Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Alcohol News - 4/2016

Belfast Telegraph (Northern Ireland) - Northern Ireland's over 50s less likely to heed advice over alcohol
Northern Ireland has the highest number of adults over 50 in the UK who do not know what the healthy recommended drink limits are, a new survey has revealed.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - Thousands of children treated for drug and alcohol abuse
Every year thousands of teenagers and adolescents are treated for drug or alcohol addiction. Ben Heather asks why a handful of our children are learning to get wasted so young, sometimes before they learn to read.
wtvr.com (USA) - Agency recommends lowering blood-alcohol limit to reduce traffic deaths
After the release of a recent study, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration recommended the legal limit on blood-alcohol concentration (or content) be lowered, to cut down on motor vehicle deaths.
New York Times - When Alcohol Intrudes in the Workplace
I work at a nonprofit with fewer than 10 employees, where we all need to pull our weight. Recently, there have been several instances of a particular colleague getting so drunk on weeknights that he can’t make it to work until the following afternoon, if at all. I know that he is hung over, not sick, because he has admitted it in emails canceling meetings with me.
Daily Mail - How BEER damages the brains of teenagers: Alcohol 'impairs spatial awareness and memory'
Teenagers have long been warned to stay away from alcohol. They’ve been told of alcohol’s increased risk of cancer – and its ability to impair driving. But now, a new study revealed alcohol also affects spatial awareness and memory in teenagers.
The Guardian (UK) - Problem drinkers account for most of alcohol industry's sales, figures reveal
The alcohol industry makes most of its money – an estimated £23.7bn in sales in England alone – from people whose drinking is destroying or risking their health, say experts who accuse the industry of irresponsible pricing and marketing.
Vox (EU/USA) - Europe has lower drinking ages than the US — and worse teen drinking problems
One of the most common arguments against America's legal drinking age is that Europe has a supposedly safer drinking culture despite its lower drinking ages. After I wrote an argument for keeping the US drinking age at 21, it's a question that readers raised in emails again and again: If a lower drinking age is so bad, why is Europe doing fine?
Irish Times (Ireland) - Ministers lobbied 40 times in three months on alcohol issues
Government Ministers and their officials were lobbied on alcohol-related issues more than 40 times in a three-month period, an analysis of the new register of lobbying shows.
Sunderland Echo (UK) - Lowering of drink drive alcohol limit backed by police boss as change heads for Parliament
This Friday the House of Lords will debate reduce the limit as part of the Road Traffic Act. Northumbria’s Police and Crime Commissioner Mrs Baird is urging peers to support the bill.
The Guardian (UK) - The impact of alcohol on the NHS: 'we get the drunks in 24/7'
Healthcare professionals share their experiences of funding constraints, violent behaviour and drink-related disease and death.
Medical Daily - Bullying Linked To Increased Risk Of Cigarette and Alcohol Use Among Gay and Bisexual Youth
While many children are bullied, previous studies have suggested that children who identify as lesbian, gay, or bisexual are bullied more than their peers. A new study published in the American Journal of Public Health suggests that this bullying has a significant impact on sexual-minority youth development.

Sunday, January 24, 2016

FASD News - 3/2016

inquisitr.com - As Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Story Trends, Public Warned Of Spectrum Disorders From Even Light Maternal Drinking
Wednesday, fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) was trending on Facebook after a profound article was featured by the Washington Post that told the tragic story of a woman named Kathy Mitchell, who caused her own daughter’s disability. Kathy later learned her daughter, Karli, suffered from fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), which was caused by her own alcohol consumption while she was pregnant.
UNM Newsroom - May leads research on preventing fetal alcohol syndrome
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) in the United States has long been estimated at no more than three children per 1,000. A new study published in the journal of Drug and Alcohol Dependence reports that the prevalence of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is between 3 and 8 per 1,000 and when combined with partial FAS (PFAS) the prevalence of both actually ranges between 11 to 25 children per 1,000.
chicagotribune.com - Mother warns of consequences of drinking alcohol while pregnant
Kathy Mitchell wants to share something with you. She's not proud of it, and it's not a behavior she hopes you'll emulate. It's just the truth: As a teen, Kathy drank alcohol while pregnant with her daughter, Karli. It was a perilous if unwitting mistake that has defined both of their lives.
The News Journal - Newborn addictions rise, triggering new hospital rules
Following an increase in babies born with drug or alcohol dependencies in Delaware, statewide hospital discharge forms for "high-risk" cases will be amended to ensure that the baby will go home to the safest environment and mom will have the necessary support system in place.

