Sunday, July 26, 2015

FASD News - 29/2015

New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Women admit drinking while pregnant
Despite this, a study published by respected British site BMJ Open last week found up to 80 per cent of New Zealand women have admitted drinking at some stage of their pregnancy.
South Washington County Bulletin (USA) - Cottage Grove teen lobbies for those with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Recent high school graduate Gary Riege is a science and math whiz. He’s also a Star Wars fanatic, avid computer science techie and Advanced Placement student.
AllAfrica.com (South Africa) - Northern Cape Ravaged By Substance Abuse
The Portfolio Committee has started its oversight visit to the Northern Cape with a meeting with the MEC for Social Development, Mr Mxolisi Sokatsha, who revealed the province is ravaged by foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
Irish Times (Ireland) - Alcohol and pregnancy
Your editorial (July 8th) highlighted the significant public health concerns posed by drinking during pregnancy, pointing out that more than 45 per cent of Irish women engaging in binge-drinking during the first trimester.
Bustle - Drinking During Pregnancy Can Now Be Detected In A Baby’s First Poop. (Seriously.)
As it turns out, there’s a whole lot more to baby poop than meets the eye. (Just hear me out for a second.) A recent study by Case Western Reserve University found that testing a baby’s first poop can reveal if their mother drank during her pregnancy — which is pretty huge.
The Inquisitr (USA) - Dr. Carl Bell Says Fetal Alcohol Syndrome ‘Biggest Public Health Problem For African-Americans Since Slavery’
Dr. Carl Bell, a retired professor of psychiatry and public health at the University of Illinois at Chicago, currently a staff psychiatrist at Jackson Park Hospital, calls Fetal Alcohol Syndrome the “biggest public health problem for African-Americans since slavery.” Dr. Bell has treated patients for over 40 years.
NEWS.com.au (Australia) - Why drinking alcohol while pregnant is like playing Russian roulette
DR GINNI Mansberg, a well-known Australian GP, has some sobering words for pregnant women who enjoy the occasional glass of wine.
Infinity House (UK) - FASD Is Completely Avoidable, So Why Are So Many Children Born With It?
“I thought it was good for him” stated Sam, mother to 11 year-year-old Stanley who suffers from FASD as a result of his mother drinking while pregnant.

VIDEOS and MATERIAL
Alcohol-Free Pregnancy - NOFAS Webinar: The Role of the Social Worker in Preventing, Identifying and Treating FASD
This webinar will examine the role of the social worker in the prevention, identification and treatment of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders.
INTERNATIONAL FASD AWARENESS DAY - SEPTEMBER 9, 2015
September 9 is celebrated annually as International FASD Awareness Day to promote education and awareness efforts on FASD. FASDs are completely preventable by abstaining from alcohol while pregnant. Despite myths, there is no scientific evidence available that sets a “safe” amount of alcohol that will not affect the developing fetus.
AttitudeLive - MiniDoc: Justice For FASD
Being an adolescent male can be hard. But add to that an invisible disability affecting how you learn, how you think and how you behave… it can soon become a nightmare.
Alcohol Healthwatch (New Zealand) - Ignore FASD at your peril
Christine Rogan – Health Promotion Advisor, Alcohol Healthwatch - comments on the implications of the Privy Council decision on Teina Pora’s appeal.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research - How can we improve diagnosis – and quality of life – for people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder?
For Dr. James Davie of the Children's Hospital Research Institute of Manitoba, each human cell is like a compact disc full of music that never changes, and the field of epigenetics is the CD player that decides which song gets played.

COMING UP
The 7th National Biennial Conference on Adolescents and Adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
Contribute your knowledge and research! The Call for Abstracts is open until September 11, 2015.
FASworld-Jahrestagung am 25./26. September 2015: FASD – eine Herausforderung
Alkoholkonsum in der Schwangerschaft ist die häufigste Ursache für nicht genetisch bedingte kindliche Fehlbildungen. In Deutschland werden jährlich ca. 4.000 bis 10.000 Kinder mit einer fetalen Alkoholspektrumstörung (FASD) geboren.

