Thursday, September 29, 2016

Alcohol News - 39/2016

EurActiv (Ireland/EU) - Ireland’s alcohol bill pleases EU health chief, irritates industry
The Irish government won praise from the EU’s Health Commissioner over a new bill, which imposes a stricter framework on alcohol consumption in Ireland, including a minimum unit price, labelling and marketing restrictions.
Bdlive (South Africa) - Western Cape tackles alcohol menace
THE Western Cape government has approved an alcohol-related harms reduction policy green paper that goes beyond the largely sectoral approach that has been followed to date in terms of which policies of one department potentially contend with those from others.
Science Daily - Moderate alcohol use linked to heart chamber damage, atrial fibrillation in new study
Researchers have found that even moderate alcohol consumption may change the structure of the heart in ways that increase the risk of atrial fibrillation.
The Canberra Times (Australia) - ACT politicians urged to ban alcohol advertising at Canberra sports grounds to protect children
Health advocates have called on ACT politicians to ban alcohol advertising at Canberra's sporting grounds and expand the Territory's Liquor Board to include parents.
News-Medical.net - ED consumption with or without alcohol contributes to risk for drunk driving
Highly caffeinated energy drinks (EDs) have been of concern to the public-health community for almost a decade. Many young people consume EDs with alcohol to decrease alcohol's sedative effects and stay awake longer, enabling them to drink more alcohol.
Holyrood.com (Scotland) - Alcohol harm - From the front line of health challenges 1
Much progress has been made in tackling Scotland’s biggest killers: heart and lung disease and cancer. Meanwhile, other leading causes of mortality have been more stubborn to shift.
Medical Daily - Will Foods With Hidden Alcohol Make You Drunk? Booze-Infused Ice Cream Regulated In Massachusetts
Despite the old myth that the alcohol added to food is burned off in the cooking process, research from the United States Department of Agriculture has found that many prepared foods do still contain some booze.
News-Medical.net (USA) - Study finds alcohol-involvement in significant proportion of homicide victims in the U.S.
While the association between alcohol and homicide may seem obvious, there has been no recent study of alcohol involvement in homicide victimization in U.S. states. This study drills down into the subject, looking at how often alcohol was involved in homicide victimization, and what socio-demographic and other factors may be predictors.
The West Australian (Australia) - Pregnancy no-alcohol advice gets lost on medics
A review of a project aimed at educating health professionals about the risks of alcohol in pregnancy found that some suggested to women that “an occasional glass of wine is fine” on special occasions or celebrations.
BBC News (Wales) - Alcohol drinkers in Wales 'cause harm to 60% of people'
More than half of adults in Wales have been harmed by other people's drinking, a survey has suggested.
Medical News Today - Long-term alcohol dependence affects cognitive abilities
Alcohol abuse is no small matter. In America in 2014, according to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, there were estimated to be 16.3 million adults with an alcohol use disorder.
VnExpress International (Vietnam) - Vietnam's health ministry wants to ban late-night sales of alcohol
Health officials fret as the country is one of the biggest consumers of beer and liquor. The Ministry of Health is considering a ban on sales of liquor and beer after either 10:00 p.m. or midnight as officials aim to reduce negative impacts of drinking.
ABC Online - Plane rage: Airlines report 17 per cent rise in unruly passengers with alcohol and drugs a prime cause
Reports of unruly passengers disrupting airline flights soared almost 17 per cent around the world last year, with incidents like verbally abusing or refusing to obey cabin crew occurring on one out of every 1,205 flights.