UPCOMING
The 7th National Biennial Conference on Adolescents and Adults with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
This interactive 2016 conference will provide an opportunity to be at the forefront of addressing these issues. We will leverage the experience of the diverse group of professionals, researchers, students, families and individuals with FASD who attend to stimulate the discussion of research, evidence for practice, models, and ideas to expand our knowledge of how we can sustain and enhance the lives of those with FASD.

VIDEOS and MATERIALS
Canadian Association of Paediatric Health Centres - Understanding Stigma to Improve the Lives of Families Affected by FASD
In recent years, legal and social challenges in different parts of the world have exposed some of the stigmatized reactions towards women who drink during pregnancy and their children who may suffer from FASD.

RESEARCH
Front Integr Neurosci - Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: An Overview from the Glia Perspective.
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can produce a variety of central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities in the offspring resulting in a broad spectrum of cognitive and behavioral impairments that constitute the most severe and long-lasting effects observed in fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD).
Developmental Biology - The chick embryo as a model for the effects of Prenatal exposure to alcohol on craniofacial development.
Prenatal exposure to ethanol results in fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), a syndrome characterised by a broad range of clinical manifestations including craniofacial dysmorphologies and neurological defects.
Behavioural Brain Research - Using Swiss Webster mice to model Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) collectively describes the constellation of effects resulting from human alcohol consumption during pregnancy.
Child's Nervous System - The investigation of the prenatal and postnatal alcohol exposure-induced neurodegeneration in rat brain: protection by betaine and/or omega-3
We aim to study the effect of neurodegeneration on the brain of rat pups caused by prenatal and postnatal ethanol exposure with modified liquid diet to elucidate protective effects of betaine and omega-3 supplementation. When ethanol is consumed during prenatal and postnatal periods, it may result in fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) in the offspring.
Trends in Cognitive Sciences - Drinking During Pregnancy and the Developing Brain: Is Any Amount Safe?
Heavy prenatal alcohol exposure can have lifelong, disabling effects on brain and cognition. Unlike animal studies, research on light-to-moderate drinking in humans demonstrates less consistent impact.
ehps.net - Improving health promotion related to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), the need for a framework
Alcohol use during pregnancy is one of the leading preventable causes of intellectual or developmental disability. This situation clearly warrants intervention. The complexity of intervention development concerning FASD is overlooked in health promotion. Evidence-based health promotion intervention aimed at the field of FASD is a complex process.
SMGroup - Role of Fetal Alcohol Exposure on Molecular and Epigenetic Mechanisms of Autism
It is well established that during prenatal and early postnatal period brain development is very susceptible to injury caused by environmental factors. Although a number of definitions and improvements have been made in Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD), the etiological aspects remain unclear.

IN OTHER LANGUAGES
Berliner Woche (Germany) - Spende für FASD-Kinder: Traditioneller Tannenverkauf brachte 750 Euro
Spandau. Mit einer Spende ist jetzt das Kinderheim Sonnenhof bedacht worden. Das Geld kam beim Weihnachtsbaumverkauf zusammen.
Het Laatste Nieuws (Netherlands) - Moeder dronk tijdens zwangerschap: dit is haar dochter
Op haar achttiende beviel de Amerikaanse Kathy Mitchell van haar dochter Karli, maar haar alcoholgebruik tijdens de zwangerschap had grote gevolgen voor haar leven en vooral dat van haar dochter.
Iltalehti (Finland) - Alkoholistiäidin ikuinen suru: Olen syyllinen tyttäreni kehitysvammaan
Raitistunut alkoholistiäiti kertoo avoimesti tarinansa, jotta muut lapset välttyisivät hänen tyttärensä kohtalolta.
El Mercurio de Tamaulipas (Mexico) - Al conocer esto... nunca querrás beber alcohol durante el embarazo
Siempre se recomienda evitar las bebidas alcohólicas durante el embarazo para reducir el riesgo de malformaciones, pero al leer la siguiente historia no querrás tomar ni siquiera una copa de rompope.

