Sunday, August 12, 2018

FASD News - 32/2018

PhillyVoice.com (France) - French winemakers are not pleased with new warning labels
The French may love their wine, but the government is cracking down – and French winemakers are not happy. Health Minister of France Agnès Buzyn wants to implement a larger warning label on wine bottles and wine producers don't understand the need for it.
ABC Local (Australia) - New tool to help screen for Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Diagnosing brain impairments caused by alcohol consumption during pregnancy remains a challenge in Australia, but new eye-tracking technology could help change that.
Newshub (New Zealand) - 772 NZ babies born affected by drugs, alcohol, prescription medicine in past five years
Hundreds of Kiwi babies have been born recently affected by drugs, alcohol, or prescription medicine - causing serious damage to their health.
AAP News - Maternal Alcohol Use During Lactation and Child Development
Gibson and Porter1 are commended for providing information on a difficult-to-research and poorly understood topic: longitudinal child developmental effects of maternal substance use via breast milk.
Washington Post - Environmental toxins are seen as posing risks during pregnancy
Leading up to and during pregnancy, women are told to avoid alcohol and cigarettes, to make sure they get enough folate and omega-3 fatty acids, and to get adequate sleep and exercise.
Forensic Scholars Today - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and Problem Fragmentation (Opinion Piece)
As a social problem and a consequence of the plethora of alcohol caused harms, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is characterised by complexity, ambiguity, and a lack of agreement on definition and solutions.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
CanFASD - Why FASD Research Matters to Caregivers
Why FASD Research Matters to Caregivers - a conversation with the CanFASD Family Advisory Committee.
Psychlopaedia.org - 20 myths about fetal alcohol spectrum disorder debunked
Awareness of FASD is on the rise, but many parents and health professionals are yet to recognise the symptoms of the disorder, or the scale of the problem. Children from all backgrounds are affected, making this a hidden epidemic behind many behavioural and learning issues.
Northwest Strategies - What is FASD

RESEARCH
British Journal of Occupational Therapy - Elements for developing community-based interventions for adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A scoping review
Current literature about interventions for adults with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is limited, which is a concern, due to the high prevalence of FASD.
Alcoholism: Clinical and experimental research - Mapping the spectrum of prenatal alcohol effects with dense surface models of the face and brain
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) refers to the spectrum of teratogenic effects of prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) represents the extreme end of the spectrum and comprises somatic and neural growth deficiency, neurobehavioral impairment and a distinctive facial appearance (Hoyme et al., 2016).
core.ac.uk - Evaluation of a Retrospective Diary for peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy drinking in Scotland: a cross-sectional study
Women reported higher consumption levels when completing the Retrospective Diary, especially regarding peri-conceptual ‘binge’ drinking.
Loyola University Chicago - Mechanisms and Consequences of Epigenetic Inheritance Following Parental Preconception Alcohol Exposure
Recent advances in genomics research have revealed that preconception behaviors and experiences of mothers and fathers, including diet, environmental toxicants, and drug abuse, can impact future offspring through epigenetic mechanisms.
Development and Psychopathology - Testing the programming of temperament and psychopathology in two independent samples of children with prenatal substance exposure
Prenatal programming models have rarely been applied to research on children with prenatal substance exposure, despite evidence suggesting that prenatal drug exposure is a form of stress that impacts neurodevelopmental outcomes and risk for psychopathology.
Development and Psychopathology - Atypical fetal development: Fetal alcohol syndrome, nutritional deprivation, teratogens, and risk for neurodevelopmental disorders and psychopathology
Accumulating evidence indicates that the fetal environment plays an important role in brain development and sets the brain on a trajectory across the life span.
Behavioural brain Research - Prenatal Ethanol Exposure Increases Risk of Psychostimulant Addiction
Prenatal ethanol exposure (PE) causes many cognitive and behavioral deficits including increased drug addiction risk, demonstrated by enhanced ethanol intake and behavioral phenotypes associated with addiction risk.
PloS one - Retinal Wnt signaling defect in a zebrafish fetal alcohol spectrum disorder model
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder caused by prenatal alcohol exposure includes ocular abnormalities (microphthalmia, photoreceptor dysfunction, cataracts).
Experimental eye research - Retinal structure and function in monkeys with fetal alcohol exposure
Exposure to ethanol in utero leads to several brain development disorders including retinal abnormalities whose underlying cellular pathogenesis remains elusive.
The New Zealand Medical Journal - Alcohol consumption in New Zealand women before and during pregnancy: findings from the Growing Up in New Zealand study
Drinking is common in New Zealand women before pregnancy, particularly among European and Māori women. Some women consume small amounts of alcohol and some engage in heavy drinking in pregnancy.
University of the Witwatersrand - Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on 3-week-old Sprague-Dawley rat proximal tibia: an immunohistochemical and three-dimensional micro computed tomography X-Ray investigation
Intrauterine alcohol exposure is detrimental to fetal and postnatal development. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe effect of prenatal alcohol exposure.
Am Acad Pediatrics - Drinking or Smoking While Breastfeeding and Later Cognition in Children
Exposing infants to alcohol through breastmilk may cause dose-dependent reductions in their cognitive abilities. This reduction was observed at age 6 to 7 years but was not sustained at age 10 to 11 years.
Am Acad Pediatrics - Maternal Alcohol Use During Lactation and Child Development
Gibson and Porter1 are commended for providing information on a difficult-to-research and poorly understood topic: longitudinal child developmental effects of maternal substance use via breast milk.
HeinOnline - The Right to Health of the Child in Prenatal Stage

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Corriere della Sera (Italy) - Bere alcol in allattamento riduce le capacità cognitive fino ai 6 anni del bimbo
I danni sul feto dovuti all’assunzione di alcol in gravidanza sono noti da tempo. Ora emerge che i bambini allattati al seno da madri che bevono alcol hanno capacità cognitive ridotte. Lo ha evidenziato una nuova ricerca appena pubblicata sulla rivista Pediatrics.
Sveriges Television (Sweden) - Här dricker flest kvinnor alkohol under graviditeten
FAS eller fetalt alkoholsyndrom är en medicinsk diagnos på alkoholrelaterade fosterskador som ger livslånga och varierande funktionsnedsättningar hos barnet. I Sverige diagnostiseras årligen mellan 100 och 200 barn med FAS.

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