Sunday, September 25, 2016

FASD News - 38/2016

Pueblo Chieftain - Pueblo clinic dispensers offer pregnancy, date rape tests
An innovative approach to reducing the incidence of fetal alcohol syndrome and sexual violence has been introduced by A Caring Pregnancy Center Women’s Clinic.
Wayne Independent - Spreading awareness of FASD
On Friday, Sept. 9 at 9 a.m. church bells will ring nine times to recognize Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder Day. The Wayne County Drug and Alcohol Commission is among the organizations working to raise awareness of the dangers of drinking alcohol while pregnant.
News24 (South Africa) - Drinking during pregnacy not on
Most youngsters people, in Khayelitsha in particular, drink alcohol while pregnant, which stunts the progress of their infants during pregnancyand once they are born.
Tbnewswatch.com (Canada) - Thunder Bay leads way for FASD awareness
There are an estimated 2,000 individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Northwestern Ontario according to NorWest Community Health Centres.
Oxford Mail (UK) - Expectant mothers in Oxfordshire warned about dangers of drinking in new FASD Trust campaign
AN EAST Oxford charity has taken a lead in warning women to be wary of the dangers of alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Shoreline Beacon (Canada) - Health Unit launches new Fetal Alcohol resources
A new resource with key information about Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) and local links to support for people affected by FASD was launched Sept. 9.
Ubyssey Online - Study: How genetics markers could help kids with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
It’s the leading known cause of preventable developmental disability in Canada and affects between two to five per cent of North American children.
CBC.ca - 'Give them a chance': A son's struggle with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder
The father of a man who went missing in Dettah, N.W.T., last month is sharing the story of his son's turbulent past in hopes of reminding people that everyone deserves a second chance.
IOL (South Africa) - FAS fails to dampen Tisha’s spirits
For the first 10 weeks of her life Tisha Lourens lay in an incubator at Mowbray Maternity Hospital with no mother to love, cuddle or feed her much-needed breast milk.
Inside Halton (Canada) - Halton FASD intervention team hopes to beat the odds for those living with the irreversible disorder
A brain that has difficulty making sound decisions from cradle to grave faces a litany of labels in life; from being the bad kid in school to the one standing before a criminal court judge in their adolescence and adulthood.
Regina Leader-Post - 'If you really try hard, you can do whatever you want!': Regina woman excels while dealing with FASD
In January, the Regina woman plans to enrol in a two-year youth care diploma course at Saskatchewan Polytechnic. She’s considering putting those credits toward a four-year social work degree — which could be her next career step.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Global News - Sitting Down With An FASD Expert
Focus Saskatchewan host, Blake Lough, sits down with University of Toronto professor and leading FASD researcher, Dr. Alan Bocking, for a conversation on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