Thursday, January 21, 2016

Alcohol News - 3/2016

The Moscow Times (Russia) - Russia's Alcohol Imports Plunge to Record Lows
Russia saw a record drop in alcohol imports in 2015 as a result of the weakening ruble and a decline in Russians' purchasing power, the Kommersant newspaper reported Thursday.
The Washington Post - This mother drank while pregnant. Here’s what her daughter’s like at 43.
Kathy Mitchell wants to share something with you. She’s not proud of it, and it’s not a behavior she hopes you’ll emulate. It’s just the truth: As a teen, Kathy drank alcohol while pregnant with her daughter, Karli. It was a perilous if unwitting mistake that has defined both of their lives.
ABC Online (Australia) - Alcohol industry reliant on problem drinkers, say critics
The message to drink responsibly tags nearly every alcohol commercial. But research published today suggests that's a fairly pointless message. It shows that the majority of drinkers, as the liquor industry likes to point out, already do drink responsibly.
Budapest Business Journal (Hungary) - Report: Hungary could introduce national alcohol stores
The Hungarian government could begin drafting a new law by spring that would entail the introduction of national alcohol stores, similar to those used for the sale of tobacco in Hungary, Hungarian weekly Figyelő wrote in its latest issue, citing unnamed sources.
Medical Xpress - Genetic component of alcohol consumption confirmed in Western populations
How much alcohol you drink and how hard it affects you are rooted in your DNA. Much studied in Asian populations, this study at the University of Valencia contributes conclusive evidence to an emerging Western scientific literature on the subject.
Medical Daily - Popular Music Videos May Encourage Teens To Use Tobacco And Alcohol Through Overexposure
Popular music videos may expose teens to alcohol and tobacco imagery, and may encourage them to use the substances, according to a study published in the Journal of Epidemiology & Communication Health.
Daily Mail (UK) - One in five over-50s risk damaging their health after turning to alcohol to cope with retirement, bereavement and loneliness
Older people are increasingly turning to booze to cope with life difficulties including retirement, bereavement and loneliness. Drink Wise, Age Well report also found that over-50s were turning to alcohol due to feeling like a failure, depressed and downhearted.
The Independent (UK) - Generation Abstemious: More and more young people are shunning alcohol
Time was when to be young and not drink was unusual, to say the least. Not any more. Oscar Quine goes non-alcoholic with Generation Abstemious and finds out why they've turned their backs on booze.
Prague Daily Monitor (Czech Republic) - ČR wants to cut alcohol and tobacco consumption by 2020
The Czech Republic wants to cut alcohol consumption by 5 percent and tobacco by 8 percent at least within five years via reduced availability and higher prices, according to the planned measures that national drug coordinator Jindrich Voboril presented yesterday.
Healio - High alcohol consumption increases risk for HCC in fatty liver disease
Researchers in Japan found that high consumption of alcohol increased the risk for hepatocellular carcinoma among patients with fatty liver disease, according to data from a retrospective cohort study.
The Conversation AU (Australia) - Alcohol companies target the 20% of Australians who drink 75% of the alcohol
Researchers have known for a long time that alcohol consumption is quite concentrated in a small part of the population. They argue about the exact distribution, but there is substantial agreement that, so long as alcohol sales are not heavily restricted, consumption is distributed in a quite predictable way.

