Sunday, July 31, 2016

FASD News - 30/2016

NEWS and ARTICLES
Medscape - Updated Guidelines for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Updated clinical guidelines for diagnosing fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, field-tested in evaluations of 10,000 children in the United States, South Africa, and Europe, provide more detail on learning and behavioral deficits and include a new flowchart and a photographic guide for lip and philtrum morphology. The new recommendations update guidelines previously issued in 2005.
NOFAS (Ukraine) - NOFAS Affiliate Spotlight: Ukraine Works Ltd
“What I need is information about fetal alcohol,” Stephen Severylov, then Director of the Mykolychin Internat, a boarding school for children with special needs, told me in late September 2007. I had no idea what he was talking about and as it turned out, neither did he.
Chicago Tribune (USA) - Kids harmed by alcohol in the womb find haven in mom's suburban camp
They seem like typical adolescents, and in many ways they are. But most of them said it was the first time they'd been in a group of people who understand them. For some, it was the first time they've met other people who also have some form of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
TwinCities.com-Pioneer Press - Tiffany Morgan wants you to know she drank while pregnant
Sometimes bystanders are curious when they see Tiffany Morgan’s 8-year-old daughter have a meltdown at the playground. The conversation goes like this: “Why is she doing that?” asks the stranger. “She has FASD,” Morgan explains.
WDAZ - Drinks worse than drugs for expecting mothers
A new study by a local doctor is raising concern about the number of babies born in North Dakota with fetal alcohol syndrome.
SelectScience.net - Identification of Early Biomarkers for Alcohol Related Brain Development Abnormalities
Dr Nune Darbinian, Research Laboratory Manager at Shriners Hospitals Pediatric Research Center, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, told SelectScience about brain development research that was recently presented at the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Study Group/Research Society on Alcoholism (FASDSG/RSoA) and Society for Neuroscience (SfN) symposia.
The Nation Newspaper (Kenya) - Avoid alcohol, expectant mothers told
Expectant mothers have been advised to stay away from beer and other alcoholic drinks. This is because its potential negative impact on growing foetus can lead to birth defects.
News-Medical.net - Parental substance use increases health risks among children
Children whose parents or caregivers misuse alcohol or use, produce or distribute drugs face an increased risk of medical and behavioral problems. According to a new clinical report by experts at Beth Israel Medical Center (BIDMC) and Boston Children's Hospital, pediatricians are in a unique position to assess risk and intervene to protect children.
ABC Online (Australia) - Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder diagnosis tool hoped to change lives of Australian victims
Australia finally has a tool for diagnosing foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) — a condition caused by mothers consuming alcohol while pregnant.
Edmonton Journal (Canada) - Edmonton moms at risk get support from innovative, inner city health program
The birth of her baby girl should have been the happiest day of the young mom’s life; instead, it became an agonizing experience.

VIDEO and MATERIALS
Our Issues Twin Cities - EPisode 64 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FASD
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every year, about 7,000 children are born in Minnesota with alcohol exposure before birth, putting them at risk of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.
Erika Krings - FASD - Der Drache (Verzweiflung, Wut und Angst)
This video is about the impact of disability FAS covering 59 years of my life. This image presentation describes a biography of love and failure of concert successes and alcoholism, burnout and its aftermath.
YourAlberta - Current Neuroplasticity Research and Ideas for Promoting Long Term Functional Change
An overview of current neuroplasticity research explaining the firing and wiring of the nervous system. In addition, activity-based concepts are discussed, including:

UPCOMING
EUFASD - European Conference on FASD 2016
Research conference from 12 to 14 September 2016, Royal Holloway, University of London. EUFASD Continuing professional training day, 15 September 2016, Royal Holloway, University of London.
The 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (March 1-4, 2017)
Call for abstracts just announced. Deadline for all submissions are August 26, 2016.