RESEARCH
Research in Developmental Disabilities - The association between parental attributions of misbehavior and parenting practices in caregivers raising children with prenatal alcohol exposure: A mixed-methods study
Limited research has focused on parenting practices used by caregivers raising children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD). The current study hypothesized that parental attributions of children’s misbehavior would relate to the parenting strategies caregivers utilize with children with FASD.
BMJ - Manitoba mothers and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders study (MBMomsFASD): protocol for a population-based cohort study using linked administrative data
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a significant public health concern. To prevent FASD, factors that place women at risk for giving birth to children with FASD must be investigated; however, there are little data in this area.
Australian Occupational Therapy - Graphomotor skills in children with prenatal alcohol exposure and fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: A population-based study in remote Australia
Few studies have examined graphomotor skills in children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) or fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD).
INDIANA UNIVERSITY-PURDUE UNIVERSITY INDIANAPOLIS - Characterization of Ethanol-induced Effects on Zebrafish Retinal Development: Mechanistic Perspective and Therapeutic Strategies
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a result of prenatal alcohol exposure, producing a wide range of defects including craniofacial, sensory, motor and cognitive deficits.
International Journal of Developmental Disabilities - Challenging sleep-wake behaviors reported in informal, conversational interviews of caregivers of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
Sleep complaints are clinically expected in children exposed to alcohol during pregnancy. We aim to reveal patterns of association among sleep–wake behaviors that are challenging in the life of children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
University of Nevada - The Concordance of Caregiver-~Teacher Perspectives on the Behavior of Children with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Diagnosing a child with a Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a complex process that can require the collaboration of many individuals. Gathering information from multiple informants has been essential for diagnosis (CDC, 2012).
SAN DIEGO STATE UNIVERSITY - Neural correlates of verbal memory in youth with histories of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure
Penatal alcohol exposure can have devastating effects, including impaired verbal learning and recall and altered brain development. The relationships between verbal recall and critical brain structures differ between individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and controls.
European Journal of Medical Genetics - Prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders among the general and aboriginal populations in Canada and the United States
This study aimed to estimate the pooled prevalence of i) alcohol use (any amount) and binge drinking (4 or more standard drinks on a single occasion) during pregnancy, and ii) Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) and FASD among the general and Aboriginal populations in Canada and the United States, based on the available literature.
European Journal of Medical Genetics - Neurodevelopmental disorder associated with prenatal exposure to alcohol (ND-PAE): A proposed diagnostic method of capturing the neurocognitive phenotype of FASD
Neurobehavioral Disorder associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE) was proposed as a diagnostic formulation intended to capture the range of mental health problems occurring in alcohol-affected individuals with a history of prenatal alcohol exposure.
European Journal of Medical Genetics - Seizures and electroencephalography findings in 61 patients with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) cause neurodevelopmental abnormalities. However, publications about epilepsy and electroencephalographic features are scarce.
Human Brain Mapping - Diffusion tensor imaging of white matter and correlates to eye movement control and psychometric testing in children with prenatal alcohol exposure
Prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) can cause central nervous system dysfunction and widespread structural anomalies as detected by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
European Journal of Medical Genetics - Correlation between morphological MRI findings and specific diagnostic categories in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) include physical and neurodevelopmental abnormalities related to prenatal alcohol exposure. Some neuroimaging findings have been clearly related to FASD, including corpus callosum and cerebellar anomalies.
Neonatal Network - Adding to Our Practice Toolkit: Using the ACTS Script to Address Stigmatizing Peer Behaviors in the Context of Maternal Substance Use
Infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) are a growing population in the NICU setting, and nurses report that caring for families can be challenging.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
haloursynow.pl (Poland) - "Zapobiegajmy, leczmy, wspierajmy". Zajęcia dla dzieci dotkniętych syndromem FAS
Stowarzyszenie "Pozytywna Przestrzeń" rusza z programem mającym poprawić sytuację dzieci dotkniętych syndromem FAS. Alkoholowy Zespół Płodowy jest już zauważalnym problemem, także na Ursynowie.

