Sunday, July 10, 2011

FASD News - 27/2011

The Independent - Alcohol damages DNA of unborn children beyond repair, says study
Scientist have identified the precise molecular mechanism leading to the breakdown of the body's natural defences that protect DNA against harm from excessive alcohol.
Journal Times (USA) - A look at the law: Fetal alcohol syndrome brochure handed out with marriage license
State law requires that when people apply for a marriage license in Wisconsin or apply to become a part of the state's domestic partnership registry, county officials must hand out a pamphlet on fetal alcohol syndrome.
Canada Views (Canada) - GOVERNMENT FUNDS FASD AWARENESS AND PREVENTION
Agencies that promote awareness and prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in the province are receiving $165,000 in funding from the Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority (SLGA).
Hattiesburg American (USA) - Officials: Alcohol a danger for fetus
State mental health officials are reinvigorating the "None for Nine" campaign, which focuses on educating women to abstain from alcohol during pregnancy.
CBC.ca - More than light alcohol consumption in pregnancy has risk
Heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy increases the risk of low birth weight, preterm birth and other complications, a new study confirms. The more heavily a pregnant woman drank each day, the higher the risk of those complications, according to the report, which was published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, that reviewed 36 previous studies.
TopNews United States - Avoid Alcohol During Pregnancy, Claims CAMH
A new study done by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), confirms the fact that heavy alcohol consumption during pregnancy adds to the danger of many complications including the low birth weight preterm birth.
SAObserver (USA) - Educational film features Bastion
Six Grade 4 students from the school’s French immersion program were filmed in French and English last Friday for a Ministry of Education Provincial Outreach Program for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (POPFASD).

ACTION
Motorcycle Cruiser Magazine (USA) - F.A.S.T.Ride Motorcycle Event in Chicago's Western Suburbs to Fight Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) costs the state of Illinois nearly $400 million every year. The total cost of dealing with FASD disorders across the country comes to more than $6 billion.
Australia - Calling on the Federal Government to accept FASD as a Registered Disabiliy
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is currently not recognised as a disability by the Australian Government. As a result, individuals living with FASD are not provided with the same level of support and care that is available to those with more visible, familiar disabilities. This failure has human rights implications.

RESEARCH
Medscape - Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy and Risk of Placental Abruption and Placenta Previa
Mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancy were at elevated risk of experiencing placental abruption, but not placenta previa. Our findings underscore the need for screening and behavioral counseling interventions to combat alcohol use by pregnant women and women of childbearing age.
Nature.com - Fancd2 counteracts the toxic effects of naturally produced aldehydes in mice
Acetaldehyde-mediated DNA damage may critically contribute to the genesis of fetal alcohol syndrome in fetuses, as well as to abnormal development, haematopoietic failure and cancer predisposition in Fanconi anaemia patients.
7thSpace Interactive - Fetal alcohol exposure leads to abnormal olfactory bulb development and impaired odor discrimination in adult mice
Children whose mothers consumed alcohol during pregnancy exhibit widespread brain abnormalities and a complex array of behavioral disturbances. Here, we used a mouse model of fetal alcohol exposure to investigate relationships between brain abnormalities and specific behavioral alterations during adulthood.
American Physiological Society - Daily ethanol exposure during late ovine pregnancy: physiological effects in the mother and fetus in the apparent absence of overt fetal cerebral dysmorphology
We conclude that daily EtOH exposure during the third trimester-equivalent of ovine pregnancy has modest physiological effects on the fetus and no gross effects on fetal white matter development.
The FASEB Journal - Strain-specific vulnerability to alcohol exposure in utero via hippocampal parent-of-origin expression of deiodinase-III
Prenatal exposure to alcohol is thought to be the most prevalent nongenetic cause of a wide range of neurodevelopmental deficits. Insufficient thyroid hormone levels are one mechanism that hampers development of the alcohol-exposed brain, and we hypothesized that altered dosage of the imprinted thyroid hormone-inactivating gene deiodinase-III (Dio3) is responsible.

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