RESEARCH
PLoS One - Prenatal alcohol exposure and congenital heart defects: a meta-analysis
There are still inconsistent conclusions about the association of prenatal alcohol drinking with congenital heart defects (CHDs). We conducted this meta-analysis to investigate the association between prenatal alcohol exposure and the risk of overall CHDs and the CHDs subtypes.
American Journal of Physiology: Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology - Prenatal alcohol exposure alters methyl metabolism and programs serotonin transporter and glucocorticoid receptor expression in brain
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) programs the fetal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, resulting in HPA dysregulation and hyperresponsiveness to stressors in adulthood. Molecular mechanisms mediating these alterations are not fully understood.
Epigenomics - Associative DNA methylation changes in children with prenatal alcohol exposure
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can cause fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). Previously, we assessed PAE in brain tissue from mouse models, however whether these changes are present in humans remains unknown.
Neurotoxicology and Teratology - Low and moderate prenatal ethanol exposure of mice during gastrulation or neurulation delays neurobehavioral development
Importantly, we showed that brief exposure to low dose ethanol, if administered during vulnerable periods of neuroanatomical development, results in significant neurobehavioral delays in neonatal mice. We thus expand concerns about alcohol consumption during the 3rd and 4th weeks of human pregnancy to include occasional light to moderate drinking.
Maternal and Child Health Journal - Dose and timing of prenatal alcohol exposure and maternal nutritional supplements: developmental effects on 6-month-old infants
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are more common in disadvantaged populations. Environmental factors, like suboptimal nutrition, may potentiate the developmental effects of prenatal alcohol exposure.
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - Prenatal ethanol exposure-induced adrenal developmental abnormality of male offspring rats and its possible intrauterine programming mechanisms
Fetal adrenal developmental status is the major determinant of fetal tissue maturation and offspring growth. We have previously proposed that prenatal ethanol exposure (PEE) suppresses fetal adrenal corticosterone (CORT) synthesis.
Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research - A review of the history of attitudes toward drinking in pregnancy
It is now well accepted in pediatrics and obstetrics that prenatal alcohol is a teratogenic agent and the primary causative factor underlying fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), although for the majority of the 20th century that knowledge was either unknown or ignored.
Alcohol Research: Current Reviews - Advances in diagnosis and treatment of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: from animal models to human studies
Prenatal alcohol exposure can cause a number of physical, behavioral, cognitive, and neural impairments, collectively known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). This article examines basic research that has been or could be translated into practical applications for the diagnosis or treatment of FASD.
Alcohol Research: Current Reviews - Utilization of magnetic resonance imaging in research involving animal models of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
It is well recognized that fetal alcohol exposure can profoundly damage the developing brain. The term fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) describes the range of deficits that result from prenatal alcohol exposure.
Journal of Applied Toxicology - Angiogenesis is repressed by ethanol exposure during chick embryonic development
It is now known that excess alcohol consumption during pregnancy can cause fetal alcohol syndrome to develop. However, it is not known whether excess ethanol exposure could directly affect angiogenesis in the embryo or angiogenesis being indirectly affected because of ethanol-induced fetal alcohol syndrome.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Gesundheitsstadt Berlin (Germany) - Übergewicht in der Schwangerschaft hat ernste Folgen für das Kind
Übergewicht gefährdet nicht nur werdende Mütter, sondern vor allem das Kind. Der Geburtsmediziner und Vorstandsvorsitzende der Stiftung für das behinderte Kind Prof. Dr. Joachim Dudenhausen erläutert im Gespräch, welche gesundheitlichen Schäden drohen.
AgoraVox Italia (Italy) - Tutto quell’alcol in gravidanza
Bere in gravidanza è un fenomeno molto diffuso, ma sempre più studi confermano i rischi anche sulle quantità di alcol moderate. Perché il messaggio non arriva alle mamme?

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