Wednesday, September 21, 2016

Alcohol News - 38/2016

ESPAD - New ESPAD results: teenage drinking and smoking down, but concerns posed by new drugs and new addictive behaviours
Smoking and drinking among 15–16-year-old school students are showing signs of decline, but there are concerns over challenges posed by new drugs and new addictive behaviours.
Science Daily - Sleep habits, adolescent drug and alcohol use linked, shows research
A possible link between adolescent sleep habits and early substance abuse has been identified by researchers. The study found that both sleep duration and sleep quality during late childhood predict alcohol and cannabis use later in adolescence.
Scotsman (Scotland) - Wealthy Scots drinkers consuming hazardous levels of alcohol
The wealthiest Scots are drinking the most dangerous levels of alcohol, with 35 per cent of the richest households consuming hazardous amounts of drink compared to 18 per cent of the poorest households.
Plymouth Herald (UK) - Drink-drive alcohol limit should be lowered - say 77% of people in poll
Three quarters of people think that the amount of alcohol drivers are allowed to drink should be reduced, an official new poll has found.
Live Science - Alcohol's Toll on the Heart: Bigger, Not Better
Drinking alcohol, even in moderate amounts, may increase the size of the heart's left atrium, a new study finds.
AllAfrica.com - Uganda: Alcohol Bill Gets Nod From Health Ministry, Civil Society
Government has welcomed the proposed Alcohol Drinks Control Bill 2016, saying it will help reduce excessive alcohol consumption in the country.
Radio New Zealand (New Zealand) - Call to curb alcohol marketing, cost, availability
An alcohol watchdog hopes a survey that shows more than one in four teens aged between 15 and 17 often drink a risky amount of alcohol serves as a sharp wake-up call.
Huffington Post UK (UK) - The Growing Number Of Older People Being Treated For Alcohol Dependence Is All Over Us Like A Rash
Each year that goes by, it is always a pleasant surprise to find something new to back up what has become irrefutable evidence. In this case, it is that older people of the ‘Baby Boomer’ Generation continue with hedonistic lifestyles into their later years well beyond that seen with any previous generation.
Health24 - Bipolar kids more likely to abuse drugs and alcohol
A study showed that among young teens with bipolar disorder there was a much higher level of substance use than in the control group.
BBC News (Wales) - Doctors criticise alcohol minimum pricing block
Doctors have criticised a block on moves to stop alcohol being sold "cheaper than water" in Wales after MPs refused to devolve pricing powers.
Politicsweb (South Africa) - Our plan to reduce harm done by alcohol
The provincial government’s Alcohol-Related Harms Reduction Policy green paper has today been gazetted, and is now available for public comment.
BusinessTech (South Africa) - Drinking booze in Cape Town could get a lot harder – and more expensive
The Western Cape government (WCG) is proposing hard-line policies on alcohol use in the province – including higher prices, tighter trading hours, and a zero-tolerance approach to drinking among new drivers.
Otago Daily Times (New Zealand) - Cut liquor outlets, uni says
The University of Otago has compared its efforts to battle New Zealand's drinking culture to ''bailing out the Titanic with a thimble'' as it sets its sights on liquor outlets in the student quarter.
Smithsonian - People Feel More Tipsy if Their Friends Are Already Drunk
Throughout human history, alcohol has had an important place in many of the world’s cultures—oftentimes as a social lubricant. Now, a group of scientists have found that social settings might color a person’s individual experience when they’re out for a drink or two at the bar.
LocalGov - Binge drinking ‘social glue’ for students and young workers
Peer pressure and a ‘fear of missing out’ is driving binge drinking among students and young workers, study finds.
Norden - How does other peoples’ drinking affect you?
Young people, women, single persons and people living in urban areas are more likely to experience harm from others’ drinking in the Nordic countries. These are some of the findings made by the research network H20 Nordic that was established by the Nordic Centre for Welfare and Social Issues in 2013. In the new publication “The ripple effect of alcohol – Consequences beyond the drinker” we outline the key findings of the research network and provide perspectives on how drinking affects us as individuals and as a society.