Wednesday, January 13, 2016

Alcohol News - 2/2016

Scotsman (Scotland) - Holyrood committee rejects alcohol misuse legislation
MSPs have rejected a ­radical plan to tighten Scotland’s alcohol laws including tougher regulation of tonic wines with a high caffeine content such as Buckfast.
The Guardian (UK) - We need the truth about alcohol – it should be labelled, just like food
It is now classified as a group one carcinogen, alongside tobacco and asbestos, yet by a bizarre twist, alcohol is exempt from EU labelling laws
EurekAlert - 'No-buy' lists could cut kids' exposure to alcohol ads
Young people's exposure to alcohol advertisements on television could be greatly reduced if alcohol companies improved their use of so-called no-buy lists, according to a study in the January issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
Nottingham Post (UK) - Sean Meehan: New alcohol guidelines back up scientific evidence
Confused by the recent changes to alcohol guidelines? Sean Meehan, Public Health England East Midlands alcohol lead, looks at why these changes are needed for a positive impact on public health.
Newsmax - Alcohol in E-Cigarettes Hinders Motor Skills: Yale
Some electronic cigarette liquids contain enough alcohol to have an impact on motor skills, a new Yale University School of Medicine study shows.
Huffington Post Australia (Australia) - Increasing Tax On Our Cheapest Alcohol Could Reduce Consumption, New Monash University Study Shows
Increasing the cost of the cheapest alcohol could mean 12 fewer standard drinks per week for low-income earners.
The Conversation UK (UK) - How fetal alcohol spectrum disorders could be a hidden epidemic
The new Department of Health guideline on alcohol says that there is no safe alcohol limit for pregnant women. Alcohol should simply be avoided.
Radio New Zealand (New Zealand) - Vietnam vets alcohol risk double – study
A new study has found almost twice the number of people who served in Vietnam have been admitted to hospital with alcohol related mental disorders, compared to people who didn't go to the war.
Bangalore Mirror (India) - According to the World Health Organisation, alcohol is considered a group one carcinogen (as harmful as tobacco and asbestos). "As of now, there is no national policy in India for alcohol control," Dr Vishal Rao, anti-tobacco activist, told Bangalore Mirror.
Medical News Today - Novel saliva test could detect alcohol poisonings, 'date rape' drug
There has been a dramatic rise in the number of alcohol-related emergency department visits in the US in recent years. But often, doctors find it challenging to quickly determine whether a patient's symptoms are solely caused by too much alcohol or whether other drugs are involved. Now, researchers may have found a solution to this problem in the form of a saliva test.
Mirror.co.uk - Children 'lured into alcohol abuse by seeing parents drinking at school events'
Children are being lured into alcohol abuse by the sight of parents drinking at school events, a charity claims.
Reuters - Underage youth widely exposed to online alcohol marketing
More than half of underage people say they’ve seen alcohol marketing on the Internet, though few admit to engaging with brands or being a fan online, according to a new U.S. Study.
EN DELFI (Lithuania) - No exceptions for 'light drinks or special events' in new alcohol laws, says minister
Equally stringent restrictions on the sale of alcohol should apply to all kinds of alcoholic beverages and all sellers, said Lithuania's Economy Minister Evaldas Gustas.
Evening Standard (UK) - Binge-drinking injuries on the rise among students
Hundreds of binge-drinking students are suffering alcohol-related injuries each year, new figures show.
Radio Canada International (Canada) - Drinking alcohol and pregnancy- more concerns
It’s a shocking number of diseases, 428. That’s the number of diseases determined to co-occur in people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD).

