Sunday, August 2, 2020

FASD News - 30/2020

Scoop (New Zealand) - New Mandatory Labelling Rules For Alcohol Protect Kiwi Kids
New Zealand will be moving to mandatory pregnancy warning labels on alcohol products, Food Safety Minister Damien O’Connor has announced.
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ABC News (Australia) - Pregnancy warnings on alcoholic beverages will now be mandatory
Multi-coloured pregnancy warnings on alcoholic beverages will be mandatory in Australia after the Ministerial Forum on Food Regulation accepted new standards proposed by Food Standards Australia and New Zealand.
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Country94 (Canada) - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Awareness Campaign Launched
You may have noticed posts on social media about the dangers of alcohol-exposed pregnancy. The Canada Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Research Network recently launched their national 8-week awareness campaign.
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Study Finds (UK) - Alarming survey: 1 in 4 young adults don’t know women shouldn’t drink while pregnant
There are many risks that go along with drinking alcohol. For a pregnant woman, those risks can be especially harmful for their unborn child. Despite the dangers, an unnerving survey finds a quarter of young adults are unaware of the threat alcohol poses for a fetus.
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Science Blog - Choline supplements in young children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder have lasting cognitive benefiits
NIAAA-funded scientists report that early life dietary choline supplements improve some of the cognitive and behavioral symptoms associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) four years after treatment ended.
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Human Rights Campaign - On the 30th Anniversary of the ADA, Listen To Us
Living as a trans man as well as with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome has been difficult, to say the least. FAS is an invisible disability. People expect me to respond and handle things faster then my brain will allow.
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Telethon Kids Institute (Australia) - Alcohol industry lobbying puts babies at risk
Telethon Kids Institute researchers have urged Australia’s Food Safety Ministers to hold their nerve and resist alcohol industry efforts to water down health labels that will protect Australian babies from the lifelong effects of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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VIDEOS and MATERIALS

CanFASD - Loss, Grief, and FASD
This panel discussion dives into the topics of loss, grief, and resilience in relation to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD).
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1 News - BOTTLED SHAME
Every year up to 3000 Kiwi babies are born with foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).  It's permanent brain damage caused by alcohol exposure in the womb.  Although FASD causes serious learning, social and emotional problems, there is no government funding to support those living with it.
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Brendan Preston Production - Voices: FASD & Housing in Yukon
The film focused on several individuals with FASD and their struggles in the context of finding and maintaining housing in the Yukon. The finished film was presented at a national symposium being hosted here in Whitehorse, which was attended by Social Workers, policy makers and NGO’s, and the feedback was incredible.
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Deep Blue Digital - Metabolic disorders - Fetal alcohol syndrome
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NAMI Piedmont Tri-County - Eileen Devine LCSW
Do you wonder why your child seems harder to parent than your friend's or family's children? Do you find yourself thinking "it doesn't matter what I do, even parenting my other children the same way, this child seems more unpredictable or harder to manage than others their same age"?
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RESEARCH
The Lancet - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: preventing collateral damage from COVID-19