Wednesday, September 14, 2016

Alcohol News - 37/2016

Dutch News (Netherlands) - Teenage drinking continues despite crackdown, new survey shows
Publicity campaigns and increasing the legal drinking age from 16 to 18 has had no impact on teenage drinking rates, according to new research addiction institute Trimbos.
MedicalXpress - More difficult to achieve controlled drinking than to give up alcohol entirely
People who are seeking treatment for alcohol dependence and whose goal is to quit drinking entirely are more likely to achieve this goal if they are treated by a care provider who advocates total abstinence.
swissinfo.ch (Switzerland) - More accurate alcohol breath testing introduced
A new and improved breathalyzer will do away with the need for blood tests in most drink-driving tests on Swiss roads. From October 1, the level of alcohol in practically all drivers can be determined by breath tests alone, according to the Federal Roads Office.
Science Daily - Strong alcohol policies can help prevent suicide
Suicide was the tenth leading cause of death in the United States in 2013. There is clear evidence that intoxication and chronic, heavy drinking are often associated with suicide. While alcohol policies are known to be effective in reducing excessive drinking, this review undertakes a critical look at the literature on the relationship between alcohol policies and suicide.
Scoop.co.nz (New Zealand) - Government ignores alcohol's contribution to family violence
The National-led government once again is ignoring the need for alcohol reform to combat family violence in New Zealand.
Irish Times (Ireland) - Women and alcohol: A shot of reality needed
In the last days of August the Rutland Centre, one of our foremost residential alcohol treatment centres, published its annual report. One of the headline features was the rise in women presenting for treatment for alcohol dependence.
Talon Marks - Alcohol drinkers vulnerable to dangerous bystander effect
Whether it is one cup of vodka on the rocks or three Jack and Cokes, it is well known that college students drink. They either drink themselves into oblivion on a Friday night, or have the occasional glass of wine at a restaurant.
Medical News Today - 'We can completely reverse alcohol dependence'
Scientists have discovered a way to entirely remove the urge to drink alcohol compulsively in an animal model. The researchers hope that, with enough funding, a solution to this age-old problem might be on the horizon.
The Advertiser (Australia) - SA Alcohol and Other Drug Strategy Progress Report finds sharp fall in students’ alcohol consumption and drug use
THE number of South Australian school students who admit drinking alcohol in the previous week has plummeted by almost a third, and illicit drug use among children has also declined significantly, a State Government snapshot has found.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Universities face increasing pressure to address campus sexual assault
University of British Columbia students got an extra jolt along with their caffeine fixes when they returned to campus last week.
Varsity (Canada) - Alcohol: a public health crisis
It’s Friday night and you’re sitting out on the patio with friends at a Toronto pub. The string of overhead lights swings gently in the warm evening breeze. You shift forward in your seat as the server sets down a frosty glass on the cardboard coaster resting on the table. Reaching forward, you grab the glass and bring it to your lips, savouring the cool taste of your drink.
ABC News - Interactive Video and Resources for Alcohol Addiction, Recovery and Support
Watch this interactive conversation between ABC News' Elizabeth Vargas and Dr. Deidra Roach with the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
africanews (Uganda) - Ugandan MPs push for law to restrict alcohol sale to between 5pm and 1am
Some Members of Parliament and Civil Society Organisations are pushing for an alcohol law that will restrict the sale of alcohol to between 5pm and 1am.
TheHealthSite - TV ads influence the amount of alcohol children consume
Children are more likely to consume alcohol as they watch more advertisements of a particular brand, a study has revealed.
VnExpress International (Vietnam) - Nearly half of Vietnamese men drink alcohol at 'hazardous level'
With 77 percent of men and 11 percent of women admitting to drinking alcohol within 30 days prior to being surveyed, Vietnam is increasingly concerned about related health problems as well as traffic safety.
Starr 103.5 FM (Ghana) - Drinking during pregnancy and fetal alcohol syndrome in Ghana
Doreen, 17 years, sits quietly, tiny beads of sweat quivering near her hairline. It’s hot in the doctor’s office - she has come to Korle Bu Teaching Hospital in Accra to speak with Dr. Ebenezer Badoe, a Pediatric Neurologist at the hospital’s Child Health Department.