Sunday, January 10, 2016

FASD News - 1/2016

Medical Xpress - Over 400 conditions co-occur with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), study finds
Researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) have identified 428 distinct disease conditions that co-occur in people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), in the most comprehensive review of its kind.
BBC News (UK) - New alcohol guidelines: What you need to know
the new guidelines for pregnant women have now been updated in England, Wales and Northern Ireland to be clear that no level of alcohol is safe to drink in pregnancy.
Stuff.co.nz (New Zealand) - Marlborough caregivers welcome government FASD plan
Marlborough residents are being encouraged to have their say on a government discussion paper on fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. The document was released by the Ministry of Health in December and contains information that will inform an action plan on the disorder to be released by the government in June.
Times LIVE - Alcohol toxic during pregnancy
There are more than 428 medical conditions, diseases or developmental problems related to foetal alcohol spectrum disorder.
The Chronicle Journal - Avoid alcohol during pregnancy: doctor
Researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have identified 428 distinct disease conditions that can co-occur in people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, in the most comprehensive review of its kind.
St Helens Star (UK) - Marie Rimmer alarmed by rates of mums who drink through pregnancy
FRESH worries have been raised over the amount of mothers who drink through pregnancy in light of figures which show St Helens has the fourth highest rate in the country for women admitted to hospital through alcohol related illnesses.

MATERIALS and VIDEOS
Tips for Parents with FASD

RESEARCH
The Lancet - Comorbidity of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Of 5068 studies found, 127 met eligibility criteria for data extraction. From those studies, we identified 428 comorbid conditions co-occurring in individuals with FASD, spanning across 18 of 22 chapters of the ICD-10.
Drug and Alcohol Dependence - The continuum of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in four rural communities in south africa: Prevalence and characteristics
Prevalence and characteristics of the continuum of diagnoses within fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were researched in previously unstudied rural, agricultural, lower socioeconomic populations in South Africa (ZA).
Alcoholism - Worldwide Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A Systematic Literature Review Including Meta-Analysis
The worldwide pooled prevalence estimates are higher than assumed so far, but this was largely explained by geography and descent. Furthermore, prevalence studies varied considerably in terms of used methodology and methodological quality. The pooled estimates must therefore be interpreted with caution and for future research it is highly recommended to report methodology in a more comprehensive way.
ALCOHOLISM: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH - The Impact of Prenatal Ethanol Exposure on Neuroanatomical and Behavioral Development in Mice
In utero alcohol, or ethanol (EtOH), exposure produces developmental abnormalities in the brain of the fetus, which can result in lifelong behavioral abnormalities. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) is a term used to describe a range of adverse developmental conditions caused by EtOH exposure during gestation.
ALCOHOLISM: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH - Interhemispheric Functional Brain Connectivity in Neonates with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure: Preliminary Findings
Children exposed to alcohol in utero demonstrate reduced white matter microstructural integrity. While early evidence suggests altered functional brain connectivity in the lateralization of motor networks in school-age children with prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE), the specific effects of alcohol exposure on the establishment of intrinsic connectivity in early infancy have not been explored.
ALCOHOLISM - Inhibition of Mammary Cancer Progression in Fetal Alcohol Exposed Rats by β-Endorphin Neurons
Fetal alcohol exposure (FAE) increases the susceptibility to carcinogen-induced mammary cancer progression in rodent models. FAE also decreases β-endorphin (β-EP) level and causes hyperstress response, which leads to inhibition of immune function against cancer.
ALCOHOLISM - Maternal Exposure to Ethanol During Pregnancy and Lactation Affects Glutamatergic System and Induces Oxidative Stress in Offspring Hippocampus
Alcohol abuse during pregnancy leads to intellectual disability and morphological defects in the offspring. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of chronic maternal ethanol (EtOH) consumption during pregnancy and lactation on glutamatergic transmission regulation, energy deficit, and oxidative stress in the hippocampus of the offspring.
Journal of Attention Disorders - Comparing Executive Functioning in Children and Adolescents With Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and ADHD: A Meta-Analysis
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are associated with a range of neurocognitive impairments. Executive functioning deficits are a hallmark feature of both disorders.
Journal of ethnicity in substance abuse - Preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies among Hispanic women
Project Healthy CHOICES, a self-administered, mail-based prevention intervention, was developed for women at risk of an alcohol-exposed pregnancy (AEP). Participants were sent their assessment and study materials through the United States Postal Service.