RESEARCH
Dove Medical Press - Fetal alcohol-spectrum disorders: identifying at-risk mothers
Fetal alcohol-spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a collection of physical and neuro­behavioral disabilities caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. To prevent or mitigate the costly effects of FASD, we must identify mothers at risk for having a child with FASD, so that we may reach them with interventions.
Pediatrics - Updated Clinical Guidelines for Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
The purpose of the current report is to present updated diagnostic guidelines based on a thorough review of the literature and the authors’ combined expertise based on the evaluation of >10 000 children for potential FASD in clinical settings and in epidemiologic studies in conjunction with National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism–funded studies, the Collaborative Initiative on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, and the Collaboration on FASD Prevalence.
OpenUCT - The impact of fetal alcohol syndrome on a child's classroom performance : a case study of a rural South African school
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe of a spectrum of birth defects caused by a mother drinking alcohol whilst pregnant. Its manifestation in the Central Nervous System causes intellectual and behavioural abnormalities, which pose considerable challenges in the classroom.
Biology Open - Alcohol exposure leads to unrecoverable cardiovascular defects along with edema and motor function changes in developing zebrafish larvae
In the present study we exposed zebrafish embryos to 1% and 2% alcohol and observed the morphology of heart and blood vessels during and after exposure to investigate motor function alterations, and damage and recovery to the cardiovascular system.
Nurse Practitioner - Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Prevention, identification, and intervention
This article discusses methods for identifying and assisting women who consume alcohol prenatally and referring infants and children with FASD for intervention.
Journal of Leukocyte Biology - Inflammatory responses to alcohol in the CNS: nuclear receptors as potential therapeutics for alcohol-induced neuropathologies
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which results from ethanol exposure during pregnancy, and alcohol use disorder (AUD), which includes both binge and chronic alcohol abuse, are strikingly common and costly at personal and societal levels.
Cogent Psychology - A systematic review of the prevalence of foetal alcohol syndrome disorders among young people in the criminal justice system
Given the established association between foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and risk of criminality and criminalisation, this systematic review examines the prevalence of FASD within youth justice systems.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - A Renewed Call to Action: The Need for Systematic Research on Interventions for FASD
Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health - Gross motor performance in children prenatally exposed to alcohol and living in remote Australia
This study aimed to determine the gross motor (GM) performance of Aboriginal children living in remote Australia. The relationship between GM skills, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) was explored.
Journal of Obstetrics - Implications of Applying Minimal Risk Standards in Clinical Research to Information Provision in Prenatal and Pre-conception Care
There have long been minimal risk thresholds beneath which risks may not need to be discussed in clinical research. This threshold concept may be applied to clinical practice. Our research explored application of minimal risk standards in research regulations to providing information in prenatal and pre-conception care.
St. Catherine University - Professionals’ Perspectives on Substance Abuse and Pregnancy
Drug use has become an increasing issue in society, affecting a wide variety of populations. Specifically, the use of substances has increasingly been entering the lives of women during pregnancy.
Alcoholism - Neurobehavioral Deficits Consistent Across Age and Sex in Youth with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure
Neurobehavioral consequences of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure are well documented; however, the role of age or sex in these effects has not been studied. The current study examined the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, sex, and age on neurobehavioral functioning in children.
Alcohol - Did you drink alcohol during pregnancy? Inaccuracy and discontinuity of women’s self-reports: On the way to establish meconium Ethyl Glucuronide (EtG) as a biomarker for alcohol consumption during pregnancy
During their 3rd trimester, mothers of children with detectable EtG values ≥10 ng/g tended to report prenatal alcohol consumption more frequently (p < .10), but nearly never above “Yes, I drank rarely”. Asked retrospectively, when children were 6 to 8 years of age, there was no difference in self-reported behavior of EtG-positive vs. EtG-negative cases.
Behavioral Health - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Youth Firesetting: A Need for Increased Awareness and Understanding Among Fire Prevention and Safety Specialists
Approximately two to five percent of the U.S. population is affected by this debilitating disorder, but many practitioners and professionals are still widely unfamiliar with consequences caused by prenatal alcohol exposure.
Behavioural Brain Research - Effects of sex and housing on social, spatial, and motor behavior in adult rats exposed to moderate levels of alcohol during prenatal development
Persistent deficits in social behavior, motor behavior, and behavioral flexibility are among the major negative consequences associated with exposure to ethanol during prenatal development.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
nrc.nl (Netherlands) - ‘Alcohol verhoogt kans op crimineel kind’
‘De familie is de bron van al het kwaad’, was de kop boven een driegesprek tussen strafrechtadvocaten Peter Plasman, Inez Weski en Gerard Spong in opinietijdschrift HP/De Tijd.
Süddeutsche.de (Germany) - Die Gesundheit als politische Aufgabe
Nach ihrem Verzicht auf eine neue Kandidatur zieht die Fürstenfeldbrucker SPD-Landtagsabgeordnete Kathrin Sonnenholzner eine Halbzeit-Bilanz ihrer Legislaturperiode und blickt zurück auf "zweieinhalb Jahre Lust und Frust" als Vorsitzende des Ausschusses für Gesundheit und Pflege.
CelleHeute (Germany) - Das fetale Alkoholsyndrom – die unsichtbare Behinderung
Eine Informations- und Aufklärungsveranstaltung zum Thema „Das fetale Alkoholsyndrom – die unsichtbare Behinderung, wie wirkt sie sich aus und was brauchen Betroffene, Angehörige, pädagogische Fachkräfte, Jugendämter und andere Behörden“ findet am Freitag, 12. August, im 4 Generationen Park Wathlingen statt. Die Schirmherrschaft der Veranstaltung hat die Niedersächsische Ministerin Cornelia Rundt (Ministerium für Soziales, Gesundheit und Gleichstellung) übernommen.

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