Sunday, September 11, 2016

FASD News - 36/2016

NEWS and ARTICLES
The Sentinel - What's the Buzz?: Back to school with fetal alcohol syndrome disorders
In 1999, due to a lack of public awareness and available resources, frustrated family members and parents organized a movement to bring awareness to FASD. The ninth minute of the ninth hour of the ninth day of the ninth month of 1999 was chosen as the first official FASD Awareness Day to remind the world that alcohol should not be consumed during the nine months of pregnancy.
University of Rochester Newsroom - Q&A: Understanding Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Christie Petrenko, a research psychologist at the University of Rochester’s Mt. Hope Family Center and an assistant professor at the Medical Center, has been involved in research and clinical interventions with children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and their families for over 10 years.
The Globe and Mail - UBC-led study makes key fetal alcohol spectrum disorder discovery
Canadian researchers are one step closer to uncovering a biomarker associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder after identifying distinct patterns associated with the DNA of children who were exposed to alcohol in the womb.
ReliaWire (UK) - Pregnant Women May Be Drinking More Than We Thought
Quantities of alcohol consumed by pregnant women around the time of conception may be significantly higher than previously estimated, according to a new study from the University of Dundee.
KTVA.com (USA) - Alaska schools leading the way for FASD awareness in the classroom
Sept. 9 is day set aside around the world to remind women about a problem that is 100 percent preventable and affects thousands of children a year – Fatal Alaska Syndrome Disorder, or FASD.
Regina Leader-Post (Canada) - Canada FASD Research Network sparks discussion to address significant issues
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder is a complex diagnosis, and society isn’t always built to meet the needs of those who suffer from it. The Canada FASD Research Network kicked off the Learning Together research setting event on Monday at the University of Regina.
Herald Sun (Australia) - Unprotected drunken sex brings risk of brain-damaged babies, doctors warn
BOOZING party girls should be using contraception to avoid the risk of having brain-damaged babies, doctors have warned.
Independent Online (South Africa) - SA’s FAS statistics among highest in the world
With South Africa’s incidence of the syndrome being among the highest in the world, an interministerial task team, chaired by Social Development Minister Bathabile Dlamini, has been set up to reduce alcohol-related harm from the disorder.
ChronicleLive (UK) - 'If you're pregnant, it's so important to give up drink' - adoptive mother's plea to mums-to-be
Newcastle mum Libby knows the challenges of foetal alcohol spectrum disorder - and is warning mums-to-be of the consequences of drinking in pregnancy.
Community Care (UK) - ‘Don’t rule out foetal alcohol spectrum disorder in young children – it might be expressed later’
Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a lifelong, largely invisible disability. It’s caused by prenatal alcohol exposure and is a well-known preventable cause of intellectual and behavioural disorders.
nordan.org - The emerging problem of fetal alcohol
Alcohol related harm is 100% unnecessary and avoidable harm. As such there is no justification for neglecting all possible measures to avoid it. Failing to do so, for both individuals and governments, would be unethical and simply wrong.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
WHO Europe - Prevention of harm caused by alcohol exposure in pregnancy. Rapid review and case studies from Member States (2016)
The lifelong disabilities caused by exposure to alcohol in pregnancy (known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders), along with other negative effects of exposure to alcohol on the pregnancy, are an important public health concern.
AAP Gateway - FYI: Vaccine storage, FASD toolkit, and more
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) have lifelong implications, including physical, mental, behavioral and/or learning disabilities. Familiarize yourself with the signs of FASD on Sept. 9, FASD Day.
Global News.ca - Lethbridge takes new approach to raising awareness to FASD
South Alberta FASD Network is dropping off coasters and posters to bars, to encourage women and potential partners to learn about the risks of drinking during pregnancy.
FASDFOREVER - FASD Day 2016 Pregnant Pause
Illuminate Colorado - #PassItOn FASD Awareness Month
Port Elizabeth (South Africa) - World Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Day
Kobus Botha, DA MPL in the Bhisho Legislature speaks on World Foetal Alcohol Syndrome Day.
BLAU IM BAUCH? a short prevention film with english subtitles
FAS Portalen (in Swedish)
Read more