Wednesday, January 6, 2016

Alcohol News - 1/2016

The Guardian (UK) - No safe alcohol limit, new guidelines to say
Drinkers will be advised to cut back on alcohol for at least two days a week under new public health guidelines, according to reports.
Medical Xpress - Study shows how alcohol effects food consumption
A researcher from the University's Institute of Psychology, Health and Society has published a paper in Health Psychology about the adverse effect alcohol has on a person's inhibitory control when it comes to food.
Medical Xpress - Over 400 conditions co-occur with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), study finds
Researchers at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH) have identified 428 distinct disease conditions that co-occur in people with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD), in the most comprehensive review of its kind.
Sydney Morning Herald (Australia) - Crazy passengers on Aussie flights driven by alcohol
Alcohol is the biggest factor fuelling shameful behaviour on Australian flights, including sexual activity and attacking others with foul language in front of small children.
Hindustan Times (India) - One in four men consumes alcohol in rural MP: Study
Close to one fourth of the male population of rural Madhya Pradesh has consumed alcohol over a one-year period, a study published last month in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) has claimed, with the last consumption far higher amongst Hindus (14.7%) than Muslims (1.2%). Researchers conclude that there is a need for identifying and treating people with alcohol use disorders.
AzerNews (Uzbekistan) - Uzbekistan toughens penalties for use of tobacco products, alcohol in public
Uzbekistan will toughen the penalties for the use of tobacco products and alcohol in public places starting from January 2016.
Associations Now (UK) - CALORIE INFORMATION NEEDED ON ALCOHOLIC DRINKS, GROUP SAYS
The Local Government Association has renewed a push for breweries and other alcoholic drink manufacturers to label beverages with caloric information. The U.K.-based group says the labels are necessary because the public is largely unaware of the amount of empty calories in alcohol, which may be related to high obesity levels in the country.
Expatica Belguim (Belgium) - 1 in 10 Belgians battling alcohol problems
Belgian society should change its perception while counsellors and social workers should receive a better training to help alcohol drinkers.
Medical Daily - Alcohol Impairs Self-Control, Makes It Harder To Resist Snacks And Greasy Foods
If your New Year's resolution is to lose weight, you might want to put down the cocktail. New research published in the journal Health Psychology suggests alcohol lowers inhibition and reduces a person's willpower when it comes to raiding their fridge for those leftover chicken wings.
The Age (Australia) - Inebriated over-50s men now biggest users of ambulances
Ambulance calls to inebriated men in their 50s have become the most common call-outs for alcohol related problems, making up more than 50 per cent of visits.
Hurriyet Daily News (Turkey) - Turkey wakes up to tax hikes on alcohol, tobacco and electricity in New Year
The cost of cigarettes, alcoholic drinks and electricity are all set to lighten Turks’ wallets after the government imposed price hikes on the goods and services with the advent of the new year.
Kuensel, Buhutan's National Newspaper (Bhutan) - Cabinet endorses strong alcohol policy
Volumetric taxation or levying tax based on the alcohol content of products is one of the interventions that would be taken to control access and consumption of alcohol in the country.
New Zealand Police (New Zealand) - Campground alcohol related incidents concern Manawatu Police
Manawatu Police are concerned that alcohol fuelled antics of some campers are spoiling what should be enjoyable family holidays for people staying in some local campgrounds.
The Guardian (UK) - Older people drinking too much could create NHS ‘timebomb’, says doctor
Figures show high levels of alcohol consumption leading to increased numbers of over-65s being hospitalised for illnesses such as dementia.
CBC.ca (Canada) - Keeping reserves dry isn't easy: P.A. tribal council vice-chief
Prohibiting alcohol is something the Standing Buffalo First Nation is considering in the wake of a homicide on New Year's Day — but other reserves in Saskatchewan have already taken that step and say it's not easy to do.
StarAfrica.com (South Africa) - South Africa: Alcohol abuse among youths shocks health minister
South African Health Minister Aaron Motsoaledi has expressed shock to personally witness the country’s youth take social drinking so seriously to the detriment of the nation’s development, APA learn here Wednesday.
Scotsman (Scotland) - Leaders: Binge drinking culture must be addressed
THOUSANDS of Scots being injured while drunk underlines extent of problem for wider society, as well as ambulance staff.