During the COVID-19 pandemic, slowing the spread of the disease and caring for people whose survival and health are jeopardised have rightly been prioritised. Now, attention is increasingly being focused on the unwelcome consequences of COVID-19 for individuals, families, communities, and society.
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Ursinus College - Altered Axon Guidance in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: A Review
The objective is to determine whether FASD alters mechanisms and pathways associated to axon guidance in various key regions of the brain that cause cognitive and behavioral deficits.
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Sleep Medicine - Parent-reported sleep problems in school-aged children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Association with child behaviour, caregiver and family functioning
Sleep problems in children and adolescents with FASD are common and associated with poorer child, caregiver and family outcomes. Future research needs to determine whether effective identification and management of sleep problems can reduce adverse outcomes.
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OAKTrust - Molecular Analysis of a Paternally Transmitted Placental Phenotype in a Mouse Model of Paternal Alcohol Exposure
This project investigates the reason why the placentas of mice sired by males exposed to alcohol prior to conception are larger and less efficient than placentas of control mice.
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Biology of Sex Differences - An interaction between fetal sex and placental weight and efficiency predicts intrauterine growth in response to maternal protein insufficiency and gestational exposure window in a mouse model of FASD
Our data indicate that the placenta is strongly involved in the fetal stress response and adapts in a sex-dependent fashion to support fetal development under the alcohol stressor. These variables may further influence the spectrum of intrauterine growth outcomes observed in those diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
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American Journal of Medical Genetics - Ocular measurements in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) describe a range of physical, behavioral, and neurologic deficits in individuals exposed to alcohol prenatally. Reduced palpebral fissure length is one of the cardinal facial features of FASD.
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Health Promotion Journal of Australia - Mandatory pregnancy health warning labels on alcohol: Listen to the experts not the Industry
On 17 July 2020, Ministers on the Forum of Food Regulation will have the opportunity to approve pregnancy health warning labels on alcohol that have been developed by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ).
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Journal of Population Therapeutics and Clinical Pharmacology - Treatment algorithm for the use of psychopharmacological agents in individuals prenatally exposed to alcohol and/or with diagnosis of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD)
Psychotropic medication treatment of individuals who have experienced prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) has lagged behind psychosocial interventions.
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Human Brain Mapping - Different brain profiles in children with prenatal alcohol exposure with or without early adverse exposures
These findings show different brain structure and mental health symptom profiles in children with PAE with and without postnatal adversity, highlighting the need to consider adverse postnatal exposures in individuals with PAE.
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Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Connecting People with People: Diagnosing Persons with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Using Telehealth
While ongoing efforts have been made to increase the capacity of communities to provide early FASD diagnosis, there continues to be on-going challenges, particularly for remote and rural communities. Telehealth is the use of technology to connect communities at a distance and has been effectively used in medicine for several decades.
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Mindfulness - Caregivers of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder: Psychosocial Factors and Evidence for Self-compassion as a Potential Intervention Target
The current findings revealed shame, pride, guilt and self-compassion were associated with caregiver psychological distress. Self-compassion and shame were identified as unique contributors to caregiver psychological distress.
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Journal of Public Health Policy - Opioid exposure in newborns: lessons learned from fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
The increasing incidence of opioid-exposed pregnancies in the United States is a concerning public health challenge. Analysis of the public health responses to prenatal alcohol exposure may inform future prevention and treatment strategies.
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Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada - Screening and Intervention Practices for Alcohol Use by Pregnant Women and Women of Childbearing Age: Results of a Canadian Survey
Strategies are needed to improve familiarity with and uptake of the Alcohol Use and Pregnancy Consensus Clinical Guidelines. Particular attention should be given to education and training regarding the use of validated screening questionnaires and brief intervention practices.
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Global Pediatric Health - Searching for the Fetal Alcohol Behavioral Phenotype
This narrative review presents the emerging published evidence on the existence of a phenotypic behavior in children with fetal alcohol spectrum behavior. Such a phenotype, exhibiting high sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values, may assist clinicians and families in identifying children who often miss some of the information needed for full diagnosis, but who may benefit from these screening tools in mobilizing help to these youngsters and their families.
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Alcohol and Alcoholism - Change Over Time in Australian Newspaper Reporting of Drinking During Pregnancy: A Content Analysis (2000–2017)
A stronger abstinence message during pregnancy has been communicated through Australian newspaper media over time. The mixed messaging and large number of articles not endorsing a position on consumption may reflect the inconclusiveness of the evidence on harms from low to moderate levels of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
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Nutrition Reviews - A systematic review of economic evaluations of antenatal nutrition and alcohol interventions and their associated implementation interventions
The current evidence base has important gaps that limit its value to decision makers. Incorporating health economic principles and methods into health promotion interventions will inform decisions about how to derive value from investment in healthcare.
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Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Association of prenatal alcohol exposure with preadolescent alcohol sipping in the ABCD study
This study shows that any alcohol use during pregnancy may play an important role in very early alcohol use experimentation among offspring by ages 9–10.
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Nuclear Medicine and Biology - GABAa receptor density alterations revealed in a mouse model of early moderate prenatal ethanol exposure using [18F]AH114726
Early moderate PEE may induce long-term alterations in the GABAaR system that persisted into adulthood.
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Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - Alcohol Use Trajectories Before and After Pregnancy Among Adolescent and Young Adult Mothers
Adolescent and young adult mothers show heterogeneous risky drinking trajectories from prepregnancy to postpregnancy. Pregnant women in the transitional age of early adulthood who report exposure to caregiver alcohol use, more friends who drink, and coping motives for drinking may have elevated risk for moderate–heavy drinking during the perinatal period and may benefit from targeted intervention.
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BMC Public Health - Social predictors of alcohol use and cessation during pregnancy among Japanese women: the Tohoku Medical Megabank Project Birth and Three-Generation Cohort Study
Women with higher education were more likely to consume alcohol in early pregnancy and to cease between early pregnancy and middle pregnancy. Working women were more likely to consume alcohol throughout pregnancy in Japan.
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