RESEARCH
Journal of Advanced Nursing - Peri-conceptual and mid-pregnancy drinking: A cross-sectional assessment in two Scottish health board areas using a 7-day Retrospective Diary
Significant peri-conceptual consumption levels suggest a substantial proportion of alcohol-exposed pregnancies before pregnancy recognition. Not taking a detailed alcohol history, including patterns of consumption, will result in under-detection of alcohol-exposed pregnancies.
Midwifery - Sympathy, shame, and few solutions: News media portrayals of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Practitioners should be aware that conflicting messages about alcohol consumption during pregnancy might lead to shame and confusion, and should encourage openness with mothers to challenge stigma. Guidelines for media reporting should discourage stigmatising frames, and media articles should also consider the role that government, non-government organisations, and the alcohol industry could play for improving FASD shame.
Oxford Handbooks Online - Burden and Social Cost of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
Damage to the central nervous system is a unifying concept for nearly all of the diagnoses that fall under the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) umbrella.
Developmental Neurobiology - Impact of exercise and a complex environment on hippocampal dendritic morphology, Bdnf gene expression, and DNA methylation in male rat pups neonatally exposed to alcohol
Alcohol exposure in utero can result in Fetal Alcohol Spectrums Disorders (FASD). Measures of hippocampal neuroplasticity, including long-term potentiation, synaptic and dendritic organization, and adult neurogenesis, are consistently disrupted in rodent models of FASD.
Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology - The Effects of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure on Episodic Memory Functioning: A Systematic Review
In general, studies show that PAE results in impaired verbal and visual-spatial episodic memory performance in affected individuals and these impairments are unlikely to be secondary to a global impairment.
Pediatrics - Objective Measures of Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: A Systematic Review
Current evidence is insufficient to support the use of objective measures of prenatal alcohol exposure in practice. Biomarkers in meconium and placenta tissue may be the most promising candidates for further large-scale population-based research.
Alcoholism - Moderate Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Alters Functional Connectivity in the Adult Rat Brain
Past studies of moderate prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) have focused on specific brain regions, neurotransmitter systems, and behaviors. However, the effects of PAE on brain function and behavior are complex and not limited to discrete brain regions.
BMJ - Alcohol consumption and fecundability: prospective Danish cohort study
Consumption of less than 14 servings of alcohol per week seemed to have no discernible effect on fertility. No appreciable difference in fecundability was observed by level of consumption of beer and wine.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Dependientes (Spain) - Beber sin haber nacido
María (nombre ficticio para preservar su identidad) es madre soltera de una niña adolescente que fue adoptada de Ucrania cuando no llegaba a los tres años. Cuenta que su pequeña no fue diagnosticada de Síndrome Alcohólico Fetal (SAF) hasta pasada la primaria.
wm.pl (Poland) - Chroń dziecko przed FAS. Nie pij alkoholu w ciąży!
Picie alkoholu w ciąży może prowadzić do poważnych powikłań u dziecka. Jednym z nich jest płodowy zespół alkoholowy, czyli FAS. 9 września obchodzimy Światowy Dzień FAS, który ma na celu uświadomienie przyszłym matkom skutków picia alkoholu w ciąży.
Keskisuomalainen (Finland) - Aiotko käydä perjantaina Alkossa? Tämän takia ovet aukeavat 9 minuuttia myöhässä
Alkon myymälät aukeavat tulevana perjantaina 9.9. vasta kello 9.09. Syynä on osallistuminen kansainväliseen FASD-päivään.
Postimees (Estonia) - Raseda alkoholitarbimine mõjutab loodet alati
Tänasel alkoholi põhjustatud sünnikahjustuste (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders – FASD) teadlikustamise päeval juhib Eesti karskusliit tähelepanu, et ema tarbitud alkohol kahjustab alati ka loodet.
Augsburger Allgemeine (Germany) - Wie Alkohol in der Schwangerschaft ein Kind ein Leben lang zeichnet
Alkohol während der Schwangerschaft kann ein Kind ein Leben lang schädigen. Die Krankheit, unter der die Kinder leiden, nennt sich "FASD". Hier eine Übersicht.
Svenska YLE (Sweden/Finland) - Mammorna drack under graviditeten - nu kämpar Helmis och Mikko i vardagen
De som tagit skada av att deras mammor druckit alkohol under graviditeten får alldeles för lite hjälp och stöd. De kan ha det svårt med vardagliga saker som att hantera pengar och boende, säger två som drabbats, Helmis och Mikko. Årligen föds det mellan 600 och 3 000 barn med olika sorters alkoholrelaterade fosterskador.
Vyšetrenie.sk (Slovakia) - Alkohol v tehotenstve: Málokto vie, aké šokujúce zmeny môže spôsobiť u detí!
Poznáte riziká pitia alkoholu počas tehotenstva? Medzinárodný deň povedomia o fetálnom alkoholovom syndróme (FAS), ktorý pripadá na dnes, upozorňuje na dôsledky konzumácie alkoholických drinkov, keď je žena v radostnom očakávaní. Aj pivo môže ublížiť!
DR (Denmark) - Derfor skal du ikke drikke under graviditeten: Fosteret får samme promille som moderen
Alkohol og graviditet er to ting, der ikke hænger sammen. Det bliver der sat fokus på i dag, fordi det er international Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)-dag.

