approaches for Reduction of Alcohol Consumption in Native Women Who Are Pregnant or of Reproductive Age
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are the leading preventable cause of developmental disabilities in the United States and likely throughout the world. FASDs can be prevented by avoiding alcohol use during pregnancy; however, efforts to prevent risky alcohol consumption in women of childbearing potential have not been universally successful.
PLOS - Ethanol-Induced Face-Brain Dysmorphology Patterns Are Correlative and Exposure-Stage Dependent
Prenatal ethanol exposure is the leading preventable cause of congenital mental disability. Whereas a diagnosis of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) requires identification of a specific pattern of craniofacial dysmorphology, most individuals with behavioral and neurological sequelae of heavy prenatal ethanol exposure do not exhibit these defining facial characteristics.
Alcoholism - Effects of Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposure and Iron Deficiency Anemia on Child Growth and Body Composition through Age 9 Years
Prenatal alcohol exposure has been associated with pre- and postnatal growth restriction, but little is known about the natural history of this restriction throughout childhood or the effects of prenatal alcohol on body composition.
Alcohol and Alcoholism - Maternal Alcohol Use during Pregnancy, Birth Weight and Early Behavioral Outcomes
To examine the effect of maternal alcohol use during pregnancy on infant behavioral outcomes and birth weight, and to investigate the differential susceptibility of infant behavioral outcomes and birth weight to prenatal alcohol exposure.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Новостной проект INFOX.ru (Russia) - Нервные расстройства определят по глазам
Оценить неврологическое состояние человека можно без трудоемких тестов. Для этого достаточно отследить движения его глаз при просмотре телевизора.