Wednesday, September 7, 2016

Alcohol News - 36/2016

WebMD - Alcohol Plus Heart Rhythm Disorder Ups Stroke Risk
Excessive alcohol consumption and age may increase risk of stroke in people with a common heart rhythm disorder called atrial fibrillation, a new study finds.
First Post - YouTube videos glamorise alcohol, encourage binge drink in teens: study
YouTube music videos that involve alcohol often glamorise drinking, objectify women and use sexual imagery or lyrics - encouraging teens to binge drink and abuse alcohol, a new UK study has found.
Medical Daily - Underage Drinking Influenced By Exposure To Brand-Specific Alcohol Ads, Study Finds
A study found that children who are more exposed to brand-specific alcohol commercials on television tend to consume more of those brands. The research also adds evidence to the link between alcohol commercials and underage drinking.
Huffington Post Canada - Scientists Make Key Discovery In Fetal Alcohol Disorders
Canadian researchers are one step closer to uncovering a biomarker associated with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder after identifying distinct patterns associated with the DNA of children who were exposed to alcohol in the womb.
WBAA - Researchers Suggests Mere Taste Of Alcohol Can Fuel Addiction
A recent study finds the taste of alcohol is closely linked to addiction markers in the brain.
Telegraph.co.uk - Drinking a large glass of wine each night damages fertility, study shows
Women who drink a large glass of wine each night are harming their chances of having a baby, a new study suggests.
Science Daily - Women at higher risk for alcoholic liver disease than men
Heavy drinking frequently causes liver inflammation and injury, and fatty acids (FAs) involved in pro- and anti-inflammatory responses could play a critical role in these processes. This study evaluated heavy drinking and changes in levels of omega-6 and omega-3 FAs in alcohol dependent (AD) patients who showed no clinical signs of liver injury.
Baltic Times (Lithuania) - Lithuanian stores begin demanding ID from all alcohol buyers
To buy alcoholic beverages at Lithuania's largest retail chain stores, all buyers will have to provide identification documents specifying their age as of Friday.
EuroHealthNet (EU) - EU POLICY MAKERS STEP UP DISCUSSIONS TO TACKLE ALCOHOL RELATED HARM
Today, European policymakers will discuss the importance, relevance and implementation of policy and action to reduce alcohol related harm across Europe.
WHO Europe - WHO Europe launches new action plan for noncommunicable diseases, appeals for urgent joint policy action to achieve global goals and targets
The WHO European Region has made progress in key areas of noncommunicable disease (NCD) control: death rates from cardiovascular disease (CVD) continue to decline, the clear downward trend in smoking continues, and alcohol intake is steadily decreasing.
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand) - Why so many women drink to oblivion
At first glance, she is the sort of daughter every parent would dream of. An accomplished musician, with a degree in contemporary arts, Emily Carter-Lucas is naturally bright.
Science Daily - Drinking to belong: Students and low self-esteem
It’s that time of year again, when students old and new are heading to university. Certain behaviors might be expected in the coming months, drinking in particular. Drinking is widespread among student populations, whether for social enrichment or the need to conform.